Anemia CKD Brochure_FINAL by ahmadalheety

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									 How will I be diagnosed?                             “Could I be Anemic?”
 Your healthcare professional will:
                                                    Answer as many questions as
                                                    you can, and be sure to share
                                                                                                                                                                                         Iron
 • Ask about your medical histor y and
     symptoms you may be having
                                                   the results with your physician.         Short of
                                                                                              Breath?                                                                                 Deficiency
                                                  Do you feel tired or fatigued?




                                                                                                            A Patient Guide to Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)-Related Anemia
                                                                                               Weak?

                                                                                                                                                                                 Anemia
 • Perform a physical exam
                                                   Always    Often   Sometimes      Never
 • Test a sample of your blood                                                                   Tired?
 The main blood test used to diagnose anemia
 is the Complete Blood Count (CBC). The CBC       Do you feel weak?
 will measure:                                     Always    Often   Sometimes      Never    If you think
 • Hemoglobin (Hb): This is the part of the red                                              you may be
   blood cell which contains iron and carries     Does your skin look pale?
   oxygen.                                         Always    Often   Sometimes      Never     suffering
 • Hematocrit (Hct) : A percentage of red
   blood cells within a sample of blood.          Do you get short of breath?               from anemia,
                                                   Always    Often   Sometimes      Never
                                                                                            speak to your
                             Non-Pregnant         D
                                                  Do you get dizzy?                          healthcare
                 Men           Women               Always    Often   Sometimes      Never
                                                                                              provider
               14 to 17.4      12.3 to 15.3
Normal Hb                                         Is it difficult to concentrate?
                 g/dL             g/dL                                                         about
                                                   Always    Often   Sometimes      Never
                                                                                             treatment
 Two other common tests that are used to          Have you experienced a rapid
                                                  H
 diagnose iron deficiency anemia are serum                                                    options
                                                  heartbeat?
                                                  he
 ferritin and transferrin saturation.              Always    Often   Sometimes      Never
 • Serum ferritin: measures how much
   iron is being stored in your body.             Do you have food cravings for
 • Transferrin saturation: Measures               non-nutritive substances such
   the amount of iron in the body                 as ice?
   that is available for immediate use.            Always    Often   Sometimes      Never

 If you think you may have iron deficiency        Do you have numbness or cold-
 anemia, take this brochure and discuss it with   ness in your hands or feet?
 your healthcare provider. There are many          Always    Often   Sometimes      Never
 treatment options available to treat anemia
 and iron deficiency anemia. Ask your doctor
 about what treatments are available and are
 best for you.

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                               Iron Deficiency Anemia
                                                                        Why Iron?
                                                                        Iron is an essential part of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin    We lose a small amount of iron each day. If we
                                                                        is what allows your red blood cells to carry oxygen    cannot make up these small losses through our
                                                                        from your lungs to your brain and other vital organs   diet either because our diet—is too low in iron or
                                                                        and tissues. When your body has all the iron it        because we cannot absorb iron due to a disease
                                                                        needs, it stores the extra iron for future use.        state — we may become iron deficient.
                                                                        When you have iron deficiency anemia your body         Iron deficiency may also be caused by blood loss
                                                                        does not have enough iron for production of            or an increased need for iron. If iron deficiency
                                                                        healthy red blood cells. Your red blood cells may      is not corrected, iron deficiency anemia may
                                                                        be small and pale. It may also not have enough         develop. Iron deficiency anemia is the most
                                                                        iron in storage.                                       severe form of iron deficiency, as not enough
                                                                                                                               iron is available in the bone marrow or in
                                                                        If you think you may be anemic, it is important to     storage to produce healthy red blood cells.
                                                                        speak to your healthcare professional. There are
                                                                        treatments available to help correct and manage
                                                                        iron deficiency anemia and help you feel better!
The importance of iron.....




                                                                        What causes IDA?                                       Signs and Symptoms
                                                                        • A diet low in iron                                   There are often no signs or symptoms, but
                                                                        • Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)                         some of the more common ones are:
                                                                        • The inability to absorb iron–caused by intestinal    •   Pale, weak, fatigued or lack of energy
                                                                          disorders such as Crohn’s disease, celiac disease
                                                                          or gastric bypass surgery                            •   Unusual shortness of breath
                              Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA)
                                                                        • A loss of blood—either acute (surgery or trauma)     •   Fast heartbeat
                              Iron deficiency is the most common
                              cause of anemia. It is a serious health     or chronic (ulcer, a bleeding tumor, uterine         •   Colder hands and feet than usual
                              issue and yet it often goes undiagnosed     fibroids, colon polyp, colorectal cancer, or         •   Unusual food cravings (pica)
                              and untreated. Iron deficiency anemia       gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding from regular use
                              occurs when there is too little iron in     of aspirin)
                              your body to make healthy red blood       • An increased need for iron—ESA (erythropoietin
                              cells.                                      stimulating agent) use and pregnancy
 Anemia Facts




                                                                        Your red blood cells carry oxygen to all parts of your body. Every living human cell needs oxygen
                                    Why red blood cells are             to live. Muscles are made up of millions of cells. An important muscle is the heart. This is why
                                    important to your health            heart conditions can develop or worsen if there are not enough healthy red blood cells (RBCs) to
                                    and especially your heart...        deliver oxygen to the cells of the heart. Oxygen is the fuel needed for cell survival. Treating your
                                                                        anemia can also slow down the progression of chronic kidney disease.

								
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