How will I be diagnosed? “Could I be Anemic?” Your healthcare professional will: Answer as many questions as you can, and be sure to share Iron • Ask about your medical histor y and symptoms you may be having the results with your physician. Short of Breath? Deficiency Do you feel tired or fatigued? A Patient Guide to Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)-Related Anemia Weak? Anemia • Perform a physical exam Always Often Sometimes Never • Test a sample of your blood Tired? The main blood test used to diagnose anemia is the Complete Blood Count (CBC). The CBC Do you feel weak? will measure: Always Often Sometimes Never If you think • Hemoglobin (Hb): This is the part of the red you may be blood cell which contains iron and carries Does your skin look pale? oxygen. Always Often Sometimes Never suffering • Hematocrit (Hct) : A percentage of red blood cells within a sample of blood. Do you get short of breath? from anemia, Always Often Sometimes Never speak to your Non-Pregnant D Do you get dizzy? healthcare Men Women Always Often Sometimes Never provider 14 to 17.4 12.3 to 15.3 Normal Hb Is it difficult to concentrate? g/dL g/dL about Always Often Sometimes Never treatment Two other common tests that are used to Have you experienced a rapid H diagnose iron deficiency anemia are serum options heartbeat? he ferritin and transferrin saturation. Always Often Sometimes Never • Serum ferritin: measures how much iron is being stored in your body. Do you have food cravings for • Transferrin saturation: Measures non-nutritive substances such the amount of iron in the body as ice? that is available for immediate use. Always Often Sometimes Never If you think you may have iron deficiency Do you have numbness or cold- anemia, take this brochure and discuss it with ness in your hands or feet? your healthcare provider. There are many Always Often Sometimes Never treatment options available to treat anemia and iron deficiency anemia. Ask your doctor about what treatments are available and are best for you. © 2009 American Regent, Inc. One Luitpold Drive • P.O.Box 9001 • Shirley, NY 11967 ANB2340 Rev. 12/2009 800-645-1706 • www.venofer.com Iron Deficiency Anemia Why Iron? Iron is an essential part of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin We lose a small amount of iron each day. If we is what allows your red blood cells to carry oxygen cannot make up these small losses through our from your lungs to your brain and other vital organs diet either because our diet—is too low in iron or and tissues. When your body has all the iron it because we cannot absorb iron due to a disease needs, it stores the extra iron for future use. state — we may become iron deficient. When you have iron deficiency anemia your body Iron deficiency may also be caused by blood loss does not have enough iron for production of or an increased need for iron. If iron deficiency healthy red blood cells. Your red blood cells may is not corrected, iron deficiency anemia may be small and pale. It may also not have enough develop. Iron deficiency anemia is the most iron in storage. severe form of iron deficiency, as not enough iron is available in the bone marrow or in If you think you may be anemic, it is important to storage to produce healthy red blood cells. speak to your healthcare professional. There are treatments available to help correct and manage iron deficiency anemia and help you feel better! The importance of iron..... What causes IDA? Signs and Symptoms • A diet low in iron There are often no signs or symptoms, but • Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) some of the more common ones are: • The inability to absorb iron–caused by intestinal • Pale, weak, fatigued or lack of energy disorders such as Crohn’s disease, celiac disease or gastric bypass surgery • Unusual shortness of breath Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) • A loss of blood—either acute (surgery or trauma) • Fast heartbeat Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia. It is a serious health or chronic (ulcer, a bleeding tumor, uterine • Colder hands and feet than usual issue and yet it often goes undiagnosed fibroids, colon polyp, colorectal cancer, or • Unusual food cravings (pica) and untreated. Iron deficiency anemia gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding from regular use occurs when there is too little iron in of aspirin) your body to make healthy red blood • An increased need for iron—ESA (erythropoietin cells. stimulating agent) use and pregnancy Anemia Facts Your red blood cells carry oxygen to all parts of your body. Every living human cell needs oxygen Why red blood cells are to live. Muscles are made up of millions of cells. An important muscle is the heart. This is why important to your health heart conditions can develop or worsen if there are not enough healthy red blood cells (RBCs) to and especially your heart... deliver oxygen to the cells of the heart. Oxygen is the fuel needed for cell survival. Treating your anemia can also slow down the progression of chronic kidney disease.
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