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Vegetation and Flora Management Plan - Vegetation _ Flora Management

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					         Rail Development
         DRAFT Construction
         Environmental Management Plan
         Vegetation & Flora Management

         Document No     :      301012-01054-2000-EN-PLN-0008

         Revision        :      C

         Date of Issue   :      30-Jun-10




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                                                                                            Oakajee Port & Rail Pty Ltd
                                         Rail Development - Construction - Vegetation & Flora Management




SYNOPSIS


This report has been prepared on behalf of and for the exclusive use of Oakajee Port & Rail Pty Ltd and their
contractors.

Copying this report without the permission of Oakajee Port & Rail Pty Ltd is not permitted.




  PROJECT 301012-01054-2000-EN-PLN-0008


   0               Issued for Approval                                                      DD-                        DD-
                                                  T Carpenter    A Garnaut     G Edwards    MMMM-                      MMMM-
                                                                                            YY                         YY

   C               Issued for Final Review                                                  30-Jun-10                  30-Jun-
                                                  T Carpenter    A Garnaut     G Edwards                D McAlinden    10

   B               Issued for OPR Review                                                    10-Jun-10                  10-Jun-
                                                  T Carpenter    A Garnaut     G Edwards                D McAlinden    10

   A               Issued for Internal Review                                               25-May-10                  25-May-
                                                  T Carpenter    A Garnaut     G Edwards                D McAlinden    10

   CEMP-Rail-00X   Issued ofr Internal Review
                                                   ecologia      T Carpenter    S Pickard                 C Miller
   REV             DESCRIPTION                   ORIG           REVIEW         REVIEW       DATE        APPROVED       DATE
                                                                               OWNER



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                                                                   Table of Contents

LIST OF ACRONYMS & ABBREVIATIONS............................................................................................................ 4
1.     INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................................... 5
     1.1       Scope & Objective ....................................................................................................................... 5
     1.2       Background/Project Description ............................................................................................ 5
     1.3       Description of Key Works ......................................................................................................... 6
     1.4       Key Environmental Legislation/Standards.......................................................................... 8
2.     EXISTING ENVIRONMENT................................................................................................................... 9
3.     POTENTIAL IMPACTS ........................................................................................................................ 11
     3.1       Methodology ................................................................................................................................ 11
     3.2       Issues & Threats......................................................................................................................... 11
     3.3       Impacts .......................................................................................................................................... 12
4.     ROLES & RESPONSIBILITIES.......................................................................................................... 12
5.     MITIGATION ........................................................................................................................................... 14
6.     KEY CONTROL MEASURES............................................................................................................. 17
7.     MONITORING......................................................................................................................................... 24
8.     CONTINGENCIES ................................................................................................................................. 25
9.     REPORTING ........................................................................................................................................... 27
10. AUDITING & REVIEW .......................................................................................................................... 28
     10.1      Auditing ......................................................................................................................................... 28
     10.2      Review & Revision ..................................................................................................................... 29
11. RELATED PLANS ................................................................................................................................. 29
12. REFERENCES ....................................................................................................................................... 30
APPENDIX A: EMS STRUCTURE........................................................................................................................ 31
APPENDIX B: DEFINITIONS OF PRIORITY FLORA SPECIES ............................................................................ 32
APPENDIX C: OPR EMS SYSTEMS AND REGISTERS ....................................................................................... 33




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                         LIST OF ACRONYMS & ABBREVIATIONS


ARRP Act            Agriculture and Related Resources Protection Act 1976
AS/NZS              Australia Standard/New Zealand Standard
DEC                 Department of Environment and Conservation
DoW                 Department of Water
DRF                 Declared Rare Flora
EMP                 Environmental Management Plan
EMS                 Environmental Management System
EP Act              Environmental Protection Act 1986
EPA                 Environmental Protection Authority
EPBC Act            Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Commonwealth)
IBRA                Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia
ISO                 International Standards Organisation
NWCH                North-West Coastal Highway
OPR                 Oakajee Port and Rail Pty Ltd
PEC                 Priority Ecological Community
PER                 Public Environmental Review
SWMP                Surface Water Management Plan
TEC                 Threatened Ecological Community
VFMP                Vegetation and Flora Management Plan (this document)
WC Act              Wildlife Conservation Act 1950




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1.     INTRODUC TION

1.1               Scope & Objecti ve

This document details the management strategies to be implemented by Oakajee Port and Rail Pty Ltd (OPR) to ensure
vegetation and flora are managed in an appropriate manner and in accordance with relevant statutory requirements during
the construction of the OPR Rail Development (the Project). The plan also outlines the rehabilitation strategies to be
undertaken for land that is no longer required where Project activities have ceased.
The objective of this Vegetation and Flora Management Plan (VFMP) is to:
     1. provide guidance during construction to:
             •    minimise impacts to vegetation and conservation significant flora;
             •    minimise the impacts on significant vegetation communities; and
             •    restrict the introduction and transfer of weeds and potential pathogens.
     2. provide guidance on rehabilitation of areas in accordance with management strategies set out in this VFMP;.
     3. outline monitoring programs and reporting that will be implemented for potentially impacted and rehabilitated
        areas;
     4. ensure OPR operations comply with regulatory requirements with respect to vegetation and flora management;
        and
     5. enable optimisation of construction works taking cognisance of item 1 to 4 above.

The VFMP will be managed via the OPR Environmental Management System (EMS) ensuring all commitments are
effectively disseminated across the project team and construction supervisors. The structure of the EMS is detailed in
Appendix A. The VFMP details requirements to minimise impacts on vegetation and flora during the construction phase,
with a subsequent management plan detailing requirements during the future operational phase of the project. The
policies, monitoring, review and auditing of the VFMP are elements of the broader EMS framework under which the
construction of the Project will be managed. The EMS enables the VFMP commitments to be cross referenced with other
management plans and regulatory approval documents via a series of databases and registers.

Commitments detailed in the Project Draft Public Environmental Review (PER) have been incorporated into Section 6 of
the VFMP. The PER and VFMP will be reviewed in coordination by the Department of Environment and Conservation
(DEC) and other Decision Making Authorities. Following final approval of the PER, conditions regarding vegetation and
flora management may be placed on the Project. This VFMP incorporates relevant requirements to comply with those
potential conditions, and will be updated as necessary to ensured continued compliance.
1.2               Background/Project Description
OPR is seeking to develop and operate a new deepwater port at Oakajee, 24 kilometres north of Geraldton on Western
Australia's mid west coastline. The port will be supported by a new 570km rail network linking the port to the iron ore
mines to the east. The port will comprise a large breakwater sheltering two Cape size berths, a third berth for Panamax or
Cape size vessels, a tug and work boat harbour and associated land based facilities including ship loaders, conveyors,



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stockpile yard, stackers and reclaimers.
Construction of the Project is scheduled to commence in 2011 with current forecasts having the Project operational by
2014. Iron ore exports from Oakajee Port are expected to be nominally 45 million tonnes per annum.
The broader Oakajee Development has three key project areas:
      •   Port Marine;
      •   Port Terrestrial; and
      •   Rail Development.
This VFMP relates to the Rail Development which extends in a north-easterly direction from the North West Coastal
Highway (NWCH) at Oakajee to the Jack Hills mining operations. In addition there will be two spur lines to Westnet
(Mullewa) line and Weld Range (Figure 1-1). The Rail Project comprises the following features:
    •     Approximately 570 km of rail formation and track (including two spur lines), with a typical final disturbance width
          of 50m to 80m
    •     Watercourse/drainage channel crossings including an estimated nine bridges, multi-barrel culverts for major
          drainage channels and additional culverts for environmental flows
    •     NWCH and Chapman Valley Road bridges providing grade separation of train and vehicular traffic
    •     Supporting infrastructure including:
              o up to three large quarries and numerous borrow pits
              o approximately 200 groundwater production bores
              o power via generators for construction camps, bores, etc
              o up to six construction camps for approximately 3,000 personnel in total at peak occupancy, some
                    portions of some camps being retained to accommodate maintenance personnel
              o vehicle access tracks
              o laydown areas
              o mine loops at Jack Hills and Weld Range
              o temporary rail welding depot, sleeper plant and ballast stockpiles at a Construction Depot, part of which
                    will be retained as a permanent track maintenance depot
    •     Up to 18 train movements a day (highest movements in the western portion of the rail from Oakajee to the
          potential Mullewa spur)


1.3                Description of Key Works
Construction Phase
The Project will require the disturbance of approximately 7,000 ha of land (of which approximately 6,000 ha is native
vegetation) to construct the rail corridor, source construction materials and locate the necessary support infrastructure.
Works during construction will involve land clearing, excavating construction material, cut and fill for the rail corridor, laying
rail tracks and development of supporting infrastructure. Infrastructure will include accommodation camps, water and
power supply, access tracks, workshops and rail servicing yards.



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                            Figure 1-1: OPR Rail Alignment from Great Eastern Highway to Jack Hills


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1.4               Key Environmental Legislation/Standards
Table 1-1 identifies the key legislation and standards relevant to vegetation and flora management.
Table 1-1: Key Legislation and Standards Relevant to the Management Aspect
                                         Responsible Government
 Legislation/Standards                                                         Aspect
                                         Authority / Organisation
 Commonwealth Legislation
 Environment         Protection     &
 Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999      Department of Environment, Water,     Relates     to   the    protection      of
                                         Heritage and the Arts                 nationally listed significant flora.
 (EPBC Act)
 State Government Legislation
                                                                               Wild fire control. This Act details
                                                                               the    prevention     controls   and
                                         Fire and Emergency         Services
 Bushfire Act 1954                                                             procedures that must be met to
                                         Authority of WA
                                                                               minimise fire risk within the Project
                                                                               area.
                                                                               Environmental       protection         and
 Environmental Protection Act 1986       DEC                                   conservation of vegetation             and
 (EP Act)                                                                      flora, and rehabilitation.
                                                                               Promotes the preservation and
                                                                               protection       of    Conservation
                                                                               Reserves in Western Australia.
                                                                               The Project area intersects several
 Conservation         and         Land   DEC                                   conservation reserves or areas
                                                                               proposed for conservation: Reserve
 Management Act 1984
                                                                               16200, ex-Woolgorong Pastoral
                                                                               Station, ex-Narloo Pastoral Station
                                                                               and ex-Twin Peaks Pastoral
                                                                               Station.
                                                                               Provides for the mitigation and
                                                                               prevention of land degradation,
                                                                               promotion of soil conservation and
                                         Department of Agriculture and Food    education of land holders and the
 Soil and Land Conservation Act                                                public generally about sound land
 1945                                                                          management.               Anticipated
                                                                               disturbance for the construction of
                                                                               the Project is approximately 7000
                                                                               ha.
                                                                               Relates to the protection of
                                                                               Declared or Priority flora, including
                                                                               those likely to become extinct, rare,
                                         DEC                                   or otherwise in need of special
 Wildlife   Conservation    Act   1950                                         protection from adverse effects
 (WC Act)                                                                      resulting from the Project. Two
                                                                               Declared Rare Flora and 87 Priority
                                                                               Flora have been recorded within the
                                                                               Project area.
                                                                               Three weed species listed under
 Agriculture and Related Resources
                                         The Agriculture Protection Board of   the ARRP Act as Priority 1
 Protection        Act       1976
                                         WA                                    Declared      Plants   have      been
 (ARRP Act)
                                                                               recorded within the Project area:



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                                       Responsible Government
 Legislation/Standards                                                        Aspect
                                       Authority / Organisation
 State Guidelines and Regulations
                                                                              Clearing of native vegetation in
 EPA Position Statement No. 2
                                       Environmental Protection Authority     agricultural areas    and    the
 Environmental Protection of Native
                                       (EPA)                                  importance of retaining native
 Vegetation in WA
                                                                              vegetation.
 CALM Policy Statement No.9
                                                                              Conservation of threatened flora in
 Conserving Threatened Species         DEC
                                                                              the wild.
 and Ecological Communities
 Australian Standards
 AS 5062 - 2006
                                                                              Onboard     fire    protection    for
 Fire Protection for Mobile      and
                                                                              earthmoving      and    construction
 Transportable Equipment
                                                                              equipment
 AS 1841 - 2007
                                                                              Portable fire fighting equipment for
 Portable Fire Fighting Equipment
                                                                              vehicles and campsite locations

 OPR
                                                                              Provides     the    framework     for
                                                                              environmental     management       in
                                                                              compliance       with     Australian
                                                                              Standard/New Zealand Standard
                                                                              (AS/NZS) International Standards
 OPR EMS                               OPR                                    Organisation (ISO) 14001:2004
                                                                              Environmental           Management
                                                                              Systems – Requirements with
                                                                              Guidance for Use.
                                                                              This EMP is managed under the
                                                                              auspices of the OPR EMS.




2.     EXISTING ENVIRONMENT

The Project area extends for approximately 530 km to the north east from Oakajee to Jack Hills resulting in environmental
conditions varying considerably along the Project area. The main factors contributing to this change is distance from the
coast, drainage patterns, geology and soils. European settlement has substantially altered the structure and floristic
composition of vegetation due to grazing by introduced animals such as sheep, cattle, goats and rabbits, and altered fire
regimes
The Project area incorporates three Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia (IBRA) regions, Yalgoo,
Murchison and Geraldton Sandplains. The Project area contains high numbers of rare and endemic plants that have been
recorded from the Geraldton Sandplains and Yalgoo bioregions. The flora of the Project area is diverse, with
approximately 830 recorded vascular species, 97% of which are endemic or near endemic in the Murchison IBRA region.
From east to west, the vegetation consists of mulga low woodlands rich in ephemerals, low to open Eucalyptus, Acacia
and Callitris woodlands rich in ephemerals, and proteaceous scrub-heath.




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Vegetation
No Threatened Ecological Communities (TECs) occur within the Project area.
Four Priority 1 Priority Ecological Communities (PECs) occur within the Project area:
    •    Jack Hills Vegetation Complexes
    •    Moresby Range Vegetation Association
    •    Tallering Peak Vegetation Complexes.
    •    Weld Range Vegetation Complexes
Twenty six Beard vegetation associations were recorded in the Project area. Seven of these associations are expected to
have been cleared to an extent such that less than 30% of their pre-European extent remains. All of these are located in
the freehold area, within the Geraldton Sandplains IBRA region.
Seventy two vegetation units were recorded by ecologia Environment (ecologia) in the Project area. Vegetation
communities of interest include the Mulga woodlands in the Murchison region and the salt lake communities near Weld
Range.
Conservation Significant Flora
A survey was conducted by ecologia to identify existing vegetation and flora present in the Project area.
Field surveys identified a number of significant vegetation communities and flora that occur within the Project area.
Two Declared Rare Flora (DRF) species were recorded within the Project area; Caladenia hoffmanii and Drummondita
ericoides.
A total of 87 species of Priority Flora have been recorded within the Project area.
Weeds
Vegetation surveys conducted within the Project area recorded 62 introduced species, three of which are Declared
species under the ARRP Act, these include:
•   *Carthamus lanatus (Saffron Thistle)
         *Carthamus lanatus is listed as a Priority 1 Declared Plant in WA, which prohibits the movement of plants or their
         seeds within the State. It is also listed as a Priority 4 weed in the Murchison region; this listing aims to prevent the
         infestation spreading beyond existing boundaries (DAF, 2009). The Priority 4 requirements state that the infested
         area must be managed in such a way as to prevent the spread of seeds or plant parts within and from the
         property;
•   *Echium plantagineum (Patterson’s Curse)
         *Echium plantagineum is listed as a Priority 1 Declared Plant in WA and this prohibits the movement of plants or
         their seeds within WA. It is also listed as a Priority 3 and Priority 4 weed in the wheatbelt, and these listings
         respectively aim to control an infestation by reducing the area and/or density of the infestation and to prevent the
         infestation from spreading beyond the existing boundaries of the infestation (DAF, 2009). The Priority 3 and
         Priority 4 requirements state that the infested area must be managed in such a way as to prevent the spread of
         seeds or plant parts within and from the property; and



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•    *Emex australis (Spiny emex).
         *Emex australis is listed as a Priority 1 Declared Plant in certain regions in the south west of WA, which prohibits
         the movement of plants or their seeds within those regions. It is also listed as a Priority 3 and Priority 4 weed,
         and these listings respectively aim to control an infestation by reducing the area and/or density of the infestation
         and to prevent the infestation from spreading beyond the existing boundaries of the infestation (DAF, 2009).
Invasive weed species are more prevalent within the freehold land area than in the pastoral areas.
Other Vegetation of Interest
Mulga (Acacia aneura) woodlands are widespread throughout the Murchison IBRA region of the Project area. The
distribution and abundance of mulga is particularly influenced by soil moisture and the pattern of surface drainage,
particularly sheetflow.
Vegetation communities associated with dry salt lakes near the Weld Range are dominated by varying low chenopod
shrublands which, like the mulga communities, may be affected by alterations to surface water hydrology.
Conservation Reserves
The Project area crosses several conservation reserves, or areas proposed for conservation reservation. These are:
•    Reserve 16200;
•    ex Narloo Pastoral Station;
•    ex Woolgorong Pastoral Station; and
•    ex Twin Peaks Pastoral Station.
There are no DEC listed Environmentally Sensitive Areas within the Project area (DEC Geographic Data Atlas, 2009).

3.       POTENTI AL IMPACTS

3.1               M ethodology
The basis of this VFMP is the risk register that was developed using the IMS-SF-1 Environmental Risk Register Template
and in accordance with the IMS-SP-1 Environmental Risk Management Procedure. The risk evaluation is based on the
overall project risk management principles based on AS/NZS 4360: Risk Management. The content of the risk register
was developed in a workshop where potential disturbance to vegetation and flora were identified and assessed from an
understanding of site construction plans.
3.2               Issues & Threats
Based on the risk assessment the key sources of disturbance to vegetation and flora during the construction of the Project
include:
     •   Land clearing
     •   Spills of hazardous materials
     •   Inadequate rehabilitation activities
     •   Alteration of surface water hydrology


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     •    Inappropriate design and construction of final land forms
     •    Fire
     •    Weeds or potential pathogens
     •    Soil erosion


3.3                 Impacts
Clearing of approximately 6,000 ha of native vegetation will be required during construction of the Project. Potential
impacts to vegetation and flora due to the construction of the Project include:
     •    Loss of significant vegetation communities
     •    Loss of DRF, Priority Flora or EPBC Act listed species
     •    Loss of biodiversity
     •    Vegetation fragmentation
Of these it was determined that 10 species have the potential to be significantly impacted by the Project (Table 3-1).
Table 3-1: Priority Flora potentially significantly impacted by the Project
                                       Species                                                     Priority Status
Chamelaucium sp. Yalgoo                                                                                   P1

Eremophila sp. Tallering                                                                                  P1
Goodenia lyrata                                                                                           P1
Gunniopsis divisa                                                                                         P1

Harperia ferruginipes                                                                                     P1
Petrophile vana                                                                                           P1
Ptilotus tetrandrus                                                                                       P1

Eremophila arachnoids subsp. arachnoides                                                                  P3
Homalocalyx echinulatus                                                                                   P3

Tecticornia cymbiformis                                                                                   P3

Thryptomene sp. Moresby Range                                                                             P3

Thryptomene sp. Wandana                                                                                   P3

Descriptions of conservation significance are summarised in Appendix B.

4.       ROLES & RESPONSIBILI TIES

This section outlines who is responsible for the vegetation and flora management aspects of this VFMP. Overall
responsibility for the implementation of this VFMP rests with the OPR Construction Manager and Environment Manager.



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All employees and contractors shall meet the requirements of this VFMP and associated procedures. Responsibility for
some management actions stated in this VFMP may be delegated to specific contractors if appropriate.
Key Project personnel including the Construction Manager, Superintendents and Supervisors shall ensure that all
management actions are undertaken to satisfactory standard and that all personnel are aware of their responsibilities.
There shall be dedicated staff to manage health, safety and environment during construction and a general outline of
responsibilities in relation to vegetation and flora management are provided below. The responsibility for more detailed
control measures are presented in Section 6.
Project Engineer
    •   Accountable for the management of vegetation and flora within the scope of their respective projects.

    •   Ensure the requirements of this VFMP are implemented in relation to their work packages.

    •   Ensure that design will allow compliance with the Control Measures listed in Section 6.
Environment Manager
    •   Overall accountability for the auditing and assessment of compliance with this VFMP and ensure it is maintained
        on site;

    •   Provide support to all Project personnel as required ensuring this VFMP is implemented and complied with.

    •   Provide advice to all key parties to ensure compliance with legal requirements, achievement of environmental
        objectives and improving environmental performance

    •   Obtain relevant approvals for vegetation and flora disturbance, as required.

    •   Review the effectiveness and implementation of this VFMP.

    •   Review and closing out any corrective actions listed in the Incident Register

    •   Participate in hazard studies, risk workshops and design reviews to ensure vegetation and flora risks and
        opportunities are identified and managed.
    •   Report as required to regulating authorities.
.Construction Manager
   • Overall accountability to ensure this VFMP is implemented, reported and maintained on site.
    •   Ensure all personnel attend inductions and are aware of the requirements of this VFMP and related procedures.
    •   Review reports provided by the Site Environmental Coordinator.
    •   Provide support to contractors and on site Project Personnel required during the construction phase.
    •   Ensure appropriate resources and personnel are made available to meet the requirements of this VFMP.
Site Supervisor
    •   Ensure the requirements of this VFMP are implemented within their area of responsibility as delegated by the
        Construction Manager.
    •   Have a working knowledge of vegetation and flora management applicable to their area of responsibility.


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     •    Include vegetation and flora issues when applicable in prestart (toolbox) meetings.
     •    Conduct audits, inspections and raising corrective actions as required.
     •    Provide leadership, training and recognition in managing vegetation and flora within their area of responsibility.
Site Environmental Coordinator
     •    Provide training and induction on vegetation and flora management as outlined in this VFMP.
     •    Liaise with supervisors to identify vegetation and flora issues associated with day-to-day construction and pre
          commissioning activities.
     •    Undertake inspections in liaison with Site Supervisors.
     •    Prepare reports on vegetation and flora management and identify areas of improvement and corrective action.
     •    Assist with investigating vegetation and flora incidents and co-ordinating corrective actions, if required.
     •    Provide accurate and timely advice to the Construction Manager regarding vegetation and flora management and
          corrective actions in relation to vegetation and flora incidents.
     •    Report any non-compliance in the EMS Incident and Non-conformance Report Form.
     •    Maintain all documents (hard copy files, electronic files and emails) for inspection during internal and external
          audits.
     •    Maintain an Incident Register and provide the register to the Environmental Manager.
     •    Maintain the risk register that informs this VFMP.
Contractors
     •    Support OPR vegetation and flora management initiatives and culture.
     •    Comply with all legal requirements and the requirements specified in this VFMP.
     •    Ensure all personnel are adequately trained in vegetation and flora management.
     •    Seek advice from OPR when in doubt of their requirements.
All Personnel
     •    Comply with all legal requirements and the requirements of this VFMP.
     •    Report vegetation and flora incidents to their Site Supervisor or Site Environmental Coordinator.
     •    Attend environmental inductions or any other training on vegetation and flora management.
     •    Participate in HSE meetings and suggest improvements to vegetation and flora management.


Also refer to EMS for further details on general OPR personnel responsibilities.



5.       MITI GATION

Impacts on vegetation and flora will be minimised by appropriate design and avoidance where possible. To prevent or
minimise the impacts, controls are placed in the order of hierarchy of control principles listed below:



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    •   Elimination of the activity;
    •   Substitution with a lower risk activity or product;
    •   Engineering solutions to reduce the impact of the event;
    •   Implementation of administrative procedures to control the activity; and
    •   Clean up or remediation measures to mitigate impacts after an event.
The management strategy structure and content follows EPA and DEC guidance.
Management strategies have been developed to meet the EPA’s vegetation and flora objectives:
   • to maintain the abundance, diversity, geographic distribution and productivity of flora at ecosystem levels through
      the avoidance or management of adverse impacts and improvement in knowledge; and
    •   to ensure that, as far as practicable, that rehabilitation achieves a stable and functioning landform which is
        consistent with the surrounding landscape and other environmental values.
The intended mitigation of impacts, determined in accordance with the EPA recommended mitigation hierarchy, is outlined
below in Table 5-1. The objectives, targets and performance indicators related to vegetation and flora have been
developed based upon the management strategies outlined within the Project PER.




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Table 5-1: Performance Management targets and indicators for vegetation and flora

Potential Impacts                     OPR Management Objective            OPR Management Strategy              Target                              Performance Indicators
•   Loss of significant vegetation    Protect conservation significant    Ensure that the avoidance of         No impact to significant            Use of and compliance with
    communities                       vegetation and flora.               significant vegetation and flora     vegetation and flora beyond the     the Ground Disturbance
•   Loss of DRF, Priority Flora or                                        is integrated into Project design    disturbance areas approved by       Permit system.
    EPBC Act listed species                                               wherever practicable.                the Minister through the PER
                                                                                                               process.
•   Loss of significant vegetation    Minimise the extent of native       Project design and construction      Total vegetation clearing does      •   Use of and compliance
    communities                       vegetation disturbance required     will ensure that disturbance of      not exceed what is approved by          with the Ground
•   Loss of DRF, Priority Flora or    for construction and operation of   native vegetation is minimised.      the Minister through the PER            Disturbance Permit
    EPBC Act listed species           the Project.                                                             process.                                system.
•   Loss of biodiversity                                                                                                                           •   Vegetation health
                                                                                                                                                       monitoring.
•   Vegetation fragmentation


•   Loss of biodiversity              Control the introduction and        Prepare and implement a weed         •   No new weed or pathogen         •   Compliance with weed
•   Vegetation fragmentation          spread of weed and pathogen         and pathogen hygiene program             species introduced as a             and pathogen hygiene
                                      species and protect unaffected      to restrict the spread of weeds          result of Project                   procedures.
                                      areas from invasion of exotic       and potential pathogens into             construction.                   •   Weed survey results
                                      noxious weeds or potential          unaffected areas.                    •   No increase in weed or
                                      pathogens.                                                                                                   •   Pathogen surveys (if
                                                                                                                   pathogen distribution               required).
                                                                                                                   throughout the Project area.
•   Loss of significant vegetation    Reinstate an acceptable             Prepare and implement a              •   Rehabilitate any areas          •   Completion criteria
    communities                       abundance, species diversity        rehabilitation program.                  temporarily disturbed for           successfully applied to
•   Loss of DRF, Priority Flora or    and productivity of any                                                      construction in line with           rehabilitation areas.
    EPBC Act listed species           previously vegetated areas                                                   approved completion             •   Monitoring of rehabilitated
                                      disturbed during construction                                                criteria.                           areas to determine
•   Loss of biodiversity              but not required for operation.                                                                                  success
•   Vegetation fragmentation
•   Loss of biodiversity              Minimise the potential and          •   Prepare and implement an         •   No significant fire events as   •   Fire events reported and
•   Vegetation fragmentation          consequence of a fire event             Emergency Management                 a result of the Project.            recorded in the incident
                                      occurring.                              Plan to limit the risk of                                                reporting system.
                                                                              inadvertent fire ignition.




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6.       KEY CONTROL MEASURES

A series of control measures have been established to address the potential impacts related to vegetation and flora
management that could arise during the construction of the Project. The control measures directly address the EPA
objectives and OPR management strategies set out in the Project PER and detailed in Section 5 of this plan. The
control measures for vegetation and flora are detailed in Table 6-1 below.
As part of the implementation of control measures as detailed in this plan, a number of procedures and systems will
be employed in order to govern and manage the requirements during construction. In particular, the following key
systems will be utilised for managing on site compliance and monitoring
    • Ground Disturbance System
     •   Clearing Control System
     •   Conservation Significant Flora Register
     •   Hygiene Program and Weed Control Program
     •   Incident Reporting System and Emergency Program
The registers implemented on the Project will interface with the Project GIS database to provide a comprehensive
database of the key vegetation and flora values across the Project site. The Ground Disturbance and Clearing
Control Systems will work in coordination to control all Project construction activities in order to ensure construction
activities only occur within designated areas.
Details of the structure and relationship of these systems is provided in Appendix C.




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Table 6-1: Control measures for vegetation and flora
OPR Management               Control
                                          Control Measures                                                     Responsibility        Timing       Monitoring
Objective                    Measure ID
Protect conservation         RCV1         Vegetation clearing will occur within clearly defined boundaries     Construction        Design     &   Ground Disturbance Permit
significant vegetation and                                                                                     Manager             Construction   system
flora.                                                                                                                                            Conservation   Significant
                                                                                                                                                  Flora Register
                             RCV2         All conservation significant locations will be avoided where         Project Engineer,   Design     &   Ground Disturbance Permit
                                          possible and will be visually marked with restricted access          Construction        Construction   system
                                                                                                               Manager                            Conservation   Significant
                                                                                                                                                  Flora Register
                             RCV3         Throughout the freehold area native vegetation will not be           Project Engineer,   Design     &   Ground Disturbance Permit
                                          cleared except for the purposes of the rail alignment and            Construction        Construction   system
                                          access tracks where alternative routes are not practical             Manager
                             RCV4         The rail alignment will be restricted to an average disturbance      Project Engineer,   Design     &   Ground Disturbance Permit
                                          width of 100 m in width when it passes through areas of native       Construction        Construction   system
                                          vegetation in the freehold area                                      Manager
                             RCV5         PECs will be avoided and a 50 m buffer will be put in place          Project Engineer,   Design     &   Ground Disturbance Permit
                                          around these areas                                                   Construction        Construction   system
                                                                                                               Manager
                             RCV6         The impact on active creek beds will be minimised through the        Project Engineer,   Design     &   Refer to Surface Water
                                          use of bridges and culverts, to help protect riparian vegetation.    Construction        Construction   Management        Plan
                                                                                                               Manager                            (SWMP)
                             RCV7         All proposed disturbance areas that are to be located outside        Environment         Design     &   Significant vegetation and
                                          of the Study area will be surveyed for all potential TEC, PEC,       Manager             Construction   flora surveys
                                          DRF and Priority Species to the same level as the remainder                                             Conservation    Significant
                                          of the Study area.                                                                                      Flora Register
                                          The results of these surveys will be used to perform the same
                                          vegetation and flora impact assessments as performed for the
                                          PER.
                             RCV8         All final proposed disturbance areas will be subject to detailed     Environment         Design     &   Significant vegetation and
                                          targeted surveys for DRF and the following Priority Flora            Manager             Construction   flora surveys


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OPR Management        Control
                                   Control Measures                                                  Responsibility     Timing       Monitoring
Objective             Measure ID
                                   species prior to disturbance:                                                                     Conservation     Significant
                                       •     Chamelaucium sp. Yalgoo (P1)                                                            Flora Register
                                       •     Eremophila sp. Tallering (P1)
                                       •     Goodenia lyrata (P1)
                                       •     Gunniopsis divisa (P1)
                                       •     Harperia ferruginipes (P1)
                                       •     Petrophile vana (P1)
                                       •     Ptilotus tetrandrus (P1)
                                       •     Eremophila arachnoids subsp. Arachnoids (P3)
                                       •     Homalocalyx echinulatus (P3)
                                       •     Tecticornia cymbiformis (P3)
                                       •     Thryptomene sp. Moresby Range (P3)
                                       •     Thryptomene sp. Wandana (P3)
                                   The survey information will be included in OPR databases and
                                   documentation to ensure that OPR will not disturb beyond the
                                   areas approved in the PER.
                      RCV9         Significant disturbance (>5% of remaining species) of these       Environment      Design     &   Ground Disturbance Permit
                                   species will be avoided throughout the design and construction    Manager          Construction   system
                                   phases where practicable. Where significant disturbance is                                        Conservation   Significant
                                   unavoidable, OPR will liaise with DEC prior to disturbance.                                       Flora Register
                      RCV10        OPR will report the results of further vegetation and flora       Environment      Design     &   Significant vegetation and
                                   studies to the EPA in accordance with approval conditions         Manager          Construction   flora surveys
                                                                                                                                     Correspondence records
                                                                                                                                     Conservation    Significant
                                                                                                                                     Flora Register
                      RCV11        Stockpiled vegetation and topsoil will be stored away from        Construction     Construction   Ground Disturbance Permit
                                   water courses to prevent sedimentation                            Manager                         system
                      RCV12        There will be no unauthorised access to constraint areas          Construction     Construction   Ground Disturbance Permit
                                   including areas of conservation significance                      Manager                         system


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OPR Management              Control
                                         Control Measures                                                     Responsibility        Timing       Monitoring
Objective                   Measure ID
                                                                                                                                                 Conservation     Significant
                                                                                                                                                 Flora Register
                            RCV13        A Conservation Significant Flora Register will be maintained         Environment         Design     &   Conservation     Significant
                                         throughout Project activities which will include information such    Manager             Construction   Flora Register
                                         as distribution, abundance and relevant biological information
Minimise the extent of      RCV14        Required clearing will be minimised, for example:                    Project Engineer,   Design     &   Ground Disturbance Permit
native         vegetation                •   Material from cut rail sections will be used where               Construction        Construction   system
disturbance required for                     practicable in preference to material sourced from borrow        Manager
construction.                                pits to minimise clearing
                                         •   Pre-disturbed areas will be used wherever possible for
                                             temporary infrastructure
                            RCV15        A clearing control system will be implemented to restrict the        Construction        Construction   Ground Disturbance Permit
                                         number and extent of cleared areas to the minimum needed             Manager,                           system
                                         for safe and efficient implementation of the Project. The            Environment                        Clearing Control System
                                         system shall include                                                 Manager
                                         •   checks that clearing requirements are consistent with
                                             approvals
                                         •   Geographical Information System information identifying
                                             significant flora, fauna and heritage locations will be kept
                                             on an Environmental Constraints database for use when
                                             planning Project activities
                                         •   a communication and approval system that requires
                                             Management signoff
                                         •   specifications for clearing
                            RCV16        Off road traversing of vehicles will be prohibited unless            Construction        Construction   Internal          approval
                                         authorised by the Site Environmental Coordinator and will only       Manager, Site                      documents
                                         be permitted in areas with appropriate statutory approvals in        Environmental
                                         place.                                                               Coordinator
                            RCV17        Monitoring of vegetation health will be undertaken to ensure         Site                Construction   Refer to SWMP
                                         that surface hydrology management measures are suitable.             Environmental
                                                                                                              Coordinator



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OPR Management               Control
                                          Control Measures                                                     Responsibility     Timing       Monitoring
Objective                    Measure ID
                             RCV18        ‘Environmental’ culverts will be installed in areas of sheetflow     Construction     Design and     Refer to SWMP
                                          to minimise impacts to sheetflow dependant vegetation such           Manager          Construction
                                          as Mulga woodland. Refer to the SWMP for more information.
Control the introduction     RCV19        Weed assessments will be made along the Project area prior           Environment      Construction   Hygiene Program
and spread of weed and                    to significant ground disturbance. The assessments will              Manager
pathogen species and                      continue on a regular basis and include reviews of hygiene
protect unaffected areas                  controls and weed risks for all clearing and rehabilitation
from invasion of exotic                   activities.
noxious weeds or potential
pathogens.                   RCV20        Movement of topsoil between sites where declared or                  Construction     Construction   Hygiene Program
                                          significant weeds or pathogens could be spread to new                Manager
                                          locations will be restricted.
                             RCV21        Machinery hygiene procedures will be implemented to manage           Construction     Construction   Hygiene Program
                                          the risks of weed and pathogen introduction and export to and        Manager
                                          from the site.
                             RCV22        All ground engaging equipment will be required to arrive on          Construction     Construction   Hygiene Program
                                          site clean of plant and soil material from other sites or hygiene    Manager
                                          work areas.
                             RCV23        Vehicles will be inspected at random and contract clauses will       Site             Construction   Hygiene Program
                                          ensure that dirty equipment is compliant with the system.            Environmental
                                                                                                               Coordinator
                             RCV24        Ground disturbance hygiene areas will include different              Construction     Construction   Hygiene Program
                                          hygiene work areas according to weed and pathogen risks.             Manager                         Weed Control Program
                             RCV25        The majority of the weed control effort will be at the boundary      Construction     Construction   Hygiene Program
                                          of the pastoral area due to the low concentration of weeds           Manager                         Weed Control Program
                                          within these areas.
                             RCV26        Equipment and vehicles used in a weed or pathogen risk area          Construction     Construction   Hygiene Program
                                          shall be cleaned down and a weed/pathogen inspection form            Manager                         Weed Control Program
                                          completed before the equipment is remobilised to other parts
                                          of the Project Area.
                             RCV27        Washdown areas and rumble grids are to be located at key             Construction     Construction   Hygiene Program



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OPR Management                Control
                                           Control Measures                                                     Responsibility     Timing       Monitoring
Objective                     Measure ID
                                           locations.                                                           Manager
                              RCV28        Declared weed identification sheets to be developed, displayed       Site             Construction   Weed Control Program
                                           in site offices and communicated during staff inductions.            Environmental
                                                                                                                Coordinator
                              RCV29        Weed surveys will be conducted as soon as practicable after          Environment      Post-          Weed Control Program
                                           construction to determine whether construction of the Project        Manager          Construction
                                           has increased the population or distribution of weeds. If
                                           determined that the Project has caused an increase in the
                                           population or distribution of weeds corrective actions (spraying,
                                           removal etc) will occur after consultation with relevant
                                           government authorities and weed experts as to the preferred
                                           course of action.
Reinstate an acceptable       RCV30        Records of the areas and prescriptions used for clearing and         Environment      Construction   Ground Disturbance Permit
abundance,          species                rehabilitation will be maintained in a Rehabilitation Register.      Manager                         system
diversity and productivity                                                                                                                      Rehabilitation Register
of      any      previously
vegetated areas disturbed     RCV31        Rehabilitation prescriptions will be developed for different         Environment      Construction   Ground Disturbance Permit
during construction but not                vegetation types and soil types to include local native species,     Manager                         system
required for operation.                    with seed. A Construction Rehabilitation Management Plan will                                        Rehabilitation Register
                                           be prepared and implemented in consultation with the
                                           landowners.
                              RCV32        Temporary construction areas will be rehabilitated as soon as        Construction     Construction   Ground Disturbance Permit
                                           practicable after construction.                                      Manager                         system
                                                                                                                                                Rehabilitation Register
                              RCV33        Completion criteria and monitoring methods will be developed         Environment      Construction   Ground Disturbance Permit
                                           for the assessment of rehabilitation progress                        Manager                         system
                                                                                                                                                Rehabilitation Register
                              RCV34        Topsoil management procedures will ensure that suitable              Construction     Construction   Ground Disturbance Permit
                                           topsoil and cleared vegetation is salvaged and stored for use        Manager                         system
                                           in rehabilitation
                              RCV35        Direct seeding and/or planting will be undertaken to stabilise       Environment      Construction   Ground Disturbance Permit
                                           surfaces and integrate landforms into the surrounding                Manager                         system


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OPR Management               Control
                                          Control Measures                                                    Responsibility      Timing       Monitoring
Objective                    Measure ID
                                          landscape and ecosystems                                                                             Rehabilitation Register
                             RCV36        Initial clearing will occur as close as practicable to first        Construction      Construction   Ground Disturbance Permit
                                          construction activities                                             Manager                          system
Minimise the potential and   RCV37        An Emergency Response Management Plan will be prepared              Construction      Construction   Incident reporting system
consequence of a fire                     and implemented to limit the risk of inadvertent fire ignition.     Manager, Safety
event occurring                                                                                               Manager
                             RCV38        The Emergency Response Management Plan will include                 Construction      Construction   Incident reporting system
                                          controls regarding vehicle movement and maintenance,                Manager, Safety
                                          firebreaks, fire restrictions, fire fighting equipment, hot work    Manager
                                          procedures and training.




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7.     MONITORING

Monitoring and reporting of performance indicators will be undertaken to determine the impact of the Rail Project on
vegetation and flora.
Any incident or public complaint will be managed through OPR EMS incident reporting and investigation protocols.
The monitoring associated with the VFMP will be continuous throughout the construction phase of the Project, with
the registers and systems developed and implemented prior to the start of construction. All new contractor packages
will need to address the registers and systems detailed within this plan prior to mobilisation with monitoring
undertaken continuously in coordination with Site Supervisors and Construction Manager.
Monitoring requirements are summarised below in Table 7-1.
Table 7-1        Summary of Monitoring
 OPR Management Objective            Monitoring Requirement                                 Responsibility
                                     Maintain a Conservation Significant Flora Register     Environment Manager
                                     containing information on:
                                     •   Locations of recorded Flora
                                     •   Locations of completed surveys, and those
                                         still outstanding
                                     •   Number of Priority Flora plants disturbed, and
                                         proposed to be disturbed
                                     •   Regularly updated calculations regarding the
                                         impact to Priority Flora in comparison to the
                                         species’ total population.
                                     •   Relevant biological information

 Protect conservation significant    Maintain the Ground Disturbance Permit system to
 vegetation and flora.               assess and record proposed clearing to ensure
                                     compliance with OPR’s vegetation and flora
                                     constraints. Information specific to conservation
                                     significant vegetation and flora will include:
                                     •    Calculations of the amount of native
                                          vegetation clearing in the freehold area, and
                                          an assessment of the impact to each
                                          vegetation association
                                     •    Calculations of the amount of clearing of
                                          significant vegetation units in the pastoral
                                          area, and an assessment of the impact to
                                          each vegetation unit
                                     •    Constraints mapping, with all ‘off-limit’ areas
                                          marked
                                     Maintain the Ground Disturbance Permit system to       Environment Manager
                                     provide a review and approval process for all
                                     proposed clearing, and data that can be used to
                                     ensure disturbance totals are not exceeded
 Minimise the extent of native
 vegetation disturbance required     Monitor sheetflow dependent and riparian
 for construction and operation of   vegetation health downslope of the Project
 the Project.                        annually following each wet season, or following a
                                     significant dry season rainfall event.

                                     Monitor surface water impacts in accordance with
                                     OPR’s SWMP



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 OPR Management Objective            Monitoring Requirement                                 Responsibility
                                     Maintain the Hygiene Program such that the             Site     Environmental
 Control the introduction and        following information is recorded:                     Coordinator
 spread of weed and pathogen         •    Inspection reports for random weed/pathogen
 species and protect unaffected           inspections
 areas from invasion of exotic       •    Records       of   weed/pathogen      hygiene
 noxious weeds or potential               certificates for all earthmoving equipment
 pathogens.                               arriving on site
                                     •    Data recorded during weed/pathogen surveys
                                     Maintain the Ground Disturbance Permit system to       Site     Environmental
                                     record areas that will require rehabilitation, and     Coordinator
                                     also record those areas that have already been
                                     rehabilitated.
 Reinstate      an     acceptable
 abundance, species diversity        Maintain the Rehabilitation Register and record
 and     productivity    of    any   the following information:
 previously    vegetated     areas   •    Hectares rehabilitated
 disturbed during construction but   •    Identification of new areas available for
 not required for operation.              rehabilitation to commence
                                     •    Inspections of rehabilitation success at
                                          completed rehabilitation areas
                                     •    Location and size of topsoil storage areas
                                     Monitor the success of fire prevention and             Safety Manager
 Minimise the potential and          response strategies.
 consequence of a fire event
 occurring                           Records of all fire incidents will be stored as part
                                     of the Incident Register



8.       CON TINGENCIES

Through the monitoring requirements and associated systems and registers as defined in Section 7, any actual or
potential non-conformance will be detected via regular reviews and inspections. In the event the proposed
management controls do not meet the set targets, the following will occur:
     •   OPR will consult with DEC and field specialists regarding refinements to the VFMP;
     •   The VFMP will be revised as needed and its effectiveness monitored.
Contingency actions will be initiated where performance indicators have not been met. This will include informing all
relevant parties and personnel. Contingency actions may involve supplementary monitoring to identify the source of
the non-compliance, and may involve revising existing construction practices to minimise and prevent future
occurrences.
Incidents will be reported and recorded using the EMS Incident and Non-conformance Report Form by the Site
Environmental Coordinator.
Contingency management actions are summarised in Table 8-1.
Table 8-1: Contingency management actions for vegetation and flora
 Performance Indicator          Contingency action                                                   Responsibility


 Use of and compliance with     If non-compliance occurs:                                            Site



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 Performance Indicator         Contingency action                                                   Responsibility

 the Ground Disturbance        •   Raise as an incident under OPR’s EMS                             Environmental
 Permit system.                                                                                     Coordinator
                               •   Stop work until clearing area defined

                               •   Review Ground Disturbance Permit process to determine
                                   cause of non-compliance

                               •   Assess if the incident caused any impacts to significant
                                   vegetation and flora.

                               •   If significant, report to DEC and commence rehabilitation

                               •   Address cause to ensure likelihood of the incident occurring
                                   again is minimised

                               •   Report incident to relevant government authorities if required

                               If non-compliance occurs:

                               •   Raise as an incident under OPR’s EMS
                               •   Perform     immediate      inspection    of    non-complaint
                                   vehicle/equipment.
 Compliance with Hygiene       •   If weed seeds identified, determine species and assess           Site
 Program.                          potential for significant impact                                 Environmental
                                                                                                    Coordinator
                               •   Perform weed surveys of potentially impacted area and
                                   perform eradication methods if new weeds found

                               •   Review weed Hygiene Program to ensure likelihood of the
                                   incident occurring again is minimised

                               •   Report incident to relevant government authorities if required

                               If weed/pathogen survey results show that weeds/pathogens are
                               increasing in numbers or distribution throughout the Project area
                               then an assessment will be undertaken as to whether the results
                               are typical of weed/pathogen infestation in the region (i.e. not
                               caused by the Project)
                               If determined to be caused by the Project then the following
                               actions will occur:
 Weed survey results.
                               •   Review hygiene procedures to determine any potential             Environment
 Pathogen survey results (if       causes                                                           Manager
 required)
                               •   Assess the appropriate course of action in consultation with
                                   the regional DEC office and/or landholders.

                               •   Implement     stricter   weed/pathogen    controls    (more
                                   inspections, greater presence at weed checkpoints etc)

                               •   Amend hygiene procedures as required

                               •   Report incident to relevant government authorities if required

 Completion criteria           If rehabilitation in an area is deemed to be unsuccessful then the   Site
 successfully applied to       following actions will occur:                                        Environmental
 rehabilitation areas                                                                               Coordinator
                               •   Assess if rehabilitation occurred according to the Ground



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 Performance Indicator           Contingency action                                                    Responsibility

                                      Disturbance Permit and Rehabilitation Register conditions
 Monitoring of rehabilitated
 areas to determine success      •    Determine potential reasons for the lack of rehabilitation
                                      success, utilising expert advice as required

                                 •    Take the necessary actions required to address the lack of
                                      success

                                 •    Make changes to rehabilitation procedures as required to
                                      minimise the likelihood of reoccurrence.

                                 If there is a decline in sheetflow dependent vegetation health, the
                                 following actions will occur:

                                 •    Investigate potential cause of sheetflow restriction.

                                 •    Repair any damaged environmental culverts or remove              Construction
 Sheetflow dependant
                                      blockages as required.                                           Manager      and
 vegetation health
                                                                                                       Environmental
 monitoring.                     •    If cause is determined to be due to inadequate design of         Manager
                                      drainage facilities, additional environmental culverts will be
                                      installed to reinstate sheetflow regimes.

                                 •    Continue targeted monitoring in the affected area to confirm
                                      the success of implemented actions.

 Fire events reported and        Fire events will be considered to be significant health and safety
 recorded in the incident        incidents and as such contingency actions will be determined by       Safety Manager
 reporting system.               OPR’s Emergency Response Management Plan




For all non-conformances a report will be provided to the Site Supervisor, contractor and Contracts Manager detailing
the reason for the non-conformance and resolutions adopted.


9.     REPOR TING

OPR may be required to report on the results of some of the management controls contained in this VFMP as part of
the overall Ministerial approval reporting requirements (Table 9-1).
Incidents will be reported and recorded using the EMS Incident and Non-conformance Report Form. These forms
will be documented in the Incident Register and will be reported to the relevant authorities in OPR’s Annual
Environmental Report. The report will also include details about the success of significant flora avoidance, relocation
and monitoring.
In the case of a significant vegetation and/or flora incident, the Environmental Manager will contact DEC within 24
hours and information about the incident will be provided.




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Table 9-1: Summary of Reporting
                                                                 Reporting                 Responsibility
 Report               Details
                                                                 Frequency

                                                                                           Prepared by Construction
 Ground               Details of vegetation areas cleared                                  Manager and Site
 Disturbance          over the previous month, and an            Monthly                   Environmental Coordinator
 Report               update on the total cleared                                          Review by Environment
                                                                                           Manager

                                                                                           Prepared by Construction
 Rehabilitation                                                                            Manager and Site
 Register             Details of areas rehabilitated             Monthly                   Environmental Coordinator
 Summary Report                                                                            Review by Environment
                                                                                           Manager

                      Details of any impacts to DRF, PF,
                      PEC,       sheetflow      dependent                                  Prepared by Construction
                      vegetation or significant vegetation       Reported to relevant      Manager and Site
                      associations that have not been            government                Environmental Coordinator
 Incident Reports
                      approved.                                  authority     following
                                                                 significant incident.     Review by Environment
                      Details of non compliance with the                                   Manager
                      hygiene program.


                      Annual overview of summary                                           Prepared by Site
 Annual                                                                                    Environmental Coordinator
                      reports listed above and overall           Annually, submitted
 Environmental
                      compliance with vegetation and             to DEC                    Review by Environment
 Review
                      flora conditions.                                                    Manager




10. AUDITI NG & REVIEW

10.1                Auditing
This VFMP will be audited (both internally and externally) in accordance with OPR overall EMS auditing regime. The
auditing will ensure compliance with VFMP commitments, the OPR EMS and procedures. Internal auditing will focus
on reviewing non-conformance reports, systems and registers and the control measures register (via the EMS). An
Audit report will be produced every 6 months detailing the outcomes of the audit including:
    •     Completeness of implementation of systems, databases and registers
    •     Integration of approvals systems with Procurement, Contracting and Construction
    •     Compliance with commitments and control measures
    •     Recommendations of changed and follow up actions




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10.2             Review & Re vision
Any non-conformances identified through the monitoring or auditing procedures will be assessed to determine if
changes to the VFMP will be required. The review will follow on from an audit and audit report to determine if any
non-conformances are the result of inadequacy of the management plans and EMS systems and processes. Details
of the review program for all EMPs are detailed in the OPR EMS with regular 6 monthly reviews scheduled to align to
the audit schedule.

11. RELATED PLANS

This FVMP has control measures and potential impacts that are more closely managed by the following related
management plans (Table 11-1). Specific details of potential impacts and control measures are outlined in the
associated EMPs.
Table 11-1: Related Management Plans
 Related Management Plan                           Associated Potential Impacts

 Emergency Response Management Plan                Limit the risk of inadvertent fire ignition.

 Hazardous     Materials   and    Contamination
                                                   Spills or contamination that may affect plant health.
 Management Plan
                                                   Impacts to groundwater quantity and quality available to
 Groundwater Management Plan                       vegetation and flora.
                                                   The impacts of changes to surface water flows on vegetation and
 Surface Water Management Plan                     flora.




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12. REFERENCES

Department of Agriculture and Food (2009) Declared Plants search: online,
       http://agspsrv95.agric.wa.gov.au/dps/version02/01plantsearch.asp.
DEC (2009) Geographic Data Atlas, [online] available: http://www.water.wa.gov.au/idelve/dowdataext/index.jsp,
       Department of Environment and Conservation, Western Australia.

DEWHA (2008) Map produced from data from Collaborative Australian Protected Areas Database. Protection Levels
      of        Subregions.                 Retrieved        16th         December         2009,         from
      http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/nrs/science/pubs/map13.pdf

ecologia Environment (2009) OPR Rail Project Vegetation and Flora Assessment. Unpublished Report for OPR Pty
         Ltd.

OPR (2010) Public Environmental Review, report prepared for EPA.




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                              Rail Development - Construction - Vegetation & Flora Management



APPENDIX A: EMS STRUCTURE

                                              OPR Environmental Management System



                                                    OPR Environmental Policy


                                                      Environmental Objectives
                                                             & Targets


                                                      Register of Environmental
     Port Marine     Port                            Factors & Potential Impacts                                      Rail PER
                   Landside
                     PER
                                                       Register of Management
                                                        Strategies (Proposed
                                                            Management)


                                           Legislative Database        Aspects & Impacts


                                                                                                     Construction              Operation
                                                      Construction & Operation                     Management Plans         Management Plans
                                                        Management Plan
                                                                                                      Surface Water          Noise & Vibration

                                                                                                      Groundwater
                                                                        Construction Procedures
                                       Commitments Register                   & Induction           Vegetation & Flora

                                                                                                          Fauna


                                                        Monitoring Plans and
                                                       Contingency Procedures



                                                         Document Control &
                                                             Reporting




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APPENDIX B: DEFINITIONS OF PRIORITY FLORA SPECIES


Definition of Declared Rare and Priority Flora Categories (Department of Environment and Conservation)

DRF
Declared Rare Flora‐Extant Taxa.
Taxa which have been adequately searched for and are deemed to be in the wild either rare, in danger of extinction,
or otherwise in need of special protection, and have been gazetted as such.

P1: Priority One
Poorly Known Taxa.
Taxa which are known from one or a few (generally <5) populations which are under threat, either due to small
population size, or being on lands under immediate threat, e.g. road verges, urban areas, farmland, active mineral
leases, etc., or the plants are under threat, e.g. from disease, grazing by feral animals, etc. May include taxa with
threatened populations on protected lands. Such taxa are under consideration for declaration as 'rare flora', but are in
urgent need of further survey.

P2: Priority Two
Poorly Known Taxa.
Taxa which are known from one or a few (generally <5) populations, at least some of which are not believed to be
under immediate threat (i.e. not currently endangered). Such taxa are under consideration for declaration as 'rare
flora', but are in urgent need of further survey.

P3: Priority Three
Poorly Known Taxa.
Taxa which are known from several populations, and the taxa are not believed to be under immediate threat (i.e. not
currently endangered), either due to the number of known populations (generally >5), or known populations being
large, and either widespread or protected. Such taxa are under consideration for declaration as 'rare flora' but are in
need of further survey.

P4: Priority Four
Rare Taxa.
Taxa which are considered to have been adequately surveyed and which, whilst being rare (in Australia), are not
currently threatened by any identifiable factors. These taxa require monitoring every 5‐10 years.




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                                        Rail Development - Construction - Vegetation & Flora Management




APPENDIX C: OPR EMS SYSTEMS AND REGISTERS

                                                             EMS
                                             Construction & Operation Procedures


                                                                                                Environmental/Heritage
                                                                                                   Assets Database
       Compliance Database
                                                           Ground Disturbance                    Environmental Constraints Register
     Commitments Compliance Register                           Procedure
                                                                                                     Cons Significant Flora Register
         Control Measure Register                                  GDP Permitting

                                                                                                       Significant Fauna Register


                                                                                                     Cultural Heritage Register
                                                       Contractor Compliance
                                                       Management Program

                                                               Contractor Environmental
     Compliance Reporting                                            Specification
           System
                                                                 Contractor Evaluation                  GIS System
        Contractor Reporting
                                                          Contractor Mobilisation Management




                                    Compliance Tracking
                                                                                                     Incident Reporting (Safety)
                     Hygiene Program                 Air Quality Monitoring Program

                    Weed Control Program                                                                 Incident Reporting System
                                                    Surface Water Monitoring Program

                 Clearing Control Register                                                                      Incident Program
                                                    Groundwater Monitoring Program

                  Rehabilitation Register                                                                      Emergency Program
                                                       Noise Monitoring Program




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