Clyde Wind Farm by dfsiopmhy6


									Clyde Wind Farm
Clyde Wind Farm
Company Overview
Airtricity is the renewable energy development division of Scottish and Southern Energy
(SSE). The company has responsibility for the development of onshore and offshore
wind farms in the UK, Ireland, Europe and Asia as well as developing hydro and marine

Airtricity was acquired by SSE in February 2008 and the combined Airtricity / SSE team
have developed 40 new wind farms across Europe and North America resulting in over
1500MW, making it a leading wind farm developer. The company’s goal is to protect
the future of our planet by delivering renewable energy with passion, innovation and

Project Overview
The consented £600m wind farm at Clyde is located between Biggar and Moffat and is
divided by the M74 motorway running between Abington, Elvanfoot and Crawford in
South Lanarkshire. The site occupies approximately 47.5sq km of farmland, consisting
mainly of permanent grassland currently used for sheep grazing and areas of
commercial forestry. Just over 1% of this land will be used for the infrastructure itself.

Project Details
• 152 wind turbines with a maximum total generation capacity of up to 456MW

• Enough energy to power over 200,000 households

• Will make an important contribution towards the Scottish Government’s
  target to provide 50% of Scotland’s electricity from renewables by 2020.

• Work is planned to commence in early 2009 and will be completed over 3 years,
  with turbine delivery starting early 2010.

• The wind farm has an operational life of 25 years. At the end of its life, the turbines
  will be dismantled and removed from the site or an application will be submitted to
  retain or replace the existing wind turbines.
Site Selection
The wind farm site is regarded as a good location due to a combination of the following

• High wind speed

• Close proximity to available grid capacity

• Turbines can be sited in compliance with government guidelines on noise limits

• Location beside the M74 minimises impacts relating to construction traffic

• Impacts on internationally and nationally designated sites of landscape or ecological
  value are avoided

• Location is within an existing corridor of development.

Grid Connection
Grid capacity is already available and the wind farm will be connected to the national
grid at the Elvanfoot substation. This significantly reduces potential environmental
impacts associated with installation of the grid connection cabling.

  Drawing by the pupils of St. Andrew’s Academy, Saltcoats, as part of “The Dynamite Project”, 2004.
Why Do We Need Renewable Energy?
The Need for Change
Global climate change is widely recognised as being one of the greatest environmental
challenges facing the world today. For example, there is evidence that recent
European heat waves have been influenced by global warming. In addition, the number
of people affected by floods worldwide has already risen from seven million in the
1960s to 150 million today.

One of the principal causes of climate change is a rise in the concentration of CO2 in
the atmosphere, a major contributor being the use of fossil fuels to generate electricity.

Whilst energy is vital to a modern economy, the UK is now a net importer of oil and our
own energy supplies continue to decline. A reliance on imported energy may make us
more vulnerable to price fluctuations and interruptions to supply caused by political
instability or conflict in other parts of the world.

Meeting the Challenge
Renewable energy is playing an essential role in reducing fossil fuel consumption,
thereby reducing the emission of greenhouse gases.

The UK is the windiest country in Europe, with Scotland alone having 25% of the
European wind resource. The cost of generating electricity from wind has fallen
dramatically over the past few years. At present, wind energy is the most cost effective
renewable energy technology available. A mix of both onshore and offshore wind
energy will be needed to meet the UK’s challenging targets on climate change.

Economic Benefits
• The project will, at its peak, each year provide 200-250 jobs during the
  construction phase. The construction phase will be three years. At least
  4 to 8 full-time jobs will be created for the operation of the wind farm and
  a further 23 full-time equivalent jobs to undertake maintenance and
  operational checks.

• The project will cost up to £600M to construct, of which, over £300M of the
  investment will be placed with Scottish companies. It is Airtricity’s policy to
  encourage local companies to tender for such work. The company currently holds a
  register of local companies wishing to tender for work and it will liaise with these
  companies prior to the start of the construction.

• Airtricity is setting up a Community Fund to enable local communities to
  benefit from the operation of the wind farm.
Consent Process
The application was accompanied by an Environmental Statement (ES). During the
consultation period for the application, this document was available for public viewing at
a number of locations. The ES outlined the results of a series of studies that assessed
the potential environmental impacts of the project and, where possible, suggested
measures to avoid, reduce or minimise these impacts.

Approval for the development is granted by the Scottish Government, in conjunction
with a number of “statutory consultees” including South Lanarkshire Council.

Consultation Process
The Environmental Statement (ES) was prepared over two years and included
considerable consultation with over 50 organisations representing environmental and social

Consultation has been used to:

• obtain initial feedback on the wind farm proposal

• identify key concerns

• collect existing environmental information about the site and its surroundings

• agree survey methodologies

• review survey findings and impact predictions

• discuss opportunities for scheme modifications and additional mitigation and
  environmental enhancement measures.

Airtricity also organised a series of public consultation events in Abington, Crawford,
Roberton, Crawfordjohn, and Wiston. Further public consultation took place following
submission of the application for consent.

Drawing by the pupils of St. Andrew’s Academy, Saltcoats, as part of “The Dynamite Project”, 2004.
Wind Farm Design
The design strategy for the wind farm has been
discussed with both the Royal Fine Arts
Commission for Scotland and Scottish Natural

The design of the wind farm takes into account
the profile and form of the land when viewed
from the surrounding area. The access tracks
that serve the turbines have also been routed to
follow the ridge tops wherever possible in order
to minimise their visibility in the surrounding

The layout also incorporates the relocation or
removal of turbines and access tracks as well
as other components in order to:

• reduce visual impacts from key viewpoints

• reduce noise impacts on residential

• increase distances from watercourses

• avoid key habitats of nature conservation
  interest and areas of archaeological interest

• increase distances from bird breeding

• minimise transport impacts.
Questions and Answers
What changes have been made to the proposed wind farm development following
consultation with either the local community or environmental bodies?
In total around 50 changes have been made to the original plan, including the
generation of thirteen new layouts, before the final design scheme was submitted. For
instance, the number of turbines has reduced from 197 turbines to 161, and some of
the turbines have been re-located to minimise impacts on the environment and local

Will the wind farm be noisy?
Modern turbines are designed to minimise noise and it is possible to have a normal
conversation at the base of a turbine without having to raise your voice. Noise levels
will fall within the Government’s recommended maximum absolute noise levels. During
construction, there will obviously be more noise than when the site is operational, but
hours of working will be restricted to those agreed with South Lanarkshire Council.

Will there be disturbance to wildlife?
Throughout the project, all guidelines and licence requirements will be adhered to. The
construction programme will take into account the times of year (or day) when certain
species are particularly sensitive to disturbance, for example, when birds are breeding.
In addition, proposals for habitat enhancement and management, such as broad-leaved
woodland planting and restoration of heathland, continue to be discussed with the
landowners, Scottish Natural Heritage and the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.
An ecologist will also be on site during construction.

Will our cultural heritage be disturbed?
The ridge-tops on which the wind farm will be located generally lie above the altitude
reached by past cultivation and settlement. The design of the wind farm layout has also
been modified to avoid identified features of archaeological interest.

With adoption of the proposed mitigation measures, including archaeological monitoring
during construction, no significant impacts on remaining sites or undiscovered buried
remains are predicted.

Will traffic be significantly increased?
Access to the site for construction traffic will be via eight access points located around
the site. The ‘worst case scenario’ suggests that increases are not significant given the
existing levels of traffic on the roads.
For more information, please contact:

Airtricity Developments (UK) Ltd
16 Robertson Street,
Glasgow, G2 8DS
Tel: 0141 221 7877
Fax: 0141 248 9424

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