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									        U TC
          TC                                           C ONN ECTOR

          Urban Transportation Center at the University of Illinois at Chicago

 Volume 4, Issue 2                              UTC Reports Transportation
    Spring 2003
                                               Clearinghouse Survey Results
                         In the spring, UTC                                                      RESULTS
                       tabulated the first-year        locations and/or during
 A Message from        results of the research for     time periods of time when      Staggered hours       30%
   the Director        its contract to develop a       work trips cannot be           Compressed week       8%
     page 2            Transportation Information      conveniently made using
                       Clearinghouse (TIC). A key      these traditional providers.   Flextime              29%
                       finding was the low aware-      In the Chicago metropolitan    Preferred parking for 6%
                       ness of the availability of     region, many non-tradi-        car/van pools
    Upcoming           pre-tax transportation          tional transportation
UIC Presentations      benefits among employers.       services operate at times      Employee-paid pre-tax
     page 5            The Regional Transporta-        and in locations that could    benefit               14%
                       tion Authority (RTA), which     provide needed links in the    Employer-paid pre-tax
                       provides funding to the         home/work trips for some       benefit               6%
                       TIC, recognizes the             job seekers.
                       potential to increase transit                                  Emergency ride home   14%
   David Boyce                                           To gather the data for
                       use by expanding their                                         Parking cash out       4%
     Retires                                           the clearinghouse, a pre-
                       “Transit Check” program.
     page 6                                            liminary survey was mailed     Telework              12%
                           The objective of TIC        out to every employer with
                       was to inventory and            at least 50 employees at a
                                                                                      percent manage the benefit
                       document the region’s non-      work site in the eight-
                                                                                      in-house and about 40
                       public/non-traditional          county greater Chicago
Fall Transportation                                                                   percent utilize the RTA
                       transportation services and     region. In all, more than
                                                                                      program. The remaining
    Conference:        develop a plan to assimilate    14,000 employers were
                                                                                      employers use a wide
Circumferential Rail   this information into a         surveyed.
                                                                                      variety of third-party
       page 7          common database. The TIC
                                                         To date, over 2,000          administrators.
                       is the outcome of a part-
                                                       employers have re-                For employers who
                       nership among the RTA, the
                                                       sponded to the prelimi-        indicated current or
                       Workforce Boards of
                                                       nary survey. Only six          former private
                       Metropolitan Chicago, and
                                                       percent of employers           transportation service, a
                                                       indicated they currently       longer, more detailed
                          The groups determined        or previously provided         questionnaire was
                       that such a project was         transportation services        developed to gain
                       needed because traditional      for their employees. The       operational and financial
                       transportation providers        breakdown of commuter          data as well as why the
                       operate in limited geogra-      benefits offered by            service was implemented.
                       phies and time periods,         respondents is in the chart    To date, over 120
                       while job seekers often         to the right.                  questionnaires have been
                       find opportunities for                                         delivered, with 28
                                                          Of the employers who
                       entry-level employment in
                                                       offer pre-tax benefits, 40     Continued on Page 4

    Urban Transportation
       Center Faculty
           & Staff
                                              MESSAGE FROM THE DIRECTOR
          Sue McNeil, Ph.D.           The spring semester always seems to      I use during an initial screening. First,
            Director, UTC             end with a flurry of activity. Many of   does the applicant have any quantitative
                                      the research assistants are              skills? While we are eager to have students
        Vonu Thakuriah, Ph.D.
         Associate Professor          eagerly anticipating their                         from diverse disciplinary
        Associate Director, UTC       internships or new jobs, and                       backgrounds, urban
                                      there is a lull until the next                     transportation planning uses some
         Joseph DiJohn, MBA           round of deadlines. I can                          basic mathematical models to
           METSI Director
                                      reflect on the semester. This                      represent travel behavior, and
         Research Professor
                                      semester, we reviewed a lot of                     traffic. Second, I look to see if
           Siim Sööt, Ph.D.           graduate applications. There                       the applicant knows anything at all
           Director Emeritus          were over forty applications                       about the transportation
                                      for the new PhD program in                         profession. Everyone is a
        Karin Allen, MS, MBA
                                      Urban Planning and Policy, and                     transportation consumer (even if
       Research Transportation
         Program Manager              over two hundred applications       Sue McNeil they walk or ride a bicycle) but
                                      for masters programs in Urban UTC Director going beyond personal
            Silvia Becerra            Planning and Policy or Civil                       experiences requires more than an
         Program Coordinator          Engineering.                             interest and awareness of the connections
                                         As graduate education is so           between transportation and land use,
            Gabrielle Brown
     Visiting Program Coordinator     important to the goals and objectives of economic development, or the environment.
                                      the Urban Transportation Center, I          For the PhD students, I want to be sure
              Lise Dirks              wanted to share with prospective         that the student knows what they are
       Transportation Research        students, prospective employers,         getting into. This is a commitment. It will
                                      current students, past students and      not always be easy, and it is not a program
       Kazuya Kawamura, Ph.D.         friends what I look for when I read a    for acquiring skills or learning new
         Assistant Professor          graduate application. The typical        material. The PhD is a research program
                                      graduate application for Urban Planning that includes identifying an interesting and
            Jim Kelly, MPA            and Policy includes the application      challenging problem, exploring solution
    Assistant Director for Research
                                      form, a statement of purpose,            strategies, justifying your methodology,
                                      transcripts, a writing sample, and       producing results, and communicating in
        Jung-Taek Lee, Ph.D.          letters of recommendation.               writing and through presentations why this
     Research Assistant Professor        For the Masters of Urban Planning     is an important problem and what your
                                      and Policy (MUPP) applicants who         contributions are. In other words, it is
    Paul Metaxatos, Ph.D. Research
                                      indicate that they are interested in     doing research. You need quantitative,
          Assistant Professor
                                      transportation, I have specific criteria
           Shamus Misek                                                                  Continued on Next Page
       Transportation Research
          Program Manager

                                          UTC Connector
           P.S. Sriraj, Ph.D.                                                                    UTC’s Mission
     Research Assistant Professor                                                     “To understand and improve urban
                                                                                        transportation through creation,
            George Yanos
            Network Analyst                       Volume 4, Issue 2                    application and dissemination of
                                                                                     transportation knowledge while also
           Affiliated Faculty                                                       making use of the Chicago metropolitan
                                       UTC Connector is produced by the                    area as a living laboratory.”
          David Boyce, Ph.D.           Urban Transportation Center at the
     Professor, Department of Civil                                                 The Urban Transportation Center is a
                                       University of Illinois at Chicago.
      and Materials Engineering                                                     research unit within UIC’s College of
                                       Please contact Audrey Wennink at             Urban Planning and Public Affairs
        Peter C. Nelson, Ph.D.
                              with any news or             (CUPPA).
          Professor EECS
        Anthony Pagano, Ph.D.                               Urban Transportation Center (MC 357)
        Associate Professor of                    412 South Peoria Street, Suite 340 ,Chicago, Illinois 60607
         Managerial Studies                                Phone: 312.996.4820 Fax: 312.413.0006

                                             OTHER NEWS
 UTC Staff Coordinate Workshop on Transit Benefits
   The Midwest Chapter of the            Respondents indicated that top three         the “Rideshare Game,” a card game
Association for Commuter                 incentives to participate in a ridesharing   which can be used to educate kids
Transportation, headed by UTC            program are: reduced income taxes,           about the benefits of changing
staffers Shamus Misek and Karin          reduced car insurance, and free              family driving habits.
Allen, in conjunction with the Chicago   guaranteed ride home. The two top               The first afternoon panel
Area Transportation Study (CATS),        employer incentives were free                focused on what steps to take to plan
held a one-day workshop on               guaranteed ride home and pre-tax             events and work with the media. Four
implementing pre-tax commuter choice     carpool/vanpool expenses.                    speakers, including representatives
benefits on February 21, 2003 at the        Tom Vick of CATS presented an             from the meeting planning, media,
CATS offices. More than thirty           update on TEA legislation. A luncheon                 and hotel industry,
attendees from three Midwestern                                                                discussed tips on how to
states heard from Transportation                                                               plan a successful event.
Demand Management experts on                                                                       The final panel was
how to set up a Commuter Choice                                                                composed of three Chicago
program for their organizations.                                                               area organizations that deal
   The morning keynote speaker                                                                 with commuting issues in a
was Phil Winters, TDM Program                                                                  variety of ways. Dee Chigas
Director for the Center of Urban                                                               from BP, Barbara Hayskar
Transportation Research at the                                                                 from the Prairie Stone TMA,
University of South Florida. Phil                                                              and Tim Grzesiakowski from
addressed the issue of why                                                                     Hewitt Associates
employers should consider                                                                      described efforts that their
implementing a Commuter Choice                                                                 organizations use to address
program in spite of a sluggish                                                                 commuting issues in Chicago
economy. He also discussed new                                                                 and around the U.S.
resources to calculate benefits,                                                                  Audience feedback on
the Federal Commuter Tax Benefit,        convening Chicago area TMAs was held         the program was very positive. The
and an evaluation of Transportation      with Phil Winters, and was a first-time      Midwest Chapter has an additional
Management Associations (TMAs).          event for the Chicago area.                  program in Chicago scheduled for
   Ann Ross of CATS presented               The afternoon keynote speaker was         Thursday, October 16, 2003. For
results of the RideShare Survey of       Mark Gorman, National Commute                additional information please contact
Chicago area commuters. Fifty-five       Reduction Manager of Intel Corporation       Shamus Misek or Karin Allen at 312/
percent of respondents indicated they    of Hillsboro, OR. Mark gave an               996-4820.
make a suburb-to-suburb commute.         entertaining presentation on Intel’s
                                         commute reduction efforts, including

                                         they graduate. Woven into this narrative
 Letter from the                         should be clues that tell me that they
                                                                                      tells me about the applicant.
                                                                                      Fortunately, I am not the only
 Director, from page 2                   are committed to transportation, that        person reading applications and
                                         they have done some homework and             each of us may see different things.
qualitative, analytical and              know something about what we do, and         Admission is competitive and
communications skills, intellectual      that either classroom, work or life          resources for financial support are
curiosity, tenacity, motivation, and a   experiences have given them some skills      very tight. However, we want to
reason for giving up three to five       or experiences or knowledge that they        admit and support students who will
years of your life to work on this.      will bring to the program.                   take advantage of the opportunities
   Clearly, for all applicants the           Can I tell from an application if        at UTC.
“Statement of Purpose” is important.     someone will be successful? Can I tell          As you see elsewhere in this
I want the applicant to tell me why      if this is the right program for them?       edition of the UTC Connector, we
they want to join the program, what      Obviously, I cannot. I have to make a        have every right to be proud of our
specific areas they are interested in,   judgment call based on past                  students.
and what they would like to do when      experiences, and what that application

                                CLEARINGHOUSE RESULTS
    continued from p. 1
                                          expanded labor pool. Problems faced      transportation coordinators.
                                          by employers providing                    The second year of the project,
responses received. Responses have
                                          transportation included high cost of     currently underway, will see a
revealed a typology of private
                                          the service, concerns about liability    continuation of data collection
employers who primarily use company-
                                          issues, finding qualified drivers, low   efforts. To address educational
owned-and-operated, fixed-route
                                          participation, and difficulties in       concerns, a series of round-table
service accessible to their employees
                                          getting the service started.             discussions will be held to deliver
only. An overwhelming majority (88
                                           Clearinghouse staff also noted an       the message about commuter
percent) do not share routes with other
                                          unusually high turnover rate for         benefits as well as to garnish
companies, even in cases where
                                          transportation coordinators at           more participation from private
neighboring companies also provide
                                          companies; individuals serving in this   employers in the direction of TIC
transportation service. The providing
                                          capacity do not generally do so as a     activities. TIC staff has and will
companies generally cover the cost of
                                          full-time position. Often,               continue to work with transit
the service without charging their
                                          transportation coordination is           providers, social service
employees for usage.
                                          designated as a small percentage of      agencies, and private employers
 The reasons employers gave for
                                          an individual’s full-time job, and, as   to see where and how
offering transportation service were
                                          a result, historical and operational     coordination efforts could occur,
safety and convenience, company
                                          data has been lost and there is no       and will act to facilitate such
relocation, lack of public
                                          transfer of knowledge from one           coordination in the effort to
transportation, and as a recruitment
                                          coordinator to the next. This may        break down barriers to effective
tool. The benefits of offering
                                          indicate a need to develop a             transportation services for the
transportation included increased
                                          structured operational guideline/        region’s employees.
employee retention, employee
                                          handbook for distribution to regional
appreciation/increased morale, and an

                                            METSI Highlights

Intermodal Freight
                                          the progress of the vehicle on the       fatalities have declined from 272
                                          University website. All buses have       in 1990 to 187 in 2000, or a drop
A proposal to the National Science
                                          the units installed and the              of 31 percent. There is room for
Foundation by Northwestern
                                          demonstration can be viewed at           improvement, however, especially
University and UIC has been selected
                                 The system        in Cook County which accounts
for funding. The project will receive
                                          was formally announced to the            for over 55 percent of the state’s
$600,000 over three years to develop
                                          campus community in February.            fatalities. Its per capita fatality
a decision support tool for freight
                                          While the project is still in the        rate is 50 percent higher than the
infrastructure planning and operation.
                                          testing phase, staff have been           statewide rate. The study also
The UTC team will contribute in the
                                          obtaining users’ input on the website    shows that there seems to be a
areas of cost and benefit calculations
                                          and planning changes accordingly.        climate effect, with a high
and coordination of stakeholders.
                                                                                   association between fatality
                                          Pedestrian Safety                        rates and the latitude of the
UIC Campus Shuttle Program
                                                                                   county. This corresponds with
                                          UTC has completed its research on
                                                                                   national studies that show higher
UIC is developing a real time traveler    pedestrian safety in Illinois. The
                                                                                   fatality rates in southern
information system for the UIC            report highlights the statewide
Campus Shuttle service that identifies    improvements in pedestrian traffic
the current location of the shuttle bus   safety, as the annual number of
via GPS location technology and maps
                                                                                      continued on page 8

                                             OTHER NEWS
                UTC Students and Faculty Present Research

Transportation Research Board           UIC Conference on the Environment Posters
Annual Meeting, January 12 – 16,        April 9-10, 2003
2003, Washington, D.C.                                                    Jeromie Winsor, Internet
                                        Siim Sööt, Urban Sprawl Changing  Communities of Practice for
Sue McNeil ,The Application of          Impacts on the Urban Environment  Transportation Professionals
Nondestructive Evaluation to Subway
Tunnel Systems                          Paul Metaxatos, Changes in Spatial     Norma, Pena-Rivera, An Alternative
                                        Distribution of Mobile Source          Taxonomy for Planning Support
Sue McNeil, Michael J. Schiffer,        Emissions due to Interactions          Systems
Graham Garfield, Beth Donahue,          between Land-use and Regional
Arnab Chakraborty, Jung-Taek Lee,       Transportation Systems                 Web Publishing
Piyushimita Thakuriah, A Spatial
Multimedia Representation of the        Sue McNeil, Moderator, Session 6:      Shaumik Pal, Establishing Linkages
Chicago Transit Authority’s Rail        Transportation and Environmental       Between Asset Management and
Infrastructure                          Policy                                 Intelligent Transportation Systems

Jung-Taek Lee and Piyushimita           P.S. Sriraj, Statewide Transportation Other Presentations/Publications
Thakuriah, Application of               Planning and NEPA: Its
Probabilistic Linkage to Commercial     Effectiveness, Issues, and Solutions  Pagano, Anthony, Paul Metaxatos and
Motor Vehicle and Carrier Study                                               Mark King, Impact of Computer-
                                        Anthony Pagano, Reducing              Assisted Scheduling and Dispatching
Piyushimita Thakuriah, Markov Chain     Automobile Congestion and Pollution   Systems on Paratransit Service
Monte Carlo Methods: Applications       using Transportation Demand           Quality. National Academy of
for Imputation of Missing Data in       Management: Cost and Effectiveness Sciences, Transportation Research
Transportation Databases                Estimates from the Chicago Area       Board, Transportation Research
                                                                              Record 1791, 2002, pp. 51-58
Kazuya Kawamura, Anusha
Seetharaman (’02) and Saurav Dev        Transport Chicago 2003, June 7,        Roseann O’Laughlin, Listening to the
Bhatta, Economic Benefits of Freight    2003, UIC                              City-Town Meeting in New York City,
Policy Relating to the Trucking                                                UPP Friday Research Forum January
Industry: An Evaluation of the RTP      Haidong Zhu, Developing a Rail         24, 2003
Freight Policy for the Chicago Six      Service Interruption Model for CTA
County Region                                                                  Piyushimita Thakuriah, Intelligent
                                        Shaumik Pal, Juan Ortega and           Transportation Systems: Vehicular and
Shaumik Pal, P.S. Sriraj, Sue McNeil,   Audrey Wennink, Productivity           Road Technology of the Future ,UIC
Evaluation of Private Sector Asset      Benefits of a GPS Based Traveler       Provost’s The Cutting Edge Seminar
Management Practices                    Information System-a Case Study of     Series 2003, March 1
                                        the UIC Shuttle Bus System
Kazuya Kawamura, Perceived                                                     Kazuya Kawamura, Developing a Plan
Benefits of Congestion Pricing for      Sudeshna Sen, Decision Support         from Bottom Up: A Case Study of
Trucks                                  Tools for Stakeholders Dealing with    Public Involvement, May 12, 2003,
                                        Low-Income Accessibility Projects in   Center for Transportation Planning
Anthony Pagano and Paul Metaxatos,      the Chicago Metropolitan Region        Research, Tokyo, Japan
Measuring Intercity Bus
Transportation Unmet Needs              Hyeon-Shic Shin, Conceptualization
                                        of a Methodology for Measuring
                                        Freight Mobility by Trucks

                                                                                     continued on p. 6

                                             OTHER NEWS

    Presentations/Publications, from page 5
                                                                                 Former Director of UTC
Kazuya Kawamura, Addressing              Kazuya Kawamura, Assessment of the       David Boyce, Ph.D. to
                                         Relationship between Vehicle Type
Freight Transportation Needs:
                                         Mix and the Benefit of
National, State, and Regional
Perspective, May 13, 2003, Tokyo         Freight Projects, June 26, 2003,
                                         Third International Conference on       Dr. David Boyce, Professor of
Institute of Technology, Tokyo,                                                  Transportation & Regional Science in
Japan                                    City Logistics, Madeira, Portugal
                                                                                 the Civil and Materials Engineering
                                         Jiangping Zhou and Vonu Thakuriah,      Department and former Director of
Kazuya Kawamura, Financing                                                       the Urban Transportation Center is
Transportation Projects in the U.S.:     Federal Level Mobility-Related
                                         Legislation in the U.S. and             retiring after more than 30 years of
Federal, State, and Local                                                        work in transportation research. To
Perspectives, May 16, 2003               Implications for China, The 3rd
                                         International Conference of Chinese     mark this occasion UTC has invited
Institute of Regional Economic                                                   several of Dr. Boyce’s former
Research, Fukui Prefectural              Young Transportation Professionals,
                                         May 25-26, Beijing, China--Cancelled    students and colleagues to give
University, Fukui, Japan                                                         presentations on his contributions to
                                         Professor Pagano was elected to the     the field. The event will take place
Kazuya, Kawamura, Addressing                                                     on the afternoon of July 16, 2003. A
Freight Transportation Needs in the      position of Program Vice President
                                         Elect of the Transportation Research    reception will follow the
US: National, State, and Regional                                                presentations. Please contact
Perspective, May 19, 2003, Kyoto         Forum
                                                                                 Gabrielle Brown <>
University, Kyoto, Japan                                                         for more details.

                                  UTC Students Win Awards
                                         encouraging young people to pursue      Common Ground, the organization’s
   Juan Ortega, a Ph.D. candidate        professions in transportation. Pena-    long-range regional planning process.
at UTC, is the recipient of the          Rivera is also the recipient of the     The Fellowship was established by
International Service Award from         prestigious Eno Transportation          NIPC in 1999 to honor the late Phil
the University of Illinois at Chicago,   Foundation Fellowship to attend its     Peters, its former Executive Director.
which recognizes international           Leadership Development Conference       Mr. Peters retired in 1998 after
students who have distinguished          in Washington, D.C. from May 19-23.     completing more than thirty years of
themselves through volunteer service     This week-long conference brings        extraordinary service to NIPC,
in the campus and Chicago communi-       together a single outstanding student   during which time he played a major
ties. Ortega is the President-elect of   from each of the major graduate         role in the development and imple-
the Rotaract Club of Chicago for         transportation programs in the          mentation of the agency’s innovative,
2003-2004, a Rotary-sponsored            country for a week of educational       comprehensive program for the
service club for young men and           programming, meetings with legisla-     Chicago metropolitan area.
women ages 18 to 30.                     tors and sessions about transporta-
                                                                                   Sudeshna Sen, a MUPP student,
                                         tion policy, and culminates in a mock
                                                                                 was awarded the Women’s Transpor-
     Norma Pena-Rivera, a Ph.D.          Congresional hearing.                   tation Seminar Helene Overly memo-
candidate at UTC, has been awarded
                                              Audrey Wennink, a MUPP             rial Graduate Scholarship, which she
the George Krambles Scholarship
                                         student, was selected as this year’s    will receive at the WTS annual
Award for 2003. She is one of six
                                         recipient of the Phillip D. Peters      meeting June 4. Sen will pursue a
recipients nationwide to win the
                                         Regional Planning Fellowship by the     Ph.D. in Civil Engineering at the
award worth $2,500. The scholar-
                                         Northeastern Illinois Planning Com-     University of Texas-Austin in the
ship is named for the former execu-
                                         mission (NIPC). She will be focusing    fall.
tive director of the Chicago Transit
Authority. The scholarship was           her work as a Fellow this summer on
established with the purpose of

Fall Symposium to Focus
   on Circumferential                       UTC Holds Annual Retreat at Chicago
Transportation Systems                               Cultural Center
The Urban Transportation Center will
hold its annual fall symposium on
Friday, October 17, 2003, at the UIC
Student Services Building. With the
share of suburb-to-suburb commuter
traffic steadily increasing and the
existing radial systems not set up to
handle this flow, circumferential rail
has been under discussion in several
U.S. Metro areas in recent years.
The day’s event will include a
discussion of circumferential rail
proposals in Chicago, as well as a
review of circle lines in other large
cities throughout the world.
   The luncheon keynote speaker will
be Kirk Brown, Hanson Engineers,
Springfield and former Secretary of
Transportation for the State of
Illinois. Other speakers and
panelists will include Phil Pagano,
Executive Director, Metra; Mike
Shiffer, Ph.D., Vice President
Planning and Development, CTA; and           UTC Director Sue McNeil coordinates a group workshop at the UTC annual
John McCarron, Adjunct Professor          retreat in January. Students and faculty came together for the one-day event,
Northwestern University and writer        where they participated in team-building exercises and long-range strategic
on urban affairs. Save the date and       planning for the Center.
check the UTC website for updates

                           Urban Transportation Center Advisory Board

         Phil Pagano, Chairman                         Neil Ferarri
           Executive Director                        Acting Director
                                          IDOT Division of Public Transportation               T.J. Ross
                 Metra                                                                      Executive Director
                                                        Jack Hartman                             PACE
               Thomas Ashby
                  President                           Executive Director
                                            Illinois State Toll Highway Authority            Paula Thibeault
    Illinois Public Transit Association                                                     Executive Director
                                                  Christine M. Johnson                            RTA
          Aristide E. Biciunas
           Executive Director                Director of Field Services - West
                                                      USDOT FHWA                           Ronald L. Thomas
    Chicago Area Transportation Study                                                      Executive Director
                                                        John Kos                          Northeastern Illinois
          Randy Blankenhorn                                                              Planning Commission
                 Chief                               District Engineer
        Urban Program Planning                        IDOT-District 1
                                                                                             Mike Tryon
                 IDOT                                                                        Chairman
                                                      Frank Kruesi
                                                        President                        McHenry County Board
           Miguel d’Escoto
            Commissioner                         Chicago Transit Authority
                                                                                          Thomas R. Walker
  Chicago Department of Transportation                                               Commissioner, Dept. of Aviation
                                                     John McCarthy
                                                       President                       O’Hare International Airport
             Joel Ettinger
         Regional Administrator                Continental Airport Express
    U.S. Department of Transportation                   USDOT

                   METSI Highlights, from p.4                                        Mark Your
metropolitan areas. Several of        the lack of local jobs translates into         Calendars
these reports, however, attribute     inordinately high travel times for those
these higher rates to sprawl;         individuals who work. Transportation       Metropolitan Conference on
southern metro areas tend to be       and other solutions need to be developed Public Transportation Research
newer than northern metro areas,      for these neighborhoods.                            (MCPTR)
(e.g., Phoenix versus Boston), and    UTC staff have also finished the first            June 6, 2003
therefore typically have lower        report from the Census Transportation                  UIC
population densities, or more         Planning Package (CTPP). This examines
sprawl.                               the county-to-county trip data released                 *
Census 2000                           in March 2003 and reveals some impor-          UTC Fall Symposium
                                      tant changes in commuting and the               October 17, 2003
UTC researchers have analyzed         factors that affect commuting patterns.                UIC
and mapped the differences            Most importantly, for the first time in
between the travel times to work      over forty years, the population of the                 *
for the two largest counties in the   region grew more rapidly (1990 to 2000)   Transportation Research Board
nation, Los Angeles and Cook. Not     than the number of commuters. The 11             Annual Meeting
only does Los Angeles County have     percent increase in population translated     January 11-15, 2004
lower travel times, but the highest   into only seven percent growth in the
travel times are also associated      number of commuters. This modest
with high-income neighborhoods.       increase in commuters, smaller than in
In contrast, Cook County has          previous decades, has had a milder
substantially longer travel times,    impact on the number of commuters and
especially in low-income neighbor-    traffic congestion than anticipated.
hoods. This is particularly true on
the south side of the city, where

Urban Transportation Center (MC357)                                                         Nonprofit Org.
University of Illinois at Chicago                                                           U.S. Postage
412 South Peoria Street, Suite 340                                                             PAID
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