SPEECH BY HIS EXCELLENCY HON. MWAI KIBAKI, CGH, MP, CHAIRMAN OF IGAD
AND THE PRESIDENT AND COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE ARMED FORCES OF
THE REPUBLIC OF KENYA DURING THE EXTRA-ORDINARY SUMMIT OF IGAD
HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT, 1ST FEBRUARY, 2008, ADDIS ABABA,
Your Excellencies Heads of State and Government,
The Executive Secretary of IGAD, Dr. Attala Hamad Bashir,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
I am delighted to welcome you all for this Extra-Ordinary Summit of IGAD Heads of State
and Government. Allow me to first of all thank our brother His Excellency Meles Zenawi,
the Government and the people of the Democratic Federal Republic of Ethiopia for the
warm reception extended to us since we arrived in Addis Ababa.
I take this opportunity to thank you brother Heads of State and Government for
congratulating me following my re-election as the President of the Republic of Kenya for
the second and final term of five years.
I am also grateful to you for according audience to my Special Envoys that I sent to
deliver special messages to you following the unfortunate events that unfolded in Kenya
after the December general elections.
One year has elapsed since we last held our Summit. Since then, a number of
developments have taken place in our sub-region. We are, therefore, here to review
these developments and to deliberate on the best way forward in consolidating peace,
stability and development in our sub-region.
Permit me, however, to first of all brief you on the recent political developments in
Kenya. The polling exercise on December 27th went on well, having been conducted in a
peaceful environment. However, the Presidential elections were hotly contested to the
point of generating disputes over the results that were finally announced by the Electoral
Commission of Kenya.
Controversies over elections are a reality in any democracy. And historically, few close to
call elections are not marred by allegations of irregularities, even in advanced and well-
established democracies. In such situations, the accepted rule is to resort to the
established constitutional mechanisms. Indeed, the Judiciary in Kenya has over the years
arbitrated electoral disputes and the current one should not be an exception.
Regrettably, although the election results reflected the will of the majority of Kenyans,
the leaders in the opposition instigated a campaign of civil unrest that resulted in over
800 deaths. Further, about 250,000 Kenyans have been internally displaced and property
worth billions of shillings destroyed.
My Government has initiated urgent measures to stop the violence, and provide
humanitarian assistance to the displaced people. Arrangements are also underway to
resettle the victims of violence even as we search for a lasting solution to the current
political crisis. I take this opportunity to thank the international community and all our
friendly countries for contributing to the government's humanitarian relief effort.
Further, Kenya believes in resolving political disputes through dialogue. My Government
has, therefore, embarked on consultations with all Kenyan leaders aimed at restoring
peace through dialogue and reconciliation. We have in this regard welcomed the
facilitation of the panel of Eminent African personalities led by His Excellency Kofi Annan,
former UN Secretary General, His Excellency Benjamin Mkapa, former President of
Tanzania, and Her Excellency Graca Machel. I am pleased to report that the team has
already begun its work, and I am optimistic that we will arrive at a lasting political
I also welcome the efforts of all our friends including His Excellency President Yoweri
Museveni of Uganda and Chairman of East African Community, in helping us to find a
mediated political solution to this challenge. I am most grateful to H.E. John Kufuor,
President of Ghana and outgoing Chairman of the African Union, for visiting Kenya and
initiating this process of dialogue with all political leaders.
To conclude my remarks on the situation in Kenya, I would like to assure Your
Excellencies that the security situation in the country is under control, and we are now
beginning to address the issue of displaced persons.
Indeed, as Chair of IGAD, Kenya recognizes the fundamental role and responsibility that
she has played and must continue to play in maintaining peace, security and stability
both within our country and in the sub-region.
In pursuance of this agenda within our country, I have appointed a ten-member
committee, under the chairmanship of my Vice President Hon. Stephen Kalonzo Musyoka,
to spearhead reconciliation and national healing.
Turning to the sub-region, I am glad to note that progress towards peace is encouraging.
I note with satisfaction the enormous strides that the President of the Sudan, His
Excellency Omar Hassan Al-Bashir and his Vice President, His Excellency Salva Kiir have
made in implementing the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) since 2005. For
instance, the people of the Sudan are now governed by the Interim National Constitution.
Further, the people of Southern Sudan, under the Interim Constitution of Southern
Sudan, have begun the process of post conflict reconstruction.
Moreover, institutions such as the Government of National Unity, the Government of
Southern Sudan and the State Governments are now operational. Perhaps more
importantly, both sides have complied with the ceasefire agreement. Indeed, the
implementation of the CPA remains a model for conflict resolution and management in
our region. This was especially manifested last year when the CPA was approaching its
third anniversary. As you are all aware, challenges developed concerning its
implementation. I am encouraged by the positive steps that were taken by our two
brothers His Excellency Omar Al-Bashir and His Excellency Salva Kiir to address these
challenges. It is clear that the implementation of the CPA, just like all forms of conflict
resolution is a process.
The CPA guarantees lasting peace, security for all, justice and equality in the Sudan.
Equally important, is the recognition among IGAD member states that the successful
implementation of the CPA will catalyze the development and prosperity of our region.
Furthermore, the international community particularly IGAD Partners Forum who availed
substantial resources in support of the peace process, are keen to see that the CPA is
As regards the situation in Somalia, I am encouraged to note that the Transitional Federal
Government has laid the foundation for the reconstruction of Somalia.
I commend President Abdulahi Yusuf, the Prime Minister Nur Hassan Hussein and his
predecessor, Ali Mohammed Gedi, as well as the Transitional Federal Parliament for
restoring the traditions of governance as well as nurturing the culture of democracy and
the rule of law within the last three years.
The foundation of these institutions will become crucial in the next two years. For this
foundation to hold, however, robust actions must be taken by all the people of Somalia,
the international community and we in the IGAD sub-region to address the fluid security
situation in Somalia.
For instance, there is need to initiate broad-based consultations with all stakeholders
aimed at achieving lasting peace and reconciliation in Somalia. There is no doubt that the
Transitional Federal Government and the opposition group in diaspora as well as in
Somalia need to engage in constructive dialogue to end the political deadlock.
We in the IGAD sub-region must continue to play our part, since we remain the strategic
actor to spearhead the peace process in Somalia.
On its part, the international community must adopt an integrated approach to the
situation in Somalia. I take this opportunity to appeal to donors to support the
Transitional Federal Government by honoring the pledges they made and by increasing
humanitarian assistance to Somalia.
On your behalf I thank the Ugandan Government for quickly and fully deploying the 1850
troops that they pledged as well as Burundi which deployed some of her pledged troops.
It is indeed regrettable that the AMISOM mandate lapses on 20th February 2008 even
before the attainment of full deployment. The extension of the mandate and the complete
deployment of troops is therefore a necessity.
Consequently, Kenya has consulted with Burundi, Benin, Nigeria and Ghana who have
pledged to contribute troops with a view to speeding up the deployment of the pledged
troops to AMISOM.
Similarly, the conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia has direct impact on the situation in
Somalia. You will recall that Eritrea temporarily pulled out of IGAD in April 2007. On your
behalf I wish to urge our brother His Excellency Isaias Afewerki to reconsider that
decision and to lead Eritrea back to IGAD.
This is not only important, but necessary, particularly now as we move towards
integration in Africa. For us to succeed in achieving development, peace and security for
our people, we must remain united as IGAD.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
In conclusion, I express our gratitude to the IGAD Partners Forum, which continues to
provide us with financial support.
I would like to assure IGAD Member States and our partners that Kenya will continue to
play its rightful role in all peace and security initiatives in the region. Accordingly, I call
upon all our partners and people of goodwill to remain steadfast in their support for
Thank you and God bless you all.