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SISONKE DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN

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SISONKE DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN Powered By Docstoc
					       SISONKE DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY
       INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN




                   TOGETHER WE DELIVER AND GROW




                                      2006/2007



MUNICIPAL MANAGER
PRIVATE BAG X501
IXOPO
3276



Tel. 039-8348 700
Fax. 039-8341 750
E-mail
mabasom@sisonkedm.gov.za




               Sisonke District municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, Fax 039-8341750   i
                           CONTENTS TABLE

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

SECTION 1:              INTEGRATED                     DEVELOPMENT                   PLANNING
OVERVIEW
1.1 LEGAL AND POLICY REQUIREMENTS
1.2 IDP REVIEW PROCESS
1.3 INSTITUTIONAL PLAN

SECTION 2: DISTRICT DEVELOPMENT STATUS QUO
2.1   LOCALITY OF THE DISTRICT
2.2   MUNICIPAL PROFILE
2.3   DEMOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS
2.4   SPATIAL ANALYSIS
2.5   SOCIO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
2.6   TECHNICAL/ ENGINEERING ANALYSIS
2.7   INSTITUTIONAL AND OPERATIONAL ISSUES
2.8   PUBLIC PARTICIPATION

SECTION 3: STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK

3.1 VISION
3.2 DISTRICT PRIORITY ISSUES
3.3 STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK MATRIX

SECTION 4: PROJECT OVERVIEW

4.1. SISONKE DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY PROJECTS
4.2. PROJECTS IMPLEMENTED BY SERVICE PROVIDERS


SECTION 5: SECTOR PLANS AND PROGRAMS




                 Sisonke District municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, Fax 039-8341750        ii
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

MUNICIPAL VISION

The Sisonke District Municipality strives to uplift the quality of life of its residents by
providing sustainable infrastructure, water, health services, sanitation and social amenities
by 2010. There will be equitable distribution of land for residential, farming, investors and
sports and recreation. Sisonke will be one of the Province’s viable tourist destinations
characterized by sustainable natural, social and economic environment. Its men, women,
the elderly, disabled and youth will equally enjoy living in a safe and healthy environment.

LOCATION

The Sisonke District Municipality is located to the South West of the KwaZulu-Natal
province. The Sisonke District municipality forms part of the boarder between KwaZulu-
Natal and Eastern Cape Province. The District Management Area (DMA) is located to the
West of the District and it forms part of the boarder between the KwaZulu-Natal Province
and Lesotho. The Sisonke District Municipality (DC43) is composed of the following five
local municipalities: Ubuhlebezwe, Ingwe, Kwa-Sani, Greater Kokstad and Umzimkhulu.

DEVELOPMENT PRIORITIES

After the analysis of the development challenges facing the District, the Sisonke District
Council has agreed to identify the following as key performance areas and priority issues:

Delivery of Water; Provision of basic sanitation facilities; Supply of bulk electricity to
communities; Improvement of roads infrastructure; Land Reform; Promotion of Agriculture
and Tourism Development; Development of secondary Nodal points; Improvement of
Primary Health Care Facilities; Alleviation of Poverty; HIV/AIDS; Establishment of Gender
Programs; Disaster Management; Revenue Enhancement and Economic Regeneration;
Waste Management; Environmental Health; Improving Financial Viability of the
Municipality; Development of Youth; Development of the disabled; Provision of alternative
energy; Improving Coordination in Service Delivery; Improve Intergovernmental Relations;
Improve Monitoring and Reporting Procedures; Promote Public Participation; Promote
Environmental Integrity; Access to Finance; SMME Development; Establishment of Human
Settlements; Ensure Access to Social Facilities and Marketing the District.

The objectives and strategies aimed at addressing the above issues are outlined in Section
2 of the document: The Strategic Framework.

STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK MATRIX

The District Priority Issues have been reviewed in line with the five National Key
Performance Areas (Infrastructure and Services; Financial Management; Institutional


                   Sisonke District municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, Fax 039-8341750   iii
Development and Transformation; Democracy and Good Government and Socio-economic
Development) and Provincial Priorities as outlined in the Provincial Growth and
Development Strategy. The Strategic Framework provides the following information:

      Provincial Priorities
      District Priorities
      Development Issues
      Objectives and
      Strategies

LEGAL FRAMEWORK

     Municipalities are guided by various legislations and policies which have been carefully
     considered whilst compiling this document. Amongst these legislations is the
     Municipal Systems Act (MSA), (Act no 32 of 2000); the Municipal Finance
     Management Act of 2003. Chapter 5 of the Municipal Systems Act specifies that each
     municipal council must, within a prescribed period after the start of its elected term,
     adopt a single, inclusive and strategic plan for the development of the municipality,
     which:
      Links, integrates and co-ordinates plans and takes into account proposals for the
      development of the municipality;
      Aligns the resources and capacity of the municipality with the implementation of the
      IDP;
      Forms the policy framework and general basis on which annual budgets must be
      based; and
      Is compatible with national and provincial development plans and planning
      requirements binding on the municipality in terms of the legislation.

The Act also requires municipality to review the IDP annually. The IDP is for a five-year
period, unless decided otherwise by the Council to adopt the IDP of its predecessor for
another five-year period.

Section 21 of the MFMA stipulates that the mayor of a municipality must
       Coordinate the processes for preparing the annual budget and for reviewing the
       municipality’s integrated development plan and budget – related policies to ensure
       that the tabled budget and any revisions of the integrated development plan and
       budget related policies are mutually consistent and credible.
       At least 10 months before the start of the budget year, table in the municipal
       council a time schedule outlining key deadlines for -
              (i) The preparation, tabling and approval of the annual budget;
              (ii) The annual review of -
                     (aa) the integrated development plan in terms of section 34 of the
                           Municipal Systems Act; and
                     (bb) the budget related policies
              (iii)  the tabling and adoption of any amendments to the integrated


                  Sisonke District municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, Fax 039-8341750    iv
                      development plan and budget related policies; and
             (iv)     any consultative processes forming part of the processes referred to in
                      subparagraph (i), (ii) and (iii).

PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT

To ensure Public Participation in the affairs of the municipality the following institutional
structures were used to facilitate public and stakeholder participation:
    The IDP Steering Committee: internal committee which is composed of Municipal
    Management and officials implementing projects
    The IDP Representative Forums of Local Municipalities
    The IDP Service Providers Forum: composed of IDP Managers of Local Municipality and
    the District Municipality, Municipal Managers of the Local and District Municipalities,
    Government Departments and Corporate Service Providers
    The IDP Alignment Committee: composed of IDP Managers of Local Municipality and
    the District Municipality

REVIEW PROCESS

The reviewed IDP outlines the following issues: assessment of service delivery and
municipality’s performance; adjustments and amendments of the 2005/2006 IDP; and
assessment of changing internal and external circumstances and their impact thereof.
The reviewed IDP addresses MEC for KZN Local Government recommendations regarding
the Sisonke District Council 2005/2006 IDP and recommendations emanating from the IDP
Hearings which were conducted in April 2005.
To ensure IDP relevance as a Management and Strategic tool, all phases of the IDP have
been reviewed. Gaps and outdated information were identified throughout the phases. In
the analysis phase, priority issues were revised and that impacted on the objectives and
strategies. The projects that have been fully completed and the existing projects have been
reviewed. Planned projects, programs and sector plans are also incorporated into the
report.




                    Sisonke District municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, Fax 039-8341750   v
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750   6
1.1 LEGAL/POLICY REQUIREMENTS AND THE SISONKE IDP REVIEW
PROCESS:

The Municipal Systems Act (Act no 32 of 2000) requires municipalities to undertake
developmentally-oriented planning so as to ensure that it-
      1) It strives to achieve the objects of Local Government set out in section 57 of
         the Constitution;
      2) Give effect to its developmental duties as required by section 153 of the
         Constitution and
      3) Together with the organs of the state contribute to the progressive realization
         of the fundamental rights contained in sections 24; 25; 26; 27 and 29of the
         constitution

   1.1.1 The Act also stipulates that the planning undertaken by a municipality must
         be aligned with and complement the development plans and strategies of
         other affected municipalities and other organs of state so as to give effect to
         the principles of co-operative government contained in section 41 of the
         Constitution.

   1.1.2 Section 34 of the MSA of 2000 requires:
            a) municipal council to review its Integrated Development Plan annually:
                          - in accordance with assessment of its performance
                             measurements in terms of section 41;
                          - to the extent that changing circumstances so demand
                             and
            b) may amend its Integrated Development Plan in accordance with the
                prescribed process

1.1.2 Section 21 of the Municipal Finance Management Act (Act no 56 of 2003)
stipulates that the mayor of a municipality must
              a) co-ordinate the processes for preparing the annual budget and for
                  reviewing the municipality’s Integrated Development Plan and budget
                  related policies to ensure that the tabled budget and any revisions of
                  the Integrated Development Plan and budget related policies are
                  mutually consistent and credible.
              b) at least 10 months before the start of the budget year, table in the
                  municipal council a time schedule outlining key deadlines for-
                      (i)   the preparation, tabling and approval of the annual budget;
                      (ii)  annual review of
                               (aa) the Integrated Development Plan in terms of section
                                     34 of the Municipal Systems Act of 2000; and
                               (bb) the budget related policies
                      (iii) the tabling and adoption of any amendments to the
                            Integrated Development Plan and budget - related policies;
                            and

Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                         7
                   (iv)   any consultative processes forming part of the processes
                          referred to in paragraphs (i), (ii) and (iii)

   1.2 IDP REVIEW PROCESS

   Elements that will guide the reviewed municipal IDP include:

      i) Improved IDP (Strategic planning) and Budget alignment;
      ii) Improved Intergovernmental relations (IGR) and coordination;
      iii) Incorporating aspects required to form part of a municipal IDP according to
           legislation;
      iv) Addressing areas requiring additional information;
      v) Addressing comments that emanated from the Multi-sectoral IDP Forum
           meeting held on the 3rd of March 2005;
      vi) Addressing comments that emanated from the IDP Hearing held on the 12th
           of April 2005;
      vii) Incorporating new information and possible changing circumstances including
           information provided by service providers; and
      viii) Incorporating information gathered through IDP implementation and
           monitoring of municipal performance.




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                        8
   1.3     INSTITUTIONAL PLAN

To ensure greater participation and involvement of all stakeholders and interested and
affected parties in the IDP process, the following fora/committees were established and
adopted by the Sisonke District Council:

    DISTRICT IDP INSTITUTIONAL PLAN



    SISONKE DISTRICT MUNICIPAL COUNCIL




    Executive
    Committee                              Stakeholder and Community Participation




                                                                     CBO Forum, Land
    Municipal
                                              IDP                    Reform Screening
    Manager
                                              REP FORUM              Committee


    IDP Steering
    Committee




    Project, Programme and                    Stakeholders,           Local Stakeholder
    Sectoral Task Teams                       interest groups         level




    SECTOR SPECIFICATION LIAISON




  IDP Representative Forum

  This forum:
       Represents the interest of the District stakeholders;
       Provides an organizational mechanism for discussion, negotiation, and decision-
       making between the stakeholders, including the relevant municipality;
       Ensures communication between all stakeholder representatives; and
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                             9
      Monitors the performance of the planning and implementing process.

 The IDP Alignment Committee

 This committee was established to ensure:
      horizontal alignment among LM’s; and
      vertical alignment between LM’s and the DM.

  Service Provider’s Forum

  This forum was established to foster:
       alignment between sector departments and all municipalities within the District
       synergies in planning; and
       alignment of budget and programmes.

 Steering Committee

 The Steering Committee is there for:

      overall co-ordination.
      monitoring of adherence to IDP terms of reference.




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                            10
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750   11
2.1 LOCALITY OF THE SISONKE DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY

The Sisonke District Municipality is one of the ten District Municipalities that forms part
of the KwaZulu-Natal Province. It is located at the extreme south of the Province. The
Sisonke District Municipality is bordered by the following District Municipalities: Uthukela
to the North; Umgungundlovu to the North East; Alfred Nzo and Ugu to the South East;
and OR Tambo to the South.




The location of the District in relation to the aforesaid District municipalities means that,
any planning and development-taking place in each District will have an impact on the
neighbouring Districts. It is therefore imperative to align planning and development
activities in our District to ensure orderly development.

2.2 MUNICIPAL PROFILE

The Sisonke District Municipality is comprised of the following municipalities:

       Umzimkhulu Municipality
       Ubuhlebezwe Municipality
       Greater Kokstad Municipality
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                             12
       Ingwe Municipality
       KwaSani Municipality
       DMA 43




AREA SIZE
                                   N0         MUNICIPALITY      NUMBER   AREA SIZE
The municipality area size is 11                                OF
127. 89997 square meters                                        WARDS

                                   KZ5a1      Ingwe             10       1970.   23855
                                   KZ5a2      Kwa Sani          NIL      1179.   61911
                                   KZ5a4      Greater Kokstad   6        2682.   93945
                                   KZ5a5      Ubuhlebezwe       12       1627.   1779
                                              Umzimkhulu        18       2436

                                   KZDMA 43   Umkhomazi         NIL      1231.92496
                                              Wilderness Area
                                              TOTAL             46       11 127. 89997
                                                                         square
                                                                         kilometers


Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                            13
MUNICIPAL WARDS




2.3 DEMOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS

This section looks at the overall District demographic make up. The population
projections were worked on two growth scenarios in line with generic growth
parameters being applied across the country as well as taking into cognizance the effect
of AIDS in population growth. The projections are based on 2.21% growth rate.

The figures below are based on Census 2001 estimates. These figures indicate a
population sparsely spread throughout an area of 11 127. 89997 square kilometers.

Municipalit      Existing   Estimat      Estimat     Estimat    Estimat    Estimat
y                2001       ed total     ed total    ed total   ed total   ed total
                 figures    in 2002      in 2003     in 2004    in 2005    in 2006
Umzimkhulu       174 337    178 190      182 128     186 153    190 267    194 472
Ubuhlebezwe      101 959    104 212      106 515     108 869    111 275    113 734
Greater          56 285     57 529       58 800      60 099     61 427     62 785
Kokstad
KwaSani          15 309     15 647       15 993      16 346     16 707     17 076
Ingwe            107 558    109 935      112 365     114 848    117 386    119 980
DMA/Umkhom                               900         920        940        961
azi Wilderness                           (informal
Area                                     household
                                         count)
TOTAL            455 448    465 513      475 801     486 315    498 002    509 008



Population densities: Demarcation Board 2001
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                         14
                                                             Umzimkhulu
                                                             Municipality
                                961                          Ubuhlebezwe
               119,980                                       Municipality
                                         194,472             Greater Kokstad
                                                             Municipality
              17,076                                         Kwa Sani Municipality
               62,785
                                                             Ingwe Municipality
                            113,734
                                                             DMA




2.4 SPATIAL ANALYSIS

The Sisonke District Municipality is predominantly rural in nature with the majority of
the people living in rural areas.


Sisonk     Ingwe Municipality   Kwa     Sani    Greater      Ubuhlebezwe          Umzimkhulu                DMA
 e DM                           Municipality    Kokstad      Municipality         Municipality
                                               Municipalit
                                                   y

Total      Gqumeni              Netherby       Franklin      Hlokozi              Delamzi    Nazareth       Lotheni
Villages   Masameni             Umkhomazan     Pakkies 3     Ufafa                Mangeni    (Mvumeni &
Or rural   Centocow             a              Kwa Pakkies   Umgodi/              Tsaule     Mabuyana)
settlem    Kilmon               Brotheni       Kraansdraai   Mhlabashana          Sangweni   Gudlintaba
ents       Nkumba               Reichennau     Maraiskop     Kwa Bidla            Ndawana    Barnabas
           Mdayane              Mission        Wansbeck      Ebhayi/Thathani      1          Marhwaqa
           Bethlehem            Pevensy        Swarberg      Springvalle          &2         Sayimani
           Mqulelwa             Thunzi         Makhoba       Nokweja              St         Ngqokozwe
           Nonguqa              Mqatsheni      Ekuthuleni    Jollivet             Augustin   ni
           Bhidla               Pitela         Thuthukani    Sangcwaba            e          Mathathani
           Mnqundekweni         Stepmore       Hill Top      Hluthankungu         Mt Sheba   Blema
           Xosheyakhe           Goxhill        Vaalbank      Mahehle              Ngqabel    Thembeni
           Ntabamakhaba         Ntlantleni                   Ncakubana            weni       Mlozana
           Half Marites         Cottesmere                   Webbstown            Marhewin   James/Verk
           Sandanezwe           Farm                         Carrisbrook          i          ant
           Ncwadi                                            Hopewell             Nomarha    Sihlontlweni
           Hlabeni                                           Mariathal            njana      Tafeni
           Chibini                                           Chibini              Mkangala   Kokshill
           Sibomvini                                         Esiqandulweni        Dosumle    Mfundweni
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                                    15
        Nkelabantwana                               Abacwebileyo   nzana       Ntlabeni
        Kwa Benny                                   Emgangeni      Masamini    Ematyeni
        Mangwanenei                                 Bbobhobho      Nkukhwin    Farm
        Solokohlo                                   Nhlosana       i           Teekloof
        Macabazini                                  Nkawini        Magqagq     Mahobe
        Madzikane                                   Skhunyana      eni         Blema
        Mnyamana                                    Mashumi        Nonginqa    Kwa Loli
        Gxalingenwa                                 Mbambalala     Nqabeni     Kwa Shali
                                                    Mdabu/Dunge    Nongidi     Kwa
                                                    Bomvini        Ndabayila   Memeka
                                                    Amazabeko      li          Dovedale
                                                    Mpofini/       Gwijendli   Sphahleni
                                                    Esigedlen      ni          Mantuzela
                                                    /              Magangx     Plazini
                                                                   osini       Dresini
                                                                   Tonjeni     Nkapha
                                                                   Makhany     Mtshazo
                                                                   a           Ndideni
                                                                   Siriya      Ndayndim
                                                                   Antioch     Mabhisana
                                                                   Ngwang      Hlanzeni
                                                                   wane        Ndlovini
                                                                   Lukhany     Mnqumeni
                                                                   weni        Masamini
                                                                   Myembe      Machunwini
                                                                   Mfulamhl    ni
                                                                   e           Kwa Base
                                                                   (Sicelwen   St Faiths
                                                                   i,          Magqagqeni
                                                                   Maduna,     Pankukhu
                                                                   Zindonge    Misa
                                                                   ni          Mvolozana
                                                                   And         Nyenyezi
                                                                   Nguse)      Gugwini
                                                                   Zadunge
                                                                   ni
                                                                   (Nyanisw
                                                                   eni)
                                                                   Clydesdal
                                                                   e
                                                                   Washban
                                                                   k
                                                                   Hopewell
                                                                   Highland
                                                                   s
                                                                   Strangers
                                                                   -Rest
                                                                   Kwagijim
                                                                   a
                                                                   Bondrand
                                                                   Mthaleni
                                                                   Magwala
                                                                   Sisulu
                                                                   Ntlamba
                                                                   masoka

Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                     16
Total     Donnybrook       Underberg    Kokstad        Ixopo                Umzimkhu                    NIL
Urban     Creighton        Himeville    {Extension     {Morning     Side;   (White City; Emajaridini;
Areas     Bulwer                        7; Ntsingizi   Fairview }           Embizweni; Skoonplass;
                                        Hills;         High Flats           Mzwandile - Mhlawuli
                                        Shayamoya;                          Extension)
                                        Riverview;                          Ibisi Township
                                        Eastview
                                        Selfhelp
                                        Gelukdal;
                                        South End
                                        Unique
                                        Homes Long
                                        Homes;
                                        Homes
                                        2000
                                        Bongweni ;
                                        Horseshoe




Informa                                                Chocolate City
l                                                      Morning view
Settlem                                                High         Flats
ents                                                   Informal
                                                       Settlement




The rural settlements are spatially disintegrated and monofunctional in nature. The
District Municipality has prepared a Spatial Development Framework which aims at
integrating rural settlements to the regional economy. The Spatial Development
Framework outlines hierarchy of nodes in terms of primary, secondary, tertiary nodes
and hubs




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                                17
INGWE SDF




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750   18
KWA-SANI SDF




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750   19
UBUHLEBEZWE SDF




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750   20
GREATER KOKSTAD SDF




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750   21
The current spatial arrangement of the settlements and low threshold in each
settlement makes it difficult and costly to service the areas. Although a lot has been
done by the District and Local Municipalities to service the rural areas, a significant
number of settlements have not been fully attended to. The people living on the
outskirts have no adequate access to basic services.

The District is faced with the challenge of declining towns and this issue is outlined
below.

The District is also faced with the challenge of declining towns.




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                       22
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750   23
Declining Town and remedial measures to rectify the situation

Background

According to information contained in both the STATSSA and Demarcation Board’s
websites and countless other pieces of literature, SDM is one of the most economically
depressed regions of KZN with both employment and literacy levels falling way below
the Provincial averages. This coupled with a lower Human Development Index (HDI) for
SDM in comparison with KZN implies that SDM experiences lower levels of income and
as such the residents have a limited ability to access productive resources and hence no
meaningful economic participation. Because of the perceived prospects of accessing
better jobs and living conditions elsewhere, most people within the district are living the
area in search of greener pastures in the urban centres of Durban and Pietermaritzburg.
In addition there has been a considerable decline in the use of the railway line as a
dominant form of transport in favour of trucks to carry wooden logs. This together with
the skewed land ownership patterns particularly with regards to access to productive
agricultural land to most members of the population further compounds the situation.
The cumulative impact has been the overall decline in economic activity with the
resultant consequences of unemployment and hence out-migration.

Unfortunately unlike humans places are not mobile and hence the emergence of ghost
towns (e.g. Donnybrook, Creighton, Swartberg, Franklin and Bulwer) when such
conditions prevail and this phenomenon is a reality SDM has to contend with and devise
some remedial means.

Against this background an attempt is made to devise means of revitalizing declining
towns. This is further reinforced by the Constitutional mandate of developmental local
government that guides the functioning of municipalities.

The response must yield high impact outcomes aimed at realizing the full economic
potential of SDM. Such an approach must be holistic and multi-sectoral in approach
incorporating all economic sectors including SMME development. A realistic Local
Economic development (LED) plan is but one of the interventions proposed in response
to economic decline. At its most basic level LED encompasses the ability of local role-
players (business, public sector, civil society and labour) to mobilize local resources and
talent into a competitive system that creates jobs and employment. The critical
ingredient is to arrange the resources in such a way that there is economic
development and growth in an area. The efficiency of the program is determined only
when there is stimulation of the local economy and creation of new employment
opportunities and is influenced by the NSDP principles of investing in people more than
places.




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                           24
Proposed Interventions

The proposed interventions are multi-sectoral in approach and are strongly influenced
by the National Spatial Development Perspective (NSDP) of developing in people and
not places. Since the implementation of projects is locality specific it is proposed that
priority for implementation be placed on these areas that have been identified as in the
process of death according to the Spatial Development Framework (SDF).

   1. Agriculture

      Promotion of agri-villages in places like Highflats and Donnybrook
      Mentorship programs to be implemented at identified places to enable
      subsistence farmers to graduate to commercial status.
      Registration of commercial farmers with SETA
      Partnership with the Departments of Land Affairs’ Land Reform program to
      identify fertile agricultural land in each locality and implementation of Agri-SMME
      Partnership with AgriSETA and agricultural colleges for continuous training of
      AgriSMMEs and targeting at least 5 young farmers for training in each
      town/settlement
      Integrated mentorship program for small scale farmer development – mentor-
      learnership alliance between commercial and emerging farmers with a clear
      business plan that will assist in accessing funds.
      Creation of joint ventures between commercial and emerging farmers
      Identifying willing farmers to enter into BEE deals and facilitate the process
      Supporting community gardening projects by clustering produce together to
      ensure critical mass and then organizing markets with retailers and government
      institutions like prisons and hospitals
      Small scale and emerging farmer development through establishment of
      cooperatives to ensure reduced rates for equipment and materials
      Explore the opportunities for fish farming in each locality

   2. Tourism

      Rail tourism to utilize the disused stations taking advantage of the scenic beauty
      and tranquility of the area.
      Expansion of Patons railway and its aggressive marketing
      Increasing ownership of tourism establishments by blacks
      Avi-tourism – promoting SDM as a birding destination and identifying locals to be
      tour guides
      Cultural tourism along main tourism routes and close to existing development
      nodes
      Spatial Rural Tourism Development – identifying localities for construction of
      projects (arts, crafts, agri-tourism and cultural villages with accommodation
      establishments)
      Identifying a cluster of diversified but complimentary tourism projects in each
      locality
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                         25
    SDM will also package an application for funding to Gijima for a flagship cultural
    tourism project
    Place marketing – devising tourism and marketing plan aimed at tourism
    investment promotion
SMME Development

Identifying SMMEs in all localities and linking them with support institutions and
business training with institutions like IThala. Offering continuous mentorship and
training and identifying opportunities for expansion.

2.5 SOCIO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS

2.5.1 AGRICULTURE

Agriculture in the form of commercial farms and to large extent commercial plantations
forms the bedrock of the economy of the district. The abundance of high quality soils,
high altitude, abundant water, climatic extremes makes the area suitable for dairy
farming and as a result a significant portion of dairy produce consumed in KZN is
produced within the district. A huge section of the commercial farmers is also engaged
in crop farming and the most famous being potatoes and cabbages. In addition there
are also huge tracts of commercial plantations and the wood harvested provides raw
materials for paper. An application for funding will be packaged and submitted to the
European Union for production bio-fuel derived from waste material from the sawmill.

Strengths
   • Varying climate makes the area unique for specific agricultural produce

Weaknesses
  • Uncertainty regarding pending land claims is demoralizing commercial farmers
  • Wages paid to farm laborers reinforces poverty
  • Tribal areas have no well developed agricultural sector and greater cooperation
     between commercial farmers and subsistence farmers needs to be reinforced.

Opportunities
   • Potential for rolling Agri-BEE
   • Potential for agro-processing industries
   • Release productive agricultural land (Land Reform Projects)
Threats
   • Farm attacks although marginal are scaring commercial farmers
   • Rate of conversion of agricultural land around Underberg and Himeville is cause
      for concern
   • The Property Rates Act is perceived by farmers as an attempt to push them out
      of business as agricultural land is now ratable.

2.5.2 TOURISM

Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                      26
SDM has a great variety of natural tourism assets and is reasonably endowed with
accommodation establishments such a guest houses, bed and breakfast establishments
and hotels. By 2003 it is estimated that there was a total of 2609 tourist beds available
(Environmental and Rural Solutions) with the majority of these being located at
KwaSani Local Municipality the gateway to Ukhahlamba Drakensberg Park.

The disappointing fact is that there is no updated information to indicate the portion of
foreign tourists that have been attracted to the district and as a result the district share
of tourism spend can not be quantified. In an effort to avert this scenario the district
has identified key tourism projects in the form of rail tourism, avi-tourism, cultural
tourism, eco and adventure tourism and the uKhahlamba Drakensberg Park which it is
hoped will reverse the situation and attract tourists into the district. However, this
needs to be intertwined with initiatives to both broaden participation of Blacks in
tourism particularly with regards to ownership of tourist establishments and promotion
of cultural villages in traditional areas to give true meaning to the Provincial slogan ‘the
Zulu Kingdom’. Discussions surrounding the formation of a single tourism body aimed at
marketing SDM as a single destination of choice have commenced.

Strengths
    • Great summer climate and snowfalls in winter
    • Beautiful natural landscape
    • Huge wetlands with a wide variety of birds
    • Rural character – tranquility and serenity
Weaknesses
   • Less involvement of Blacks
   • Insignificant tourist spend in comparison with other districts
Opportunities
   • Rail and avi-tourism have a potential to increase revenue generated tourism
   • Potential for fly-fishing
   • Potential for cultural tourism and Tourism – BEE
   • Drakensburg Mountains
Threats
   • Uncoordinated tourism marketing initiatives not bringing in a critical mass
   • No formal ties/working relationships with municipalities yet tourism is
      everybody’s business

     2.5.3 EMPLOYMENT

The employment projections are based on 2.21% growth rate.




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                            27
EMPLOYME          2001          2002            2003          2004        2005      2006
NT

Unemployed        125 533       128 294         131 116       134 000     136 948   139 960
Employed          44 145        45 116          46 108        47 122      48 158    49 217
Not
economically      150 637       153 951         157 338       160 799     164 337   167 952
active
Employment data: Demarcation Board




                                                           139960
                            167952



                                                     49217


         Employed              Unemployed              Not Economically Active

Employment statistical assessment reveals that only approximately 1/10 of the
population is currently employed. Whilst the land coverage assessment shows the
highest land utilization being agriculture, it is evident that this sector is not producing
enough employment opportunities at par with the extent of land used. For this reason it
will be important to develop creative strategies that will enhance employment of the
District’s active labour segment. Low education levels further worsen the situation, as a
result of limited capacity to compete effectively for employment. The following table
provides annual household income with projections based on 2.21% growth rate.

 ANNUAL INCOME            2001       2002       2003         2004        2005       2006

 None
 R1 – 4 800               34   737   35   501   36   282     37   080    37   896   38   730
 R4 801 – 9 600           22   896   23   400   23   915     24   441    24   979   25   529
 R9601-19200              11   878   12   139   12   406     12    679   12   958   13   243
 R19201-38400             19   423   19   850   20   287     20   487    20   937   21   398

Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                                  28
 R38401-76800          4 232     4 325    4 420       4 517       4 616       4 717
 R76801-153600         2 211     2 260    2 310       2 360       2 412       2 465
 R153601-307200        1 074     1 098    1 122       1 147       1 172       1 197
 R307201-614400        238       248      253         259         264         269
 R614401-1228800       151       154      157         160         164         167
 R1228801-2457600      178       182      186         190         194         198
 Over R2457600         79        81       83          85          87          89
Household income: Demarcation Board

As can be seen from the above table, the majority of the employed population earn less
than R4 8000 per annum. It is important therefore that other options of income
generation are promoted. It is inevitable that some of the households are dependent on
pension and disability grants. There are a range of informal activities which the
communities are involved in which require further strengthening.

Agricultural activities i.e. sugar cane and timber plantations provide employment to local
communities, although limited and seasonal. Some members of the community derive
their income from spaza shops, taxi and bus operations (in the form of drivers and
operators).
The major source of income is derived from government institutions e.g. schools,
clinics, magisterial offices, etc. While the public sector provides a huge percentage of
employment, it will not be surprising to find that most people working in government
institutions are mainly from outside of the municipal area, given the prevailing low
educational levels within the municipal community. Another segment of the community
derives their income working as migrant labourers in the established towns.




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                          29
2.5.4 EDUCATION




Though the District appears to have fairly adequate schools, much of education-
associated problems are experienced in farm and rural schools. Existing schools do not
offer up-to-standard science and technical subjects. School property is continuously
vandalized. Most schools lack water and sanitation.

These problems mainly affect young people. Lack of electricity in the schools also
precludes sharing of educational facilities by adults through Adult Based Education and
literacy Programmes. The challenges facing education in the district can be summarized
as follows:
      •     Lack of adequate schooling facilities;
      •     Lack of electrical reticulation within rural areas;
      •     Poor road networking within the rural areas;
      •     Topographical barriers that limit movement; and
      •     Affordability levels for transport costs.
      •     Inadequate water and sanitation facilities




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                       30
     Effects or consequences of the problems are:
     •      Low educational levels;
     •      Low science and technical skills base;
     •      Out-migration of youth to urban areas;
     •      High unemployment rates;
     •      Lack of proper care for elder people (pensioners);
     •      High dependency rates; and
     •      Employment to low paying jobs.
     •      Poor payments for services rendered by the municipality.

      HIGHEST LEVEL             2001          2002      2003       2004     2005     2006
      None                      48 878        49 953    51 052     52 175   53 322   54 495
      Some Primary (SP)         59 417        60 724    62 060     63 425   64 820   62 466
      Complete       Primary    15 527        15 869    16 218     16 577   16 942   17 315
      (CP)
      Secondary                 52 888        54 052    55 241     56 456   57 698   58 967
      Grade 12                  20 001        20 441    20 891     21 350   21 820   22 300
      Higher                    9 257         9 460     9 668      9 880    10 097   10 319
      Educational levels: Demarcation Board



          70000
          60000
          50000
          40000
          30000
          20000
          10000
              0
                    None       SP       CP       Sec.   Grade    Higher
                                                         12



The above table (census information) shows Education level as very low with
approximately 10 319 of the total population having higher education. NB: these figures
apply to the over 20 year olds.

Under these circumstances the role of training institutions (geared at skills
development) will be very crucial for the survival of many households.

2.5.5 HEALTH
The prevalent settlement pattern in farming areas as well as the traditional areas makes
effective delivery of health services difficult. Ubuhlebezwe local municipal area provides
important public health service for a much broader catchment. However, there is a
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                                 31
general spread of clinics particularly within Ingwe, Umzimkhulu and Ubuhlebezwe
municipalities. Based on the population spread particularly in the three mentioned local
municipalities, there is a need for supplementary health measures. The common
problem facing the health sector also relates to poor services. Where clinics are
available they are characterized with restricted hours of operation, poor service due to
lack of medication, uneven distribution (location) and poor to non-existent accessibility.

Mobile clinics are also available in certain areas, although their service is reportedly
equally poor. It has been reported that they generally lack adequate medication and in
certain instances their visits become irregular especially on rainy days.

DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARE FACILITIES

MUNICIPALITY                HOSPITALS                              CLINICS
UMZIMKULU                   3                                      14
INGWE                       1                                      10
KWA-SANI                    NIL (REHABILITATION CENTRE)            1
GREATER KOKSTAD             2                                      1
UBUHLEBEZWE                 1                                      8

Ambulance service is not available to the more traditional areas of the district.

Health workers are also deployed in a number of traditional areas. The community
health workers have to cover vast areas. This situation leaves other households
without the benefit of the services provided. In certain areas the community health
workers utilize the prescribed list of households to be covered. In the discussions with
the community it became apparent that there is a need for the increase of community
health workers. Causing factors that contribute to the problem can be summarized as
follows:

     •   Lack of hygienic water.
     •   Lack of educational programmes aimed at creating awareness about the
         importance of hygiene.
     •   Sparse population patterns particularly in the traditional areas
     •   Lack of access roads, thereby limiting possibility of sharing facilities
     •   High illiteracy levels also limit the ability of people absorbing new ideas and
         their readiness in accepting change.
     •   Shortages of staff and appropriate medication.

     Effects or consequences of the problems are:

     •   High cholera statistical figures.
     •   More demand for health services within already over-crowded health
         institutions.


Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                          32
     The Port Shepstone based Health Regional Director’s office is in the process of
     reviewing areas of focus as well as specific teams that will work in line with
     District Council boundaries. To this end specific programmes have been
     established in the case of SISONKE District Council, namely:
    • District Nursing Services
    • Pharmacy
    • Environmental Health Services
    • Health Programme
    • Administration
    • Clinic upgrading and building programme

    In so far as health issues are concerned the strategic framework of the district
    council builds on the health department’s strategies.

2.5.6 SAFETY AND SECURITY

Crime is a serious issue in the District with assault, burglary and stock theft being the
most prevalent. Stock theft is prevalent in the Kwa Sani Municipal area, Umzimkhulu
Municipality and the District Management Area (DMA), both areas forming the border of
Sisonke District Municipality and Lesotho. To deal with stock theft the Sisonke District
Municipality will engage SANDF and meetings will take place before the end of 2006.
The purpose of the meetings will be to develop an Action Plan on how to deal with
stock theft and to identify role players.

Another crime that has been reported to be disturbing on the farm areas is one of “pot
theft” whereby people kill an animal on the spot and cut it up for taking there and then.
The District police service has indicated that these crimes are committed mostly by the
youth. It has also been highlighted that alcohol abuse is the main driving force behind
the crimes committed in the area. As in most cases, it could be safe to assume that the
crime status of the area is related to the socio-economic condition of that area. The
District does not fall far from this truth. Lack of employment and thus poor economic
situation, coupled by the minimal recreation activity for the youth, could be a
contributing factor in the crimes committed. It is therefore important that the District
looks into such issues and develops measures that will assist in alleviating crime in the
area.




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                         33
DISTRIBUTION OF POLICE STATIONS WITHIN THE DISTRICT

LOCAL                    NUMBER OF POLICE                Names of Police
MUNICIPALITY             STATIONS                        Stations
Ingwe Municipality       3                               Bulwer, Creighton and
                                                         Donnybrook
Ubuhlebezwe              2                               Ixopo and Highflats
Municipality
Kwa-Sani Municipality    3                               Himeville, Bushmansnek
                                                         and Lotheni
Greater Kokstad          1                               Kokstad
Municipality
Umzimkulu                3                               Umzimkulu, Ibisi and
Municipality                                             Ntsikeni



2.5.7 SPORTS AND RECREATION

The youth have no places for recreational activities. Abuse of alcohol and other drug
substances by the youth are major problems within the district. Lack of recreational
facilities entrench the culture of soccer as the only sport for African communities. This
is based on the existence of informal soccer-fields as the only sporting option.
       Causing factors that contribute to the problem include:
       • Topographical constraints
       • Focus is more on the provision of infrastructural services
       Effects or consequences of the problems are:
       • Increase of crime levels.
       • Slow progress in youth development
       • Lack of diversified sporting activities

     Useful potentials/ resources
     • Upgrading and sharing of existing sports fields

     As alluded to above, soccer fields in bushy and steep areas are the only symbols of
     recreational facilities. These soccer fields were developed by communities, which
     is an indication of the existing backlog in recreational facilities. Although the
     communities indicate their interest in ensuring that the youth participate in
     sporting activities, there is however a need for the diversification of sports
     activities.




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                         34
2.5.8 TELECOMMUNICATION

The district is not adequately reticulated by TELKOM landline infrastructure. The DECT
system (telecommunication equipment using solar power) provided in a number remote
an area is often malfunctioning. Solar panels for the system are often stolen for use to
generate household power. Other DECT systems are plugged to electrical power, and
do not function when there are power failures. Cell phone network systems are non-
existent in most parts of the rural municipal area.

     Causing factors that contribute to the problem
     •   Sparse settlement pattern of the community
     •   Lack of electrical power for the DECT system
     •   General lack of electricity
     •   Crime

     Effects or consequences of the problems
     • The community members cannot call for help in emergency cases

     Useful potentials/ resources
     • Telkom
     • Connections within nodal areas
     • Cell phone connections

2.5.9 LAND

Sisonke is faced with high incidence of labor tenancy and related land evictions as the
tenants solely depend on the mercy of the land lord. The challenge for the Municipality
is the inability to provide basic services to these communities as they reside on privately
owned land. In addition SDM has a moral obligation to fast track the resolution of
pending land claims as the pace has been slowed down by the principle of willing-buyer
and willing-seller.
To circumvent this, the District needs to be pro-active and play a co-coordinating role
for local municipalities to identify all their land needs and land reform projects that have
been identified and have them included in their IDPs. DLA has given a verbal
commitment to make funding amounting to R500.000 available for the development of
Land Reform Needs Sector Plan for the District. The district and DLA are in the process
of developing Terms of Reference for the appointment of the service provider.

In the interim the District together with DLA meet on the District Land Coordinating
Committee to monitor progress on originally identified land reform projects. As soon as
the money has been transferred then the service provider will commence with a holistic
land district wide land reform sector plan identifying land for housing and economic
development.

Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                            35
2.5.10 HOUSING

Sisonke settlement pattern is mostly rural in nature with a significant number of
communities residing on farms as a result the district is faced with high incidence of
communities with no access to land and hence labor tenancy, with associated problems
of land evictions. The challenge for the Municipality is the inability to provide basic
services such as housing, water, electricity and roads to the majority of residence.

Human settlement for Sisonke District is not sustainable as it is not characterized by
well managed residential areas, economic growth and social facilities. Communities are
mostly located far away from job opportunities with no adequate access to main
transport facilities. Against this background SDM is coordinating the development of
housing sector plans by each local municipality. So far only Greater Kokstad has been
promised funding by Department of Housing and funds have been requested for other
local municipalities. It is only after the development of these plans by each local
municipality that it can be possible for the SDM to quantify housing backlogs. Also,
municipalities will be in position to strategically prioritize and plan housing projects and
align them with district priority projects in terms of the provision of services that fall
within the powers and functions of the district.

In terms of the alignment of housing projects with Municipal Infrastructure Grant (MIG)
the district municipality is making use of the MIG Forum which is composed of
representatives from Local Municipalities.

2.5.11 DISASTER MANAGEMENT

The Disaster Management Plan was prepared as part of the 2005/2006 IDP Review.
However the plan needs to be refined as it only focuses on Greater Kokstad Municipality
in terms of risks categories and associated mitigation measures. As a result of this,
current plan is not reflective of other local municipalities’ needs such that it can not be
labeled a ‘Sisonke Disaster Management (SDM) Plan’. The municipality is now in the
process of calling for proposals for the refinement of the plan which will be informed by
the needs of all local municipalities.
The Call for Proposals will also incorporate the establishment of the Disaster
Management Centre. The grant funding from DLGTA for disaster management is not
adequate for the establishment of the centre, hence there are delays in the
establishment of the centre. In terms of capacity building the district is in the process of
appointing a Disaster Coordinator, solely responsible for disaster management issues
throughout the district. At present there is no coherent framework in place and
responses to disasters are based on collaboration between the affected local
municipality, SDM and the Provincial Disaster Management Centre.

2.5.12 WASTE MANAGEMENT

The district municipality has no framework for waste management. The Waste
Management Plan for the district was developed in 2001 but it encompasses other
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                            36
areas of the former Indlovu Regional Council. As a result it is not a true reflection of
SDM. A comprehensive Waste Management Plan; Cemetery and Crematoria Plan will be
developed during 2006/2007 financial year.


2.5.13 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS

Vegetation

The general vegetation types found in the District are Ngongoni veld, Highland sourveld
and transitional veld. In the UBuhlebezwe Municipality the vegetation is varied while the
rest of the Municipality has a smaller variation in vegetation types. Ngongoni veld exists
in a narrow belt of rolling country just above the Coastal Forest belt. While the
vegetation has forest and scrub forest affinity it lacks the important constituents of
essential tropical nature. Within the District Ngongoni Veld usually occupies the valleys
while Highland Sourveld and Natal Mist Belt Ngongoni Veld exists on the ridges.
Highland Sourveld exists in the rolling country of the Drakensberg foothills and
dominates a large portion of the Municipality from Parts of Ingwe. The Natal Mist Belt
Ngongoni Veld on the other hand is less prominent in the District occurring mainly in
the UBuhlebezwe area of the District. Within the DMA and approaching it some of the
pure grassveld types occur particularly between Matatiele and Underberg and within the
DMA itself.
Geology

Soils and geology vary greatly throughout the District. Around Ixopo soils are leached
and of low inherent nutrient status with problems with Phosphorus fixation and
aluminium toxicity, they have low agricultural potential. East of Ixopo soils on hillsides
are shallow of the Mispah and Glenrosa.

In the valley bottoms pockets of deep alluvial soils are found. Areas of calcareous
duplex soils are also found east of Ixopo, these soils are highly erodible. Around the
edges of UBuhlebezwe soils are of the Table Mountain Sandstone plateau, with rugged
low potential soils in the north of the Local Municipality. On the eastern boundary of the
Municipality the soils are acid and leached. They consist of shallow sandy soils derived
from the Table Mountain series with heavier soils are derived from dolerite and Dwyka
Tillite. Within the UBuhlebezwe Local Municipality however small pockets of high
potential soils do occur, erosion on the steep slopes is however problematic in these
areas.

Surrounding Creighton soils are highly variable in both depth and drainage. These soils
have a relatively low agricultural potential. The rest of the Ingwe Local municipal area
however has soils of higher potential. East of Underberg and Himeville soils are
sedimentary derived and tend to be shallow and dry or poorly drained. The rest of the
Municipality is characterised by high potential soils that support a large variety of crops.
The majority of the Municipality however is dominated by sedimentary derived soils that
tend to be shallow and dry or poorly drained. The District Management Area consists of
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                            37
highly erodible humic soils with high aluminium toxicity, which limits rehabilitative
growth. Soils in Umzimkhulu consist of moderately deep to deep red and yellow
structure-less soils with moderate agricultural potential.

Topography

UBuhlebezwe demonstrates rugged terrain with hilly rolling country. In the East
numerous river valleys fragment the Local Municipality making the topography steep
with gently sloping valley bottoms. KwaSani demonstrates moderately rolling
topography with much of the area covered by mountainous topography. The DMA
moves from moderately rolling topography to the steeply rising foothills of the little
berg. The rest of the District including Kokstad is generally characterised by rolling
topography and uncharacteristic flat topography.
Rainfall and Temperature

UBuhlebezwe demonstrates a mean annual temperature of approximately 18°C with an
approximate mean annual rainfall of between 600 to 850 mm. Summers are warm with
Mild winters. Moderate frost occurs with occasional severe frost. Mists occur in spring
and early summer. Surrounding Ixopo occasional drought occurs, with heavy mists,
occasional hail and frost also being experienced. Berg winds and sudden cold fronts in
the area result in unpredictable weather conditions particularly in spring and early
summer.

Ingwe experiences average annual rainfall of approximately 800 to 1116 mm with much
less rainfall surrounding Creighton. In KwaSani the mean annual rainfall is from 800 to
1265 mm with a frequent occurrence of mist and occasional snow. Winters are cold
with severe frost and a mean annual temp of approximately 14°C. Surrounding and to
the east of Underberg however frost is common in occurring most commonly on the
flats or in hollows while the slopes experience lighter, less frequent frost. There is a
clearly defined cold dry season with mist and snow occurring less frequently than in the
rest of the Municipality.

In the Greater Kokstad municipality is summer rainfall group with a mean annual
temperature of 14°C.
In Umzimkhulu municipality summer is predominantly warm and winter is cold with
frost in some areas. Rainfall ranges from 750mm to 1050mm per annum.

The DMA has a mean annual rainfall is between 900 to over 1400mm with a mean
annual temperature of 11.5 °C. Summers are cool and winters are mild with frequent
severe frost and snowfalls especially in the Kwa Sani Municipal area and hail.

The District has prepared a Draft Strategic Environmental Assessment and
Environmental Management Plan. The plans will be reviewed to incorporate
Umzimkhulu Municipality.

Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                        38
One of the areas of concern that is outlined in the IDP Hearing Assessment Report is
the Development of Air Quality Management Plan in terms of the new Air Quality
Management Act 39 of 2004. It is worth mentioning that Air Quality is not a problem in
the area, this is due to the fact that the district does not have a well developed
industrial and manufacturing sector which produce emissions that might affect air
quality. The Air Quality Management Plan will then be considered once the
industrial/manufacturing sector starts to grow and poses a threat to the environment.

2.6 TECHNICAL/ENGINEERING ANALYSIS

2.6.1 ROADS

In urban areas of Ixopo, Underberg and Kokstad, fair to adequate road infrastructure is
generally in place. However funding for maintenance of these roads is not always
readily accessible. Ingwe, Greater Kokstad, Umzimkhulu and Ubuhlebezwe have the
huge portion of roads network (length). Umzimkhulu has an estimated road network
length of between 1000 and 1200. 00 km. This is due to the extent of the area in terms
of area size, rural settlements and the settlement pattern thereof. These settlements
are integrated to the regional economy be road networks.


                       Total Road Network Length (in KM)

  1400.00
  1200.00
  1000.00
    800.00                                                                 Total Road Network
                                                                           Length
    600.00
    400.00
    200.00
      0.00
                                                                 LM
                 LM


                             LM


                                          M


                                                   LM




                                                                       A
                                                                      M
                                        iL




                                                              lu
             e


                             e




                                                                      D
                                                   d
                                    an
            zw


                        w




                                                             u
                                                ta


                                                          kh
                         g


                                   aS


                                              ks
          be


                      In




                                                        zim
                                          Ko
                                 Kw
      le
      h




                                                       m
   bu




                                                  U
  U




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                               39
Maintenance on Gravel and Black Top Roads within Sisonke District
Municipality (Excluding Umzimkhulu as we are still in the process of sourcing
information)




                        100
                         90
                         80
                         70
                         60
                          50
                          40
                          30
                          20
                          10
                            0

                                       n   al                     l
                                                             ia                    t
                               a   tio                     nc                tr
                                                                                ic          ss                   GRAVEL
                           N                      o   vi                  is              ce           al
                                                Pr                    D                A
                                                                                        c
                                                                                                 L   oc          BLACK TOP
                                                                                                                 ASSETS
Source: KwaZulu Natal Department of Transports – transport authorities

The graph indicates roads within the district, the percentage of black top as well as
gravel roads that are being maintained

Provincial and District roads that needs to be upgraded

This table reflects the actual kilometers of black top and gravel roads in local
municipalities and roads planned to be upgraded when the funds are made available

Type of       Ingwe            KwaSani                                Kokstad                Ubuhlebezwe DMA
Roads
Black Top     106.21           219.61                                 126.22                 157.69         0
Gravel        557.51           161.29                                 440.76                 407.76         46
Upgraded      134.89           149.84                                 135.57                 150.42         0

In the context of local municipalities with a large rural component, e.g. Ingwe and
Ubuhlebezwe, apart from the main access routes, the roads condition is appalling. This
becomes the biggest limitation for a range of development initiatives which would
otherwise function with maximum impact.



Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                                                       40
Due to poor road conditions certain areas do not have public transport in the form of
taxis and buses. Communities have to take circuitous routes, which are costly in order
to reach nearby areas (also due to natural barriers in the form of mountains and major
river systems). Social facilities are not adequately used due to these barriers and certain
daily human activities are affected when it is raining, due to inaccessibility.

The table above has been translated into percentages and is shown in the graph below:


    100%
     90%
     80%
     70%
     60%                                                                                       POOR
     50%                                                                                       TO BE UPGRADED
     40%
                                                                                               ASSETS
     30%
     20%
     10%
      0%
                   e               ni             a   d                           e        A
              gw               a               st                            zw        M
            In              aS              ok                            be          D
                       K
                           w            K                        h   le
                                                              bu
                                                          U

Source: KwaZulu Natal Department of Transports – transport authorities


The graph reflects roads (assets) within the district, the percentage of poor roads that
needs to be upgraded and the percentage that are planned to be upgraded.

In order for Sisonke District Municipality to address the backlog in roads infrastructure,
it has prioritized constructing gravel roads totaling to 29km and has budgeted an
amount of R6.510 million in the current financial year (2005/2006) in order to meet its
priority. These roads are 7B type gravel roads which are the acceptable standard of
road services that is approved in accordance with the Department of Transport
standards of construction in the province.

The municipality is striving to provide means of linking the most isolated and
inaccessible rural areas with the more developed areas or areas of economic activities
and also to provide access to community facilities such as clinics, schools, pension
payout points, etc.


2.6.2 WATER

In terms of the delegation of powers and functions by the Minister of Provincial and
Local Government in 2003, the Sisonke District Municipality was identified as the only
water services authority within its area of jurisdiction. The municipality then undertook
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                                                   41
a Water and Sanitation Backlog Studies throughout the District. The purpose of the
study was to identify current number of people served, service levels and assist the
municipality to strategically plan and prioritize for future projects. A backlog study for
Umzimkhulu will be conducted in the next financial and the figure outlined below (for
Umzimkhulu) is merely an estimate.

Sisonke District still has a huge challenge in delivery of basic services as it depends on
grants to provide these services. The Municipality was established in December 2000
and has not had the resources to invest on revenue generating programs and projects.
Ingwe LM; Umzimkhulu LM and Ubuhlebezwe have a huge rural component with the
majority of its population residing in rural areas hence the high percentage of
population receiving water and sanitation below RDP Standards. Also; approximately
100 households in Umzimkhulu are still using a bucket system as means of sanitation
facility.

Services above RDP levels are provided mostly in urban places. Kokstad is the best
urbanized Local Municipality in this District compared to others. This explains the
highest figures in the percentage of population receiving services higher that RDP
levels.



                                  % POPULATION AT RDP STANDARD SERVICES


                       80
      Water at RDP
      standard
                       60
      Sanitation at
      RDP standard40



                       20


                          0    Greater Kokstad
                                                 KwaSani LM   Ubuhlebezwe LM   Ingwe LM   Umzimkhulu LM
                                     LM
  Water at RDP standard            75.04           53.71            7             2             5
  Sanitation at RDP standard       72.87           42.96            7             2            4.2




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                                             42
                            % POPULATION BELOW RDP STANDARD SERVICES


                      100
    W ater below
    RDP standard
                        80
    Sanitation
    below RDP
                        60
    standard
                        40

                        20

                            0   Greater Kokstad
                                                  KwaSani LM   Ubuhlebezwe LM     Ingwe LM    Um zim khulu LM
                                      LM
W ater below RDP standard            14.69          44.73          48.86           91.36              85
Sanitation below RDP standard        16.38          37.59          68.01           94.95              75




                                 % POPULATION ABOVE RDP STANDARD SERVICES



   Water above                  80
   RDP standard
                                60
   Sanitation
   above RDP                    40
   standard
                                20

                                 0     Greater              Ubuhlebezw                       Umzimkhulu
                                                Kw aSani LM                     Ingw e LM
                                     Kokstad LM                e LM                             LM

  Water above RDP standard              75.04         53.71          7             2             5
  Sanitation above RDP standard         72.87         42.96          7             2            4.2




 Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                                                  43
2.6.3 ELECTRICITY

The municipality has developed an Integrated Electrification Plan which contextualizes
the electrification planning with the national policy framework and within the
Municipality’s Integrated Development Plan. The planning takes into consideration and
includes the full spectrum of activities within the electricity supply and distribution, i.e.
backlog electrification, provision of free basic electricity, infrastructure development as
well as non-grid electrification.

The District is currently experiencing a massive challenge to eradicate backlogs which
are indicated in the Integrated Electrification Plan in the Ingwe and Ubuhlebezwe Local
Municipalities where it is tribal and farm land. The challenge is the overload of
networks. New substations have to be built to cater for future load and other networks
have to be split into two to create new feeder lines and/or install an additional feeder
bays which will sustain Local Economic Development.

The area in question extends from Umzimkulu, Highflats, Ixopo and Creighton to
Underberg. The Underberg sub-transmission system is supplied by the Elandskop
substation. The Ixopo sub-transmission system extends from Ariadne to Eros. Umzali
sub-station is currently being commissioned and this substation is expected to de-load
Ixopo.



                              NON-GRID




                                           Connections Achieved
                                    0      02/04
                                           Total Electrification
     255                                   Backlogs
                          0                Over All Percentage
                                           Completed
                          0




Sisonke DM IEP May 2005




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                             44
The graph shows that there were no connections on the Non-Grid electricity system in
the district and is also reflected by a 0% completion. The total backlog is reflected as
255 units.
                                  GRID




                                                    Connections Achieved
      45,172                                        02/04
                                         21%        Total Electrification
                                                    Backlogs
                                                    Over All Percentage
                          6,193                     Completed




The Grid system with in the district has seen 6193 in the 3 year cycle 2002/2004. The
total percentage covered to date is a mere 21%, indicating a huge percentage of
backlogs.

Sisonke District Municipality has budgeted R1 million for bulk infrastructure and another
R1 million for alternative energy to non-grid areas in the current financial year
(2005/2006). The municipality will provide a gel type of free basic alternative energy to
areas identified as non-grid for a period of a year as a pilot project.

2.6.4 IMPLEMENTATION OF FREE BASIC SERVICES

The Sisonke District Municipality is a Water Services provider in all its five Local
Municipalities. The municipality took over the status of Free Basic Services in the
following municipalities: Greater Kokstad; Ubuhlebezwe; Ingwe and Kwa Sani. All
municipalities with the exception of Ingwe have been providing Free Basic Services and
implementation has been different form municipality to municipality.

In Kwa Sani Municipality both households and business received 6kl per household or
per business per month and this was applicable in towns and townships. In Greater
Kosktad Municipality no one had access to Free Basic Services in town. However, in
townships and low cost housing development people enjoyed unlimited and
unmeasured free access to water. In Ubuhlebezwe Municipality low cost housing
development had unlimited and unmeasured free access to waster and 6kl per
household per month was applicable in townships and town.



Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                          45
In rural areas the municipality is providing Free Basic Services in a form of protected
springs and boreholes in areas with no formal schemes. In other RDP schemes
consumers have unlimited unmeasured access whilst. In other schemes with pre-paid
meter system consumers get free 3kl per household per month and two rural schemes
at medium level of service (low pressure yard connection) consumers pay a tariff of
R13-00 per household per month.

To address the above situation the municipality has embarked on compiling an Indigent
Register and the Indigent Policy has been prepared and adopted and is in the process
of being implemented.

2.7 OPERATIONAL AND INSTITUTIONAL ISSUES

2.7.1 ASSET MANAGEMENT

The management of the fixed assets of the Sisonke District Municipality is exercised in
accordance with the fundamental procedures listed below:
                         Acquisition procedure
                         Risk Management Procedure
                         Operation and Maintenance procedure and
                         Disposal Procedure

The acquisition procedure: is applied when a municipality acquires an asset be it
tangible or intangible. The fixed assets are acquired by way of purchase as well as
construction in respect of water and sanitation projects.

Risk management procedure: identifies risks pertaining to each asset and the
municipality decides to the class of assets that are to be insured.

Operation and maintenance procedure: map out maintenance schedule of all classes of
assets in an effort to prolong the life span of these assets, thus improving efficiency in
service delivery.

Disposal procedure: is applied in accordance with the provisions of the Municipal
Finance Management Act of 2003.

The Sisonke District Municipality has inherited water and sanitation infrastructure from
Local Municipalities as a result of the division of powers and function by the Minister.
The assets that were inherited need to be refurbished. This poses major financial
challenges to the municipality which has major service delivery backlogs and has
minimal revenue base.

The municipality is in the process of compiling an assets register and this project is
nearing completion. Subsequent to that the municipality will prepare Asset Management
Policy which will strengthen the implementation of procedures.

Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                          46
2.7.2 OUTSTANDING DEBT

Debt management encompasses a series of activities in order for the municipality
charge consumers as equitably as possible. The said activities are meter reading, billing
and the eventual remittance of consumer statements which are sent to debtors on a
monthly basis.

 Letters of demand are sent to debtors whose outstanding debts are 30 days in arrear.
Outstanding debts that are 60 days and above are handed to the debt collectors for
collection. The municipality is in the process of compiling an indigent register that will
consolidate all the local municipalities under its jurisdiction. Subsequent to this both the
indigent and credit control policies will be developed. The outstanding balance of
debtors is R13 090 228.29 as at 31 May 2006

2.7.3 ANNUAL FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Sisonke District Municipality has not been able to produce and submit its Annual
Financial Statements in conformity with the Municipal Finance Management Act. In an
Endeavour to produce Annual Financial Statement timely the municipality is acquiring a
new financial management system that will go live on 01 August 2006.

For the municipality to achieve the deadline date for the submission of the annual
financial statements the following activities will be carried out.

              Monthly reconciliation of the ledger accounts will be prepared.
              Quarterly reports as required by the Municipal Finance Management Act
              will be prepared.
              A complete set of annual financial statements will be prepared

2.7.4 FLEET MANAGEMENT

In order to facilitate service delivery and easy access to communities to address their
needs that municipality has fleet which requires adequate monitoring and maintenance.
The municipality has bought vehicles and disaster trucks which requires a well
developed fleet management systems. Fleet management provides vehicles and
transport management solutions to its users in order to minimize transport cost and
maximize production.

To achieve the above we need to establish best practice monitoring processes based on
quality information supported by council vehicle or fleet management policy.

Components of Fleet Management

   1. Intergrated Fleet Management

              Asset register
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                            47
             Maintenance management
             Licensing, licence renewal, and traffic fines
             Accident management
             Fuel management
             Vehicle replacement and disposal
             Leasing management
             Registration for insurance

   2. Vehicle selection
   3. Driver’s manual and it covers the following

             Vehicle maintainance
             What to do in case of an accident
             Personal use and general informantion
             Safety

   4. Fleet administration includes the following

             Establish and enforce fleet / transport policies
             Monitor replacement schedules
             Maintain accurate database (Asset register and historic information)
             Prepare monthly reports
             Need to know vehicle whereabouts at all times
             Check trip sheets and log books
             Make use of the tracker system

An efficient fleet management system depends on access to data that is accurate, up to
date and relevant. The tracker system Sisonke DM has been recently installed to all
municipal vehicles and is hoped to improve fleet management within the municipality
because it can provide all the reports needed accurate and in time.

2.7.5 INSITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENT

Background

This document serves to briefly outline the current state of affairs and developmental
interventions that are being made to ensure that the Sisonke HR Unit complements the
Sisonke IDP to ensure the effective and efficient implementation of the KZN Provincial
Growth and Development Strategy. The document will focus on Human Resource
Strategy; Development; and Organisational Development.

Human Resource Strategy

Sisonke District Municipality has a Human Resources Operational Strategy which was
developed in 2004 and it is reviewed annually, in line with the Sisonke IDP. The vision
for Human Resources is to unfold the human potential of the District by creating
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                       48
conducive conditions for efficient and effective delivery of services in an attempt to
“deliver and grow together”. The three general human resources objectives are:
   • To establish the belief that the human resources of the organisation consists of
       unique individuals who can make a meaningful impact on the success of the
       organisation.
   • To establish employer and employee adaptation to each other to the advantage
       of both parties.
   • The support of the human resources manager by other line and staff managers
       in the execution of tasks related to human resources and management of
       people.

Human resources also have strategic objectives that are outlined below:
  • Management of human resources so as to ensure that areas of priority within the
     workplace are addressed;
  • Promotion of the element of cost effectiveness in the use of resources within the
     workplace;
  • Encourage skills development to intensify capacity building;
  • Maximize human resources management and organisational support;
  • Ensure effective communication
  • Develop and strengthen awareness campaigns and programmes on HIV/AIDS,
     STDs, TB and other epidemics/pandemics;
  • To break the barriers of unemployment amongst youth, rural women and the
     general unemployment rate by encouraging Skills Development Programmes and
     Job Creation Programmes;
  • To encourage that the code of conduct for the public service be put to practice
     so as to avoid ethical dilemma in the workplace;
  • To instill discipline within the workplace;
  • To ensure Human Resources Policies are adopted and implemented within the
     organisation;
  • To develop a uniform Induction Programme;
  • Ensure the workforce observes and undertakes the collective agreement on the
     conditions of service;
  • To develop an asset management strategy and ensure accountability and annual
     stocktaking within the human resources unit;
  • To constantly review human resources allocation and management strategies;
  • Establish and identify areas of close attention within the district, i.e. time
     management, discipline, absenteeism, etc
  • Direct, where possible, organisational resources to contracts and projects which
     enhance job creation;
  • Ensure the Local Labour Forum functions effectively and efficiently;
  • To develop a monthly operational plan and a monthly reporting instrument for
     staff;
  • Introduction of Work Review Practice and Workplace Manuals




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                      49
 The Council has developed a Human Resources Policies Manual which is currently in its
2nd Draft form. It was revised by council in 2004 and has been prepared for further
amendment and final approval. It contains policies on:
   • Employment Equity
   • Leave
   • Recruitment, Selection and Retention
   • Employment Benefits
   • Education, Training and Development
   • Health and Welfare
   • Labour Relations


The Human Resources Profile of the organisation as at 30 June 2006 looks like this:

Sisonke District Municipality Statistical Analysis
EMPLOYEE PROFILE BY RACE AND GENDER
Total staff, including councilors                    : 230

Gender
Females                                              : 70      = 30%
Males                                                : 160     = 70%

Race
Whites                                     : 05            = 02%
Asians                                               : 02       = 01%
Coloureds                                            : 23       = 10%
Africans                                             : 200      = 87%

CURRENT WORKFORCE (JUNE 2006) IN RELATION TO LOCAL POPULATION (2001
STATS)
                   LOCAL POPULATION      WORKFORCE
AFRICAN            280339 (93 %)         200 (87%)
WHITE                 6984 (2%)            5 (2%)
ASIAN                  984 (0.33%)         2 (1%)
COLOURED             10087 (3.38%)        23 (10%)
MALE               138396 (46.38%)       160 (70%)
FEMALE             159998 (53.62%)        70 (30%)

When looking at the above statistics one can say that in terms of race, the municipality
is on the right track in terms of equity. There is a need to employ more African people.
In terms of gender, the municipality needs to improve through biased recruitment and
biased training towards females. There is an Employment Equity Plan under
implementation, which seeks to tackle this challenge. The plan is reviewed annually.



Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                         50
There is limited awareness of the Municipality Vision and Mission by employees. This is
a challenge to the HR Unit to ensure that staff is informed of the strategic direction of
the municipality. Employees who have made it their task to understand the strategic
direction of the municipality are commended. The Workplace Skills Plan 2006/7 has
prioritized this aspect.


The vacancy rate was 15 prior to 30 June 2006. According to the newly adopted
Organogram and Budget the following vacancies are identified:

Municipal Manager’s Office
   • Personal Assistant
   • Executive Secretary
Corporate Services Department
   •   Director: Administration & Support
   •   Administration Assistant
   •   Switchboard Operator
   •   Reprographer/Typist
   •   Fleet Management Officer
   •   Senior Committee Officer
Financial Services Department
   •   Chief Accountants x 2
   •   Accountants x 3
   •   Stores Officers x 4
   •   Clerks x 3
   •   Cashiers x 2
Infrastructure Services Department
   •   Executive Director: Infrastructure Services
   •   Executive Secretary
   •   Chief Projects Administration Officer
   •   Senior Contracts Officer
   •   Admin Assistant
   •   Projects Quality & Safety Officer
   •   Director: Municipal Works
   •   Chief Technicians x 2
   •   Senior ISD Officer
   •   ISD Officers x 3
Operations Services Department
   •   Admin Assistant
   •   PMS & IDP Officer
   •   Public Relations Officer
   •   Director: Internal Audit
   •   Senior Internal Auditor
   •   Internal Auditors x 3
Community Services Department
   • Chief Environmental Health Practitioner
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                         51
   •   Disaster Manager
   •   Admin Assistants x 4
   •   Disaster Officer
   •   Tourism Officer
   •   Planners x 3
   •   General Assistant
   •   Disaster Volunteers x 8

   Water Services Department
   •   Executive Secretary
   •   Call Center Officer
   •   Call Attendants x 2
   •   Advocacy Officer
   •   Chief Technician
   •   Superintendents x 2
   •   Admin Assistant
   •   Meter Reader Supervisors x 4
   •   Meter Readers x 13
   •   Office Attendant
   •   Plumbers x 2
   •   Handymen x 6
   •   General Assistants x 25
   •   Tractor Driver
   •   Operator
   •   Trainee Operators x 2


The Human Resources Policies Manual reflects deeply on the Recruitment and Retention
of Staff; Training and development; and Succession Plan

There are interventions made to retain recruited staff though they are still loosely
coordinated and are still being piloted. A staff recruitment and retention policy was
adopted by council and has been revised for endorsement by council.

Skills Development opportunities are provided by the annual development of a
Workplace Skills Plan, which aligns training with Sector and IDP priorities. A Skills Audit
is further conducted annually to establish existing skills and training needs of the
employees. The WSP is implemented and an annual report is sent to the LGSETA.

Organisational Development
Sisonke District Municipality is moving towards a structure aligned to the development
plans in the IDP, Provincial Growth and Development Strategy the Local Government
Sector Plan and National Key Performance Indicators.
Sisonke currently has the following Departments and a new organogram has been
adopted by council for implementation in terms of the new structure:

Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                           52
   • Municipal Manager’s Department
   • Corporate Services Department
   • Financial Services Department
   • Economic and Community Services Department
   • Infrastructure Services Department
Below is the new structure which has been adopted by the Council. Detailed
organogram of each of the following departments is available on request.

Blue: Filled Posts; Red: Frozen until funding is available; Green: vacant and to be filled
in 2006/07 financial year and Purple: temporary filled




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                          53
                                                        Municipal Manager




                                          Personal Assistant/
                                             Researcher




                                              Executive
                                              Secretary




                                                                                           Executive
    Executive            Executive             Executive           Executive Director:                     Executive
                                                                                           Director:
    Director:            Director:             Director:              Economic &                            Director:
                                                                   Community Services
                                                                                         Infrastructure
Financial Services   Corporate Services        Operations                                                 Water Services
                                                                                            Services




        Corporate Services Department
                                                   Executive Director:
                                                   Corporate Services




                      Executive
                      Secretary




                     Director:                                                         Director:
              Administration & Support                                              Human Resources




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                                                    54
               Water Services Department
                                                                         Executive Director
                                                                          Water Services



                                                       Executive
                                                                                                           Call Center Officer
                                                       Secretary




                                                                                              Call Attendants                Call Attendants



                                                         Director:                         Director:
                                                       Water Services                    Water Services
                                                         Authority                         Provision


                                      Administration
                                        Assistant



       Senior ISD Officer :           Senior ISD Officer :           Technical Advisor :                Advocacy Officer :
             Water                        Sanitation                 Water & Sanitation                 Water & Sanitation




           Operations Services Department
                                                                     Executive Director:
                                                                        Operations



                                                             Executive                  Administration
                                                             Secretary                    Assistant


                                                                                          Director:
                 Director:                                                                                                            Director:
                                                                                      Legal & Councilor
                IDP & PMS                                                                                                           Internal Audit
                                                                                          Support

                                                                             Special
                              Public Relations                                                                                          Senior
PMS & IDP Officer                                                          Programmes                    Mayor’s Driver
                                   Officer                                                                                          Internal Auditor
                                                                              Officer

                                             Community                4 X Secretaries:
                                                                                                                   Internal Auditor:
                                             Participation             Mayor, Speaker
                                                                                                                  Ingwe & KwaSani
                                               Monitor               2 X Exco Members


                                         Events Coordinator/                                                        Internal Auditor:
                                           Spokesperson                                                          Ubuhlebezwe & Sisonke




                                                                                                                  Internal Auditor:
                                                                                                                 GKM & Umzimkhulu




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                                                                                  55
                 Community Services Department
                                                                           Executive
                                                                        Director: Econ &
                                                                        CommServices



                                                            Executive
                                                            Secretary



                    Director:
                                                                                                                            Director:
                 Development &
                                                                                                                          Social Services
                   Planning



                                 Administration                                               Chief                                                         Disaster Manager:
   GIS Officer
                                   Assistant                                                  EHP                                                                 Ixopo



                                 Administration                  Senior:                                                 Senior:                Administration
  GIS Assistant                                                                                                                                                           4 X Volunteers
                                     Clerk                        EHP                                                     EHP                     Assistant



                                  Chief LED &
  Chief Planner                                                            EHP: Ubuhlebezwe              EHP: Kokstad                          General Assistant
                                 Tourism Officer



                    Planner:                                                 EHP: Ingwe &                                                      Disaster Officer:                       Disaster Officer:
                                                   LED Officer                                         EHP: Umzimkhulu
                  Sector Plans                                                 KwaSani                                                           Umzimkhulu                               Underberg



                Planner:                                                                                                           Administration                         Administration
                                              Tourism Officer
            Human Settlements                                                                                                        Assistant                              Assistant



                    Planner:
                  Development                                                                                                                   4 X Volunteers                         4 x Volunteers
                   Application




         Infrastructure Services Department
                                                                                                        Executive Director:
                                                                                                      Infrastructure Services



                                                            Executive                                                                               Chief Projects Administration
                                                            Secretary                                                                                          Officer



                                                                                                                           Senior Contracts Officer                              Data Capturer



                                                                                                                                   Administration                                Administration
                                                                                                                                   Assistant: PMU                                Assistant: MW



                                                                                                                                                      Chief Engineer (PrEng):
                                                        Senior ISD Officer
                                                                                                                                                             Contracts



                              ISD Officer:                                        ISD Officer :                                                                              Projects Quality,
                                                                                                                                       Draughtsman                         Health & Safety Officer
                           Ingwe & KwaSani                                        Ubuhlebezwe



                            ISD Officer :
                          GKM & Umzimkhulu



                                           Director: Project Management
                                                                                                                                                         Director: Municipal Works
                                                        Unit


                                                                                                                                     Chief Technician: EPWP,                   Chief Technician:
    Chief Technician:                               Chief Technician:                        Chief Technician:
                                                                                                                                      Electricity, Solid Waste             Roads & Municipal Buildings
     Ubuhlebezwe                                     Ingwe/KwaSani                          Kokstad/Umzimkhulu
                                                                                                                                         & Special Projects                       Maintenance




Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                                                                                                                        56
        Financial Services Department
                                Executive Director:
                                Financial Services


               Executive
               Secretary

                                                        Director: Budget &
          Director: Income &
                                                           Supply Chain
             Expenditure                                   Management




In terms of the political arrangement the municipality has the following committees:

THE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL:

Governed by the rules and standing orders

THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

INTRODUCTION

The Municipal Structures Act, 117 of 1998 prescribes the methodology for the
establishment of Municipal Council Committees.

FUNCTIONS AND SCOPE OF MANDATE FOR THE COMMITTEE

   •   An Executive Committee is a principal committee of the Council of the
       municipality
   •   The Committee receives reports from other committees of the Council and which
       must forward the reports together with its recommendations to the Council when
       it can not dispose of the matter in terms of its delegated powers
   •   The Committee identifies the needs of the municipality
   •   Review and evaluate those needs in order of priority
   •   Recommend to the municipal council strategies, programs and services to
       address priority needs through the integrated development plan and estimates of
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                          57
       expenditure and revenue, taking into cognizance any applicable national and
       provincial development plans; and
   •   Recommend or determine the best methods, including partnership and other
       approaches , to deliver those strategies, programs and services to the maximum
       benefit of the community
   •   Identify and develop criteria in terms of which progress in the implementation of
       the strategies, programs and services can be evaluated, including key
       performance indicators which are specific to the municipality and common to
       local government in general
   •   Evaluate progress against the key performance indicators
   •   Review the performance of the municipality in order to improve:
       1) the economy, efficiency and effectiveness of the municipality
       2) the efficiency of credit control and revenue and debt collection services; and
       3) the implementation of the municipality’s by-laws
   •   Monitor the management of the municipality’s administration in accordance with
       the policy directions of the municipal council
   •   Oversee the provision of services to communities in the municipality in a
       sustainable manner
   •   Perform such duties and exercise such powers as council may delegate to it in
       terms of section 32
   •   Annually report on the involvement of communities and community organizations
       in the affairs of the municipality and
   •   Ensure that regard is given to public views and report on the effect of
       consultation on the decisions of the council.

SOCIAL SERVICES, SPORTS AND RECREATION COMMITTEE

INTRODUCTION

The Municipal Structures Act, 117 of 1998 prescribes the methodology for the
establishment of Municipal Council Committees.

FUNCTIONS AND SCOPE OF MANDATE FOR THE COMMITTEE

   The Social Services, Sports and Recreation is to assist the Executive Committee to
   promote a safe, healthy and enabling environment. The Committee shall be
   responsible for undertaking research, planning and recommendation of best
   methods and strategies with respect to the following functions of the Municipal
   Council, in each case advising the Executive Committee:-

          Social Development strategies for all sectors of the District community,
          including but not limited to Senior Citizens, Youth, Women (Gender issues),
          children and people with disabilities.


Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                        58
          Environmental Health System: the planning and development of a system and
          mechanisms to implement an effective and efficient environmental health
          system.
          Sports and Recreation, Heritage, Arts and Culture: coordinating and initiating
          programmes and projects aimed at developing the skills, knowledge, talent
          and participating in social regeneration of all sectors of the community.
          Disaster Management: planning and local economic including disaster
          mitigation i.e. put measures in place to deal with disaster should it happen.
          Undertaking any other related functions which may be requested by the
          Committee from the Executive Committee.
          Receive reports and evaluate progress.

DELEGATED AUTHORITY/POWERS OF THE COMMITTEE

The Committee shall have delegated powers with respect to the following, which may
be extended or amended by the Executive Committee at any given point:-

       Participating in National and Provincial social development programmes.
       The Committee shall consider supporting indigent families for burial services of
       their family members.
       Referral of any matter falling within its delegated authority to the Executive
       Committee or any Committee for consideration in the first instance.
       Requesting that an item be deliberated on in a joint session with another
       Municipal Council Committee.
       Formulating policies and procedures in respect of its legislative functions and
       considering all matters of a policy nature incidental to the terms of reference.
       And other authority delegated to it by the Executive Committee, notwithstanding
       that a request may be made for a delegation to be authorized.

ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS

   •   The Committee shall advise the Executive Committee on all fiscal and other
       strategies designed to promote development and sound management of social
       community issues.
   •   The Committee shall set its annual calendar for meetings and programmes,
       which shall be advertised in the print or broadcast media.
   •   The Committee shall oversee the implementation of resolutions taken by the
       Executive Committee with respect to relevant functions.
   •   The Committee shall receive secretarial support services from the Corporate
       Services Department.
   •   Guidance, support and deliberations on reports will be led by the Executive
       Director: Economic and Community Services.




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THE INFRASTRUCTURE COMMITTEE

INTRODUCTION

The Municipal Structures Act, 117 of 1998 prescribes the methodology for
establishment of Municipal Council Committees. The Infrastructure Committee (hereby
referred to as the “Committee” is established in terms of Section 80 of the Municipal
Structures Act.

FUNCTIONS AND SCOPE OF MANDATE OF THE                               COMMITTEE

The object of the Infrastructure Committee is to assist the Executive Committee to
promote service delivery with the District Municipality. The Committee shall be
responsible for undertaking research, planning and recommendation of best methods
and strategies with respect to the following functions of the Municipal Council, in each
case advising the Executive Committee:-

          Bulk electricity supply which includes for the purposes of such supply, the
          transmission, distribution and where applicable the generation of electricity.
          Bulk sewage reticulation infrastructure (including bulk water reticulation and
          domestic waste water) and solid waste disposal.
          Solid Waste disposal infrastructure relating to the determination of waste
          disposal strategy. Establishment operation and control of waste disposal sites,
          bulk waste transfer facilities and waste disposal facilities.
          Municipal roads which form an integral part of a road transport system for the
          area of the district municipality as a whole.
          Any other municipal public works allocated to the municipality.
          The Infrastructure Committee shall advise the Executive Committee on all
          fiscal and other incentives designed to promote infrastructure development.
          Overseeing of the implementation of infrastructure project.
          Prioritization of infrastructure development projects and recommend to the
          Executive Committee.
          Support administration in community liaison issues relevant to infrastructure
          development.
          Represent council on seminars/ workshops related to Infrastructure
          development.
          The Committee must recommend the provision/approval of funds for
          unforeseen infrastructural improvements.
          Overseeing the implementation of projects and support committees relevant
          to community development.




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   DELEGATED AUTHORITY/POWERS OF THE COMMITTEE

   The Committee shall have delegated powers with respect to the following which may
   be extended or amended by the Executive Committee at any given point:-

         The infrastructure Committee may perform any duties and exercise any
         powers delegated to it by the executive committee.
         The infrastructure Committee shall report to the Executive Committee in
         accordance with the directions of the Executive Committee.
         Participating in national and provincial infrastructure related development
         programmes.
         Requesting that an item be deliberated on in a joint session with another
         Municipal Council Committee.
         Formulating policies and procedures in respect of its legislative functions and
         considering all matters of a policy nature.
         Combine priority lists of infrastructural projects for approval by the Executive
         Committee.
         On site inspection of projects on the ground.
         Monitor projects implementation.
         Receive and evaluate progress reports of infrastructure projects.
         Nominate delegates to attend seminars, conferences and summits.


   ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS

         o The Committee shall advise the Executive Committee on        all fiscal and
           other strategies designed to promote development and sound
           management of projects.
         o The Committee shall set its annual calendar for meetings and
           programmes, which shall be advertised in the print or broadcast media.
         o The Committee shall oversee the implementation of resolutions taken by
           the Executive Committee with respect to relevant functions.
         o The Committee shall receive secretarial support services from the
           Corporate Services Department.
         o Administration and giving advise and guidance will be led by the Executive
           Director: Infrastructure/ Technical Services.

DEVELOPMENT AND PLANNING COMMITTEE


INTRODUCTION

The Municipal Structures Act, 117 of 1998 prescribes the methodology   for   the
establishment of Municipal Council      Committees. The Planning and Development


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Committee (hereby referred to as the “Committee” is established in       terms       of
Section 80 of the Municipal Structures Act.

FUNCTIONS AND SCOPE OF MANDATE FOR THE                     COMMITTEE

   The Planning and Development Committee is to assist the        Executive
   Committee to promote a safe, healthy and enabling environment. The Committee
   shall be responsible for       undertaking research, planning and recommendation
   of best methods with respect to the following functions of the       Municipal
   Council, in each case advising the Executive      Committee:-

         The Planning and Development Committee shall oversee that Planning and
         Development within the district municipality area of jurisdiction takes place.
         The Committee shall receive and evaluate reports relating to development.
         The Committee shall establish partnership with already established
         businesses in order to expand Local Economic Development.
         Inward investment and promotion.
         The Committee will work towards broadening advancement of Black
         Economic Empowerment.
         The Committee shall approve development applications.
         The Committee will work in promoting tourism within the district.
         Establishment of poverty alleviation initiatives.
         The Committee shall monitor progress and use of land after transfer.
         Revitalization of declining towns.
         Job creation initiatives
         Identify mechanisms and advise the Executive Committee on viable
         Infrastructure for Local Economic Development ensuring creation of jobs,
         development of Local markets and ensuring community empowerment.
         Encouragement livable and sustainable human settlements.
         Disposal of carcasses and solid waste.
         Development of sector plans and monitor that sector plans are undertaken.

DELEGATED AUTHORITY/ POWERS OF THE                   COMMITTTEE

The Committee shall have delegated powers with respect to the following which may be
extended or amended by the Executive Committee at any given point:-

      Participating in National and Provincial planning and development programmes.
      Referral of any matter falling within its delegated authority to the Executive
      Committee or any Committee for consideration in the first instance.
      Requesting that an item be deliberated on in a joint session with another
      Municipal Council Committees.
      Formulating policies and procedures in respect of its legislative functions and
      considering all matters of a policy nature incidental to the terms of reference.
      Any other authority delegated to it by the Executive Committee, notwithstanding
      that a request may be made for a delegation to be authorized.
Sisonke District Municipal IDP: Tel. 039-8348700, 039-8341750                       62
ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS

          The Committee shall advise the Executive Committee on all fiscal and other
          strategies designed to promote planning and development.
          The Committee shall set its annual calendar for meetings and programmes.
          The Committee shall oversee the implementation of resolutions taken by the
          Executive Committee with respect to relevant functions.
          The guidance and direction to be given by the Executive Director: Economic
          and Community Services.

WATER AND SANITATION COMMITTEE

INTRODUCTION

The Municipal Structures Act, 117 of 1998 prescribes the methodology for
establishment of Municipal Council Committees. The Water and Sanitation Committee
(hereby referred to as the “Committee” is established in terms of Section 80 of the
Municipal Structures Act.

FUNCTIONS AND SCOPE OF MANDATE

   •   Provide to the Executive Committee, recommendations on legislation and policies
       relating to the following functions:
              1) Water;
              2) Sanitation;
              3) Ensure that all Safety issues relating to the above are adhered to;
              4) Legislative compliance
              5) Receive progress reports on the issues mentioned above and evaluate
              progress
   •   Responsible to assist the Executive Committee in the co-ordination of functions
       pertaining to its portfolio.
   •   Considering reports from the designated officials for the portfolio, or other
       functionary and submit its recommendations on such issues to the Executive
       Committee
   •   Perform any duties and exercise any powers delegated to it by the Executive
       Committee
   •   May sub-delegate any duty or power delegated to it by the Executive Committee
       to any Political Office Bearer or the Municipal Manager
   •   May within the limits of any Policy Directives of the Executive Committee and
       adopted Integrated Development Plan issue policy directives to any Political
       Office Bearer or the Municipal Manager to whom discretion has been sub-
       delegated by it for the exercise of any power by such person under such sub-
       delegation
   •   To assist the Executive Committee to promote a safe and healthy environment
       by advising the Executive Committee on:
              1) All policies and bylaws for the water and sanitation services
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             2) The review of those bylaws, regulations, rules and tariffs that regulate
             and arise out of matters within the Terms of Reference of the Committee
             and the proposal of amendments and additions thereto.
   •   Appoint from within its membership a sub-committee with powers to co-opt such
       other members as the sub-committee deem fit, to consider and report to the
       committee on any matter falling within its terms of reference
   •   Consider all matters of a policy nature incidental to the terms of reference
   •   Recommend to the Executive Committee strategies, programs and services to
       address water and sanitation needs through the water services development plan
       and integrated development plan; taking into account any applicable national
       and provincial development strategies and
   •   Recommend or determine the best methods, including partnership and other
       approaches, to deliver water and sanitation services, programs and services to
       the maximum benefit of the community
   •   Oversee random water quality testing undertaken within the district municipality
   •   The Water and Sanitation Committee in performing its duties must:
             1) Identify and develop criteria in terms of which progress in the
                  implementation of water and sanitation strategies, programs and
                  services it recommended to the Executive Committee can be
                  evaluated, including key performance indicators which are specific to
                  the Municipality and common to local government and water sector in
                  general

   •   Evaluate progress against the key performance indicators, which include
       provision of water and sanitation
   •   Monitor water services administration
   •   Oversee the provision of water and basic sanitation services to the community is
       in a sustainable manner, in compliance with Section 3 of the Water Services Act
   •   Ensure that regard is given of particular scheme specific and reports on the
       effect of consultation on the decisions of the Executive Committee
   •   Make recommendations to the Executive Committee about provision of water
       services to areas outside the district municipality
   •   To report to the Executive Committee on all decisions and resolutions taken by it
   •   Where necessary, make a request to the district municipality for financial,
       technical and administrative support services for unforeseen water development
       services, planning and provision related matters.


DELEGATED AUTHORITY/ POWERS OF THE                    COMMITTTEE

The Committee shall have delegated powers with respect to the following, which may
be extended or amended by the Executive Committee
   • Participating in National and Provincial water and sanitation programs
   • Referral of any matter falling within its delegated authority to the Executive
      Committee for consideration in the first instance

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   •   Requesting that an item be deliberated on in a joint session with another
       Municipal Council Committee
   •   Formulating policies and procedures in respect of its legislative functions and
       considering all matters of a policy nature incidental to the terms of reference
   •   Any other authority delegated to it by the Executive Committee, notwithstanding
       that a request may be made for a delegation to be authorized

ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS

   •   The Committee shall advise the Executive Committee on all fiscal and other
       strategies designed to promote development and sound management of water
       and sanitation issues
   •   The Committee shall set its annual calendar for meetings and programs
   •   The Committee shall oversee the implementation of resolutions taken by the
       Executive Committee with respect to relevant functions
   •   The Committee shall receive secretarial support services from the Corporate
       Services Department
   •   The Executive Director: Water Services shall give direction, guidance, support
       and reports to the Committee

2.8 PUBLIC PARTICIPATION

The Sisonke District Municipality is striving to promote public participation in the affairs
of the municipality as required in the Municipal Systems Act of 2000. Mayoral Imbizos
and IDP/Budget Road Shows have proven to be successful in ensuring that the
communities are informed and can effectively participate in municipal processes. Four
Local Municipalities {Umzimkhulu; Greater Koksatd; Ingwe and Ubuhlebezwe} have
established ward committees. Kwa Sani Municipality has no ward committees and is
using development committees.

In the IDP Process; IDP Representative Forums are in place and continuity in terms of
representation on the forum by community members remains a challenge. The Sisonke
District Municipality, as means of capacity building has allocated funding to workshop all
ward committees on the IDP process and their role. The ward committees are vital
structures in ensuring continued and effective public participation.




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