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					14th Century                                                  18th Century                                                      19th Century                                                                                               19 Century
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1353                                  1600s                                         1780 onwards                                    1821-1831                       Mid 1800s                              1844                                           1847                                      1861                                       1871-1881                    1894                                   1898                               1904                                 1911                                 1914-1918 WWI                              1920s                         1939-45 WWII                                                Post WWII                        1940s onwards                                   1950s and 60s                                           1970s                                   1991                          1997-99                     1999                               2003                        2003                                2005
 Flemish weavers                       Armenian merchants                              Jewish migrants begin to settle                 Greek War of Independence     Germans, Greeks, Jews,                   “The Night Asylum of Manchester has          Society for Really Deserving                Greek Orthodox Church is                 Boom time, the population      Salford Docks opens. Massive         B.W. Levy, a Jewish man,           Lithuanians, Poles and West            1911 Census:                       Refugees flee to the UK, eg. Polish          Greek community in          Refugees enter the UK as during the last War. Hitler’s      Armenians from Cyprus,           A flow of Greek Cypriots begin                   Lots of immigration from Caribbean Islands               Greek Cypriot refugees arrive           There is a substantial      Refugees flee DR Congo        Kosovan Albanian refugees        Iraq Invasion by USA and    The City agrees to take                “In my culture, if it is raining and someone
 settle in                             settle and influence                            in Manchester and Salford.                      Many Christian Greeks flee    and other communities are                been open for about 4 years…In one of        and Distressed Foreigners is                built in Salford. There is a             of Salford increases by        success and influx of workers        is given the freedom of the        Ukrainians establish a club and        1,500 Germans in Manchester        and Ukrainian in Manchester and              Greater Manchester          dictatorship causes an exodus of political and religious    Iran, Iraq, Lebanon and Syria    to settle following violence in Cyprus,          and the Indian subcontinent, mainly settle in            after Turkish invasion of Cyprus        Jewish population in the    in 1997 and 1999              arrive in Greater Manchester.    UK troops. Iraqis have      1130 asylum seekers and                takes shelter on your veranda, you don't tell
 Ordsall Village.                      textile industry.                               Repressive regimes in Europe                    persecution. Some settle      well established when                    those great rooms Africans, Asiatics and     set up, funded mainly by                    strong local Greek community.            51,000 to 176,000.             from around the globe: Irish,        borough by Salford Corporation     chapel in Manchester.                  and Salford: one of the largest    Salford. Many Salford buildings              moves away as the           refugees, for example from Germany, Ukraine, Poland.        come to Greater Manchester in    reinvigorating the community.                    Moss Side in Manchester, but the earliest                in 1974.                                Kersal and Broughton        because of war linked to      1998-1999 human rights           made up largest             refugees. A total of 1214              them to go away. When the rain stops they move
                                                                                       such as the Napoleonic Wars                     in Salford.                   Armenians begin to settle.               Europeans often creep in together for        subscriptions from settled                                                                                          African, Arab, Poles, Hungarians,    at the same time as it is given                                           settled communities.               are converted to refugee centres.            textile trade declines.     Many of these continue to settle in the area.               small numbers.                                                                    community settle by the Docks in Salford.                                                        Park areas.                 1994 Rwandan genocide         abuses reported. NATO            numbers of UK asylum        are dispersed in the area.             on. This applies to me at this moment - the
                                                                                       cause further Jewish                                                                                                   shelter from the chilly blasts of an Eng-    immigrants.                                                                                                         Maltese, Swedish, Norwegian,         to B. Armitage, Elkanah’s son.                                                                               American troops arrive at the Docks.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Peace deal breaking           bombs Yugoslavia.                seekers since 2001 due      Dispersal is currently not             storm is raging and I am only taking shelter;
                                                                                       movement to the area.                                                                                                  lish winter’s night.”                                                                                                                                            Scottish, Turkish, Yemeni to name                                                                                                                                                                                          Salford and Manchester are designated danger zones.                                                                                                                                                                                                                        down by 2004.                                                  to repressive regime        evenly distributed with                once it stops, I will find my way home.”
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Observed by Dr. Johann Kohl, German                                                                                                                              a few.                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Children, delicate women and the elderly are evacuated                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    in Iraq.                    highest percentage in                  Woman seeking asylum from Uganda in Salford.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              writer and geographer                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       in emergencies to Cheshire and North Wales.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Broughton.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Population of Salford:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                216,119 (2001 Census)

          1485-1558/1603                                      1700s                                                      Late 1700s onwards                                            1830 and 1845                                                                       19th Century                                                                     1887                                     1881-1914                                            1905                                                                                                 1914                                                                                                                                                                  1956                                                   1960s                                          1987                                             1999                                        2000
             Flemish introduce                                 Many French and German                                     Many Irish labourers help to                                    Famines in Ireland (the Potato Famine in 1830,                                     Poverty in Italy leads to an influx of Italians. ‘Little Italy’                   L.S. Lowry is born                       An estimated 2.7 million Jews migrate               Increasing concerns over the levels of immigration to                                                 By 1914, Salford is the largest                                                                                                                                       First refugees arrive from                             A lot of Chinese immigration especially        By 1987 Caribbean immigration tails              One out of every 115 people                 Many children come to
             Fustians and woollens.                            settlers are attracted by chance                           dig the canals, lay railway                                     the Irish Famine in 1845) lead to an influx of                                     grows in Ancoats. Many of these set up businesses locally,                        to Irish parents.                        west from Eastern Europe between many               Britain lead to the 1905 Aliens Act, which puts restraints                                            town in Lancashire.                                                                                                                                                   the Hungarian Revolution.                              from Hong Kong. Many settle in the             off, with numbers now greater from               on earth has been forced into flight.       Manchester to escape
                                                               to gain industrial expertise.                              lines and build the mills.                                      Irish to the port cities of Manchester,                                            like the Antonellis in Eccles.                                                                                             seeking work and a better standard of               on immigration. ‘Undesirable aliens' such as paupers and                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Manchester area.                               India and Pakistan.                                                                          the Taliban regime
                                                                                                                                                                                          Liverpool, and they also settle in Salford.                                                                                                                                                                   living. Others are avoiding persecution.            lunatics can be refused entry to Britain unless they can                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       in Afghanistan.
                                                                                                                                                                                          Many become involved in Trade Unions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                             prove they are fleeing punishment for their political or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            religious beliefs.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Acknowledgements: Original research and timeline created by Laura Dixon

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