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Prince Edward Island Energy Strategy

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Prince Edward Island Energy Strategy Powered By Docstoc
					  P r i n c e E d w a rd Island Energy Strate gy
                                          S e c u r i n g o u r F u t ure:
               E n e r g y E ff i c i e n c y a n d C o n s e r v a tion




one island community                          one island future
Securing our Future; PEI Environment and Energy Policy Series

        - Volume 1: Prince Edward Island Wind Energy

        - Volume 2: Prince Edward Island Energy Strategy

        - Volume 3: Prince Edward Island Climate Change Action Plan




        For more information contact:

        Department of Environment, Energy and Forestry
        Jones Building, 4th Floor
        11 Kent Street, Charlottetown, PE, C1A 7N8

        Telephone: (902) 368-4000




        Printed on recycled Paper
ta b l e o f c o n t e n t s

     1 . 0 I N T R O D U C TION                        6
          Background                                    6
          Energy Strategy V ision                       6
          Energy Strategy Objectives                    7


     2 . 0 E N E R G Y O VER VIEW                      8
          World Energy Markets                          8
          Canadian Context                              8
          Regional Perspective                          8
          PEI’s Current Energy Profile                  9
          Energy Prices and Trends                      9
          Prince Edward Island’s Energy Future         10
          By 2013                                      10
          By 2018                                      11


     3 . 0 E N E R G Y E FFICIENCY AND CONSER VATION 12
          Overview                                     12
          Why Energy Efficiency?                       13
          The Potential for Energy Efficiency on PEI   13
          Office of Energy Efficiency                  14
          Energy Efficiency Challenges                 14
          Appliances and Equipment                     14
          Demand Side Management                       15
          Demand Side Resources                        15
          Least Cost Procurement                       15
          Building Code and Energy Standards           16
          Space Heating Efficiency                     17
          Transportation Efficiency                    18
          Gover nment Leadership                       20
          Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee         20
          Public Outreach and Education                20
ta b l e o f c o n t e n t s

     4 . 0 R E N E WA B L E ENERGY                         22
         Overview                                          22
         W ind                                             22
         Small W ind Developments in PEI                   24
         Role of Gover nment in Future W ind Development   24
         Solar Technologies                                24
         Earth Energy                                      25


     5.0 BIOFUELS                                          26
         Overview                                          26
         The Biofuel Potential in Prince Edward Island     26
         Inter-Departmental Biofuels Committee (IDBC)      27
         Biomass                                           27
         Biomass Challenges                                28
         Liquid Biofuels                                   28
         Pure Plant Oils                                   29
         Biodiesel                                         29
         Ethanol                                           29
         Liquid Biofuel Challenges                         30
         Renewable Fuel Standard                           30
         Biogas                                            31


     6 . 0 E C O N O M I C DEVELOPMENT                     32
         Overview                                          32
         Green Technology Cluster                          33
         Community-Based Renewable Energy Projects         34


     7 . 0 PAT H F O R WARD                                35
    Prince    Edward        I s l a n d   E n e r g y   S t r a t e g y
    in t ro d u c t i o n




    introduction
           1.0              introduction

                            Background                                        the outcome of this consultative approach
                                                                              to the island’s energy policy development was
                            the Province of Prince edward island has          a list of 19 action items for the government
                            developed a north american, if not global,        to pursue. today, nearly all of these items
                            reputation in the development of renewable        have been accomplished with significant
                            energy. Pei has always been viewed as an          advancements made towards the incorpora-
                            innovator in developing, demonstrating and        tion of renewable energy (wind power) into the
                            deploying renewable energy systems with due       provincial energy mix. With the increasing costs
                            regard for the environment. Pei has a strong      of fossil fuel and the significant impact these
                            reputation as a leader in the development of      costs hare having on all islanders, the timing
                            its wind resources with the highest per capita    for a renewed vision and Provincial energy
                            penetration of this renewable energy in its       strategy with specific actions is now.
                            provincial electricity portfolio. Pei has been
                            a leader in the use of biomass resources          fossil fuel energy use is having dramatic con-
                            converting waste into thermal energy to heat      sequences for global warming and severely
                            municipal buildings. despite these and other      impacting the environment. the Government
                            accomplishments, the Province does however        of Prince edward island has, in parallel with
                            continue to rely heavily on off-island sources    this new energy strategy, developed a climate
                            of imported fossil fuel-based energy. rising      change strategy that will help serve to protect
                            energy costs are having a negative impact on      the island’s environment and lead to a more
                            all islanders, businesses and institutions and    sustainable and economically robust future.
                            new measures must be put in place now to
                            secure the island’s future prosperity.
                                                                              New Energy Strategy
                            in June 2004, the Prince edward island
                            department of environment and energy              maximizing the potential for the development
                            released its Energy Framework and Renewable       of the island’s indigenous renewable energy
                            Energy Strategy. integral to the production of    assets and ensuring they are developed wisely
                            this document was input received from             requires long-term planning. the Provincial
                            interested stakeholders and the general public.   Government has developed a renewed Provin-




6
                                                                  P r i n c e   E d w a rd   I s l a n d   E n e r g y   Strategy
                                                                                                             intro d u c t i o n




                                                    Vision

                                                    To ensure a prosperous future for residents and
                                                    businesses of Prince Edward Island based on the
cial energy strategy that will build and expand     objectives of energy security, environmental
on the success of the 2004 strategy. in devel-      sustainability and economic development.
oping this new five and ten year energy vision
for Pei, a discussion document was released
in april of this year to stimulate and solicit
feedback from the general public. input from        Energy Strategy
interested stakeholders was solicited and a
                                                    Objectives
series of public meetings were conducted
across the island in may. this new strategy
                                                    to support this vision, the Province of Prince
helps identify the role of the Pei Government
                                                    edward island has developed clear, long-term
in implementing energy efficiency and con-
                                                    and comprehensive objectives (5 and 10 years)
servation measures, promoting renewable
                                                    with specific Government actions. emphasis
energy and the use of biofuels, encouraging
                                                    will be placed on developing a flexible policy
new economic and development opportunities,
                                                    framework that will provide the best options
and raising public awareness and education.
                                                    for maximizing our energy independence,
this strategy also outlines key actions for
                                                    becoming environmentally sustainable and
Government in creating a flexible energy
                                                    contributing to future economic development
policy framework that is capable of adapting and
                                                    opportunities.
reacting to market and technological chang-
es and protecting the environment. While the
above reflects the role of government, each and           ENErgy SE curity
every islander has a responsibility and role to
play in becoming more sensitive to, and aware                  • Greater Self Sufficiency
of our energy and environmental future here in                 • Improved Price Stability
Prince edward island. the ultimate success of                     • Diversity of Supply
this strategy will be dependent on the actions
of islanders and our ability to make fundamental
changes in our attitude, behavior and approach              ENVir ONmENtal
to the use of energy resources.
                                                            SuStaiN aB ility
                                                            • Increased Energy Efficiency
E n e rg y Strategy Vision                                   and Reduced Consumption
                                                          • Renewable Energy Development
as an island community, Pei has unique needs         • Reduced GHG Emissions and Other Polluants
and challenges in the field of energy. the Vision
of this new energy strategy is to address the
dangerous dependence on imported oil, which
                                                                EcONOmic
threatens the future social, economic and envi-
ronmental prosperity of the island, its residents
                                                              d EVElOpmENt
and businesses. Pei’s leaders are committed               • Support Growth of Local Industries
to pursuing a self-sustaining energy system                   and New Job Opportunities
based on achievements in energy efficiency,                    • Research, Development
conservation and renewable energy develop-               & Demonstration of New Technologies
ment.
                                                       • Strengthen and Diversify Local Economy




                                                                                                                                    7
    Prince   Edward      I s l a n d   E n e r g y   S t r a t e g y
    e n e rg y   o v e r v iew




    enerGy oVerVieW
          2.0           enerGy oVerVieW

                        World Energy m arkets                              regional perspective

                        World energy markets are facing several            through the council of atlantic Premiers (caP),
                        unfavorable conditions: increasing demand,         the atlantic energy ministers’ forum (aemf)
                        dwindling supply, and rising costs. as econo-      and the conference of new england Gover-
                        mies develop and populations grow, particularly    nors and eastern canadian Premiers (neG/
                        in countries such as china and india, energy       ecP), the atlantic Provinces have been working
                        supply is struggling to keep pace with rising      together on energy issues for several years.
                        demand. this, along with global terrorism,         most recently, in January 2008, the atlantic
                        instability in the middle east, geopolitical       Premiers released the Atlantic Energy Frame-
                        pressures, and commodity speculation, has          work for Collaboration. the document highlights
                        resulted in rising energy prices. large energy     three priority areas for regional collaboration:
                        consumers such as canada are especially            	 •	 Enhancing	energy efficiency	programming
                        vulnerable to the effects of rising energy costs
                        and decreasing supply.                             	 •	 Increasing	renewable energy	development
                                                                           	 •	 Assessing	biofuel	potential

                        canadian context                                   the atlantic energy ministers will guide the
                                                                           implementation of this framework with a prog-
                        energy is an important part of the canadian        ress report expected later in 2008. the neG/
                        economy in terms of both production and            ecP have expressed increased emphasis on
                        consumption. canada is one of the largest per      energy in recent years and in June of 2007
                        capita users of energy in the world and ranks      adopted a series of recommendations for
                        second in the world in terms of oil reserves,      the promotion and development of energy
                        behind saudi arabia. like other countries          efficiency, energy trade, renewable resources,
                        around the world, canada is experiencing           and improved transportation initiatives.
                        a number of energy challenges including
                        high and volatile energy prices, decreasing
                        conventional reserves, the need to diversify
                        supply, an ageing and constrained delivery
                        infrastructure, and growing environmental
                        concerns.



8
                                                                                               P r i n c e     E d w a rd     I s l a n d       E n e r g y     Strategy
                                                                                                                                        e nergy          o v e r v i e w




pEi’s current Energy profile                                                ten percent of energy in Pei is supplied by
                                                                            biomass, which includes fuel wood, sawmill
Without a local supply of natural gas and oil                               residue and municipal waste. Pei energy
resources, Prince edward island is heavily                                  systems in charlottetown uses municipal waste
reliant on imported sources of energy. imported                             and wood biomass to supply thermal energy to
oil accounts for 76 percent of Pei’s total energy                           commercial, residential and institutional build-
supply, with 46 percent of our dollars spent on                             ings in the city. developed in the 1980s and
transportation fuels and a further 30 percent on                            early 1990s by the Pei energy corporation,
petroleum-based heating fuels. the economic                                 the charlottetown district Heating system is
impacts of the Province’s reliance on imported                              another example of the Province of Pei leading
energy are significant considering that roughly                             in the development of renewable energy.
half a billion dollars is spent on off-island
energy resources annually, and this continues
to climb.                                                                   Energy prices and trends

the current energy mix (fig 1.) in Prince edward                            as shown in figure 3, energy prices have steadi-
island consists of petroleum products, electric-                            ly increased in recent years. electricity prices
ity and biomass.                                                            have increased over 60 percent from 2000 to
                                                                            2008 while gasoline prices and home heating
                     Figure 1:                                              costs increased 101 percent and 172 percent,
      Prince Edward Island Current Energy Mix                               respectively, over this time period. much of
                                                                            the increase in fuel costs can be attributed to
                                    Petroleum Product
  10%                                                                       increasing oil prices, which has experienced
                 76%
  14%                               Electricity                             a near seven fold increase over this time
                                                                            period, and a combination of increasing demand
                                    Biomass
                                                                            and decreasing supply of conventional energy
                                                                            resources. While the price of oil has been
                       Figure 2:                                            subject to recent fluctuations and its future
           PEI Electricity Sales Breakdown                                  prices cannot be fully ascertained, many
                                                                            experts suggest that price volatility will become
               1%                   NB Syste                                the norm over the longer term.
        13%
                                    Nuclear
                  49%                                                                            Figure 3:
     18%                            Wind                                      Prince Edward Island Energy Costs, 2000 – 2008
                                                                                                                                                                    18
                                                                      165
        19%                         Dalhousie                         155                                                                                           17
                                                                      145
                                    MECL                              135                                                                                           16
                                                                                                                                                                         cents/kWh
                                                        cents/litre




                                                                      125
                                                                                                                                                                    15
                                                                      115
fourteen percent of the island’s energy mix                           105                                                                                           14
is electricity. Wind resources meet approxi-                           95
                                                                       85                                                                                           13
mately 18 percent of the province’s electricity
                                                                       75
supply with the remainder tied primarily to oil                        65
                                                                                                                                                                    12
and nuclear power supplied by the new Bruns-                           55                                                                                           11
wick Power corporation and imported via two                            45
                                                                       35                                                                                           10
submarine cables connected to the mainland.
                                                                              2000      2001   2002     2003      2004      2005       2006      2007    2008

                                                                             Gasoline Prices          Home Heating                 Oil Diesel            Electricity Prices




                                                                                                                                                                                     9
     Prince   Edward      I s l a n d   E n e r g y   S t r a t e g y
     e n e rg y   o v e r v iew




                         With the price of crude oil peaking near $150           By 2013
                         us/barrel, the need to aggressively pursue
                         alternatives to traditional fossil fuel based           Within five years of applying significant resourc-
                         sources of energy has never been more                   es and policies to the development of the ener-
                         apparent for Pei. decreasing the island’s               gy sector, the Province of Prince edward island
                         dependency on imported fossil fuel based                will be less dependent on imported energy and
                         energy sources will help to mitigate the effect         will be well on the way to a sustainable energy
                         of rising prices, improve the diversity of supply,      future. the successful implementation of new
                         and increase Pei’s future energy security.              programs and initiatives in energy efficiency
                         Pursuing and promoting energy efficiency,               should lead to a 10 percent increase in effi-
                         conservation, renewable energy development              ciency across all sectors. a goal has been set
                         including additional wind development and               to bring a total of 500 mW of wind power on
                         utilization of biofuels, will provide a hedge           line by 2013, of which 100 mW will be for
                         against rising energy costs and maintain the            domestic use. a renewable fuel standard for
                         island’s reputation as a leader in alternative          gasoline (e5) and light fuel oil and diesel fuel
                         energy development.                                     (B10 or B10 renewable equivalent) would also
                                                                                 be introduced. the environmental impacts of
                                                                                 renewable fuel development will be addressed
                         prince Edward island’s                                  with a concurrent low carbon fuel standard.
                         Energy Future                                           developing the Province’s abundant biomass
                                                                                 resources should result in a 50 percent increase
                         achieving the objectives of energy security             in biomass use and lead to 10 mW of new
                         and environmental sustainability while creating         electrical generation capacity for island
                         economic development opportunities will                 utilities.
                         require a variety of new policies, programs
                         and initiatives directed at public education and
                         awareness, energy efficiency and renewable                                        Figure 4:
                         energy development. the following sections of                               PEI Energy Mix 2013
                         this energy strategy outline different courses
                         of Government Action that will be undertaken.
                                                                                                4%
                         the execution of these actions should lead to a                    Renewable            10%
                         number of anticipated outcomes.                                     Electricity        Energy
                                                                                         (Wind & Biomass)      Efficiency
                                                                                  7%
                                                                               Imported
                                                                              and Oil-fired
                                                                               Electricity




                                                                                          15%                           59%
                                                                                                                     Petroleum
                                                                                        Biomass                       Products




                                                                                              5%
                                                                                        Liquid Biofuels




10
                                                                            P r i n c e     E d w a rd       I s l a n d   E n e r g y   Strategy
                                                                                                                    e nergy         o v e r v i e w




By 2018                                                     ing of policies and programs across all sectors.
                                                            incremental wind developments will also be
all indications suggest that the costs for                  possible, most likely through community-based
fossil fuel-based energy sources will contin-               projects, and will be determined by domestic
ue to climb. it is difficult to predict how high            load growth. renewable fuel standards could
energy prices will be in ten years. as such,                be increased to help achieve the island’s
the Provincial Government will continue to                  environmental goals and GHG reductions (e10
aggressively pursue opportunities to increase               and B20 or renewable equivalent). further
the efficient use of Pei’s energy resources. it is          developments in the effective utilization or
expected that an additional 10 percent increase             biomass resources could result in a 25 percent
in overall efficiency is an attainable goal and             increase in use and an additional 10 mW of
will be achieved through the constant updat-                electrical generation capacity.



                                                                                  Figure 5:
                                                                            PEI Energy Mix 2018


                                               3%
                                            Renewable                       20%
                                             Electricity                  Energy
                                         (Wind & Biomass)                Efficiency                    42%
                                                                                                     Petroleum
                                               5%                                                     Products
                                            Imported
                                           and Oil-fired              20%
                                            Electricity              Biomass               10%
                                                                                           Liquid
                                                                                          Biofuels




                                                                                                                                                      11
     Prince   Edward     I s l a n d   E n e r g y   S t r a t e g y
     e n e rg y   eff i c i ency       and    conservation




     enerGy efficiency
        and conserVation
           3.0           enerGy efficiency
                         a n d c o n s e r V at i o n
                         Overview                                             improving the efficiency in the way energy is
                                                                              consumed on the island will have direct ben-
                         energy efficiency refers to programs, initiatives,   efits to individuals, businesses, governments,
                         products, technologies and systems with the          institutions and the environment. energy ef-
                         goal: to reduce the amount of electricity and/       ficiency covers a broad spectrum of improve-
                         or fuel required to perform the same job or          ments in:
                         better than conventional means. energy               	 •	 Building	practices:		
                         efficiency is considered to be the least costly,     	 	 residential,	commercial	and	institutional	
                         most reliable, locally abundant energy resource      	 •	 Energy-saving	appliances	and	equipment
                         with the greatest potential to reduce green-
                         house gas (GHG) emissions and protect the            	 •	 Lighting	&	space	heating
                         environment. energy efficiency can generally         	 •	 Industrial	&	agricultural	processes
                         be procured cheaper than producing or                	 •	 Transportation	
                         purchasing energy. for these reasons, energy
                         efficiency will be a key component in Pei’s          there are extensive opportunities in every
                         transition to a sustainable low-carbon energy        community across the island to develop our
                         future. conservation of energy is equally impor-     energy efficiency resources. during the public
                         tant and this will involve changing our behaviors    consultations, it was expressed by most
                         and using less energy. We all have a role to play    participants that individuals, businesses,
                         and must do our part to protect the environ-         institutions, government and utilities all need
                         ment and decrease our reliance on fossil fuels.      to devote more attention and support to fully
                                                                              exploit these opportunities if Pei is to achieve
                                                                              a more sustainable and more cost-effective
                                                                              energy portfolio. With the ever-increasing
                                                                              cost of fossil fuels, energy conservation must
                                                                              become a priority for all islanders.


                         T h e l e a s t c o s t l y energy
                                                    i s the energy we don’t use.



12
                                                                                     P r i n c e   E d w a rd     I s l a n d   E n e r g y   Strategy
                                                                              e nergy          efficiency              and       cons e r v a t i o n




    W h y E n ergy Efficiency?                                    be attained through energy efficiency initiatives,
                                                                  was the primary objective of this study. By
    the potential for energy savings through                      2017, if implemented, the proposed programs
    increased energy efficiency and conservation                  in the residential and c&i sectors would reduce
    have far-reaching benefits for all islanders and              forecasted electricity use by 11 percent and



n
    the environment:                                              non-electric use by 8 percent. this translates
                                                                  into a cost savings of $148 million over the
    	   •	 Reduces	residential,	commercial	and	institutional		
    	   	 energy	bills,	and	in	particular,	reduces	the	impact		   ten-year implementation time frame and would
    	   	 of	high	energy	prices	on	low	income	families	and		      reduce GHG emissions by nearly 132,000
    	   	 individuals                                             tonnes by 2017. this study also suggests that
    	   •	 Reduces	environmental	footprint	of	our		               investing in cost-effective energy efficiency
    	   	 communities	and	Province-	lowers	emissions		            initiatives could offset all forecasted electricity
    	   	 of	GHGs	and	other	pollutants	associated	with		          load growth, over the next decade. Veic also
    	   	 energy	production	and	consumption                       noted that in 2017, the annual peak demand
    	 •	 Stimulates	the	PEI	economy	by	reducing	outflow		         savings would be equal to 17.8 mW, roughly
    	 	 of	consumer	energy	dollars                                8% below 2007 peak demand. this translates
    	 •	 Increases	local	economic	development		                   to nearly $1 million in capacity savings for the
    	 	 opportunities	and	employment	creation                     utility and its ratepayers.

    	 •	 Enhances	the	reliability	of	our	energy	system
                                                                  there is considerable cost-effective energy
    	 •	 Improves	energy	supply	security	and	helps		              savings potential that could be pursued on Pei.
    	 	 mitigate	fluctuating	energy	prices                        several programs have been recommended for
    	 •	 Avoids	or	defers	capital	expenditures	for	upgrades		     consideration in Pei and developed with the
    	 	 to	the	electrical	transmission	and	distribution		         following considerations:
    	 	 infrastructure
                                                                  	 •	 Promote	the	benefits	of	energy	efficiency		
                                                                  	 	 to	all	Islanders

    t h e p o t ential for Energy                                 	 •	 Provide	opportunity	for	all	residential	customers		
                                                                  	 	 to	participate
    E ff i c i e n cy on pEi
                                                                  	 •	 Minimize	barriers	to	participation	for	low	income		
                                                                  	 	 customers
    in 2008, Pei’s department of energy, environ-
    ment and forestry released a study by the                     	 •	 Include	all	fuels	initiative-	electricity,	transportation		
    Vermont energy investment corporation (Veic)                  	 	 and	home	heating	fuels
    that examined the potential of cost-effective                 	 •	 Strengthen	relationships	with	on-Island	product		
    energy efficiency initiatives that could substan-             	 	 retailers,	builders	and	contractors
    tially reduce energy use and lower greenhouse
    gas emissions in Pei by 2017. the study exam-                 developing comprehensive programs to ad-
    ined the potential in the following sectors:                  dress the different market and non-market bar-
                                                                  riers to adopting energy efficient products and
    	 •	 Residential
                                                                  services has led to the formation of a dedicated
    	 •	 Commercial	and	Institutional	(C&I)                       agency for program delivery with regular review
    	 •	 Transportation                                           cycles to quantify the resource and update its
                                                                  contribution. dedicated agencies are able to
    the analysis of achievable potential, defined as              provide a “one-stop-shop” for energy efficiency
    the amount of energy cost savings that could                  information and programs.




                                                                                                                                                         13
     Prince   Edward         I s l a n d   E n e r g y   S t r a t e g y
     e n e rg y   eff i c i ency           and    conservation




                         Office of Energy Efficiency                                    	 •	 The	lack	of	energy	efficiency	information	available		
                                                                                        	 	 to	individuals	and	businesses
                         the office of energy efficiency (oee) was                      	 •	 The	availability	of	energy	efficient	products		
                         established in early 2008 to assist islanders in               	 	 and	services	in	the	PEI	marketplace
                         reducing their energy consumption and mini-                    	 •	 The	lack	of	experienced	and	qualified	trades		
                         mize the environmental footprint of our daily                  	 	 persons	and	professionals
                         activities.
                                                                                        despite these apparent obstacles, it has been
                         the mandate of the office of energy efficiency                 demonstrated in many other leading north
                         Program is to provide islanders with advice and                american jurisdictions that to save a unit
                         programs that will promote sustainable energy                  of energy is always more cost effective than
                         use and reinforce the importance of sound                      purchasing that same unit of energy. Partici-
                         energy management for the economic, so-                        pants at the public meetings easily understood
                         cial, and environmental well-being of island                   this concept and there was significant support
                         residents and businesses.                                      expressed for Government to devote additional
                                                                                        resources towards energy efficiency programs
                         the office of energy efficiency is also a one-                 and initiatives in Pei.
                         stop center for provincial and federal energy
                         efficiency programs and services. in addition
                         to a number of current and recently announced                  appliances and Equipment
                         residential programs, the oee and the depart-
                         ment of environment, energy and forestry are                   the use of energy efficient appliances and
                         developing new programs to cover the c&i and                   equipment saves money and can help save the
                         transportation sectors.                                        environment. using less energy by selecting
                                                                                        energy efficient products means burning fewer
                                                                                        fossil fuels and therefore reducing GHG emis-
                         Energy Efficiency challenges                                   sions. By choosing the appliance or equipment
                                                                                        with the highest rating, islanders can reduce
                         While there are clear benefits to pursuing en-                 their energy consumption and help curb the
                         ergy efficiency and conservation, achieving                    effects of climate change. energy rating labels
                         these gains has its challenges. energy is con-                 and minimum energy performance standards
                         sumed to produce a huge variety of products                    for domestic appliances and industrial and
                         and services, heat homes and businesses,                       commercial equipment help the consumer in
                         generate electricity, and power the transporta-                making a more environmentally and cost effec-
                         tion sector. therefore all new energy efficiency               tive decision when making a purchase for new,
                         initiatives will attempt to address some of these              or replacement products.
                         challenges:
                         	    •	 The	required	coordination	among	diverse		
                         	    	 stakeholders-	energy	suppliers,	utilities,		            Government Action
                         	    	 governments,	regulators,	builders,	equipment		
                         	    	 suppliers,	and	consumers	(individuals	and	businesses)
                                                                                        The Provincial Government, in consultation
                         	 •	 The	associated	costs	for	implementing	energy		            with the OEE, will adopt minimum energy
                         	 	 efficient	products	and	services	
                                                                                        efficiency standards for appliances, equip-
                                                                                        ment and other energy consuming devices.




14
                                                                       P r i n c e   E d w a rd   I s l a n d   E n e r g y   Strategy
                                                                 e nergy        efficiency             and       cons e r v a t i o n




demand Side management                                the utility for the government department or
                                                      agency responsible for the delivery of energy
the 2004 renewable energy act required                efficiency programs. it provides a consistent
maritime electric company, ltd (mecl) to file         source of funds to support energy efficiency.
an electrical energy efficiency plan and demand       Generally speaking, there was relative opposi-
side management strategy with the island              tion expressed during the public meetings in re-
regulatory and appeals commission (irac).             gards to the notion of implementing an sBc in
demand side management (dsm) refers to                Pei. for a smaller population, the introduction of
the planning, implementation, and monitoring          an sBc may establish an artificial funding ceil-
of utility activities designed to encourage           ing and may limit the reach and effectiveness
consumers to modify patterns of electricity           of energy efficiency programming. to overcome
usage, including the time of day and level of         this potential barrier and to institutionalize ener-
electricity demand.                                   gy efficiency in a utility’s resource procurement
                                                      process, a least-cost procurement mandate will
mecl’s Demand Side Management and                     be evaluated and pursued as an alternative.
Energy Conservation Plan was first filed in 2006
and consists of six programs with elements
designed to address barriers limiting market          least cost procurement
transformation, public education and aware-
ness, community-based initiatives, energy             the concept of least cost procurement was in-
efficient product retailers, and research and         cluded in recommendations adopted in resolu-
evaluation of program effectiveness.                  tion 31-1 by the Governors and Premiers at the
                                                      2007 conference of new england Governors
                                                      and eastern canadian Premiers (neG-ecP):
demand Side resources
                                                      The	Governors	and	Premiers	instruct	regulators	and	
demand side resources such as energy effi-            crown	corporations	to	prioritize	energy	efficiency	
ciency are widely viewed as reliable, low-cost        through	planning	and	acquisition	processes	that	let	
energy resources. repeatedly during the public        efficiency	compete	with	supply	and	capacity	and	ensure	
consultations, there were comments and sug-           that	cost-effective	and	practical	energy	efficiency		
gestions directed towards government to re-           opportunities	that	are	cheaper	than	prices	bid	for		
quire utilities to increase investment in energy      conventional	supply	or	capacity	are	procured.
efficiency and demand side resource programs
for all customers. there was an expressed de-         a least cost procurement mandate establishes
sire to see government mandate the utilities to       a minimum target for electric energy efficiency
procure all cost-effective demand side resourc-       savings that can be met through a flexible re-
es and energy efficiency when proven cheaper          source planning process aimed at securing
than conventional supply options. it was also         all cost-effective electric efficiency resources.
noted that if energy efficiency competes with         once a budget is established to capture all cost-
traditional supply options to meet demand then        effective energy efficiency, typically through an
these programs should be ratepayer funded.            open stakeholder process, the corresponding
                                                      amount can be assessed in utility rates to fund
system Benefit charges (sBc) are one way to           the efficiency programs. the utilities could ad-
fund efficiency programs. a small fee is added        minister the energy efficiency programs and/or
to consumers’ electricity bills, it is collected by   a portion of the monies could be placed in a




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     Prince   Edward      I s l a n d   E n e r g y   S t r a t e g y
     e n e rg y   eff i c i ency        and    conservation




                         dedicated fund to be used by the provincial             for electric energy efficiency programs to be
                         office of energy efficiency. regardless of              successful, it is imperative that they have the
                         administration, it will be critical to develop an       full cooperation from the utility. in order to align
                         accountability framework to ensure that the             utility incentives with the goals of this least-cost
                         funds are spent in an effective manner.                 planning and procurement process, the prov-
                                                                                 ince will consider reforms to the way utilities
                         an essential underlying element of all of the           are compensated for the services they provide.
                         above components for successful electric                unless utility profits are decoupled from their
                         energy efficiency policies, programming and             volumetric sales, successful efficiency pro-
                         planning is a consistent and accurate means             grams, and any provincial policy that reduces
                         of measuring and verifying the realized savings         electricity use, will hurt utilities. if customers are
                         from the activities designed to increase energy         using less energy, utilities’ profits will decrease.
                         efficiency. the absence of establishing clear           the implementation of a decoupling mecha-
                         and accurate measurement and verification               nism may be helpful in aligning utility incen-
                         protocols has been the subject of much criti-           tives with the opportunity to increase energy
                         cism in energy efficiency initiatives. the utilities,   efficiency investment and lower customers’ bills.
                         analysts and policy makers must have confi-             this will be further explored in consultation
                         dence in predicting the energy cost savings             between government and the individual utilities.
                         associated with their programs and initiatives
                         if energy efficiency is to be recognized as an
                         energy resource and compete with convention-            Building code
                         al supply options.                                      and Energy Standards

                                                                                 Prince edward island is one of only two juris-
                                                                                 dictions in canada without a province-wide
                                                                                 building code. the municipalities of charlotte-
           G o v e r n ment Actions                                              town and summerside do require new build-
                                                                                 ings to comply with the national Building code,
           The Provincial Government will establish a planning                   but they do not attach an energy standard to it.
           process in consultation with Island utilities and IRAC                the implementation of a province-wide build-
           that prioritizes energy efficiency and encourages local               ing and energy code would ensure that all new
           utilities to procure all cost-effective energy efficiency,            buildings meet minimum standards for energy
           through investment in electricity energy efficiency                   efficiency. a region’s building stock accounts
           programs, when it is cheaper than conventional supply                 for a tremendous amount of energy consump-
           or capacity resources.                                                tion and greenhouse gas emissions. a large
                                                                                 percentage of Pei’s current building stock is old
           The Provincial Government will provide the legislative                and inefficient and contributes significantly to
           and regulatory framework that will encourage utilities                the island’s energy appetite and environmental
           to implement a least cost procurement mechanism.                      footprint. in each of the Public meetings con-
                                                                                 ducted across the province, a recurrent theme
                                                                                 emerged with islanders appealing to govern-
                                                                                 ment to consider the adoption of a Provincial
                                                                                 Building code with energy standards. Building
                                                                                 to a high standard of energy efficiency during
                                                                                 initial construction will help ensure that the




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                                                               e nergy        efficiency             and       cons e r v a t i o n




province is not adding to the number of inef-
ficient buildings that make up the current stock.   there is a tremendous opportunity for Pei to re-
High efficiency buildings experience reduced        duce energy consumption and GHG emissions
operating costs that will translate into savings    associated with its residential and commercial
over the entire lifespan of the building and help   buildings through the implementation of a Pro-
mitigate the effects of future energy price in-     vincial Building code with energy standards. it
creases.                                            was pointed out by several participants during
                                                    the consultations that this will require a coordi-
                                                    nated and comprehensive effort to educate the
G o v e r n ment Actions                            public, the building community, the appropriate
                                                    municipal and provincial divisions, train and
The Provincial Government will be adopting          hire inspectors, as well as to implement sup-
energy codes and standards as part of               porting administration and policing. it was also
the process towards the adoption of the             felt that the introduction of a provincial building
National Building Code throughout the               code with energy standard would provide addi-
province. The code, with some exemptions            tional opportunities and build capacity in Pei’s
for small buildings, will provide unified           trades sector and stimulate local economic de-
building standards across the province,             velopment.
which will compliment standards for
energy efficiency in buildings.                     the consumers council of canada recently re-
                                                    ported that 86% of those surveyed supported
Building standards and an implementation            mandatory levels of energy efficiency for homes
timeline will be set with escalating targets        and responded that energy efficiency is an im-
for energy efficiency over the next 5-10            portant factor in their decision to purchase a
years.                                              new home. in light of these findings and vola-
                                                    tile energy prices, it is timely for the provincial
Administration, inspection, education and           Government to be pursuing the introduction of
ensuring compliance will be addressed with          energy efficient building code policies.
the roll out of the new Provincial Building
Code and Energy Standards.
                                                    Space Heating Efficiency
The Provincial Government will consider
mandating the energy consumption                    next to the transportation sector, space heat-
labeling of houses and buildings with               ing is the largest user of energy in the province,
special recognition of best practice and            consuming approximately 30 percent of our
best-in-class.                                      total energy requirements. improvements to
                                                    existing homes and buildings to reduce energy
The Provincial Government, through the              consumption for space heating include:
OEE, will continue to develop programs
                                                    	 •	 Improved	efficiency	of	the	heating	source		
for increasing energy efficiency for                	 	 (furnaces,	boilers,	etc.)
Islanders that include direct incentives,
loan programs, grants and rebates.                  	 •	 Improved	efficiency	of	the	home	or	building		
                                                    	 	 structure	(insulation,	windows,	etc.)




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                         it is important for island residents and busi-        meets these requirements. the idea of imple-
                         nesses to understand the most cost-effective          menting california-like vehicle emission stan-
                         approach to increase space heating efficiency.        dards was also suggested.
                         increasing the efficiency of the heating source
                         does not necessarily lead to energy savings           the Provincial Government operates hun-
                         if the structure is drafty and poorly insulated.      dreds of vehicles in their fleet and purchas-
                         Greater savings can be achieved by reducing           ing more fuel-efficient vehicles has been part
                         the energy demand of the building and main-           of their strategy to reduce fuel costs and cut
                         taining the existing heating system i.e. seal-        greenhouse gas emissions for the past several
                         ing drafts, adding more insulation, replacing         years. the Government’s own transportation
                         inefficient systems and equipment, etc. resi-         efficiency standard requires that fuel efficiency
                         dential and commercial energy audits, per-            be part of vehicle procurement considerations
                         formed by qualified professionals, can provide        for all future leased or purchased vehicles for
                         valuable information to consumers on the best and     public use.
                         most cost-effective solutions for space heating
                         efficiency. for more information on these             Public transportation, in some jurisdictions, has
                         audits and associated programs, please refer          been shown to be an effective means to improve
                         to the office of energy efficiency website            air quality, relieve traffic congestion, and reduce
                         http://www.gov.pe.ca/OEE.                             fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emis-
                                                                               sions. a public transit system was launched in
                                                                               charlottetown in 2005 and currently operates
                         transportation Efficiency                             seven different routes across the city with plans
                                                                               to expand into stratford this year. two hydro-
                         Historically, Prince edward island has been           gen-powered buses were added to the fleet in
                         more dependent on automobiles than any other          2007. several submissions in response to the
                         province. the island has the most extensive           Public meetings suggested the need for a sus-
                         network of roads and highways, limited urban          tainable province-wide public transportation
                         transit, an automobile dependent tourism indus-       system. it was purported that such as system
                         try and a heavy reliance on the trucking industry     would further reduce greenhouse gas emissions
                         to move goods in, out and around the province.        from personal vehicles, promote economic de-
                         as such, the transportation sector consumes           velopment as well as address issues of social
                         43 percent of our energy and is the single            equity and isolation.
                         largest source of greenhouse gas emissions.
                         over 80 percent of registered vehicles on the         invariably, transit systems are a highly subsi-
                         road in Pei are considered light duty vehicles.       dized public service. the costs of implementa-
                         in addition, the number of annual kilometers          tion and ongoing annual operation can be signif-
                         traveled has increased by nearly 20 percent           icant. in the absence of a critical mass of transit
                         since 1990.                                           users in Pei and relevant market research data
                                                                               concerning the number of daily users, it is dif-
                         the Provincial Government introduced a hybrid         ficult to quantify what effect, if any, an expand-
                         tax incentive in 2004 to encourage the purchase       ed transit system would have on meeting the
                         of hybrid vehicles. Participants in may’s Public      island’s energy and environmental objectives.
                         meetings encouraged the Government of Pei             the results of the Veic analysis suggest that
                         not to limit this incentive to hybrids only, but to   from an energy and environmental perspective,
                         set minimum fuel economy standards and ex-            expansion of the public transit system would
                         pand the program to include any vehicle that          not have a positive impact on meeting GHG or




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                                                                e nergy       efficiency             and       cons e r v a t i o n




other environmental goals. this does not how-          several suggestions also emerged from the
ever undermine the social issues and argument          public around the need to implement smart
surrounding an expanded system. as time goes           growth policies in municipal land-use planning.
on and energy prices continue to rise, more            land use decisions can significantly impact
islanders may opt for public transportation at         GHG emissions and promote more sustainable
which time the overall environmental impacts           transportation practices. for example, new
may improve.                                           developments that are pedestrian-oriented,
                                                       transit accessible and designed with active
according to the Veic study on the potential           transportation in mind will encourage resi-
for energy efficiency in the transportation            dents to make more environmentally friendly
sector in Pei, there are many initiatives that         decisions about their transportation needs.
could be implemented, and are currently under          this does not only impact transportation, care-
consideration by the Government of Pei:                ful urban planning and land use policies may
	 •	 Anti-idling	and	speed	reduction	campaigns         lead to more energy efficient development
                                                       practices.
	 •	 Telecommuting	and	compressed	work	weeks
	 •	 Traffic	signal	synchronization
	 •	 Efficient	traffic	signal	and	highway	lighting		
	 	 technologies                                       Government Actions
	 •	 Public	outreach	and	education                     Government is currently reviewing the feasibility and
                                                       cost of the transportation initiatives with a view to
G o v e r n ment Actions                               implementing and introducing several new efficiency
                                                       programs.
A review of the Provincial Hybrid Tax
Incentive will be conducted to expand the              The Provincial Government will support a review of
program and set minimum fuel economy                   current land use and development policies and attempt
standards.                                             to encourage sustainable options for future land
                                                       developments that are tailored to maximize energy
The adoption of California-like vehicle                efficiency and promote GHG reductions.
emission standards was announced in
2007. The PEI Government will work with
neighboring provinces and states to
encourage adoption.

A review of the effectiveness of the
Transportation Efficiency Standard, with
a view to more stringent government
wide enforcement, will be undertaken.

Government will continue to evaluate the
feasibility of a province-wide public transit
system and determine the effectiveness of
the current system in reducing greenhouse
gas emissions and meeting provincial
energy and environmental targets.




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                         government leadership                                 land. the committee will exist in an advisory
                                                                               capacity only and all regulatory approval issues
                         the demonstrated leadership of the Provincial         will remain with the island regulatory appeals
                         Government in recognizing energy efficiency as        commission (irac). in new england, massa-
                         a priority resource is a crucial step in the devel-   chusetts just announced such a stakeholder
                         opment of energy policy. the government is in a       council and they are underway in rhode island,
                         unique position and will seek to develop closer       connecticut and maine where they are proving
                         ties between the diverse stakeholders involved        to be a highly effective means for advancing
                         in the administration and implementation of           energy efficiency goals.
                         energy efficiency in Pei. there was a strong
                         desire expressed during the public meetings to
                         have government lead by example and position          Government Action
                         the province at the forefront of energy efficien-
                         cy performance for publicly funded buildings          Recognizing the range in diversity of energy
                         in Pei.                                               efficiency stakeholders and the need to
                                                                               raise awareness and educate the public,
                                                                               the Government of PEI will seek to develop
           G o v e r n ment Action                                             a multi-representational Energy Efficiency
                                                                               Advisory Committee.
           Government will adopt advanced energy and
           environmental standards for all publicly funded
           buildings.

                                                                               public Outreach
                                                                               and Education
                         Energy Efficiency advisory
                         committee                                             there are a variety of common practices and
                                                                               tools to market to and educate consumers
                         the suggestion of creating an energy efficiency       concerning energy efficiency and conserva-
                         multi-stakeholder advisory board was con-             tion. several participants and submissions at
                         tained in several submissions to government.          the Public meetings called for more resources
                         recognizing the range in diversity of energy          devoted to public outreach and education. the
                         efficiency stakeholders and the need to raise         Province is planning to work with the above
                         awareness and educate the public, the Govern-         advisory committee to develop and pursue a
                         ment of Pei will seek to develop a multi-rep-         number of the following strategies:
                         resentational energy efficiency advisory com-         	 •	 Point-of-purchase	materials	
                         mittee. this committee will be composed of a
                                                                               	 •	 Utility	bill	inserts
                         broad group of individual stakeholders from the
                         public, private, non-governmental and utility         	 •	 Direct	mail	campaign
                         sectors that will work collaboratively to identify    	 •	 Internet-	central	website
                         all cost-effective investments in efficiency as
                                                                               	 •	 Booths	at	home	shows
                         well as assisting to plan and design programs
                         for implementation. this committee will serve         	 •	 Public	relations	events
                         to increase transparency and accountability as        	 •	 Media	outreach
                         well as raise awareness of energy efficiency
                                                                               	 •	 1-800	number	for	expert	advice
                         needs and opportunities in Prince edward is-




20
                                                                  P r i n c e   E d w a rd   I s l a n d   E n e r g y   Strategy
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in addition to these public awareness activities,
community-based outreach activities will also       Government Action
be considered to invoke real behavioral change
amongst islanders. large information-based          Government, through the OEE, will develop a number
campaigns are effective in promoting aware-         of comprehensive public awareness and education
ness but do not often result in sustainable be-     programs directed at energy efficiency for all residents,
havioral change. recognizing that the majority      businesses and institutions in PEI.
of the commercial sector in Pei is comprised of
small to medium-sized enterprises, it will be im-
portant for the Province to promote communi-
ty- and workplace-based energy efficiency and
conservation measures to this targeted group
of stakeholders.




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     Prince    Edward     I s l a n d   E n e r g y   S t r a t e g y
     r e n e w a b l e   energy




     reneWaBle enerGy
            4.0           reneWaBle enerGy

                          Overview                                             Wind

                          Prince edward island is the only canadian            as a percentage of domestic use, Pei is a north
                          province without substantial resources in fos-       american leader in the development of wind
                          sil fuels, hydroelectric or nuclear energy. as a     energy. the Provincial Government, through
                          result, the province imports nearly 85 percent       the Pei energy corporation, developed atlantic
                          of its energy needs from mostly petroleum-           canada’s first utility-grade wind farm in 2001 at
                          based off-island resources. this heavy reliance      north cape when the economics of large-scale
                          on out-of-province suppliers makes Pei con-          wind within the region was not fully understood.
                          sumers and residents particularly vulnerable         since that time, the Pei energy corporation has
                          to fossil fuel price volatility and supply disrup-   expanded its north cape facility and developed
                          tions. Pursuing renewable energy development         the east Point Wind farm that has resulted in
                          offers an alternative to conventional sources        the Province owning and operating 40.56 mW
                          and will provide greater control on the island       of wind power. now that electrical genera-
                          of energy prices, security, and diversity of sup-    tion from wind has been demonstrated to be
                          ply. Promoting renewable energy development          competitive with non-renewable sources, there
                          will address many environmental issues, par-         are private wind developments that have been
                          ticularly climate change and the reduction of        completed. several more private wind farms are
                          greenhouse gases.                                    in the planning stages. in the april 2008 speech
                                                                               from the throne, Premier Ghiz announced that
                          in 2004, the department of environment, ener-        the Province of Prince edward island will be
                          gy and forestry oversaw the development and          developing up to 500 mW of wind generation
                          implementation of the Renewable Energy Act,          capacity in the province over the next five years
                          which provided a number of policy instruments        in partnership with maritime electric company
                          (e.g. net metering, feed-in tariffs, designated      and private developers.
                          development zones, and a renewable portfolio
                          standard) to increase the development of re-         in addition to demonstrating the economic fea-
                          newable energy. a renewable Portfolio stan-          sibility of utility-grade turbines, the Province
                          dard (rPs) was introduced requiring utilities to     has promoted wind development through regu-
                          acquire at least 15 percent of electrical energy     latory measures. under the renewable energy
                          from renewable sources by 2010.




22
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                                                                                                   renewabl e              en e rg y




act, utilities on Pei must meet at least 15 per-     maritime electric company, ltd. has drafted
cent of their electrical energy sales from procur-   an open access transmission tariff (oatt)
ing power from renewable resources by 2010.          that remains before the regulator, the island
Presently, almost 18 percent of the electricity      regulatory and appeals commission. the
on Pei is acquired from wind power meaning           oatt will provide nondiscriminatory access for
the renewable portfolio standard has been met        wind developers and other potential users at a
by island electrical utilities. Government feels     regulated rate for service. mecl has proceed-
it is now appropriate to establish a new renew-      ed with a process to determine transmission
able portfolio standard                              requirements for future large-scale wind projects
                                                     in Pei that will lead to increased transmission
                                                     capacity for wind power developers. Both these
                                                     initiatives will provide future wind developers
G o v e r n ment Action                              limited transmission capacity for their exported
                                                     power. maximizing wind potential will require
The Provincial Government will double its
                                                     additional cable capacity between Pei and the
renewable energy portfolio standard from
                                                     mainland.
15% to 30% by 2013.
                                                     Wind energy is Pei’s most prospective renew-
                                                     able energy resource. Given its intermittent
                                                     nature, it is a challenge to incorporate a high
Prince edward island has a world-class wind          percentage of wind into the electricity grid. the
resource and there continues to be strong in-        scheduling of wind energy is also problematic
terest in locating wind farms in the province.       due to the intrinsic variables of weather fore-
most of the future development of wind must          casting. research and development (r&d)
be marketed off-island and may be sold at a          groups, particularly the Wind energy institute
premium to offset electricity from traditional       of canada (Weican, formerly the atlantic Wind
sources that release harmful air and green-          test site) at north cape, advance wind tech-
house gas emissions. the benefits to Pei for         nology through various projects and initiatives
exported wind power are mainly accruing from         with other private and government agencies.
lease payments for landowners where the tur-         Pursuing a high integration of wind on Pei
bines are situated, the economic stimulus from       provides r&d opportunities for Weican that
short-term construction opportunities, a limited     have application in other provinces, remote parts
number of operations and maintenance jobs,           of canada and other parts of the world. Given
and provincial revenues from the environmental       our unique situation in Pei, energy storage r&d
attributes associated with green power produc-       initiatives involving hydrogen fuel are also being
tion. there is an opportunity to maximize these      developed to address the intermittent nature of
benefits through the promotion of additional         wind power generation.
large-scale wind farm developments. during
the Public meetings there was concern voiced
around the tangible benefits to individual
islanders for further large-scale wind devel-
opments occurring on Pei. islanders also
questioned why local utilities were not buying
more wind energy to meet local requirements.




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     r e n e w a b l e   energy




           G o v e r n ment Actions

           The Provincial Government will attempt to maximize
           the benefits of future large-scale wind developments
           for all Islanders, including developments built for both          role of government in
           the export and domestic markets.                                  Future Wind developme n t
           The Provincial Government will work to secure                     the Pei energy corporation’s ownership of the
           additional cable capacity to facilitate the export of             north cape and east Point wind farms is an in-
           commercial wind power.                                            valuable asset to Weican. Provincial ownership
                                                                             means that data for research and development
           The Provincial Government will continue to provide                is accessible to Weican and has enabled the
           support to WEICan and encourage R&D opportunities                 corporation to be an active partner in under-
           for small-, medium- and large-scale wind developments.            standing and promoting wind energy develop-
                                                                             ments in Pei. Having access to actual public
                                                                             assets in the field is an important element to
                                                                             the success of research and development op-
                          Small Wind developments                            portunities for Weican and Pei. in addition to
                          in pE i                                            the above, significant wind farm revenues are
                                                                             now being generated by the Pei energy corpo-
                          a repeated theme during the public meetings        ration and flowing back to the province, thereby
                          was the need for the Provincial Government to      contributing to the diversification of supply and
                          consider the benefits and encourage smaller        stabilization of the cost of electricity. there was
                          wind developments in Pei. several participants     a strong desire by most public participants to
                          felt that there was too much emphasis placed       see the Province of Pei continue to develop this
                          on large-scale projects and the benefits of        resource.
                          smaller, more community-focused wind energy
                          projects deserved attention. a growing trend in
                          europe has been a shift away from large wind       Solar technologies
                          farms to more community-based and distrib-
                          uted models, which has lead to significant local   solar energy technologies capture the sun’s en-
                          economic development benefits.                     ergy for practical applications. there are many
                                                                             modern technologies for harnessing solar en-
                                                                             ergy to produce food, heat, light and electricity.
           G o v e r n ment Actions                                          applications span the residential, commercial,
                                                                             industrial, agricultural and transportation sec-
           The Provincial Government will evaluate and develop               tors. the pervasive use of solar technologies
           appropriate policy mechanisms, such as net-billing                peaked in the 1970s and early 80s during the
           and the allocation of electrical capacity, to facilitate          first fuel crisis; government grants, incentives,
           the development of smaller community-based wind                   and demonstration systems caused an explo-
           and other renewable energy projects.                              sion of growth in canada. Pei, at one time, had
                                                                             the highest per capita residential use of solar
           Government will continue to explore opportunities                 hot water units in the country.
           for economic development in the manufacturing,
           service and maintenance of small wind energy systems.             Passive solar design in new construction can
                                                                             provide practical lighting and comfortable tem-
           Government, through the PEI Energy Corporation,                   peratures by tailoring building orientation, pro-
           will consider developing additional wind capacity in              portion, window placement, and material com-
           PEI specifically for meeting on-island demand and                 ponents to the local climate and environment.
           increasing the Island’s energy security.




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solar thermal applications make up the most        Earth Energy
widely used category of solar energy technol-
ogy. these technologies use heat from the sun      earth energy systems, or geothermal systems,
for water and space heating, industrial process    are terms used to describe a renewable energy
heat, cooking, water distillation and disinfec-    alternative to traditional oil, propane, ventilation
tion.                                              and air conditioning (HVac) systems. this tech-
                                                   nology transfers the heat located immediately
electricity can be generated from the sun by       under the earth’s surface into a residence or
photovoltaic technology (PV). the primary ob-      building in winter, and is able to provide cool-
stacle to increased use of photovoltaic systems    ing functions in the summer when the outside
is their high initial cost. continuous price re-   temperature is higher than ground temperature
ductions have been occurring. in some off-grid     (8-12°c). there were repeated calls from the
locations photovoltaic systems can be cost ef-     public for government to provide incentives for
fective versus the costs of running power lines.   geothermal heating systems during the public
With many jurisdictions now providing tax and      consultations.
rebate incentives, PV installations make up
the largest part of the solar residential market   twenty percent of the average energy demand
worldwide.                                         in a residential home is for water heating, and
                                                   most geothermal units include a component to
With increased public concern over escalating      heat water for potable or sanitary use. earth
fuel prices and regard for the environment, the    energy systems are ideally suited to meet the
use of solar technologies as a renewable fuel      HVac needs of commercial, industrial and in-
source has regained momentum and is the fast-      stitutional (e.g. schools and post-secondary)
est growing sector in renewable energy. solar      users. natural resources canada (nrcan) and
technology maturation and the rising cost of       the us environmental Protection agency state
fossil fuels are making solar systems a more at-   that earth energy systems are the most energy-
tractive alternative to conventional sources of    efficient, environmentally clean, and cost-effec-
energy. throughout the public consultation pro-    tive space conditioning systems available in the
cess, there was interest expressed by the public   market today.
for Government to promote the greater deploy-
ment of small-scale renewable technologies
like solar and geothermal heating systems.
                                                   Government Action

                                                   The Province of PEI will continue to support the
                                                   installation of small-scale renewable heating
                                                   technologies like solar and geothermal heating
                                                   systems through grants, loans, tax and other
                                                   financial incentives.




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     Prince     Edward   I s l a n d   E n e r g y   S t r a t e g y
     B i of u e l s




     Biofuels
            5.0          Biofuels

                         Overview                                             common biofuels include wood, crop by-prod-
                                                                              ucts like cereal straw or perennial grasses, pure
                         Growing crises in the agricultural and forestry      plant oils, ethanol, biodiesel, waste cooking
                         sectors, rising fuel prices, concerns about the      oil, and biogas. Biofuels can be used for space
                         security and supply of energy resources, and         heating, electricity generation, and transporta-
                         growing awareness of the impact of traditional       tion. Pure plant oils are processed from bio-
                         energy resources on the environment (e.g. cli-       mass or field crops (e.g. canola). Biodiesel can
                         mate change) have greatly increased interest         be made from plant oils or animal fat, while
                         in renewable and sustainable energy technolo-        ethanol can be made from high starch crops,
                         gies, and in particular, biofuels. Biofuels repre-   such as corn, wheat, or high sugar crops like
                         sent a potential opportunity to transition Pei to    sugar cane or sugar beets. many liquid biofu-
                         a sustainable bio-economy in which agricultural      els can be blended with fossil fuels and used
                         and forestry products, co-products and waste         in traditional applications to reduce our reliance
                         materials are used to produce energy. an ag-         on petroleum products and reduce greenhouse
                         gressive biofuels portfolio, incorporating low       gas emissions.
                         carbon intensive fuels into the current energy
                         mix could complement Prince edward island’s
                         efforts to further renewable energy develop-         the Biofuel potential i n
                         ment, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and           prince Edward island
                         provide an additional revenue source for the
                         agricultural and forestry communities.               in september 2007, executive council estab-
                                                                              lished and directed the environmental and re-
                         fuels made from renewable resources are re-          newable industries committee (eric) to exam-
                         ferred to as biofuels or renewable fuels. Pri-       ine the potential for local biofuel development.
                         mary sources of feedstock for biofuels include:      With members from eight government depart-
                         agricultural crops and crop residues, manure,        ments and agencies, eric was mandated to
                         residues from food processing industries, trees,     collect relevant data on the quantity and quality
                         logging and forestry products, industry resi-        of available feedstocks from primary resource
                         dues, organic portion of municipal solid waste,      sectors and submit policy recommendations
                         sewage sludge, and industrial, commercial and        regarding the sustainable development of these
                         institutional waste.                                 resources.




26
                                                                               P r i n c e   E d w a rd   I s l a n d   E n e r g y    Strategy
                                                                                                                                      B i o f u e l s




in determining the potential for biofuel develop-            biofuel demonstrations, the committee will re-
ment in Prince edward island, a number of fac-               view each submission using the following as-
tors were considered by eric. specifically:                  sessment headings:
	 •	 Availability	of	and/or	potential	to	grow		              	 •	 Agricultural	sector	development
	 	 feedstocks	for	biofuel	development	
                                                             	 •	 Forestry	sector	development
	 •	 Local	and/or	regional	markets	for	biofuels	
                                                             	 •	 Development	benefits	and	Risk
	 •	 Benefits	to	Islanders	from	local	biofuel		
	 	 development		                                            	 •	 Technical	feasibility

	 •	 Evaluate	biofuel	potential	based	on	full	life-cycle		   	 •	 Financial	feasibility
	 	 sustainability	criteria                                  	 •	 Environmental	benefits
                                                             	 •	 Climate	change	impact

i n t e r-departmental                                       	 •	 Barriers	to	progress

B i o f u e l s committee ( id B c)
the Government of Prince edward island estab-                Biomass
lished the inter-departmental Biofuels commit-
tee (idBc) in march 2008 following the accep-                ten percent of energy in Pei is currently sup-
tance of the eric final report. the committee                plied by biomass, which includes fuel wood,
is tasked to evaluate and advise Government                  sawmill residue and municipal waste. Pei en-
on the role bioenergy projects and proposals                 ergy systems in charlottetown uses municipal
can play in the province’s energy future.                    waste and wood biomass to supply thermal en-
                                                             ergy to commercial, residential and institutional
as a cross-departmental body, idBc will act as               buildings in the city. there are many biomass
the central evaluation committee for bioenergy               resources in Pei that, if developed properly,
proposals that come to the attention of the Pro-             could contribute to additional incorporation of
vincial Government. idBc includes representa-                renewable energy into the province’s overall
tives from several government departments in-                energy mix.
cluding agriculture, fisheries, aquaculture and
rural development, innovation and advanced                   Biomass from forest and agricultural sectors is
learning, transportation and Public Works,                   the most readily available feedstock for biofuel
Provincial treasury and environment, energy                  development in Prince edward island. Wood
and forestry. the idBc maintains links to en-                supplies from island forests (softwood, hard-
ergy experts in the private sector, government               wood, post-harvest material, plantation thin-
and academia.                                                nings, roadside material etc.) could represent a
                                                             significant feedstock for space and water heat-
in evaluating bioenergy submissions, idBc will               ing. agricultural crops such as straw and hay
consider the economic, environmental and so-                 could be further developed as potential feed-
cial benefits that may be derived for the people             stocks. markets for biomass systems include
of Prince edward island. idBc will work with                 the residential, commercial and institutional
proponents of approved submissions to iden-                  sectors. tax exemptions, low interest loans and
tify applicable federal and provincial govern-               other financial incentives for wood heat sys-
ment assistance programs. With respect to the                tems (wood and wood pellets) has increased
evaluation of proposals for biofuel projects or              the popularity of these systems and resulted in
                                                             a larger market for wood and wood pellets.




                                                                                                                                                        27
     Prince     Edward    I s l a n d   E n e r g y   S t r a t e g y
     B i of u e l s




                                                                                     Government Actions

                                                                                     The Provincial Government will review
                                                                                     existing codes and regulatory barriers
                         Biomass fired district-heating systems for mu-              affecting the further development of
                         nicipalities or small communities could rep-                biomass fuel in PEI.
                         resent a viable market and provide long-term
                         employment to many rural islanders. With sus-               Government will lead by example in
                         tainable forest management systems and prac-                demonstrating biomass technologies in
                         tices, larger-scale forest biomass production               select public buildings across the Island.
                         could facilitate improvements in the productiv-
                         ity, quality and value of Pei’s struggling forestry         Government will actively promote the use
                         sector. the development of markets for agricul-             and encourage the installation of biomass
                         tural biomass could also help strengthen the                heating systems in homes and businesses.
                         farming community. the availability of biomass
                         feedstocks could feed distributed cogenera-                 Government will further investigate the
                         tion facilities across the Province. such facili-           use of biomass in urban district heating
                         ties could be of interest to island utilities as a          systems and the potential for cogeneration
                         source of base load electricity generation that             facilities with the Island utilities.
                         could be further developed to reduce depen-
                         dency on imported fossil fuels.                             Government will only be supportive and
                                                                                     promote biomass installations that meet
                                                                                     acceptable emissions levels.
                         Biomass challenges

                         some potential obstacles to the further de-
                         velopment of biomass fuel in Pei, include the
                         need:                                                       liquid Biofuels
                         	 •	 To	better	understand	the	need	to	modernize		
                         	 	 labor	regulations	for	the	staffing	of	small		           the federal and most Provincial Governments
                         	 	 heating	plants                                          outside of atlantic canada have supported the
                         	 •	 To	better	understand	the	environmental	and		           growth of liquid biofuels to mitigate the environ-
                         	 	 health	concerns	associated	with	biomass		               mental impacts of fossil fuel combustion and
                         	 	 emissions	(i.e.	wood	smoke)                             create new markets for the agricultural sector.
                         	 •	 To	determine	the	proper	role	that	local	biomass		      more than half of canadian provinces have ex-
                         	 	 resources	can	play	to	meet	the	electrical	and		         isting policies relating to the production and/or
                         	 	 thermal	requirements	of	Islanders                       consumption of biofuels. the federal Govern-
                         	 •	 To	ensure	that	increasing	the	use	of	local	biomass		   ment recently announced a regulation requiring
                         	 	 resources	is	accomplished	in	a	sustainable	fashion      a 5 percent and 2 percent average renewable
                                                                                     content in canadian gasoline and diesel fuel by
                                                                                     2010 and 2012 respectively. the 2007 federal
                                                                                     Budget indicates an investment of $1.5 billion
                                                                                     over seven years as an operating incentive to
                                                                                     producers of renewable alternatives to gasoline
                                                                                     and diesel, i.e. ethanol and biodiesel respec-
                                                                                     tively. While policies have yet to develop in at-
                                                                                     lantic canada, there has been clear direction
                                                                                     from the new england Governors and eastern
                                                                                     canadian Premiers (neG/ecP) and the council
                                                                                     of atlantic Premiers (caP) regarding the need




28
                                                                     P r i n c e   E d w a rd   I s l a n d   E n e r g y    Strategy
                                                                                                                            B i o f u e l s




to assess and develop local biofuel opportuni-       Biodiesel
ties. if Pei is to achieve environmental goals
and greenhouse gas objectives, the introduc-         currently, there are limited feedstocks available
tion of a biofuel policy is required given that 46   for the production of biodiesel. oil-seed crops,
percent of energy consumption in Pei is from         such as canola, could be further developed on
the transportation sector and 30 percent of          Prince edward island provided the right market
energy consumption is from petroleum-based           incentives are given. Biodiesel is more likely to
heating fuels.                                       be compatible with transportation applications
                                                     than pure plant oils as its use requires little or
                                                     no modification to existing equipment. many
p u re p l ant Oils                                  major diesel engine manufacturers already war-
                                                     rant the use of low-level blends of biodiesel and
canola and soybeans are currently grown on           diesel fuel.
just over 4 percent of Prince edward island’s
cropland. canola is particularly well suited for     the potential market for heating oil is significant,
our climate, and has a high energy content.          with 76 million litres used each year in island
acreage of canola and soybeans are currently         homes and 62 million litres used in commercial
not sufficient for broad-scale use of pure plant     and institutional facilities. demand for diesel
oils, but could support pilot initiatives and be     and light fuel oil in the region exceeded 3 billion
further developed once market demand is              litres in 2006. at blends of 5 to 20 percent, the
demonstrated.                                        inclusion of biodiesel into heating oil and diesel
                                                     fuel could create a regional demand for biodie-
Pure plant oils have a number of applications        sel exceeding 600 million litres per year.
and potential markets. Pure plant oil can dis-
place light fuel oil for space and water heating     from a life-cycle sustainability perspective,
applications and diesel in transportation appli-     biodiesel (depending on the feedstock) can
cations; however modifications to combustion         produce significantly fewer greenhouse gas
equipment may be required. engine modifica-          emissions than diesel or light fuel oil. the use of
tions (dual fuel) would be required if pure plant    biodiesel, produced domestically or imported,
oil was expected to play a significant role in the   will help the Province to meet its renewable en-
transportation sector. large commercial, in-         ergy and environmental goals.
stitutional, and industrial users of oil may also
represent a suitable market for pure plant oils.
canola and waste vegetable oil are already be-       Ethanol
ing used in some commercial fleets in Prince
edward island.                                       ethanol is a transportation fuel, suitable for
                                                     use in vehicles in blends of up to 10 percent,
                                                     without the need for any engine modifications.
                                                     the current availability of local feedstocks (e.g.
G o v e r n ment Action                              corn, wheat, sugar beets) to produce ethanol
                                                     is limited on Pei. similar to biodiesel crops,
The Provincial Government will identify              concerns exist around the type of feedstocks
and explore opportunities and applications           for ethanol production and the availability and
for the utilization of pure plant oils.              effect on agricultural land. However, many sec-
                                                     tors of the island’s agricultural industry are fac-




                                                                                                                                              29
     Prince     Edward       I s l a n d   E n e r g y   S t r a t e g y
     B i of u e l s




                         ing serious challenges from declining revenues.              renewable Fuel Standa rd
                         switching to the cultivation and production of
                         energy crops could help mitigate and improve                 a similar concept to a renewable Portfo-
                         this downward trend.                                         lio standard is the renewable fuel standard
                                                                                      (rfs). rfss set targets for a percentage of
                         current gasoline demand in Prince edward                     transport fuel to be acquired from renewable
                         island is 234 million litres (regional demand is             sources such as ethanol or biodiesel. the in-
                         2.5 billion litres). at a 10 percent ethanol blend,          troduction of rfss in other countries has lead
                         provincial demand for ethanol would be 23 mil-               to the rapid development and growth of the
                         lion litres, with regional demand near 250 mil-              biofuel market and has produced significant
                         lion litres.                                                 economic benefits. the federal Government
                                                                                      recently announced a regulation requiring a 5
                         like biodiesel, ethanol can reduce greenhouse                percent average renewable content, such as
                         gas emissions, depending on the feedstock and                ethanol, in canadian gasoline by 2010. there
                         technology platform. concerns regarding the                  are however no assurances that renewable fu-
                         environmental sustainability of ethanol produc-              els will be available in all canadian jurisdictions.
                         tion have been directed primarily at older first             it is therefore important that the Provincial Gov-
                         generation facilities in the corn-based industry             ernment establish its own rfs to ensure that
                         in the united states. more efficient second-                 islanders have access to renewable fuels.
                         generation technologies, new plant designs
                         and the potential advent of cellulosic ethanol
                         are addressing these concerns resulting in sub-              Government Action
                         stantially lessened environmental impacts.
                                                                                      The Provincial Government will consider
                                                                                      the introduction of escalating Renewable
                         l iquid Biofuel c hallenges                                  Fuel Standards for ethanol and biodiesel.
                                                                                      A Provincial E5 and B10 (or B10 renewable
                         Biofuels produced from energy crops grown                    equivalent) mandate will be introduced by
                         on Prince edward island could reduce our de-                 2013 and doubled by 2018.
                         pendence on imported fossil fuels, reduce the
                         emission of greenhouse gases and other air
                         pollutants, and potentially provide the agricul-             climate change concerns and the desire to
                         tural and forestry sectors with alternative sourc-           reduce GHGs in transportation fuels, has lead
                         es of revenue.                                               to the concept of a low carbon fuel stan-
                                                                                      dard (lcfs), initially introduced in california
                         there are, however, challenges to be consid-                 and endorsed by the Provinces of ontario and
                         ered in the development of liquid biofuels in                British columbia, as well as the state of mas-
                         Pei:                                                         sachusetts. an lcfs is a performance-based
                           •	 Determining	the	proper	transition	for	the		             and technology neutral approach that focuses
                         	 	 production	of	locally	grown	feedstocks	to	meet		         on GHG reductions, as opposed to mandating
                         	 	 market	demand                                            specific fuel types. this focus on GHG reduc-
                         	 •	 Finding/creating	the	land	use	balance	between		         tion allows innovation in the industry to develop
                         	 	 food	and	energy	crop	production                          alternative clean fuels at the lowest cost. the
                                                                                      lcfs incorporates a full life-cycle carbon anal-
                         	    •	 Understanding	the	full	environmental,	social	and		
                         	    	 economic	impacts	of	individual	feedstocks	and		       ysis.
                         	    	 technology	platforms	for	the	production	of	liquid		
                         	    	 biofuels



30
                                                                    P r i n c e   E d w a rd   I s l a n d   E n e r g y    Strategy
                                                                                                                           B i o f u e l s




G o v e r n ment Actions

The Provincial Government will endorse
the concept of a Low Carbon Fuel Standard
(LCFS), as a guiding policy framework to            Biogas production is occurring in Prince ed-
reduce GHGs, through the increased use              ward island. methane is being used on site at
of environmentally and economically                 wastewater treatment facilities and industrial
sustainable alternative biofuels.                   operations. several commercial food proces-
                                                    sors are building bio-digesters fuelled by food
The Provincial Government will engage               processing waste to offset some of their energy
the neighboring Provinces and States in             costs. Whether it is in existing markets, isolated
formulating a collaborative regional                industrial users, or as part of other biogas initia-
approach to GHG reduction through the               tives, the most appropriate and economic use
adoption of low carbon fuel standards.              of these feedstocks requires further assess-
                                                    ment. the adaPt council of Pei is currently
                                                    investigating the potential for the cost-effective
                                                    use of biogas in Pei farming operations.


Biogas

Biogas is a type of biofuel in the form of a gas
that is produced by the anaerobic digestion or
fermentation of organic matter. agricultural and
marine byproducts, crops, sewage sludge, mu-
nicipal solid waste or any other biodegradable
feedstock, under anaerobic conditions, can
produce methane and carbon dioxide. the pro-
duction of biogas could represent a significant
biofuel for space heating applications or elec-
tricity generation.

despite the considerable sources of raw ma-
terial for the production of biogas on Pei from
agricultural, marine-based and waste resourc-
es, the potential for this biofuel may be limited
to specific and localized applications. manure
generated by livestock production can be used
to generate methane and still provide fertilizer,
but at present the cost of capturing the meth-
ane exceeds its value as a renewable fuel. fish
processing waste from the mussel, lobster and
crab industry could be used as a feedstock to
produce methane. However, the logistics and
necessity of removing shell from the feedstock
have proved challenging and the potential for
nutraceutical and pharmaceutical uses may
represent a competing market.




                                                                                                                                             31
     Prince    Edward    I s l a n d   E n e r g y   S t r a t e g y
     e c o n o m i c   de velopment




                                                economic
                                             deVeloPment
            6.0          economic deVeloPment

                         Overview                                             edented challenges from high energy prices,
                                                                              dwindling fossil fuel reserves, increased de-
                         conserving energy while aggressively pursuing        mand and climate change, green technologies
                         energy efficiency and renewable energy devel-        promise to be the economic engine of the fu-
                         opment and biofuels will not only contribute to      ture. in order for Prince edward island to reap
                         a sustainable energy future, but will also help      the benefits of this explosion and next high
                         transition the island to a prosperous economy        growth opportunity, the time to put the right
                         and protect the environment. there is broad          policies in place and make decisions about the
                         recognition that Pei has already begun to make       island’s future prosperity is today.
                         this shift and is evidenced in the growth of the
                         aerospace, bioscience and information tech-          renewable energy technologies have emerged
                         nology clusters. these industries have expe-         from the groundwork laid by the computer, in-
                         rienced rapid success in part because of the         ternet and biotechnology industry revolutions
                         Provincial Government’s support and attention        and are providing unprecedented opportunities
                         to prioritizing these high growth economic op-       for economic development, wealth creation,
                         portunities. the release of the Provincial Gov-      high-growth career development, and inno-
                         ernment’s economic development strategy this         vative solutions to a variety of global issues.
                         spring, Island Prosperity - A Focus for Change,      Green technology development cuts across a
                         has set aggressive targets for economic growth.      variety of sectors from electricity generation
                         renewable energy has been identified as a pri-       to transportation fuels to water to advanced
                         ority sector for development and support rec-        manufacturing and materials. Wind power, bio-
                         ognizing the importance of this industry in the      fuels, solar and earth energy, fuel cells, electric
                         future sustainability and prosperity of the island   and hybrid vehicles are just a few examples of
                         economy.                                             emerging subsectors of the green technology
                                                                              revolution sweeping the globe. there was over-
                         the development of clean energy producing            whelming support expressed during the public
                         technologies is now a multi-billion-dollar enter-    meetings for Government to continue support
                         prise that is positioned firmly in the business      for the development of the renewable energy
                         mainstream of industry giants and investment         sector. Participants indicated that support
                         firms. as the global community faces unprec-         should be provided to all sub-sectors and not




32
                                                                        P r i n c e   E d w a rd    I s l a n d   E n e r g y   Strategy
                                                                                            e conomic               deve l o p m e n t




be limited to wind only. it was felt that all areas   has been a leader in ‘greening’ its campus and
deserved attention, with a particular focus on        supporting research and development. Pei en-
smaller-scale community-based renewable en-           ergy corporation, Pei energy systems, local
ergy projects.                                        utilities, the agricultural and forestry sectors
                                                      can all work together in strengthening a Green
                                                      industry and promoting economic development
                                                      on the island. several private sector companies
G o v e r n ment Action
                                                      have established or are interested in establish-
                                                      ing renewable energy industries and technolo-
The Provincial Government, through
                                                      gies in Pei.
Business Development Inc., will provide
support by way of different financial
                                                      Policy incentives and the support of a made-in-
incentive mechanisms to businesses
                                                      Pei Gtc could greatly enhance the economic
supplying, developing or manufacturing
                                                      benefits and opportunities for islanders:
renewable energy technologies in PEI.
                                                      	 •	 Attract	investment	dollars	for	companies,		
                                                      	 	 institutions	and	governments
                                                      	 •	 Forge	relationships	and	collaborations	locally,		
g re e n technology cluster                           	 	 regionally	and	internationally
                                                      	 •	 Accelerate	technology	transfer	and		
a business cluster is a geographic concentra-         	 	 commercialization	
tion of interconnected businesses, suppliers,
and associated institutions in a particular field.    	 •	 Build	capacity	-	new	industries	will	attract		
                                                      	 	 experts	from	various	fields		
While agriculture, fisheries and tourism have
historically been the drivers of the island econ-     	 •	 Contribute	to	the	creation	of	new	jobs
omy, emerging sectors like aerospace, biosci-         	 •	 Lead	to	export	opportunities
ence and it are now contributing more to the
overall shift to a knowledge-based economy.           the key to success for the growth of technol-
a critical capacity, a north american reputa-         ogy clusters are governmental policies and
tion and a firm track record in renewable energy      mechanisms that stimulate capacity building,
development already exists on Pei. a strategic        research and development, technology com-
plan could be designed and implemented to le-         mercialization (proof of concept) and transfer,
verage the strengths of the island’s current re-      small business support, and public outreach
sources to guide the growth and development           and education. there is a key opportunity for
of a Green technology cluster (Gtc).                  Pei that should not be overlooked- the poten-
                                                      tial for this region to become a world-renowned
the Wind Energy Institute of Canada (Weican)          hub or cluster for green tech companies, r&d
is a leader in the development of this local          activities, and showcases for the island itself
renewable resource and has attracted inter-           to walk the walk in its use of energy efficiency
national collaborations between academic in-          and conservation, renewable energy resources
stitutions, researchers and the private sector.       and biofuel development. the payoffs can be
Holland college’s strong focus in applied edu-        substantial in terms of overall economic growth
cation makes it ideally positioned to assist this     and provides additional opportunity to overhaul
industry initiative by graduating skilled techni-     a region’s image into a place that attracts more
cians in efficient technologies and renewable         conventions, more tourism and more people
energy. the university of Prince edward island        who want to live in Prince edward island.




                                                                                                                                           33
     Prince    Edward    I s l a n d   E n e r g y   S t r a t e g y
     e c o n o m i c   de velopment




                                                                            Government Action

                                                                            The Provincial Government has identified
                                                                            the renewable energy sector in PEI as
                         community-Based                                    a priority and will actively market and
                         renewable Energy projects                          support the development of a green
                                                                            technology cluster.
                         strong, diverse, local economies are the back-
                         bone of a vibrant island community. realizing      The Provincial Government will evaluate
                         the advantages that can accrue through local       the most appropriate policy mechanism
                         ownership of distributed or community-based        (e.g. net-billing, standard offer contracts
                         energy projects has resulted in the most ac-       etc.) and provide the proper regulatory
                         celerated and successful growth of renewable       framework to facilitate the development
                         energy in other jurisdictions around the world.    of community-based renewable energy
                         this model is designed and implemented to          projects in PEI.
                         accomplish the complementary goals of envi-
                         ronmental and regional economic sustainabil-
                         ity resulting in the local control and retention
                         of substantial revenues from the sale of power
                         back to the grid operator (local utilities).

                         When the revenues generated by these com-
                         munity-owned projects flow back into the local
                         municipalities, the whole community benefits
                         from the economic spin-off. long-term fixed
                         price contracts for the various forms of renew-
                         able energy sources (wind, solar, biomass &
                         earth energy) are a key economic policy mech-
                         anism that benefits the broadest spectrum of
                         local communities and residents. in all 5 com-
                         munities across the island during the public
                         meetings there were repeated calls from island-
                         ers for Government to consider different mech-
                         anisms that would facilitate the development of
                         community-based energy projects.




34
                                                                     P r i n c e   E d w a rd   I s l a n d   E n e r g y   Strategy
                                                                                                               Path         f o r w a rd




PatH forWard
 7.0           Pat H f o r W a r d

 to achieve our objectives of energy security,        the Government of Prince edward island is
 environmental sustainability and economic de-        committed to working with the neighboring
 velopment will require specific Government ac-       Provinces and new england states on energy
 tion in the form of support, incentives, legisla-    and environmental issues that collectively affect
 tion or regulations. the intent of this Provincial   our region and quality of life. this new strategy
 energy strategy document has been to present         for the Province will not be a static framework;
 new action in areas of energy efficiency and         it will be flexible and capable of adapting to new
 conservation as well as other policy mecha-          market opportunities and technological change.
 nisms to promote the use of renewable energy         We have attempted to lay out the broad frame-
 including biofuels and economic development.         work with input from interested stakeholders
 We have entered an era of high energy pricing        and the public. it is now time to put these rec-
 with increasing concerns around the effect that      ommendations into Government actions.
 our fossil fuel use is having on the environment.
 in concert with the implementation of the action     in addition to the programs, initiatives and
 items outlined in this strategy, will be specific    Government actions outlined in this strategy,
 measures taken by Government to address cli-         the department of energy, environment and
 mate change. these are outlined in the Provin-       forestry will be actively developing new and
 cial climate change strategy.                        innovative means to engage islanders to help
                                                      them find ways of dealing with the new reality of
                                                      high energy prices. the Provincial Government
                                                      will be constantly updating programs and poli-
                                                      cies to reflect the needs of island residents and
                                                      businesses and will take a proactive approach
                                                      in promoting public awareness and education
                                                      across Prince edward island.


 E a c h a n d e v e r y I s l a n d e r has a role to play in using
         e n e r g y i n t h e m o s t efficient manner possible and
                p r o t e c t i n g t h e environment for future generations.



                                                                                                                                           35
     P r i n c e   E d w a rd   Island   Energy   Strategy




             notes




36
Prince   Edward   Island   Energy   S t r a t e g y




                            notes




                                                      37
Photos credits

    Cover:   PEI Energy Corporation; iStockphoto.

    Page 06: iStockphoto.

    Page 08: Ron Garnett, AirScapes International Inc.

    Page 12: iStockphoto.

    Page 21: Ron Garnett, AirScapes International Inc.

    Page 22: PEI Energy Corporation.

    Page 26: SXC.

    Page 31: iStockphoto.

    Page 32: National Research Council.

    Page 32: iStockphoto.

				
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