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					                           WAD NEWS
       The Newsletter of the Woodcrafters Association of Durban
 Issue 7                                      May / June 2004

                                       ALLAN FERGUSON
                                       ALLAN FERGUSON
In this issue

Chairman’s Turn

Bring & Show Gallery

Craftsmen of the Month

AWSA Durban 2004

AGM 2004 Notice

Wood of the Month                        Allan’s demonstration on decoration of turned
                                         work was a real eye catcher, with an amazing
                                         array of techniques
Web Review
                                                            BRIAN COETZEE
                                                            BRIAN COETZEE
                                                        Brian’s box making skills
                                                        astounded us all at his
What’s Happening                                        demonstration in April

Tips & Techniques

AGM 2003 minutes

May / June 2004                   1                     WAD NEWS
Chairman                                                     CHAIRMAN’S TURN
Charles Thatcher                                             Charles Thatcher
7108296(W) 7085417                                              It has been a busy couple of months and very
                                                             successful ones at that. The AWSA congress kept us on
Treasurer                                                    our toes for most of the time. At the risk of blowing
Albert Paterson                                              our own trumpet, I believe the association can feel very
7673338                                                      proud of themselves in hosting what many of us
                                                             believe to have been an exceptional event. So on behalf
                                                             of WAD I would like to thank all those that helped out
                                                             in the organisation and running of the event. Our two
Derek Martin / Charles Thatcher                              years are now up and the next congress will be held in                                JHB. Good luck to them.
0824456606                                                      As you can see from the examples of work displayed on
                                                             the front page, we are extremely fortunate in having
Librarian                                                    members of the association that are prepared to share
Geoff Etheridge                                              their skills with us. Two such members are Brian Coetzee
                                                             (box making) and Allan Ferguson (decorating turned
Members                                                      work) who freely gave of their time and knowledge
Rod Ball                                                     demonstrate at April’s meetings. Both demonstrations
                                                             were of a particularly high standard and I for one, picked
                                                             up a whole lot of new tips and techniques which I am
Boet Nel                                                     eager to try out. Thanks a lot guys for your time, effort
                                                             and knowledge. Whilst I heard nothing but praise for the
John Morgan                                                  demonstrators, I also heard a lot of “If only I was that
 7027679                                                     talented” or “I would never be able to do that”. How do
                                                             you know if you haven’t tried? A lot of the techniques
                                                             may look difficult, but once you have given it a go, they
Membership                                                   tend to be a lot easier than first imagined. So give it a go
                                                             and lets see your efforts at the bring & show!
Application forms are available at the monthly
                                                                May is AGM time again and as always at this time of the
meetings from the treasurer, Albert Patterson.               year I make my appeal for you the member to put
                                                             something back into the association by volunteering your
Joining Fee:                            R100.00              services on the committee. It is not a particularly onerous
Annual Subscription:                                         task and yet makes a huge difference to those few that
       Normal                           R125.00              seem to do most of the work. So please let me know
       Pensioners                       R80.00               ASAP if you are prepared to stand for election.
                                                                How is the woodblock challenge going? Hopefully you
Woodturning Section:                                         are doing better than me (still to start, but I will get there)
                                                             Remember to bring your piece to the next meeting. Keep
In addition to the fees above:          R60.00
                                                             it concealed in a box or packet!

Visitors:       It was a pleasure to entertain the           Happy Woodworking
following visitors who joined us at our last meetings.       Charles
I trust that you enjoyed the demonstration and we
hope to see you again shortly.

 N.Steyn, P. Eaglestone, George Laroque, Chis Heunis,
 Doug Lavender, H. Van As, Anthony Harris, Gerard
 Tournier, Percy Pheasant, R. Mortassagne,

New Members:             I would like to welcome the
following new members to the association. I trust
that you will benefit from the association.
Seef Botha, Anthony Crutchley, Peter Eaglestone,
Doug Lavender and Wilhelm Schwarz

May / June 2004                                          2                                 WAD NEWS
May / June 2004   3   WAD NEWS
May / June 2004   4   WAD NEWS
                                THIS MONTH’S CRAFTSMEN
                                THIS MONTH’S CRAFTSMEN
                                                By Charles Thatcher
Ken Tebbutt a retired woodwork teacher form Edgewood College has in his retirement started a woodwork school
operating from his home in Pinetown. This month we look at how he and his team are reviving the craft of the
Wheelwright in our community.

The BC (Before Cars) stand at the Vintage and Steam Show in Nottingham Road 2003. A replica of a wheelwrights
workshop was set up at the event, attracting great interest and the opportunity at trying your hand with the traditional tools

  A group of woodworkers under the guidance of Ken
Tebbutt have been meeting once a week on a Wednesday
evening for the past 14 years. Amongst other interests
these woodworkers have recently revived the old craft of
Wagon wheel making, using the traditional tools. The
revival of this craft has induced so much interest from
the local community that this group can now often be
found at local craft fairs, vintage car rallies and the like
demonstrating this almost extinct craft. I spoke to Ken
about his craft.

What made you interested in the craft of the
   My Wednesday group of woodworkers have for many
years made wheel barrows with wooden wheels for kids.
We were then approached to make making wheels for the
display barrows found in the aisles of the shopping malls.
About 2 years ago at a vintage car rally I was approached
and asked to put on a woodworking display at the next
event. Seeing a blacksmith at the event gave me the idea
of using the wheelwright as the theme to our stand. Our
first display drew so much interest that we have now
been asked to attend other events on an annual basis.
   How strong is the craft of the wheelwright in South
Africa today
   Not very strong at all. The craft basically died out in
South Africa after the centenary of the Great Trek in
1939 and obviously as cars began to become more
May / June 2004                                                5                            WAD NEWS
popular and affordable. I know of only a couple of
other people doing it. I believe that in the farming
communities the farmers fix their own wagons and
  Where do you get the knowledge from to be
able to re-create these traditional wheels and
  When I traveled in America I visited museums and
the like, where I was able to glean a considerable
amount of knowledge. Books on the subject are also a
great source of information.
  The tools that you use are traditional
wheelwright tools. Where did you acquire these
tools from.
  When I taught woodwork at Edgewood College my
students would often ask what an adze or a drawknife
was and their use. I decided that I should have on                    Ken’s collection of wheels.
hand a sample of these old tools to show them. It
soon became known that I was collecting traditional
woodworking tools and rather than just dump or
throw out these unwanted items people would bring
them to me. I soon had a fairly extensive collection of
tools including wheelwrights tools. Some of the
benches we have made ourselves following drawings
of the traditional item.
  What wood do you use.
  Any hardwood I can lay my hands on. Wagons made
in South Africa were made in a variety of indigenous
hardwoods depending on the area from which they

Before the First World War, nearly every village had its
own wheelwright, a man skilled in his trade who            Traditional wheel wrighting tools which Ken has
would probably be assisted by his son or a boy serving     collected over the years
a five-year apprenticeship. He would be able to judge
the quality of timber in a standing tree, and able to
assess from stored timber in the
yard those pieces that would
make a good shaft, spoke or
felloe. During the Nineteenth
Century, increased use of iron in
the building of a wagon meant
that the wheelwright became
more dependent on the services
of a blacksmith.
The skill in building a wheel,
which is an item held together
without nail, bolt or glue, is
considerable. The hub, or nave,
was made from seasoned elm,
usually wych elm that would not
split, even with mortises cut for
spokes in it. It was barrel-
shaped to accept two iron stock
hoops that were shrunk on hot.
The hub was then set a cradle,
and the spoke mortises
May / June 2004                                            6                        WAD NEWS
marked, drilled and cut. The
mortises had to allow for a tapered
fit and also for the angle of dishing
of each spoke. The hub was
augered with a ‘boxing engine’ to
receive a cast-iron ‘box’ or ‘metal’
which is driven in and acts as a
bearing for the axle. Finally, the top
of the hub was cut away so that a
cotter pin could be later inserted to
retain the wheel onto an axle. The
spokes were made from oak, or
sometimes ash, which had been
seasoned for a minimum of four
years. They had square ‘feet’ that
fitted into the hub and circular
‘tongues’ that fitted into the felloes.
Two spokes would fit into each
felloe, which was made of ash or
hickory. The whole wheel was held
together with a tyre made from
iron. The tyre would start life as an iron bar, perhaps
four inches wide and three-eighths of an inch thick for a
working cartwheel. It would be shaped using a tyre-
bending machine which is a set of rollers, operated by a
handle that bent the bar into a perfect circle. After
welding the two ends of the bar to form a ring, the tyre
was heated in a circular fire to a dull red colour.
Meanwhile, the wheel was mounted on a tyring platform
- usually a large stone or metal plate - using a clamp to
hold the hub of the wheel. When the tyre was ready it
was swiftly carried from the fire with tongs, and placed
over the rim of the wheel. After hammering into
position, water was poured onto the hot metal to cool it
before the wood of the wheel became burnt. As the
metal contracted, it crushed the joints of the wheel tight.
The dish of the wheel could be made more pronounced
at this stage by loosening the tyring platform clamp and
allowing the nave to rise up to it.                               Rudi morticing the hub on the stand and Ken preparing
It was important that the circumference of the tyre was           spokes on the shave horse. Notice the cooper jointer used
measured carefully. The length of bar required to make a          for edge jointing (that rather large plane between the two).

                                                              tyre was a little shorter than the circumference of the
                                                              wheel it was to fit. However, if the tyre was too tight there
                                                              was a danger that excess pressure would distort the wheel.
                                                              Generally, a tyre would be about one inch ‘tight’ or shorter
                                                              than the wheel’s circumference for a wagon wheel, and
                                                              half-inch tight for a gig wheel.
                                                              In the 1920s, a decline in the volume of work for the
                                                              business meant that wheelwrights diversified into other

 Schalk setting up a typical wheelwrights lathe
 for turning the hubs

May / June 2004                                               7                               WAD NEWS
                                                                     Norman using the traditional stand and tools for
Fred Wright on the pole lathe used for preparing the spokes
                                                                     mortising the hub and fitting the spokes.

                                                                       Peter and Michael assembling wheels. Michael
Rudi and Ken making the tapered hole in the hub mounted on             operating the spoke lever, while Peter attaches a
the wheel stand                                                        felloe to two spokes which are attached to the hub

                                                              This) wagon was built in Franshoek by the French Hugenots
Wally Lavender on the pole lathe and Ken riding the           for the carrying of supplies. It was sent to the opening of the
shaving horse at the Festival Wood.                           Eiffel Tower in France but currently resides in Ken’s garden.

  May / June 2004                                              8                             WAD NEWS
May / June 2004   9   WAD NEWS
            CONGRESS DURBAN 2004

    Well yet another congress has come and gone and               as we did. In particular it was fantastic to experience the
  what a fantastic event it was. John Mills and his team          work of Mick and Liz first hand. Having read their
  have done the Durban association proud, in the                  books it brought to life their skills and techniques.
  professional manner in which the event was organised            Already their influence is filtering through in the work
  and run.. The standard of the work and the                      displayed at the recent bring and shows at our meetings.
  demonstrations are of a world class standard and that is        Whilst I have singled out Mick and Liz, this is not to say
  the opinion of Mick & Liz O’Donnel, our international           our local turners did not do as good a job, in fact several
  guests and demonstrators at the congress, both world            of our turners/demonstrators have been invited to
  renowned for their woodturning skills and techniques.           demonstrate at the USA congress, well done guys.
    As chairman of the hosting association I would like to

Internationally renowned, Woodturners, Mick and Liz O’Donnel were the star attractions at this year’s congress
  thank all those who attended the event, exhibited their         The gallery was truly inspiring and it was interesting to
  work and especially those, who gave so freely and               see the new trends and techniques being used in our part
  generously of their time and knowledge to demonstrate.          of the world. I am sure you all returned home fully
  I can only hope you enjoyed and learned from it as much         charged up and rearing to try out new ideas.

  May / June 2004                                            10                                WAD NEWS
  Apart from the turning side, great fun was had                 The raffle and auction was a great success and we
renewing old acquaintances and making new ones. It               managed to raise R12000 which was donated to
seems that there is a certain unique camaraderie at these        The National Sea and Rescue Institute   R5500
events that can not be reproduced elsewhere. The social          Ethelbert Childrens Home                R55000
evenings will be remembered by most. There are a few             Vuka Uzithate                           R1000
that will not remember everything, those of you will             Thanks      everyone      for      your    generosity.
know whom I am talking about (maybe Jack or Captain
will jog the memory)!!

                                                                            John Mills presenting our
                                                                              donation to the NSRI
                                                             Well from all of us in Durban, thanks to all those who
Mick is not just a woodturner!! Fun was had by all          attended the congress, we trust you enjoyed yourselves and
                   at the dinner                            we look forward to seeing you in Joburg next year.

Videos and a CD of photographs of the event will be available shortly. Once they are ready we will let you know. Here
are a few photos to whet your appetite. As much as I would like to feature many more pieces this is not possible (there
were +-128 pieces on display). So I have only included some snaps of the demonstrators and their work,

            Mick & Liz O’Donnel’s Work                                  .

                       Carved Ducks

                                                                              Izak Cronje auctions a donated
                                                                                  masterpiece for charity
              Traditional Paste Patterns
May / June 2004                                             11                              WAD NEWS
                                          Dennis Laidler

 Demonstration of using a laser to measure wall thickness

                                               Mike Lewis

         Demonstration of inlays in epoxy resin                     Paua Shells inlaid to epoxy resin

                                            Butch Smuts

       Carved and Inlaid woodturnings             Multicentre turning. Resin Tree burl +- 800mm in diameter
May / June 2004                                       12                          WAD NEWS
                                                 AGM 2004

1.      WELCOME
        Current Committee
        Chairman   Charles Thatcher
        Treasurer: Albert Paterson
        Editor:    Derek Martin / Charles Thatcher
        Librarian: Geoff Etheridge
        Members:   John Morgan, Boet Nel, Rod Ball,

8.      GENERAL

Please let me know if you would volunteer to serve on the Committee, we really do need your help.

Charles Thatcher
Tel: 031 7108296 (W)
Cell: 0844445532

The association was saddened to learn of the death this week of one our most valuable members “Someone Else”
Someone’s passing creates a vacancy that will be difficult to fill. Else has been with us for many years. He did far more
than a normal person’s share of the work. Whenever there was a job to do, one name was on everyone’s lips “Let
Someone Else do it”.
It was common knowledge that Someone Else was amongst the largest contributors of his time; whenever there was a
need for volunteers, everyone just assumed Someone Else would volunteer.
Someone Else was a wonderful person – sometimes appearing superhuman, but a person can only do so much.
Were the truth be known, everybody expected too much of Someone Else.
Now Someone Else is gone!
We wonder what we are going to do. Someone Else left a wonderful example to follow, but who is going to do the
things Someone Else did.

                                        PLEASE THINK ABOUT IT!!

May / June 2004                                              13                              WAD NEWS
                                 WOOD OF THE MONTH

Wild Olive.
Scientific Name:    Olea Europea subsp. Africana

Common Names:       Wild Olive

Common Uses:        Excellent for fine furniture, cabinet making and wood
                    turning. Its durable wood is ideal for fence posts.
                    knobkerries and walking sticks An ink is made from the
                    juice of the fruit. Traditional remedies prepared from
                    this plant serve as eye lotions and tonics, lower blood
                    pressure, improve kidney function and deal with sore
                    throats. The early Cape settlers used the fruits to treat

Distribution        In nature, the best specimens normally occur on
                    riverbanks and in dry watercourses.. It is widespread in
                    Africa, the Mascarene Islands, Arabia, India to China.

Tree Description:   A medium sized tree, up to 14m tall with a
                    well defined, rounded crown. The narrow
                    oblong leaves, covered in silvery green scales
                    underneath, densely covers the tree. The
                    flowers (October to February) are small and
                    creamy white, with a sweet scent. The fruit
                    (March to July) is a small drupe, about 10 mm
                    long. They are black when mature. The bark
                    on the older stems is dark grey, flaking off in
                    thin strips. On younger branches the bark is
                    divided into small squares. In nature, the best
                    specimens normally occur on riverbanks and
                    in dry watercourses. It has got quite an
                    aggressive root system, and care should be
                    taken not to plant it too close to buildings.

Wood Appearance:    This wood is highly prized for its beauty. It is
                    close-grained, strong and very hard: the sapwood
                    is whitish to pale brown, but the heartwood is
                    very striking, dark reddish-brown or golden-
                    brown interlaced with beautiful dark figuring
                    producing an extremely striking effect. Seasoned
                    boards of +- 1 metre in length and 200 – 400mm
                    in width are available at selected lumber yards.

Durability:         The wood is extremely durable and was once
                    used for fence posts
Workability:        The wood works well and takes a fine finish
                    making it excellent for fine furniture. The wild
                    grain can be prone to tear out when machining or
                    hand planing..

May / June 2004                                      14                         WAD NEWS
                                          WEB REVIEWS
                                               By Charles Thatcher

  Name:- Richard Williams                                       Name:- Woodturning Plus
         Fine contemporary Furniture
                                                                A website that has a bit of everything. A gallery of
  Richard William’s furniture has a timeless feel to it         world turners is being built up which should help you
  that encompasses both the traditional nature of fine          with reference and ideas.
  furniture making and clean modern lines. Practising
  the highest quality of craftsmanship, this workshop           There are articles for beginners and experienced
  have won many accolades. The website is clean,                alike, links to shopping sites, book reviews and
  informative and crisp looking making it easy to

                                   WHAT’S HAPPENING
 Please let me know of any events that would be of interest to our members, I need to know when and
 where and I will endeavour to include it in the next newsletter.
                        MAY 10TH ,                        18h00            WOODCRAFT
                        Annual General Meeting:
                        Woodblock Challenge:              Bring your masterpieces along for us all to see

                        MAY 17TH ,                    18h00         WOODTURNING
  WAD                   Beginners Bowl Turning: Brian Kitching
                        Back to basics bowl turning. Timber selection and preparation, shapes turning etc.
                        JUNE 14TH ,                       18h00            WOODCRAFT
                        To be confirmed

                        JUNE 21ST ,              18h00      WOODTURNING
                        Embellishment of Turned Work: John Mills

                                       TREND AND JET EQUIPMENT DEMONSTRATION
                          JUNE 24TH                       BRAZIERS PMB                             TIME TBC
EVENTS                    Strand Hardware in conjunction with Braziers will be hosting demonstrations of
                          the Jet and Trend range of woodworking equipment by professional
                          demonstrators. Having been to the last demonstration I can highly recommend a
                          trip to see the latest wood working tools in action.

                                        THE CLASSIFIEDS
 Ads can be placed for free by submitting the details in writing to the editor.
  For Sale:        Tri-Star table saw, 12" complete with two TCT blades. 1.5 kW motor & factory
                   stand. In excellent condition.                             R1,800 or nearest offer
                   Eurasia 14" Band saw on factory stand. Excellent condition,        R950
  Contact:         Barry Parkin    0836771433

 May / June 2004                                           15                             WAD NEWS
                             TIPS & TECHNIQUES
                            Bowl Turniing Thiickness Gauge
                            Bowl Turn ng Th ckness Gauge
If you are, or aspire, to be a bowl turner, then the following jig is a must. One of the recognised criteria for
the majority of turned bowls is that they have an even wall thickness. Whilst feeling with your fingers will give
you a good indication of wall thickness, this jig will give you an exact wall thickness in almost all bowls.

The gauge can be made out of almost any scrap material you have lying around (plywood, aluminium,
Perspex, steel etc.) Cut the shape out with a band saw or jig saw and sand smooth. The pivot point can be
secured with a nut and bolt or rivet. A scale can be marked on the calliper by hand but is not absolutely

Attached hereafter are actual
size drawings which can and
used as a template for cutting.

                               Bevell Anglle Measuriing Tooll
                               Beve Ang e Measur ng Too
Several members have asked me for a template for the bevel angle measuring tool that Mike Lewis had at the
AWSA congress, well here it is.

  Actual Size

March / April 2004                                         16                            WAD NEWS
March / April 2004   17   WAD NEWS
March / April 2004   18   WAD NEWS
                            WOODCRAFTER’S ASSOCIATION OF DURBAN.

  Minutes of the Annual General Meeting of the Woodcrafter’s Association of Durban held on the
                     12th May 2003 at 18h00 in the Pineville Junction Venue.

Notice of the 12th AGM and an agenda were published in the most recent April 2003 Newsletter and therefore taken as

1. Welcome:
The chairman welcomed all guests and members to the AGM.

2. Attendance:
A list of members attending is recorded in the Attendance Register

3. Apologies:
M.Kruger, B.Mc Phail, J.Swanepoel, B.Haird, M.Freese, D.Fourie, P.Bullock

4. Chairman’s Report:
Chairman Charles Thatcher presented his report in which he highlighted the many successes enjoyed by the association
during the past year. A full copy of his report will be published in the May Newsletter.
The report was accepted.
Proposed: J.Mills
Seconded: G Etheridge.

5. Treasurer’s Report:
The treasurer tabled a copy of the financial report at the meeting. Charles asked Rod Ball to convey the thanks of the
Association to Crystal for all her hard work and effort that she had given to the association. A suitable gift is to be
presented to Crystal from the association. C.Thatcher went through the report on behalf of the treasurer and stressed
that the association was in a sound financial position and consequently there had been no need to increase
subscriptions. Members were warned that a certain amount of the stocks listed under Current Assets would have to be
written off and this would affect the financial statement in the present year.
J.Mills raised the issue regarding insurance to cover the Associations accumulated assets. The committee would discuss
The treasurer’s report was accepted as tabled.
Proposed: A.Paterson
Seconded: R Menzies.

6. Election of Committee:
The chairman indicated that both Brian Kitching and Pat Heslop wished to stand down from the committee. Charles
paid tribute to the contributions and efforts that Brian and Pat had put into the association over the past years. The rest
of the committee was available for re-election. Charles expressed his disappointment to the association for the poor
response to his request for volunteers to serve on the committee.
The following members were nominated to serve on the committee:

Treasurer:     Albert Paterson
Nominated: T Chalmers
Seconded: J.Pons

Committee Member: John Morgan
Nominated: G Etheridge
Seconded: C Thatcher

Bill Kruger proposed that the nominated members and existing committee members be re-elected.
Seconded: Bill Everett
The proposal was carried unanimously.

March / April 2004                                              19                               WAD NEWS
Mike Freese requested to be relieved of the tea and coffee duties. When no volunteers were forthcoming, Stephanus
Du Toit agreed to take over the duties until a relief could be found. Failing this the serving of refreshments would be
discontinued at future meetings.

7. General:
7.1 The committee proposed that a sub committee be set up to co-ordinate the demonstrations and workshops for the
‘Woodturning Sub-Section’. This committee would comprise members from the woodturners and would meet at
agreed time intervals.

7.2 Alex Wishart having recently been down to Knysna area extended good wishes from Eckard Muller and Tinus
Barnard to the Association.

7.3 John Mills thanked Charles Thatcher for all his efforts over the past year.

        Meeting closed at 19h30

                 Signed Chairman: …………………………….

                 Date: ……………………………..

March / April 2004                                              20                              WAD NEWS