olweus by ashrafp


									                         INTRODUCTION                                                 THE BULLYING PREVENTION PLAN
The problem of school bullying is one of growing dimension and is of         Stopping bullying and creating a safe and kinder environment for
great concern to teachers, parents, and children. While not a new            students is contingent on these principles: having a system in place for
problem at schools, bullying can have lifelong consequences for both         reporting incidents and detailing consequences (sanctions); putting
bullies and victims. Children who continue to bully will not develop         children at less risk for bullying by having more adult supervision and
proper social skills. Likewise, children who see that aggressors get         keeping students more engaged with positive activities during their
what they want through bullying are more likely to accept or imitate         “down time;” and, establishing a climate where bystanders speak out
this undesirable behavior.                                                   when they see bullying knowing that their behavior will not be
                                                                             considered “tattling,” but rather an honorable deed.
The Central Dauphin School District promotes a proven bullying
intervention program based on the studies and research of Dr. Dan            This endeavor is school-wide, encompassing all students in all grade
Olweus, Professor of Psychology. The results that can be achieved by         levels, and all the adults who have contact with them (i.e. teachers,
implementing this “whole school” approach to bullying are:                   custodians, classroom aides, bus drivers, cafeteria workers, etc.). By
     A reduction in bully/victim problems.                                  joining together, a unity and a consistency will be created that will
     A reduction in anti-social behavior in students such as truancy,       make it possible for this system to work. Students will learn to seek
       fighting, and even drug and alcohol abuse.                            help, stand up for themselves and others, and express their feelings.
     An improvement in the school social climate that reduces               Through classroom meetings, role playing, and other activities, they
       anxiety, provides safety, invokes respect, and builds confidence      will be taught acceptance of others, positive assertive behavior, and
       for all students.                                                     problem solving.

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                     WHAT IS BULLYING?                                               SCHOOL PLEDGE AGAINST BULLYING
Bullying is when one child, or a group of children, repeatedly hurt                I will not bully others.
another child through words or actions. Direct bullying behaviors can              I will try to help students who are bullied.
involve physical aggression or other open forms of attack such as                  I will make it a point to include students who are left out.
name calling, teasing, or making threats. Indirect forms of bullying               When I know someone is being bullied, I will tell an adult at
are more subtle, like social isolation, deliberate exclusion, or spreading          school and an adult at home.
rumors. Bullying can occur without any obvious provocation on the
part of the victim.

Bullying is characterized by the following three circumstances:
    The behavior is aggressive or malicious.
    It is repeated and goes on over time.
    It occurs in a relationship where there is an imbalance of
       strength or power.
                                    THE SANCTIONS
Everyone plays a role in bully prevention. The purpose of the Olweus
program is to give all students the power to help a bullying victim.
Consequences- called sanctions- are developed by each school in order
to help students change their behavior. These sanctions are adapted to
grade levels, and are given based on number and severity of


The Central Dauphin School District is committed to this program
with the understanding that such endeavors are not a quick fix to the
issue of bullying. This program’s success will depend on it becoming
an inherent part of each school’s culture.

We need to teach all students now and in the future not to take part in
or become victims of bullying by learning to express their feelings
while respecting those of others. We CAN build a more resilient
youth with less anxiety, higher self-esteem, and the confidence to
resist peer pressure both in the educational setting and in society.


                        RESOURCES FOR PARENTS
Bullying at School, author Dan Olweus
This book, written by a leading world authority on problems of bullying and victimization, is an essential
read for all who are involved with children and young people.
                                  Recommended Websites:
District Contact: Mrs. Margaret Auten, Director of Pupil Services

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