List of Wheat Diseases recorded in Nepal

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					List of Wheat Diseases recorded in Nepal
S.No. Name of        Causal organism Year        Reference    Prevalence    Status
        disease
1.      Brown rust Puccinia              1980s   AnnR,PPD Widespread Major
                     recondita                   1988     Tari
                     f.sp.tritici
2.      Yellow rust P. striisormis       1988    Proceeding   Widespread Major
                     f.sp.tritici                1992         Hills
3       Foliar       Bipolaris           1973s   AnnR.        Wide       Major
        blight       sorokiniana                 1970         spread
                     Pyrenophora                              Trai
                     tritici-repentis
                     Alternaria triticia
                     A.alternat
4.      Root         B.sorokiniana       1990s   AnnR         Tarai and     Major
        rot/footrot  Fusarium spp.               1990s        Inner Tarai
                     Pythium spp.
5.      Loose smut Utlago sagatum        1963   Nep.J.Ag.     Hills &       Major
                     f.sp.tritici               1967          Tarai
                                                K.B.P.
6.     Powdery       Erysiphe             1980s AnnR          Tarai &       Minor
       mildew        graminis                   NWRP          Valleys
                     f.sp.tritici
8.     Common        Tiletia caries       1992   Proceeding Hills           Minor
       bunt          Tiletia foetida
                     T.laevis

9.     Sclerotium    Sclerotium rolfsii   1989   AnnR       Tarai           Minor
       wilt                                      NWRP
10.    Karnal        Neovossia indica     1978   Proceeding Hill, DOTI      Minor
       bunt
11.    Stem rust     P. graminis f.sp.    1989   AnnR,        Tarai &       Minor
                     tritici                     NWRP         hills
12.    Septoria       Septoria spp.       1995   AnnR         Hills         Minor
       Leaf spot                                 NWRP
13.    Flag smut     Urocystis            1995   AnnR         Hills         Minor
                     agropyri                    NWRP
14.    Bacterial     Pseudomonas          1996   AnnR         Hills         Minor
       Sheath rot    syringae                    NWRP
15.    BYDV          Barley yellow        1992   AnnlR,       Tarai         Reorted
                     dwarf virus                 NWRP
                                          1992   Procceding   Tarai&hills   Major
16.    Black point   B.sorokiniana
                     P.tritici-repentis
                     Alternaria spp.
                     Curvularia spp.
                    Pestaliopsis spp.
                    Cladosporium
                    spp.
                    Fusarium spp.
                    Aspergillus spp.
17   Wheat leaf     Cercospora sp
     spot
18   Foot rot       Sclerotium rolfsii 1994   Annon    Widespread Minor
19   Wheat          Aspergillus        2004   Anon,    Tarai      Minor
     rhizosphere    flavus                    PPD
                    A.niveus
                    A.fumigatus
                    A.niger
                    F.subglutinans
                    F.oxysporum
                    F.pallidoroseum
                    F.solani
                    Myrothecium
                    roridum
                    Acremonium spp.
                    C.lunata
                    F.equiseti
                    Nigrospora
                    oryzae
                    Gliocladium
                    roseum
                    Thielavia
                    terricola
                    Achrophylophora
                    fusispora
                    Trichoderma
                    harzianum
                    T.polysporum
                    Epicoccum sp.
                    Chaetomium sp.

20   Wheat          Aspergillus         2001- AnnulR   Tarai      Minor
     planted soil   niveus              2002
                    A.terreus
                    A.flavus
                    A.niger
                    Trichoderma
                    harzianum
                    Alternaria
                    longissima
                    Acrophylophora
fusispora
Fusarium solani
Gliocladium
roseum

				
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Jun Wang Jun Wang Dr
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