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					  The M.S. and Ph.D. Thesis Proposals to be supervised by the academic staff in the
  Engineering Faculty, starting from the fall 2010-2011 academic year are as follows:


  Staff Name      Thesis Proposal Title to be Supervised in the 2010-2011 Academic Year
                 1. RFID-based wireless manufacturing monitoring and analysis system,
                    design and implementation (Ph.D. Thesis Proposal): Wireless
                    manufacturing relies substantially on wireless devices such as RFID (radio
                    frequency identification) or Auto ID (automatic identification) sensors, and
                    wireless information/ communication networks such as Wi–Fi for the
                    collection and synchronization of manufacturing field data. In this Thesis
                    Proposal we are going to discuss the recent developments in RFID-based
                    WM solutions. The study will be conducted by examining related
                    whitepapers, case reports and research articles available in the literature,
                    and by reflecting on the insights recently experienced in developing
                    prototype solutions. Typical motivations will be presented to highlight why
                    and how manufacturers can benefit from applying WM solutions in
                    addressing     shop-floor   challenges   and     facilitating  contemporary
                    manufacturing strategies. Representative WM manufacturing applications
                    and potentials, in the areas of product assembly, part fabrication, just-in
                    time (JIT), mass customization, manufacturing asset management and
                    maintenance, and product lifecycle is going to discuss. At the next step a
                    virtual reality environment would be simulated to show the efficiency of
                    using RFID technology in production lines, finally results will be compared
                    with traditional systems to investigate the benefits. The last step is to
                    perform a RFID-enabled real-time wireless manufacturing in an assumed
                    factory as the case study.
                 2. Virtual Forming Analysis enhancing rapid prototyping in collaborative
                    product development (Ph.D. Thesis Proposal): VFA is a transparent and
                    remote virtual simulation and testing paradigm utilized in a service-oriented
Prof.Dr. Majid      collaboration environment. A VFA tool embedded in the metal forming
HASHEMIPOUR         design process can be used to represent an analysis and imply the physical
                    and mechanical effects of a forming process. Our research aims can be
                    categories as; how forming operation can be embedded transparently and
                    remotely into a service-oriented collaborative forming design environment,
                    how the integrated process such as collaborative networks can help a
                    designer to quickly select robust forming design and process for rapid
                    manufacturing, A new virtual forming analysis concept Instead of the
                    current sequential process for verifying and validating a forming design
                    concept will be introduced to predict the various effects of plastic forming, A
                    standard manufacturing information model in forming process for support
                    DFM in virtual medium and small size enterprise will be deigned, A web
                    based forming information model for sharing technology and software and
                    application service in collaborative product development will be developed.
                 3.     Multi-agent system architecture for collaborative wireless sensor
                      networks based on IEC 61499 function blocks (Ph.D. Thesis Proposal):
                      The Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a technology which is newly adopted
                      in a wide range of application such as intelligent buildings, environmental
                      monitoring, military, security systems and industrial automation. The
                      network comprised of many nodes which are developed of low cost, low
                      power and multifunctional. Comparing Multi-agent System and WSN, one
                      can say that each node may be modeled as an agent, since each node is
                      autonomous, collaborative and even self organizing. Several researches have
                      been done on implementing MAS on WSN. However, there is a lack of low
                      level (hardware and embedded system) implementation of the agents on
                      WSN. On the other hand, it would be nice if the low level implementation
                      could be based on a well-known standards in the context of distributed
                   systems. IEC 61499 Function Blocks (FB) is a new standard to model the
                   distributed systems. According to the IEC proposal, function blocks are
                   suitable for industrial processes and measurements. Many research have
                   been done on modeling MAS using IEC 61499 in order to control the
                   distributed systems. In this context, an architecture for modeling WSN with
                   IEC 61499 will be proposed.

                1. Development of a computer code for solving the Navier -Stokes
                   equations on unstructured meshes using multigrid techniques (PhD.
                   Thesis): A general purpose computer code will be developed in Fortran
                   language for solving the Navier-Stokes equations together with any other
                   scalar flow variable in complex geometries on unstructured meshes using
                   multigrid techniques.
                2. Simulation of turbulent impinging jets using a hybrid LES-RANS model
Prof.Dr.           (PhD. Thesis): A computer program will be developed for the simulation of
Ġbrahim SEZAĠ      turbulent impinging jets using a hybrid Large Eddy Simulation (LES) -
                   Unsteady Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes Equations (URANS) method on
                   nonorthogonal meshes. LES gives accurate results for turbulent flows.
                   However, fine grid requirements of LES in the near wall region makes it too
                   costly for wall bounded turbulent flows. The object of hybrid LES-RANS is to
                   eliminate the requirements of high near-wall resolution in wall parallel flows
                   where a URANS model is used in the near wall region.
               1. Numerical Investigation of Transpiration Cooling on Liquid Rocket
                  Thrust Chamber Wall (Ph.D. Thesis Proposal): Transpiration cooling, also
                  named as film cooling, can be used as an effective method of cooling the
                  thrust chamber wall of a liquid rocket engine. It involves a liner similar to
                  that in the transient heat transfer method as well as injection of a coolant as
                  in regenerative cooling method. A porous material or a combination of
                  porous materials is imbedded inside of the thrust chamber wall. A coolant
                  fluid, typically the propellant, is then pushed through the porous material
                  until it ultimately reaches the thrust chamber wall. The thermal properties,
                  most notably the effective conductivity, of the coolant and porous matrix
                  provide an efficient cooling mechanism for the thrust chamber wall. The
                  motive for this work comes from the work done at the German Aerospace
                  Center (DLR) and the work done by Air Force Research Lab (AFRL) at Wright
                  Air Force Base. The concepts developed at AFRL are a part of the Integrated
                  High-Payoff Rocket Propulsion Technology Program (IHPRPT) and involve the
                  use of transpiration cooling as a way to improve current, actively cooled
                  thrust chambers. The AFRL concept that involves the use of two porous
                  matrix system, a porous inner liner and intermediate lightweight porous
                  foam coolant plenum was expected to significantly reduce system cost, part
                  count, and coolant volume. This investigation is a theoretical extension to
                  the work of AFRL that teamed up with Ultramet for developing transpiration
                  cooling system using metallic porous matrices and ceramic porous matrices
                  and DLR that promoted ceramic matrix composite technologies for the same
                  purpose.
               2. Mathematical Modeling of Magnetic Regenerator Refrigeration Systems
                  (M.S. Thesis Proposal): Active Magnetic Regenerator Refrigeration (AMRR)
                  systems are mainly based on magnetocaloric effect of some special solid
                  material instead of fluorocarbon and ammonia which are extremely harmful
Prof.Dr.          to the environment. During the last three decades a variety of cooling
Hikmet AYBAR      systems are designed using magnetic refrigeration technology at room
                  temperature. The aim of this Thesis Proposal is to present a mathematical
                  model of different AMRR Systems. In this way it would be very easy to
                  predict the results of the system by using various inputs such as refrigerant
                  material, fluid velocity, etc.

               3. Evaluation of Thermo-physical Properties of Nanofluids (M.S. Thesis
                  Proposal): Nanofluids are engineered colloids that are base fluid and
                  nanoparticles. Base fluids are water, organic liquid. The size of
                  nanoparticles is between 1 nm and 100 nm. Nanoparticle materials are
                  oxides (e.g., Al2O3, ZrO2, SiO2, CuO), metals (e.g., Au, Cu), and carbon (e.g.,
                  PyC, diamond, C60). Some applications of nanofluids include heat transfer,
                  pharmaceutics and cosmetics, and paints. Researches in heat transfer have
                  been carried out over the previous several decades, leading to the
                  development of the currently used heat transfer enhancement techniques.
                  The use of additives is a technique applied to enhance the heat transfer
                  performance of base fluids. Recently, as an innovative material, nanometer-
                  sized particles have been used in suspension in conventional heat transfer
                  fluids. Three properties make nanofluids promising coolants: increased
                  thermal conductivity; increased single-phase heat transfer coefficient;
                  increased critical heat flux. Unfortunately, viscosity increases also. The aims
                  of this Thesis Proposal are: State-of-art review of studies in open literature
                  about thermo-physical properties of nanofluids; Investigation and
                  comparison of analytical methods to evaluate thermo-physical properties of
                  nanofluids; Estimation of thermo-physical properties of some nanofluids in
                  cooling application.
                 1. Solar Cooling of Buildings in Hot and Humid Climates (Ph.D Thesis
                    Proposal): The student will be expected to make a thorough review of the
                    techniques employed to cool buildings by solar energy. A case study that
                    involves design, experimental work and simulation will be performed. A
                    thermo-economic analysis will also be carried out for buildings in N. Cyprus
                    weather conditions. The student is expected to have a good knowledge of
                    refrigeration and air conditioning before starting this Thesis Proposal.
                 2. Performance of a PV integrated Solar Still (M.S. Thesis Proposal): A solar
                    still is being built in the department that incorporates a PV panel for
                    enhanced performance. The M.S. Thesis Proposal involves experimental and
                    theoretical analysis.
                 3. Optimum Slope Angle of Flat-Plate Solar Collectors for Domestic Water
                    Heating Applications (M.S. Thesis Proposal): Often the optimum solar
                    collector-slope angle is determined based on the maximum energy captured.
                    However, in water heating this does not mean that the energy utilization
                    would be at its maximum too since in summer the water is over-heated and
Assoc.Prof.Dr.      in winter there is a need of using the auxiliary heater to top up the required
Uğur ATĠKOL         energy. This is due to the fact that when humans take a shower the
                    temperature of the water must be at approximately 40 deg C for a
                    comfortable shower. There is a need to make an analysis considering this
                    constraint. Exergy analysis can be an appropriate tool.
                 4. Feasibility of Small-Scale Wind Turbines in Famagusta (M.S. Thesis
                    Proposal): A Rutland 913 Windcharger is installed on the roof of the
                    Mechanical Engineering Building and set to operate in “stand-alone” mode.
                    It is required to measure the electricity produced throughout the year,
                    energy losses due to storage in the batteries and make an economic
                    feasibility analysis. For this reason, there is a need of setting up a data
                    acquisition system to collect the necessary data. The student is expected to
                    be familiar with measurement and data acquisition systems.
                 5. Performance of a Free-Convection Solar Air Heater (M.S. Thesis
                    Proposal): A solar air heater which contains 2 air passages and 3 layers of
                    wire mesh has been constructed recently. The M.S. Thesis Proposal is
                    essentially an experimental work aiming at analyzing the thermal
                    performance of this solar air heater for winter conditions.
                 1. Thermoeconomic optimization of combined cycle power plants (PhD
                    Thesis Proposal): Computer simulation of a combined cycle power plant will
                    be developed. Detailed economic analysis for the plant will be conducted.
                    Different scenarios will be considered for optimum power plant design.

                 2. Potential for space heating using solar energy in Cyprus (MS Thesis
                    Proposal): Although Cyprus is one of the leading countries in solar water
                    heating, solar air heating has not been put in use. The aim is to investigate
                    the potential for space heating using solar energy for the residential sector.

Assoc.Prof.Dr.   3. Design and testing of an evaporative cooler for warm humid countries
FUAT                (MS Thesis Proposal): Evaporative coolers work efficiently in hot and dry
EGELĠOĞLU           climates. When relative humidity increases performance of an evaporative
                    cooler decreases. In this study various desiccants will be used to dry the
                    incoming air stream prior wetting in order to improve the efficiency of the
                    cooler.

                 4. Experimentally investigating low concentrating photovoltaic cells (MS
                    Thesis Proposal): The performance of concentrating PV cells will be
                    investigated. The aim is to increase the output. Solar cells efficiency
                    decrease as temperature increases. Various cooling techniques will be
                    applied in order to increase the efficiency of the cells.
                  1. Experimental investigation of vortex shedding behind Normal Flat
                     plates (M.Sc Thesis Proposal): In This Thesis Proposal normal flat plates
                     will be tested with different gap ratios in wind tunnel. Vortex shedding will
                     investigated by using hot wire anemometry and analyzed with
                     computational techniques.

                  2. Experimental investigation and development of drag reducing spoilers
                     for passenger cars (M.Sc Thesis Proposal): In this Thesis Proposal small
                     scale models of different types of spoilers will be tested in wind tunnel.
                     Effect of lift and down force will be investigated.
Assist.Prof.Dr.
Hasan             3. Computerizing and improving the pump test equipment of Hydraulic
HACIġEVKI            Laboratory (M.Sc Thesis Proposal): The Thesis Proposal involves
                     substituting electronic sensors and measuring devices on existing hydraulic
                     laboratory equipments and converting them into fully electronic and
                     software controlled system.

                  4.     Improving efficiency of solar power assisted car by utilizing
                        sophisticated cells and drive trains (M.Sc Thesis Proposal): This Thesis
                        Proposal is mainly concentrated on developing and improving the present
                        solar car Thesis Proposal. High efficient batteries and drive systems will be
                        adopted and tested.


                       1.   Experimental Investigation and Optimization of High-Speed Deep Drilling of Hard-
                            to-Cut Materials (PhD Thesis Proposal). High-speed deep drilling of hard steels,
                            CFRCs, Ti alloys, and Ni alloys finds broad based applications in manufacturing domain.
                            The biggest challenge is to drill deep ([L/D ratio in excess of 10). Following objectives
                            are desired: (1)Work out the drilling conditions that can ensure the maximization of L/D
                            ratio. (2) Investigate for the optimal drilling parameters that can lead to the maximum
                            possible life of the twist drill for any given drilling condition. (3) Find out the
                            combination of the parameters that can generate the holes of best possible quality. (4)
                            Work out the combination of the parameters that can provide increased production rate
                            without compromising the first 3 objectives. (5) Find out the trade-off among these four
                            conflicting objectives and optimize the process. (6) Utilize AI based tool to automate the
                            accomplishment of the objective number 5. The project will be accomplished in following
                            four stages: (1) Optimizing Drill Geometry; (2) Influence of Drill Coating and Workpiece
                            Material Condition; (3) Optimizing Coolant and Cutting Parameters; (4) Expert System
                            for Optimizing Parameters and Predicting Performance Measures. The outcomes will
                            significantly contribute towards improvement in productivity and reduction in cost of
                            manufacturing processes.
Assist.Prof.Dr.
 Asif IQBAL
                       2.   Investigating the milling and drilling of CFRC/Titanium stacks using innovative
                            coated carbide tools (PhD Thesis Proposal). The layered composite structures with
                            hybrid combination of CFRP and TiAl6V4 combine advantageous properties for
                            aerospace applications. Milling/Drilling of such materials is a challenging task because of
                            differential machining properties. Machining of multi-material stacks has problems like
                            chip disposal, change in dynamic cutting forces, tool temperature and tool wear. The main
                            focus will be laid to development of ideal cutting tools. The tungsten carbide mills and
                            drills, coated with: (1) tripple coatings [e.g. combination of conventional ceramic coatings
                            like TiN, CrN, TiAlN]; (2) BAM – Boron Aluminum Magnesium, mostly in form of
                            (AlMgB14); and (3) DLC (Diamond Like Carbon) will be utilized for the said purpose.
                            After experimentally establishing the viability of each coating for machining CFRC/Ti
                            stacks, the research will then be focussed on determing the ideal tool geometry and
                            relevant cutting parameters for each qualified coating, in order to ensure best workpiece
                            integrity, long tool life, and high productivity. Experimentation will also be performed
                            under dry conditions as well as with MQL for comparative analysis. Selected parameters
                            will be used as basis for innovative modeling. SEM/EDS will be used to establish tool
                            damage modes, holes quality and delamination cracks development etc.
3.   Intelligent Grouping of Machines in a Cellular Manufacturing System (CMS) for
     Minimizing Parts Movement Cost (MSc Thesis Proposal). Most of the discrete part
     manufacturing companies adopt job-shop environment for manufacturing of variety of
     parts. This setup, though, guarantees maximum flexibility, but on the other hand, is prune
     to lots of delays, wastes, and unwanted costs. CMS offers solution to this problem by
     grouping the machines in cells according to similarities of parts to be processed. The
     design of CMS is seldom ideal and needs refinement/improvement for minimization of
     extra costs (most noticeable the parts movement costs between and within the cells). A
     fuzzy ANN model will be used for determining the ideal grouping of the machines for any
     given industrial situation for minimizing the total parts movement cost. The parameters
     considered would be types of parts to be processed; annual demand of these parts; process
     routing (on different machines available in the job shop) and unit movement cost of parts
     within the shop.

4.   Statistical modeling the trade-off between strength and ductility of plain carbon
     steels based on cooling rate and carbon content (MSc Thesis Proposal). Strength
     (yield and ultimate), hardness, and ductility are the most vital and concerning properties of
     engineering materials for mechanical design engineers and manufacturing engineers.
     Hardness and strength are directly related to each other and do not portray a conflicting
     situation. On the other hand, strength and ductility often get into a compromising situation
     for most of the metallic materials. In case of steel, both properties are dependent upon
     cooling rate and carbon content in the composition. The focus of this research work is to
     have DoE based quantification of tensile strength (yield and ultimate) and ductility (%EL
     and %AR) in terms of cooling rate and carbon content for unalloyed plain carbon steels.
     ANOVA will be carried to determine significance of effects of cooling rate and carbon
     content, along with mutual interaction, on the two properties. Regression will lead to
     formulation of these effects and interactions in form of empirical models. Finally, MDM
     technique will be used to work out the trade-off between strength and ductility.

5.   Fuzzy modeling the creep-fatigue behavior of AISI 4340 for high temperature
     applications (MSc Thesis Proposal). In the case of high-temperature, dynamically
     loaded structures (e.g. steam turbine, cutting tools, etc) the effect of fatigue and fatigue-
     creep in determining the service life is very significant. It becomes utmost important to
     predict the crack size, crack growth, and remnant life of the structure, in order to avoid
     catastrophic failure and save cost. Estimating the servicable life in the aforementioned
     case is highly complicated because of simultaneous involvement of several engineering
     domains. In this work, the focus will be laid on a non-analytical approach for predicting
     crack growth and remnant life of the structure. Data will be generated by performing
     series of experiments on quantifying the effects of variation in magnitude and frequency
     of loading, temperature, and surface integrity on crack size/growth and serviceable life.
     The data will be used to develop a fuzzy rule-based system and the predictions will be
     obtained by max-min fuzzy rules aggregation strategy. The prediction results will be
     validated by a new set of experiments.

				
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