How to use this guide A guide to the by rossmanjerry


									                                                                                                                                                               Nationally scarce, species of
 How to use this guide                                                                     A guide to the species accounts                                       conservation concern
 This guide is designed to help identify       shapes are provided to help with                                                                 STATUS
 arable plants in the field, as well as        identification of closely related plants.        The status of the species in Britain indicates whether it is
 provide information which will help           A distribution map indicates where           ‘nationally rare’ (present in 15 or fewer 10 km national grid
 farmers and other landowners manage           the plant has been known to occur in             squares) or ‘nationally scarce’ (present in 100 or fewer
                                               Britain recently whereas the text on          10km national grid squares). Its presence on the UKBAP lists
 for these plants. If you are still unsure
                                               the plant’s distribution outlines the               of ‘Priority Species’ or ‘Species of Conservation
 about a plant’s identification, contact       current state of knowledge. The                                                    Concern’ is also noted.
 someone (see pages 305–308); it is            flowering time is suggested, but this
 against the law to uproot plants unless       will vary and needs interpreting            English name
 on your own land.                             flexibly. A cold spring will delay
                                               flowering, while plants in Cornwall         Scientific name
 Scope of Book                                 tend to flower in the UK earlier than       IDENTIFICATION:
 This book covers the rare plants found        those in eastern England or in the          A brief description of the fully-grown plant,
 on arable land including arable and           north.                                      covering the general form, shape and size of the
 arable-edge species listed in the British                                                 plant, leaf structure and appearance, and the
 Red Data Book (Vascular Plants), Scarce       Other plants on arable land                 salient characteristics of the flower, fruit and seed
 Plants in Britain (see Appendix 1) and        The species accounts include an             important to its identification.
 the UK Biodiversity Action Plan               outline of differences to look for          Similar species: The salient differences between
 (UKBAP). A few additional species are         between the species being described         confusing species. Further details of these species                            DISTRIBUTION MAP
 included which are in serious decline.        and similar looking ones, some of           can be found in the Identification Keys on                                   Map showing the historical
                                               which are not rare. Both the notes          pages 228–243 (plants) and 264–265 (grasses).                       distribution of the species, indicating
 Order                                         under Similar species and the               Associated uncommon species: Other plants that                            where plants were recorded in
 The plants are listed in alphabetical         Identification Keys to flowering            the species regularly occurs with.                                          Britain and Northern Ireland
 order with similar species of e.g.            plants (pages 228–243) and grasses                                                                                          between 1971 and 1987.
 buttercup, cornsalad, fumitory or             (pages 264–265) aim to clarify the          HABITAT:
 poppy grouped together. NB: Family            features to look for.                       A concise description of the species’ preferred habitats.
 order is followed in other                       Some of the other species which          SOIL TYPE:                                                          A description of the current known
 identification guides. The flowering          occur more commonly on arable land          The soil types on which the species is found.                       distribution, and any relevant
 plants are outlined before the grasses        are listed in Appendix 6.                                                                                       historical information.
 and mosses. Names of plants and                  There are also many non-arable           MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS:
 grasses follow Stace’s New Flora of the       plants which occur in arable habitats.      Notes on the management techniques that the species
                                                                                                                                                               LIFE CYCLE:
 British Isles 2nd Edition (1997).             These colonise from hedgerows,              needs in order to prosper where these are specific to the
                                               nearby grassland or woodland                individual species and over and above the general                   Notes on flowering period, seed
 English names may differ between
                                                                                                                                                               biology and germination strategy with
 regions and countries, but the                habitats. Detailed descriptions of both     management principles of arable plants.
                                                                                                                                                               chart indicating flowering (green) and
 scientific name stays the same.               these species groups are beyond the
                                                                                                                                                               germination (brown) periods.
                                               scope of this book and the use of a
 Species accounts: arable plants               field guide to British wild plants is
 Each species is described and                 recommended to help identification of                                                                           J F M A M J         J A S O N D
 illustrated by a photograph taken in          these. See the bibliography on page
                                                                                           PLATES AND ILLUSTRATIONS
 the wild. Line drawings of seeds or leaf      301.                                                                                                            REASONS FOR DECLINE:
                                                                                           Each plate has a photograph of the species and, wherever
     BAP species                                                                           possible, depicts its flower, leaf and seed. In addition, most      A paragraph detailing those factors
     If you find some rare species be sure to let the local BSBI recorder (page 305)       species are accompanied by a detailed illustration, drawn           thought to be responsible for the
     know so they can ensure that the plant is recorded for your county.                   to scale, of any important features that aid identification.        decline of the species.
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