Volume 10, Issue 4           A PUBLICATION OF THE VIRGINIA STATE BEEKEEPERS’ ASSOCIATION            December 2009

View from the President                                         USDA Research Review
From the President’s Desk                                       Varroa resistance in honey bees
Another calendar year is coming to a close but our              Honey bees are now fighting back aggressively
bees are just well into their own bee year. Although            against Varroa mites, thanks to Agricultural
many beekeepers had a poor honey crop because of                Research Service (ARS) efforts to develop bees
the rather prolific and frequent rains we should be             with a genetic trait that allows them to more easily
glad that our honey plants, particularly the trees, can         find the mites and toss them out of the broodnest.
recover from several years of drought. Perhaps this             The parasitic Varroa mite attacks the honey bee,
coming Spring will be one of record honey crops.                Apis mellifera L., by feeding on its hemolymph,
Interest in becoming a beekeeper is still increasing.           which is the combination of blood and fluid inside a
I have had numerous inquiries from across the state             bee. Colonies can be weakened or killed, depending
about local bee courses. I have referred them to the            on the severity of the infestation. Most colonies
local association in their areas. I have a feeling that         eventually die from varroa infestation if left
classes across the state will be full. Encourage your           untreated.
“newbees” to attend meetings, both their local                  Varroa-sensitive hygiene (VSH) is a genetic trait of
association and the state association.                          the honey bee that allows it to remove mite-infested
Quite a few of the inquirers have said they went to             pupae from the capped brood-developing bees that
their local library, found a book or two about                  are sealed inside cells of the comb with a protective
beekeeping, took them home and read them. This is               layer of wax. The mites are sometimes difficult for
both good and bad. Good in the sense that they                  the bees to locate, since they attack the bee brood
found some basic information but bad in the sense               while these developing bees are inside the capped
that the books may be old. Wait—older books                     cells.
aren’t all bad, but many of them recommend                      Mite population growth was significantly lower in
treatments with Terramycin® routinely or perhaps                VSH and hybrid colonies than in bee colonies
Apistan® that no longer works. Just keep in mind                without VSH. Hybrid colonies had half the VSH
when teaching your bee courses that modern                      genes normally found in pure VSH bees, but they
beekeeping minimizes such treatments, particularly              still retained significant varroa resistance. Simpler
for the small-scale beekeeper. With so many                     ways for bee breeders to measure VSH behavior in
scientists working on many aspects of honey bees it             colonies were also developed in this study.
is impossible to keep a book up-to-date. Remember
that the prospective beekeeper does not have the                Honey bees are naturally hygienic, and they often
background that an experienced one does.                        remove diseased brood from their nests. VSH is a
Therefore, it is difficult for them to select what is           specific form of nest cleaning focused on removing
current from that which is out-of-date.                         varroa-infested pupae. A video of bees
                                                                demonstrating this behavior can be found at
A good project for all of us would be to visit your   
local library just to see what books on bees they
have available. Perhaps the librarian would                     This hygiene kills the frail mite offspring, which
appreciate any recommendations you could give                   greatly reduces the lifetime reproductive output of
about appropriate beekeeping books.                             the mother mite. The mother mite may survive the
                                                                ordeal and try to reproduce in brood again, only to
Although Virginia seems a long way from Florida,                undergo similar treatment by the bees.
                                See President, page 2                             Taken from ARS News Service, USDA

December 09                               Virginia State Beekeepers Association                                page 1
                                                             Keith Tignor presented the State Apiarist Report.
Fall VSBA Meeting                                            There has been an increase in bear damage to hives
Annual Meeting of Association                                throughout the state. Apiarists have also seen an
                                                             increase of the small hive beetle in the State.
The meeting was opened by President Ann Harman
at 8:15 A.M.                                                 Mr. Gene Riddle was presented the Langstroth
                                                             Award for 2009.
Bernie Bradley, President of the Mountain Empire
Beekeepers Association, invited everyone to the              Rick Fell gave a presentation with slides from his
Spring VSBA meeting in Wytheville April 16-17,               visit with beekeepers in Belize.
2010.                                                        The meeting closed at 4:40 PM.
Billy Davis invited everyone to the 2010 EAS                                              Submitted by Deb Parker
meeting that will be held in Boone, NC, August 2-6,                                               Secretary, VSBA
Tom Seeley, a professor in the Department of                 President, from page 1
Neurobiology and Behavior at Cornell University
spoke on three topics: Forest Bees and Varroa                the Africanized bee is well established there. I keep
Mites; How Honey Bees Choose a Home; and The                 hearing various reports of behavior uncharacteristic
Beehive as a Honey Factory. All three topics were            of our European honey bee from other states. I have
very interesting and informative.                            given presentations on the Africanized bee to a
                                                             number of our local associations but there are still
Our second speaker was Debbie Delaney from                   quite a few I have not visited. If your members wish
North Carolina State University. Her topic was               such a presentation I am happy to visit your
“The Genetic Heritage and Characterization of U.S.           association and tell you about my life with those
Honey Bee Populations,” Part I: Managed Hives                bees.
and Part II: Non-Managed Hives.
                                                             All sorts of things about bees arrive in my
A Special Meeting was called to order by President           computer. Here is one that some of you may wish to
Ann Harman at 10:20 A.M. A motion was made by                visit via Internet. Billed as “The World’s First Art
Karen Hunt and seconded to present a grant of                Gallery Devoted to Bees” it is an Internet-based
$1,500 to the Sustainable Honey Bee Program, Inc.,           “Bees in Art” Gallery. You are invited to view the
to purchase breeding stock for the program. The              artwork, in all art forms, by visiting
floor was opened to discussion.          During the (based in UK). Open it up and
discussion questions arose that needed answering by          enjoy.
Billy Davis of the Sustainable Honey Bee Program,
Inc. The motion was tabled until further information                                     Submitted by Ann Harman
could be acquired. At 11:00 A.M., a motion was                                                    President, VSBA
made and seconded to continue the discussion for
the grant. Billy Davis and Bill Bundy answered the           Call for Donations
members’ questions. A vote was then taken and the
grant for $1,500 was approved by the membership.             Auction items needed for Spring meeting
A motion was made and seconded to adjourn the                VSBA is planning to have an auction, with a real
Special Meeting at 11:15 A.M.                                auctioneer, at the April meeting. Linda Wyatt (the
Rick Fell and Brenna Traver from the Department              lady with the beautiful t-shirts and bee
of Entomology at Virginia Tech updated the                   memorabilia) is an auctioneer and has offered to
membership on the results thus far on their research         donate her services for our auction. To be a
on Nosema in Virginia. Nosema ceranae was found              successful auction we will need your donations of
in 109 hives out of 305 hives that submitted                 bee-related items, everything from something
samples. More research will be conducted to further          historical, to equipment, to honey pots, and other
understand the differences of the two species of             interesting things. More information will be
Nosema, Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae.                      available in future newsletters.

December 09                            Virginia State Beekeepers Association                                page 2
New-bee Tips                                                   Langstroth Anniversary
Management in the first year                                   Honoring one of the Fathers of Modern Beekeeping
Clustering bees may be confined in the Winter for              Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth's discovery of "bee
weeks inside the hive. The metabolic activity of               space" and his invention of the movable-frame
these tens of thousands of bees will produce a great           revolutionized beekeeping. Two hundred years after
amount of moisture. To alleviate the potential                 his birth in 1810, Rev. Langstroth, known as the
problems associated with high moisture and                     “Father of American Beekeeping," is being
humidity beekeepers should ventilate their hives.              honored. A national network of exhibits, workshops
This may sound counter productive to “winterizing”             and seminars, and perhaps a commemorative U.S.
a hive, but an increased airflow can reduce stress             postage stamp as well, are planned in celebration of
and improve survival over those long cold months.              his achievements.
Small spacers, 1/4 to 3/8 inch, under the back                 Langstroth started with "two stocks of bees in
corners of the inner cover allow hive moisture to              common box hives" while serving as a minister in
dissipate. Sliding the upper brood box or super to             Andover, Mass. in the 1830s. Before long he was
provide the same sized opening along the front edge            studying beekeeping in depth. He observed his bees
of a hive will help. And, no, rain water is not a              and sought to understand their ways in order to
problem if the hives are properly angled forward.              build hive boxes which would allow him to better
Lastly, screen bottom boards should be covered                 combat the destructive wax moths and collect
during winter to reduce wind chill. But, leave a               surplus honey without harming the bees or
small portion open to help improve air circulation.            damaging their wonderful honey comb.
Late season snow or ice on the outside or hive                 Langstroth’s efforts gave us a way to raise large
debris inside may block the lower entrance.                    quantities of bees, keep them healthy and collect
Ventilation efforts can also provide alternative exits         their honey in a truly sustainable way, without
for cleansing flight on milder days.                           destroying their home. We all owe him thanks and,
                               Submitted by VaBeeman           the year 2010, his 200th birthday year is a great
                                                               time for people across the country to celebrate him
      Virginia State Beekeepers' Association                   in ways that benefit us all.
                           Efforts to honor Langstroth include the study and
                                                               appreciation of his efforts and what they have
President                              540-364-4660            yielded. Throughout the year the Science Friday
   Ann Harman                       Initiative will be developing and coordinating a
1st Vice President                       703-790-8044          national network of workshops, exhibits and
    Alan Fiala                gatherings to teach and learn about the considerable
                                                               science connected with the honey bee.
2nd Vice President                     336-635-5821
   Frank Wyatt                  The U.S. Postal Service Citizens' Stamp Advisory
                                                               Committee will be considering a Langstroth stamp
Secretary                              540-854-4883            at their January 2010 meeting. A flood of letters
   Deb Parker                  will help to convince them how important
Treasurer                               540-937-4792           Langstroth is to all of us. Send a letter to:
   Karen Hunt                               Citizen Stamp Advisory Committee
Executive Secretary                      540-231-6341               c/o Stamp Development U.S. Postal Service
   Dr. Rick Fell                              1735 North Lynn Street Suite 5013
                                                                    Arlington, VA 22209-6432
Webmaster                               703-532-6655
  Tom Greiner                    Or send an email to with your
                                                               Zip Code to be included in a petition in support.
Newsletter Editor                        804-786-3515
                                                                          Taken from Down to Earth,
  Keith Tignor 
December 09                              Virginia State Beekeepers Association                                  page 3
Telling the Bees                                                Upcoming Classes & Events
Kerry Bass
                                                                American Honey Producers             Jan. 5-9, 2010
Kerry James Bass, 67, passed away on Friday,                     Assoc.
November 20, 2009 in his Chesapeake residence                    Hilton Sacramento Arden West
surrounded by his loving family. He was born on                 Sacramento, CA
November 5, 1942 in Elizabeth, Louisiana. Kerry
                                                                North American Beekeeping          Jan. 12-16, 2010
was a founding member of the Beekeepers Guild of
Southeast Virginia and a former leader of the Boy
                                                                Wyndham Orlando Resort
Scouts of America in Baton Rouge, LA.
                                                                Orlando, FL
He is survived by his wife of 46 years, Carolyn, his            VSBA Spring Meeting                    April 16-17,
two daughters, his son and his nine grandchildren.               Wytheville Comm. College                     2010
                                                                 Wytheville, VA
Kerry took great pleasure in working with his bees.
He had kept bees in his youth in Louisiana and the              Eastern Apiculture Society          Aug. 2-6, 2010
fond memories inspired him to resume beekeeping                  Boone, NC
upon retirement. He enjoyed sharing his skills with           Numerous Beekeeping Classes will be offered in the
anyone who needed his assistance but he especially              coming months. A list of these classes is on the
enjoyed passing his knowledge on to his                         VSBA website at
grandchildren and other youngsters.
Kerry had spoken to most Chesapeake school                       Disaster Relief Funds
children, from Kindergarten to 3rd grade, about                USDA announces disaster assistance for beekeepers
bees, gladly taking his observation hive into their
classrooms. He was developing a beekeeping class               Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack recently
for children for the spring of 2010 as well as                 announced that producers may apply for benefits
working on establishing a 4H beekeeping club in his            under the provisions of the Emergency Assistance
city in the hopes of inspiring a new generation of             for Livestock, Honeybees, and Farm-Raised Fish
beekeepers.                                                    Program (ELAP). Several disaster programs
                                                               authorized in the 2008 Farm Bill replace other ad-
Kerry’s enthusiasm was motivational, encouraging               hoc disaster assistance programs and are funded
others to join his beekeeping guild where he                   through the Agricultural Disaster Relief Trust Fund.
coordinated the matching of new beekeepers to                  ELAP provides emergency assistance to eligible
experienced mentors. His good cheer and lively                 producers of livestock, honeybees and farm-raised
presentations made Kerry a requested speaker at                fish that have losses due to disease, adverse weather
local civic organizations where he enjoyed sharing             or other conditions, including losses due to
his wonder of bees, their society and their                    blizzards and wildfires. ELAP is being implemented
contribution to man and the natural world. Kerry               to fill in the gap and provide assistance not covered
felt strongly that the key to preserving honey bees            under other programs.
was public outreach and he was a vital participant in
his guild’s beekeeping exhibits to educate the public          Producers must have suffered losses that occurred
about bees and bee-friendly practices.                         on or after Jan. 1, 2008, and before Oct. 1, 2011.
                                                               There is a total $100,000 limitation per crop year
Guild members are grateful for the time they had               and nonfarm income limitation of $500,000 for the
with Kerry; he will be sorely missed. A Guild                  preceding three taxable years.
memorial scholarship in Early Childhood Education
is being established in his name.                               For more information or to apply for ELAP and
                                                               other USDA Farm Service Agency disaster
                          Submitted by Pamela Fisher           assistance programs, go to or
                Beekeepers Guild of Southeast Virginia         contact a local FSA county office.
                                                                           Taken from USDA News Release No. 0436.09

December 09                              Virginia State Beekeepers Association                                page 4
Treasurer’s Report                                                State Fair Honey Booth
Notes from the Treasurer’s desk                                   New location in Doswell is well received
Thanks to all those who continue to support VSBA                  2009 was the Fair’s first year in its new location at
through their membership, and a big “thank you” to                Meadow Event Park. This 350 acre complex in
all the local treasurers, who help coordinate this                Caroline County is next to Kings Dominion north of
effort. If you’re email has changed, please                       Ashland, Va. The Honey booth is located in a
remember to send me an update so you do not miss                  permanent building, well lit with an outdoor feeling.
any newsletters or state bee news. If you have                    The Booth has lighted risers to display competition
changed your email address, or you wish to                        entries and several tables used to sell honey and
receive your newsletter by email, you can email                   other bee related products.
me at with your correct email                      The Honey competition is divided into 13 classes: 4
address. If you have any questions, you can reach
                                                                  liquid honey classes, 2 chunk, 2 cut comb, 3
me at the address or email above, or by phone at
                                                                  beeswax, observation hive and gadget. Keith Tignor
                                                                  is the judge. We had 38 entries in 2009. Winners in
                                 Submitted by Karen Hunt          each category received ribbons and monetary
                                         Treasurer, VSBA          awards for 1st through 6th place.
                                                                  Selling honey and bee related items are also a part
      TREASURER'S FINANCIAL REPORT                                of the booth. Beekeepers get an outlet for selling
        Virginia State Beekeepers’ Association                    their honey and the local associations share in the
                  November 30, 2009                               profits based on the number of shifts worked. We
                                                                  sell many varieties and sizes of items (liquid, chuck,
  Balance as of May 31, 2009 Report:           $17,473.26         comb, beeswax) in glass or plastic. We sold honey
                                                                  in small 4 oz jars all the way up to a 5 gallon
  Income: Dues (as of 11-30-09)                 $4,666.00         bucket. If you have a unique item we can work out a
          Less: Refunded dues                     ($40.00)        price and give it a try. Over the years I have been
  TOTAL INCOME:                                 $4,626.00         amazed at what sells. Put a fair price on it and it
                                                                  will sell.
  Expenses: Sustainable HB Program (11/09) $1,500.00
            Langstroth Award - plaque (04/09) $31.50              The 2009 booth had gross sales of $12,921
            Attendance Award - plaque (04/09) $31.50              including sales tax. The overall profits were $1,392
            Website - Domain renewal (2 yrs)       $45.00         split between 4 local associations. In 2009 the 1 lb
            Newsletters                           $364.66         liquid honey retailed for $6.00 paying the beekeeper
            Postage                              $162.18          $4.68 per jar.
            Stationery, office supplies, copies    $53.98
  TOTAL EXPENSES:                               $2,188.82         We also spend a lot of time educating the public
                                                                  about beekeeping. Many fairgoers want to know
  NOV. 2009 MEETING:                                              how to get started, where to get information,
                                                                  equipment and bees. We have some hand outs and
  Income: Registration                          $2,835.00         other information about state and local associations.
                                                                  We also promote different equipment suppliers and
  Expenses: Speakers                            $1,607.16         how to get catalogs. Sometimes we have catalogs to
            Meeting Facilities                  $1,026.00         give away but we usually run out.
            Meeting Food                         $199.94
            Program printing                       $40.96         Make plans to enter next year’s competition.
                                                                  Information is on the State Fair web site. Entries for
  TOTAL EXPENSES:                               $2,874.06         the competition will be due September 3, 2010, with
                                                                  deliver on September 22nd. If you want more
  NOV. 2009 MEETING TOTAL:                         ($39.06)       information contact me at

  Balance, November 30, 2009                   $19,871.38                                      Submitted by Robert Gibson
                                                                                    Honey Booth Coordinator, VA State Fair
December 09                                 Virginia State Beekeepers Association                                   page 5
                                                              Unfortunately, there were a number of concerns
State Apiarist Report                                         raised in reviewing the survey results. First, despite
Beekeeping can be a money making proposition                  the rosy prospects for marketing queens and bees,
A number of Virginia’s beekeeper, about 320, took             $2 out of every $3 is going out of state. Speaking
part in a recent survey to determine their queen and          selfishly as one whose job relies on the continued
bee buying habits. The survey was part of the                 balancing of the state budget, I would like to see
Cooperative Extension apiculture projects funded              those numbers reversed.
through appropriations from the General Assembly.             Of more concern, regarding potential new pests and
A lot of productive activities and beneficial                 future problems, is the source of the queens and
programs originated from the projects that resulted           bees. 87% of queens and 97% of bees are imported
from the Department of Agriculture and Consumer               from states to the South. Worse 61% and 79%,
Services’ “Study of the Plight of Virginia                    respectively, come from a single state. Speakers at
Beekeepers” in 2006. The queen and bee survey                 the November VSBA meeting expressed concerns
was undertaken to assess the needs of the                     of declining genetic diversity in the honey bee
Commonwealth’s beekeepers and financial risks to              populations. One reason for this development is
those producing queens and bees for sale.                     reliance on fewer producers for more queens and
Not surprising the majority of hives are reportedly           bees. Developing and supporting local queen
located in areas described as rural. 79% of hives are         production will provide reliable products that are
in rural areas, another 12% in suburban locations.            selected and raised for greater production and vigor
An equal number were started from packages,                   under local environmental conditions.
splits, or swarms. The majority, 67%, is for personal         A third concern is in regard to the location of hives.
use rather than commercial pollination or honey               Nearly 80% of hives are located in remote sites far
production. A similar percentage of hives, 69%,               from potential harm from vandals and homeowner
contained queens typically introduced in the Spring           associations. But, over 20% are in cities and towns
or Fall. Preferred queens provided resistance to pest         where interaction with adults, as well as children
and diseases, greater survivability, high honey               and pets, is common. This could result in conflicts
production, and gentle worker bees, in that order.            between neighbors. VDACS developed a program
Trends in beekeeper purchasing habits were also               for addressing stinging insect incidents, a
investigated. Beekeepers reported buying nearly 4             euphemism for AHB, to assist emergency
queens at $19.50 each, and raising another 4 from             responders, beekeepers, and private citizen in
their own hives. Nearly 3 packages of bees were               avoiding or minimizing such events. Contact me
purchased at a cost to beekeepers of $64 each.                ( if you would like
Another 1/2 nuc per beekeeper was acquired at $80             this program for beekeepers and EMS in your area.
per colony. Remember these are average values.                Another concern is the perceived lack of resources
By making a few assumptions the potential market              in Virginia for obtaining queens and bees. Over
for beekeepers raising queens and bees can be                 54% of beekeepers reported not knowing of a local
approximated. A Virginia beekeeper spends an                  source of queens and nucs. Yes, Virginia, there is a
average of $74 for queens. Another $180 is spent on           Santa Claus and queen producers. And, they live
buying packages, and $40 for nucs, to replace or              near each of us, producing queens and nucs that
increase their hives. Currently there is an estimated         successfully compete with, and often out compete,
2,500 beekeepers in the Commonwealth of Virginia.             queens and packages from out of state. The problem
Using this figure means our beekeepers are                    is our producers do not advertise their products very
spending $185,000 on queens and $550,000 on                   well, or at all. Word of mouth is the preferred
packages and nucs. If the queens raised by                    method of advertising for most producers in the
beekeepers are included, the potential sales rise to          State. This is unfortunate as most beekeepers are
$936,000. As interest in beekeeping continues and             not members of the best information source - local
numbers grow to 3,000 beekeepers the gross sales              beekeeping groups.
in queens and bees will exceed $1.1 million. Not a                                        Submitted by Keith Tignor,
shabby amount for any ambitious entrepreneurs.                                                         State Apiarist

December 09                             Virginia State Beekeepers Association                                 page 6
Spray Drift Labeling                                           Disappointing Honey Crop
EPA proposes new pesticide labeling                            2009 was the worst honey crop on record
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has                   Each October BeeCulture magazine surveys honey
rolled out proposed guidance for new pesticide                 producer and reporters from all parts of the United
labeling to reduce off-target spray and dust drift.            States. These reporters rank their crop with values
The new instructions, when implemented, will                   ranging from 1 - very good to 5 - very bad. They
improve the clarity and consistency of pesticide               report on how good their spring, summer, and fall
labels and help prevent harm from spray drift. The             crops were. They also give the average production
agency is also requesting comment on a petition to             of each colony over the whole season.
evaluate children’s exposure to pesticide drift.
                                                               The key player in 2009 ... the weather! No surprise
The new instructions will prohibit drift that could            there if you ventured outside more than once this
cause adverse health or environmental effects. Also,           summer, no matter where you live ... it was one
on a pesticide-by-pesticide basis, EPA will evaluate           weird weather event. Most of the east and mid-west
scientific information on risk and exposure based on           was cool and wet, the south was hot and dry or way
individual product use patterns. These assessments             too wet and much of the northwest and west was
will help the agency determine whether no-spray                dry and hot, too. Florida and the gulf states,
buffer zones or other measures – such as restrictions          particularly Texas and Louisiana did fairly well this
on droplet or particle size, nozzle height, or weather         summer, as did the mountain states and California.
conditions – are needed to protect people, wildlife,           Twenty four years ago, before Varroa mites came to
water resources, schools and other sensitive sites             live here and before honey production was a major
from potential harm.                                           industry in several countries as an export market,
EPA is also seeking comment on a draft pesticide               the U.S. was producing something like 220 million
drift labeling interpretation document that provides           pounds of honey a year, with hardly any honey
guidance to state and tribal enforcement officials. A          imports at all.
second document provides background information                Last year the U.S. produced, by BeeCulture
on pesticide drift, a description of current and               estimate, about 61 pounds of honey for each of the
planned EPA actions, a reader’s guide explaining               2.564 million colonies for a total of 156.4 million
key terms and concepts, and specific questions on              pounds of honey. USDA measured 161.1 million
which EPA is seeking input. Further information is             pounds.
available in docket EPA–HQ–OPP–2009–0628 at .                                   This year predictions are that 2.223 million colonies
                                                               will produce 53.7 pounds of honey each, for a total
In a second Federal Register notice, EPA is also
                                                               of 119.37 million pounds of U.S. produced honey,
requesting comment on a petition filed recently by
                                                               the worst honey crop EVER!
environmental and farm worker organizations. The
petitioners ask EPA to evaluate children’s exposure                                       Taken from TheDailyGreen
to pesticide drift and to adopt, on an interim basis,
requirements for “no-spray” buffer zones near
                                                                             YOUTH BEE SUITS
homes, schools, day-care centers, and parks. EPA
will evaluate this new petition and take whatever             Wanted: The Southside Beekeepers and the
action may be appropriate after the evaluation is             Greensville/Emporia Extension Office will be
complete. For further information and to submit               hosting a 4-H Entomology/Beekeeping Club
comments, please see docket EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-                  beginning in the Spring of 2010. If anyone has
0825 at .                          youth-sized beekeeping apparel that is outgrown or
                                                              no longer in use, and would like to donate to this
More information visit the EPA website at
                                                              group it would be greatly appreciated.
htm.                                                          Please contact Cyndi Estienne, ANR Extension
                                                              Agent, 434-637-3627 or
                     Taken from US EPA News Release

December 09                              Virginia State Beekeepers Association                                page 7
                        VSBA Spring Meeting

                           April 16-17, 2010

                       Wytheville Community College
                             Wytheville, VA

Karen Hunt
P.O. Box 213
Amissville, VA 20106


To top