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USA GRAPES 1. Phytosanitary Inspections for Grapes _a_ Started 9

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									USA GRAPES

1.   Phytosanitary Inspections for Grapes

     (a)    Started 9 December 2002 Northern Cape untill middle January 2003.
     (b)    Small consignments presented - high rejection rate.
     (c)    Shut down of programme - running average.
     (d)    Agreement - divide areas between Northern Cape - Western Cape.
     (e)    Pre-inspection - before phytosanitary inspection.
     (f)    Ended running average - 19%.
     (g)    Calculation - pre-inspected and phytosanitary inspections - shut down.

2.   Fruit presented for Phytosanitary Inspections

Presented            Passed                 Rejected             Reasons


3.   Reasons for rejections

     1.     Helicoverpa arm. - American bollworm
     2.     Spilostathus pandurus - Lygacidae
     3.     False Stinkbug
     4.     Phlyctinus callosus - Banded Weevil
     5.     Ceratitis spp.
     6.     Tortrix capensana - Pear leafroller

4.   Conclusion

     (a)    Cultural practices - freedom from pests - instruction put in the Plantex
            application criteria.

5.   Phytosanitary Certificates

     1.     One phytosanitary certificate per container.
     2.     In bulk.
USA APPLES


1.    Phytosanitary Inspections for apples.

2.    Fruit presented for Phytosanitary Inspections.

Presented              Passed                     Rejected   Reasons


(a)   All fruit pre-cleared - no interceptions.
(b)   Running average for 21 days = 0%.
USA PEARS


1.    Phytosanitary Inspections for pears.


Presented              Passed                     Rejected   Reasons



(a)   All fruit pre-cleared - no interceptions.
(b)   Running average for 21 days = 0%.
ISRAEL

1.   Phytosanitary Inspection Procedures for grapes.

     (a)    Production Site Requirements

            (i)     The grapes must originate from vineyards approved for export to
                    Israel by PPIS and NDA according to the instruction set in the
                    Plantex applications criteria.

                    (a)    Cultural practices and chemical controls.

            (ii)    Vineyard identification

                    (a)    Signs bearing PUC number
                    (b)    Block number
                    (c)    Each block

            (iii)   Vineyards should be homogenous in character.

                    (a)    Other crops e.g. citrus - 500 meters between edge in the
                           vineyard and the citrus grooves.

            (iv)    Implementation of Plantex Requirements

                    (a)    Width of strip
                    (b)    Loose bark
                    (c)    Long shoots that touch the soil
                    (d)    Weeds
                    (e)    Barriers between blocks
                    (f)    Irrigation systems wet the Plantex - not sticky

2.   Sampling of samples

     (i)    Lot size

            (a)     1 - 160 cartons - 25 samples
                    161 - 800 cartons - 50 samples
                    801 cartons - 100 samples

     (ii)   Definition of a lot

            (a)     per grower
            (b)     vineyard block
            (c)     grape variety

3.   Inspection Depot

     (a)    F.P.T.
     (b)    Israel inspector for Hex; certain period.
4.   Regions

     (a)     Northern Cape
     (b)     Hexvalley

5.   Quarantine organisms

     (a)     Ceratitis rosa - Natal Fruit Fly
     (b)     Ceratitits capitata - Fruit Fly
     (c)     Cryptophlebia leucotreta - False codling moth
     (d)     Phlyctinus callosus - Banded Weevil
     (d)     Tortrix capensana - Pear leafroller

6.   Fruit presented for Phytosanitary Inspections.

     (i)     Northern Cape

Presented            Passed                 Rejected            Reasons


     (ii)    Hexvalley

Presented            Passed                 Rejected            Reasons


7.   The success of the Plantex technique will make it possible to export grapes from
     areas where Banded Weavil is present, without need of Methyl Bromide.

8.   Phytosanitary Certificate

     (i)     Seal numbers of containers
     (ii)    The grapes in this consignment have been produced in the Northern Cape
             or Hexvalley
     (iii)   One phytosanitary certificate per container
MEXICO

1.   Phytosanitary Inspection Procedures for apples

     (i)     Orchards been monitored during season.
     (ii)    Needs records of pesticides in programmes used.
     (iii)   Closing of registered CA Rooms for 40 - 45 days per PUC by NDA and
             PPECB
     (iv)    PUC's packed by bin of CA Room after mitigation
     (v)     Mexico inspector exam or verify mitigation records and release
             consignments
     (vi)    Line inspection in the packhouse of CA - fruit:

             (a)   Checking fruit been packed in boxes
             (b)   Checking Fruit in bins for quarantine pests

2.   Phytosanitary Fruit Inspections

     (i)     Need 1 box per pallet
     (ii)    Packed fruit be inspected before cold treatment or pre-cooling

3.   Label designation of cartons

     (a)     PUC
     (b)     Cultivar
     (c)     Packhouse name TF
     (d)     Number of CA - Room
     (e)     Exporter name

4.   Fruit presented for Phytosanitary Inspections

Presented             Passed                Rejected               Reasons


5.   Comments

     One live codling with larvae - Live.

6.   Inspection Depots

     (i)     At registered depots

7.   Phytosanitary Certificate

     (a)     Distinguishing marks: Capespan - T F No. 1 CA 19
     (b)     Port of Entry - Mexico
     (c)     1 Phytosanitary certificate per container
     (d)     In bulk
TAIWAN R. O. C.

1.    Phytosanitary Inspection Procedures for apples

      (i)     Registration of packhouses and orchards
      (ii)    Orchard Inspections

              (a)    During active growth of trees in order to maintain low pest
                     infestation levels
              (b)    Codling moth sex pheromone must be installed
              (c)    Pheromone caps renewed timely
              (d)    Complete records must be kept for check
              (e)    List of each orchard code, PUC code and location must be certified
                     by MOEA-BC10

      (iii)   Cold storage warehouses

              (a)    Must be registered - codes to MOER-BC10

2.    Inspection Requirements

      (a)     2% of the packed cartons in a lot
      (b)     0% tolerance for codling moth
      (c)     Live codling moth be found - packing house and orchards be suspended

3.    Label designation of cartons

      (a)     Bound for Taiwan R.O.C.
      (b)     Official identification of orchard code
      (c)     Packing house code
      (d)     Inspection data (Phyto)
      (e)     On each Carton

4.    Inspection depots

      (i)     Kromco
      (ii)    Two-a-Day
      (iii)   Molteno
      (iv)    Cold Harvest

5.    Regions

      (a)     All

6.    Fruit presented for Phyto Inspection

Presented              Passed                   Rejected           Reasons




(a)   Presented fruit - good quality (Fuji's)
(b)   Labelling of cartons correct
7.   Constraints

     (i)     ±15 containers - No phytosanitary certificates
     (ii)    One interception of codling moth

8.   Phytosanitary Certificate

     (i)     Wrong A.D.
     (ii)    Container number seals and weight
     (iii)   One phytosanitary certificate per container
                         CERTIFICATION OF CONSIGNMENTS



1.    Registration of PUC's.

2.    Orchard Inspections.

3.    Packhouse Inspections.

4.    Ware House Inspections.

5.    PPECB Inspections Quality Aspects.

6.    NDA Phytosanitary and NPPI Inspections.

7.    Passed Fruit Stowed.
                                                         Apples, Pears -
8.    Passed Fruit Pre-Cooled for 72 Hours.
                                                         Citrus -0,6°C pulp
                                                         20 days
9.    Passed Fruit Loaded in Bulk or Containers.

10    Application for Certification.

11.   Ships.

      (a)      Phytosanitary certificates on ship.

12.   Containers

      (a)      Verifying before ship leaves.
6.7/2003   11:01AM



Eduardo.Diaz@aphis.usda.gov                       To: Cheryl.m.French@usda.gov

03:42 AM AST Today                                                     Subject:         Hex
Inspection Site




In August 04, 2003 I went to the Hex River Valley to visit the facility that is available for
the USDA/NDA inspectors. I spoke to Mr S. Antonowitz Operations Manager about
your concerns stated in your letter to Mr Holtzhausen (January 9, 2003). The concerns
are: having appropriate lighting and safe, comfortable standing surfaces are crucial for
effective inspections.

Mr S. Antonowitz is willing to comply with your requests and to move the lighting a few
inches to the centre of the inspection table, but in the same time he claims that some
inspectors like to move to the other side of the table for the inspections, also, he
mentioned that in the last seven years he has never heard from ay of the inspectors
comments or complains about the lights.

I spoke to Mr Tom Sutton, he worked in that facility during the last season and he tells
me that the lighting was sufficient for the inspections.

I am asking you if you could waive your request (the lighting) for the next season and to
have a survey done at the end of each TDY inspector and to consider their concerns
also.




Sincerely
Eduardo Diaz
Preclearance Coordinator

								
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