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English Version - Birth Control Pill

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					                              ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES
                             (Birth Control Pill)
                            English translation of Mandarin
                                  Booklet Information


28 DAY PILLS

INTRODUCTION TO THE PILL
* very effective birth control method
* easy to use
* few serious or unpleasant side effects
* prescribed by a doctor

WHAT ARE ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES AND HOW DO THEY WORK?

* pills that contain estrogen and progesterone
* hormone balance in your body changes

WOMEN DECIDE TO USE ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES FOR THE FOLLOWING REASONS:

*   nearly 97% effective
*   minor side effects are uncommon
*   serious side effects are extremely rare
*   offer health benefits
*   easy to use

HEALTH BENEFITS

*   used to treat acne
*   less likely to develop pelvic inflammatory disease
*   protect against cancer of the ovaries and endometrium
*   lessen menstrual cramps
*   decreases menstrual flow
*   shorter periods
*   decreases painful ovulation
*   decreases the incidence of cysts on the ovaries
*   iron deficiency anemia may be decreased
*   may lessen pre-menstrual tension, anxiety, or depression


MINOR SIDE EFFECTS OF ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES

*   Spotting, or "breakthrough" bleeding when you take the pill
*   tenderness of your breasts
*   slight weight gain or loss
*   mild nausea

These side effects are temporary and usually go away. Keep taking the pill. If the side effects
still happen after three packages, call your doctor.

SERIOUS SIDE EFFECTS AND EARLY SYMPTOMS

*   unusual calf pain
*   severe abdominal pain
*   severe chest pain
*   severe/sudden headache
*   weakness or numbness
*   sudden decrease of visual sight
If any of these symptoms occur, contact your doctor or emergency room right
away. Women who smoke while taking oral contraceptives increase the
possibility of serious side effects. Women who smoke and are over age 35
cannot take the pill because cardiovascular risks increase.

HOW TO TAKE THE PILL
(28 DAY PACK)

* take each tablet at the same time each day
* take a pill every day for 28 days
* last 7 pills, which are a different color, do not contain hormones.
* you should have vaginal bleeding when you take the last 7 pills.
* when finished one package of pills, immediately start a new package the
 next day.
* when the woman starts a new package of birth control pills, she can
change the time of the day she wants to take the pill (for instance, if she
took the last pack at 8:00 am each day, she can take the new pack at 4:00pm or other time
each day at her convenience).

METHOD OF TAKING ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE PILL

SUNDAY START METHOD
Take your first pill the first Sunday after your period begins, even if you
are still bleeding.

IF YOUR MENSTRUAL                                                         YOU TAKE YOUR
PERIOD BEGINS ON:                                                       FIRST TABLET ON:

Monday ( such as Jan. 1)-------------------------------------Sunday( Jan.7)
Tuesday ( such as Jan.2)-------------------------------------Sunday( Jan.7)
Wednesday (such as Jan.3)------------------------------------Sunday (Jan.7)
Thursday (such as Jan.4)-------------------------------------Sunday (Jan.7)
Friday (such as Jan.5)---------------------------------------Sunday (Jan.7)
Saturday (such as Jan.6) ------------------------------------Sunday (Jan.7)
Sunday (such as Jan.7)---------------------------------------Sunday (Jan.7)

FOUR WAYS THE BIRTH CONTROL CAN FAIL

* first month you take the pill
* more than 12 hours late taking the pill
* vomiting or diarrhea.
* some medications may reduce the effectiveness of the pill, so always
check with the pharmacy before taking other medicine. Even over-the-counter
medicine or herb products can decrease the effectiveness of the birth
control pill.

When any condition above occurs, use condom and vaginal spermicide when having
sexual intercourse.

Remember: take each tablet at the same time each day; check your pack each day to make
         sure you took your tablet.
WHAT TO DO WHEN YOU MAY MISS PILLS

If you miss one pill:

*take it as soon as you remember.   Do not wait until the next pill is due.
*take next pill as usual. This means you might take 2 pills in one day if
you remember it on the next day.



If you miss two pills in a row during the first two weeks of a package:
       Take two pills the day you remember and two pills the next day and then continue
         as usual


If you miss two pills during the third week of a package:
       Take one pill each day until Sunday, then discard the rest of that package and start
          a new package that same day (on the Sunday)


If you miss three pills:
       If you started your pack on Sunday, keep taking one pill a day
          until Sunday, then discard the rest of the pack and start a new
          pack that day.

Miss 4 pills or more at any time:
         call your health care provider.


Remember that whenever you miss a pill you can get pregnant. So make sure
that you use another back-up method of birth control like a condom and
vaginal spermicide for seven days after you missed a pill to ensure you're
protected.


OTHER IMPORTANT POINTS:

* you should have an annual physical exam, including a PAP test
* check with your doctor if you are taking any other medication
* some medications may reduce the effectiveness of the pill
* the pill does not protect against STI (sexually transmitted infections)
* you are at risk for sexually transmitted diseases if your sexual partner
  has other sexual contacts
* if you are not in a steady committed relationship, it is critical to
  consider using condom to protect you from STI.
* if you miss two periods in a row, call your health care provider.
* condom and birth control pills can protect you from STI and pregnancy.

This pamphlet was produced by the Health Education Office, Medical & Health Services,
University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada, (519) 253-3000.

The Mandarin translation is available online at: www.uwindsor.ca/health.

				
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