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                                 Chapter 1



                 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND



Introduction

      Now a day, computer is one of the technologies that most people use

in their everyday lives. The use of computer is one of the fastest growing and

most important developments in our time. People used computers to give

easiest and fastest method of finding information. Most students used

computers to their research work, assignments, projects, thesis and it is most

effective technology because it gives us more knowledge and we can learn

something from it.

      Computers are just known as a piece of equipment where awesome

package of glass, plastic, metal and wires- use to make our work easier. It is

one way to achieve changes, which we can create different things through

using its features. Computers have actually transformed our lives- how we

communicate, how we could work and learn things and even how we play.

Computers are efficient tools in processing data into useful information. They

are essential tools in almost every field of research and applied technologies

because of their capabilities. And because of the widespread use and

availability of computers, it is essential that everyone acquires an

understanding to be ignorant of the important role of computers in any career
                                                                              2




or business of choice. Being computer literate it can give anyone great

competitive advantages.

      One example of technology is internet, widely used for everyone and

popular. Everything can be known in the internet. It is an international network

access which serves people by giving information through web access.

Example of internet is website which is a collection of web pages, images,

information and other digital asset that is hosted one or more web serves

usually accessible via internet. With this, the proponents developed a website

for the products of Kalayaan and to promote and advertise the products.



Background of the Study



      The town Kalayaan on its 100 years (March 23, 1908- March 23, 2008)

on this site grew a coconut tree, three branches interpreted by our forebears

as the future site of our municipal building; three branches being San Juan,

Longos and San Antonio.

      Today, the belief had been realized. But digging through historical

records, it seems that the place is still made up of the three original visitas

Babaye (now Longos) Abacao (now San Juan), and San Pablo (now San

Antonio).

      Babaye got its name when the Spaniards came and found women

washing clothes in the brook. When the Spaniards continued their aim to
                                                                             3




conquer the land and a little north of Babaye they saw a place where people

dried abaca and named the place Abacao. The Spaniards claimed the

mountains east of Babaye and named the village found there in honor of San

Pablo

        In 1577, Franciscan priest arrive. Some settled in Laguna. The two

priests assigned in Laguna were Fr. P. San Juan de Placencia and Fr. Diego

Oropesa. They started their mission to Christianized the Filipinos in this part

of country-the three visitas were initially ruled by the Spaniards from Lumban

under the leadership of Don Pable Caodpod who hailed Babaye, then in

1600, by the order of Rev. Fr. Juan de Cliver, the three visitas were

incorporated in Paete. They become a good Balangay Paete. The three

visitas were ruled by native leaders. Don Augustin Gatan as President and

Don Antonio Hubid as the vice president. In 1669 after the long ardous work

of Don Pedro Banay-banay with the help of Fr. Juan Bautista, the town of

longos composed of Babaye, Abacao, and half of San Pablo was established-

the other half of San Pablo remained under the political jurisdiction of Paete.

The first parish was Rev. Lucas Sarro.

        Came 1735, the residents of San Pablo presented a resolution to the

Governor general advocating its separation from Paete and Longos and the

establishment of their town which was renamed San Antonio. After 3 long

years of negotiation, San Antonio became a town separate from Longos and

paete on September 9, 1737. Peace there in was.
                                                                         4




      When the Americans came, Don Epifanio Montes was installed as

Military President of longos while Faustino Lafrades was given the same

position for San Antonio. Under the administration, Public Law No. 959 was

enforced to economic reasons. The 30 town of Laguna were narrowed down

to 19 on October 12, 1903. Longos, San Antonio and Pakil again became part

of the municipality of Paete, however on March 23,1908 Don Pedro Sabio,

then President of Paete , successfully worked for the separation of longos

from Paete.

      On March 30, 1946 Executive Order No. 127 which ordered the

transfer of the seat of government from Longos to San Juan was signed by

President Manuel Roxas. From then on, a part of San Juan Became the

Poblacion, while Longos, San Antonio and the rest of San Juan became its

barangays.

      The name of the municipality was changed to “Kalayaan” on May 17,

1956 by virtue of house bill No. 5498RA No. 1477 authored by Congressman

Wenceslao Rancap Lagumbay.

      As of now, the mayor of Kalayaan in the name of Mayor Teodoro A.

Adao III has many programs for the improvement of the town.
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Theoretical Framework



        The study is anchor on the learning theory by Bruner called

constructivist theory. It is a theory base upon the study of cognition and its

major theme is that “leaving is an active process in which learners construct

new ideas or concepts base upon their current/past knowledge.” Cognitive

structures are used to provide meaning and organization to experience and

allow the individual to go beyond the information given.

        The programmers and web developers’ task is to “translate information

to be viewed into a format appropriate to the users current state of

understanding and organize it in a spiral manner so that users continually

build upon what they have already learned”. It further states that the theory

should address the aspects the most effective sequence in which to present

material and the ways in which a body of knowledge can be structured so that

it can be most readily grasped by the users.



Independent Variables                                  Dependent Variables

 Programming tools:
                                                           Performance of the
 PHP
                                                           Website of Kalayaan
 Macromedia
                                                           in terms of
 Dreamweaver
 My SQL
                                                           -Usability
 Adobe Photoshop
                                                           -Design
                                                           -User Friendliness
 History
                                                           -Error handling
 Establishment
 Maps
 Municipal official
 Home
 News
 Gallery
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Figure1. Paradigm of the Study

      Fig.1. Illustrate the paradigm of the study. The dependent variable is

the performance of the created Kalayaan website and the independent

variables include history, establishments, maps, education, governments and

events.



Statement of the Problem

      The thesis entitled Kalayaan website was created and sought answer

to the following questions?

      1. What is the status of the programming language used in developing

          the website?

      2. What is the perception of the users of the Kalayaan website in

          terms of

             a. usability?

             b. design?

             c. user friendliness?

             d. error handling?



      3. What is the over all performance level of the system as perceived

          by the respondents?
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Hypothesis

      The website of Kalayaan, Laguna is highly acceptable to the municipal

office of Kalayaan and its citizen in terms of system usability, error-handling,

system design and user friendliness.



Significance of the Study

      The Kalayaan website will help the residence to popularize the town

through publishing their place not only to their home town but world wide. It

can help tourists to extend the knowledge of studies of the town through

internet surfing. It intends the tourists and other people to discover what the

place has. The website of Kalayaan can also help the community to know

how to use the World Wide Web to earn money with their products and to

endorse their products world wide. It will assist some tourists for findings a

place to go out for vacation and will help to promote the tourism and economy

of the town.



Scope and Limitation

        The study is about the website of Kalayaan that will help to improve

the information about Kalayaan. The system includes the history of the town,

size and location, population, governments, barangays, church. Similarly it

will help the town of Kalayaan to promote tourists spots, but also the
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products. Users can easily access the website through understanding the

content.



Definition of Terms

      The   following   terms   were   operationally   defined   for   a   better

understanding of the study.



      Performance- is the capability or ability of a system to work along the

      developments.

      Usability- This refers to one of the indicators of software performance

      which focuses on the functionality of the system.

      Design- This refers to one of the indicators of software performance

      which focuses on the functionality of the system. It is measure use to

      know the process of problem-solving planning for a software solution.

      Error-handling- This refers to one of the indicators of software which

      focuses on the functionality of the system. It refers to the anticipation,

      detection   and    resolution    of   programming,     application     and

      communication error.

      User friendliness- This refers to one of the indicators of software

      performance which focuses on the functionality of the system. It is a

      measure use to know if the software will be easy to use.

      Home page- This page consist of menu to choose from.
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History- This page shows the origin of Kalayaan, Laguna

Government- It displays the municipal officials of Kalayaan, Laguna.

Products- This page shows different products of Kalayaan, Laguna.

Events- It shows some events on activities happened in Kalayaan,

Laguna.

Map- It shows the map of Kalayaan, Laguna.

About Us- This page shows the description of Kalayaan, Laguna.

Adobe Photoshop- It is the software used by the researchers in

enhancing images.

Macromedia Dreamweaver- It is the programming tool used to design

the website.

Apache- Is a web server notable for playing a key role in the initial

growth of the World Wide Web.

My SQL- Database used in developing the website to store large data.

PHP- is a programming language used in developing this website.
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                                  Chapter 2

           REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

      This chapter will present the review of related literature and studies

that relevance to the present study.



Review of Related Literature and Studies



Related Literature



Performance

      As mentioned or discussed in the website wikipedia.org, performance

is characterized by the amount of useful work accomplished by a computer

system compared to the time and resources used.

      According to website of dictionary.com, performance is the process or

manner of functioning or operating; “The power of its engine determines its

operation”; “The plane’s operation in high winds”; “They compared the coding

performance of each oven”; “The jet performance to high standards”.

      It means that the complete behavior of a repository system in response

to the conditions processor and events that may affect a (law.justia.com).

       The above literatures are related to the present study since it discuss

about performance.
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Website

      A set inter connected web pages, usually including a homepage,

generally located on the same server and prepared and maintained as a

collection of information by a person, group or organization

      In computer science, file of information located as a server connected

to the World Wide Web (WWW). The www is a set of protocols and software

that allows the global network called the internet to display multimedia

documents. Websites may include the text, photographs, illustrations, video,

and music or computer program. They also often include links to other sites in

the form of hypertext, highlighted or color text that the user can click on with

their mouse, instructing their computer to jump to the new site.

      According to the website 4umi, it is a collection of “pages” or

documents on the www that form (or are intended to form) a single system

usually equates to a single company or individual’s web presence. The term

webpage is often used, although strictly this should refer to a single “page” or

documents.

      These mentioned terms are related to the current study because it

discuss about website.
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Website Usability

        As defined to the website of web design, usability is the process of

making website that can easily use by customers. It encompasses the

heuristics of the site as well as the methods that people use to manipulate the

site.

        According to the website answer, determination in details of the exact

operational requirements of a system, resolution of these into file structures

and input/output formats and relation of each managements tasks and

information requirements.

        According to website usability, in general, usability refers to how well

users can learn and use a product to achieve their goals and satisfied them

with that process.

        As mentioned in the website marketing terms the cases with visitors

are able to use a website.

        These mentioned terms are related to the current study because it

discuss about the usability of the website, where the present study is

emphasizing its use for the users.



Website Design

        As discussed in Wikipedia, software design is a process of problem

solving and planning for a software solution. After the purpose and

specifications of software are determined developers will design or employ
                                                                            13




designers to develop a plan for a solution. If includes level component and

algorithms implementation issues as well the architectural view.

       According to the book of “The Lexicon Webster Dictionary - The

English Language”, it is a decorative pattern which is use as instructions for

making something which leave the details to be worked out. It is the

arrangement of forms, colors, materials that go to make a ’style’. It is

generally a formal structure of a picture.

       According to the website Brainquote, design is the realization of an

inventive or decorative plan; especially a work of decorative art considered as

a new creation, fine conception or plan shown in completed work ; as this

carved panel is a fine design ,or of a design.

       The above literatures are related to the present study for design is a

software solution to persuade the attention of the viewers.



User Friendliness

       Webopedia website defined user friendly to anything that makes it

easier for devices to use a computer.

       User Friendly is a daily webcomic about the stuff of a small, fictional

internet service provider, Columbia internet. The strips humor tends to be

centered on technology jokes and geek humor.

       In design, usability of the study of the ease with which people can

employ a particular tool or other human - made object in order to achieve a
                                                                          14




particular goal. This can include endeavors as valid as consumer electronics,

communication, and knowledge transfer objects and mechanical objects such

as a door handles or a hammer.

       According to the Wikipedia website, usability includes the methods of

measuring usability and the study of the principles behind on objects

perceived efficiency or elegance.

       These mentioned terms are related to the present study because it

discuss about the user friendliness of the website.



Error handling

       In the published website of search software quality, it was discussed

that error handling refers to the anticipation, detection and resolution of

programming, applications and communications error. Specialized programs,

called error handlers are available for some application. The best program of

this type for install error if possible, recover from them then occur without

terminating the application or (if all else false) a gratefully terminate an

affected application and save the error information to a log file.

       According to the cpearson website, it refers to the programming

practice of anticipating and coding for error conditions that may arise when

your program runs.

       The above literatures are related to the present study because the

present has the ability to handle errors.
                                                                          15




PHP

       It is an amazing language. It is mean to work with web server where it

can do the critical work of file management and database access. It is

reasonably easy to learn and understand and can embedded into a web

pages. It is a powerful as more-difficult language. With a number of

impressive extension that add new features to the language.

       According to the website of webopedia it can perform any task that

any CGI program can do, but its strength lays in its compatibility with many

types of databases. Also PHP can talk across networks using IMAP, SNMP,

NNTP, POP3 or HTTP.

       PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor is a widely used general-purpose

scripting language that was originally assigned for web development to

produce dynamic web pages. For this purpose, PHP code embedded into the

HTML source document and interpreted by a web server. With a PHP

processor module which generates the web page document. As a general

purpose programming language PHP code it processed by the interpreter

application in command line mode performing desired operating system

operations and producing program output on its standard output channel. It

may also function as a graphical application. PHP is available as a processor

for most modern web server and as standalone interpreter or must OS and

computing platform.
                                                                         16




       The above literatures are related to the present because the study

had used PHP to make the website.



Macromedia Dreamweaver

      In Google website, Adobe Dreamweaver (formerly Dreamweaver) is a

web development application originally called by macromedia and is now

developed by Adobe system which required Macromedia in 2005.

      In encyclopedia term website Macromedia Dreamweaver is a

comprehensive website authoring program for windows and Mac from Adobe

Dreamweaver in a sophisticated authoring package that is noted for many

advanced features. For example, site designing can seamlessly more back

and forth between visual and HTML modes. Dreamweaver was originally

developed by macromedia, which was acquired by Adobe by Adobe in 2009.

      It is a web design software application developed by Macromedia. It

uses a powerful editing system that incorporated both WYSIWYG and HTML

editing. It is currently available for Mac Windows. Rumors persist that

Macromedia has built a session if Dreamweaver that runs on Linux flat form

(using wine). Although 1.75 the company has made no formal announcement

on the matter.

      The above literatures are related to the present because the study had

use Macromedia Dreamweaver to make the website.
                                                                         17




Adobe Photoshop

      In Wikipedia website it is a graphic editing program developed and

published by adobe system. It is the market leader for commercial bitmap and

image manipulating software and is the flash product of adobe System.

      As discussed in bradycommunication website it is a popular high-end

image editor from adobe for Macintosh and windows. By default Photoshop

file have a .PSD intensions.

      According to the hosting checker website, Photoshop produced by

adobe is doubted the most popular graphics editing software in the world.

Photoshop is used widely in the desktop publisher and graphics design

industry as well as the web authoring profession.

      The above literature are related the present because the study had use

Adobe Photoshop to make the website.




MYSQL

      My SQL is a high performance multi user relational database

management system that is today the de facts standard for database-drivers

software application both on and off the web.

      According to techterms website, My SQL is pronounced as either “My

S-Q-L” or “My Sequel”, is an open source relational database management

system. It is based on the structure query language (SQL), which is we for

adding, removing and modifying information in the database.
                                                                             18




       As mentioned for webopedia, Pronounced “My ess que el” (each letter

separately) and not my SEE Kwill”. “My SQL is an open source RDBMS that

relies on SQL for processing the data in the database.

        The above literatures are related the present because the study had

used my SQL to make the website.



Home

       According to business dictionary, main page of the website which gives

detailed information on its owner and provides links to its other parts. Usually

it is the first page seen by every visitor, but some sites (such as those of

newspapers on portals) display a fresh page everyday, custom-tailored to the

individual visitor, preferences.

       According to personal web, homepage is the main page in a website.

Usually this page will point to all other pages on the site and will be the page

people come to first. This can be used to welcome visitors to your site and to

tell them a little about your site is about and/or who you are.

       Home is an information technology terms which refers to the local file

that automatically words when a web browser start and when the browsers

“home” bottom is pressed. It is also the term use to refer to the front page,

index or main page of a website of a group, company organization or

individual.
                                                                                19




        The above literature are related the present because the study that

website consists of a homepage.



History

       Encarta Dictionary tools defined it as past events of a period in time or

in life on development of a people, an institutions or place.

       According to Webster’s Encyclopedia Dictionary Deluxe edition, history

is a record of past events, usually with an interpretation of their cause and an

assessment of their importance.

       It was defined from techtarget website that the history is a detailed list

of web site the company has visited which remains in a computers memory

for a pre-determined numbers of days the number of days the computer

retains its history.

       The above literatures are related to the present for the website had

provided the history for the benefits of the users.



Establishment

       Is a term use to refer to the dominant group or elite holding the

effective power or authority in an organization, society or field of endeavor in

a particular when viewed as being opposed to change? In particular it can

refer to the traditional ruling power elite and the situations of society that they
                                                                              20




control. The term can be used to describe special entrenched elite structures

in specific institution but is usually inform in application.

       It was defined by the website todingu that establishment is a single

physical location where business is conducted or where services are

performs.

       It was defined by tooling website that establishment is a single physical

location where business is conducted or where service are performed

       The above related literature is related to the present because the study

had provided list of establishment for information.



Map

       It was defined by the website aredictionary, map is representation of

the surface of the earth or some portion of it, showing the relatives position of

the parts represented.

       As mentioned in Wikipedia, a map is a visual representation of an

area, a symbolic depiction highlighting relationships between elements of that

space such as object.

       It was defined by aredictionary website map is a representation of the

surface if the earth, or some portion of it, showing the relative position of the

parts represented.

       The above literature are related to the study because the website had

provided a map that can help people who are in need.
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Gallery

        Princeton University defined photography as a representation of the

person or scene in the form of a print or transparent slide; recorded by a

camera on lights sensitive material.

        Biology website defined gallery refers to the representation of anything

(as a person a landscape, a building) upon canvas, paper or other surface,

pro by means of painting, drawing, engraving, photography etc. a

representation in colors.

        In caffronart website a space for the exhibition of works of art insist

where paintings and other artworks are exhibited.

        The above literatures are related in the study for the present study

because the website had provided a gallery to view the place in Kalayaan.



Municipal Officials/Municipality

        Municipality is a town city or district having powers of local-self

government.

        Municipality is an administrative entry composed of a clearly defined

territory and its population and commonly denotes as city town or village, or a

small group of people.

        Municipality is typically includes town but is not restricted to them. A

municipality is a general purpose district as opposed to a special purpose

district.
                                                                            22




       The above literatures are related to the study for the present study

because it covered the municipality.



Related Studies



Performance

       According to OTOP-Laguna website a study on system level

performance Assessment of six processors with System (2007), this paper

presents a system level methodology for modeling and analyzing the

performance of system on chip (SOC) processors. The solution adopted

focuses on minimizing assessment time by modeling processor behavior only

in terms of the performance metrics of interest. Formally, the desired behavior

is captured through a C/c44 executable model of computation. (MOC)

       Audea, et al. (2010) in their reports, the findings of a study KRM

professional of their perception of the KRM and firm performance in the Phil

conducted in the Phil. That examines the extents of adoption of human

capital-enhancing human resource (HR) and industrial relations (IR)

practices.

       A study on human performance was created by annual (2010) in

computer aided architectural design. Their proper described the due and

application of a cognitively based performance methodology for accessing
                                                                             23




human performance on computer aided architectural design (CADD) task

studies.

          The above studies are related to the present study since it discuss

about performance.



Website Usability

          As mentioned in the website of Colorado system, Usability is the

external to which the intended user can meet his or her goals, using the

system being tested. It is also mentioned that when doing the usability test-

one must.

          Website usability is not just about making sure everything on the site

works, but now quickly and easily visitors are able to make use of this site.

The need for website usability is perhaps west expressed by Jakob Nielsen’s

Law of the internet user experience. “User spends most of their time or other

sites”.

          Usability is a concern for members because of its potential impart,

positive or negative on marketing metrics such as conversion rates, which is

turn affect printability.

          These mentioned terms are related to the current study because of

discuss about the usability of the website where the present study is

emphasizing its use for the users.
                                                                          24




User Friendliness

       Habaña, et al. (2009) developed the “Website of Liliw, Laguna”. Their

respondents perceived that this website is easily understood. Generally

revealed by the weighted mean of 4.20 with the standard deviation of 0.428

and usually interpreted as agree.

       Bornilla, et al. (2008) created “Rhine Marketing Sales and Inventory

System” the outputs of their system that can generate that executions at the

different commands the user invoke can easily use the system without any

haggardly of conflicts. Generally their respondents perceived the software as

user- friendly as shown by the average weighted mean of 4.95 ad verbally

interpreted as agree.

       Rizalde, et al. (2008) in their summary of findings in terms of user-

friendliness, the system was found as user friendly revealed by the general

weighted mean of 3.78 with standard deviation of 0.664 and verbally

interpreted as agree in the face-point scale.

       The mentioned studies are related to the present study since it also

discussed on user friendliness as an achievement.



Error Handling

       Coral, et al. (2008) created ”KRM appliances Marketing Sales and

Inventory System” and was able to derive the output of their system which

can generate output with accuracy can perform its intended functions;
                                                                           25




understand conditions and gives debugging functions. Generally their

respondents perceived flat the software can handle error as shown by the

average weighted means of 4.57 verbally interpreted as agree.

       Ponce, et al. (2009) stated in their study entitled “Website of Lumban,

Laguna” that error handling of website refers to one of the indicator of

software performance which process on the capability to certificate, detect

and resolve programming.

       Mangilin, et al. (2008) developed the system entitled “Website of CCS”

and found out that the system can handle incorrect inputs, can handle all

kinds of errors and it generate fast execution of the different commands the

user invokes.

       The above literature is related to the present study because the

present has the ability to handle error.



PHP

       As discussed in the website techrepublic by David Sklar and Adam

Trachten, PHP is a server side language for creating dynamic web pages.

You create pages with PHP and HTML when visitor opens the page the

server processes the PHP commands and then sends the results to the

visitor’s browser, just as with ASP on ColdFusion. Unlike ASP or ColdFusion,

however, PHP is open source and cross platform. PHP runs on Windows NT

and may Unix Versions and it can be built as an Apache module and as
                                                                              26




binary that can run as a CGI. When built as an Apache module, PHP is

especially but it doesn’t require the tuning of mod-Perl to keep your servers

memory image small.

       Banaria, et al. (2009) stated in their “Website of Nagcarlan, Laguna”

that PHP is an open source, server side, HTML embedded scripting language

used by the researchers to create dynamic web pages.

       Borgonos, et al. (2007) “AACCUP Electronic Survey Instrument” PHP

used to address problems about computing and managing of documents and

creditors. It aimed to provide an internet web application for facilitating

administrator of survey instruments use to a credit universities and colleges. It

is similar to the study because the researchers used PHP as their scripting

language that track and manage information similar to the study.

       The above studies are related to the present because the study had

used MAP to make the website.



Macromedia Dreamweaver

       Habaña, et al. (2009) a sophisticated web designed application that

best professional; incorporating multimedia elements and database driver

content into their website.

       Dreamweaver web development (2006) by Drew Melillan mentioned

that websites provide useful information to web design and developers using

Dreamweaver. Macromedia has no additional control ever content found
                                                                            27




there and make a no guaranteed as to accuracy or velocity of any information

found there. It had been presented as additional resources that may benefit

one’s work with Dreamweaver.

       According to Flores, et al. (2006) created the “E- theses Library of

LSPC- SCC information Technology” that gave system provided a guide with

relevant information technology department that gave information such as

thesis, title, author and the date when it was developed with its abstract was

viewable. The researchers used macromedia Dreamweaver for creating web

pages because they found out the application tool was appropriate.



Adobe Photoshop

       Chiva, et al. (2008) adobe has announced the release of an important

new software application Digital addition 1.0 especially for acquiring,

managing and reading e- books, digital news paper and other digital

publication. Adobe Digital editions transform the digital reading experience

and offers new creative possibilities for publisher.

       Angeles, et al. (2008) created LSPU- E- MAP”” that Adobe Photoshop

is an image editing program that let you create and modify digital images. “es”

stands for Creative Suite, a complete design environment.

       Delos Santos, et al. (2008) developed the Laguna Information System

to help the province of Laguna in promoting the place, increase tourism
                                                                              28




revenues and for the students to serve as reference that provides information

regarding the province of Laguna.

       The above studies are related to the present study because it used

Adobe Photoshop for editions photo and graphics that needed in the website.

It is related because it is a tool that has been used by the researchers to

make the system works.



My SQL

       Chiva, et al. (2008) one need to be a web specialist is fluent in My SQL

or even a fill grasp on internet trends. Only needed is a profitable data source

and the transform it into a convenient, organize website that can be

navigated.

       Manalo, et al. (2008) it s a multithreaded, multi- user SQL Database

Managements System (DBMS) which has according to My SQL AB, more the

10 million installation s. the basic program runs as server providing multi- user

access to a number of databases.

       De Celis, et al. (2007) created a “Web- Based Course Information

System” to address the current problems of getting information about the

academic program on LSPU-SCC using booklets, brochures or even

searching manually. It was designed to view information regarding the

subject, description, course prospectus, goals and objectives.
                                                                           29




      The above studies are related to the present study because it uses My

SQL to make website. It is related because it is a tool that use by the

researchers to make the system works.



Homepage

      Conte, et al. (2007) created “Ro- Janis online Invitation Card System”.

An online invitation card system web based that provide accurate and fast

information regarding information design. The study is similar to the presents

study in the way that the way that the researchers design the homepage in

the same manner. The homepage of the website consisted of the menus

found in the website.

      Flores, et al. (2006) mentioned in their thesis that a homepage is the

main page e- thesis Library of LSPC SCC Information Technology

Department.

      Mangilin, et al. (2008) mentioned that homepage is the main page of

the site entitled “Laguna State Polytechnic University Main Campus Website”.

These studies are related to the present study in a way that both website

consists of a homepage.



History

      Sandoval, et al. (2008) implied that history is the study of the past

through documents reports and other artifacts. The past can be inferred
                                                                            30




through many sources chronicles, myth, building, monuments, business news

paper and work of art.

       Calowag, et al. (2007) create the software entitled “Electronic Students

Manual for Laguna State Polytechnic University- Sta. Cruz Campus” to have

a computer based system that helped enhance the interest of the students to

have more about the school.

       The study is similar to the present study in a way that both studies

show the history of both chosen study.



Establishment

       Docabo, et al. (2008) mentioned in their study that establishment refers

to the place in Quezon that serve foods, beverages and other product

services.

        It has long been interpreted by the department of labor and the court

that establishment means a distinct physical place of business and not to

include all the places of business which may be operated by an organization.

       A public or private structure (business or government or educational)

includes buildings and equipment for business or residence.

       The above studies are related to the present because the study had

provided list of establishments for information and has an establishment

menu for the viewer will be updated regarding their establishment status and

information related to it.
                                                                              31




Map

      Garcia, et al. (2007) stated in their thesis that school officials, faculty

and staff the users can view school officials, faculty and staff and contractual

employees.

      Altamirano, et al. (2007) mentioned in their thesis that on event refers

to the events that are index in the computer department such as intramurals

search and so on.

      Habaña, et al. (2009) created Website of Liliw, Laguna. The researcher

stated that map was refers to the location of the town and allocates barangay.

The above studies are related to the study because the website had provided

a map that can help people who are in finding a certain path to a particular

place; for reference regarding assignments for students and serves as added

information for viewers.
                                                                          32




                                  Chapter 3



                        RESEARCH METHODOLOGY



      This chapter presents the research design, population and sample

research instrument, developments and validation of the research instrument,

data gathering procedure and statistical method.



Research Design

      The descriptive method of research will utilize in this study. The

descriptive research design will enables the researchers to describe or

present the picture of a phenomenon or phenomena under investigation.

      Data gathering is very important in the study because it serves as a

basis and pattern in making the system. The researchers will conduct a

research in the municipality of Kalayaan for the public profile of the town.

Search related studies and reference such as journals (published by the

town) and written documents that will be given by the municipal of Kalayaan.

Interviews will also conduct from person including some residents’ o Kalayaan

who are involved in creating this study.

      The System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) for the system

development will be used. The SDLC is defined as the step by step process

that many researchers or organization follow during system analysis and
                                                                              33




design the five phases are the Planning Phase, Analysis Phase, Design

Phase, Development Phase and Evaluation Phase.

       In the Planning Phase, the problem will be formed and defined during

the survey is conduct asses the overall performance of the website as scope

of the problem.

       The second Phase is the Analysis Phase; it involved a detailed look of

the system. The researchers will gather data from journals (published by the

town) and written documents that will be given by the municipal office of

Kalayaan. Interview will also conduct some residents of Kalayaan.

       The Design Phase- the new system will be conceived and put down on

paper. The interface that would suite the needs of the user in accordance with

the theme will partially design while doing this, researcher’s sense of

organization will developed.

       Documents     Phase,    building   the   system,   factual   and   needed

information gathers by the researchers through interviews and research put

into use. In this phase, the needed system, hardware will determine. When

the municipal office accepted the proposal the researchers containing the

design and its contents, the researchers found out what system will be

available and use in order to describe the hardware that is applied in the

creation of the study.

       The last is Evaluation Phase, it involved the improvement of the

system and maintenance included not only keeping the machinery running
                                                                            34




but also updating and upgrading the system. It was done to endure that the

design specifications will met and that the desire outputs the system. Final

charges and modifications are incorporated in the system based on the

suggestion and feedback of the respondents.



Population and Sampling

       Questionnaire checklist will be given to 30 respondents of community

of Kalayaan to asses the system. The respondents will choose purposively to

determine the overall performance of the system.

Data gathering procedure

       When the website of Kalayaan is fully developed, getting permit is

follow before the actual evaluation. The system will present to the adviser

before the evaluation of the respondents to know if the system achieved its

intended goal for further revision.



Research Procedure

       The study will use questionnaires checklist as the main tool in

evaluating the study. It contains indicators that asses the overall performance

of the system. The indicators include software usability, software design, user

friendliness and error handling.
                                                                           35




        The respondents will rate the system on the scale below:

Point                               Interpretation/ Description

5                                        Strongly Agree

4                                        Agree

3                                        Moderately Agree

2                                        Disagree

1                                        Strongly Disagree



Statistical Treatment of Data

        After developing the system the information that are gathered,

analyzed and tabulated will determine the level of perception of the overall

performance of the system, descriptive statistical tools that employed such as

weighted mean and standard deviation to determine the perception of

respondents on Kalayaan Website.
                                                                           36




                                 Chapter 5



  SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION



      This Chapter discusses the summary of findings, conclusion and

recommendation.



Summary of Findings

      Based n the analysis data, the findings were as follows:

   1. The researchers used Macromedia Dreamweaver as the major

      software in developing the site, MySQL as the database and PHP for

      the linking of the different pages found in the website. Adobe

      Photoshop where also used especially in editing pictures and logos in

      the system.

   2. Perception of the respondents on the system in terms of:



      2.1.   Software usability, the respondent perceived that the software

         usability as high as supported by the weighted mean of__ with a

         standard deviation of _ interpreted verbally as agree.

      2.2.   User- friendliness, the respondent perceived that the software is

         accessible; easily follow the software instruction, users can easily

         use the system without any hazards of conflict and accommodate
                                                                           37




      all kinds of users supported by the general weighted mean of __

      with a standard deviation of __ interpreted verbally as agree.

   2.3.   Error-handling, the respondent perceived that the software error

      – handling can handle incorrect inputs, handle all kinds of errors

      and it generate fast execution of the different user invokes

      supported by the general weighted mean of __ with a standard

      deviation of __ interpreted verbally as agree.

   2.4.   Design, the respondent perceived that the design is appropriate

      with the system, attractive and easily be updated for future revision

      supported by the general computed weighted mean of __ with a

      standard deviation __ interpreted verbally as agree.

   2.5.   Security, the respondent perceived that the security is

      accessible   by a    username     and   password,      cannot    accept

      unauthorized user and password easily supported by the general

      computed weighted mean of __ with a standard deviation of __

      interpreted verbally as agree.

3. Over-all performance of the system based on the different statement

   perceived by the computer, student s and teachers with the following

   criteria; software usability with a general weighted mean of __ verbally

   interpreted as agree. User- friendliness with a general weighted mean

   of__ verbally interpreted as agree. Error- handling with a general

   weighted mean of __ verbally interpreted as agree. Software designs
                                                                         38




     with a general weighted mean of __ verbally interpreted as agree and

     with a general weighted mean of __ verbally interpreted as agree.




Conclusion

     Based on the findings and the conclusions drawn, the following are

recommended:

     1. The Kalayaan Laguna website is highly recommended for

        implementation at the said Municipality as to generate a greater

        number of visitors.

     2. Since it can be viewed via- intranet, it is recommended that the

        website be uploaded in the internet.

     3. Future researchers are encouraged to use this study as a reference

        and that the website can be enhanced in terms of its category,

        content, graphics etc.
                                                                           39




                                BIBLIOGRAPHY

                            A. Unpublished Materials



Altamirano, et al. (2007)

Angeles, et al. (2008) LSPU-E-map

Audea, et al. (2010)

Banaria, et al. (2009) Website of University of Colorado System

Bornilla, et al. (2008)

Campus-Calowag, et al. (2007)

Chiva, et al. (2008)

Conte, et al. (2007) Ro- Janis Online Invitation Card System

Coral, et al. (2008) KRM appliances Marketing Sales and Inventory System

Cuemo, et al. (2010)

Dizon, et al. (2008) our lady of Guadalupe Parish

Docabo, et al. (2008)

Flores, et al. (2006) E- theses Library of LSPC SCC Information Technology

Garcia, et al. (2006) Electronic Students Manual for Laguna State Polytechnic

University Sta. Cruz

Habaña, et al. (2008) Website of Liliw, Laguna

Manalo, et al. (2008)

Mangilin, et al. (2008) Laguna State Polytechnic University Website

Mangilin, et al. (2008) Website of College of Computer Studies
                                                       40




OTOP- Laguna Website

Ponce, et al. (2009) Website of Lumban, Laguna

Rizalde, et al. (2008)

Sandoval, et al. (2008) Website of Nagcarlan, Laguna

WebsiteRhine Marketing Sales and Inventory System




                                    B. Websites

www.4umi.com/web/glossary.php

www.about.com

www.answer.com

www.aredictionary.com

www.articles.techrepublic.com.com

www.biology-online.org

www.bradycommunication.com

www.brainquote.com

www.cpearson.com

www.dictionary.com

www.en.wikipedia.org

www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/software_design

www.hostingchecker.com

www.law.justia.com
                                                          41




www.marketingterms.com

www.saffronart.com

www.searchsoftwarequality.com

www.usability.gov

www.webdesign.about.com

www.webopedia.com



                                    C. Books

Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia

The New Lexicon Webster Dictionary-the English Language

Webster’s encyclopedia dictionary

				
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