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 National Aeronautics and
 Space Adm nistration
Goddard Space Flight Center              Goddard News
 Greenbelt, Maryland and Wallops Island, Virginia                                                                                  Vol. 31 No.1 January 1985



Space Technology                                             Rocket Launch Marks End Of Era
Aids Restoration Of                                          Payload Records Ultraviolet Emissions
Venetian Buildings                                                                                   By David W. Thomas
           By Charles Recknagel                                   NASA’s successful launch of an                      The Aerobee program began in 1946,
    Space technology developed for map-                       Aerobee liquid-fueled sounding rocket               when Applied Physics Laboratory (APL),
ping the chemical composition of the Moon                     from White Sands Missile Range, New                 John Hopkins University, Baltimore
and planets is being tested in Venice as a                    Mexico on January 17, marked the end of             Maryland suggested to noted scientist Dr.
new means of understanding the decom-                         that rocket series. Introduced officially on        James Van Allen that he determine what
position of priceless monuments.                              September 25, 1947 with the first range             existing rockets were available for scien-
    The tests are part of an international                    launch, the firing of Aerobee 1058 was the          tific research, specifically for augmenting
effort to apply the most modem methods                        last of the oldest continuous rocket firing         high atmospheric studies. Other rockets
available to saving the city’s historic                       program.                                            were available, but were deemed too small
buildings as Venice continues to sink                             Since 1959, NASA’s Sounding Rocket              for the anticipated space research.
slowly into the Adriatic (the sea lying east                  Division has launched 537 Aerobees, 504                 Aerojet Engineering Corp. won a con-
of Italy).                                                    successfully - a 94 percent success rate.           tract from the U.S. Navy to develop new
    Scientists from the Goddard Space                         The Aerobee series was one of the first             scientific sounding rockets; APL was
Flight Center, Computer Sciences Cor-                         rockets developed for scientific research in        assigned technical direction, and Dr. Van
poration (CSC) of Silver Spring, MD, and                      the U .S . Because of its reliability, Aerobee      Allen became director of the project. He
the University of Maryland, College Park,                     became the “workhorse” vehicle for high             derived the name Aerobee from the com-
this summer tested the use of a gamma ray                     altitude studies.                                   bination of Aerojet and APL’s series of
detector to map salt and water seeping into                        “Virtually everything that’s been done         Navy missiles, the Bumblebees.
the walls of the famous St. Mark’s Basilica                   in space research can be attributed to
and the Gradenigo Palace.                                     sounding rocket technology ,” according to                       Used During IGY
    The detection system is the first non-                    Maury Dubin, a Goddard physicist who                    Aerobees were used extensively during
destructive technique for detecting the                       worked extensively in the early sounding             the International Geophysical Year (IGY,
often invisible rise of saltwater within the                   rocket program. “The Aerobee and other              July, 1957-December 31, 1958). They
interior of building walls and for mapping                     sounding rocket research precipitated the           were among the more than 300 instru-
the deposits of salt which gradually decom-                    rise of many disciplines, from astronomy            mented sounding rockets launched from
pose their materials. Because water damage                    to the Earth’s atmosphere.”                                                   Continued on page 2
is common to many architectural                                                   - r
monuments beyond those in Venice, the
new technique could also be useful in help-
 ing preserve other historic trusts around the
 world.

        Use Neutrons to Explore
   Previous techniques have utilized drill-
ing for core samples which had to be used
                               Continued on page 2


                     Inside
    Center Director’s
      New Year’s Message ..........Page          2
    Employee Profile. ...............Page        4
    Dr. Uccellini Receives
      Meisinger Award .............Page          5
    Red Cross Cites
      Major Blood Donors.. ........Page          5                AEROBEE ROCKET - An Aerobee undergoes final preparations before having nose cone attached at
1                                                    I            the White Sands Missile Range, NM.



               -.     .     . . . . . . . ....       .. ~ , I ,
                                                          .            . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               . . .              ...............
Page Two                                                                                           Goddard News - Januarv 1935



 A New Year’s Message From The Center Director
                                                                          Yet, something possibly more significant than our visible
                                                                       accomplishments happened this year. I sense that in spirit we
                                                                       have become one Center. Wefretted, agonized, argued about
                                                                       and then reached agreement on Goddard goals and carved out
                                                                       our niche in informution systems and Space Station.
                                                                           The year was not without its share of pain, frustration and
                                                                       sadness. I regret that reorganizations did cause individual hurt
                                                                       and that I could not get you all the resources you need. We lost
  ing program; AMPTE, ERBS, and NOM-9 set about their                  valued colleagues andfiends by retirement, resignationor death
  business of contributing to the well-being of all Earths in-         but have wonderful memories. These are inescapablefacets of
  habitants; Goddard s IUE keeps exploring for cosmic secrets;         living and working together as we strive to make our lives pro-
  you f i e d Solar Max!; Hubble Space Telescope and TDRS teams        ductive and meaningful. From them, though, renewed purpose
  worked wonders: Procurement, contracting, and the Plant              and determination can emerge.
  Operations and Maintenance Division kept us in business;                For 1985, you have my admiration, respect and trust.
  UARS, COBE, GRO and SOT are chugging along; hundreds
  of science papers were published; our Wallops colleaguesfilled
  the skies with sounding rockets and balloons; I could g o on and
  on but let not the lack of space diminish any of the unmentioned     Noel W. Hinners
  contributions.                                                       Director


Aerobee Rockets                                                                               Space Technology
Continued from page 1                                                                         Continued from page 1
sites around the world and made discover-       new spectrograph to be flown on               sparingly for fear of further damaging en-
ies regarding the atmosphere, cosmic radia-     Astro; a NASA ultraviolet astronomy mis-      dangered walls and frescoes. By using
tion, auroras and geomagnetism. The ICY         sion. This spectrograph will record extreme   neutrons instead of drillbits to explore the
was largely an investigation of the natural     ultraviolet Dayglow emissions in the          wall interiors, the gamma ray detector
environment.                                    Earth’s upper atmosphere.                     offers a fast and comprehensive look at
   The rockets carried instruments into the                                                   damaged structures, permitting building
upper atmosphere for investigations and                                                       restorers a way to better plan and focus
gathered data from as high as 250 kilome-              Sounding Rockets Needed                repair efforts.
ters (155 miles). They also flight tested in-      Although the demise of the small,             Dr. Jacob Trombka, of Goddad’s Solar
struments to be used in satellites. Sending     liquid-fueled sounding rocket is imminent,    Physics Branch and a member of the in-
instruments in the high atmosphere was one      there always will be a need for sounding      vestigators group, developed the X-ray and
of the principal motives for 20th century       rockets in general, according to George       gamma ray detection techniques starting in
rocket development, according to the early      Kraft, head Goddard Flight Support Sec-        1968 as part of an effort to map lunar soil
rocket design studies of Dr. Robert H.          tion. “The small, liquid-fueled rockets       during the Apollo program. Recognizing
Goddard, called the Father of American          aren’t economically feasible anymore,         that the lunar soil continuously relcases
Rocketry.                                       compared to their solid-propelled counter-    gamma radiation as it is naturally bom-
                                                parts,” Kraft said. “But sounding rockets     barded by cosmic rays in space, the Apollo
                                                always will have a place in scientific        remote sensing X-ray and gamma ray team
              Rocket Series                     research. They’re virtually the only vehic-   proposed a detection system which was
   The rockets consisted of five in a series;   les that can conduct studies in the 40 km     included aboard the Command Service
100, 150, 170, 200 and 350. Each rocket         (25 mile) to 200 km (125 mile-high) zone      Module to record patterns in the lunar soil’s
carried as many as six different experi-        of the atmosphere. “Balloons can go only      gamma ray and X-ray emissions. Such pat-
ments. Cameras, vacuum bottles, mirrors,        as high as 40 km (25 miles) and satellites    terns provide a reflection of the elements
girds, sensing devices, lenses and many         are ineffective lower than 200 km (125        composing the soil, as each element tends
other mechanical units were flown and           miles).                                       to give off a characteristic “signature” of
returned to Earth. Most of the data col-           The NASA Sounding Rocket Program           X-ray and gamma radiation.
lected involved transmitting telemetry from     is managed by Goddard’s Wallops Flight            “Between 1968 and 1972, we mapped
the rocket to ground stations during flight     Facility, Wallops Island, Virginia, where     twenty percent of the lunar surface this
and recording data simultaneously.              the Suborbital Projects and Operations        way,” says Trombka. “Then with the
   The final Aerobee payload tested a           Directorate is located.                       completion of the manned lunar program,
                                                                                                                       Continued on page 3
Goddard News          - January                1985                                                                                                              Page Three




Space               Technology
Continued from page 2



we began looking for ways that we could                      historical buildings in Venice. Dr. Roberto
spinoff some of the technology we had                         Frassetto, the head of the Interlaboratory
found so useful in exploring the Moon to                     Group of Scientists for the Venice restora-
solving problems here at home.”                              tion effort, subsequently invited Trombka,
   In the mid-l970s, Dr. Larry Evans                         Evans, and Livingston to the city for a two-
(CSC) joined Trombka to extend these                         week test in November, 1984. The travel
systems for future planetary missions and                    was supported by a collaborative research
to adapt the detection technique to Earth,                   grant from the NATO Science Committee.
where cosmic rays do not penetrate the
atmosphere sufficiently to stimulate natural                      Measurements Show Damage
gamma emissions.                                                The measurements were carried out
   The immediate solution was to apply                       with a team of scientists from the Italian
neutron excitation methods to simulate                       Nuclear Agency led by Drs. Mauritzio
gamma ray emissions. Using low intensity                     Diana and Pietm Moioli. Placing the detec-
neutron sources, prompt gamma ray emis-                      tor on one side of a wall and a neutron
sions could be detected, thus reducing the                   source on the other to briefly irradiate the
radiation hazard by leaving the sample with                                                           ~~       ~




negligible residual radioactivity.                              The neutron gamma detection
   This method, called ‘‘prompt neutron                      system not only proved its worth
gamma ray analysis for application to                        by successfdy measuring the salt
analysis of extended materials” proved so                                                                                      GAMMA-RAY DETECTOR - A radioactive
successful that its developers patented the
                                                             content, it also discovered salt                              detector is positioned to measure radiationthrough
technique in 1984.                                           higher in the walls than ground                               a pillar at San Marco. The discoloration is caused
                                                                                                                           by salt contamination.
                                                             water could have deposited it.
         Tested at Williamsburg                               intervening material, the investigator group                                   odr,
                                                                                                                               Now back at G d a d Trombka, Evans
    Trombka and Evans first applied the                       sampled walls in a variety of Venice’s most                   and Livingston are analyzing the readings
gamma detector to an architectural site in                    famous structures. At St. Mark’s Basilica,                    made in Venice to fine tune their approach
 1981, when arrangements were made by                         for example, the technique provided the                       for more tests in 1985. At the same time,
Richard Livingston, of the University of                      first picture of conditions as deep as 20                     they are sharing their analysis techniques
Maryland, and Thomas Taylor, of Colonial                      inches inside walls which were faced with                     with Italian colleagues to transfer the
Williamsburg Foundation, to test it on the                    marble or precious frescoes.                                  technology.
walls of an 18th century smokehouse in
Williamsburg, VA. The Williamsburg
preservationists had discovered the bricks
of the smokehouse were being damaged by                            AMPTE Satellite Creates World’sFirst Man-Made Comet
salt deposits. They needed a device for                                  G e n e d y speaking, comets appear so infre-     ject desi@ to study the solar wind S internetions
measuring the salt and water content in the                         quently that when one is viewable grnund                with Earth S magnetosphere.
walls before and after they applied a                               observers x u n y to see it. Comet Encke appean             The comet was created by one of t h m
remedy to be sure they had found the cor-                           most often at 3.3 year intervals, according to a       spaces& in the Active MagnetosphericParticle
rect solution.                                                      GodW scientist.                                         Tracer Explorels (AMPTE) pmgmn, involving
                                                                         M y in the motning on Dscember 27, grind           the US.,West Gennany and the United King-
    This led to the realization that the salt                       observers in select parts of the world anticipated     dom. Essentially, the mission entails using one
could date back to the use of the building                          an even mer comet, one that never had been seen        satellite to inject barium and lithium particles in-
for smoking and curing meats, a condition                           before.                                                side and outside the magnetosphere, while the
calling for quite a different ultimate solu-                             The world’s fimt man-made comet - the holi-       other two spaumafi monitor and measure the en-
tion than a groundwater problem. Thus the                           day comt - was cmtai 72,,0 miles above Earth           suing activities.
                                                                    (overthe Pacific Ocean west o f Lima, Peru) that            The holiday comet was fonned when two
tool also proved its usefulness as diagnostic                       morning. Even thou@ clouds obscu#d the view-           barium canisters exploded into a cloud after being
device for finding problems and identify-                           ing frnm oficial ground observationsites, scien-       relased. Scientists say the solar wind caused the
ing solutions.                                                      tists called the artificial comet a success -          barium particles to fonn a tail more than 10,OaO
    So successful was the test, in fact, that                       documented by on-station aimati - and marked           miles long, which lasted about ten minutes.
Richard Livingston mentioned the device                             another milestone in the ongoing intemationalpro
to Italian colleagues working to preserve




               .. .. . .   ,   ..   .   .. .    . ..   ..-. .. .    .....   .                     ,        ”             .. .   .-   .   ..          .. .       .,     . .-.
                                                                                                                                                                       .       ...,
Pane Four                                                                                             Goddard News - January 1985




Employee Profile.                               as a writer. After graduating first in her
                                                class from Marjorie Webster College,
                                                                                                              Other Projects
                                                                                                    In addition to AMPTE - which involves
Deputy PrOJ’ectManager                          Washington, D.C. with an A.A. in Liberal
                                                Arts, she took her first permanent NASA
                                                                                                the U.S., West Germany and the United
                                                                                                Kingdom and uses three satellites to study
Handles R e s o m For                           position in 1963 as a secretary in the Office   the magnetosphere - she also is active in

htemational m m                                 of Advanced Research and Technology
                                                (OART) .
                                                                                                two other international projects, ROSAT
                                                                                                (Roentgen Satellite) and Lageos 2 (Laser
                                                   Once in the “real” work world,               Geodynamic Satellite).
         By David W. Thomas                                                                         ROSAT is scheduled for a Shuttle
                                                Gallagher displayed the same studiousness
                                                in the office that made her valedictorian.      launch in 1987 and will perform the first
   As a college student in the early 60s,       After less than a year in OART, she was         all sky survey of X-ray sources with an
her career plans may have loomed cloudy.        offered a secretarial position in Bioscience    imaging telescope; Lageos 2 is scheduled
At that time, she was working each sum-         Programs, Office of Space Science and           for launch in 1987 and will join Lageos 1
mer in NASA Headquarters Public Affairs         Applications (OSSA). She said she took the      to augment the current program that studies
Office, fielding queries on agency              position with the understanding that she        the movement of the Earth’s crust.
programs.                                       would eventually assume administrative               “I am really excited about these pro-
   Today, however, the diminutive               duties.                                         jects,” she said. “This is the first time I
blonde-haired Goddard employee is the                                                           have been part of a project from beginning
                                                              Zeal for Work                     to end. Some of the projects I have worked
                                                    Her zeal for “doing a good job” often       on in the past were either unpopular or
                                                drove her to read material outside of her        short-term, and I never saw them come to
                                                area of expertise and to work weekends,          fruition.”


                                                even though it was not always necessary.             She said its great to see some tangible
                                                Within a year in OSSA, she was promoted          results from programs she has worked on
                                                to administrative assistant in Planetary Pro-    for years.
                                                grams, OSSA.                                         Gallagher has been married for 19 years
                                                    “I worked weekends not so much               to Kevin J. Gallagher. They have a six-
                                                because of the workload,” she said, “but         year-old daughter and reside in Potomac,
                                                because I wanted to learn to be the best at      MD .
                                                what I did. Similarly, I decided while I was
                                                working for NASA I should learn every-                          Retirees
                                                thing I could about the space program.”
                                                    ‘‘...But I had not planned on a career           Afier years of dedication and service to God-
                                                                                                 dard, the following employeesretired recently. We
                                                with NASA ...I kind of soaked up every-
                                                                                                 wish them well on their new endeavors and hope
                                                thing there was to know about the job and        we will continue to benefit from their experience
                                                became an asset to the office. People            and wisdom. Listed are their codes and dates of
                                                recognized I was a diligent worker and           retirement.
AMPTE RESOURCES MANAGER-Suzanne
Gallagher is the Deputy Project Manager for     began giving me more responsibilities.”          Armiger, John             Falwell, Richard
Resources of the Active Magnetospheric Parti-       After working about 12 years in OSSA           754.4                     711.1
cle Tracer Explorers project.                   in several administrative/resources posi-          01-03-85                  01-03-85
                                                tions of increasing responsibility,
Deputy Project Manager for Resources            Gallagher moved to the Low Cost Systems          Bialek, John               Figueroa, Victor M.
(DPMR) of an international program that,        Office in 1976, when she became an opera-          712                        542.1
among other things, created the first man-      tions analyst, assisting in managing               01-03-85                   01-03-85

made comet in December. In her position,         resources for the Standard Equipment Pro-
                                                                                                 Blaine, Lamden             Flannigan, Thomas J.
she’s deft at dealing with resources and        gram, and promoting and monitoring                 674                        553.2
rock-sound about her future.                     agency-wide business practices.                   01-03-85                   01-03-85
   “I had not decided on may career back            Then, in 1979, she became the Program
then,” recalls Suzanne “Suzie” Gallagher,        Control and Resources Analyst in the            C a d i , Vincent          Fridie, Mildred F.
who is with the tri-national Active              Office of the NASA Chief Engineer. Her            716.2                      503
Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explorer          responsibilities included overall office ad;      01-03-85                   01-03-85
(AMPTE) project. “I originally considered        ministration and resources management
becoming a bilinguist because I majored          plus similar management of special tasks
in Spanish, but I opted for NASA because         assigned to the Chief Engineer by the
                                                 NASA Administrator, such as the indepen-         Day, Louise                Gantt, Edward
I had developed a genuine interest in the                                                           560                        752.3
space program.”                                  dent Shuttle Certification Assessment.             01-03-85                   01-03-85
   She stayed with NASA, but not in                 Gallagher came to Goddard in 1981 on
Public Affairs, where she was offered a job      a four-month detail in her current position.
Goddard News - January 1985                                                                                                        Page Five


Dr. Louis W . Uccellini Gets                            He is the 50th Meisinger awardee since        convective storm systems.
AMs’ Meisinger A ward                                1938, when the AMS began acknowledg-                He jointed Goddard in 1978 and since
                                                     ing young scientists; the award includes a       1979 has been project scientists (PS) for
                                                     $100 check and a certificate.                    the Visible Infrared Spin-Scan Radiomet-
    Dr. Louis W. Uccellini, a meteorologist             The award was presented at an awards          eric Scanner (VAS), flown on three
in Goddard Space Flight Center’s Labora-             banquet during the AMs’ 65th annual              Geostationary Operational Environmental
tory for Atmospheres, has received the               meeting, held January 9 at the Biltmore          Satellites (GOES); he also is Head,
American Meteorological Society’s (AMS)              Hotel, Los Angeles, CA. Award recipients         Mesoscale Analysis and Modeling Section.
coveted Meisinger Award, presented to a              are cited for “research achievements that           Previous citations for his work have
young scientist for significant research             are at least in part, aerological in charac-     included the AMS Father Macelwane
achievements.                                        ter,” and preference is given to “promis-        Award; a NASAIGoddard Outstanding
    Dr. Uccellini, 35, works in the Center’s         ing atmospheric scientists,” 35 years old        Service Award; a NASAIGoddard Excep-
Severe Storms Branch and received the                or younger, “who have recently shown             tional Performance Award; a NASA Group
award for his “innovative research on the            outstanding ability. ”                           Achievement Award, as project scientist
coupling of the high- and low-level jet                 Dr. Uccellini is an authority on jet          for the VAS demonstration team; the
streaks (the highest winds embedded within           streaks and how they affect the weather.         Maryland Distinguished Young Scientist
a jet stream) and the role of this interac-          He has done extensive analysis on upper          Award; and the NASAIGoddard GLA Peer
tion in the development of severe thunder-           and lower level jet streaks and related their    Award for Scientific Achievement.
storms and in winter cyclogenesis.”                  interactions to the development of severe



 Red Cross Cites Blood Donors
    Goddard blood donors who have given a gallon or more were cited recently by the
                                                                                                               Today is
  American Red Cross. Receiving pins for their donations were:                                               the first day
                                         Gallons                                            Gallons           of the rest
                                         Donated                                            Donated
                                                                                                             of your life.
  Walter Allison         730.3             1           Steven Kempler         694              1
  Thomas Bacon           53 1              2           Floyd Kramer           Contractor       1
  Robert Barnes          233               5           Nancy Lauhenthal       664              1
  Michael Blizzard
  Frank Boumila
  Charles Boyle
  Steven Brodd
                         562.8
                         530.9
                         200
                         Contractor
                                           3
                                           1
                                           2
                                           1
                                                       Paula Liehrecht
                                                       Sherry Madison
                                                       Gregory Manfra
                                                       Timothy McCain
                                                                              562.8
                                                                              752.1
                                                                              405
                                                                              271.3
                                                                                               2
                                                                                               2
                                                                                               5
                                                                                               1
                                                                                                           Give
  Edward Brosnan
  Virgil Cleveland
  Gilbert Colon
  Shirley Cnnke
  John Crapster
                         247.2
                         302
                         713.3
                         610
                         530.9
                                           2
                                           15
                                           2
                                           2
                                           3
                                                       Alison McNally
                                                       James Metzger
                                                       Thomas Mnnney, Sr.
                                                       Elaine Montgomery
                                                       Ronald Muller
                                                                              151.1
                                                                              731.3
                                                                              290.1
                                                                              653
                                                                              402
                                                                                               1
                                                                                               1
                                                                                               8
                                                                                               4
                                                                                               3
                                                                                                           blood,
  Thomas Cygnarowicz     713.1             5           Hugh O’Donnell         531.2            3
  Thomas Delaney
  Brian Dennis
                         750.1
                         682
                                           2
                                           2
                                                       Ronald O’Leary
                                                       Stephen Peregory
                                                                              753.2
                                                                              633
                                                                                               4
                                                                                               1
                                                                                                                 Soitcan
  Howard Dew             511.1             2           Michael Prokopchak     513              6                  bethe
  Stephen Edwards
  Wayne Eklund
                         745.2
                         750.5
                                           1
                                           1
                                                       David Reuben
                                                       Donald Righter
                                                                              272.2
                                                                              661
                                                                                               1
                                                                                               5                 first day
  Virginia Eller
  Charles Fleetwood
                         740.1
                         717.2
                                           4
                                           3
                                                       Wyatt Rinker
                                                       Christopher Scherer
                                                                              750.5
                                                                              531.1
                                                                                               2
                                                                                               3
                                                                                                            o somebody
                                                                                                             f
  Herbert Foster
  James Foster
                         745.1
                         624
                                           4
                                           8
                                                       Bruce Schmidt
                                                       Thomas Schmugge
                                                                              Contractor
                                                                              624
                                                                                               1
                                                                                               3
                                                                                                                else’s, toa
  Neil Gehrels           661               1           Richard Stavely        732.1            1
  Theodore Gull          683               2           Frank Stocklin         531.3            2
  Raymond Haney          750.5             2           George Stonesifer      633              1
  Powell Hinson          562.8             4           Walter Sullivan        533              5
  John Hodge             201               2           David Thompson         662              2
  Stephen Holt           660               1           Jan Turkiewicz         675              6
  Keith Hope             Contractor        2           Lynne Zink             750.5            1
  Barbara Karth          200.9             2

    DONORS LISTED ABOVE WHO‘ IDID NOT PICK UP THEIR PINS AT
  PREVIOUS BLOODMOBILE VISTS, SHOULD STOP BY THE CANTEEN AT THE
  NEXT BLOODMOBILE VISIT.



                 .   .           “   .      .. ~ .
Page Six                                                                                                       Goddard News        - January, 1985


                                                                                                           retransmits the data to a geosynchronous
South Pole Data Link Installed       by David W. Thomas
                                                                                                           satellite, which, in turn, transmits the in-
                                                                                                           formation to the U.S. This relay route is
                                                                                                           necessary because signals from a transmit-
   Nearly three quarters of a century after          Comgan, code 602, manager, Orbiting
                                                                                                           ter at the Pole are too far below the horizon
five Norwegians became the first to reach            Satellites Project, used the 17-year-old A p
                                                                                                           to be acquired by normal communications
the South Pole on December 14, 1911, a               plications Technology Satellite (ATS-3) to
                                                                                                           satellites. The McMurdo Station is located
six-man Goddard team at the South Pole               establish the two-way voice link.                     on the edge of Antarctica (-77 South
commemorated that explorative milestone                  But is was the installation of the skien-         Latitude), where it has access to the geosta-
with yet another historic event.                     tific data link, which enables daily trans-           tionary satellites.
   On December 14, 1984,73 years later,              mittal of information from the Pole, across               A communications link from the South
they took turns talking to their colleagues          Antarctica and onto the U.S., that is being           Pole has been considered before, but the
in Greenbelt, MD, some 8,000 miles                   heralded by the scientific community as               logistics involved was too impractical and
away, using one of two unprecedented                 the key, long-term breakthrough.                      too costly. For example, planning a pro-
satellite communication links the group in-              Before the group installed the system,            ject of this magnitude usually would have
stalled during the month they were in                scientific data from the pole had to be               taken several years and cost an estimated
Antarctica.                                          stored during the region’s winter months               $35 million, according to project
    “The conversation was amazingly audi-            and could be shipped out by aircraft only              representatives.
ble” said Tony Comberiate, a Goddard                 during the Austral summer (November 1-
communications expert and a member of                February l), when weather pennits landing                      Tremendous Support
the South Pole Satellite Data Link Project           at the Pole.
                                                                                                               “Our approach cost only about
team. “The folks at Goddard sounded like                 By using three existing polar orbiting
                                                                                                           $250,000 and took only nine months,”
they were just a few feet away.”                      satellites, a fourth is to be added soon, high
                                                                                                           said, Mike Comberiate, the Gaddard
   The capability for voice communica-                quality scientific data can be transmitted
                                                                                                           engineer who conceived the idea, “because
tions from the South Pole using Ham radio             on a routine basis. Each satellite passes the
                                                                                                           we used existing satellites, excessed equip-
and the like has existed for some time,               Pole about 14 times daily nearly every hour
                                                                                                           ment and had tremendous support from
 “but those systems usually are weather               and a half, allowing about ten minutes to
                                                                                                           several organizations. ”
dependent and usually much noisier,” he               uplink data during each pass.
                                                                                                              The link will augment the investigations
said.                                                    The satellites relay the data from the
                                                                                                           in the South Polar region currently being
    The group, working closely with Pat              Pole to McMurdo Sound, which then
                                                                                                           conducted by an international science com-
                                                                                                           munity. And it will encourage even more
                                                                                                           studies, Mike said, “because now ex-
                                                                                                           perimenters don’t have to wait so long to
                                                                                                           get their data.”
                                                                                                               Scientists now can receive daily
                                                                                                           transmission of reliable data on: global
                                                                                                           weather patterns; the magnetospheric cusp;
                                                                                                           the upper atmosphere; and glaciological
                                                                                                           and seismic studies, to name a few
                                                                                                           disciplines. The link also has the potential
                                                                                                           to evolve into a data collection network for
                                                                                                           the many of the unmanned observatories
                                                                                                           (ground-based satellites) scattered
                                                                                                           throughout Antarctica.
                                                                                                               According to team member Dave Pro-
                                                                                                           vost, code 730, “this system can evolve
                                                                                                           into the high-quality data recovery opera-
                                                                                                           tion that scientists have been getting from
                                                                                                           their counterpart instruments on NASA
                                                                                                           spacecraft. ”

                                                                                                               The unqualified success of this project
                                                                                                           has led the world’s largest Antarctic
                                                                                   Joe Walters photo       museum, the Canterbury Museum in
    GRO MODEL AWARDS - From left to right: Ray Saxton, code 403; Bob Ross, 602, and Dennis                 Christchurch, New Zealand, to consider
Asato, 713.2 are shown with a model of the Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO). A GRO schedule analyst,            these achievements to be historic
a systems engineer for a GRO instrument and a systems engineer for the GRO propulsion subsystem            milestones heralding in the Space-Age for
respectively, the three received GRO model awards recently for significant contributions to the project.   the White Continent. Mike said the
The GRO is scheduled to be launched by the Space Shuttle in 1988 and will use four instruments capable
of making a comprehensive study of the gamma-ray universe. Designed to provide unique information
                                                                                                           museum is requesting a representative
on the high-energy processes associated with celestial objects, it will allow simultaneous observations    display from NASA.
with good time resolution and high sensitivity over the full gamma-ray energy range.
Goddard News      - January 1985                                                                                  Page Seven



Silver Snoopy A wards Presented To Employees
Individuals Commended For Support Of Shuttle Missions
   The Seventh Silver Snoopy Awards                                                     Brown, Michael A. Causey, Carolyn
took place on December 7. Recipients are
rewarded for professionalism, dedication                                                     Wood, and Anne McGinnis Wood);
and outstanding support that grea                                                            te Support Team (Kevin Bailey,
enhanced flight safety and mission su                                                          Castello, David Salisbury, and
for the STS program.
   Mr. Robert 0. Aller, A                                                                           tem Programming Team
Administrator for Tracking                                                                            Ferguson, Shantaram M.
Systems, and Center D                                                                                   . Kallarakal, Tai H. Kim,
Hinners addressed the aw
Bryan D. O'Connor present
   The following indiv                                                                                  OSPACE: Shawn B.
recognized:                                                                                                 Gerald Mansberg,
   NASA: Henry W. Alb
Azzolini, Nancy L. Deaco
Dolan, James H. Donohu
Edeline, Jimmie C . Elsw                                                                                 y, Roy S. Goldsmith,
Farwell, Bernard C. Fath,                                                                                and Alfred A. Wright).
Flatley, Walter K. Frazi
Grady, Paul E. Henley, D                                                                             ON: Emergency Logistics
Henry C. Hoffman, L.                                                                                up (Patrick M. Berry, Alston
                                                     Bond, John G . Hasenei,
John F. Laudadio, Edw                                                                            s and Sylvia A. Sykes).
                                                    A. Johnson, Robert H. K
Richard McAvoy 11, Grace
Seaton B. Norman, Susan P. Olden, Jo                                                       SPERRY: Michael E. Blackstone and
L. Parks, Jr., Anthony J. Pierro, Sr.,                                                   oseph A. Simpson.
Clarke R. Prouty, Fidel R. Rul, Jr.,
Chester H. Shaddeau, John F. South,                                                       OAO CORP.: Stephan R. Hammers
Ervin D. Summefield, Carollyn M.
Thompson and Eugene R. Zink.

   BENDIX: Beatrice M. Belovarich,
Matthew J. Belovarich, Robert J. Beno,
Harry B. Berman, Melissa L. Blizzard,
Richard R. Borucki, Wayne L. Cocayne,
H. Donald Correll, Edward G. Crough,
Simon A. Dumas, Wiliam T. Dunkin,
Edward J. Edwards, Alexander Green, Jr.,
Lawrence A. Haug, James F. Lifsey,
David L. Love, Everett L. Martin, Donald
T. Murray, Donald N. Potter, Joseph A.
Schmid, Richard W. Seeley, Josef W.
Segur, Pradeep Sinha, Herbert M. Small,
Joseph H. West, Daniel N. Yannuzzi; the
Antenna Engineering Team (Alois
Betmarik, Jr., Hermie A. Caballes,
Dhanalaksh Colundalur, Joseph J. Fiorino,
John A. Foschetti, Joseph Keim, Quat V.
Ngo, George L. Olsen, Larry Smith, and
Thomas E. Wise).
   Also, Mission Managers (Joseph M.                                                                           Joe Walters photo
Curley, Roger A. Hunter, Donald E.             ASTRONAUT AUTOGRAPH - Astronaut Bryan O'Connor signs his autograph for employees
Johnson, and John L. McAdory, Jr.)' Fault   children during Silver Snoopy Awards on December 7 at Goddard Space Flight Center.
Page Eight                                                                                                Goddard News       - January     1 s



     GODDARD MOURNS                                    Goddard Solicits Proposals For
                                                       Commercial Space Platform
                                                          In a move designed to attract              1988. Its primary objective will be to con-
                                                       commercial activity in space while simul-     duct a survey of the entire celestial sphere
                                                       taneously satisfying government needs,        (full-sky) in the extreme ultraviolet. The
                                                       officials at Goddard have asked industry      science payload will weigh 730 kg (1600
                                                       to develop a space platform for providing     lbs) .
                                                       five years of on-orbit services to NASA          The XTE will explore X-ray sources to
                                                       payloads and still allow the developer to     help scientists learn more about the
                                                       market to a wide variety of commercial        physical laws governing their behavior.
                                                       users.                                        The XTE payload will weigh between
                                                          In a departure from customary practices,   1500 and 2000 kg (3300-4400 Ibs).
                                                       industry would finance, develop, own and         The Micro-Gravity Payload carrier will
                                                       operate the platform.                         weigh 900 kg (2000 lbs) and will be used
                                                          The Request For Proposal (RFP) re-         to house micro-gravity experiments on
        Goddard retiree Daniel G . Mazur, 68,          leased by Goddard officials recently is       orbit for up to six months. The contractor
    died of a brain hemorrhage December 16 at          considered a major “first step” toward        will be required to maintain the zero-
    Holy Cross Hospital, Silver Spring, MD. He         creating a closer partnership between         gravity environment and to supply
    retired in 1973 as Associate Director of the
                                                       government and industry in space.             continuous power up to 2000 watts.
    Center’s Engineering Directorate and served
    in the Federal government for more than 32         Officials at Goddard described the action        As planned, the commerical platform
    years.                                             as a “pioneering effort that will allow       would be launched from either the shuttle
                                                       many payloads from different users to         or another launch vehicle into an orbit in
                                                       share the same platform, with the first use   space. In one possible scenario, payloads
    Director to Address                                in late 1988.”                                launched in the shuttle would be taken to
    Center Employees                                       As envisioned, the platform-which is      the platform, where the astronauts would
                                                       totally apart from NASA’s plans for a         remove the payload that had been aboard
       Center Director Noel W. Hinners                 government-developed permanent manned         the platform, install another payload and
    will speak to employees at the God-                space station-the commercial entrepre-        bring the payload which previously had
    dard Space Flight Center Visitor                   neur would be free to market the platform     been on the platform back to Earth.
    Center February 4 from 2 p.m. 3                -   services for materials processing or other
                                                       manufacturing type activities.
    p.m. on future Goddard activities.
       Specifically, Dr. Hjnners will                      However, the government stipulates that
                                                                                                     Presidential A ward
    discuss plans for the future, new ac-              the platform must be capable of providing     Presented To Center
    tivities and issues that concern                   services for three of NASA’s forthcoming
    employees. He also will answer                     projects-the Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer        Goddard Space Flight Center has
    questions after his presentation,                  (EUVE), the X-Ray Timing Explorer             received a Presidential Award for its 1985
    which will be aired on Goddard’s                    (XTE) and a Zero Gravity Payload-as          Combined Federal Campaign (CFC). With
    TV in the Building 3 and Building                   well as for a fourth as yet unidentified     99 percent of the pledges in, Goddard
    8 auditoriums and at the Wallops                    project.                                     personnel have contributed $26 1,250 to the
    Flight Facility, audience questions                    The EUVE will be a free flyer after its   1985 CFC. This represents 120 percent of
    will be entertained from all three                  deployment from the Space Shuttle on a       the Center’s goal of $215,000.
    locations, as will questions submit-                mission now scheduled for December               Another $3,340 was contributed on
    ted in advance of the program.                                                                   Central Maryland pledge cards. The
                                                                                                     combined total of 264,590 respresents an
                                                                                                     all-time Goddard record for giving. To
                                                                                                     qualify for the Presidential Award,
                                                                                                     organizations must have total contributions
                                                                                                     averaging $75 or more per employee.
Greanbelt. Maryland and Wallop8 I8land. Virplnll



The CODDARD NEWS is published monthly by the Office of Public Affairs, God-                            Mail your story t o the
dard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. 20771. Deadline for submitted material is                     Goddard News, or call the
two weeks before the date of publication.     For additional’information on articles
contained herein, contact the editor on (301) 344-8102. Editor: David W. Thomas                        Editor at                344-8 102

				
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