System Engineering Telemetry Process CC by sdsdfqw21

VIEWS: 57 PAGES: 53

									                 TMS
               18 January 2007

System Engineering Telemetry Process CC.
Welcome to TMS. TMS is the control software for the radio transponder system. TMS is
              installed on the computer with the base station radio.
Geographic Data you can use with TMS

TMS can use the following data formats for maps:

   •   ESRI ShapeFiles
   •   ARC/INFO Coverages
   •   SDE Layers
   •   CAD Files
   •   VPF Files
   •   StreetMap

ESRI ShapeFiles is the primary and preferred vector format for use with TMS.

ESRI ShapeFiles

ESRI Shapefiles use a simple, non-topological format for storing the geometric location
and attribute information of geographic features. Shapefiles can be created using the
following general methods:

Shapefiles can be created by exporting any data source to a shapefile using ARC/INFO®
, PC ARC/INFO® , Spatial Database EngineTM(SDETM), ArcView® GIS, or
BusinessMAPTM software.

·Shapefiles can be created directly by digitizing shapes using ArcView GIS feature
creation tools.

·Using AvenueTM (ArcView GIS), MapObjectsTM, ARC Macro Language (AMLTM)
(ARC/INFO), or Simple Macro Language (SMLTM) (PC ARC/INFO) software, you can
create shapefiles within your programs.

·You can write your own programs to create and write to Shapefiles, according to the
published specification.

The ESRI Shapefile format defines the geometry and attributes of geographically
referenced features in several files with specific file extensions that are stored in the same
folder on disk. These consist of a main file, an index file, and a dBase table. The main file
is a direct access, variable-record-length file in which each record describes a shape with
a list of its vertices. In the index file, each record contains the offset of the corresponding
main file record from the beginning of the main file. The dBase table contains feature
attributes with one record per feature. The one-to-one relationship between geometry and
attributes is based on record number. Attribute records in the dBase file are stored in the
same order as records in the main file. The main file, the index file, and the dBase file
have the same prefix and the following suffixes:

.shp - the file that stores the feature geometry.
.shx - the file that stores the index of the feature geometry.
.dbf - the dBase file that stores the attribute information of features.

Certain operations carried out on Shapefiles lead to the creation of other files with the
same prefix as the Shapefile components. Examples of this include geocoding, where the
BuildIndices method results in a new file with the suffix ‘.gcd’ and spatial indexing,
where the BuildIndex method creates two new files, with ‘.sbn’ and ‘.sbx’ suffixes. These
files are created in the same location as the Shapefile but are not essential and can be
safely ignored when copying data. However, it is advisable to preserve these extra files to
avoid the overhead of re-creating them. In general, applications should not assume the
existence of these files and, if necessary, be able to create them themselves. If you are
using particularly large shapefiles which require large amounts of memory, you may wish
to experiment with the MaxFIleBuffer property.

The Shapefile specification allows for shapes of the following types: Points, PolyLines,
Polygons, MultiPoints and MultiPatches. In addition, the specification allows for shapes
in three-dimensional coordinate space and the storage of measure values. MapObjects
does not have a geometric object equivalent to the MultiPatch shape type. Instead, when
reading a MultiPatch shape from a GeoDataset, MapObjects will convert it to a Polygon
object with each of its parts representing a part of the MultiPatch shape. The resulting
Polygon object behaves like any other Polygon object in MapObjects but cannot be
edited.

For information on the limitations of the dBase file, which may cause errors when calling
the AddGeoDataset method of a DataConnection, or the Export method of a Recordset,
click here.

ESRI provides a technical white paper called the ESRI Shapefile Technical Description
that provides all the technical information necessary for creating Shapefiles without the
use of MapObjects or other ESRI software. The paper is available in the Portable
Document Format (PDF) from http://www.esri.com/library/whitepapers/addl_lit.html
(click here to open this web page). ESRI also distributes paper copies of selected white
papers. In the United States, call 1-800-447-9778 (1-800-GIS-XPRT) or address E-mail
requests to info@esri.com.

ARC/INFO Coverages

ARC/INFO coverages are a topological data structure for geographic features. The
coverage format is suitable for spatial analysis and large geographic data management
applications. PC ARC/INFO coverages are similar to ARC/INFO coverages; however,
they have a different data structure that is based on a dBASE file format. See the
discussion on PC ARC/INFO Coverages.
ARC/INFO coverage format is one of the most popular and widely available spatial data
formats found in digital mapping and GIS applications.

SDE Layers
ESRI's Spatial Database Engine (SDE) is client/server software that enables spatial data
to be stored, managed, and quickly retrieved from leading commercial database
management systems like Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, Sybase, IBM DB2, and
Informix.
TMS can be used as a client for browsing, viewing, and querying SDE data. You can
perform advanced queries and spatial operations on SDE layers, such as analyzing
measured and three-dimensional shapes stored in SDE. You can also create custom
transactional applications for editing the attributes and geometry of SDE spatial columns.
For example, a transaction may include the retrieval of data from SDE, local editing of
that data, and then a commit back to the SDE database.

CAD Files

You can add CAD (Computer Aided Design) files to a Map as MapLayers in TMS. CAD
files are drawings produced by CAD systems like AutoCAD and MicroStation. CAD
files are a format often used in the construction, engineering and utilities industries, and
as such provide a useful source of geographic data.
CAD Drawings typically store a variety of entity types on layers. For example, a single
layer may contain graphics representing area features such as buildings, linear features
such as roads, and point features such as trees and telephone poles. CAD packages
generally do not restrict the way you store these entities on layers. In contrast, shapefiles
store only one type of feature in each file, either points, lines or polygons.

VPF Files

The Vector Product Format (VPF) is a standard format, structure, and organization for
large geographic databases that are based on a georelational data model. The VPF
databases are the U.S. Department of Defense Military Standard. The Defense Mapping
Agency (DMA) supplies VPF databases for digital vector products developed at a variety
of scales. VPF has also been adopted into an international spatial standard as the Digital
Geographic Information Exchange standard.

VPF data model

The VPF data model has five levels. At the lowest level, a VPF database consists of
geometric and cartographic primitives. A primitive is the smallest component of the VPF
data structure (primitives that are related to thematic information are called features).
Both features and primitives make up coverages, which in turn make up libraries; and
finally, a database is made up of libraries. Primitives are the VPF equivalent of ESRI’s
ARC/INFO coverage files (for example, arc, pal, and lab).

The VPF data structures are implemented using directories, tables, and indices.
Directories are the basic structural component of VPF databases. Each level of a VPF
database (for example, library, coverage, tile) is organized into a directory. VPF
directories are then arranged hierarchically from the database level. VPF data tables and
indices are hierarchically arranged within directories.
TMS supports the following VPF data structues as Geodatasets for MapLayers.

VPF table extensions                                       Feature Type
.aft                                                       Area Feature table
.lft                                                       Line Feature table
.pft                                                       Point Feature table
.tft                                                       Text Feature table

StreetMap

The StreetMap dataset consists of street and landmark data for the United States.
StreetMap street data with address range attributes is held in a compressed format known
as edge files (.edg). Landmark information is held in shapefile format. You can use the
StreetMap data to display USA streets and other geographic features on a seamless map,
symbolize the layers, and search by attribute or shape in similar ways as you would with
other vector data (see known issues). You can also geocode addresses anywhere in the
USA, and produce shapefiles of these geocoded locations.

Note: To enable use of StreetMap data in your application, a license code must be
purchased from ESRI, and applied with the EnableStreetMap method. You must also
contact ESRI for information on purchasing and redistributing the StreetMap dataset.
The street data provided on the ESRI Data and Maps CD-ROM for StreetMap is named
the EDGE database, an ESRI proprietary compressed shape and attribute database
format. The street data provided in this CD was derived from GDT's Dynamap 1000
street database.

On the ESRI Data and Maps for StreetMap CD-ROM, you will find the EDGE data from
the "Streets" folder. The files are named in the format of <state abbreviation>.edg, for
example "ak.edg" for Alaska streets. The street data are organized by state. A special file,
"usa.edg", is provided for accessing files for all the states.


Georeferenced Images

Supported Image Formats

You can display georeferenced images in a variety of formats in your TMS You can use
any of the following supported image formats, provided it has georeferencing information
in its header or there is a corresponding world file.

ARC/INFO Grid                                                hdr.adf
ADRG
Arc Digitised Raster Graphic                                 *.img, *.ovr, *.l
ASRP/USRP
DIGEST ASRP, A NATO Military format            *.img, *.ovr, *.l
BIL
Band interleaved by line multiband images      *.bil
BIP
Band interleaved by pixel multiband images     *.bip
BMP
Windows bitmap                                 *.bmp, *.dib
BSQ
Band sequential multiband images               *.bsq
CADRG
Compressed Arc Digitised Raster Graphics       *.*
CIB
Controlled Image Base                          *.*
CRP
Compressed Raster Product (Military GeoTIFF)   *.tif
ERDAS IMAGINE                                  *.gis, *.lan
GeoTIFF
TIFF with a Geo header                         *.tif, *.tff, *.tiff
GIF
Graphics Interchange Format                    *.gif
Image Catalogs
Image catalog (collection of images)           *.*
IMPELL RLC
Run-length compressed files                    *.rlc
JFIF
JPEG                                           *.jpg, *.jpeg
MrSID
Multi-Resolution Seamless Image Database       *.sid
NITF
National Imagery Transfer Format               *.ntf
Sun rasterfiles                                *.rs, *.ras; *.sun
SVF
Single Variable File                           *.svf
TIFF
Tagged Image File Format                       *.tif, *.tff, *.tiff
Georeferencing Image Layers

Vector data in MapLayers exists in a real-world or map coordinate system, measured,
typically, in feet or meters. The x-coordinates increase from left to right and the y-
coordinates increase from the bottom to the top. This is quite different from a raster
image represented by an ImageLayer. A raster image is organized and measured by rows
and columns. Each cell has a row number and a column number. If the origin is located in
the upper left corner of the data, that cell would be identified as row 1, column 1.

For MapLayers and ImageLayers to be displayed simultaneously, the rows and columns
of the image must be mapped into the x,y plane of a map coordinate system. An image-
to-world transformation that converts the image coordinates to map coordinates must be
established. Some image formats store georeferencing information in the file header of
the image or, in the case of images that do not contain this georeferencing information,
facilities exist in TMS for creating a file that contains the necessary transformation
parameters. The file that contains the transformation parameters is called a world file.
The world file takes precedence over any header information.

About the world file

The image-to-world transformation is a six parameter affine transformation of the form:

x' = Ax + By + C
y' = Dx + Ey + F

where

x'                                                    = calculated x-coordinate of the
pixel on the map
y'                                                    = calculated y-coordinate of the
pixel on the map
x                                                     = column number of a pixel in
the image
y                                                     = row number of a pixel in the
image
A                                                     = x-scale, dimension of a pixel
in map units in the x-direction
D,B                                                   = rotation terms. Note: Not
supported for this release.
E                                                     = y-scale (this value is always
negative, because image space is top-down, whereas map space is bottom-up)
C                                                     = translation term; x-Origin (x-
coordinate of the center of the upper left pixel)
F                                                     = translation term; y-Origin (y-
coordinate of the center of the upper left pixel)
The transformation parameters are stored in the world file, an ASCII format, in this order,
A, D, B, E, C, F; for example:

2.22123393184959                                             A
0.00000000000000                                             D
0.00000000000000                                             B
-2.22123393184959                                            E
10383.13600759092515                                         C
11611.48117990907485                                         F
Note that the parameter characters are included in the example for clarity. They do not
actually appear in the file.
If a world file is not present and there is no georeferencing information in the header of
the image, a default mapping is still provided between image space and map space. TMS
makes the origin of the image (-0.5, -0.5), and sets the X and Y scale factors both to 1.0
(as the center of the bottom right pixel should be at (0,0).
If you want to display a non-georeferenced image on a portion of your map, supply the
georeferencing world file yourself, and make sure it maps the image to the portion of the
map that you want.

World file naming conventions

The world file associated with an image is named by following the conventions in the
table below. For example, if you have an image that's stored in a file named
myimage.bmp, then the world file associated with it must be named myimage.bmpw or
myimage.bpw.


If the file extension of the image is                     the world file extension must be
bmp                                                       bmpw or bpw
jpg; jpeg                                                 jpgw or jgw
tif; tff; tiff                                            tfw
gis                                                       gsw
lan                                                       lnw
bil                                                       blw
bip                                                       bpw
bsq                                                       bqw
sid                                                       sdw
sun                                                       snw
rs; ras                                                   rsw
rlc
rcw
Printing
To print a map, click on the “Print” button on the toolbar…




Or click on “Print” in the File pull-down menu…




The following screen will appear:




TMS always prints to the default printer. To change the default printer, please refer to
your Windows documentation. From this screen you may select a paper orientation –
landscape for horizontal printing or portrait for vertical printing. Click on “Printer Setup”
to access the printer configuration screen. If you need to print the map at a certain scale,
click on the “Print to Scale” tab:
Type in the desired scale in the text box and TMS will print according to that scale. If the
scale does not fit on the paper, TMS will warn you.

TMS will print the map as you see it on the main screen.
Map Properties



To access the map properties page, click on the “Map Properties” button on the toolbar.
The following window will appear:




From here you can add a map layer by clicking on the “Add Layer” button. You can also
add SDE layers by clicking on the “Add SDE Layer” button. Please refer to the section
“Geographic data you can use with TMS” for information on MapLayers.

To export the map to a file, or to copy the map to the Windows clipboard, click on
“Export Map”. The following window will appear:




From here you can select the file format (BMP or EMF), or you can select to copy the
map to the Windows clipboard. On the next text box, click on the button labeled “..” to
select a file and folder where the image will be stored (in the case of a BMP or EMD). In
the next text box, you can choose a scale factor. This will determine the output resolution
of the image.
Find Map Features

To search for map features, such as a road, click on the “Find” button on the toolbar:




Or select “Find Map Feature” from the Find pull-down menu.




The following screen will appear:




Enter a string to search for in the first text box. Then select the layers you wish to search
in the next list box. You can select them all by clicking the “Select All” button, or
deselect them all by clicking the “Select None” button. If you would like the search to
look only for strings that match the case you used, check the “Match Case” check box.
Click on “Find” to perform the search. The search results will be displayed on the grid
below. Select the correct search result by clicking on the appropriate row in the grid.
Then click “Highlight” to make the selected map feature flash 3 times. Click “Insert Pin”
to draw a marker on top of the selected map feature. Click “Pan To” to center the selected
map feature on the map and “Zoom To” to zoom to the selected map feature.
Zooming

You have various zoom options available in TMS. The zoom options can be found the
toolbar:




Or on the Layers pull-down menu:




Here is a summary of the various zoom options:

   •   Zoom In – Use this option to increase magnification or scale of the map. Click on
       this button and then draw a rectangle on the area of the map you wish to zoom
       into.
   •   Zoom Out – Use this option to decrease magnification or scale of the map. Click
       on this button and then click on the area of the map you wish to zoom out.
   •   Zoom To Active Theme – This will zoom the map to the extent of the active map
       layer (i.e. the map layer currently highlighted in the map legend).
   •   Zoom Previous – This is basically an “undo” for zoom. It reverts to the previous
       zoom.
   •   Full Extent – This zooms out all the way to display all loaded map layers.
Panning

You can pan around the map, or in other words move the map around, by clicking on the
“Pan” button on the toolbar:




Or by clicking on “Pan” in the Layers pull-down menu:




Once you clicked on this button, simply click on the map and
hold down the left mouse button. Then drag the mouse to move
the map. Release the left mouse button once you have moved
the map to the desired position. You can also move the map
around by using the scroll bars to the right and beneath the
main map window. Or, if you have a mouse with a scroll-wheel,
you can use this as well.
Identify

Use the identify tool to identify map features. To use this tool, click the “Identify” button
on the toolbar:




Or select “Identify” from the Edit pull-down menu:




Once selected, click anywhere on the map to identify any map feature. The selected
feature will flash 3 times and the following window will appear:
This window show you all the fields from that map feature. Please note that there could
be ambiguity if there are more than one map layer loaded in TMS. In that case, the
identify tool will let you know how many features it found in the area where you clicked,
and you will be able to select from the drop-down list which feature you’re interested in.
At the bottom of this window, you can also see the name and type of the layer.
Measure

You can measure distances and angles on the map by clicking on the “Measure” button
on the toolbar:




Or by selecting “Measure” from the View pull-down menu:




Then click once on the map to selecting your starting point. Double-click somewhere else
on the map to select your end point. The following screen will then appear:




This screen tells you the angle of the line you drew with respect to true north, as well as
the length of the line in kilometers, miles and nautical miles.
Map Grid

To turn the map grid on or off, click on the “Map Grid” button on the toolbar:




Or click on “Map Grid” in the View pull-down menu:




The map grid will appear as follows:
Click on the arrow next to the “Grid” button in the toolbar to access additional options:




You can alternate between half-by-half degree or degree-by-degree grid layout. You can
also locate a certain grid cell by clicking on “Locate” from this menu:




From here, select the latitude and longitude of the block you are looking for and click the
“Locate” button. If you wish to locate a specific quadrant of the block, select which
quadrant (A, B, C, or D) from the bottom drop-down list. You can also label the grid by
clicking on “Configure” from this same menu. The following window will appear:
Spatial Select

The Spatial select tool allows you to select map features and convert them to new
ShapeFiles. To use this tool, click the “Spatial Select” button on the toolbar:




Or select “Spatial Select” from the Edit pull-down menu:




The following window will appear:
From here, select which layer you want to work with from the first drop-down list. Then
select a selection tool from the next drop-down list. For example, you can choose to
select map features using a dot, a line, a rectangle, an ellipse or a polygon. Finally, select
a selection criteria from the third drop-down list. For example, if using a line, you can let
TMS select all map features that that line crosses, or else only map features that fully
contain the line. Once your selection has been performed, you can clear the selection by
clicking the “Clear Selection” button, or you can save the selected map features as a new
ShapeFile map by clicking the “Convert the selected set into a new shapefile” button.
This will then prompt you for a file name and path. Once saved, the new map layer will
automatically be loaded into TMS.
Map Legend
You can bring up the map legend by clicking on the “Map Legend” button on the toolbar:




Or select “Legend” from the Edit pull-down menu:




The map legend will appear on the left hand side of TMS:




 This legend shows all the currently loaded map layers. It shows each layer’s name. It
also shows the type of layer (point, line or polygon layer), color, fill and line thickness by
displaying a little picture just beneath the layer name. Also, it shows which layers are
visible and which ones are not with a little check box to the left of the layer name. And
finally, it displays the order of the layers. The layers at the top of the legend are drawn at
the top on the map window.

You can also control your map layers from the legend. Firstly, you can make map layer
visible or invisible by clicking the little check box to the left of the layer name. Secondly,
you can move the order of the layers by dragging the layers around in the legend. Simply
click on a layer and hold down the mouse button, then drag the layer to a new position
(up or down) and release the mouse button when the layer is in the desired position. You
can also right click on a layer to get extra options. The following context menu will
appear:




From this menu you can do the following:

   •   Zoom In
   •   Zoom Out
   •   Zoom To Active Layer
   •   Zoom out to full extent
   •   Pan

These are the same as the zoom/pan options on the toolbar. Please refer to them for
further help.

From this menu, you can also set the scale factors. Scale factors are used to show or hide
map layers depending on the zoom level. For example, can have a layer that only appears
at a specific zoom, or disappears when zooming out to a specific level. To select the
maximum scale that a layer should be visible at, zoom to the desired scale and click “Set
Maximum Scale”. Now that layer will only be visible when zooming in past that scale.
To select the minimum scale that a layer should be visible at, zoom to the desired scale
and click “Set Minimum Scale”. Now that layer will only be visible when zooming out
past that scale.

From this menu you cal also add and remove map layers, and bring up the legend editor.
This is equivalent to double-clicking on a layer and is explained in the Legend Editor
section.
Overview Map
You can bring up the overview map by clicking on the “Overview” button on the toolbar:




Or select “Overview Map” from the Edit pull-down menu:




The overview map will appear on the bottom-right corner of TMS.




The overview map shows the full extent of all the map layers loaded. You cannot zoom
or pan on this map. However, it does show you what part of the map you are viewing in
the main map window by drawing a red rectangle on the overview map. You will notice
that as you pan around the map, the red rectangle on the overview map moves
accordingly. Alternatively, you can move the red rectangle on the overview map to pan to
that same location on the main map window.
Scale Bar
You can bring up the scale bar map by clicking on the “Scale Bar” button on the toolbar:




Or select “Scale Bar” from the Edit pull-down menu:




The scale bar will appear at the bottom of TMS:




This bar shows the current scale by showing you how long a certain length is on the map.
You can change the units between kilometers, meters, miles or feet by clicking on the
appropriate option buttons to the right of the scale bar. It also shows you how much one
inch on the map represents.
Placemarks

You can set “placemarks” on your map, which are basically “bookmarks” for areas of
interest. If there is an area you would like to mark so that you can quickly go to it in the
future, you simply add a placemark at that location. To open the Placemarks screen, click
on the “Placemarks” button on the toopbar:




The following screen will appear:




In the above example, there are two placemarks. To add a new placemark, click the
“Add” button, the click on the map where you would like to place the placemark. It will
ask you to give it a name and an optional description. Once you do that, the placemark
will be added to the list of available placemarks. To delete a placemark, simply selected
from the list of placemarks and click the “Del” button. If you do not wish to view the
placemarks on the map, you can turn them off by unticking the “Show” toggle button.
You can control the appearance of the placemarks by clicking the “Opt” button.
Deleting Graphics

Above all the map layers, there is a special layer called the Tracking Layer (some GIS
programs also call it the “cosmetic layer”). This layer is transparent, and TMS uses this
layer to draw GPS fixes, trails, database plots, placemarks and other graphics. You can at
any time delete all the graphics on the tracking layer by pressing the “Delete” button on
the toolbar:




You can also specifically delete only certain graphics by clicking on the little arrow next
to the toolbar button:




(In this list, the word “Active” refers to the users which are selected in the users list).
Database

You can open any Microsoft Access database file in TMS. Once open, you can view the
data, add or delete records, sort, filter and search data, and, if the table has lat and long
information, you can also plot the data on the map. To open a database, click the
“Database” button on the toolbar:




You can then open an Access database by clicking the “Open” button. You will have to
choose a table from the database to open, and once that it done the table will be displayed
in a grid as follows:




At the bottom of the screen is the navigation buttons (In order, move to first record, move
to previous record, move to next record and move to last record). Between these buttons
you can see how many records (i.e. rows) are in the table, as well as which row you are
currently in. You can add a new row by clicking the “Add” button. You can then type in
values for that new row in the grid itself. Once done, simply move to another record to
save the values. You can delete a row by selecting it on the grid and clicking the “Delete”
button.
You can search for a value by clicking the “Find” button. The following screen will
appear:




From here you can select which field (column) the value you are looking for is in, and
you can type the actual value you’re looking for. Click the “Find’ button to start the
search.

You can also filter out records based on certain criteria. To do this, click the “Filter”
button. The following screen will appear:




From this screen, you can select which field (column) you want to filter on, and then
select your filter criteria. For example, in a table of employees, you could make a filter to
only view all employees who’s salary is above R5,000 by selecting the “Salary” field
(column), the selecting the “is greater than” function in the next drop down list, and
typing “5000” in the textbox. Then you click the “OK” button to perform the filter. In the
above scenario, you would then see only those employees who’s salaries is above R5,000
(assuming there are any). To reset the filter (i.e. to remove the filter), click the “Reset”
button.

You can get some basic statistics on the data by clicking the “Statistics” button. The
following screen will appear:
From here, you simply select which field (column) you would like statistics on and it will
give you the following statistics for all the records (rows) in that field:

   •   Minimum value (Min)
   •   Maximum value (Max)
   •   Total number of values (Count)
   •   The sum of all the values (Sum)
   •   The average value (Average)
   •   The variance in the values (Variance)
   •   The standard deviation of the values (Std. Dev.)

You can plot all the rows on the map to graphically view them on the map by clicking the
“Plot” button. For this to work, the table you have opened has to have a Latitude and a
Longitude field (column). When you click this button, the following screen appears:




From here, you must use the first two drop down lists to select which field (column)
contains the latitude and the longitude coordinate values. TMS will try to take an
educated guess. From the third drop down list you can select an opitonal field which has
a primary key (i.e. unique values). This will allow you to get information on each plot
later on by clicking on the plot. The fourth drop down list allows you to select an optional
field to use as labels for the plots. On the right hand side of the screen, you must select in
which format the latitude and longitude coordinate values are. Your three options are
•   Deg-Min-Sec (1 field): Use this if your coordinate values are in degrees – minutes
    - seconds format all in one field.
•   Deg-Min-Sec (3 field): Use this if your coordinate values are in degrees – minutes
    – seconds format, each one in a different field.
•   Decimal Degrees: Use this if your coordinate values are in decimal degrees (e.g. -
    25.456243)

On the next two checkboxes just below, you can select if the latitude or the longitude
coordinates should be negated (i.e. the sign changed, or in other words, multiplied by
negative one). In other words, this will change a coordinate such as -25.123 to
25.123, and a coordinate of 28.456 to -28.456. This is because sometimes the sign of
the coordinate is mistakenly excluded from the coordinate, or it might be in a separate
field.
Ratio Scale:
The ratio scale shows you at what map ratio you are currently on. This is found at the
very left of the status bar at the bottom of the main screen:




Coordinates:
The coordinates shows the latitude and longitude (Y and X respectively) of the point on
the map where your mouse cursor is. This is found to the right of the Ratio Scale at the in
the status bar at the bottom of the main screen:
Fix Tips
You can bring up information on any tracked user on the map by turning on “Fix Tips”
on the status bar at the bottom of the main screen:




Then when you hover the mouse cursor over a tracked user on the map, a tooltip will
appear with all the information regarding that user at that point in time as such:
Map Tips
You can bring up information on any map feature (such as road name) by turning on
“Map Tips” on the status bar at the bottom of the main screen:




From the drop down list to the right, select which map layer you wish to get information
on, and then from the following drop down list select which information in specific
(which field) you want. Then when you hover the mouse cursor over a map feature such
as a road, a tooltip will appear with the selected field value:
Calendar
You can bring up a calendar by clicking on the time area in the status bar at the bottom of
the main screen:




The following screen will appear, with today’s date circled in red.




Use the left and right arrow buttons to navigate sequentially through the different months.
Alternatively, you can click on the month name to go to a specific month. Click on the
year to change the year. A little up-down arrow will appear next to it which you can use
to scroll through the years. Click on today’s date at the bottom to go back to the current
month and year.
Tracking
You can track the users of your radio transponder units using the section on the main
screen shown below:




The first thing to make sure is that your base station radio transponder is plugged into
your computer. If the port on your computer is open, the port light will be on (shown
above as a red light). If it is not, click on it to open your computer’s port. If it can’t be
opened, you must probably select the correct port number first. You can do this from the
“Options” menu as shown below:




Once the screen opens, click on the “Port Config” tab as show below:
Make sure that in the “Base Station” panel, you have the correct port selected, as well as
the rest of the communications parameters.

Back to this screen:




The list displays all of your users with the unit that they are currently using in brackets.
To the right of the list is the icon will has been allocated to that user. To view it in big
left-click on the icon and hold the mouse button down. To the right of that is the alarms
indicator. If a user has triggered an alarm, the alarm checkbox next to that user will be
checked. Alarms can be raised for any of these reasons:

   •   User pressed the panic button (SOS).
   •   The unit’s battery is low.
   •   The radio attached to the unit has been disconnected.
   •   The user has exceeded the speed limit.
   •   The user has left a confinement area.
   •   The user has entered a restricted area.

From the list of users, tick the ones you would like to track. If the user is not shown, he
might be on a different group. You can view different groups from the “Group” drop
down list just above the users list. To add or delete users or groups, please view the
“Users’ and “Groups” sections of this manual.

Once you’ve ticked the users you want to check, click the button circled above. The
following screen will appear:




From this screen you can click the “Track” button to begin tracking. The base station
radio transponder will request the first of the selected user’s units for its position. When
this data arrives, it will be plotted on the map (and the map will move to this area if auto
tracking is enabled) and then it will proceed to request the location of the next user’s unit
you have selected (if there are any). On the top of the screen, you will see which user and
unit is currently being tracked, as well as a status report. You can stop tracking at any
point by clicking the “Stop” button. You can also skip the currently tracked user and
track the next selected user by clicking the “Skip User” button.

You can make TMS track the selected users at regular intervals by clicking the
“Recurrence” button. The screen will expand to show the following:
From here, you can select every how many days, hours, minutes and seconds TMS
should request the location of the selected users. Simply tick the “Recurrence” checkbox
and click the “Track” button to start. If you wish to stop simply untick the “Recurrence”
checkbox.

You can view a history of the tracking status reports by clicking the “Report” button. The
screen will expand to show the following:




Here, you will be able to see which units were successfully tracked, or who’s tracking
failed, with a reason and timestamp.
Users

You can add or delete users from the database by clicking the “Users” button on the
toolbar:




The following screen will appear:




You can add a new user by clicking the “Add” button, filling in all the fields, and then
clicking the “Update” button to commit the changes, or the “Cancel” button to cancel the
changes. You can delete a user by clicking the “Delete” button. To edit a user’s details,
just modify the appropriate fields and click the “Update” button. You can switch between
users by using the arrow buttons on the left of the toolbar. From left to right, these
buttons take you to the first user, previous user, next user and last user.
Just a few notes:
    • The “Unit ID” field (the drop down in the “Transponder Details” panel) is the ID
        number of the unit that user is using.
    • The “Group” field (also a drop down in that same panel) is which group this user
        belongs to.
    • The “Symbol” drop down in the “Visuals” panel is he icon that this user will be
        shown with on the map. You can also adjust the icon’s size and colour.
Units

You can add or delete units from the database by clicking the “Units” button on the
toolbar:




The following screen will appear:




You can add a new unit by clicking the “Add” button, typing in the new unit’s ID and
optional description in the last row of the grid, and then clicking the “Update” button to
commit the changes, or the “Cancel” button to cancel the changes. You can delete a unit
by selecting the appropriate row from the grid and clicking the “Delete” button. To edit a
unit, just modify the appropriate row and click the “Update” button.
Groups

You can add or delete groups from the database by clicking the “Groups” button on the
toolbar:




The following screen will appear:




You can add a new group by clicking the “Add” button, typing in the new group’s name
and optional description in the last row of the grid, and then clicking the “Update” button
to commit the changes, or the “Cancel” button to cancel the changes. You can delete a
group by selecting the appropriate row from the grid and clicking the “Delete” button. To
edit a group, just modify the appropriate row and click the “Update” button.
Replay

You can playback a log by clicking the “Replay Log” button on the toolbar:




The following screen will appear:




From this screen, you can select a user who’s log you want to play from the “Users”
listbox. You can select more than one user if you wish. Then select a date and time from
the calendar of what part of the log you wish to play back. You can drag the mouse
across the dates on the calendar to select the range of the playback. Use the playback
buttons underneath the slider to start/stop or pause the playback. The slider allows you to
control the speed of the playback – leave in the centre for realtime playback, or slide to
the left for slower playback or to the right for faster playback. The progress slider shows
you were in the playback you are. You can move this slider to jump to any position on
the playback. Beneath the progress slider you can see all the information logged by the
unit.
Downloading Logged Data from a Unit
You can download logged data from a unit by clicking the “Download” button on the
toolbar:




The following screen will appear:




If you are downloading over the USB port, simply plug the unit to your PC and click the
“Download” button. This will download the entire contents of the memory. If there are
any duplicate values, they will not be stored. The Status section will show you the
progress of the download. Once the download is complete, you can view the download in
a grid by clicking the “View Download” button, or you can play back the download by
clicking the “Play Download” button. If you wish to plot the values on the map as they
are being downloaded, tick the “Realtime Plot” checkbox. If you wish to download data
from a unit over the air instead of over the USB port, tick the “Over Air” checkbox.
When you do this, the screen will expand to look as follows:




You must select a user or a unit to download from from the first line of drop down lists.
Then select a date and time from the next drop down lists. Once you’ve selected the date,
click the “>> Get Page >>” button. This will get the page in the unit’s log where the
selected date and time is found. If it is not found you will be told. Once you have the
page number, you can download that page by clicking the “Download” button. A page
contains 44 records of data. You can then download more pages by continuing to press
the “Download” button. The page number will auto-increment after every successful page
download. If you want to know what the current page is that the unit is busy logging to,
you can click the “Get Current Page” button. Once the page number is obtained, you can
download that page as usual (by clicking the “Download” button).
Auto-Centering
You can have TMS automatically centre on the selected user by clicking the “Auto-
Tracking” button on the toolbar:




The following screen will appear:




Make one of the following selections:

   •   Never Auto Center – TMS will never centre on anyone, even if the tracked user is
       outside the screen.
   •   Auto Center at map borders – TMS will centre on a user only if he is outside of
       the screen.
   •   Always Auto center on selected users – TMS will always centre the selected
       users, even if they is within the screen. In other words, the selected users will
       always be in the centre of the screen. This is only for users that are selected in the
       users list on the main screen. Any users not selected will not be centred.
   •   Auto center selected units at map border - TMS will centre on a user only if he is
       outside of the screen, and only if he is selected in the users list on the main screen.
   •   Always Autocenter everybody – TMS will always centre on everybody at all
       times.

You can centre on the highlighted user (in the user’s list on the main screen) by clicking
the first button labeled “Center on selected user now”. You can view everywhere a user
has been by clicking the second button labeled “Zoom to selected user’s entire trail”. It
will make sure that all the trails left behind by the highlighted user fit in the screen. You
can view where everyone has been by clicking the third button labeled “Zoom to all
user’s entire trail”. TMS will make sure that all trails by any user are visible on the
screen.
Calibrating a Raster Map
You can use raster maps in TMS. They just need to be is calibrated, also called
georeferenced, in the World File format. This is just a simple text file that tells TMS the
coordinates of the map so that it knows where to load it. You can calibrate a raster image
by clicking on “Calibrate Raster” on the “Tools” pull down menu as shown below:




The following screen will appear:
From here, you load the image you wish to calibrate by clicking the “Load Image” button
and browsing for the file. Once loaded, you will see it on the screen. Click on the little
button labeled “…” in the “User Input” panel, and then click on a point on the image
which you know the coordinates of. You will see a red circle will appear where you click
and the “Point 1” X and Y pixels textbox will get populated with the pixel coordinate of
that point. Next to the pixel coordinates textbox, type in the latitude and longitude (Y and
X respectively) of that point. Do the same for the second point by clicking the button
labeled “…” next to the “Point 2” X and Y pixels textbox. Once done, click the
“Calibrate” button. The image is now calibrated. You can now load it into TMS as you
would load any other image. Just remember that you will be loading a raster file now
(such as a TIF), not a vector file (such as a ShapeFile), so you must select the correct file
type from the file type drop down list on the “Open File” dialog box when loading the
map layer.

								
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