What a dairy farm is all about

Document Sample
What a dairy farm is all about Powered By Docstoc
					 The Importance of Dairy
Farming and How It Effects
   Our Every Day Life
  Featuring Property of R.E AND C.J BARTZ LOWOOD QLD




             By Jessica Archibald
                Lets get started
Hi I’m Jess
 I’m in yr 9
   and I am
  15 yrs old.
I do Ag at
    Mullum
      High
    I am
   studying
   the dairy
   industry.
         Why dairying matters?
To answer the
 questions:
   ‘Why dairy farming
  matters and why it
  is important to
  every day life’ I
  went to visit a dairy
  farm to find out
  what’s involved.
 I’ve always
  wondered how
  milk gets from a
  cow to my kitchen
  table.
             The Farm
Come with
 me to
 check out
 a dairy
 farm.
      The process of milking.
• The
  cows are
  rounded
  up to the
  dairy for
  milking.
              The dairy
• Cows
  are let
  into both
  sides to
  be
  milked.
• This is a
  Herring
  Bone
  system
            Milking
• suction
  cups
  are put
  on the
  cows
  udders
  to get
  the
  milk
  out.
                   Milking cont…
• After all the milk
  has been
  sucked out of
  the cows udder
  the cups are
  taken off and
  the cows teats
  are sprayed
  with a
  disinfectant to
  prevent
  infection.
Good Hygiene
          • After the
            whole row of
            cows have
            been milked
            and had their
            teats sprayed
            they are let
            out and the
            next lot of
            cows are
            brought in.
                Cleaning Up
• After all
  the cows
  have been
  milked, the
  dairy is
  then
  washed
  out and
  the milk
  lines
  cleaned.
Wondering
where all the
milk is now?
                 Milk Vat
• It is stored
  in the
  refrigerated
  vats until
  the milk
  truck
  arrives to
  collect it.
• The dairy after the milking is finished.
Why do breeds
 matter in the
dairy industry?
        Breeds of Dairy Cattle
Good breeding matters because you want good
quality milk and lots of it so you just can’t milk any
random cow.

• Some breeds are:
  – Jersey
  – Holstein Friesian
  – Brown Swiss
  – Guernsey
  – Illawarra
  – Ayrshire
                  Jersey
• This is a
  jersey and
  she can
  produce a
  higher level
  of butter fat
  and protein
  in her milk
  than other
  breeds.
           Holstein Friesian
• This is a Holstein
  Friesian who has
  the capacity to
  produce more
  milk that all the
  other breeds.
                 Brown Swiss
• This is a Brown
  Swiss.
• This breed
  originated from
  Switzerland
• They are not as
  common in Australia
  as other breeds.
                  Guernsey
• This is a
  Guernsey
  bull.

• Guernsey’s
  are similar
  to Jerseys
  but are a lot
  bigger.
                  Illawarra
•This is an
Australian
Illawarra dairy
heifer

•Illawarra’s
originated in
the Illawarra
region of NSW
from three
different
breeds.
                     Ayrshire
•   This breed
    originated in
    South-west
    Scotland
•   They are
    medium-sized
    and white
    mixed with red
    or brown in
    colour..



    Ayrshire Bull
NEXT STOP THE PASTURES
• Pastures are
  an important
     part of
   dairying as
  cows need to
   eat, and the
      grass
  provides the
 energy for the
 cows to make
       milk.
The farmers usually grow other types of
grasses like rye, oats, Lucerne or corn to
 help improve the quality and quantity of
           milk cows produce.
  Ryegrass is perfect for winter
• This is rye
  grass and is
  a good
  winter feed.

• A lot of
  grasses
  don’t grow in
  winter and
  can be
  effected by
  frost.
 Lucerne is very water efficient
             but…
• Grazing on
  Lucerne
  has to be
  carefully
  monitored,
  cows can
  bloat and
  die.
      Like this cow
• .
                  Winter feed
If you haven’t
       much
    grass you
   will need to
    supply the
    cows with
   some other
     type of
     forage.
     Like this
    barley hay
         .
     Forage for the dry times
This barley hay
    is cut and
  stored in the
  hay shed for
  winter, when
  pasture is in
  short supply.
• If have access to water you can irrigate
  your pastures to supplement rainfall.
           Time Consuming
Irrigating can be hard work and includes:

• Moving pipes
• Finding a water source
• Remembering to turn off the water if it’s
  not on an automatic timer.
              Types of Irrigators
• There are different
  types of irrigation
  systems eg: spray
  lines, boom irrigators,
  centre point pivot,
  lateral mover, hard
  hose, soft hose.

• This is a spray line
  irrigator
The calves
• Calves are
  taken off
  their mothers
  within the
  first week
  they are born
  and hand
  raised.
Why?
• The calves are
  quieter to
  handle when
  they get older

• Their mothers
  produce more
  milk than the
  calf can drink.

• So they don't
  get in the road
  when their
  mothers are
  being milked
• This calf is
  one day
  old.

• It has to be
  taught how
  to suck
  from a
  bucket

• You do this
  by putting
  your fingers
  in the milk
  and letting
  the calf
  suck from
  them.
              Fast learners
• In no time at all they’re drinking from the
  buckets.
What else is left
 to do on the
    farm?
Lets take a
    look
                 Jobs to be done
As well as milking the cows, rearing the calves and looking
  after pastures there is also:

   •   fences to be maintained

   • Cows to be vaccinated, ear tagged, de-horned …

   • Driving tractors and using different machinery

   •   water troughs and yards to clean out

   • The training and care for working dogs (if you choose to have
     them)
                     Fencing
• Fences are
  very important
  for keeping the
  cows in or out.

•    If the fences
    are down or
    broken, they
    need to
    repaired
    straight away.
               Vaccination
• Cows need to be
  vaccinated to
  lesson the risk of
  getting serious
  diseases and
  conditions like for
  tick fever in QLD.
• Ear tagging is
  important so
  you can easily
  identify cows
  apart from
  each other
  and so you
  know what
  cow is what.
  It’s kind of like
  naming cows
  with numbers
      Dehorning & Disbudding
• Horns are
  usually
  removed when
  they are calves.
• Cows with
  horns can be
  dangerous and
  cause injuries
  to other cows
  or people.
                      Machinery
• Tractors and
  machines are very
  important on the farm
  and are used for a
  variety of different
  things; from sowing
  and ploughing
  paddocks to lifting
  and carrying heavy
  objects like tree
  stumps.
             Dogs and Farming
• Working dogs
  are good pets
  and make the
  herding of cows
  easier.
• You can either
  train them
  yourself (which
  is lots of fun) or
  buy one that is
  already trained.
               Water for cows
• Water troughs
  need cleaning
  out to get rid of
  all the algae,
  scunge and
  grass dropped in
  the water.

• This is important
  as cows need
  clean water to
  stay healthy
                 Drenching
• Cleaning out yards and pens is another job that
  has to be done because poo has E coli, worms
  and parasites in it.

• If a cow eats a parasite they can breed in the
  cows intestine and make the cow sick.

• Regular drenching of the cows is important to.
       Farming is a busy lifestyle
• Wow!
  there's a lot
   more to dairy
   farming than
   what I thought.

• Lets take a
  look at the
  social,
  environmental
  and economic
  implications.
                Economy
Australia makes a lot of money by exporting
 milk products to other countries.

• Australia exports around 50% of its
  milk production each year and the
  other 50% is keep in Australia.

• With good economic growth prospects
  increasing demand for dairy products.
          Employment

• The dairy industry creates many
  different jobs, not just for the dairy
  farmers
• For every person employed in the
  dairy industry another 4 jobs are
  created in the community.
What kind of
 jobs are
  there?
             Types of jobs
There are:

•   Vets
•   Farm hands
•   Truck drivers
•   Farm managers
•   Manufactures
•   Factory workers
But wait
 there's
  more
• Dairy Scientists
• Dairy Technologists
• Marketing Personnel
• Occupational Health and Safety
  Managers
• Microbiologists
Any of those
interest you?
          Farm to Fridge
• Hey! Remember all that milk in the vat?
  Here’s the truck driver to pick it up and
  take it to the factory for processing.
                      At the factory
• At the factory milk is
  tested, pasteurized
    (kills bacteria),
  homogenised ( to
  prevent the cream
  separating and settling
  on top).

• Milk is then sent
  through a processing
  line and bottled.

• Milk is then
  transported in
  refrigerated trucks to
  supermarkets and
  other shops.
                           Products
The dairy industry provides us with
  many different products, not just
  milk.

Items that contain milk products:
• Flavoured milk, Condensed
   milk, Butter, Yogurt, Cheese,
   Cream, Chocolate, chips ,
   cakes, biscuits and many packet
   and processed foods to give
   that extra yummy flavour.

•   most importantly without milk
    we would have no ice-cream!
                     Environment
•   Most dairy farmers live on
    their farm so they care for
    the land, water and air.

•   Rain water is used for
    crops, and to fill dams.

•   After milking, the dairy is
    washed out and all the
    cow poo goes into a tank
    and is spread as a
    fertiliser.

•   Farm facilities must follow
    and meet Government
    and environmental
    regulations.
 How much milk is produced every
             year?
• Australia dairy
  farmers will produce
  9 Billion litres of milk
  in 2009
• Volume each year
  depends on climatic
  conditions and
  rainfall.
Milk one of life’s everyday essentials

     NEARLY
EVERYONE EVERY
  DAY USES MILK
  WHETHER IT’S A
 GLASS OF MILK, A
 BOWL OF CEREAL,
      OR MILK
    PRODUCTS.
  MILK GIVES US
 CALCIUM TO KEEP
  OUR BONES TO
       STAY
  STRONG.
          Why dairying is important
•   Dairy farming is very important because
    it gives us quality products and employs
    many people. It is important for our dairy
    industry to be sustainable and viable.

•   The dairy industry affects me because I
    eat lots of dairy products every day for
    breakfast, lunch and dinner.

•   And as you can see from my trip around
    the farm, there is a lot involved in getting
    the milk from the cow to the kitchen
    table.
                               Credits
•   http://www.dairyextension.com.au/edit/Conference/SNAPSHOTS%20YOUR%20MIL
    K%20YOUR%20MARKETS.PD

•   http://blogs.das.psu.edu/tetherton/wp-content/uploads/Glass-of-milk-
    2009.png

•   http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2059/2103104626_72040a79df.jpg?v=0

•   http://www.mbfarviewfarm.com/images/Dairy-
    Goats/Registered%20Devon%20Dairy%20Cow%20Named%20Ge
    mini.jpg

•    http://www.dairyfarmers.com.au/df/files/jpg/DF-Milk-cartons-on-
    shelf2.jpg

•   http://www.floridamilk.com/about-dairy-farming/about-dairy-foods/

•   http://www.dairyfarmers.com.au/df/aboutus/studentpack/fromcowtoc
    onsumer/
                            Credits cont…
•   http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/images/previews/p_math/p_math_ec_01018_16x9.jpg

•   http://www.mapleviewfarm.com/newsstories/061204DH3.JPG

•   http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/monthwithoutplastic/blog_milk94bbc.jpg

•   http://www.treehugger.com/cadbury-milk-chocolate.jpg

•   http://www.australianmajestictours.com/dairyfarm.jpg

•   http://www.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/5930088/2/istockphoto_5930088-cute-dairy-
    cow-vector-illustration.jpg

•   http://images.google.com.au/images?hl=en&rlz=1T4ADBR_enAU331AU331&um=1&q=cute+carto
    on++cows&sa=N&start=20&ndsp=20
PLATINUM   GOLD   SILVER




                  BRONZE   MEDIA SPONSOR
           This is a
     Jessica Archibald
    Presentation for the
            2009
Cream of the Crop Competition

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Stats:
views:3
posted:2/13/2011
language:English
pages:68