DUT Research Report final.indd by sdsdfqw21

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									                                           New identity: Durban University of Technology
On 15 March 2006 the former Durban Institute of Technology                    The discussion on the name change began in 2004. Council
formally became the Durban University of Technology.                     first received a formal proposal from student representatives
     Instituted by the University’s Council and sanctioned by the        through the then SRC.
National Minister of Education, Ms Naledi Pandor, the change                  The challenge now is to align the Vision and Mission of
follows a resolution by the DIT Council on 12 December 2005,             the institution, which identifies DUT as “a leading university of
which itself followed extensive consultation with all stakeholders       technology in Africa that nurtures holistic education and the
and their constituencies, including the SRC.                             advancement of knowledge”.

                                        The mighty African Elephant

 The Annual Research Report (2005) of the Durban University of Technology has as its theme the Elephant. Apart from the African
 Elephant’s strong presence in the DUT identity, it is symbolic of the hallmarks of this institution. The resilience, majesty and power
 of the African Elephant within its natural habitat is unparalleled. It is a nurturing animal that displays a well-developed sense of
 community and family concern. Elephants communicate across vast distances, responding to each others’ calls. The species is
 fiercely protective of the vulnerable among its ranks.

 The cover of this publication is printed on a textured paper – the imagery is that of the skin of an elephant. Together these embody
 the strength and resilience of the Durban University of Technology. Like the mighty African Elephant, its presence is rooted in the
 soil of Africa. The Durban University of Technology is ready to meet the many formidable challenges within the higher education

Vision                                              Editorial                                 3

A leading University of Technology in Africa        Message from the Vice-Chancellor          4
that nurtures holistic education and the
                                                    NRF-funded Research Niche Areas           6
advancement of knowledge.
                                                      1. Water and Wastewater Technology      6
Mission                                               2. Appropriate Design Education for
To serve the needs of developing societies                  Sustainable Development           8
within a dynamic global context and to enable         3. Materials, Design and Manufacture    9
quality teaching, learning, research and              4. Dynamical Systems Research          10
community engagement by:                              5. ICT and Development                 11

     Providing                                      NRF-rated researchers                    12
     • quality, career-focused education              Professor Sibusiso Moyo                13
                                                      Professor Marino Kekana                14
                                                      Professor Suren Singh                  15
     • a values-driven ethos
                                                      Professor Bharti Odhav                 16
     • sustainable partnerships with industry,
                                                      Professor Kevin J. Duffy               17
        community and society
                                                      Professor V. Lingam Pillay             18
     • excellence in applied, and relevant,
                                                      Professor Faizal Bux                   19
                                                      Professor Pavel Tabakov                20
                                                      Professor Mark Walker                  21
     • staff and students to succeed, and
                                                      Professor D. (Gansen) Pillay           22
     • ensuring institutional sustainability.
                                                    NRF Grants secured                       23
Institutional Goals
The Institutional Goals chart the course that       Partnerships                             24
enables the Institution to realise its Vision for
                                                    Faculty-based Research                   25
the future and to fulfil its Mission. The goals
                                                       Faculty of Arts                       25
encompass all facets of the Institution’s values
                                                       Faculty of Commerce                   31
and advance the DUT’s vision to be a leading,
                                                       Faculty of Engineering, Science and
dynamic institution.
                                                          the Built Environment              34
• To promote learning through high-quality
                                                       Faculty of Health Sciences            42
     programmes, research and support services
                                                       Academic Support Services Sector      50
     that will produce competent graduates
• To ensure that the Institution is strategically   Higher Degree Students: 2005             53
     positioned within a global context             Research Capacity Building               54
• To ensure institutional sustainability
• To enhance the quality of student life               Building capacity through exposure
• To increase and enhance community                       to world-class practice            54
     engagement and partnerships                       Seed and Equipment Grants             55
• To attract and retain quality staff and              Women in Research                     56
     promote staff advancement                         Workshops                             57
• To continuously provide improved quality             Research Day 2005                     62
     services and infrastructure.                   Research and Community Engagement        63
                                                    Publications Barometer 2005              64
                                                    Acknowledgements                         69

 2      Durban University of Technology

The 2005 Annual Research Report of the Durban University of Technology (DUT)
provides stakeholders with an overview of the status of research at the institution.
As a University of Technology, the institution is carefully locating itself within the
South African research arena. DUT does not see itself as a research-intensive
organisation; however, research is a core function. The selection of DUT’s applied
research programmes is defined by “excellence with relevance”. These are central
to a number of regional and national imperatives, contribute to poverty eradication
and attempt to address the Millennium Development Goals.
The National Research Foundation (NRF) of South Africa is a key funder of research
at the DUT. This report focuses on the following NRF-funded research areas,
viz., (i) Water and wastewater technology; (ii) Appropriate design education for
sustainable development; (iii) Materials design and manufacture; (iv) Dynamical
systems research; and (v) ICT and development. In 2005 the DUT continued to
recognise and affirm its researchers. This was achieved by acknowledging and
celebrating all NRF-rated researchers, and creating a forum and providing funds
to address gender equity in research. Both these events are covered in this report.
The Annual Research Report summarises NRF grants secured by researchers,
partnerships with industry, external research funds and postgraduate student intake.
Research within each Faculty/sector is described, preceded by a message from
the Dean/Director to provide an audit of research programmes within academic
departments, academic support departments and research centres.
                                                                                                      Professor Gansen Pillay
Numerous interventions to address capacity building in research were made.
These included, inter alia, providing funds for (i) seed grants; (ii) major capital
research equipment; (iii) visiting researchers; (iv) postdoctoral fellowships; (v)
hosting national and international conferences; (vi) participation in national and
international conferences; (vii) the Women in Research initiative; (viii) publications
writing workshops; etc.
DUT’s research programmes have contributed to another core function of the
institution, viz., Community Engagement. The currency of DUT’s research is
measured by its impact on the communities we serve. This is evident in the synopses
                                                                                          “Research is to see what
on research/community engagements to which our researchers have committed.                everybody else has seen, and
A comprehensive review of DUT’s research and community engagement will be
presented in a forthcoming report.                                                        to think what nobody else has
The fruits of DUT’s investment in research can be measured only by the quantity           thought.”
and quality of its research output. While higher degree student throughput is still to
                                                                                                              Albert Szent-Gyorgyi
be finalised, indications are that this has improved, compared to 2004. We report on
                                                                                          (Hungarian biochemist, winner of the 1937
peer-reviewed publications and we provide a summary of participation at national
                                                                                                          Nobel Prize for Medicine)
and international conferences. It is hoped that intensifying efforts to ensure capacity
building in research yields the products we seek, increases research funding and
allows DUT to take its rightful place in research among South Africa’s higher
education institutions.
The commitment, perseverance and dedication of DUT’s researchers is noted with
pride and is gratefully acknowledged.
                                                            Professor D (Gansen) Pillay
                           Director, Centre for Research Management and Development

                                                                                                               Research Report 2005      3

                                                 Message from
                                                 the Vice‐Chancellor
                                                 Research is rapidly taking its rightful place as a central focus at the Durban
                                                 University of Technology. This report reminds us that we have world-class
                                                 researchers, that we have initiatives in place to support and nurture our
                                                 researchers and that DUT, despite its academic “youth”, is rapidly becoming
                                                 a force to be reckoned with in the research corridors of South African

                                                 Of course, it is vital that academics and learners engage in research of
                                                 relevance. It is critical that research is seen not as an esoteric activity but as
                                                 an integral component of the academic life of the institution. Without a rich,
                                                 dynamic culture of research at DUT, no active teaching and learning can take
                                                 place. To rise above mediocrity, it is incumbent upon us to create a climate
                     Professor Bonganjalo Goba   in which research – and in particular, research that deals with real-life issues
                                                 – thrives.

                                                 We need to respond to the critical issues that confront us daily.
                                                 Alternative medicines, HIV/AIDS, traditional authorities, maritime studies,
                                                 entrepreneurship, indigenous knowledge systems and poverty-reduction
                                                 – these are real-life issues and topics with which we, as academics, need to
       ‘Without a rich, dynamic                  be grappling. So it is heartening to note that our distinguished researchers
       culture of research at DUT,               are concerning themselves with these and other issues, which have such
                                                 a bearing on the lives of the communities we serve. By making sure our
       no active teaching and                    research is responsive to such problems, we are adding true value to
                                                 community enlistment.
       learning can take place. To
                                                 I believe there must be collaboration between departments and serious
       rise above mediocrity, it is
                                                 conversations across the disciplines. Research becomes more exciting when
       incumbent upon us to create               boundaries are transcended and as we recognise the interconnectedness
                                                 of our fields of study. With the introduction of the Schools concept at the
       a climate in which research
                                                 University, this becomes more readily achievable. Applied research must
       – and in particular, research             begin to be viewed as a valuable output. This is not to diminish the value of
                                                 pure research, but we should be guided in our research choices by issues of
       that deals with real-life
                                                 community concern and those that will, ultimately, benefit the communities
       issues – thrives.’                        we serve.

                                                 Research must be promoted as an attractive option, especially to our young
                                                 people. More peer-reviewed publications in journals must emanate from the
                                                 institution. Departments should be deliberating on publications that ultimately
                                                 heighten the profiles of their programmes. I know that academics are juggling
                                                 space and time to engage in research in a meaningful way. I know, too, that
                                                 it is up to the institution to provide an enabling environment and sufficient
                                                 incentives for academics to engage in advanced studies. Sabbatical leave,
                                                 funding, international links and academic recognition are all necessary.

   4       Durban University of Technology

To this end, the Centre for Research Management and Development has
embarked on a pro-active and stimulating series of initiatives to build – and
energise – DUT’s research capacity. This publication reports on these projects
and undertakings.

In these pages we also honour those researchers who have taken their
place among South Africa’s recognised researchers. DUT, still a fledgling
University of Technology since its merged inception in 2003, can be justifiably
proud of its NRF-rated researchers, the majority of whom have earned their
ratings during their tenure at DUT. We have, additionally, a strong cohort
of emerging researchers who are leading the way in many of the applied
disciplines. The Vice-Chancellor’s Research Award was an initiative of my
predecessor, Professor Daniel Ncayiyana, to recognise and celebrate those
researchers who have an NRF rating. It is one that is close to my heart, as was
the initiative to honour our women researchers.

The publication, Women in Research, was launched at a gala event whose VIPs
included representatives from education, the legal and corporate fraternities
as well as the media. Internationally recognised palaeobiologist Professor
Anusuya Chinsamy-Turan was the guest speaker and had, co-incidentally,
                                                                                  ‘Let the name of the Durban
been named Shoprite Checkers/SABC 2 Woman of the Year and the winner              University of Technology
of the Science category just a week prior to DUT’s event.
                                                                                  find its rightful place in
Speaking as President of South African Women in Science and Engineering
(SAWISE), she urged women researchers to “always be hungry and
                                                                                  South African research
passionate” and to always be visible. “Make sure people remember your             academe.’
name,” she said.

I urge all DUT’s scientists and researchers to heed these words! Let your
name, and that of the Durban University of Technology, find its rightful place
in South African research academe.

You owe yourself nothing less!
                                              Professor Bonganjalo Goba

                                                                                                 Research Report 2005      5

                                                                         Research Niche Areas
                                                                         1. Water and Wastewater Technology
                                                                         This Research Niche Area (RNA) focuses on developing and optimising
                                                                         innovative technology for the production of potable water and the treatment
                                                                         of wastewater. The approach is multi-disciplinary, combining the skills of
                                                                         the biotechnology and engineering disciplines to satisfy much-needed
                                                                         water requirements and those of industry at large. Specific fields of research
                                                                         ◗   Developing and optimising biological processes for wastewater treatment
                                                                             and derivation of valuable products
                                                                         ◗   Determining the active biomass in activated sludge treatment, with the
                                                                             aim of verifying current models
                                                                         ◗   Elucidation of mechanisms associated with filamentous bulking, with the
                                                                             aim of reducing bulking
                                                                         ◗   Monitoring and remediation of endocrine disrupting chemicals in water
                                                                         ◗   Microbial community analysis of wastewater treatment processes, using
                                                                             novel molecular techniques
 (Above and below) Ensuring optimum delivery of potable water
through wastewater treatment and innovative technology is the focus of   ◗   Developing simple technology for treating river water for potable
one NRF-funded Niche Area at the DUT.                                        purposes.

    6       Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                        Research Niche Areas

Water and Membrane Technology
The Water Technology Group (WTG), in the Department of Chemical
Engineering, focuses on research into and the development of innovative
processes for the production of drinking water and the treatment of
industrial wastewater, with special emphasis on the application of membrane
technology in these fields.

The “flagship” membrane project over the past three years has been the
development of a capillary ultrafiltration (CUF) system for drinking water
production, in partnership with the Institute of Polymer Science, University
of Stellenbosch. This system is aimed at rural and peri-urban areas in
developing economies. The project received a major boost in 2003 when
Amatola Water, in the Eastern Cape, agreed to evaluate the system with a
view to commercialisation. An evaluation unit was set up at Nahoon Dam,
East London, by research assistants from both DUT and the University of
Stellenbosch. The evaluation is being sponsored by Amatola Water and the
Water Research Commission.                                                     (Above and below) Microbiology students have access to state-of-
                                                                               the-art equipment in the DUT’s research laboratories.
There has also been good progress on three other membrane projects,
viz., the development of an industrial oil-water separation system, the
development of a reverse-flow microfilter and the development of an active-
precoat microfilter, for industrial effluent treatment. The latter process is
being evaluated at David Whitehead & Sons, a textile fabricator at Tongaat.
Results to date indicate that the process could remove suspended material,
as well as organics, in a single step. Patenting is being investigated.

A relatively new focus area of the department, Membrane Bioreactors (MBR),
currently involves three projects: the evaluation of membrane performance in
mesophilic and thermophilic MBRs; investigations into the microbiological
aspects of thermophilic MBRs for pulp and paper degradation; and the
development of an immobilised MBR for the production of high-value
bioproducts. The latter two projects are a collaborative effort with the
Department of Biotechnology. A preliminary project, on the utilisation of
membranes for the recovery of bioproducts was initiated in 2003.

The Floating Media Separator (FMS) was developed in South Africa and
patented by Wren Technologies (Pty) Ltd. This process has great potential in
the pre-treatment of high turbidity raw waters, but has not previously been
evaluated in this application. The Department and its partners from the
University of Stellenbosch have entered into an agreement with the inventors
to develop this process for potable water treatment applications.

                                                                                                                Research Report 2005              7
Research Niche Areas

                                                                          2. Appropriate Design Education
                                                                             for Sustainable Development
                                                                          This RNA addresses a number of sub-focus areas through different projects. The
                                                                          question of what constitutes an Appropriate Design Education for Sustainable
                                                                          Development presupposes that the needs of both formal and informal design
                                                                          education should be addressed. Each of the sub-focus projects aims to address
                                                                          design education issues within the informal sector (craft-workers) and in the
                                                                          formal higher education sector, with specific reference to the needs of students
                                                                          at DUT in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN).

                                                                          The development of an Appropriate Design Education for Sustainable
                                                                          Development, within this niche area, is like a stool with three legs. The first
                                                                          leg is concerned with design, health and community issues. The second
                                                                          is focused on developing research resources for design education in KZN,
                                                                          while the third leg is concerned with craft-related Indigenous Knowledge
                                                                          Systems (IKS), product development and the business skills required for
                                                                          sustainable development.

                                                                          At the core of the design, health and community programme is the Siyazama
                                                                          Project. This seeks to encourage design innovation and product development
                                                                          as a vehicle for HIV/AIDS awareness among rural craft-workers involved in
                                                                          the programme. Another important common denominator that informs the
                                                                          issue of sustainable development in Siyazama and the project, Co-operative
(Above and below) Women from the Siyazama Project, at the heart of the    Production of Indigenous Jewellery, is the emphasis on innovative product
Appropriate Design Education for Sustainable Development niche research   development as an essential part of developing sustainable enterprises in
area, with a selection of products.
                                                                          rural KZN.

                                                                          Both projects draw on the under-developed potential of a unique regional
                                                                          design identity.

                                                                          Another project, Design Online, is concerned with the development of online
                                                                          design research resources as a vital component for South African design
                                                                          education. This RNA aims to develop a national database for the Design
                                                                          Education Forum of Southern Africa (DEFSA) and a prototype digital archive
                                                                          of South African Graphic Design.

    8        Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                                Research Niche Areas

3. Materials, Design and Manufacture

The primary purpose of this RNA is to provide resources to assist composite,
structural and manufacturing sector industries with solving technical problems
that impact on growth and performance.

The team involved in this niche area is focused on partnering with industry
to solve design and materials problems, particularly in the composites sector.
They are also concerned with developing advanced design methodologies
and tools, as well as applications for advanced composites to enhance
industry competitiveness. This has included building prototypes for industry

Research has concentrated on developing higher-order theories and new
finite elements for laminated composite structures. The team has, together           Professor Mark Walker, Director of Cadence, with the prototype of an
with industry partners, developed better ways of using advanced machine             unmanned drone designed for South Africa’s armaments industry.
tools to reduce errors and scrap, and to optimise advance scheduling. In
addition, team members have developed and presented short courses to
assist with developing skills within industry sectors, and ensuring that industry
is aware of latest developments.

Finding optimal design methods of engineering structures has resulted in
moving away from classical techniques to the use of artificial intelligence,
which has taken optimisation efficiency to elevated levels.

DUT’s Centre for Advanced Materials, Design and Manufacturing Research
(Cadence) has developed expertise in ceramic matrix composites (CMC)
manufacturing as well as in the design and fabrication of tooling for the
moulded plastics industry.

The expertise within the Centre has been recognised by the State and,
recently, via the Tshumisano Trust in establishing the DUT Technology Station
(TS): Reinforced and Moulded Plastics. The TS can be described as the
technology transfer arm of Cadence, and is proving highly successful.

                                                                                    A student at work in the Engineering laboratory at the DUT.

                                                                                                                        Research Report 2005               9
Research Niche Areas

                                                                      4. Dynamical Systems Research

                                                                      The Centre for Systems Research (CSR) at the DUT, which manages dynamical
                                                                      systems research, is based in the Department of Industrial Engineering in the
                                                                      Faculty of Engineering, Science and the Built Environment.

                                                                      Research into complex systems using simulation methods is the focus of this
                                                                      RNA. These systems can potentially be drawn from electronic engineering,
                                                                      mechanical engineering, operations science, biological science and ecology.
                                                                      The CSR has developed methods for research into real-world problems from
                                                                      some of these fields. The approach to such systems is multifaceted and
                                                                      the methodology is holistic. In most cases, systems research requires an
                                                                      understanding of simulation methods.

                                                                      The focus is to apply simulation methods to researching dynamical systems
                                                                      and to teach students, graduate and postgraduate, to use the methods.
                                                                      These build on previous work done by the CSR in computational intelligence,
                                                                      differential equation modelling and grid-based simulation modelling.

                                                                      The Centre has worked on a number of diverse subjects, such as elephant
                                                                      populations dynamics, harbour operation dynamics, physical systems
                                                                      dynamics, mechanical engineering dynamics and DNA sequencing.
The Centre for Systems Research is involved in researching elephant   A research partnership with the Pongola Game Reserve in northern KwaZulu-
population dynamics, among other dynamic interventions.
                                                                      Natal on elephant population dynamics has proved successful. One objective
                                                                      of the reserve is the reintroduction of game to establish, and maintain, viable
                                                                      populations of animal species that occurred historically in the area. Many
                                                                      were killed during nagana and tsetse fly disease outbreaks.

                                                                      The CSR has collected three years of data on daily elephant positions,
                                                                      surveys of the spatial positions of most mammals, and data on the elephant
                                                                      population’s impact on trees.

                                                                      An exciting development was the introduction of a GPS collar on the lead bull
                                                                      elephant in the reserve, which sends twice-daily positions of his whereabouts.
                                                                      CSR has also created a number of simulations which are used to predict the
                                                                      impacts of game on the reserve.

                                                                      While the CSR has developed expertise in a dynamical systems approach
                                                                      to research, the team members have also built up a sophisticated base of
                                                                      computer hardware and software.

                                                                      The CSR relies on the expertise of various researchers, including
                                                                      mathematicians. Computational and numerical mathematics, computational
                                                                      fluid dynamics and computer software design, mathematical physics and
                                                                      mathematical biology, as well as general relativity and astrophysics, are all
                                                                      well-represented disciplines in the Department of Mathematics in the Faculty
                                                                      of Engineering, Science and the Built Environment.

    10       Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                               Research Niche Areas

5. ICT and Development

This RNA is in line with some of the core aims and objectives of the NRF’s
focus area on ICT and the information society in South Africa. In particular,
the focus is on specific research within the ICT field that will contribute to
the development of communities that have, historically, been excluded
or marginalised from ICT infrastructure and services. Since it has been
established that communities most affected by marginalisation are those in
rural areas, most of this research is linked to rural settings and communities
within KwaZulu-Natal (KZN).

It has also been established that ICT and development within a country or
community is linked. However this link is complex, especially with respect
to cause and effect. In addition the term “development” covers a range of
human and social aspects. This niche area focuses on increasing ICT access
in developing communities with the intention of making a contribution to the
socio-economic development of individuals and communities.

The research pays special attention to the provision of broadband services to
rural communities within KZN. This implies that both “hard” and “soft” issues
must be considered if socio-economic development is the ultimate goal.

An effort is being made to integrate the outputs of various projects into usable
working solutions for real-world implementation. The projects, therefore, are
of a technological nature, such as the engineering of broadband technologies,
or are of a non-technological nature, such as developing appropriate systems
to improve economic activities and operations, or to find the most appropriate      Taking ‘real-world’ ICT to rural communities is a DUT priority.
human computer interface for a particular application.

                                                                                                                      Research Report 2005           11
                                                                     NRF‐rated researchers
                                                                     In 2002 DUT counted three rated researchers among its staff. In 2005 this
                                                                     had increased to 11. The Centre for Research Management and Development
How the rating process works                                         (CRMD) is optimistic that this number will increase significantly by 2007.

The Evaluation Centre of the NRF is responsible for managing         The CRMD hosted an evaluation and rating workshop on 11 November 2005.
the rating process. Their objectives are to:                         Based on demand, a second workshop was held two weeks later. One of the
◗ Benchmark the performance of researchers                           objectives of the NRF’s Thuthuka Programme for researchers in training is for
◗ Appraise programmes/activities considered for NRF                  researchers to ultimately obtain an NRF rating.
◗ Monitor current evaluation processes in the NRF
◗ Provide an evaluation service to NRF stakeholders and
   sometimes to stakeholders external to the NRF.

The South African system for rating researchers used by the
NRF is a mechanism to benchmark the quality of individual
research output internationally. The system has been
                                                                     Vice-Chancellor’s Awards
successful in raising the status of researchers by applying fair     for NRF-rated researchers
and objective criteria of evaluation. Individuals apply for rating
and applications are considered by more than 20 specialist           In the rapidly changing Higher Education landscape in South Africa, research
committees, constituted according to discipline. The rating          enjoys a much higher priority than ever before. DUT is a fledgling institution
procedure considers only the recent past (seven years) and
                                                                     in terms of research capacity, yet it has demonstrated that it is one of the
evaluation is undertaken by national and international peers.
                                                                     Universities of Technology with the highest research output, exceeding those
Attaining a rating is regarded as a significant achievement.          of some better established, and better endowed, universities in the country.
Researchers can be awarded ratings in various categories.
                                                                     The CRMD hosted a Vice-Chancellor’s Research Awards dinner in 2005 to
◗ A: Leading international researcher, top quality scholar in
   his or her field, unequivocally recognised as such by peers.       acknowledge and recognise those individuals who have shattered the glass
◗ B: Internationally acclaimed researcher enjoying                   ceiling and been awarded NRF ratings.
   considerable international recognition by peers.
◗ C: Established researcher with a sustained recent record
   of productivity in the field with a body of quality work
   recognised by his or her peers.
◗ P: NRF President’s Awardees: Young researchers
   (normally younger than 35 years) who have demonstrated
   exceptional potential and are considered likely to become
   future leaders in their fields.
◗ Y: Promising young researchers, usually younger than
   35, who have the potential to establish themselves as
   researchers within five years.
◗ L: Late entrant into research: Normally younger than
   55, previously established as researchers or have
   demonstrated this potential, and considered capable
   of fully establishing or re-establishing themselves as
   researchers within five years.

Those eligible for the last category include black researchers,
female researchers, people from a higher education institution
lacking a research environment, and those who were                   DUT is proud of its vibrant cohort of NRF-rated scientists, photographed with former
previously established as researchers and have returned to a         Vice-Chancellor Professor Daniel Ncayiyana (front, right) and Gudrun Schirge (front, left),
research environment.                                                the manager of the NRF’s Evaluation Centre, at the Vice-Chancellor’s Awards Dinner.

  12       Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                    NRF‐rated researchers

Professor Sibusiso Moyo                                                           Key publications
                                                                                  ◗ Moyo, S. and Leach, P.G.L. (2004). Symmetry
Currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Mathematics in                methods applied to the mathematical model of
the Faculty of Engineering, Science and the Built Environment, in 2004              a tumour of the brain. Proceedings of the 5th
Professor Moyo was awarded a Y2 rating by the NRF. Her current research             International Conference, `Symmetry in Nonlinear
                                                                                    Mathematical Physics’ 50: Part II, 1-7.
interests are in the area of differential equations.
                                                                                  ◗ Moyo, S., and Leach, P.G.L. (2005). Ordinary
                                                                                    differential equations invariant under translation in the
Her postgraduate studies were done at the (former) University of Natal,
                                                                                    independent variable and rescaling: the Lagrangian
leading to a PhD degree in Mathematics in 2002. The research work was               formulation. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and
based on the study of differential equations from a group theoretical point of      Applications 306: 35-54.
view, with applications in Mathematical Biology, Mathematical Physics and         ◗ Moyo, S., and Leach, P.G.L. (2005). On some aspects
Mathematical Modelling in general. Since 2002, she has received invitations         of ordinary differential equations invariant under
                                                                                    translation in the independent variable and rescaling.
to present papers and talks at international conferences, including the NDDS
                                                                                    Proceedings of the 10th International Conference in
International conference in Kyoto, Japan (2002); the National Academy of            Modern Group Analysis (MORGRAN), 143 - 151.
Sciences of the Ukraine (2003); and the 10th International conference on
Modern Group Analysis, MOGRAN X, held in Cyprus (2004). Her current
research is funded by grants from both the NRF and the DUT through the
Centre for Research Management and Development (CRMD). Most of her
research results appear as papers in international peer-reviewed journals.

Professor Moyo’s first goal is to broaden her research field to embark on
more applied problems, including HIV models. Her second goal is to involve
more students from previously disadvantaged communities in her research.

                                                                                 Sibusiso Moyo

                                                                                                              Research Report 2005       13
NRF‐rated researchers

  Key publications                                             Professor Marino Kekana
  ◗ Kekana, M. (2003). A static shape control model
    for piezo-elastic composite structures. Composite          Professor Marino Kekana is an Associate Professor in the Department of
    Structures 59: 129-135.                                    Mechanical Engineering in the Faculty of Engineering, Science and the Built
  ◗ Kekana, M., Tabakov, P. and Walker, M. (2003).             Environment. In 2004 he was awarded a Y2 rating by the NRF. His current
    A shape control model for piezo-elastic structures
                                                               research interests are in the area of Materials, Design and Manufacture.
    based on divergence free electric displacement.
    International Journal of Solids and Structures.
                                                               He believes that “research starts with consciousness. It is when effort is
    40: 715-27.
                                                               focused and a systematic approach, which can be repeated, is applied to
  ◗ Kekana, M. and Tabakov, P. (2005). Static
    control of composite plates using piezoelectric            investigate an interest, then it is regarded as scientific research”.
    sensor and actuator techniques. Smart Materials and
    Structures 14: 349-353.                                    He says that “the major breakthrough for me was to be conscious of the
                                                               existence of scientific research. What followed were the fruits of this
                                                               systematic approach, carried out consistently”.

                                                               Using an example of mould-filling, Professor Kekana showed that he was able
                                                               to model, computationally, the complexities that take place during the mould
                                                               filling process of an injection-moulding machine at every time-step. “These
                                                               include monitoring the position, velocity and load-dependent properties
                                                               of each volume of the molten polymer. It is more important to monitor and
                                                               estimate the error that the computation generates at each instant, together
                                                               with its minimisation. It takes less that two seconds to produce a number of
                                                               items on the injection-moulding machine, but it takes a few minutes of rough
                                                               estimation and up to an hour of full computational analysis of, say, a plastic
                                                               CD cover. To model the filling process of a telephone handset may take a
                                                               few hours. This, however, is much cheaper than manufacturing numerous
                                                               prototypes before the product design is finalised.”

                                                               Professor Kekana’s current research interest is in computational modelling
                                                               of new generation materials, or “intelligent materials”, and their application
                                                               to intelligent structures. Much of the effort is focused on predicting the static
                                                               and dynamic behaviour of piezo-elastic structures. “These structures have
                                                               the ability to monitor their response and take corrective action in real time,
                                                               thus they are ‘intelligent structures’. Experimental work is in progress and
                                                               some preliminary results have been generated, and numerical models have
                                            Professor Marino
                                                               been developed and published,” he says.
                                                               “The challenge now is to match the numerical results to the experimental
                                                               ones. When these results match within an acceptable deviation, the
                                                               numerical model can be implemented in the design of various structures with
                                                               confidence. As an extension to this research, attention is also focused on
                                                               whether we can estimate degradation and residual life of smart structures,”
                                                               he added.

  14      Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                      NRF‐rated researchers

Professor Suren Singh                                                            Key publications
                                                                                 ◗ Singh, S., Pillay, B., Dilsook, V. and Prior, B.A. (2000).
Professor Suren Singh graduated with a PhD in Microbiology from the former         Production and properties of hemicellulases by a
University of Durban-Westville in 1998. He is Professor and Head of the            Thermomyces lanuginosus strain. Journal of Applied
Department of Biotechnology in the Faculty of Engineering, Science and the         Microbiology and Biotechnology 88: 975-982.
                                                                                 ◗ Singh, S., Pillay, B. and Prior, B.A. (2000). Thermal stability
Built Environment. In 2002 he was awarded a Y2 rating by the NRF.
                                                                                   of xylanase by different Thermomyces lanuginosus strains.
                                                                                   Enzyme and Microbial Technology 26: 502-508.
The treatment of effluent from pulp in the paper-making process is expensive
                                                                                 ◗ Bissoon, S., Christov, L. and Singh, S. (2002). Bleach
and difficult. Professor Singh and his students, after years of work, ‘evolved’
                                                                                   boosting effects of purified xylanase from Thermomyces
an enzyme, which was produced by a fungus isolated from soil, to streamline        lanuginosus SSBP on bagasse pulp. Process Biochemistry
the process. Professor Singh’s research focuses on the application of              37: 567-572.
thermostable enzymes, which includes xylanases in the bleaching of pulp,         ◗ Singh, S., Madlala, A.M., and Prior, B.A. (2003).
amylases for the pre-digestion of starch-based foods and inulinases. This          Production, characterisation and application of
                                                                                   Thermomyces lanuginosus enzymes. FEMS Microbiology
project has been expanded to investigate directed evolution techniques for
                                                                                   Reviews 27: 3-16.
the improvement of the catalytic efficiencies of these enzymes.                   ◗ Kunamneni, A., Permaul, K. and Singh, S. (2005).
                                                                                   Amylase production in solid state fermentation by the
Professor Singh has collaborative links with both the Centre for Scientific         thermophilic fungus, Thermomyces lanuginosus. Journal of
and Industrial Research (CSIR) and Sappi Limited. He has established               Bioscience and Bioengineering 100: 168-171.
collaborative projects with NRF-rated scientists from the University of the      ◗ Kunamneni, A., Kumar, S., Pillai, K. and Singh, S.
Free State and the University of Stellenbosch, which allows his students to        (2005). Response surface methodological approach
                                                                                   to optimize the nutritional parameters for enhanced
benefit from expertise and infrastructure at these institutions.
                                                                                   production of a-amylase in solid state fermentation by
                                                                                   Thermomyces lanuginosus. African Journal of Biotechnology
In 2000 he was one of 13 participants chosen from developing countries
                                                                                   4: 708-716.
to attend an Industrial Biotechnology course in Germany. He visited the          ◗ Reddy, P., Pillay, V.L., Kunamneni, A. and Singh,
Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology at the Technical University           S. (2005). Degradation of pulp and paper-mill effluent by
of Graz (TUG) in Austria in 2002/2003, hosted by Professor GM Guebitz,             thermophilic micro-organisms using batch systems. Water
a leading researcher on enzyme application, particularly hemicellulolytic          SA 31: 575-580.
                                                                                 ◗ Christopher, L., Bissoon, S., Singh, S., Szendefy, J.
and pectinolytic enzymes, in the European Union. Professor Singh delivered
                                                                                   and Szakacs, G. (2005). Bleach-enhancing abilities of
seminars at TUG and at the Department of Chemistry, Slovak Academy                 Thermomyces lanuginosus xylanases produced by solid
of Sciences, Bratislava, titled Thermomyces lanuginosus: Properties and            state fermentation. Process Biochemistry 40: 3230-3235.
Applications.                                                                    ◗ Kunamneni, A. and Singh, S. (2005). Response surface
                                                                                   optimization of enzymatic
In the past five years Professor Singh has been awarded substantial funds           hydrolysis of maize
for publications, scholarships, travel and research grants. Publications           starch for higher
                                                                                   glucose production.
have included four peer-reviewed international conference proceedings,
12 international conference presentations and 35 national and 30 regional          Engineering Journal
abstracts at local conferences. Several higher degree students have completed      27: 179-190.
their degrees under his supervision and he is currently supervising or co-
supervising numerous students.                                                       Professor Suren Singh

                                                                                                                Research Report 2005       15
NRF‐rated researchers

Key publications                                               Professor Bharti Odhav
◗ Reddy, L., Odhav, B. and Bhoola, K.D. (2003). Natural
  products for cancer prevention: A global perspective.        Professor Bharti Odhav is Professor in the Department of Biotechnology in
  Pharmacology and Therapeutics 99: 1-13.                      the Faculty of Engineering, Science and the Built Environment. In 2004 she
◗ Beekrum, S., Govinden, R. and Odhav, B. (2003).              was awarded an ‘L’ rating by the NRF. Her current research interests are in
  Naturally occurring phenols: A detoxification strategy
                                                               the area of Plant Biotechnology.
  for Fumonisin B1. Food Additives and Contaminants 20:
                                                               “Harnessing the knowledge regarding traditional leafy vegetables in the
◗ Adam, J.K., Odhav, B. and Bhoola, K.D. (2003).
                                                               African continent provides the focus for plant biotechnology research. My
  Immune responses in cancer. Pharmacology and
  Therapeutics 99: 133-132.                                    focus is to exploit this knowledge and develop novel compounds from our
◗ Naiker, S. and Odhav, B. (2004). Mycotic keratitus:          vast natural heritage for nutritional, agricultural and medicinal benefits,” she
  profile of Fusarium species and their mycotoxins.             says.
  Mycoses 47: 50-56.
◗ Okole, B. and Odhav, B. (2004). Commercialisation of         “We have investigated plants with a high nutritional value and we are
  plants in Africa. South African Journal of Botany 70: 109-   manipulating these for increasing yield, using molecular techniques. There
                                                               is exciting potential, for instance in the development of novel commodities
◗ Odhav, B. (2005). Bacterial contaminants and
                                                               such as soaps, shampoos, disinfectants and phytomedicines, from plant
  mycotoxins in beer and control strategies. Reviews in
  Food and Nutrition Toxicity 2: 1-18.                         compounds.”
◗ Moodley, R., Snyman, C., Odhav, B. and Bhoola,
  K.D. (2005). Visualization of transforming growth            Her research thrust is to develop a holistic approach that will encompass
  factor-1, tissue kallikrein, and kinin and transforming      expertise from the biotechnology field, food sciences and the agricultural
  growth factor receptors on human clear-cell renal            sector to produce entrepreneurs.
  carcinoma cells. Biological Chemistry 386: 375-382.
                                                               As former Head of the Department of Biotechnology, Professor Odhav was
                                                               instrumental in building postgraduate student capacity and she has supervised
                                                               a number of higher degree students. She is currently supervising M.Tech
                                                               and D.Tech students and is generously funded by external funding agencies,
                                                               including the Medical Research Council, NRF and South Africa Netherlands
                                                               Research Programme on Alternatives in Development (SANPAD).

    Professor Bharti Odhav

  16      Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                 NRF‐rated researchers

Professor Kevin J. Duffy                                                          Key publications
                                                                                 ◗ Duffy, K.J. and Page, B.R. (2002). Simulations of tree
Professor Kevin Duffy is an Associate Professor in the Department of               destruction by elephant using Monte Carlo methods.
Mathematics in the Faculty of Engineering, Science and the Built Environment,      International Journal of Computers, Systems and Signals
and a Director of the Centre for Systems Research (CSR). He has been               3:149-160.
                                                                                 ◗ Duffy, K.J., van Os, R., Vos, S., van Aarde, J., Ellish,
awarded a C3 rating by the NRF. His current research interests are in the area
                                                                                   G. and Stretch, A. (2002). Estimating the impact of
of mathematical-based computer simulations.                                        reintroduced elephant on the trees of a small reserve.
                                                                                   South African Journal of Wildlife Research 32: 23-29.
The CSR has developed a dynamic systems simulation approach to studying
                                                                                 ◗ Stretch, A.M. and Duffy, K.J. (2003). Understanding
a number of research questions in the fields of ecology, biology, engineering       global elephant and tree dynamics with ode’s.
and science. Professor Duffy’s primary focus is the use of mathematical-based      Mathematics and Computer Education, 37:184-192.
computer simulations to help understand the complexity of wildlife reserves.     ◗ Duffy, K.J., Page, B., Mackey, and Slotow, R. (2003).
                                                                                   Differential use and impacts on rangelands by different
DUT’s symbol is the mighty African elephant. “This animal is unique in its         sexes and family units of elephants. International
combination of strength, intelligence and charisma, making it an important         Rangelands Conference.
                                                                                 ◗ Duffy, K.J. (2004). Approaches to modelling herbivore
symbol worldwide. It is also very important because its size and dietary
                                                                                   induced woodland grassland transitions. Envirosoft 04.
requirements have a large ecological impact,” says Professor Duffy. “While
the elephant is a primary focus of research in the CSR, the methods being
developed can be applied to other areas of research, such as Industrial

Professor Duffy is currently supervising numerous higher degree students.

                                                                                 Professor Kevin J. Duffy

                                                                                                           Research Report 2005      17
NRF‐rated researchers

Key publications                                               Professor V. Lingam Pillay
◗ Edward, V.A., Pillay, V.L., Swart, P. and Singh, S.
  (2003). Localisation of Thermomyces lanuginosus SSBP         Professor Lingam Pillay is an Associate Professor in the Department of
  xylanase on polysulphone membranes using immunogold          Chemical Engineering in the Faculty of Engineering, Science and the Built
  labeling and environmental scanning electron microscopy      Environment. He has been awarded a C3 rating by the NRF. His current
  (ESEM). Process Biochemistry 38: 939-943.
                                                               research interests are in the area of Water and Wastewater Technology.
◗ Govender, S., Jacobs, E.P., Leukes, W.D. and Pillay,
  V.L. (2003). A scalable membrane bioreactor for
                                                               Professor Pillay’s research group’s main focus is the development of
  enzyme production using Phanerochaete crysosporia.
  Biotechnology Letters 25: 127-131.                           sustainable water and wastewater treatment technologies for developing
◗ Jacobs, E.P., Bradshaw, S.M., Botes, J.P. and Pillay, V.L.   economies, with special emphasis on membrane processes. Their flagship
  (2005). Reverse-pressure back-flush in pilot scale, dead-     project has been the development of a capillary ultrafiltration system for
  end ultrafiltration of surface water. Journal of Membrane     drinking water production in rural and peri-urban areas, in partnership
  Science 252: 51-63.
                                                               with Professor EP Jacobs from the University of Stellenbosch. The system
◗ Reddy, P., Pillay, V.L., Kunamneni, A. and Singh,
                                                               has recently been evaluated by Amatola Water, Eastern Cape. The team is
  S. (2005). Degradation of pulp and paper-mill effluent by
  thermophilic micro-organisms using batch systems. Water      also developing a microfilter with a chemically active pre-coat for industrial
  SA 31: 575-580.                                              effluent pre-treatment, and an immersed membrane microfilter.

                                                               Other projects include: capillary ultrafiltration for industrial effluent treatment
                                                               and recycling; investigations into membrane bioreactors for the treatment of
                                                               effluents with high organic loads; and the development of a floating media
                                                               separator for raw water pre-treatment.

  Professor V. Lingam Pillay

   18       Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                       NRF‐rated researchers

Professor Faizal Bux                                                                  Key publications
                                                                                      ◗ Mudaly, D.D. and Bux, F. (2001). Fishing for
Professor Faizal Bux is an Associate Professor in the Department of                     biomass in activated sludge mixed liquor: The
Biotechnology in the Faculty of Engineering, Science and the Built                      slippery VSS fraction. Advances in Water and
Environment. He has been awarded a C3 rating by the NRF. His current                    Wastewater Treatment Technology, Eds. Matsuo,
                                                                                        T., Hanaki, K., Takizawa, S. and Satch, H. Elsevier
research interests are in the area of Water and Wastewater Technology,
                                                                                        Science, Amsterdam.
passions he has developed in the past 15 years, along with Bioremediation             ◗ Lacko, N., Drysdale, G.D. and Bux, F. (2003).
Technology. In this time he has led five projects funded by the Water Research           Anoxic phosphorus removal by denitrifying
Commission (WRC ), was co-leader for many others and has served on the                  heterotrophic bacteria. Water, Science and
steering committees of some 16 projects.                                                Technology 47: 17-22.
                                                                                      ◗ Lalbahadur, T., Pillay, S., Rodda, N., Smith,
He is currently Activity Leader for this NRF Niche Area at DUT, has published           M., Buckley, C., Holder, F., Bux, F. and
                                                                                        Foxon, K. (2005). Microbiological studies of an
approximately 30 full-length papers in refereed journals and has made 50
                                                                                        anaerobic baffled reactor: microbial community
conference presentations.                                                               characterization and deactivation of health-related
                                                                                        indicator bacteria. Water Science & Technology
Professor Bux has a passion for training postgraduate students and                      51: 155-162.
encourages them to co-author many of his papers.

The thrust of his research is on improving current and developing novel
technologies for the treatment of water and wastewater from domestic and
industrial origins, using biological systems.

He has successfully supervised 13 Masters students and is currently
supervising four Doctoral and five Masters students. Professor Bux says
he gains satisfaction from ensuring that students obtain quality training, to
international standards, “which more than equips them to satisfy the market
needs of the water sector in South Africa”.

His plans are to focus on building his current strengths in his field of research,
with the intention of making a valuable contribution to the water sector in
South Africa.

                                                                                    Professor Faizal Bux

                                                                                    Durban Institute of Technology Research Report 2005   19
NRF‐rated researchers

Key publications                                             Professor Pavel Y. Tabakov
◗ Tabakov, P.Y. (2001). Multidimensional design
  optimisation of laminated structures using an improved     Professor Pavel Tabakov is an Associate Professor in the Department of
  genetic algorithm. Composite Structures 54: 349-354.       Mechanical Engineering in the Faculty of Engineering, Science and the Built
◗ Tabakov, P.Y. (2002). Automatic cluster detection and      Environment. He has been awarded a C2 rating by the NRF. His current
  classification problem in complex databases. Proceedings
                                                             research interests are in the area of Materials, Design and Manufacture.
  of the 4th International Conference on Modelling and
  Simulation, 1-6.
                                                             In the field of data mining and knowledge discovery, Professor Tabakov has
◗ Tabakov, P.Y., Verijenko, V.E. and Verijenko, B. (2003).
                                                             been recognised as pioneering a method that generated results that were
  Refined theory for the analysis of laminated orthotropic
  structures. Composite structures 62: 435-441.              more accurate than the best-known methods previously published in the
◗ Tabakov, P.V., Verijenko, V.E. and Verijenko, B. (2005).   literature. His research on artificial intelligence rates among the best in the
  Analysis of non-symmetrical thick laminated plates using   world.
  a variational approach. Proceeding of the Fifteenth
  International conference on Composite Materials 15:        His new method for data separation and data clustering in multi-dimensional
  1-28.                                                      Euclidean spaces is based on genetic algorithms and uses floating hyper-
◗ Tabakov, P.V. (2005). A three-dimensional analysis of
                                                             ellipsoids for collecting data. It was first used for the extraction of rules for the
  laminated orthotropic plates. Composite Structures 71:
  453-462.                                                   detection of short DNA motifs.
◗ Kekana, M. and Tabakov, P. (2005). Static control of
                                                             Professor Tabakov’s research activities, in the main, focus on the following
  composite plates using piezoelectric sensor and actuator
  techniques. Smart Materials and Structures 14: 349-353.    areas:

                                                             Mechanics of composites
                                                             His research has concentrated on developing higher-order theories, new finite
                                                             elements for laminated composite structures and exact three-dimensional
                                                             theory for structures possessing cylindrical anisotropy and thick orthotropic

                                                             Optimal design of engineering structures
                                                             Here his work has focused on optimal design of thick composite pressure
                                                             vessels, based on exact analytical solutions and stability problems of
                                                             laminated plates. Classical optimisation techniques such as random search
                                                             and steepest gradient methods have given way to use of artificial intelligence
                                                             techniques, bringing optimisation efficiency to a considerably higher level.

                                                             Computational solid mechanics
                                                             Mostly his work in this area has been dedicated to the Finite Element
                                                             Method (FEM) and its applications. “My particular interest has been in FEM
                                                             application to the analysis of laminated composite structures. Among other
                                                             things, a new rectangular finite element with 12 degrees of freedom at each
                                                             node for the analysis of orthotropic structures under both mechanical and
                                                             thermal loads, has been developed.”

                                                             Electrical and elastic properties of cyclically loaded
                                                             A new method of evaluating elastic property deterioration from accumulated
                                                             damage has been experimentally verified. Another field of research here is
                                                             smart materials, namely shape control for piezo-elastic structures.

                                                             Data mining and knowledge discovery
                                                             Research includes design optimisation of laminated composite structures
                                                             with manufacturing uncertainties, and developing a computer program for
  Professor Pavel Y. Tabakov
                                                             data clustering in large and complex databases.

  20       Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                 NRF‐rated researchers

Professor Mark Walker                                                           Key publications
                                                                                ◗ Walker, M., Adali, S. and Reiss, T. (1997). A procedure to
Professor Mark Walker is the former Head of the Department of Mechanical          select the best material combination and optimally design
Engineering in the Faculty of Engineering, Science and the Built Environment.     hybrid composite plates for minimum weight. Engineering
He has been awarded a C1 rating by the NRF. His current research interests        Optimisation 29: 65-83.
                                                                                ◗ Walker, M. (2000). Minimum weight design of
are in the area of Materials, Design and Manufacture.
                                                                                  laminated plates subject to fatigue loads using a
                                                                                  cumulative damage rule constraint. Composite Structures
Professor Walker graduated with a Master of Science in Engineering degree
                                                                                  36: 12-20.
(MSc Eng) from the former University of Natal in 1992. The title of his
                                                                                ◗ Walker, M. and Smith, R. (2003). A simple self-design
dissertation was `The effect of sulphur-bearing environment on the creep-         methodology for laminated composite structures to
fatigue failure of coated, unidirectionally solidified MM-002 superalloy’.         minimise mass. Advances in Engineering Software 34:
Professor Walker’s PhD, obtained from the former University of Natal at the     ◗ Walker, M. and Hamilton, R. (2005). A technique for
end of 1994 under the supervision of Professor Sarp Adali and Professor           optimally designing fibre-reinforced laminated plates
Viktor Verijenko, led to several conference presentations, magazine articles      with manufacturing uncertainties for maximum buckling
                                                                                  strength. Engineering Optimisation 37: 135-144.
and five journal papers. Further work with Professor Adali, on research
problems dealing with the optimal design of laminated structures, generated
several more journal papers and conference presentations.

Professor Walker was appointed Director of the Centre for Advanced Materials,
Design & Manufacturing Research (Cadence) at the former Technikon Natal
in January 1996. The Centre receives substantial funding from the NRF, the
DUT and industry, and has among its main aims the development of expertise,
research excellence, research collaboration and transfer of knowledge.

In 1996 Professor Walker began investigating design for manufacture
methods, with a view to incorporating these into the established optimal
design procedures for general/composite structures which he and fellow
researchers had been using in their work. The use of a combination of
these methods would not only lead to stronger, stiffer, lighter and cheaper
structures, but also structures which are easily constructed and assembled.
Professor Walker acquired NRF funding from the Manufacturing Programme
to further this research. Also, several advanced manufacturing methods have
been investigated and, over the years, the Centre has developed expertise
in CNC manufacturing as well as in the design and fabrication of tooling for
the moulded plastics industry. The work that has been carried out under
the leadership of Professor Walker has led to the publication of more than
50 journal papers.

Professor Walker serves as a reviewer for several international journals, and
has been involved in organising numerous international conferences.

                                                                                 Professor Mark Walker

                                                                                                            Research Report 2005     21
NRF‐rated researchers

Key publications                                                  Professor D. (Gansen) Pillay
◗ Pillay, D. (1996). Electrophoretic differentiation of soluble
  egg antigens from Schistosoma mansoni isolates using            Professor Gansen Pillay is the Director of the Centre for Research
  SDS-PAGE. Journal of Helminthology 70: 91-93.                   Management and Development (CRMD) and is Professor in the Department
◗ Chenia, H.Y., B. Pillay, A.A. Hoosen & D. Pillay (1997).        of Biotechnology in the Faculty of Engineering, Science and the Built
  Antibiotic susceptibility patterns and plasmid profiles of
                                                                  Environment. He has been rated as a C2 researcher by the NRF and is the
  penicillinase-producing Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains in
  Durban, South Africa, 1990-1993. Sexually Transmitted           longest-standing rated researcher at the DUT, having held an NRF rating for
  Diseases 24:18-22.                                              more than 10 years.
◗ Permaul, K., B. Pillay & D. Pillay (1999). Characterisation
  of an indigenous plasmid in Xanthomonas albilineans. South      Professor Pillay’s research interests span parasitology, molecular plant
  African Journal of Science 95:307-311.                          pathology, molecular genetics, enzymology, medical microbiology and
◗ S. Paterson, M.I. More, D. Pillay, C. Cellini, R. Woodgate,     environmental biotechnology. He was the first PhD graduate in Microbiology
  G.C. Walker, V.N. Iyer & S.C. Winans (1999). Genetic            at the former University of Durban-Westville and headed that Department for
  analysis of the mobilisation and leading regions of the IncN
                                                                  a number of years before joining the DUT. He is credited with initiating the first
  plasmids pKM101 and pCU1. Journal of Bacteriology 181:
  2572-2583.                                                      molecular-based studies on Schistosoma mansoni, the cause of bilharziasis,
◗ Govinden, R., B. Pillay, W.H. van Zyl & D. Pillay (2000).       which was the subject of his PhD degree. He is also credited with discovering
  Xylitol production by recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae      and reporting the existence of a plasmid (mobile extrachromosomal DNA
  expressing the Pichia stipitis and Candida shehatae XYL1        element) in Xanthomonas albilineans, the causal agent of ratoon stunting, a
  genes. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 55: 76-80.
                                                                  disease of sugarcane. Work on multiple drug resistant bacteria and bacterial
◗ Singh, S., P. Reddy, J. Haarhoff, P. Biely, B. Janse, B.
  Pillay, D. Pillay & B.A. Prior (2000). Relatedness of           pathogenesis occupied much of his time. Alteration of outer membrane
  Thermomyces lanuginosus strains producing a thermostable        protein genes induced by sub-inhibitory fluoroquinolone exposure of Neisseria
  xylanase. Journal of Biotechnology 81: 119-128.                 gonorrhoeae and their role in cross-resistance, as well as efflux systems in
◗ Olaniran, O., D. Pillay & B. Pillay (2004). Haloalkane and      N. gonorrhoeae, have been well documented by Profesor Pillay and his
  haloacid dehalogenases from aerobic bacterial isolates
  indigenous to contaminated sites in Africa demonstrate
  diverse substrate specificities. Chemosphere 55: 27-33.
                                                                  Following outbreaks of cholera in KwaZulu-Natal, he focused on the toxin
◗ Singh, N., B.M. Somai & D. Pillay (2004). Smut disease
  assessment by PCR and microscopy in inoculated tissue           gene of Vibrio cholera, the causal agent of cholera. In addition, he has
  cultured sugarcane cultivars. Plant Science 167: 987-994.       also focused on studying viable, but non-culturable, bacteria, in water,
◗ Singh, N., B.M. Somai & D. Pillay (2005). In vitro              and on designing prokaryotic and eukaryotic biosensors for detection of
  screening of sugarcane to evaluate smut susceptibility.         environmental pollutants.
  Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 80:259-266.
◗ Singh, N., B.M. Somai & D. Pillay (2005). Molecular             Professor Pillay has more than 50 journal publications to his credit, has
  profiling demonstrates limited diversity amongst                 presented scores of papers at national and international conferences, has
  geographically separate strains of Ustilago scitaminea.
                                                                  been an invited speaker at international conferences in numerous countries
  FEMS Microbiology Letters 247: 7-15.
                                                                  and has been a visiting scientist at Cornell University in the USA, Scottish Crops
                                                                  Research Institute, RMIT University in Australia, and the Weizmann Institute
                                                                  of Science in Israel. To date, numerous PhD and M.Sc. degree students and
                                                                  scores of Honours students have graduated under his supervision. He is a
                                                                  reviewer for numerous international journals, external examiner for Masters
                                                                  dissertations and Doctoral theses from national and international universities,
                                                                  and is a reviewer of grant applications to the NRF, WRC, MRC, DST and DTI.
                                                                  He has served as a member of the NRF rating panel for Microbiology and
                                                                  Plant Pathology for several years.

                                                                  Professor Pillay chairs the S. A. National Board of the International Council
                                                                  for Science (ICSU), is the chair of the S.A. National Committee of the
                                                                  International Union of Microbiological Societies (IUMS), was President of
                                                                  the S.A. Society for Microbiology and has been the voting delegate for South
                                                                  Africa at numerous ICSU and IUMS international general assemblies.

  Professor D. (Gansen) Pillay

   22        Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                            NRF‐rated researchers

NRF Grants secured
           A number of DUT staff secured research grants from the NRF for 2005 from the
           Thuthuka Programme and the Institutional Research Development Programmes.
           These are listed below.

Thuthuka Programme                                           Institutional Research Development Programme

 Prof S Singh, Dept of Biotechnology                          Water and Wastewater Technlogy
 Prof J L Conolly, Centre for Higher Education Development    Prof F Bux, Centre for Water and Wastewater Technology
 Dr K Bisetty, Dept of Chemistry                              Dr V Ndinisa, Dept of Chemical Engineering
 Mrs T Padayachee, Dept of Food Technology                    Dr A Telukdarie,Dept of Chemical Engineering
 Dr K Permaul, Dept of Biotechnology                          Dr F M Swalaha, Dept of Biotechnology
 Mrs A Razak, Dept of Nursing                                 Dr V L Pillay, Dept of Chemical Engineering
 Mr D Singh, Dept of Physics
 Prof B Odhav, Dept of Biotechnology                          Appropriate Design for Sustainable Education
 Mrs P Reddy, Dept of Environmental Health                    Prof I G Sutherland, Dept of Graphic Design

 Mr S Ramsuroop, Dept of Chemical Engineering                 Ms K L Wells, Dept of Graphic Design

 Ms S Misthry, Dept of Mathematics                            Mr Chris de Beer, Dept of Jewellery Design

 Dr J Raju, Dept of Library and Information Studies
                                                              Dynamical Systems Research
 Mrs R Rampersad, Dept of Public Relations Management
                                                              Prof K Duffy, Centre for System Research
 Mr V Mohanlal, Dept of Biotechnology
                                                              Prof S Moyo, Dept of Mathematics
 Dr N Deenadayalu, Dept of Chemistry
                                                              Dr R Naidoo, Dept of Mathematics
                                                              Dr P Govender, Dept of Electrical Engineering

                                                              Materials Design and Manufacture
                                                              Prof M Kekana, Dept of Mechanical Engineering
                                                              Prof M Walker, Dept of Mechanical Engineering
                                                              Prof P Tabakov, Dept of Mechanical Engineering
                                                              Prof D Johnson, Dept of Mechanical Engineering

                                                              ICT and Development
                                                              Prof M Wallis, Executive Dean (Commerce)
                                                              Ms D Heukelman, Dept of Information Technology
                                                              Ms M P Njobe, Dept of Information Technology
                                                              Ms T Jacobs, Dept of Financial Accounting
                                                              Dr T Nepal, Dept of Information Technology

                                                                                                      Research Report 2005   23

                                           The DUT has established strong partnerships in its research
                                           endeavours. Partners include:
                                           ◗     Telkom
                                           ◗     Kentron
                                           ◗     Sasol
                                           ◗     Caltex
                                           ◗     Water Research Commission
                                           ◗     Medical Research Council
                                           ◗     SANPAD
                                           ◗     ESKOM
                                           ◗     THRIP
                                           ◗     NRF
                                           ◗     Spelman College
                                           ◗     Telp/USAID
                                           ◗     Savannah State University
                                           ◗     Denmark
                                           ◗     Mintek
                                           ◗     Pick & Pay Foundation/Ackerman
                                           ◗     Tabeisa

                                           Research funding
                                               DONOR/FUNDER                               AMOUNT
                                               Water Research Commission                    619 290
                                               Medical Research Council                       58 000
                                               SANPAD                                       203 000
                                               ESKOM                                        620 000
                                               THRIP                                       1 216 523
                                               NRF                                         2 880 000
                                               Spelman College                                95 607
                                               TELP/USAID                                   429 571
                                               Savannah State University                     520 747
                                               Eastern Centre For Transport Development       92 500
                                               Denmark                                        45 000
                                               Mintek                                         40 000
                                               Pick ‘n Pay Foundation                        195 000
                                               Tabeisa                                      903 623
                                               TOTAL                                      7 918 861

  24     Durban University of Technology
Research in the

Faculty of Arts
Message from the Executive Dean
Amid the myriad challenges the Faculty has to grapple with, research has
been identified as a priority. While the number of staff who possess Masters
and Doctoral degrees remains unsatisfactory, the recent appointment of a
number of staff with PhD degrees could constitute a catalyst to boost the
research profile of the Faculty. The Departments of Education, Language
and Translation, Journalism, and English and Communication all have staff
with PhD degrees. The plan is to establish a core group of researchers to
champion research in the Faculty.

The secondment of Professor Brian Pearce as a research co-ordinator
provides significant impetus to the roll-out of the strategic research direction.
The research co-ordinator is tasked with translating the Faculty’s research
strategy into action. Part of the co-ordinator’s responsibility is to organise
research workshops and seminars.

In addition, a significant amount of money has been allocated for research
                                                                                                  Dr Kenneth Netshiombo
activities. This provision obviates the classical excuses of not having the
resources to do research. A commission consisting of staff members with
PhDs has been established to assist the research co-ordinator to implement
the Research Plan, which the Faculty Board approved. This is to be used to
define major activities and the concomitant outcomes. The plan will also be
used as an evaluation and monitoring tool.
                                                                                   ◗   Drama Studies
A sizeable number of staff members who read papers at international
                                                                                   ◗   English and Communication
conferences are being assisted to develop publications from their papers.
Funds have been granted and such papers have been submitted for                    ◗   Fashion and Textiles
publication to accredited journals.
                                                                                   ◗   Fine Art
A number of staff members are registered for Masters and PhD studies. A
significant number (if not the majority) are women. This trend enhances             ◗   Graphic Design
the Faculty’s potential as a competitive player in the research landscape.         ◗   Interior Design
To create space for novice researchers, the Faculty plans to establish a
Research Bulletin to encourage up-and-coming researchers to publish in a           ◗   Jewellery Design
less threatening environment. As they reach desirable maturity levels, they
                                                                                   ◗   Journalism
will be helped in developing articles for publishing in refereed journals.
                                                                                   ◗   Language and Translation
While ambiguity about what constitutes research and research publication
in the creative and performing arts remains, the Faculty of Arts continues to      ◗   Photography
remain a force to be reckoned with in the research arena.
                                                                                   ◗   Video Technology
I urge all lecturing staff to embrace this challenge and begin to internalise
research as one of the core components of the Vision and Mission of the
                                                  Dr Kenneth Netshiombo

                                                                                                            Research Report 2005   25
Faculty of Arts

                                                                    Drama Studies
                                                                    Since 2000 Professor Brian Pearce has been the editor of Shakespeare
                                                                    in Southern Africa. He serves as Faculty Research Co-ordinator and
                                                                    Chairperson of the Faculty of Arts Research Committee. He was invited to
                                                                    be a Research Fellow at Goldsmiths’ College, University of London, during

                                                                    Mrs Debbie Lutge represented the Department at a workshop at the
                                                                    University of Cape Town on the accreditation of creative outputs in the field of
                                                                    Performance. Miss Tina le Roux, theatre manager at the Courtyard Theatre, is
                                                                    completing her Masters degree in Drama and Performance Studies at UKZN.
                                                                    The Department annually mounts productions at the Grahamstown Festival
                                                                    of the Arts.

                                                                    English and Communication
                                                                    Professor Graham Stewart co-ordinates two research projects, the UKZN
                                                                    Literary Map Website and the KZN Literary Map Workbench Project. The
                                                                    UKZN/DUT research team has signed a two-year contract with Tourism
                                                                    KwaZulu-Natal, which was impressed by the number of website hits the site
 Drama students at the DUT experiment with the self, masked and
                                                                    continues to attract from Internet users throughout the world.
                                                                    Professor Stewart has created the Workbench as a virtual workroom for
                                                                    the authoring of entries for the KZN Map. The “Virtual Workbench” gives
                                                                    contributors a shared, but protected, web space to create author entries, add
                                                                    suitable extracts and upload photographs. The DUT’s Educational Technology
                                                                    Division’s WebCT software is designed to facilitate online collaboration – users
                                                                    can access it via the Internet using a password. Contributors may now vet each
                                                                    other’s entries, and help to build each entry by adding information, material or
                                                                    giving advice. Once everyone is satisfied with an entry, it is published on the
                                                                    main KZN Map site. There are 10 participating contributors from two local
                                                                    universities (UKZN and DUT) and two overseas universities (universities of
                                                                    Duisburg and Essen). An introductory workshop for local participants was
                                                                    held in March 2005 at the DUT to develop familiarity with the Workbench.

  An Arts Foundation student learns online research skills in the
  PRINTS Project.

  26        Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                                         Faculty of Arts

Fashion and Textiles
Meena Bagwandin, Philippa Kethro, Beverley
Sutherland and Farida Kadwa attended
workshops on publishing and writing articles
to submit for publication in journals. Philippa
Kethro and Bev Sutherland presented research
papers at the Faculty of Arts Research Day
2005. The Department has four M.Tech
students registered, two of whom will complete
their studies in 2005.

Fine Art
Staff of the Fine Art Department continue
to involve themselves in contributing to the
visual arts in their various disciplines including
Sculpture, Painting, Printmaking, Ceramics,
                                                                                 Fashion and Textiles students are challenged to design and produce
and Drawing. They were involved in producing
                                                                                 top-class garments.
art for exhibitions, curating exhibitions, cultural exchange programmes, print
exchanges, community art projects and art as advocacy, to name but a few.
The Department had five M. Tech students registered in 2005.

Jan Jordaan continued his valuable contribution to society through “Art for
Humanity”. Their “Art as Advocacy” programme involved Print exchanges, an
ongoing billboard project highlighting the issues of HIV and AIDS as well
as numerous other art community initiatives. As a result, Jan was invited to
present papers at a number of international conferences.

Andries Botha initiated and co-ordinated the Tangencia Project, an
international event held in Durban that includes exhibitions, public art
projects and discussion fora. Artists from around the country and abroad
took part in this event, which focused on Durban as an “essentially African
city”. It promises to become a regular event on the Arts calendar.

Camilla Copley attended a workshop run by the KZNSA on writing for the
arts. She has been the chairperson of the KZNSA exhibitions committee for
two years. She curated the exhibition, “Being Here”, for the KZNSA Centenary     Fine Arts students are exposed to a variety of media.
Exhibition of Contemporary Durban Art.

M.Tech student Bernice Stott completed her studies and held her final
exhibition at Artspace Durban in August. It deals with HIV/AIDS concerns
and feminist issues in a challenging and thought-provoking way. Bernice
delivered a paper at DUT Research Day 2005, based on the theoretical
component of her B. Tech research.

                                                                                                                    Research Report 2005          27
Faculty of Arts

                                                                         Graphic Design
                                                                         The international profile of the Research Niche Area project, Appropriate
                                                                         Design Education for Sustainable Development, has been high. In February
                                                                         2005 Professor Ian Sutherland visited Auckland University of Technology
                                                                         (AUT) in New Zealand and the University of South Australia, to observe
                                                                         good practice in establishing appropriate regional design histories as well
                                                                         as digital archives for Graphic Design. Kate Wells delivered a paper at an
                                                                         international conference, conducted on-site ‘walkabouts’ and gave illustrated
                                                                         presentations on the Siyazama Project at the new Museum of World Culture
                                                                         in Gothenburg, Sweden.

                                                                         Hers was one of three South African projects invited to exhibit at the year-
Professor Ian Sutherland and Honours students in the Department of
Graphic Design.                                                          long “No Name Fever: AIDS in the Age of Globalisation” exhibition at this
                                                                         prestigious museum. The Ackerman Foundation of South Africa responded
                                                                         favourably to a request for funding for the Siyazama Project in May 2005.
                                                                         Wells and the Foundation are engaged in a joint contract to enable the project
                                                                         to achieve a sustainable business model, as well as undertake fundraising
                                                                         activities on behalf of the rural craftswomen involved in the project.

                                                                         The Graphic Design Department organised a seminar at the City Campus,
                                                                         titled “Design, Health and Community”. Dr White’s keynote address described
                                                                         how CAHHM aims to encourage change in the way people learn, work and
                                                                         communicate in healthcare, and encourages and supports trusting, creative
                                                                         partnerships between medical and health professionals, artists and the
                                                                         public. There are many interesting similarities to the work in the Department
                                                                         of Graphic Design, Health and Community and CAHHM. The meetings are
                                                                         providing an excellent opportunity to discuss evaluation methodologies and,
                                                                         in particular, assessment criteria.

                                                                         Piers Carey has been invited to present his paper, “Towards Graphic Design
                                                                         Histories for South Africa”, in London.

                                                                         Interior Design
                                                                         The Department of Interior Design was approached by CHED and CQPA at
                                                                         the beginning of 2005 to run a pilot study for service learning at DUT and
                                                                         to address the question: “Where is the learning in service learning?” The
                                                                         Department was selected because it had developed, during the last three
                                                                         years, a strong community-based design programme for its second-year level
                                                                         of tuition. The Department worked with two members of Academic Support
                                                                         to formulate a programme that not only introduced the student to the idea of
                                                                         service learning, but also enabled an integrated educational approach using
                                                                         all subjects offered, to second-year students. The introduction of intentional
Ms Kate Wells and members of the Siyazama Project display their beaded   learning goals with a large reflective component shifted the emphasis from
                                                                         community service to learning and authentic student assessment. Cally
                                                                         du Toit, currently in the first year of her M.Ed degree, led the design project,
                                                                         an education centre for CROW (Centre for Rehabilitation of Wildlife). Keith
                                                                         Pellew introduced students to the ideas behind service learning and prepared,
                                                                         monitored and guided reflections during the process. The pilot project will be
                                                                         used to inform the institution’s future planning for service learning in other

   28        Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                                        Faculty of Arts

Jewellery Design
The Department’s main area of research is part of the niche area, Appropriate
Design Education for Sustainable Development. Research activities centre
on traditional Zulu craft skills and the aim of developing a uniquely South
African body of jewellery. Skills focused on are Shembe beadwork, tyre-
cutting (as used in the making of ezimbadada, or sandals) and Ilala weaving.
Research findings were presented at a conference for Qualitative Research in
Melbourne, Australia, in July 2005.

To support the development of research, the Department aims to establish
a methodology suited specifically to the Department and its activities, a
process that is taking place mainly within the B. Tech programme. The key
researcher is HOD Chris de Beer, who is examining a methodology known
as Action Research.

M. Tech postgraduate student Marlene de Beer is researching issues of             Jewellery design students at DUT regularly scoop awards in national
identity and how it manifests in the design process.                              competitions. Christy-Anne Bestwick’s fern lacework necklace, in gold
                                                                                  and featuring textured elements, won 2nd prize in the AngloGold
                                                                                  Ashanti Riches of Africa competition in 2005.
Advocate Robin Sewlal’s current research is on media policy and regulation in
southern Africa, a subject on which he has been commissioned to contribute
to a book.

Dr Mikhail Peppas is researching the area of mobile television, with specific
reference to the concept, technology and communication implications of
digital convergence linked to the delivery of television signals to cell phone
handsets. First-year diploma learners hosted and presented papers at a
conference, “Fifty years of the Freedom Charter – have the people prevailed?”
B. Tech learners are engaged in research on a variety of areas including
media violence, perception, ethics, media freedom and media coverage.
The Department is involved in ongoing research into establishing a campus-
based radio station.

Language and Translation
Dr Tra-bi Goh’s current research project is “Writing systems: Rhythm in
tonal (African) languages, their logic and common writing form”. This is an
Indigenous Knowledge Systems (IKS) research project funded by the NRF
and DUT under the auspices of “Jousse’s seminal learning theories” and           Lisa Hansen’s upper-arm bangle reflects creativity in its design, to capture
                                                                                 the effect of a waterfall.
“conceptualising Indigenous Knowledge Systems”.

R. L. Makhubu, who is working towards a doctorate in the field of interpreting,
presented at the KZN Language Indaba in celebration of International Mother-
Tongue Day. She also presented at a conference in Finland. She is an invited
panellist at the 2006 IATIS conference. Makhubu reviewed articles for the
SAFOS journal, Alternation, in 2005 and is reviewing articles for presentation
at the 2006 IATIS conference.

Dr S. Zulu was a panel member on debates organised by the GKI Exhibition
Steering Committee on the topic Poverty and Global Economics. She
took part in the 2003 Women’s Parliament debate in the Pietermaritzburg

                                                                                                                      Research Report 2005           29
Faculty of Arts

                                                                         Legislature, on the topic, The role of women in nation-building and the role
                                                                         of the Legislature in capacitating women; and the 2004 Women’s Parliament
                                                                         debate in Newcastle, on Women building a South Africa that truly belongs to
                                                                         us all. Zulu has moderated three Masters dissertations and six Doctorates.

                                                                         Richard Hondy’s current research is Situated Learning in post-1994 South
                                                                         African Communities of Practice. He has presented a paper at an international

                                                                         Abdul Haq Bhorat is completing his M.Tech research, titled The development
                                                                         of an appropriate model for a multi-media centre at the Durban University of
                                                                         Technology. At the same time he is editing and digitising some of his early
                                                                         teaching, learning and archival videos recorded during the Technikon Natal
A student with the help of a technician, shoots an advert with a large
format camera in the DUT studio.                                         era onto DVD format. Moses Khubisa is also completing his M. Tech degree,
                                                                         focusing on the history of self-taught photographers in Durban.

                                                                         Video Technology
                                                                         Main areas of research have been in the form of Masters dissertations on
                                                                         children, television and interactive multi-media (Cary Burnett), and outside
                                                                         broadcasts (Pete Burnett). Pete Burnett will continue research in the area of
                                                                         outside broadcasts for the D. Tech degree. The Department offers a Diploma
                                                                         at present and a B. Tech degree will be in place next year.

 The Video Technology Department provides a dynamic, ‘real-life’
 learning and research environment.

   30        Durban University of Technology
Research in the

Faculty of Commerce
Message from the Executive Dean
The number of students registered for higher degrees has grown, with nine
pursuing M.Tech qualifications (Management), two D. Tech and two Masters
(Governmental Studies); 13 Masters ( Marketing); two D. Tech, one Masters
(Operations & Quality Management); three Masters (Public Relations).

Some 30 abstracts in three categories – two of which were aimed at building
capacity among emerging and women scholars – were submitted for the
Faculty Research Day in 2005. Ms Shalini Singh (Department of Operations
and Quality Management) won ‘Best Paper’ presentation. Professor Dinesh
Jinabhai, of the Human Resources Management Department, has been
appointed Research Co-ordinator. He is responding to the increasing demand
for inputs on institutional research policies and is co-editor for Commercium
Journal, a new publication being evaluated for ISI accreditation. This research
intervention by the UoTs Management Sciences Research Collaboration
Committee should provide a research outputs platform.
                                                                                            Professor Malcolm Wallis
The Faculty journal, Research Bulletin of Commerce (Reboc), edited by Dr
Reddy of the Department of Applied Law, continues to serve as a valuable
publication outlet. Several staff have been financially assisted to deliver
papers, expected to be published in ISI-accredited journals, at national and
international conferences.
The Financial Management and Information Technology NRF Research Niche            ◗ Information Technology
Area for small businesses in rural areas continues. A significant measure of       ◗ Management
community involvement is involved and a highlight was a visit to DUT by the
Amakhosi.                                                                         ◗ Marketing

The University of Wolverhampton (United Kingdom) appointed Dr Roger               ◗ Governmental Studies
Mason (Department of Marketing) an Honorary Research Fellow.                      ◗ Hospitality Management
Staff are pursuing doctoral qualifications, which is an excellent response to         Sciences
our need for a critical mass of internal supervisors and examiners. Staff are
registered for higher degrees at North West (Governmental Studies), Cape
Town (Law), Zululand (Public Relations Management) and KwaZulu-Natal

Heads of Departments are urged to continue to help staff engage in
research-related activities, with particular emphasis on publications in peer-
reviewed, ISI-accredited journals. This is the benchmark by which Faculties,
and the Institution, are measured by the Higher Education Quality Assurance
Committee (HEQC).
                                                Professor Malcolm Wallis

                                                                                                     Research Report 2005   31
Faculty of Commerce

                                                           Information Technology
                                                           The key researchers in this project are Dr T. Nepal, Professor M. Wallis, Dr M.
                                                           de Beer and Dr S. Eyono Obono. The research is aimed at making a tangible
                                                           contribution to the knowledge base in the systemic development of ICT. The
                                                           group has established a Centre of Excellence in ICT within the context of rural
                                                           socio-economic development in South Africa. It collaborates with industry,
                                                           Government and other ICT stakeholders and its main activities are research,
                                                           development and technology transfer.

                                                           Models being focused on are those that will assist in developing the most
                                                           appropriate solutions and applications for ICT adoption in rural areas
                                                           of KwaZulu-Natal. Technology transfer includes exploring how current
                                                           technologies within the ICT domain can be improved or made more conducive
                                                           (e.g., for cost-effective bandwidth); to develop or adapt appropriate systems,
                                                           such as business and financial systems, that will promote early adoption of
                                                           the digital economy by rural communities. Additionally, it aims to determine
                                                           the suitability of current human-computer interfaces for rural applications and
                                                           to develop alternatives if required.

                                                           The Department of Management offers a B. Tech in Management and
                                                           Business Administration and Masters and Doctoral degrees in Business
                                                           Administration. Research is an integral part of the B. Tech Management,
                                                           leading to the M. Tech and D. Tech degrees.

                                                           There are two main areas of research in the Department:

                                                           ◗ Development – Small, medium and micro enterprises in rural and urban
                                                               areas, including inter-organisational systems in collaborative networks,
                                                               success factors, credit facilities, implementing strategic interventions
                                                               and local government support for SMMEs, as well as awareness among
 One area of research in the Department of Management is       taxpayers in rural areas.
 harbour organisation.
                                                           ◗ Management of organisations, including Fleet, Harbour and Port
                                                               management. In addition, cell phone ‘churning’ rates (switching of
                                                               service providers), the impact of new legislation on owners of multiple
                                                               firearms and the impact of IT on retailing, are also under examination.

                                                           Research on the management of organisations covers a wide and interesting
                                                           range of topics. Most of the researchers are in their penultimate year of study
                                                           and expect to submit their dissertations or theses in 2006.

  32       Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                            Faculty of Commerce

Dr Roger Mason is a co-investigator on marine ecosystems and biodiversity
as a niche area, in collaboration with the NRF and UKZN. Two Masters
dissertations relating to ecotourism and the sardine run on the KZN South
Coast have originated from this collaborative exercise.

Three staff members in the Department hold PhD degrees, one is currently
reading for a Doctoral degree and two are completing Masters degrees, in
the fields of shopping centre management and tourism. Ten students are
engaged in research towards the M. Tech in Marketing, four of whom are at
an advanced stage. The Department also has one student registered for the
D. Tech in Marketing.

Governmental Studies
Major efforts are under way to strengthen research in the Department. The
main areas of research are paradigm shift in South African public administration
and management, community participation, traditional leadership and service
delivery in the post-apartheid era, gender equality in a decentralised local
government system, impact of governmental distance in service delivery,
assessment of institutional capacity to implement the new public financial
management system in the public sector and management of diversity in the
public sector.

A co-ordinator facilitates workshops on writing research proposals and
assisting postgraduate students with data collection and presentation of
research findings. In conjunction with the CRMD, the Department arranges
                                                                                   KwaZulu-Natal’s sardine run, a phenomenon that has captured
research capacity workshops for postgraduate students and staff members.
                                                                                   world attention, is the subject of two Masters dissertations in the
                                                                                   Department of Marketing.
Two staff members presented their research at the annual Association of
Southern African Schools and Departments of Public Administration and
Management (ASSADPAM) conference.

Hospitality Management Sciences
The Department of Hospitality Management Sciences is the newly formed
Department that resulted from a merger between Hospitality Management,
Catering Studies and Food Marketing and Management.

To date, seven staff members have completed their Masters degrees through
the merged Department. Five staff members and students are registered
for their Masters degrees. Their areas of research range across Community
Nutrition, Hospitality, Tourism and Consumer Science. Key researchers are
Suna Kassier, Rishi Balkaran, Diana Anderson, Zama Ntuli and Simon Webb.
Kassier presented a poster at an International Nutrition congress in Durban.
Three presentations were made by staff at DUT Research Day 2005.

Research forms an integral part of the Diploma and B. Tech, with projects
carried out in conjunction with and for industry. B. Tech: Hospitality
Management students benefited from an excursion to Scottburgh, and each
student presented the results of a research project carried out as part of the
Research Methodology module.

                                                                                                                    Research Report 2005            33
                                         Research in the
                                         Faculty of Engineering,
                                         Science and the
                                         Built Environment
                                         Message from the Acting Executive Dean
                                         The Faculty has been recognised nationally and internationally for its leading-
                                         edge research. This has been assisted by the creation of well-funded research
                                         groups within the departments. Faculty have taken part in highly successful,
                                         University-wide research initiatives. As our research programmes continue to
                                         expand, exciting opportunities are being created. In pursuing international
                                         recognition, the Faculty has a number of research areas, including:
                                         • Biotechnology (Enzyme Technology, Plant Biotechnology, Water and
                                             Wastewater Technology)
                                         • Chemical Engineering (Membrane Technology in Water and Wastewater
                                             Treatment, Cleaner Production Technologies)
                 Professor Suren Singh   • Mathematical Modelling and Vapour-Liquid Equilibra
                                         • Chemistry (Environmental Chemistry, Thermodynamics of Liquid Mixtures,
                                             Computational Chemistry, Natural Product Chemistry and Molecular
Departments                              • Industrial Engineering (Dynamical Systems Research)
                                         • Mechanical Engineering (Advanced Materials, Design and Manufacture
◗ Biotechnology                              Research, Nano and Fibre Reinforced Composites)
                                         • Electronic Engineering (Computational Intelligence, Automations and
◗ Industrial Engineering                     Communications Technology)
◗ Civil Engineering                      • Mathematics (Computational and Numerical Mathematics, Mathematical
                                             Physics and Biology, General Relativity and Astrophysics), and
◗ Mathematics                            • Physics (Renewable Energy and Plasma Physics).
◗ Mechanical Engineering                 The appointment of Professor Faizal Bux as research co-ordinator has raised
◗ Electronic Engineering                 the research profile and demonstrates Faculty commitment to enhancing its
                                         status as a regional and national role player. Projects have resulted in more than
◗ Chemistry                              50 publications in international journals Postgraduate registration stands at 76
◗ Chemical Engineering                   Masters and 20 Doctoral students. The Faculty has 10 NRF-rated researchers.

◗ Town and Regional Planning             Research expansion has been supported by some R4.5 million from the
                                         NRF, MRC, WRC, industry and the CRMD. New equipment has been
◗ Power Engineering                      funded through the NRF and CRMD. The Tshumisano Technology Station in
                                         Mechanical Engineering, led by Professor Dave Johnson, is testimony to the
                                         development of applied research areas. I express my gratitude to all researchers
                                         and postgraduate students for their passion, dedication and commitment, and
                                         the support provided for research growth and output by the CRMD, under the
                                         leadership of Professor D Pillay, is greatly acknowledged.

                                                                                               Professor Suren Singh

34   Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                     Faculty of Engineering,
                                                                                                           Science and the Built Environment

The Department of Biotechnology has expanded its research activities,
collaborators and infrastructure.

Ongoing research focuses on Enzyme Technology, Plant Biotechnology and
Water and Wastewater Technology.
A vibrant postgraduate research culture exists, with 10 D. Tech, 17 Masters
and two post-Doctoral students undertaking research in 2005. The research
programme is supported primarily from funding obtained from NRF, SANPAD,
the WRC and the CRMD. The Department continues to strive for producing
quality in teaching and research.

1. Enzyme Technology
Led by Professor S. Singh and Dr K. Permaul, this group is investigating the
                                                                                 Dr Kugen Permaul, Associate Director and researcher in the DUT’s
production and application of thermostable enzymes. The research involves the    Department of Biotechnology.
application of biotechnological processes in the production and modification
of enzymes important in the food, detergent, textile and pulp and paper
industries. Enzymes include proteases (in the detergent preparations and
textile industry), amylases and pullulanases (starch processing industry) and
xylanases (pulp and paper industries). Most enzymes currently produced in
bulk are obtained from microbial sources. The group is seeking thermostable
enzymes with an industrial application, to characterise attributes, optimise
enzyme production, investigate methods of application and, finally, tailor the
enzymes to suit particular industries.

Enzymes are being enhanced by a molecular technique called “directed
evolution”, which creates organisms that produce improved enzymes better
suited for industrial purposes. This research is important in establishing
biological alternatives to the chemical industry, which is heavily reliant on
environmentally threatening fossil fuels and toxic chemicals.

2. Plant Biotechnology
The area of plant biotechnology being researched is exploiting undeveloped
and poorly researched plants for their economic and health-giving potential.
The focus is on exploiting local indigenous plants for their commercialisation
value, their potential for bioremediation, and for phytochemicals with
novel biological properties that can be used as anti-bacterial, anti-fungal,
anti-oxidative and immuno-modulating agents to supplement current
chemoprotective compounds against AIDS and related infections.

Through bio-manipulation and micro-propagation of these plants in tissue
culture systems the researchers will be able to enhance the production of the
metabolically important compounds. These plants will then be re-introduced
into the field for their increased value.

Other research areas include the development of new commodities, e.g.,
beverages, beers, wine, and jams from exotic plants. Previous research in
this field by the group has produced important information related to twenty
locally used vegetables. Currently, biotechnological principles are being           Professor Bharti Odhav examines plants in her garden ‘laboratory’.
used to develop products for the nutraceutical, cosmetic, pharmacological

                                                                                                                     Research Report 2005           35
Faculty of Engineering,
Science and the Built Environment

                                                                          and environmental industries. The research team is from the Departments
                                                                          of Biotechnology, Food Technology and Medical Technology. It is headed by
                                                                          Professor B. Odhav and team members include Dr L. Reddy, Professor H.
                                                                          Baijnath, Mr V. Mohanlal, Ms S. Juglal, Dr M. Sankar, six M. Tech students
                                                                          and several B. Tech students.

                                                                          3. Water and Wastewater Technology
                                                                          This research activity area is housed in the Centre for Water and Wastewater
                                                                          Technology and is led by Professor Faizal Bux. The research thrust is on the
                                                                          development of suitable technology for the remediation of domestic and
                                                                          industrial waste streams and provision of potable water to the community.
                                                                          Research projects Include:
                                                                          ◗   Bioremediation of heavy metal wastewaters using biosorption technology
                                                                          ◗   Microbial population dynamics in wastewater treatment
 Professor Suren Singh and Dr Kugen Permaul (standing, back, from left)   ◗   Activated sludge bulking
 with enzyme technology research students.
                                                                          ◗   Biological nutrient removal
                                                                          ◗   Biological treatment of industrial effluents
                                                                          ◗   Production of valuable by-products from effluent waste streams
                                                                          ◗   Monitoring of specific endocrine-disrupting chemicals in the environment
                                                                              through industrial discharges
                                                                          ◗ Development of a low-cost water treatment process for use in rural areas.

                                                                          The projects are executed in consultation with industrial partners and the
                                                                          community. Advantages include a reduction in environmental impacts through
                                                                          lower levels of effluent discharges, and commercial products being generated
                                                                          from waste streams. The team is comprised of Professor Bux and Mr F. M.
                                                                          Swalaha, research assistant Mr Degenaar, five full-time Doctoral students,
                                                                          five Masters students and B. Tech and Diploma students. The activity area is
                                                                          recognised as a RNA by the NRF, within the IRDP programme.

                                                                          In 2005 13 Masters and Doctoral students graduated, four books, chapters and
                                                                          technical reports were published, along with eight articles in peer-reviewed
                                                                          journals. There were 14 national conference presentations and six international
                                                                          presentations. Visitors included PhD student Fukushima Toshikazu, from the
                                                                          Institute of Environmental Studies, University of Tokyo, Japan. His expertise lies
                                                                          in novel molecular techniques for microbial community analysis of enhanced
                                                                          biological phosphorus removal systems. His visit provided opportunities
                                                                          for technology transfer in the development of Real Time PCR (for microbial
                                                                          population studies in biological wastewater treatment systems), and other
                                                                          molecular techniques.

                                                                          There was also valuable exchange of experimental data, discussions on the
 Water and wastewater technology research takes place on site.            application of bioassays for the detection of persistent organic pollutants in
                                                                          aquatic environments and optimising the DGGE technique.

  36        Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                      Faculty of Engineering,
                                                                                                            Science and the Built Environment

Industrial Engineering
The Centre for Systems Research (CSR), part of the Department of Industrial
Engineering, has developed a dynamic systems simulation approach to
studying a number of research questions in the fields of ecology, biology,
engineering, science and management. The centre has recently invested a lot
of its effort, expertise and experience into using simulations for understanding
the complexity of wildlife reserves. Professor Kevin Duffy directs the CSR,
which co-ordinates and draws on the research experience of 10 DUT staff.

Two of the researchers are Associate Professors and four have Doctoral
degrees. Evidence of the success of the CSR is evident from the following
◗ A number of scientific articles have been published
◗ The CSR has hosted many post-Doctoral Fellows, mainly from overseas,
    including two during 2005
◗ The CSR supervises and helps supervise in the order of 10 Masters and
    five Doctoral students each year
◗ The CSR has been awarded Niche Area status, and is funded by the
◗ The CSR attracts good funding.

Civil Engineering
Postgraduate students in the Department are carrying out research
investigations into a number of areas critical to quality of life in the urban
context. These include examining the implications of urban sprawl in Durban’s
infrastructure, improving existing gravel roads to blacktop standard in the
Clermont area, and a cost model for the evaluation of different options in
township infrastructure projects.                                                  Civil Engineering research students record data during an experiment on
                                                                                   parallel pumps.
Other Masters student investigations include the use of artificial neural
networks for pavement design analysis, the effectiveness of road safety
education in KwaZulu-Natal and travel patterns and the safety of
schoolchildren in the eThekwini Municipality. The utilisation and sustainability
of the Maqalika Reservoir as a source of potable water for Maseru City in
Lesotho is under investigation, as well as integrated groundwater resource
management for the water supply of the Likotsi Wellfield in Lesotho.

A dissertation on design methodology for the supply of subterranean water
through the use of wind energy met the requirements for an M.Tech degree,
while a doctoral thesis titled Towards a safer minibus taxi industry in South
Africa was successfully examined.

                                                                                   A Civil Engineering student is put through the paces in the setup and use
                                                                                   of a theodolite.

                                                                                                                      Research Report 2005            37
Faculty of Engineering,
Science and the Built Environment

                                                      The main areas of research, and researchers involved in these areas, are:

                                                      ◗ Dr R Naidoo: Computational and Numerical Mathematics and
                                                          Computational Fluid Dynamics, Mathematics Education and Computer
                                                          Software Design.
                                                      ◗ Professor S Moyo: Mathematics, Mathematical Physics and Mathematical
                                                      ◗ Mrs S Misthry: General Relativity and Astrophysics.

                                                      As a service department, the Mathematics Department does not have
                                                      postgraduate students. However, some members of staff are involved in
                                                      the supervision of higher degree students registered in other departments.
                                                      Professor Moyo is supervising an M. Tech student while Dr Naidoo is
                                                      supervising four M. Tech and two D. Tech students.

                                                      Mechanical Engineering
                                                      1. CADENCE
                                                      The Centre for Advanced Materials, Design and Manufacture Research is an
                                                      internationally recognised group of Mechanical Engineering academics based
                                                      at the DUT. Their research and development efforts are focused primarily on
                                                      composites, advanced design methodologies and manufacturing. Professor
                                                      Mark Walker leads the group, together with Professor Dave Johnson.
                                                      Funding is sourced from industry, as well as the NRF’s Technology and
                                                      Human Resources for Industry Programme (THRIP), the Innovation Fund, as
                                                      well as the DUT.

                                                      Their primary purpose is to provide resources that assist local industries,
                                                      which fall into the composites/structural and manufacturing sectors, to solve
                                                      technical problems that impact on their growth and performance. In general
                                                      the focus of the team involved in this niche area is to:
                                                      ◗ Partner industry (particularly those within the composites sector) in
                                                          solving design problems
                                                      ◗ Develop advanced design methodologies and tools for industry
                                                      ◗ Partner the composites industry in solving materials problems, e.g.,
                                                          finding out why composites behave as they do and determining better
                                                          ways of using such materials
                                                      ◗ Develop applications for advanced composites to enhance industry
                                                          competitiveness and build prototypes for industry demonstrations
                                                      ◗ Develop better ways of using advanced machine tools (like CNC
                                                          equipment) to enhance industry competitiveness (particularly with
                                                          regards to prototyping, reducing errors and scrap, and advanced
Researchers work on a high-performance, carbon fibre       scheduling).
bicycle racing rim, a novel manufacturing method.
                                                      ◗ Develop and present short courses to industry personnel to assist with
                                                          skills development in the above-mentioned sectors and also ensure that
                                                          industry is aware of the latest developments.

   38       Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                           Faculty of Engineering,
                                                                                                                 Science and the Built Environment

The research leaders include Professor Kekana and Professor Tabakov. D.Tech
and Masters students, along with experiential learners, are involved in all aspects
of the projects. The R&D work is generally carried out with industry partners, like
Sasol, and in some cases, this entails close collaboration.

Outputs for 2005 include nine journal papers and a half-scale mock-up of a
prototype unmanned combat aircraft (UCAV) for Kentron/Denel. Professors
Walker, Kekana and Tabakov are NRF-rated researchers.

2. Nano and Fibre Reinforced Composites
This Mechanical Engineering research group is currently involved in the study
of nanophased as well as fibre-reinforced composite materials for a variety
of engineering applications. The research group is headed by Professor
K. Kanny and consists of five M. Tech students: Mr V.K. Moodley, Mr A.
Ramsaroop, Mr D. Govender, Mr Y. Li and Mr P. Dilsani.
                                                                                      Researchers use a soldering iron to repair a computer.
Electronic Engineering
Research is an integral and important part of the programmes at B. Tech, M.
Tech and D. Tech levels. The main focus areas are Computational Intelligence,
Automation and Communications Technology.

Current research being conducted at the B. Tech level includes total integrated
automation of a packaging system, a strain gauge protection system and a
Fishtail queuing project. At M. Tech level, research is under way on developing
a system for teaching turbo-code, forward-error correction techniques.
Also, two projects on computational intelligence, along with work on fault
diagnostics using artificial immune systems, image shift identification using
paradigms of computational intelligence, and demand side management
using paradigms of computational intelligence are all under inquiry.

Research in the Chemistry Department is growing at an encouraging pace
and, despite heavy teaching loads, more staff members are becoming
involved in supervising students at postgraduate ands at B. Tech levels.
Staff and students within the Department have presented papers at local
and international conferences and work has been published in international

Postgraduate studies are being carried out by one D. Tech and six M. Tech

The Chemistry Department is involved in the following main areas of
◗ Environmental Chemistry: Analysis of organics in water, an Eskom-
    funded project. Analysis of heavy metals (including speciation) and               A Bachelor of Technology student conducting research in Environmental
    organometallic compounds in environmental samples. (Professor K. G.
    Moodley, Mr D. K. Chetty, Mr S. Govender, Mr T. Msukwini).
◗ Thermodynamics of liquid mixtures: Determination of liquid-liquid
    equilibrium data for the separation of aromatics from aliphatics/aqueous

                                                                                                                           Research Report 2005        39
Faculty of Engineering,
Science and the Built Environment

                                                                             components, using polar solvents. The research is also measuring
                                                                             thermophysical properties, such as excess volumes and enthalpies of
                                                                             liquid mixtures, giving insight into the types of forces existing between
                                                                             the components. Measurement of activity coefficients at infinite dilution
                                                                             is being done to determine industrial separation feasibility. (Dr N.
                                                                             Deenadayalu, Professor G. G. Redhi).
                                                                         ◗ Computational chemistry and molecular modelling: Computational models
                                                                             are developed to enable researchers to design more effective host-guest
                                                                             systems. The specialised hardware and software provides a broad range
                                                                             of simulation methods, enabling structural characterisation and property
                                                                             prediction for molecules, materials, and biological compounds. There are
                                                                             tools to perform molecular mechanics, dynamics, simulated annealing
                                                                             and conformational searches. (Dr K. Bisetty, Ms T. Singh).
                                                                         ◗ Natural product chemistry: This research falls within the field of Natural
                                                                             Product chemistry. The main thrust is the isolation and spectroscopic
                                                                             characterisation of novel compounds from an indigenous plant family,
  Mr S Ramsuroop carries out an experiment using vapour-liquid
                                                                             viz., Polygalaceae, which is used in traditional medicine. There is ongoing
                                                                             collaboration with researchers from the Biological Sciences Department
                                                                             relating to the assessment of novel compounds for biological activity. (Dr
                                                                             R. M. Gengan).

                                                                         Chemical Engineering
                                                                         The Department of Chemical Engineering obtained two new contract
                                                                         research projects for 2005, with total funding of approximately R1.5million. It
                                                                         is currently establishing a Centre for Cleaner Production, focused initially on
                                                                         the Metal Finishing Industry. Its main research areas are:
                                                                         ◗ Membrane technology in water and wastewater treatment (V. L. Pillay, V.
                                                                         ◗ Cleaner Production (A. Telukdarie, S. Vallabh)
                                                                         ◗ Vapour-liquid equilibria (S. Ramsuroop)
                                                                         ◗ Mathematical modelling (M. Chetty)
                                                                         There are eight M. Tech, one D. Tech, and a visiting Masters student from
                                                                         India, carrying out postgraduate studies.

                                                                         Town and Regional Planning
                                                                         Senior Lecturer Nina Foster is currently a PhD candidate in City and Regional
                                                                         Planning at Ohio State University.

                                                                         The main areas of research in this Department are:
                                                                         ◗ An investigation into the relationship between crime, fear, ‘white flight’,
Richards Bay is the subject of a DUT case study in an examination into       capital flight, city disinvestments and the growth of alternative “safer”
the role of ports in economic competitiveness by the Town and Regional
                                                                             gated centres in South African cities.
Planning Department .
                                                                         ◗ An investigation into the role of mega-projects in enhancing the economic
                                                                             competitiveness of metropolitan areas in an age of globalisation and
                                                                             intensified territorial competition. Case Study: Durban and the role of
                                                                             Dube Tradeport, Gauteng and the role of Blue IQ.

   40        Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                       Faculty of Engineering,
                                                                                                             Science and the Built Environment

◗ An evaluation of mega-projects based on tourism and sports development
    in terms of their spatial and social effects. Are these interventions reducing
    or increasing urban inequality? The study includes comparisons between
    different cities and an analysis of the differing roles of the State, private
    sector and citizen groups. Case study: uShaka Marine Park in Durban
    and some of the Blue IQ projects in Gauteng.
◗ Local needs in a globalising world – making connections between local
    challenges and the global economic context. An investigation into the
    role of ports in enhancing the economic competitiveness of regions.
    Case studies: Dube Tradeport, Coega and Richards Bay.

Power Engineering
The Department of Power Engineering has been associated with, and
involved in, various research and community outreach projects. The interest
in such projects is, however, limited to investigation and academic assistance
for research purposes in extending interest and collaboration in Renewable
Energy Technologies [RETs] and/or applications. Project involvement is
currently also of an informal nature, based on bi-lateral, interest, trust and the
sharing of appropriate knowledge. Some of the projects include:
◗ Energy Project: providing sustainable renewable energy to Myeka High
    School in Inanda, KwaZulu-Natal
◗ Electrical and water provisions: a clinic and primary school using RETs
◗ Sustainable water pumping: provision of water to a vegetable garden
    at a rural AIDS orphanage within the Fredville community, Inchanga,
◗ Renewable Energy Applications in agriculture: project to demonstrate
    the use of RETs in agricultural application                                      The Department of Power Engineering used ‘pyramids’ of hybrid
                                                                                     renewable energy sources to take clean water to the rural area of
One of the major undertakings was the Nongoma Project, the aim of which              Nongoma, a TELP, USAID-funded project.
was to supply clean water to two rural communities in KwaZulu-Natal. This
used hybrid renewable energy sources comprising photo-voltaic cells, wind
generators and gas-powered generators.

                                                                                                                       Research Report 2005              41
                                        Research in the
                                        Faculty of Health Sciences
                                        Message from the Executive Dean
                                        Having set specific targets for 2005, we began the year with vigorous
                                        enthusiasm towards achieving these. Chief among these were the need to
                                        establish a culture of research and publication in the Faculty and to establish
                                        at least two or three collaborative research groups with a view to developing
                                        research proposals for submitting to funding agencies to support our research
                                        efforts. There have been mixed results.

                                        With assistance from the office of the Director of the Centre for Research
                                        Management and Development, a publications workshop was held mid-
                                        year and 20 staff members participated. Hopes were high that we would
                                        have at least half of those papers published or, at the very least, accepted for
                                        publication by the end of the year. This was not met. In most cases, this had
                   Professor N Gwele
                                        nothing to do with the quality of the papers, but rather with the selection of the
                                        journals for submission. These were largely international, high impact journals
                                        with stringent selection criteria, long waiting lists and high rejection rates. Our
                                        mistake was in attempting to run before we could crawl. The authors have since

Departments                             re-directed those articles to journals more accessible to beginning authors and
                                        therefore, more likely to be developmental in their approach.
◗ Human Biology                         With regard to establishing collaborative research groups, this we have
◗ Postgraduate Nursing Studies          achieved. We employed a research co-ordinator/assistant whose work with
                                        staff has been invaluable, especially in helping with literature searches and
◗ Biomedical Technology                 identifying resources such as health statisticians and language editors, for
◗ Emergency Medical Care and            those who needed such services. We are hopeful that at least two collaborative
                                        research proposals will be submitted for funding early next year.
                                        The 2005 Research Day was informative and intellectually stimulating for
◗ Child and Youth Development
                                        participants and presenters. The research abstracts submitted evidence a wide
◗ Chiropractic                          range of areas that form the core of research in the health sciences.

◗ Homeopathy                            Our work with postgraduate supervision continues to be successful. The June
◗ Dental Technology                     2005 graduation ceremonies saw the Faculty graduating six research Masters
                                        students and coursework Masters students. In addition, a first Doctoral degree
◗ Clinical Technology                   was awarded in the Faculty. Dr J. Adams was awarded the D. Tech degree in
◗ Environmental Health                  Clinical Technology. We congratulate the student and her supervisor on this
                                        landmark achievement in the Faculty of Health Sciences at the DUT.
◗ Radiography
                                        As a Faculty, we are committed to driving the ethos of good scholarship as
                                        we continue to take seriously the significance of publishing our work. We
                                        are aware that through research initiatives, activities and dissemination the
                                        Faculty as a whole will be able to grow, through constructive and thought-
                                        provoking engagement with one’s peers.

                                                                                                     Professor N Gwele

42    Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                             Faculty of Health Sciences

Human Biology
There are four main areas of scientific interest within the Department of
Human Biology: Anatomy, Physiology, Pathology and Pharmacology.

The core of research centres on anatomical studies conducted primarily within
the Clinical Anatomy Research Unit (CARU), which is attached to the main
learning and teaching facility in the Faculty. The CARU is equipped with facilities
to conduct investigations that require gross and micro-dissection, histological
preparations and plastination of both foetal and cadaveric specimens. The
main areas of investigation involve cardiac, vascular and educational anatomy,
with a recent focus on reconstructive surgical anatomy.

In the past five years, the Department has formed collaborative links with
the universities of Pretoria, Witwatersrand and Durban-Westville (now
UKZN), clinicians at the Saint Augustine’s, Entabeni and Inkosi Albert Luthuli
                                                                                      Students dissect a cadaver during a Human Biology course.
hospitals and, internationally, with the Mayo Clinic and the University of
Louisville, USA.

The Anatomy Section continues to be the central office for the Anatomical
Society of Southern Africa (ASSA) and the ASSA Education Committee. The
Anatomy Section is represented internationally on the American Association
of Anatomists and the American Association of Clinical Anatomists.

The Department proudly announced the overwhelming success in the hosting
of the 2004 Conference of the Anatomical Society of Southern Africa, which
was attended by more than 200 national and international delegates.

In the last three years the Research Unit has produced 10 publications in
accredited journals, 10 international and 14 national presentations, one
international book review and four international manuscript reviews for the
Journal of Clinical Anatomy. In addition, the CARU also collaborates within
the Faculty with the Departments of Radiography, Dental Technology and
Emergency Medical Care and Rescue. Research within the CARU has been
supported by the Anglo American/Oppenheimer Trust and the American
Association of Anatomists. The primary focus of physiological research within
the Department has been hypertension and the influence of behavioural
patterns as a predisposing factor in its aetiology. Results of this ongoing
research were presented at the Congress of the Physiological Society of
South Africa.

The Department of Human Biology is committed to the progression of research
and offers open collaboration for applied research within the Faculty.

Postgraduate Nursing Studies
Research is an integral part of all our programmes, viz., B.Tech, M.Tech              Postgraduate students discuss patient histories with a clinic sister.
and Doctoral studies. The B.Tech prepares students for writing research
proposals, which is used as the basis for further research in each of the areas
of specialisation. At Masters level, students have the option of Coursework
or Research. The Department’s main focal areas are Health Systems and
Policy research.

                                                                                                                             Research Report 2005             43
Faculty of Health Sciences

                                                                             Research outputs at B.Tech level consisted of the following research
                                                                             ◗ The implications of the new dispensing regulation for Occupational
                                                                                 Health Nursing Practitioners in Durban
                                                                             ◗ Evaluation of a training programme for professional nurses in selected
                                                                                 clinics in the eThekwini Municipality designed to improve implementation
                                                                                 of national policy for breast feeding.

                                                                             At Masters level, research outputs comprised of:
                                                                             ◗   A needs assessment of the Bhambayi community, with a view to planning
                                                                                 an improved programme for home-based care for people living with HIV
                                                                                 and AIDS
Research students analyse data at a workshop.                                ◗   An investigation into the factors affecting under-utilisation of the
                                                                                 Phelandaba Clinic’s labour ward by low-risk pregnant women in
                                                                                 Maputaland, Northern KwaZulu-Natal
                                                                             ◗   An investigation into perceptions among different groups of African men
                                                                                 and traditional healers regarding the myth of the virgin cure for HIV/AIDS
                                                                                 in eThekwini Municipality.

                                                                             In addition, there are two Doctoral studies under way – one, which is at final
                                                                             stage, investigates the integration and development of Van Aswegen’s model
                                                                             of critical thinking within a nursing programme, to promote critical reflective

                                                                             The second looks at de-stigmatisation of HIV and AIDS in order to encourage

                                                                             Biomedical Technology
                                                                             Research in the various disciplines of Biomedical Technology is multifaceted
                                                                             and dynamic, with the aim to engender an ethos of research among students
                                                                             at lower levels of the Diploma by means of assignments, projects, practicals,
                                                                             critiquing of journal articles and case studies. This culminates, in the final
                                                                             level, in presentation of an integrated learning project that requires students
                                                                             to critically integrate at least three disciplines of Biomedical Technology.
                                                                             Principles of research methodology are elaborated upon at B. Tech level.

                                                                             The B. Tech syllabus was re-curriculated to include more active research
                                                                             through a research project, to encourage and nurture research in order that
                                                                             it be pursued further at M.Tech level.

                                                                             The niche, or research focus area, is HIV and AIDS related disorders. Currently
Biomedical Technology research methodology is integrated in a multi-         one student is registered for the M.Tech in Biomedical Technology, and her
faceted , dynamic manner to create a strong research ethos among students.   focus area is Cytokines in HIV/AIDS.

                                                                             Staff and students within the Department have presented papers and posters
                                                                             at local and national Biomedical Technology Congresses, as well as other
                                                                             fora. Two staff have Masters degrees, while currently other members of staff
                                                                             are in the process of registering for Masters degrees.

   44        Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                      Faculty of Health Sciences

Emergency Medical Care and Rescue
The year 2005 was significant for the Department of Emergency Medical
Care and Rescue, heralding the inception of its Masters Degree programme
– the first of its kind in South Africa. Its inaugural year saw six confirmed
registrations, with an additional four set to register in the near future. They
will be involved in research with a clinical focus, rescue orientated research
and EMCR-related health systems research.The programme team consists
of HoD Raveen Naidoo, currently studying for the MSc (Cardiology) degree
at the University of Brighton, UK; Robert Owen, former HoD, now working
towards his PhD at University of Surrey, UK; Nick Castle (MSc.Cardiology)
Professor Nirusha Lachman (PhD Anatomy) and Professor Linda Grainger
(PhD Nursing).

Research has been consistent and, with the introduction of the Masters            An instructor demonstrates rope rescue techniques.
programme, commitment to publishing by academic staff and directed B.Tech:
EMC research projects, we look forward to an increase in publications.

Robert Owen and Nick Castle who, in 2004, had three publications in
accredited journals under the auspices of DUT, remain involved with the
Department on a research front despite their relocation to England.

In 2005 the HPCSA: Professional Board of Emergency Practitioners (PBECP)
requested two pilot studies in a pre-hospital emergency environment into rapid
sequence intubation (RSI) and pre-hospital thrombolysis. The Department
is in the process of obtaining ethical and provincial health approval for this
research. We are proud to be part of this pioneering effort, which represents
the first-ever attempt by PBECP to obtain evidence in support of advanced
life support skills, and its impact, on patient outcomes in South Africa.

The momentum created in the Department by these events has been
refreshing, and we intend to continue leading the way in research, with
special attention to areas of expertise that are ‘truly South African’.

Child and Youth Development
Students in the Department of Child and Youth Development completed
eight B. Tech mini-research papers in 2004. Supervision was split between
four lecturers, in order to build capacity within the Department.

The topics were:
◗   The nature and challenges facing child-headed households as a result of
                                                                                  The first cohort of Masters students in Emergency Medical Care and
    HIV/AIDS and poverty in South Africa – Mbele,V., supervised by Frida          Rescue with senior staff members.
◗   Exploring the phenomena of children from the street through their lived
    experiences - Hargreaves, L., supervised by Fathima Dewan
◗   A comparative study of children’s and adolescents’ attitudes to children
    with HIV/AIDS – Chetty, Y., supervised by Frida Rundell
◗   Caring for the caregivers: The challenges facing caregivers in an informal
    settlement – Naidoo, S., supervised by Frida Rundell

                                                                                                                      Research Report 2005            45
Faculty of Health Sciences

                                                                          ◗   A phenomenological study of resiliency in young people in trouble with
                                                                              the law – Zuma, C.N., supervised by Jackie Winfield
                                                                          ◗   The impact of supervision on the performance of child and youth care
                                                                              workers in residential settings – Makhan K. H., supervised by Jackie
                                                                          ◗   Wilderness therapy as treatment for adolescents in conflict with the law
                                                                              – Smith, D.C., supervised by Amanda Hlengwa
                                                                          ◗   Death of a parent: Adolescent experience and coping strategies -
                                                                              Mahomed, F., supervised by Amanda Hlengwa.

                                                                          Lecturer Jackie Winfield is in the final stages of research towards her Masters
                                                                          degree. Dr Frida Rundell co-ordinated a research project in 2005, Cultural
                                                                          practices and behaviours that affect children, youth and families in South

                                                                          The Department of Chiropractic focuses on three key areas:

 Dr Frida Rundell and children from the Ukubanesibindi Centre.
                                                                          ◗   Clinical intervention studies
                                                                          ◗   Human performance enhancement
                                                                          ◗   Health care systems.

                                                                          Clinical intervention studies include biomechanical and physiological aspects
                                                                          of muscular skeletal disorders, thoracic spine pathology and epidemiology;
                                                                          low back pain and myofascial pain.

                                                                          Performance studies and motion pulpation have been carried out in terms of
                                                                          their human performance enhancement study area, while their concern with
                                                                          health systems is investigated through:

                                                                          ◗   Focus groups
                                                                          ◗   Questionnaires
                                                                          ◗   Action research
                                                                          ◗   Perceptual studies
                                                                          ◗   Climate surveys
                                                                          ◗   Validations – assessment tools.

                                                                          Research output within the Homeopathy Department emanates from two
                                                                          focus areas – clinical trials and, more recently, homoeopathic pathogenetic
                                                                          trials (HPTs), commonly known as provings.

                                                                          The clinical trials generally take the form of quantitative, randomised, double-
                                                                          blind studies (with/without placebo controls) and aim to determine the
The Department of Chiropractic operates a busy clinic on campus, which
                                                                          effectiveness, or quantify efficacy, of various homoeopathic interventions in
provides students and staff with both intensive application and research
opportunities.                                                            a variety of conditions. Clinical trials include in vitro (microbiological), in vivo
                                                                          (human studies) and a variety of horticultural studies.

    46       Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                     Faculty of Health Sciences

HPTs explore the homoeopathic therapeutic potential of new medicinal
substances, with an emphasis on indigenous substances. Trials generally
take the form of qualitative double-blind placebo controlled studies.

The Department’s research aims for the near future include collaborative,
action-based research initiatives, as well as an increased incorporation of
qualitative methods of analysis.

Formal research output includes publications in the British Homoeopathic
Journal, and oral and poster presentations at various international
homoeopathic conferences in Brazil, Hungary and Austria.

Dental Technology
The Department of Dental Technology continues to be active in laboratory and
methodological research, and is proud to report students passing both with
distinction and cum laude. Our research levels are increasing in a profession
considered ‘young’ in terms of development.

This has been an advantage in that we have been able to pioneer new industry
developments and trends. There are few Masters graduates in our profession
at this stage (approximately six) and the DUT has proudly welcomed three of
these Masters onto its staff.
                                                                                 A researcher pipettes medication as part of the medication preparation
The Department’s first Doctoral student is currently working on the               process.
methodological portion of his thesis and the project is taking on a new and
exciting shape.

Future plans include a greater degree of collaborative work with auxiliary
teams in the dental field. The Department’s maxillo-facial prosthetics research
has been extensive, although informal at this stage. The Department has
had a major impact on fulfilling community needs in this area, and has been
applauded through the Press in this regard.

A Denture Clinic was opened in 2005, heralding the start of clinical case
studies and new research areas. The Department is committed to continuing
its research in the same vein in future.

Clinical Technology
Research forms a major component of the B.Tech: Clinical Technology Degree,
in which each of seven specialist subjects are project-based and include a
portfolio of specialised procedures.

The specialised subjects are:                                                    Collaboration with auxilliary teams in the dental field is a focus of the
                                                                                 Dental Technology Department.
◗   Cardiology
◗   Pulmonology
◗   Neurophysiology
◗   Perfusion
◗   Critical Care
◗   Reproductive Biology.

                                                                                                                    Research Report 2005             47
Faculty of Health Sciences

                                                                           The M.Tech Degree is comprised of a full project undertaken in various
                                                                           specialist units in State and private hospitals where students are employed,
                                                                           and in private practices. Funding is obtained from private companies and the
                                                                           Medical Research Council (MRC), via the Supervisor.

                                                                           One staff member is registered for the D.Tech: Clinical Technology degree.
                                                                           However, most students are registered at other universities for postgraduate
                                                                           study (i.e., Masters and Doctoral).

                                                                           Environmental Health
                                                                           Two staff members graduated with their Masters: Public Administration
                                                                           (Occupational Health) and Masters: Environmental Health. One staff member
                                                                           is currently writing up his thesis and should complete his Masters degree
                                                                           by the end of 2005. A staff member has achieved an additional Masters
                                                                           qualification in Project Management. The different focus areas for their
                                                                           projects included investigating the relationship between air pollution and
                                                                           respiratory health; alternative training and teaching techniques in legislation;
                                                                           a case study on the impact of multinationals and corporations’ impacts on the
                                                                           environment; environmental impact assessments; and change management
                                                                           in organisational development.

                                                                           A staff member is registered for her PhD (Med) at the Centre for Occupational
                                                                           and Environmental Health, Department of Community Health, Nelson
                                                                           R Mandela School of Medicine, and was also awarded a travel grant of
                                                                           US$1 000 from the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology
                                                                           to present research at the 17th International Society for Environmental
                                                                           Epidemiology Conference in Johannesburg in September 2005. This staff
                                                                           member was also one of 25 candidates in South Africa selected into the South
                                                                           Africa-Netherlands Research Programme in Alternatives in Development
                                                                           (SANPAD) Research Capacitation Initiative (RCI) in 2005. This is one of the
Genetic epidemiologist Poovie Reddy achieved a cum laude pass in the       most prestigious scholarships currently offered in South Africa at PhD level,
South Africa Netherlands Partnership in Alternatives in Development        worth R160 000.
(SANPAD) research capacity initiative programme for PhD students. The
scholarship, valued at R160 000 a year, provides contact learning in       Four papers were accepted from the Department for presentation at the
research methodologies by, arguably, the best research methodologists in
South Africa and the Netherlands. She achieved the highest mark in her
                                                                           8th World Congress on Environmental Health, hosted by the South African
class of 27 PhD candidates throughout South Africa.                        Institute of Environmental Health. A staff member was requested by an NGO
                                                                           to present a paper in Ecuador in South America on environmental issues
                                                                           involving impacts of oil refineries on the health of communities. Publications,
                                                                           posters and presentations at conferences equal a total of five, of which three
                                                                           were at international level. Staff and students were well represented at the
                                                                           Faculty Research Day and received awards for ‘Best Presentation’ in the
                                                                           categories of B.Tech student and staff.

                                                                           The Department continues to be involved in a South Durban Health
                                                                           Assessment study, together with the Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine
                                                                           and the University of Michigan (USA). This exciting collaborative initiative has
                                                                           great implications for air quality management and health risk assessment, and
                                                                           is a first in Kwazulu-Natal. Third-year students compiled a health education
                                                                           manual and a CD, which were distributed to seven participating schools in

   48        Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                       Faculty of Health Sciences

the study and to relevant stakeholders in South Africa. Third-year students
also collaborated on a research project with an NGO regarding pollution
and its effect on compromised communities. This resulted in a poster and
pamphlet presentation, and the winning teams being interviewed for the
NGO’s newsletter, which is distributed internationally.

B.Tech students are, additionally, involved in a wide range of research projects
including measles prevalence, traditional circumcision, food deterioration and
consumer awareness, use of copper as a bactericidal agent in water, and
cholera outbreaks and effects. The results of these and others will be made
available to industry to assist in the management of environmental health in

Research in the Department of Radiography is initiated at first-year level with
the introduction of project-related work, in an attempt to build capacity for
further studies. Our student population includes registrants from KwaZulu-
Natal (KZN), Namibia, Swaziland, Palestine and India. The B.Tech prepares
students to complete a research proposal so that the option for further studies
is available. At Masters level, students complete a full thesis by research only,
for the qualification. Part-time students who have successfully completed a
Masters degree are currently registered for Doctoral studies.

Staff have continued to obtain higher qualifications. Three staff members            Ultrasound radiography, used as a medical imaging modality, is a
have completed research at Masters level, and two are in the final stages            painless procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves and a
of completion of their qualifications. Staff have been involved in external          computer to create images of blood vessels, tissues, and organs.
examinations of Masters students for other universities. There is room for
improvement in publications output.

The Department collaborates with the Department of Human Biology at
Faculty level and with national and international institutions, such as the
University of Sydney. Research has been supported by the Nelson R Mandela
Scholarship. Collaboration is also maintained between clinical facilities within
the public and private sectors within KwaZulu-Natal, including specialist
radiologists, oncologists, and medical physicists. The Department has an
established academic relationship with the provincial Department of Health,
which supports a high percentage of Departmental research.

Types of research under way include investigations in nuclear medicine,
ultrasonography, HIV/AIDS-related studies, oncology, quality assurance
in the radiographic laboratory, investigations into new reference ranges for
clinical diagnosis, educational research and management issues. Research
is basic as well as applied, and is based on clinical and technological
needs. Research findings have been presented regionally, nationally and

                                                                                                                      Research Report 2005             49
                                                                       Research in the

                                                                       Academic Support
                                                                       Services Sector
                                                                       Centre for Higher Education Development (CHED)
                                                                       CHED provides academic development for DUT and is cognisant of the
                                                                       definition of academic development provided by the Higher Education
                                                                       Quality Committee. Academic development is a field of research and practice
                                                                       that aims to enhance the quality and effectiveness of teaching and learning
                                                                       in higher education. CHED is bound to contribute to the field of research
                                                                       known broadly as Higher Education Studies.

                                                                       Research underpins all CHED’s activities with educators and students at the
                                                                       DUT. Researchers strive to improve their research output through improving
                                                                       their academic qualifications and undertaking work as research projects. Staff
                                                                       also encourage academics across the institution to consider their teaching as
                                                                       sites for research, and CHED provides support for this process. The current
Dr Sioux McKenna, Acting Director of CHED, is researching the use of
                                                                       national emphasis on curricula quality and the shift to learner-centred education
language in constructing ‘own’ versions of reality, a key aspect in
academic literacy and, ultimately, student success.                    provides a rich ground for encouraging academics to research and publish.

                                                                       Teaching and Learning
                                                                       This Department works towards the development and implementation of
                                                                       effective teaching, learning and assessment practices in DUT and the broader
◗    Centre for Higher Education                                       community. Research has focused on teaching and learning in terms of
     Development (CHED)                                                curriculum considerations, including assessment, teaching methodology,
                                                                       programme design, Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL), Work-Integrated
      ❂     Department of Teaching and
                                                                       Learning (WIL), integrated project-based learning and implementation of
            Learning                                                   higher education policy.
     ❂      Indigenous Knowledge Systems                               Within the Department are a number of NRF projects in the Open Focus Areas
     ❂      Educational Technology                                     of Indigenous Knowledge Systems (IKS) and Education, and in the Thuthuka
                                                                       Development Programme. While the prime aim of CHED’s applied research is
◗    The Centre for Skills Development and                             to assist in the development of quality teaching and learning at DUT, staff also
     Technology Transfer (CSDTT)                                       endeavour to publish their research.

                                                                       In 2003 the Department had four Sapse-accredited journal articles and, in 2004,
                                                                       one book, three articles and two conference proceedings papers published. Staff
                                                                       present their findings regularly at conferences, with a conference presentation
                                                                       output of 20 in 2003 and 23 in 2004. These include local and international
                                                                       conferences where two members of staff have been keynote and plenary
                                                                       presenters. Academics are currently supervising or co-supervising a total of
                                                                       nine D.Tech, six M. Tech and four M.Ed students. The Department collaborates
                                                                       with UKZN to offer a Postgraduate Diploma in Higher Education and an M.Ed.
                                                                       (Higher Education). Members also take part in various institutional and national
                                                                       research-based projects, such as the Umalusi Comparison of Curricula project,
                                                                       and the TELP-funded multi-campus delivery project.

50        Durban University of Technology
                                                                                    Academic Support Services Sector

Indigenous Knowledge Systems
The “Conceptualising Indigenous Knowledge Project” is funded by the
NRF in terms of the Indigenous Knowledge Systems’ focus area in the
sub-section “The Nature of Indigenous Knowledge”, which is currently in
its third year. The project asks the question: “Given that we are told that
complex and sophisticated thought is impossible without scribal writing,
how do we account for evidence to the contrary?” Sub-questions explore
the relationship between thought, emotion, learning, memory and expression
in various domains of human behaviour. The research group, which consists
of between 15 and 25 people, has met some 25 times and has interacted
with diverse informants. These include a group of deaf students, dancers
from Cameroon, a Zulu sangoma, a variety of drummers and Zulu women
beadworkers. In addition, the project is currently completing translations of
seven of Marcel Jousse’s seminal texts on teaching and learning, as well as
the seminal cultural work of Themba Msimang, Kusadliwa Ngoludala.

Educational Technology
This research is enriched by the different perspectives of staff who collaborate
across faculties in the use of information and communication technologies to
develop online courses and learner-centred learning materials.

The department’s Astronauts and Pioneers programmes, offered to staff
registered for the M.Ed (Higher Education) and Postgraduate Diploma in
Higher Education, in collaboration with UKZN, help to develop lecturers’
capacity to use action research to improve their online courses, and to
investigate, document and present their research findings. In the process
they acquire, or sharpen, their electronic and academic presentation skills.
There is an emphasis on peer support and mentoring and papers that are
presented during an annual community launch, held at the end of each
year, are a springboard for national and international conferences. Research
is also conducted into ensuring that educational theory in online learning
is as consistent as it is in face-to-face learning. Of particular interest is the
fit between cognitive meta-navigation and the effectiveness of the learning
design in a cyber-learning environment.

A further area of research is the development of learner-centred teaching
materials that help learners achieve SAQA Critical Cross-Field Outcomes and
promote active learning. This field has produced papers which have been
presented at conferences and resulted in copyrighted learning games.

Apart from regular paper presentations and publications at international
conferences, Educational Technology staff members contribute to research
by being judges and adjudicators at conferences, supervising Masters
theses, doing critical reading for PhDs, and reviewing international journals.
Globally, the Department has played a leading role in education innovation
and research, and numerous researchers consult DUT’s Department of
Educational Technology. Members of the Department also take part in various
institutional and national research-based projects such as the Community-
Higher Education-Service Partnership (CHESP) service learning project.

                                                                                          Research Report 2005   51
Academic Support Services Sector

                                          Centre for Skills Development
                                          and Technology Transfer (CSDTT)

                                          Research projects have focused on the niche area of Skills Development and
                                          some of the most prominent commissioned projects were performed for the
                                          Services Seta and ETDP Seta, for input into Department of Labour planning
                                          for a Skills Development Strategy in the country.

                                          Topics for the most recently completed projects included:
                                          ◗   Demographics survey of Services Skills Development
                                          ◗   Support structures available for SMMEs
                                          ◗   Current skills demand in the services sector
                                          ◗   Economic trends in the services sector
                                          ◗   Survey on temporary employment services in the sector.

                                          In addition, research surveys and desktop studies currently performed for the
                                          SSETA involve:
                                          ◗   Sales, marketing and customer care process identification
                                          ◗   Survey of business process outsourcing
                                          ◗   Employee survey on skills development processes
                                          ◗   Measuring productivity and employee/employer benefits of training
                                          ◗   SMME continuing professional development programme: review and
                                              process evaluation.

                                          ETDP research projects were performed on two topics, viz.:
                                          ◗   A customised mentorship model for South Africa
                                          ◗   Analysis of skills development and workplace skills plans in the HE

                                          In 2005 the research unit was managed by Zelda Roberts, who also authored
                                          all research reports.

  52    Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                            Higher Degree Students

Higher Degree Students: 2005
                                     Postgraduate students at DUT: 2005

                                                                              Faculty of Arts
DUT is proud that its postgraduate
student numbers are showing
healthy growth. There is clear
                                            Faculty of
evidence of a vibrant research        Health Sciences                                           Faculty of
ethos and culture developing                    43%                                             Commerce
on the campuses of the newly                                                                      18%

re-named Durban University of

The chart on the right shows
the percentage per faculty of all
postgraduate students at DUT.

                                                                      Faculty of Engineering, Science and
                                                                      the Built Environment

                                Masters and Doctorate students per Faculty
      Faculty of Arts                Faculty of Commerce   Faculty of Engineering, Science        Faculty of Health Sciences
                                                             and the Built Environment                       Doctorate

                                             12%                  Doctorate
     Doctorate                                                        21%

                 68%                             Masters                      Masters
                                                 88%                          79%                               Masters

         Total no:                         Total no:                  Total no:                               Total no:
        Masters: 23                       Masters: 53                Masters: 76                            Masters: 143
       Doctorates: 11                    Doctorates: 7              Doctorates: 20                          Doctorates: 3

                                                                                                      Research Report 2005   53
Research Capacity Building

                                                                          Research Capacity Building
                                                                          Building capacity through
The DUT’s Centre for Research                                             exposure to world‐class practice
Management and Development                                                In 2005 DUT hosted world leaders in scientific and intellectual endeavour,
(CRMD) is committed to building                                           including the 2003 Nobel Prize winner for Chemistry, Professor Peter Agre,
                                                                          and an expert in computational chemistry and molecular modelling, Professor
research capacity at individual and                                       J.J. Perez, from Barcelona, Spain. National and international links were further
institutional levels.                                                     strengthened through academic research visits and collaborative projects. Mr
                                                                          A Telukdarie, who is finalising his PhD studies in the Department of Chemical
Various interventions have been                                           Engineering, was a visiting student at Wayne University, Detroit, USA, funded
                                                                          by the NRF. His research involves cleaner production and process modelling
introduced to enhance and
                                                                          of the electroplating process. Professor Suren Singh and Dr Kugen Permaul,
accelerate research capacity, with a                                      of the Department of Biotechnology, received travel grants from the NRF and
                                                                          the Swedish International Development Co-operation Agency (SIDA), which
view to ensuring that DUT occupies
                                                                          allowed them to finalise a grant application for a collaborative project with
its rightful niche within the South                                       Lund University in Sweden.

African research arena.                                                   Nobel Prize winner presents lecture
                                                                          Professor Peter Agre, a Nobel Prize winner for Chemistry in 2003, presented
                                                                          a lecture, titled Aquaporin Water Channels – from atomic structure to clinical
                                                                          medicine, at the DUT. Professor Agre was hosted by Professor Gansen Pillay
                                                                          from the Centre for Research Management and Development (CRMD).

                                                                          Aquaporins explain the brain’s secretion and absorption of spinal fluid, the
                                                                          secretion of tears and saliva and how kidneys concentrate urine. Ironically, his
                                                                          discovery of aquaporins was serendipitous – Professor Agre was researching
                                                                          Rh blood group antigens when he noticed a contaminant. “In research you
                                                                          have a hypothesis, when you make an unexpected observation you have to
                                                                          make a decision. Either follow it up, or ignore it,” says Agre.

                                                                          Aquaporins speedily facilitate the movement of water, while normal osmosis
                                                                          is a much slower process. Aquaporin proteins have selective permeability,
                                                                          which is the difference between life and death – if kidneys reabsorbed water
                                                                          and acids, humans would develop systemic acidosis.

                                                                          Professor Agre hopes to inspire young scientists. At high school, he was
                                                                          voted ‘Most Likely to Succeed’, but quips that he left high school with a D
                                                                          in chemistry! He grew up in a science-oriented family: his father, a chemistry
Nobel Prize winner Professor Peter Agre accepts a token of appreciation
from Professor Bonganjalo Goba, following his presentation to students    lecturer, ensured that Agre saw chemistry as “fun and interesting”. In 2003,
and staff.                                                                 Professor Agre shared the $1.3 million Nobel Prize for Chemistry with Dr
                                                                          Roderick MacKinnon, of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at New
                                                                          York’s Rockefeller University. On 1 July 2005, Professor Agre moved to Duke
                                                                          University Medical Center, as Vice Chancellor for Science and Technology.

  54        Durban University of Technology
                                                                            Research Capacity Building

Seed and Equipment Grants
As part of research capacity building seed and equipment grants were made
available. These are summarised below.

 List of Equipment Grants - 2005
 Ms L Reddy, Department of Biotechnology,
  CO2 Incubator                                     R 40 000
 Prof K J Duffy, Centre for Systems Research,
   High-End Simulation Laboratory                   R 50 000
 Dr K Bisetty, Department of Chemistry,
   Linux Cluster Server                            R 100 000
 Mr A Telukdarie, Department of Chemical Engineering,
  Potentiostat-Galvanostat                          R 95 000
 Dr K Permaul, Department of Biotechnology,
   Flurometer                                      R 100 000
 Mr A Bhorat, Department of Photography, Canon
  20D Camera, Multimedia Notebook Processor         R 38 000
 Mr S Ramsuroop, Department of Chemical
  Engineering, Gas-Liquid Chromatography Unit      R 100 000
 Mrs T Padayachee, Department of Food Technology,
  Ultrasonic cell disrupter                       R39 900
 Prof S Singh, Department of Biotechnology,
   Bioreactor/Fermentation Unit                    R 100 000
 Prof F Bux, Dept of Biotechnology,
   Nikon Micromanipulator                          R 100 000

List of Seed Grant Awards - 2005
Mr P M Naidoo, Department of Hospitality
 Management Sciences                                 R 10 000
Mr D J Twala, Department of Economics                 R 3 600
Mr A Moorley, Department of Management                R 4 000
Mr S Chetty, Department of Management                 R 6 000
Ms V Rawjee, Department of Public Relations           R 5 000
Ms P Naidoo, Department of Public Relations           R 5 000
Ms D Veersamy, Department of Public Relations         R 5 000
Ms A M Mhlongo, Department of Library and
 Information Studies                                  R 5 300
Mr A Maharajh, Department of Sport Management         R 4 500
Mr. S.H. Docrat, Department of Marketing              R 7 500
Ms M Reddy, Department of Governmental Studies        R 5 500
Mrs M Maharaj, Department of Marketing                R 5 000
Mr D Govender, Department of Management               R 5 500
Mrs T Reddy, Department of Human Biology              R 5 500
Mr D. Gxawu, Department of Physics                   R10 000

                                                                            Research Report 2005   55
Research Capacity Building

                                                                          Women in Research
                                                                          The CRMD hosted a glittering function to celebrate the contribution of the
                                                                          DUT’s women researchers in their various disciplines. Held at the Durban
                                                                          International Convention Centre (ICC) on the weekend preceding Women’s
                                                                          Day 2005, more than 200 people from both within and outside the DUT
                                                                          attended. Among those present were education, legal, corporate and media

                                                                          In his welcome Vice-Chancellor Professor Bonganjalo Goba acknowledged
                                                                          the important role of women at the DUT. “This celebration coincides
                                                                          with national celebrations honouring women in our country. It is timely to
                                                                          recognise and honour the profound contribution of women researchers in
                                                                          our community,” he said.
Following the “Women in Research”
initiative, an amount of R500 000 was                                     CRMD Director Professor Gansen Pillay described the event as both long-
                                                                          overdue and groundbreaking. “It celebrates those women at our institution
allocated for women researchers, with
                                                                          who are pushing the boundaries of research and making a valuable
the specific aim of fast-tracking the                                      contribution to strengthening institutional research for the benefit of Africa.”
development of women academics.
                                                                          A video and a publication, titled “Women in Research at the DUT”, were
It was decided that in order to qualify                                   launched, with the first copy of the bulletin being presented to the Chair of
for this funding, research should be                                      Council, Mrs Vanessa Leo. Deans and other faculty representatives received
output-driven, i.e., either qualifications                                 certificates on behalf of DUT’s women researchers, acknowledging their
                                                                          contribution to research at the institution.
or publications should be the outcome
of the funding allocated. In addition, the                                Shoprite Checkers/SABC 2 Woman of the Year award-winner Professor
                                                                          Anusuya Chinsamy-Turan – and winner in the Science category – was the
Committee provides support in the form                                    guest speaker. An professor in the field of palaeobiology, her outstanding
of workshops to provide guidance in                                       research on the microstructure of fossil bone led to a major achievement and
applying for funding, publications and                                    a better understanding of the biology of extinct mammal-like reptiles of South
                                                                          Africa, from dinosaurs to early birds.
proposal writing, and mentoring.
                                                                          Speaking as President of South African Women in Science and Engineering
                                                                          (SAWISE), she encouraged women researchers to always strive to do their
                                                                          best, pointing out that they should be “hungry and passionate all the time”.
                                                                          She urged them to “be visible” in whatever they do.

                                                                          “When you are presenting, make sure people remember your name.”
                                                                          Professor Chinsamy-Turan also advised women to “choose their life partners
                                                                          well” to ensure appropriate support.

                                                                          On publishing, she encouraged women researchers to strive to publish
                                                                          internationally and warned against falling into a routine of spending time in
                                                                          laboratories but never taking the time to record and publish research.

                                                                          “The idea of celebrating DUT women in research was a great one. It will do
                                                                          much to promote the institution as a university of technology that is serious
                                                                          about its involvement in research and research capacity building,” remarked
Ms Naziema Japie , Professor Anusuya Chinsamy-Turan and Professor         one researcher.
Gansen Pillay at the launch of the publication celebrating DUT’s “Women
in Research”.

    56       Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                   Research Capacity Building

CRMD facilitated a series of workshops and seminars aimed at research
development, and improving the quality and quantity of peer-reviewed

Training in Ethics
A workshop on Training in Ethics was held in October 2005 at the Embizweni
Convention Centre. The workshop was facilitated by Professor Ames Dhai,
Head of Bioethics, Medical Law and the Ethics Committee at UKZN. Professor
Dhai interrogated the roles and responsibilities of ethics committees at Higher
Education institutions and their role within institutions. She focused on how
committees were composed and accredited, and the process of reviewing a
research protocol.

The workshop covered processes and issues around reviews, evaluating
risks and benefits, informed consent, privacy and confidentiality, and conflict
of interest. She discussed requirements for ethical research and touched
on issues around human subjects, the need for ethics in research, health
research, codes and declarations for the ethical conduct of research, and
ethical requirements of research committees.

Four discussion groups comprising researchers from each Faculty re-
examined DUT’s current ethics policy and procedures and provided feedback
at an open forum. From this workshop the DUT research community intended
presenting a revised policy on ethics to the IRC, covering:

◗   Protection of rights and welfare of research participants                     Professor A Dhai and Professor B Pillay with DUT researchers who took
                                                                                  part in an interactive Ethics workshop.
◗   Provision of ethical advice to researchers to assist in decision-making on
    adequacy of proposals regarding participants’ protection
◗   Protection of investigators from unjust criticism.

Publications Writing
Publications writing workshops were held for the Faculties of Commerce,
Health Sciences and Arts, during which manuscripts were reviewed and
edited. Following the workshops, the CRMD undertook to track progress on
each manuscript to ensure its submission for publication.

Faculty of Commerce
Held at the Gwahumbe Game Reserve in KwaZulu-Natal, this workshop was
facilitated by Professor Gansen Pillay from the CRMD and Professor J. Daniel
from the Human Sciences Research Council. Professor Daniel is an editor of
the DoE-approved journal Transformation.

The facilitators were supported by Professor M. Wallis, Dean of the Faculty of
Commerce and Professor D. Jinabhai, a senior member of staff.

                                                                                                                   Research Report 2005           57
Research Capacity Building

                                                                                Below is a summary of the 10 manuscripts reviewed, and the
                                                                                journals to which they were submitted:

                                                                                ◗ Rawjee, V.P. and Jinabhai, V. (2005). HIV/AIDS communication
                                                                                campaigns: Theoretical restraints. African Journal of AIDS
                                                                                ◗ Motha, M.J. (2005). The impact of the public management
                                                                                paradigm shift on citizen participation in post-apartheid South
                                                                                Africa. South African Journal of Public Administration.
                                                                                ◗ Jinabhai, D. and Kadwa, F. (2005). Entrepreneurship education
                                                                                and technology diffusion: Empirical findings on SMME growth in
                                                                                KwaZulu- Natal. South African Journal of Higher Education.
                                                                                ◗ Jinabhai, D. and Kadwa, F. (2005). Deracialising the economy by
                                                                                State legislation for equal growth paths of SMMEs in South Africa.
                                                                                International Journal of African Business.
                                                                                ◗ Govender, V. (2005). HIV/AIDS: The development of the right of
                                                                                access to health care. Transformation.
   Members of the Faculty of Commerce at their Publications Writing
   workshop.                                                                    ◗ Rampersad, R. (2005). Corporate social Investment and HIV
                                                                                and AIDS in SA: An investigation into communication strategies
                                                                                and HIV/AIDS awareness as part of corporate social investment
                                                                                programmes. Journal of Communication Management.
                                                                      ◗   Moodley, P. and Coopoo, Y. (2005). Factors influencing job satisfaction
                                                                          and security of personal trainers employed at company-employed
                                                                          gymnasia and self-employed trainers. South African Journal for Research
                                                                          in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation.
                                                                      ◗   Reddy, K. (2005). The horizontal application of the equality guarantees
                                                                          and its impact on discrimination by the retail business sector. Tydskrif vir
                                                                          Suid Afrikaanse Reg.
                                                                      ◗   Naidoo, T. (2005). Factors that affect change in attitudes of managers in
                                                                          Higher Educational Institutions on reaching positions of authority. South
                                                                          African Journal of Higher Education.
                                                                      ◗   Chetty, K.D. (2005). Formation of internet contracts. South African
                                                                          Mercantile Law Journal.

                                                                      Faculty of Health Sciences
                                                                      This workshop, held at Tala Game Reserve, was facilitated by Professor
                                                                      Gansen Pillay, Dr G. Baker (Editor of South African Journal of Science), Dr
                                                                      E. Lickindorf (Editor of Quest) and Dr W. Pawlina (sub-editor of Clinical
                                                                      Anatomy). The facilitators were supported by Professor N. Gwele, Dean of
                                                                      the Faculty of Health Sciences, and Professor N. Lachman, a senior member
                                                                      of staff.

                                                                      Below is a summary of the 15 manuscripts reviewed, and the journals to
                                                                      which they were submitted:

                                                                      ◗   Pillay, J.D. (2005). A case report of cadaver mutilations in the anatomy
                                                                          laboratory. Clinical Anatomy.
                                                                      ◗   Ally, F. (2005). Cadaver profiles as a collaborative learning and assessment
                                                                          tool in the first-year anatomy course. Clinical Anatomy.

  58      Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                     Research Capacity Building

◗   Mdletshe, S. (2005). Factors that impact on
    the delay in the diagnosis and management
    of cancer within the public sector in KwaZulu-
    Natal, South Africa. International Journal of
    Health Services.
◗   Vahed, A., Lachman, N. and Knutsenc, R.D.
    (2005). Failure investigation of soldered
    stainless steel orthodontic joints exposed to
    artificial saliva. Biomaterials.
◗   Lachman, N. (2005). Infrequently described
    variants of branching patterns and arterial
    disposition of the left coronary system: An
    anatomical commentary on ethnic specificity
    and clinical impact on the South African
    patient. Feischrift - Collection of Scientific
    Papers by South African Anatomists.
◗   Pillay, P. and Knight, S.E. (2005). A cross
    sectional perspective of cervical cancer                                       Staff from the Faculty of Health Sciences, at the Tala Game Reserve
    screening in clinics within the eThekwini                                      where the Publications Writing workshop was held.

    Municipality. South African Medical Journal.
◗   Pillay, N. and Lachman, N. (2005). Motivations of alcohol consumption
    and alcohol induced physiological consequences among South African
    students. Journal of Studies of Alcohol.
◗   May, T. and Mason, R. (2005). The importance of staff involvement and
    commitment in educational mergers in South Africa. Journal of Higher
    Education Policy and Management.
◗   Naidoo, S., Cowell, S., Alastair, D. and Heard, R. (2005). Restandardisation
    of the thyroid radioactive iodine uptake values in Durban, KwaZulu-Natal.
◗   Sibiya, M.N. and Grainger, L. (2005). An assessment of the implementation
    of the provincial cervical screening programme in selected primary health
    care clinics in the Ilembe region, KwaZulu-Natal. Curationis.
◗   Reddy, T. and Lachman, N. (2005). Hybrid PBL as an educational tool
    in basic medical sciences: Perspectives based on student perceptions.
    Perspectives in Education.
◗   Harris, M. (2005). Mentoring – a work-based educational strategy for
    mature nursing students to promote critical reflective practice. SA Health
    and Gesondheid.
◗   Razak, A., Ganga-Limando, R. and van der Merwe, A. (2005). Perception
    of sexually transmitted infections among students in a South African
    tertiary education institution. Curationis.
◗   Adam, J.K. (2005). Morphological changes induced by fumonisin B1 and
    ochratoxin A in immune cells in human carcinoma. Toxicology.
◗   Swindon, L. (2005). Critical cross-field outcomes: Bridging the gap
    between classroom and workplace. South African Journal of Higher

                                                                                                                     Research Report 2005           59
Research Capacity Building

                                                                   Faculty of Arts
                                                                   The Faculty of Arts workshop was held at Gwahumbe Game Reserve and
                                                                   was facilitated by Professor Pillay and Professor L.S. Wright from the Institute
                                                                   for the Study of English in Africa at Rhodes University. Professor Wright is
                                                                   Managing Editor of the DoE-approved journals Shakespeare in Southern
                                                                   Africa and New Coin Poetry and is Editor of English in Africa. The facilitators
                                                                   were supported by Professor B. Pearce, Editor of Shakespeare in Southern

                                                                   Below is a summary of the nine manuscripts reviewed, and the journals to
                                                                   which they were submitted:
                                                                   ◗   Govender, S., Stewart, G. and Powell, P. (2005). Enhancing the quality
                                                                       of multi-site curriculum development. South African Journal of Higher
                                                                   ◗   Kethro, P. (2005). Addressing the capability gap: work integrated learning
                                                                       in design. Design Issues.
                                                                   ◗   Kethro, P. (2005). Fashion education relays to the employment market in
                                                                       South Africa. South African Journal of Higher Education.
                                                                   ◗   Powell, P. (2005). The challenges of implementing project-based learning
                                                                       in a South African University of Technology. South African Journal of
                                                                       Higher Education.
                                                                   ◗   Sewlal, R. (2005). Understanding copyright in news reports. Equid Novi.
                                                                   ◗   Netshiombo, K. (2005). The role of humanities in the South African
                                                                       science and technology discourse. South African Journal of Higher
                                                                   ◗   Neerputh, S., Leach, A. and Hoskins, R. (2005). Developing guidelines
                                                                       for performance appraisal of subject librarians in South African academic
                                                                       libraries. South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science.
                                                                   ◗   Singh, P. (2005). Assessment as a tool for learning. Assessment and
                                                                       Evaluation in Higher Education.
                                                                   ◗   Pearce, B. (2005). Hamlet, the actor. The Southern African Journal of
                                                                       Medieval and Renaissance Studies.

                                                                   Computational Intelligence
                                                                   Electronic Engineering hosted a Computational Intelligence workshop,
                                                                   directed by Dr Kumar Venyagamoorthy. The former DUT lecturer is currently
                                                                   Assistant Professor and Director of the Real-Time Power and Intelligent
                                                                   Systems Laboratory, University of Missouri-Rola.

Electronic Engineering researchers with Dr Kumar Venyagamoorthy.

   60       Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                 Research Capacity Building

Research and Finance
A Research and Finance Workshop was held at Gwahumbe Game
Reserve to discuss various aspects impacting on researchers at the
DUT. Representatives included personnel from the Research Division,
Finance, Procurement, Human Resources, Management Information,
and Information Technology. The workshop was facilitated by Professor
Gansen Pillay from the CRMD and Mr Ferdi van der Walt, Director of
Research at the University of Johannesburg.

Items for discussion included the DoE policy for funding of research
at HEIs, organisation of finance staffing structure to support research,
streamlining of procurement procedures and online requisitions, audit
of research equipment, asset purchases and reconciliation, honorarium
rates, consultancies, administration fees and cost recovery, procedure
for purchase of forex, policy for subsistence/per diem allowance,
postgraduate student funding and account remissions, HR policies
affecting researchers, outstanding research reports and financial
statements, research account structures (general ledger and budgeting           Delegates to the Research and Finance workshop, held at Gwahumbe
                                                                                Game Reserve.
control), DUT research forms, the ITS system and capture of research data,
and consolidation of the research budget.

The following draft policies, working documents and lists resulted from
the workshop, for presentation to the Institute Research Committee for
discussion, amendment and implementation, where appropriate:

◗   Draft policy document for the disbursement of DoE publication subsidies
    to researchers
◗   A proposal for the re-organisation of the finance staffing structure to
    support research and researchers
◗   A guideline document simplifying all procedures in respect of procurement
    which affect researchers
◗   A comprehensive, complete and current list of research equipment
    housed in all academic departments and research centres
◗   Draft policy on eligibility and rates for honoraria
◗   Policies on IP and commercialisation
◗   Policy for subsistence/per diem allowance
◗   Process for the purchase of forex
◗   Policy on postgraduate student funding
◗   HR policies on lecture load replacement and lecturer replacement
◗   Guidelines on proposed research account categories
◗   Amended forms for DUT research applications
◗   A roadmap outlining the process for research data capture, the person(s)
    responsible and the link between IT and researchers.

                                                                                                                 Research Report 2005         61
Research Capacity Building

                                                                         Research Day 2005

                                                                         Showcasing current research
                                                                         Regular showcasing of current research is an integral element in nurturing
                                                                         a research ethos, and in 2005 an Annual DUT Research Day and Faculty
                                                                         Research Days were hosted.

                                                                         DUT’s research community was treated to a close look at research under way
                                                                         at the institution, at Research Day 2005, hosted by the CRMD.

                                                                         The annual event has proven an ideal opportunity for researchers within the
                                                                         institution to share their work through formal presentations while increasing
                                                                         opportunities for collaboration. It provides a forum for staff and postgraduate
                                                                         students involved in research to share findings.

                                                                         Each faculty exhibited papers and presentations by researchers and
                                                                         postgraduate students to an audience of other academics and practicing
                                                                         professionals. A separate forum of poster displays, which exhibited a wide
                                                                         range of research topics from all faculties, was held at the Fred Crookes Sports
                                                                         Centre where researchers had an opportunity to discuss their research and
                                                                         share their experiences.

                                                                         Acting Vice Chancellor: Academic Professor Darren Lortan welcomed
                                                                         participants and guests while CRMD Director Professor Gansen Pillay
                                                                         opened the day with a status report on research at DUT. It was encouraging,
                                                                         he said, to see staff and postgraduate students involved in research sharing
                                                                         their research findings.
 Staff and students gain from Research Days that showcase and recognise
 research excellence.                                                    Professor Pillay emphasised that the institution’s commitment to research was
                                                                         captured in its newly launched vision and mission.

                                                                         The guest speaker was environmentalist Muna Lakhani, who trains people
                                                                         in zero waste, clean production, renewable energy and other environmental
                                                                         issues. He told researches that “we need to focus our research in such a way
                                                                         that it produces genuine solutions”. He added that “Zero waste is possible”.

                                                                         Outstanding presentations at both M. Tech and D. Tech levels were selected
                                                                         by each faculty. The winners were:
                                                                         Faculty of Health Sciences: Poovie Reddy (D. Tech); Jullian Pillay and Deepa
                                                                           Maharaj (both M. Tech)
                                                                         Faculty of Arts: Jerome Gumede (D. Tech); Bernice Scott (M. Tech)
                                                                         Faculty of Engineering: Thishana Singh (D. Tech); Nokuthula Mchunu
                                                                         Faculty of Commerce: Shalini Singh (D. Tech)

  62       Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                  Research and Community Engagement

Research and
Community Engagement
The Durban University of Technology is committed, through
its research and teaching activities, to improving the quality
of life of the communities it serves in KwaZulu-Natal and

The Nongoma Project
The aim of this project was to supply two sites in Kwa-Majomela, Nongoma,
in Northern KwaZulu-Natal, with clean water. The project was initiated in
2000 through an agreement between King Goodwill Zwelithini and Professor
Bonganjalo Goba, with funding from various sources such as USAID,
Savannah State University and ProCon of Germany. Two hybrid renewable
energy sources, comprising photo-voltaic cells, wind generation and gas-
powered generators were designed and housed in ‘pyramids’ and were            King Goodwill Zwelithini turns on the taps at Nongoma, bringing
delivered to site. However, because of funding shortages, the project was     convenient, clean water to the community for the first time.

temporarily halted in 2002 and the equipment was subsequently vandalised.
In 2004 the DUT’s Mr Fred D’Alamaine and Mr Sundeep Singh, together
with Mr Francois van Dyk, from Bottomline Solutions, and Dr Alex Kalu, of
Savannah State University, travelled to Mozambique to hand over a similar
hybrid energy source.

Adult education project makes dreams come true
A Faculty of Commerce research project has changed the lives of 34 small
business entrepreneurs from the Sobonakhona Makhanya Traditional Area in

The group that graduated in 2005 included two women aged 75 and 72.
They received certificates in computer and business skills at a graduation
ceremony attended by distinguished guests including DUT Vice-Chancellor
Professor Bonganjalo Goba, Dean of Commerce Professor Malcom Wallis,
indunas and community members. The candidates are all owners of small
building, hairdressing, mechanic and tuck shop businesses, and the aim of
the research project was to empower local entrepreneurs to help them create
sustainable and profitable businesses. It is headed by Dr Marie de Beer, and
the other main researchers are Delene Heukelman and Tanya Jacobs.

Ten computers were sponsored by Universal Service Agency, a US
governmental organisation tasked with bridging the digital divide in rural
areas. Professor Goba and representatives of the CRMD wore ceremonial
robes for the presentation ceremony, held at Adams College in December
2005. Professor Goba commented that the project was an expression of his      Mrs Eunice Makhanya, aged 72, is congratulated by Professor Bonganjalo
passion about producing entrepreneurs, since they will contribute to the      Goba on her graduation.
economy, rather than merely producing job seeking graduates.

DUT was also committed, he said, to fulfilling its obligations in terms of
community engagement, as spelled out in its vision and mission. The ongoing
project is funded by the NRF and DUT.

                                                                                                                 Research Report 2005           63
Publications Barometer 2005
1. Olaniran, O., Pillay, D. & Pillay, B. (2005). Characterisation     12. Grainger, L.D. and Michell, K. (2005). Occupational health
   of two bacteria isolated from a wastewater treatment plant             nursing in South Africa. Occupational Health Southern Africa.
   in South Africa for aerobic dehalogenation of some aliphatic           4-10.
   chlorinated compounds. International Journal of Environmental      13. Xu, Q., Telukdarie, A., Lou, H.H. and Huang, Y. (2005).
   Studies 62: 59-68.                                                     Integrated electroplating system modelling and simulation
2. Iyer, R., Pillay, B. and Pillay, D. (2005). Analyses of growth         for near zero discharge of chemicals and metals. Industrial &
   kinetics and the development of simple media for the growth            Engineering Chemistry Research 44: 2156-2164.
   of Xanthomonas albilineans. South African Journal of Science       14. Kunamneni, A., Permaul, K. and Singh, S. (2005). Amylase
   101: 197-200.                                                          production in solid state fermentation by the thermophilic
3. Singh, N., Somai, B.M & Pillay, D. (2005). In vitro screening          fungus, Thermomyces lanuginosus. Journal of Bioscience and
   of sugarcane to evaluate smut susceptibility. Plant Cell, Tissue       Bioengineering 100: 168-171.
   and Organ Culture 80: 259-266.                                     15. Moyo, S., and Leach, P.G.L. (2005). On some aspects of
4. Singh, N., Somai, B.M & Pillay, D. (2005). Molecular profiling          ordinary differential equations invariant under translation in the
   demonstrates limited diversity amongst geographically                  independent variable and rescaling. Proceeding of the 10th
   separate strains of Ustilago scitaminea. FEMS Microbiology             International Conference in Modern Group Analysis (MORGRAN),
   Letters 247: 7-15.                                                     143-151.
5. Walker, M. and Hamilton, R. (2005), A technique for                16. Odhav, B. (2005). Bacterial contaminants and mycotoxins
   optimally designing fibre-reinforced laminated plates with              in beer and control strategies. Reviews in Food and Nutrition
   manufacturing uncertainties for maximum buckling strength.             Toxicity 2: 1-18.
   Engineering Optimisation 37: 135–144.                              17. Gxawu, D., Machi, I.Z., Connell, S.H., Bharuth-Ram, K. and
6. Kanny, K. and Mahfuz, H. (2005). Flexural characteristics              Cox, S.F.J (2005). Diffusion of interstitial muonium, Mu, in a 13C
   of sandwich structures at different loading frequencies.               diamond. Diamond and Related Materials 14: 375-379.
   Composite Structures 67: 403-410.                                  18. Naidoo, R. and Baboolal, S. (2005). Numerical integration of
7.    Jinabhai, D.C. (2005). New challenges for South African             the plasma fluid equations with a modification of the second-
      development and training – linkages to empirical research.          order Nessyahu-Tadmor central scheme and soliton modelling.
      Public Personnel Management 34: 85-100.                             Mathematics and Computers in Simulation 69: 457-466.
8. Jacobs, E.P., Bradshaw, S.M., Botes, J.P. and Pillay, V.L.         19. Telukdarie, A., Brouckaert, C. and Huang, Y. (2005). A fuzzy-
   (2005). Reverse-pressure back-flush in pilot scale, dead-end            logic-based approach to cleaner production evaluation for
   ultrafiltration of surface water. Journal of Membrane Science           surface finishing plants. Plating and Surface Finishing 92: 50-
   252: 51-63.                                                            55.
9. Moyo, S., and Leach, P.G.L. (2005). Ordinary differential          20. Bisetty, K., Catalan, J.G., Kruger, H.G. and Perez, J.J. (2005).
   equations invariant under translation in the independent               Conformational analysis of small peptides of the type Ac-X-
   variable and rescaling: the Lagrangian formulation. Journal of         NHMe, where X=Gly, Ala, Aib and Cage. Journal of Molecular
   Mathematical Analysis and Applications. 306: 35-54.                    Structure: THEOCHEM 731: 127-137.
10. Raju, J. (2005). LIS education and training in South Africa:      21. Kunamneni, A., Kumar, S., Pillai, K. and Singh, S. (2005).
    a historical review. South African Journal of Library and             Response surface methodological approach to optimise the
    Information Science 71: 74-84.                                        nutritional parameters for enhanced production of a-amylase in
11. Nyland, J., Lachman, N ., Kocabey, Y., Brosky, J., Altun, R.          solid state fermentation by Thermomyces lanuginosus. African Journal
    and Caborn, D. (2005). Anatomy, function, and rehabilitation          of Biotechnology 4: 708-716.
    of the Popliteus Musculotendinous Complex. Journal of             22. Reddy, P., Pillay, V.L., Kunamneni, A. and Singh, S. (2005).
    Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy 35: 163-180.                  Degradation of pulp and paper-mill effluent by thermophilic
                                                                          micro-organisms using batch systems. Water SA 31: 575-580.

     64    Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                Publications Barometer 2005

23. Christopher, L., Bissoon, S., Singh, S., Szendefy, J. and           35. Bhatt, R.M. and Nepal, T. (2005). ICT: The new millenium thrust
    Szakacs, G. (2005). Bleach-enhancing abilities of Thermomyces           for effective education. 8th IFIP World Conference on Computers
    lanuginosus xylanases produced by solid state fermentation.             in Education. CD ROM
    Process Biochemistry 40: 3230-3235.                                 36. Grainger, L. (2005). A comparison of the effectiveness of two
24. Kunamneni, A. and Singh, S. (2005). Response surface                    smoking cessation interventions by the occupational health
    optimisation of enzymatic hydrolysis of maize starch for higher         nurse. Occupational Health South Africa 11: 6-11.
    glucose production. Biochemical Engineering Journal 27: 179-        37. Harris, M. (2005). Is journaling empowering? Student’s
    190.                                                                    perceptions of their reflective writing experience. SA Health &
25. Stephens, D.E., Karl, R., Permaul, K., Prior, B.A. and Singh,           Gesondheid 10: 47-60.
    S. (2005). Directed evolution of the thermostable xylanase from     38. Winfield, J. (2005). An Exploration of Reflection and Reflective
    Thermomyces lanuginosus. Journal of Biotechnology. In Press.            Practice. Aspects of Child and Youth Care Practice in the South
26. Reddy, K. (2005). Discrimination against customers by retail            African Context [CD Book Edition] 157-163.
    chain stores and the impact of the law. South African Journal of    39. Lachman, N, Satyapal, K.S and Vanker E.A. (2005). Infrequently
    Economic and Management Sciences 8: 129-139.                            described variants of branching patterns and arterial disposition
27. Raju, J. (2005). First level library and/or information science         of the left coronary system: an anatomical commentary on ethnic
    education and training at South African universities and                specificity and clinical impact on the South African patient.
    technikons: development in specialisations. South African               Voyages in Science 213-224.
    Journal of Library and Information Science 71: 164-174.             40. Lalbahadur, T., Pillay, S., Rodda, N., Smith, M., Buckley, C.,
28. Castle, N., Tagg, A. and Owen, R. (2005). Bilateral tension             Holder, F., Bux, F. and Foxon, K. (2005). Microbiological
    pneumothorax. Resuscitation 65: 103-105.                                studies of an anaerobic baffled reactor: microbial community
29. Telukdarie, A. (2005). The importance of assessment tools               characterisation and deactivation of health-related indicator
    in promoting cleaner production in the metal finishing industry.         bacteria. Water Science & Technology 51: 155-162.
    Journal of Cleaner Production. In press.                            41. Saroop, S.H. and Allopi, D. (2005). A cost model for the
30. Mokoena, M.P., Chelule, P.K. and Gqaleni, N. (2005).                    evaluation of different options in township infrastructure projects.
    Reduction of Fumonisin B1 and Zearalenone by lactic acid                Proceeding of the 24th Annual Southern African Transport
    bacteria in fermented maize meal. Journal of Food Protection            Conference 24: 503-514.
    68: 2095-2099.                                                      42. Dhoda, S. and Allopi, D. (2005). Travel patterns and safety
31. Tabakov, P.V., Verijenko, V.E. and Verijenko, B. (2005). Analysis       of school children in the eThekwini Municipality. Proceeding of
    of non-symmetrical thick laminated plates using a variational           the 24th Annual Southern African Transport Conference 24: 576-
    approach. Proceeding of the 15th International conference on            586.
    Composite Materials 15: 1-28.                                       43. Moodley, R., Snyman, C., Odhav, B. and Bhoola, K.D.
32. Tabakov, P.V. (2005). A three-dimensional analysis of laminated         (2005). Visualisation of transforming growth factor-1, tissue
    orthotropic plates. Composite Structures 71: 453-462.                   kallikrein, and kinin and transforming growth factor – receptors
                                                                            on human clear-cell renal carcinoma cells. Biological Chemistry
33. Kekana, M. and Tabakov, P. (2005). Static control of
                                                                            386: 375-382.
    composite plates using piezoelectric sensor and actuator
    techniques. Smart Materials and Structures 14: 349-353.             44. Deenadayalu, N. and Letcher, T.M. (2005). Application of
                                                                            the extended real associated solution theory to excess molar
34. Nepal, T. and Petkov, D. (2005). An action research oriented
                                                                            enthalpies and excess molar volumes of binary mixtures of
    systemic framework for the evaluation of rural telecommunications
                                                                            (benzene or 1-alkanol+quinoline). Journal of Molecular Liquids
    infrastructure. Proceedings of the 11th ANZSYS/Managing the
                                                                            121: 143-147.
    Complex V Conference 1-5.

                                                                                                                  Research Report 2005   65
Publications Barometer 2005

Attendances at national and                                            14. Pratt, D. Communication skills on-line three years down the line:
                                                                           reflecting on design principles in blending learning. 7th Annual
international conferences                                                  Conference on World Wide Web Applications (WWW2005), 29-
                                                                           31 August 2005, CapeTown.
National conferences
                                                                       15. Sunker, N and Allopi, D. Towards a structured road safety
1. Govender, D. Biomedical Technology course for qualified                  education curriculum. 2nd Africa Technology Transfer Conference
   medical technicians. 18th National SMLTSA Congress, 29 April-           KwaZulu-Natal Department of Transport, 20-23 September
   2 May 2005, Cape Town.                                                  2005, Pietermaritzburg.
2. Pillay, P. National curriculum update: Biomedical Technology.       16. Raju, J. Taking libraries to the people. LIASA Eight Annual
   18th National Medical Technology Congress, 29 April-2 May               Conference, 26-30 September 2005, Tshwane University of
   2005, Cape Town.                                                        Technology, Nelspruit Campus.
3. Prithepaul, P. Microbes on the run. 18th National Medical           17. Reddy, M. A disaster risk management of Ward 99 of the
   Technology Congress, 29 April-2 May 2005, Cape Town.                    Ethekwini Municipality (KZN): towards an integrated model.
4. Lachman, N. The theory of reflective practice and its                    Disaster Risk Reduction 2005, 19-20 October 2005, ATKV
   integration within the gross anatomy curriculum. 35th Congress          Resort Hartenbos, Western Cape.
   of the Anatomical Society of South Africa, 24-28 April 2005,        18. Singh, P. Equality and democracy in assessment: Kenton at
   Hotel Osner, East London.                                               Mpekweni, 27- 30 October 2005, Mpekweni, Port Alfred.
5. Lachman, N. Cadaver mutilations: forensic, anthropological          19. Kassier, S. Predictors of exclusive breastfeeding among Zulu
   and ethical considerations. 35th Congress of the Anatomical             mothers attending PMTCT and non-PMTCT clinics in central
   Society of South Africa, 24-28 April 2005, Hotel Osner, East            Durban, KZN: an exploratory study. 18th International Congress
   London.                                                                 of Nutrition, 19-23 September 2005, ICC, Durban.
6. Mathura, G. Technique for the demonstration of arterial             20. Niranjan, I. An investigation into the ototoxic effects of
   arcades in the jejunum. 35th Congress of the Anatomical Society         workplace chemicals on employees’ hearing. International
   of South Africa, 24-28 April 2005, Hotel Osner, East London.            Occupational Hygiene Association (IOHA) 6th International
7.    Pillay, V.L. Membrane Technology: The sustainable solution to        Scientific Conference, 19-23 September 2005, Pilanesberg
      drinking water provision in a developing economy. 6th WISA           National Park, Northwest Province.
      MTD Workshop, 13-16 May 2005, Protea Hotel, Wilderness.          21. Cruickshank, G. Cascade mentoring: first-year students and
8. Wells, K. Manipulating Metaphors: how rural craft is utilised as        beyond. SAADA, 27-30 November 2005, DIT, Durban.
   a medium for communication on AIDS and confronting culture          22. Harris, M. The reflective tutorial: a medium of enhancing critical
   in KwaZulu-Natal. 2nd South African AIDS Conference, 7-10               reflection. SAADA, 27-30 November 2005, DIT, Durban.
   June, ICC, Durban.                                                  23. Razak, A. Assessing and evaluating postgraduate theses and
9. Dean, E.J. Using self-organising maps to analyse first-year IT           dissertations, 28-30 November 2005, Stellenbosch.
   in relation to the student’s matriculation results. SACLA 2005,     24. Naidoo, T. The manager’s role in facilitating change and
   Mowana Lodge, Kasane, Botswana.                                         transformation in merged institutions. SAADA, 27-30 November
10. Njobe, P. Introducing localised Open 1. Office Software to              2005, DIT, Durban.
    KwaZulu-Natal Disadvantaged Schools. SAARDHE 2005, 27-             25. Copley, G. C. Having faith in the boggle: a re-curriculating in
    29 June 2005, UKZN, Howard College Campus.                             the Fine Arts Department and some changes in my teaching
11. Nepal, T. ICT: The new millenium thrust for effective education.       practice. SAADA, 27-30 November 2005, DIT, Durban.
    8th IFIP World Conference on Computers in Education, 4-7 July      26. Hebert, L. J. What makes group work? An experiential
    2005, University of Stellenbosch, Cape Town.                           workshop in small-group interaction. SAADA, 27-30 November
12. Lourens, C. J. Optimising the management of a game farm by             2005, DIT, Durban.
    utilising techniques of computational intelligence. 19th SAAIE     27. Nel, D. Spaces of Babel: inviting other languages into the
    & 35th ORSSA Annual Conference 2005, 28-31 August 2005,                university classroom. SAADA, 27-30 November 2005, DIT,
    Emerald Casino Resort, Vandebijlpark.                                  Durban.
13. Heukelman, D. User interface design issues for rural               28. Hodgson, L. M. Spaces of Babel: inviting other languages into the
    communities. CITN 2005-07-22 Computer, 23-26 August 2005,              university classroom. SAADA, 27-30 November 2005, DIT, Durban.
    Cape Peninsula University of Technology.

     66    Durban University of Technology
                                                                                                                    Publications Barometer 2005

29. Deenadayalu, N. Activity co-efficients at infinite dilution using         International conferences
    polar and no polar salutes in ionic liquids. Carman Conference,
                                                                            1. Olivier, L.M. Using writing to learn in a South African context.
    16-18 November 2005, Eskom Convention Centre.
                                                                               3rd European Association for the Teaching of Academic Writing
30. Hlengwa, A.I. Scaffolding student success: overt literacy                  Conference, 22-24 June 2005, Athens.
   development in curriculum. SAADA, 27-30 November 2005,
   DIT, Durban.                                                             2. De Kock, C.M. The role of cartoons in the development of
                                                                               communicative, socio-linguistic and strategic competences in
31. Mthembu, S. Z. An analysis of the assessment of clinical
                                                                               English first and second language teaching. TESOL ARABIA
    learning in selected nursing education Institutions in KwaZulu-
                                                                               2005 Conference, 9-11 March 2005, Dubai.
    Natal. SAADA, 27-30 November 2005, DIT, Durban.
                                                                            3. Lachman, N. Endangered species: who will teach anatomy in
32. Bharuthram, S. Academic writing at tertiary level: difficulties
                                                                               2010? Experimental Biology of the XXXV International Congress
    experienced by learners. SAADA, 27-30 November 2005, DIT,
                                                                               of Physiological Sciences, 1-6 April 2005, San Diego, USA.
33. Pete, M. M. Authentic learning online: lesson learnt. SAADA,            4. Ramsuroop, S. Workplace-based learning: enhancing an
    27-30 November 2005, DIT, Durban.                                          outcome based curriculum. 7th World Congress of Chemical
                                                                               Engineering, 10-14 July 2005, Glasgow, Scotland.
34. Pete, M. M. Collaborative constructivism: learners make videos
    on occupational health and safety. SAADA, 27-30 November                5. McKenna, S. “It’s about me, not just the PhD”: Women’s
    2005, DIT, Durban                                                          stories of supervision. The Learning Conference, 11-14 July
                                                                               2005, Granada, Spain.
35. Reddy, M. Disaster risk management of Ward 99, Ethekwini
    Municipality, KZN: towards an integrated model. Disaster Risk           6. Shaik, J. An investigation into immediate effect of rib
    Reduction 2005, 19-20 October 2005, DIT, Durban.                           mobilisation and sham laser application on chestwall expansion
36. Odhav B, Beekram S, Naidoo N, Baijnath H. Nutritional                      and lung function in healthy asymptomatic males. WFC’s and
    potential of non-commecialised leafy vegetables from African               FCER’s International Conference on Chiropractic Research, 16-
    continent. 18th International Congress of Nutrition, 19-23                 18 June 2005, Sydney, Australia.
    September 2005, ICC, Durban, South Africa.                              7.   Myburgh, C. State of the art and developmental issues in
37. Reddy, L. and Odhav, B. Genomic modulation of aflatoxin B1                    Chiropractic: a South African patient perspective. WFC’s and
    by natural products. 18th International Congress of Nutrition, 19-           FCER’s International Conference, 16-18 June 2005, Sydney,
    23 September 2005, ICC, Durban, South Africa.                                Australia.

38. Kassim, M.A., Baijnath, H., Sankar, U., Odhav, B.                       8. Rampersad, R. Corporate social investment & HIV/AIDS in
    Biological risks and safety of traditional leafy vegetables.               South Africa: an investigation into communication strategies
    Indigenous Plant Use Forum: African philosophy meets                       & HIV/AIDS awareness as part of CSI programmes. 10th
    commercialisation, Eden Grove Conference Centre, Rhodes                    International IAICS International Conference, 6-8 July 2005,
    University, Lucas Avenue, Grahamstown 27-30 June 2005                      Taiwan.
39. Mellem J., Baijnath, H., Odhav, B. Wine from Phoenix reclinata (2005)   9. Pratt, D. Modelling writing as a basis for a writing tutor
    South African plant wine from Phoenix reclinata. Indigenous Plant          computer program. ED-Media 2005 World Conference on
    Use Forum: African philosophy meets commercialisation, Eden Grove          Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications, 27
    Conference Centre, Rhodes University, Lucas Avenue, Grahamstown            June-2 July 2005, Finland, Tampere Hall.
    27-30 June 2005                                                         10. Duffy, K.J. Simulations of woodland grassland transitions
40. Naidoo, N., Baijnath, H., Odhav, B. Bio-catalogue of                        caused by elephant. International Grassland Congress 2005, 26
    traditional leafy vegetables in Africa (2005) Indigenous Plant              June-1 July 2005, University College, Dublin, Ireland.
    Use Forum: African philosophy meets commercialisation, Eden
                                                                            11. Fregona, C. Negotiated assessment: a case study. ED-Media
    Grove Conference Centre, Rhodes University, Lucas Avenue,
                                                                                2005- World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia
    Grahamstown 27-30 June 2005
                                                                                & Telecommunications, 27 June-2 July 2005, Montreal.
41. Mudziri, M., Baijnath, H., Reddy, L., Odhav B. Toxicity
                                                                            12. De Beer, C. Drawing on the Shembe: the search for a South
    and safety evaluation of South African Indigenous Leafy
                                                                                African jewellery. The Association for Qualitative Research Biennial
    Plants. Indigenous Plant Use Forum: African philosophy meets
                                                                                Conference 2005, 13-16 July 2005, Melbourne, Australia.
    commercialisation, Eden Grove Conference Centre, Rhodes
    University, Lucas Avenue, Grahamstown 27-30 June 2005

                                                                                                                      Research Report 2005   67
Publications Barometer 2005

13. Singh, R. Human Integrated Neuro Fuzzy (NF) System for            24. Carey, P. Outside in: towards graphic design histories for South
    CMT Estimation. 21st International Conference on CAD/CAM,             Africa, New Views: Repositioning Graphic Design, 27-29 October
    Robotics, 17-20 July 2005, Krakow, Poland.                            2005, University of Arts, London.
14. Whelan, D. Living in earthen cities. Kerpic 2005, 6-7 June        25. Kitching, J. Mauritius: Hydrological modelling. 25th ESRI
    2005, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul.                        International User Conference, 21 July-4 August 2005, San Diego,
15. Tollow, A.J. A Suggested approach to effective water
    resource management using the Umgeni resource system as a         26. Tabakov, P.Y. A three-dimensional analysis of laminated
    test case. The Fourth Inter-Celtic Colloquim on Hydrology and         orthotropic plates. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference
    Management on Water Resources, 10-14 July 2005, University            on Composite Science and Technology, 1-3 February 2005,
    do Minho, Guimaraes, Portugal.                                        Sharjah, UAE.

16. Telukdarie, A. Model for optimum acid usage of electroplating.    27. Reddy, K. The impact of the equality guarantees in the South
    American Electroplating Surface Finishing Conference, 7-19            African Constitution on race discrimination by the business sector.
    June 2005, St Louis, Missouri, USA.                                   International Conference on Human Rights, 3-5 November 2005,
                                                                          Taj President Hotel, Mumbai.
17. Mathura, G. Technique for the demonstration of the arterial
    arcades in the jejunum using the E12 technique of plastination    28. Ramdhani N., Drysdale G.D. and Bux F. (2005). Functional
    and silicone rubber injection. 8th International Interim              characterisation of heterotrophic denitrifying bacteria in
    Conference for Plastination, 5-10 July 2005, Ohrid, Macedonia.        wastewater treatment systems. Proceedings of the 4th IWA
                                                                          Activated Sludge Population Dynamics Specialist Conference –
18. Adams, K. Morphological changes induced by Fumonisin B1
                                                                          Microbial Population Dynamics in Biological Wastewater Treatment
    and Ochratoxin A in immune cells in human carcinoma. MSA
                                                                          (ASPD4), 17 – 20 July 2005, Watermark Hotel, Surfers Paradise,
    Golden Jubilee International Science Congress IISC 2005, 2-6
                                                                          Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. (poster)
    August 2005, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
                                                                      29. Naidoo D., Ramothokang T.R. and Bux F. (2005). rRNA
19. Hansen, A.E. Suitability analysis: Industrial Training Centre,
                                                                          oligonucleotide probing and biochemical characterisation of
    25th ESRI International User Conference, 21 July-4 August
                                                                          filamentous bacteria in pure culture. Proceedings of the 4th IWA
    2005, San Diego, USA.
                                                                          Activated Sludge Population Dynamics Specialist Conference –
20. Singh, T. A. Computational study of pentacyclo undecane               Microbial Population Dynamics in Biological Wastewater Treatment
    cage lactam formation. The 2005 Young European Chemist’s              (ASPD4), 17–20 July 2005, Watermark Hotel, Surfers Paradise,
    Conference, 31 August-3 September 2005, Hotel Continental             Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. (poster)
    Brno, Czech Republic.
                                                                      30. Moyo, S. and Leach, P.G.L. (2005). Symmetry properties
21. Parker, K. The effect of student characteristics on achievement       of autonomous integrating factors. Proceedings of the 6th
    in introductory microeconomics in South Africa. Knowledge             International Conference, Symmetry in nonlinear mathematical
    Production and Higher Education in the 1st Century, 30 August-        physics, Institute of Mathematics of the National Academy of
    2 September 2005, Bergen, Norway.                                     Sciences of the Ukraine, 20 June 2005, Kyiv, Ukraine.
22. Bisetty, K. A theoretical study of PCU cage peptides. 18th        31. Olaniran, A.O., Pillay, D. & Pillay, B. 2005. Phylogenetic analysis
    Polish Peptide Symposium Conference, 4-8 September 2005,              of some dichloroethene-degrading bacteria indigenous to
    Wroclaw, Poland.                                                      contaminated sites in South Africa. Proc. ICCE 2: 60 (218/F).
23. Jacobs, T. Rural business survival threatened. International      32. Olaniran, A.O., Pillay, D. & Pillay, B. 2005. Profiling bacterial
    Research Conference for Accounting Educators, 29-30                   communities in dichloroethene enrichment systems using
    September 2005, University of Bordeaux, France.                       denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Proc. ICCE 2: 60 (219/F).

  68     Durban University of Technology
         The following people are acknowledged for
              their contributions to this report:
    Heads of Department for written summaries of their
                department’s research
           Executive Deans for their messages
       Research co-ordinators for their assistance
Mrs Charmaine Naidoo from the CRMD for gathering of data
     Mr Morgen Kisten from the Audio Visual Unit and
       Ms Lettie Paulo from the CRMD at the DUT
            for assistance with photography
         Prof Gansen Pillay for conceptualisation,
               compilation and final editing
 Mrs Kathy Waddington, Mr Phindile Mantantana and
 Ms Shakila Chetty of Artworks Communications for design,
             typesetting and production, and
    The Council and Management of the DUT for their
     continued support and encouragement of research.

       Design & typesetting: ARTWORKS Communications

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