FWL 201 Intro to Fish and Wildlife - FWL 201 - INTRODUCTION TO by pptfiles


									                     FWL 201 - INTRODUCTION TO FISH AND WILDLIFE
                                      FALL 2010

This course will introduce you to some of the potential job opportunities and current issues
associated with the fish and wildlife profession. Its purpose is to give you a better idea of what
these fields are all about and help you decide where your interests might lie and how to achieve
your academic and career goals. We hope to show you some ways to gain experience and be a
success in this field. The course will provide you with an overview of professional opportunities,
descriptions of careers, presentations by professionals on fish and wildlife issues, and information
you need to prepare yourself for a career. The course also affords you the opportunity to meet
most of the fish and wildlife faculty at MSU and learn about their research and teaching interests
and backgrounds.
Meetings: Wednesdays at 3:10-4:00 pm, Reid Hall 104
Coordinator: Tom McMahon (406A Lewis, 994-2492. Email: tmcmahon@montana.edu)
    Course webpage: for copy of syllabus copy, class news, grade sheet--

Course Requirements:
   1. Writing Assignment SUMMARIES: Each student will submit a detailed 1-2 page summary
      of 4 of the 11 presentations given over the course of the semester plus a summary of
      career goals for a total of 5 reports. To receive credit for a summary, you must include
      the name of the speaker, the topic, the main points covered, and what you learned from
      the presentation. Summaries must be typewritten and written in essay style; outlines
      are not acceptable. See the attached example summary for guidance.
      Papers should be written single spaced with 10-12 font. Because a goal of this exercise is
      to further your experience in writing, summaries must be clearly written to receive credit,
      with a minimum of punctuation and spelling errors. HINT: Proofread your work before
      submission. Summaries are to be turned in at class, placed in my mailbox in the Ecology
      department office (3 floor Lewis Hall), or slipped under my office door (Lewis 406A).
      Note: no emailing of summaries. Graded summaries will be returned at class, usually 1-2
      weeks afterwards.
   2. On Oct 27th, students who make a short presentation on how they obtained their summer
      jobs may use this in lieu of one written summary.
   3. ATTENDANCE: Of the 11 class periods, students are required to fill in 7 attendance
      cards. Attendance cards will have the following: name, ID number, name of speaker and
      date, and two main points you learned from the presentation.
   4. GRADE SHEET: a grade sheet showing status of summaries and attendance will be
      posted on the course webpage:
   (also accessible via Ecology Dept homepage FacultyMcMahonCourses)

IMPORTANT-READ CAREFULLY: There will be four grading periods for summaries: Sept 29,
October 20, November 10, and December 13. You must turn in one summary for each grading
period. Any summaries for that period that are not received by that date will not receive
credit. KEEP A BACKUP COPY OF YOUR SUMMARIES. With 100+ students, that’s over 500
reports that must be graded, so summaries are sometimes misplaced.
2. Career Goals Summary: At the end of the semester, each student will be expected to submit
a 1-1.5 page discussion of their career goals and their plans for achieving these goals (due no
later than December 13 at 5:00pm).
3. Grading: Summaries will be graded with a "P" if acceptable, and a "NA" if not acceptable.
Acceptable will meet the criteria described above; not acceptable grades will be given to those
summaries that are sloppily written or do not conform to the listed critieria. Students who copy
papers from other students will be simply given a Fail for the course. Papers with “NA”
grades can be rewritten and resubmitted for credit.
To receive a pass:
    1. Turn in 4 acceptable summaries plus your career goals statement. (Total = 5 papers)
    2. Turn in at least 7 attendance cards.

1 Sept Introduction to class
Overview of Career Opportunities
Grading Period 1
  8 Sept      “Overview of Wildlife Careers”- Jay Rotella , MSU
 15 Sept      “Overview of Fisheries Careers”– Tom McMahon, MSU
 22 Sept      “Life of a Game Warden”- Brian Lloyd, Montana Fish, Wildlife, and Parks (FWP)
 29 Sept      *Summary completed for presentations from Grading Period 1 due today

Grading Period 2
 29 Sept     “Role of Science in Wildlife Management Controversies- The Case of Wild Horse
             Management”- Bob Garrott, MSU
  6 Oct      “State wildlife biologist” – Claire Gower, wildlife biologist, Montana FWP, Bozeman
 13 Oct      “Fisheries within the US Forest Service” – Scott Barndt, Gallatin National Forest
             head fishery biologist, Bozeman
  20 Oct     *Summary completed for presentations from Grading Period 2 due today

 Grading Period 3
  20 Oct     “The North American Model for Fish and Wildlife Management”, Kurt Alt, regional
             wildlife manager, Montana FWP, Bozeman
  27 Oct     “Presentations from students: How I got my summer job”
    3 Nov    “Stream restoration, and transition from undergraduate to graduate student to
             professional fish and wildlife biologist” – Ryen Aasheim, Restoration Coordinator,
             Big Blackfoot Watershed, Trout Unlimited, Missoula
   10 Nov    *Summary completed for presentations from Grading Period 3 due today

Grading Period 4
 10 Nov      Speaker to be announced
 17 Nov      “Role of Conservation Organizations in Fish and Wildlife Management” –
             Anne Carlson, climate change coordinator, Wilderness Society, Bozeman
 24 Nov      Thanksgiving break - no class
   1 Dec     Class Summary “Strategies for Success as an Undergraduate”- Tom McMahon,
   8 Dec     No Class- Last week of classes
13 Dec *Summary completed for presentations from Grading Period 4 plus Career Goals
             summary due today (Monday of finals week) by 5:00pm, Dec 13th
Example Summary, FWL 201                                                       Michael Jordan

                                   Mountain Lions, Shawn Riley, October 30

          Shawn Riley, a visiting professor from Cornell University, was our speaker this week. Mr. Riley first
explained how he became interested in wildlife biology as a career. One interesting aspect of his career
choice, is that he remembers his college counselor telling him that he was not college material, and this was
one motivation for him, to prove his counselor wrong! He attended MSU, receiving his BS and MS in fish and
wildlife management, and is now attending Cornell University for his PhD degree. Early in his career, he
performed research on the deer populations of Montana for FWP, and was a wildlife biologist in the Kalispell
area where he dealt with mountain lion-human problems in the area. It was experience there that led to his
interest in further studying mountain lion-human conflicts and the biological and social reasons for the
problem of increased mountain lion attacks.

          Mountain lions or Felis concolor, the cat of one color, has made a tremendous comeback in recent
years. Of the 18 species of large cats in the world, only the mountain lion is increasing in numbers. Shawn
explained some of the morphological characteristics of mountain lions that make them such successful
predators by showing us a lion skull. Key features of the skull include a flattened nose, large eyes, and
relatively few teeth. The eyes are positioned in front of the head, giving the lion very keen, stereoscopic
vision. Teeth are made for shearing and cutting, rather than grinding. The average male lion weighs 135-
150 lbs. and can kill a bull elk with only one bite. Perhaps most impressive is its ability to leap 20 feet from a
standstill, and up to 40 feet while running full speed.

          The population increase of mountain lions throughout the west has been met with an increasing
frequency of lion attacks on humans. As populations expand into lion habitat, interactions are inevitable.
More cats, less habitat, more people, and more garbage and pets in lion habitat has been responsible for the
increase in attacks. Also, some states, like Oregon, have seen an increase in incidence of attacks when
laws prohibiting lion hunting with dogs were passed, and lion populations have then burgeoned. While lion
attacks on humans have received a lot of press, Shawn cautioned that this be put into perspective: lightning
kills over 70 people per year, dogs over 20, and more than 30 people die every year from being struck by
lightning while playing golf. In contrast, mountain lions kill one person per year. However, much can be done
to educate the public to minimize fatalities and adverse interactions.

        Shawn described the profile of lion attacks. Sixty percent of attacks are carried about by young
males who disperse from their mother's territory when they are about 1-2 years old. Lions typically attack
smaller adults and children, and do so when humans are alone. Unlike with grizzly attacks, with lions it is
advised to make yourself as large and as threatening as possible when threatened by a lion attack.

         I found Shawn's talk on mountain lions very interesting and thought provoking. His description of
having to deal with a lion attack in Kalispell where a cat killed a family dog and nearly attacked a child was
fascinating as well as chilling. It really brought home to me the message that wildlife management is not just
managing wildlife, but biologists must also deal with humans as part of the equation. His explanation of how
to behave in mountain lion country, and the importance of educating people in how to minimize attacks (i.e.,
care in building country homes, leaving out dog food and having domestic cats) was another important 'take
home' message for me.

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