The Renaissance - PowerPoint

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					The Renaissance
What do you know
  about the
Pages 12 - 14
• In the 21st century, we see the Renaissance as
  the era when the modern western worldview
  began to develop
               The First Century (CE)   The Second Century (CE)

                            1 - 100          101 - 200

     -100       0           100           200
• The Renaissance stretched from 1350 CE to
  1600 CE
  – CE – Common Era. (BCE – Before Common Era)
     • Era – a historical time period
• It comes from the French word renaître
  – “to be born again”
 It was a rebirth of ideas that were discovered when
 Europeans came into contact with forgotten Greek
 and Roman ways of thinking, and ways of looking at
 the world.
   Discovered the ideas that were being kept by Muslim,
    Jewish & Roman Catholic scholars.
                     Picture of Michelangelo
                     showing a pupil the Belvedere
                     Torso. The torso was created
                     by an Athenian sculptor and
                     was lost during the time of the
                     fall of the Roman Empire. When
                     found, it influenced the artists
                     during the renaissance.
           Think about it:
• List of Canadian values and/or beliefs:

• Is Canada experiencing a Renaissance
  (“rebirth”) in any area of society?
            Chapter 1

What were the Factors that shaped
 the Renaissance Worldview?
 Questions to be covered in this
• What were the factors that shaped the
  Renaissance worldview?
• How did the ideas of the Italian
  Renaissance spread throughout
• What is the western worldview that
  grew out of the Renaissance?
4 th Century: Western & Eastern Empire
    How did other Civilizations Set the Stage for
           the Renaissance in Europe?
   Middle Ages
   • Between the fall of the Roman empire in the 4th
     century, to the beginning of the Renaissance in the
     14th century, Europe was in the middle ages.

 During this time, empires in
 northern Africa and Asia
 were flourishing, and would
 influence Europe‟s move into
 the Renaissance.
• After the fall of the Roman empire, the feudal
  system developed. (a hierarchical class structure)
   – Monarchs granted land to nobles for military support
   – Alliances were formed through diplomacy between
     wealthy land owners to give support to one central

                               King
                               Higher Clergy
                               Nobles
                               Lesser Nobles/Knights/
                               Serfs/Peasants
             In the Feudal System people were not able to move there
                social classes and was split into rich and poor.

                • Controlled all the laws and made all the
                  big decisions
                                                                Lived in
                • Were advisors to the king and the eyes        huge
                  and ears for the Pope.                        castles or
                • Controlled land and paid taxes/provided       manor
                  military support to the King                  houses

                • Controlled individual plots of land,          Lived in huts
                  leaders of faith, and protected the           outside of
                  people                                        the walls. If
                                                                they worked
                • 90% of the population                         in the castle,
                    – Peasants – worked hard but were able to   they were
                      look for other occupations                able to live
                    – Serfs – tied to their lords and had no    there as well

Pic. Pg 24
Pages 16 - 17
The Silk Road
• Starting in 300 BCE, when the Roman Empire extended
  into the middle east, people in the west welcomed
  exotic goods from as far away as China and Japan
   – Silk, Glassware, Paper, Pepper, Cinnamon
• With the large number of people moving, goods
  weren‟t the only thing that was moving along the silk
   – Ideas and Knowledge of religion, science and math,
     technology, philosophy, and music
   – Disease like the Black Death started in Asia, and made its
     way to Europe killing millions
  How has Canada’s history &
worldview been affected by contact
       with other people?
Modern Day Silk Road Map
         Think about it:
• What are some products that are from
  places other than Europe:
       THEN               NOW

• Silk
• Glassware
• Pepper
• Cinnamon
    Read Pgs: 18 - 21
•Copy down definitions on pg. 20
Role of the Islamic Civilization
• In the Beginning of the 7th century, the Islamic
  faith spread quickly
• By 750 CE, it spread from Spain to Indonesia
• The center of the Islamic empire was in the
  crossroads of the silk road

• The Muslim middle men were everywhere on
  the route, and made the Muslim Empire very
• More importantly, it became a center of
  learning during the middle ages.
• Islamic scientists and scholars collected
  mathematical and astrological documents in
  libraries. They then studied and improved on
  – Astrolabe (Navigate by the stars)
  – Ibn Sina (980 – 1037), studied diseases and the
    human body. He wrote medical texts that were
    used for hundreds of years

                                                Q 1-2 pg 24
  Refer to the map on pgs. 16-17
In your notebook answer the following:
• How difficult was it to move goods from
  China to Italy in the Middle Ages? Compare
  the transportation in the Middle Ages to
• How would the geographic location of the
  Islamic Empire made it a centre for leaning
  & discovery
    How did the Renaissance Begin?
• Because of the contact with other cultures, there
  was an increased amount of ideas being shared,
  and by the end of the 1300‟s change was
  happening more rapidly.
• During the middle ages, a majority of Europeans
  shared a religious worldview put in place by the
  Roman Catholic Church
   – The poor accepted they would suffer and live
     short lives, but be rewarded in heaven
   – The rich would donate money and land to the
     church, to be rewarded in heaven
• During the middle ages, the Catholic Church was
  the institution that would educate, and employ
   – Roman Catholic Church had a large amount of
     influence on art and architecture

  – Roman Catholic Church also had a large
    amount of influence with Kings and their
    kingdoms (Often power struggles)
The Crusades
• Judaism, Christianity and Islam all grew out of the
  same religious history, so they all thought they
  had a claim to the „Holy Land‟ (Israel)
   – Christians in Europe organized crusades to
     recapture the area from Muslim control
• During the short time that the Christians occupied
  the Holy Land, thousands of pilgrims and entire
  armies traveled to Jerusalem
   – From these pilgrimages, Europeans were
     exposed to many different cultures, foods,
     spices, exotic goods & cloths
   – The travelers returned home with new ideas
     and new ways of thinking

 Europeans become more aware of other cultures
• The Crusades occurred over approx. 200 years
• Relationships between Christians & Muslims
  developed during periods of Peace & period of
Black Plague
  How Did the Growth of Cities
Contribute to a Changing Worldview?
 • By the late middle ages, Europeans wanted more exotic
   items that were brought back by the crusaders
 • Many of the cities that grew were port cities.
    – Some people established businesses to provide goods
      for city residents
    – Industries began to specialize in goods and trade.
    – Workers began to find and create jobs that were not
      part of the feudal system
    – Some communities became so prosperous and
      powerful, they became city-states
    – Individuals begin to feel a sense of belonging to their
      larger community
• Many of the peasants
  thought they could find
  safety and work in the

                     Land owners didn‟t have
                      workers, so they moved to
                      the cities a started
• Cities prospered in Italy because;
   – Mountains to the north helped
     protect Italy from invaders
   – Trading cities began to thrive in
   – The ruins from Roman times
     reminded people of how effective
     that style of government was
   – The feudal system was not strong
     in Italy due to urban lifestyle
   – The pope moved his court to
     France leaving Italians without
     much interference from the
• Most of those city states
  were controlled by
  despots or by oligarchies

• Some of the city states in
  Italy signed a treaty,
  backed by the papacy,
  that would not allow any
  one city state to become
  powerful enough to
  threaten or overthrow
  any other city
      How did Contact between people
               increase ?
• Increased trade  more people travelled = more exposure to
  different goods & materials
• Merchants grew wealthier  could afford to visit other areas
• Towns & cities grew larger  more daily contact with other
• Warfare  soldiers saw more different lands
• Treaties were signed  travel was safer
• Diplomacy  increased contacts in other lands
• Royal families inter-married  servants had to travel with
  the family to different parts
• Pope moved to Avingon  people had to travel to France,
  not Rome, to see him
 How did this Contact affect their lives
            & worldviews?
• Artwork included new materials & ideas from other areas
• Books & documents began from other areas, had new ideas
• New materials meant new fashion
• Building styles & materials were inspired by other
• New foods & spices to enjoy
• Education included ideas from new areas & was offered by
  other organizations
• People were able to choose where to work
• Feudal system began to fall apart
 How did this Contact affect their lives
            & worldviews?
• Wealthy people became powerful
• Church‟s power weakened
• City states became strong
• Citizens became proud of where they lived
 How did the Governments in Italy change? How
           did it affect their worldview
• Government changed from republics to oligarchies /despots
• People had less say & control over government decisions
• Wealthy merchants were able to purchase power
• Stable government creates steady supply of jobs
• Central control & less power with the Church
• People felt like citizens and not servants
• Military to protect a state was important
• Artisans & their products became valuable to the wealthy
• Wealthy leaders donated buildings, statues & paintings to beautify
  their city-state
  How has Canada’s urbanization affect people &
               their worldview
• do not have much contact with the natural environment
• Used to not knowing people in their community
• May have to travel out of community to work, play, etc
• Greater variety of jobs, larger variety of goods & services
• Expect wide variety of services, supports & job opportunities
• May have less say in local government decisions
• More access to entertainment & recreational facilities
• Architecture is more varied
• More diverse cultures & many languages spoken
• More schools, libraries, advanced education
• Support for families & individuals in need
• Need to provide services for homeless
Michael Angelo’s Pieta