Using Knowledge to Develop Africa

Document Sample
Using Knowledge to Develop Africa Powered By Docstoc
					                          May 8-10, 2006

         Intercontinental Sandton Sun and Towers
                Johannesburg, South Africa

   www.worldbank.org/wbi/africaknowledgeconference




This conference is being organized by World Bank, the Government of
South Africa through its Department of Science and Technology, and the
Government of Finland through its Ministry for Foreign Affairs. We are
also grateful to the Governments of France and Ireland for supporting
the conference.
 Plenary Sessions
 Notes: Plenary sessions will have simultaneous interpretation in English, French, and            Day 1   | May 8
 Portuguese. * = Speakers to be confirmed.
    9:00 – 10:00     Welcome to the Conference
                        • Gobind Nankani (by video), Vice President, Africa Region, World Bank
                          Introduced by Ritva Reinikka, Country Director for South Africa, World Bank
                        • Frannie Léautier, Vice President, World Bank Institute
                        • H.E. Mosibudi Mangena, Minister of Science and Technology, South Africa
                        • H.E. Heikki Tuunanen, Ambassador of Finland to South Africa

                     Developing and Implementing Knowledge Strategies for Enhancing Growth and
                     Competitiveness

                     Chair: Njabulo Ndebele, Vice Chancellor, University of Cape Town

   10:00 – 10:20     Knowledge for Development: Overview of Country Strategies and Key Challenges for
                     Africa
                          • Jean-Eric Aubert, Lead Specialist, World Bank Institute
   10:20 – 10:40     How to Develop and Implement Coherent Country Strategies: The Finnish Experience
                          • Jorma Routti, Creative Industries Management, Helsinki
   10:40 – 11:00     Coffee Break
   11:00 – 11:40     Discussants:
                         • Alan Gelb, Director, Development Policy, World Bank
                         • Duncan Hindle, Director-General, Ministry of Education, South Africa
   11:40 – 12:15     Discussion
    12:15 – 1:30     Lunch
     1:30 – 2:30     Cross-cutting issues for the Knowledge Economy:
                        • Supporting African innovators: policy and human capacity issues
                        • Local innovation, communities and indigenous knowledge
                        • Connecting Africa to the world: access for markets, growth and innovation
                        • Key institutions and governance issues for the knowledge economy in Africa

                     Moderator: Robert Hawkins, Senior Operations Officer, World Bank
                     Panelists:
                        • Lidia R. Arthur Brito, Professor and Former Minister of Higher Education, Science and
                           Technology, Mozambique
                        • Dhesigen Naidoo, Deputy Director-General, Department of Science and Technology,
                           South Africa
                        • Nicolas Gorjestani, Senior Advisor, Africa Region, The World Bank
                        • H.E. Venancio Massingue, Minister of Science and Technology, Mozambique
     2:30 – 3:00     Discussion
     3:00 – 3:30     Coffee Break


      Parallel Workshops—See Annex for Workshop Details
     3:30 – 5:00     Innovation How does                    Education How would          ICTs Leadership for the ICT-
                     innovation take place in Africa:       primary and secondary        enabled knowledge economy
                     The Micro and Meso Level               education need to change
                     (Clusters, Sectors)                    for the knowledge economy
             7:00    Dinner and Presentation (Sponsored by the Government of South Africa)
                     Speaker: H.E. Grace Naledi Mandisa Pandor, Minister of Education, South Africa
                     Venue and Tour: Apartheid Museum, Johannesburg




Conference Program                                                                                                  2
                                                                                                Day 2 | May 9


      Parallel Workshops—See Annex for Workshop Details
      9:00 – 10:30   Innovation How does                 Education How would               ICTs Leadership for the
                     innovation take place in            primary and secondary             ICT-enabled knowledge
                     Africa: The Micro and Meso          education need to change for      economy
                     Level (Clusters, Sectors)           the knowledge economy
     10:30 – 11:00   Coffee Break
     11:00 – 12:30   Facilitating innovative             What skills are needed for the    Enabling access for all:
                     activities: Role of universities,   knowledge economy                 policies, regulations and
                     public labs, and others                                               new business models for
                     centers of excellence                                                 expanding ICT
                                                                                           infrastructure and services
                                                                                           in Africa

      12:30 – 1:30   Lunch
       1:30 – 3:00   What can governments do to          How to foster sustainable         Empowering African ICT
                     support innovation projects         regional partnerships for         innovators and
                     and improve the innovation          education and science             entrepreneurs
                     climate

       3:00 – 3:30   Coffee Break
       3:30 – 5:00   Summary of issues and               Summary of issues and             Summary of issues and
                     recommendations for the next        recommendations for the next      recommendations for the
                     day’s plenary, including cross-     day’s plenary, including cross-   next day’s plenary,
                     cutting issues                      cutting issues                    including cross-cutting
                                                                                           issues


             7:00    Dinner and Presentation
                         •   Paul Ginies, Director General, Institut Supérieur Inter-Etats de formation et de
                             recherche dans les domaines de l’Eau, l’Energie, l’Environnement et les
                             Infrastructures, Burkina Faso, Experience of the Malaria Research and Training
                             Centre in Mali
                         •   Frannie Léautier, Vice President, World Bank Institute, The AIST Initiative




Conference Program                                                                                                   3
 Plenary Sessions
 Notes: Plenary sessions will have simultaneous interpretation in English, French, and          Day 3   | May 10
 Portuguese. * = Speakers to be confirmed.
    9:00 – 10:00     Policy Recommendations: Actions related to innovation, education, and ICTs emanating
                     from the conference workshops

                     Moderator: Neville Arendse, General Manager: International Resources, Department of
                     Science and Technology
                     Presenters: (20 minutes each)
                         •   Mamadou Ndoye, Executive Secretary, ADEA Former Minister of Education, Senegal
                             (Education)
                         •   Jean-Eric Aubert, Lead Specialist, World Bank Institute (Innovation)
                         •   Americo Muchanga, Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique (ICTs)

   10:00 – 10:45     Complementary inputs from participants and question/answer session

   10:45 – 11:00     Coffee Break
   11:00 – 12:30     Reactions to Policy Recommendations: Perspectives for Implementation

                     Moderator: Bruno Laporte, Manager, Knowledge for Development Program, World Bank
                     Institute
                     Panelists:
                           •   Dhesigen Naidoo, Deputy Director-General, Department of Science and Technology,
                               South Africa
                           •   Alfred Watkins, Lead Specialist, World Bank
                           •   Paul Ginies, Director General, Institut Supérieur Inter-Etats de formation et de
                               recherche dans les domaines de l’Eau, l’Energie, l’Environnement et les
                               Infrastructures, Burkina Faso
                           •   Jyrki Pulkkinen, Advisor on Information Society for Development, Ministry for Foreign
                               Affairs, Finland

    12:30 – 2:00     Lunch
     2:00 – 4:30     Round Table Discussion
                     Knowledge-Based Development: Opportunities for Africa
                     Role of vision, policy leadership, and change agents in putting debate into action

                     Chair: H.E. Trevor Manuel, Minister of Finance, South Africa
                     Discussants:
                         •    Rob Adam, Former Chairperson, NEPAD Science and Technology Steering
                              Committee
                         •    Shaun Johnson, The Mandela Rhodes Foundation
                         •    Hartwig Schafer, Director of Operations, Africa Region
                         •    Geoffrey Mwau, Senior Advisor to the Executive Director, Africa Group 1, World Bank
                         •    Aapo Polho, Director General, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Finland
                         •    Antoine Grassin, Director, Directorate for Scientific and Higher Education
                              Cooperation, France
                         •    Aidan Eames, Chair of the ICT Task Force, Ireland
                     Main Messages of the Conference: Frannie Léautier, Vice President, World Bank Institute

     4:30 – 5:00     Thanks and Closing of the Conference
                     Philemon Mjwara, Director General, Department of Science and Technology, South Africa




Conference Program                                                                                                     4
                                                    ANNEX

                       Agenda for the Innovation Workshop Sessions
                                       May 8-9, 2006

3:30 – 5:00 p.m.         Day 1 | May 8                                                                Innovation


1. How does innovation take place in Africa: The Micro and Meso Level (clusters, sectors)
 Knowledge use and technology innovation develop in Africa through singular paths and help build pockets of
 vitality and growth.
 How does knowledge and innovation contribute to the success of certain clusters and sectors in Africa, such as
 fishing, auto parts, clothing and textiles, cut flowers, and so on? How to maintain and scale up these clusters and
 sectors?
    •     What is the role of indigenous knowledge in development? How to make better use of it?
    • What innovations are needed to meet the basic needs of local communities? How do these develop?

     Moderator:
            o Adi Paterson, Deputy Director General, Science and Technology Expert Services, Department of
              Science and Technology, South Africa
     Speakers:
            o Banji Oyelaran-Oyeyinka, Professor and Senior Researcher, United Nations University-Institute for
              New Technologies (UNU-INTECH)
            o Nicolas Gorjestani, Senior Advisor, Africa Region, World Bank
            o Pape Diouf, Professor, Institut d’Etudes Universitaires du Developpement, Geneva
     Discussion



9:00 – 10:30 a.m.        Day 2 | May 9                                                                Innovation


2. Acquiring and Diffusing Global Knowledge: Role of FDI, Diaspora, and Other Channels
 It is very important for African countries to tap into global knowledge and technology, through channels such as
 FDI, Diaspora, and other means, and adapt and disseminate this knowledge for local use.
     •   What are the current roles of FDI and the Diaspora in acquiring and diffusing knowledge in Africa?
     • How can African countries tap into global knowledge more effectively by improving their investment
         climate?

     Moderator:
            o Adi Paterson, Deputy Director General, Science and Technology Expert Services, Department of
              Science and Technology, South Africa
     Speakers:
            o John Mugabe, Director, NEPAD Office of Science and Technology
            o Thomas Dixon, Technoserve, USA, Arusha, Tanzania
            o Brian Ngo, Lead Economist, World Bank
     Discussion




11:00 – 12:30 p.m.        Day 2 | May 9                                                               Innovation


Conference Program                                                                                                     5
3. Facilitating Innovative Activities: Role of Universities, Public Labs and other Centers of
Expertise
 As key knowledge and technology hubs, universities and public labs play important roles in creating and
 adapting knowledge, thus facilitating innovative activities.
   •   How can universities be organized to better serve the innovation needs of the surrounding communities?
   •   How can the linkages between universities, public labs and the business sector be strengthened to spur
       more innovation?
   •   How can centers of expertise help in linking innovators with the technical, commercial, and other
       resources, needed for spurring innovative activities?

       Moderator:
            o Nasima Badsha, Deputy Director-General for Higher Education, Ministry of Education, South Africa
       Speakers:
            o Laurens Cloete, Innovation Programme Manager, Meraka Institute, Centre for Scientific and
              Industrial Research (CSIR), South Africa
            o Martti Launonen, Vice President, Technopolis , Oulu Centre of Expertise Programme, Finland
       Discussion

1:30 – 3:00 p.m.          Day 2 | May 9                                                                  Innovation

4. What Can Governments do to Support Innovation Projects and Improve the Innovation
Climate?
 Actions taken by governments in Africa to effectively support innovation have been very limited to date. Given
 limited resources and capacity, an effective public-private partnership is crucial for spurring innovation and for
 improving the innovation climate in Africa. It is also essential to mobilize local communities in this effort.
    •   What is the role of government in supporting innovation in Africa? What assistance is needed?
    •   What are some successful examples in building public and private partnership for innovation? How can
        local communities be mobilized?
    • What can Africa learn from some successful examples from elsewhere?

       Moderator:
            o Nasima Badsha, Deputy Director-General for Higher Education, Ministry of Education, South Africa
       Speakers:
            o Mammo Muchie, Ethiopia, Visiting Professor University of Aalborg
            o Veijo Kavonius, Director of Regional Development, Ministry of Interior Affairs, Finland
            o Callie Pistorius, University of Pretoria, Chairperson, National Science Advisory Council
       Discussion

3:30 – 5:00 p.m.          Day 2 | May 9                                                                  Innovation

5. Summary of Issues and Recommendations for the Next Day’s Plenary, including Cross-
Cutting Issues

       Moderator:
            o Jean-Eric Aubert, World Bank Institute
 It is suggested that particular attention be given to:
   •    Development of local innovation systems by local communities; and the blending of local and global
        knowledge
   •    Appropriate institutional arrangements needed for innovation policies, including government
        responsibilities and public-private partnerships.
       Workshop Rapporteur:
            o Jean-Eric Aubert, Lead Specialist, World Bank Institute




Conference Program                                                                                                    6
                        Agenda for the Education Workshop Sessions
                                        May 8-9, 2006
Primary and secondary education, vocational training, academic qualifications in tertiary education, as
well as lifelong upgrading of skills and knowledge for the labor market are essential to shape economic
and technical progress in the knowledge-based society. The Education Workshop Sessions will focus
on how education and learning can contribute to and shape knowledge-based economies in Africa.
Note: * = speaker to be confirmed.



3:30 – 5:00 p.m.         Day 1 | May 8                                                                 Education

1. How would primary and secondary education systems need to change for the knowledge
economy?
  Education builds human capital, which is fundamental for economic growth, poverty reduction, and democratic
  governance. There is a wide consensus that education at the primary and lower secondary education levels are
  a fundamental requirement for the knowledge economy.
     •  How can such education systems be developed to support for sustainable economic growth and the
        knowledge economy without losing sight of wider social consequences?
     •  How to develop an inquiring mind in the course of primary and secondary education?
     •  What are the main challenges for African secondary education?

      Moderator:
             o Vinesh Hookoomsing, Pro Vice-Chancellor, University of Mauritius, Mauritius
      Speakers:
             o Mamadou Ndoye, Executive Secretary, ADEA Former Minister of Education, Senegal
             o Duncan Hindle, Director-General of the Department of Education, South Africa
             o Jacob Bregman, Lead Education Specialist, World Bank
      Discussion



9:00 – 10:30 a.m.        Day 2 | May 9                                                                 Education

2. What is the role of tertiary education in the knowledge economy?
  An increased emphasis on tertiary education--not only for the elites, but for much wider participation--is a
  necessary development for creating knowledge-based economies in Africa. Universities would also have to play
  a more important role in fostering innovation in the local and national economy, through increased interaction
  with civil society and the private sector. The latter issue will also be addressed in the Innovation Workshop.
    •    How to foster autonomy and accountability in African tertiary education?
    •    Given growing enrollment in tertiary education, how to ensure the quality and relevance of academic skills
         needed for the knowledge economy?

      Moderator:
             o Vinesh Hookoomsing, Pro Vice-Chancellor, University of Mauritius, Mauritius
      Speakers:
             o Abdou Salam Sall, Vice-Chancellor of Dakar University
             o Marjatta Hietala, Academy Profesor, University of Helsinki, Finland
             o Peter Materu, Senior Education Specialist, World Bank
      Discussion




Conference Program                                                                                                    7
11:00 – 12:30 p.m.       Day 2 | May 9                                                                Education

3. What skills are needed for the knowledge economy?
 The knowledge-based economy means an ever-increasing demand for well-educated and skilled workforce to
 participate in the economy as well as in civil society.
   •     Technological change and the increased competition flowing from trade liberalization and international
         competition require higher skills and productivity among employees. How can African countries respond to
         these challenges?
   •     What is the role of lifelong learning initiatives, including those related to Technical and Vocational
         Education? What should be the role of the private sector?

     Moderator:
            o Kadir Abdelkader Galy, Agence universitaire de la Francophonie *
     Speakers:
            o Patrick Awuah, President Ashesi University, Ghana
            o Justin Ellis, Under Secretary for Adult Education, Libraries and Culture, Namibia
            o Penny Vinjevold, Deputy Director-General for Further Education and Training, Ministry of
              Education, South Africa.

     Discussion



1:30 – 3:00 p.m.         Day 2 | May 9                                                                Education

4. How to foster sustainable regional partnerships for education and science?
 Fostering critical mass and resources in education and research is a key issue for many countries. Pan-African
 and regional partnerships and collaboration are therefore crucial in several areas.
    • What would be a good balance between specialization and collaboration in education and research in
        Africa?
    • Which have been some of the successful areas of collaboration in the past, and what is the potential for
        developing new ones?

     Moderator:
            o Jyrki Pulkkinen, Advisor on Information Society for Development, Ministry for Foreign Affairs,
              Finland
     Speakers:
            o Paul Ginies, Director General, Institut Supérieur Inter-Etats de formation et de recherche dans les
              domaines de l’Eau, l’Energie, l’Environnement et les Infrastructures, Burkina Faso
            o Peter Kinyanjui, Professor NEPAD e-school Initiative
            o Robert Kriger, Manager, National Research Foundation, South Africa
     Discussion



3:30 – 5:00 p.m.         Day 2 | May 9                                                                Education

5. Summary of issues and recommendations for the next day’s plenary, including cross-cutting
issues
     Moderators:
          o Kurt Larsen, Senior Program Officer and Anuja Utz, Senior Operations Officer, World Bank Institute
     Workshop Rapporteur:
            o Mamadou Ndoye, Executive Secretary, ADEA Former Minister of Education, Senegal




Conference Program                                                                                                  8
                              Agenda for the ICT Workshop Sessions
                                      Organized by infoDev
                                          May 8-9, 2006


3:30 – 5:00 p.m.          Day 1 | May 8                                                                          ICT

1. Leadership for the ICT-enabled Knowledge Economy
This session will examine case studies being developed by the Knowledge for Development Program on leadership
in e-government and ICTs in Africa. Mr. O Siochru will present a conceptual framework and offer concrete
examples of how leadership in this area has been critical in Rwanda, Kenya, Mozambique, and Senegal. Dr. Okech
has been designing and implementing e-government initiatives in Kenya and Rwanda and will elaborate on specific
challenges and opportunities.
     •   How is a knowledge-based development approach and an ICT "vision" of a country formulated?
     •   How is support for ICTs established by top leadership, and what types of incentives are available to them?
     •   In what ways does the country context impact leadership in ICTs and vice versa?
     •   What is the role of specific institutions in implementing ICT strategy?
     •   What lessons can other countries in Africa learn from these case studies on leadership?

       Moderator:
              o Bruno Laporte, Manager, Knowledge for Development Program, World Bank Institute
       Presentations:
              o Sean O Siochru, Researcher, Nexus Research, Ireland, Leadership in E-Government Initiatives: An
                African Perspective
              o Juma Okech, Secretary, Directorate of e-Government, Office of the President, Government of
                Kenya, Moving a Country Forward Using ICTs: The Leadership Dimension
       Discussant:
            o Jacques van Schalkwyk, Country Manager , South, Sub-Saharan Africa, Intel Corporation

9:00 – 10:30 a.m.         Day 2 | May 9                                                                          ICT

2. Growth, Competitiveness and Poverty Reduction in Africa: The Role of ICT
It is widely agreed that creating the conditions for robust and sustained economic growth is vital to securing Africa's
future and combating poverty. In an increasingly-global, knowledge-based economy, information and
communication technologies can be vital tools in helping African countries become more competitive, both
regionally and globally, and this increased competitiveness can be a key driver of economic growth. Yet ICT is not
a magical solution to Africa's growth and competitiveness challenges. This session will explore, on the basis of
several recent country studies commissioned by infoDev, how African firms can harness ICT to "move up the value
chain" and compete more effectively, both regionally and globally, so as to promote this broader economic growth.

       Moderator:
            o Jyrki Pulkinnen, Advisor on Information Society for Development, Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
                Finland
       Presentations:
              o Malik Fal, OTF Group, Lessons from African Case Studies: Tanzania and Uganda
              o Americo Muchanga, Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique's ICT initiatives
       Discussants
              o Alan Gelb, Director, Development Policy, World Bank




Conference Program                                                                                                        9
11:00 – 12:30 p.m.        Day 2 | May 9                                                                       ICT

3. Enabling Access for All: Policies, Regulations and New Business Models for Expanding ICT
Infrastructure and Services in Africa
A key impediment to ICT-enabled growth, competitiveness and poverty reduction in Africa is the poor state of, and
limited access to African ICT infrastructure and services, and the often-high costs o those services, particularly
international calls and high-speed internet access, which are crucial to firm competitiveness and to the growth of
African knowledge economies and societies more broadly. This session will explore the key challenges in
expanding affordable access to ICT in Africa, and recent efforts to address these challenges.

      Moderator:
             o Brian Longwe, African ISP Association
      Presentations:
           o Eric Osiakwan, African ISP Association, The Open Access Opportunity in Africa: new public-private
             models for expanding ICT infrastructure
           o Henry Chasia, Deputy Executive Chairperson, NEPAD e-Africa Commission, Building Regional
             Consenus and Partnership for ICT Infrastructure Projects: The EASSY Cable Project
           o Mika Skarp, NOKIA Oyj, Requirements & Possibilities to provide telephone connectivity for rural
             communities in sub-saharan Africa
      Discussants:
           o Florence Etta, Kenyan ICT Network (KICTAnet)
           o Mashila Matlala, Director: Policy, Department of Communications, South Africa


1:30 – 3:00 p.m.          Day 2 | May 9                                                                       ICT

4. Empowering African ICT Innovators and Entrepreneurs
Effectively using ICT as tools of economic opportunity and social empowerment, and of the growth of knowledge
economies and societies in Africa, depends heavily on the actions of Africa innovators and entrepreneurs who can
adapt these tools and services to the priority needs of Africans, and who can build new, innovative and competitive
businesses that harness the power of these technologies. This session will explore the key challenges and
opportunities in promoting ICT-enabled innovation and entrepreneurship in Africa, with a particular focus on
business incubation and SME development.

      Moderator
             o Estelle Sowah, Managing Director, Busy Internet, Ghana
      Presentations:
             o Mdu Mkhonza, CEO, Embizeni Innovation Support Centre, South Africa, The Challenges of ICT
               Business Incubation in Africa: Report from the infoDev African Incubator Network Conference
             o Paul Lamontagne, CEO, ENABLIS
             o Lucia Abrahams, Director, LINK Center, University of Witwatersrand, and Member, South African
               National Advisory Council on Innovation: Empowering Women with ICT
      Discussants:
             o Leon Lourens, Bodabeng Technology Incubator, South Africa


3:30 – 5:00 p.m.          Day 2 | May 9                                                                       ICT

5. Summary of Issues and Recommendations for next day's plenary
Discussants and Moderators from the 3 previous sessions will lead a highly-participatory discussion of the key
issues and recommendations emerging from the ICT sessions.
Moderator:
             o Robert Hawkins, Hawkins, Senior Operations Officer, World Bank
Workshop Rapporteur:
          o Americo Muchanga, Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique




Conference Program                                                                                                    10