The history of our National Anthem How to sing the national anthem by sdsdfqw21


									                                                                                            My Country South Africa

The history of our National Anthem                                                        VOCABULARY
                                                                                          Compromise – settling an argument
The history of Nkosi Sikelel’ iAfrika
                                                                                          and accepting less than one wanted
In 1897, Enoch Sontonga of the Mpinga clan of the amaXhosa, was inspired to               Harmonious – different musical notes
write a hymn for Africa. At the time, he was 24 years old, a teacher, choirmaster,        that sound pleasant together, or being
                                                                                          friendly instead of fighting
lay Methodist preacher and photographer living in Nancefield, near Johannesburg.
                                                                                          Inspire – fill a person with good or use-
In 1899, this beautiful hymn, Nkosi Sikelel’ iAfrika, was sung in public for the first     ful feelings and ideas
time at the ordination of Reverend Boweni, a Methodist Minister. It had a powerful        Prosperity – successful, growing in
effect on whoever heard it, and became so well loved that it was added to,                wealth
translated, and sung all over Africa.                                                     Strive – try very hard to do
                                                                                          Unique – the only one of its kind
A further seven verses were added to the hymn by poet S.E.K. Mqhayi, and on
                                                                                          Weird – very strange
16 October 1923 Nkosi Sikelel’ iAfrika was recorded by Solomon T. Plaatje,
accompanied by Sylvia Colenso on the piano. It was sung in churches and at
gatherings, and in 1925 it became the official anthem to be sung at the end of
African National Congress meetings.
Although his hymn quickly became well known, Sontonga was not famous in his
lifetime. For many years, historians searched for information about this humble
man’s life and death. They eventually found the following death notice in the
Xhosa newspaper, Imvo Zabantsundu:
                                                                5 Enoch
                                                                                How to sing the national
                                         burg. On 18 April 190                  anthem
             “Sontonga, E. Johannes                        this time. He,
                                      ay. He was not sick
             M Sontonga passed aw                  mach ache to the extent
             however, suf fered at times from sto                               When the National Anthem is sung, all
                                                             t days on this
                                     that these were his las
             that he would predict                         photograph of his    present should show their respect:
                                      requested to take a
              earth. One Sunday he                    s suffering a toothache
              wife. The wife refused because she wa                             * Stand up straight and pay attention
                                       is young man was a com
              that particular day. Th                      one location         * Stand still
                                     erend PJ Mzimba at
              for the Church of Rev                    grapher and a lay
               in Johannesbu  rg. He was also a photo                   was     * Do not laugh or talk
                                      ed by his wife and one child. He
               preacher. He is surviv
                                      d was 33 years old.”
               born in Uitenhage an                                             * Civilians should take off their hats

                                                                                    Stand up
Hurry up!

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