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					                                                     SEX WORKER EDUCATION
                                                    & ADVOCACY TASKFORCE
Design & DTP: Carol Burmeister (021) 689-7884




                                                           COMMUNITY HOUSE
                                                          41 SALT RIVER ROAD
                                                              SALT RIVER 7925
                                                                  P.O BOX 373
                                                          WOODSTOCK 7915
                                                                CAPE TOWN
                                                            SOUTH AFRICA
                                                     TEL (+27 21) 448-7875
                                                    FAX (+27 21) 448-7857
                                                 EMAIL sweat@iafrica.com
                                                WEBSITE www.sweat.org.za
                                                        A N N U A L
                                                        R E P O R T




                                                                1 APRIL 2004 -
                                                                 31 MARCH 2005




S E X   W O R K E R   E D U C A T I O N   &   A D V O C A C Y      T A S K F O R C E
                                                                       C ONTENTS

Director's Report ................................................................................ 2

Snapshots of the Year ...................................................................... 4

Legal Advocacy & Lobbying ................................................................ 6
                                                                                                                               A TRIBUTE
                                                                                                                               TO MARIA NEETHLING
Research & Networking ...........................................................................8                              We wish to pay a special tribute to
                                                                                                                                Maria Neethling who resigned from
                                                                                                                                 the Board this year. Maria was an
Training & Support Services ................................................................ 10                                   active, committed member of the
                                                                                                                                   Management Board of SWEAT
Sisonke ..................................................................................................................14        since 1995, when SWEAT
                                                                                                                                     became an independent organi-
Income and Expenditure Statement ....................................................... 16                                           sation. She served as Treasurer
                                                                                                                                       for the past four years and her
                                                                                                                                        support and guidance in this
                                                                                                                                         role is missed.
                                                                                                                                         Maria shared her consid-
                                                                                                                                         erable knowledge and
                                                                                                                                          expertise with SWEAT
Members of the SWEAT Board of Management                                                                                                   that will remain with the
Helene Combrinck (Chairperson), Maria Neethling (Treasurer who resigned during the year), Marcelle Londt (Member)
Nikki Naylor (Member), Vivienne Bozalek (Member), Timothy Hebblewhite (Member)                                                              organisation. We thank
                                                                                                                                             her and wish her well.
                                     D IR E C T O R ’ S                      REPORT


                             The year under review has been one of realising planned shifts in
                            interventions and consolidating the team


                         OVERVIEW
                        SWEAT has had an internal focus this year,           movement, with three national meetings of representatives
                      working on improving the monitoring and evalu-         from across the country. These meetings focussed on building
                     ation of our work objectives and increasing our         organisational identity and capacity. The local Sisonke group
                    effectiveness with relation to service delivery around   met monthly and engaged actively in local events such as the
                   health and human rights work.                             International Day of No Violence Against Sex Workers.

                   In September Novib, our major funder, conducted an
                 evaluation with us that was part of their assessment with
                                                                             THE STAFF TEAM
                regards to continued funding. This was a useful initiative   The staff team has remained constant since changes in the
               in setting more concrete goals that focussed on quantifying   advocacy and administrative posts in June 2004. My appre-
              outcomes. We have incorporated this into our programme         ciation and thanks to all for their support and work through-
             planning, particularly in relation to our direct service        out the year.
            work.
                                                                             We said goodbye to Fundiswa Moyo, Office Administrator,
            In March Donna Podems of OTHERwise Evaluation and                in April 2004.
          Research undertook an external evaluation of advocacy work at
         SWEAT. Open Society Foundation funded this evaluation. The          FUNDING
        outcome overall was very positive in relation to SWEAT being
       perceived as a credible organisation that was sending out a clear     We would like to acknowledge the support and
      call for the decriminalisation of adult sex work in South Africa.      guidance that we have received from our funders over
     The recommendations flowing from this report have already been          the past financial year:
    implemented.We moved forward with SISONKE, the sex worker led



2
To Novib for core funding and for being active in sharing       To those organisations actively supporting the
information and networking with us.                             growth of Sisonke.

To Open Society Foundation of South Africa for continuing       A special thank you to the Women’s Legal
to support our advocacy and lobbying work and for funding       Centre, and in particular Hayley Galgut, who is
an evaluation of this work programme.                           an invaluable legal resource to SWEAT.

To the National Department of Health for a grant to support     To our auditors, Bass Gordon Willis, for their
our outreach work and for access to condoms, both male          ongoing services and support.
and female.
                                                                To Bobby Stewart Roberts from Equity Works for
To the Provincial Department of Health for a grant in support   her input around human resource management and
of our preventative work around HIV and AIDS.                   organisational development.

To Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust for a grant in support      To Rob McDonald from DATA PK who is always
of our research work.                                           available to sort out our computer problems.

To the Department of Community Safety for a grant towards
educational materials development.

To the Global Fund for Women for a grant in general
support.
                                                                              THE SWEAT TEAM

                                                                   Back
THANKS                                                             John Mentiey Outreach Worker,
                                                                   Nicolé Fick Researcher,
                                                                   Britta Rotmann Legal Advocacy
To the Board of Management whose support and guidance is           & Lobbying Coordinator
appreciated.                                                       Middle
                                                                   Rachel Oostendorp Office Assistant,
To our networking partners who have supported our events           Fatima Fredericks Office Administrator
and promoted sex worker rights.                                    & Bookkeeper
                                                                   Front
                                                                   Jayne Arnott Director,
                                                                   Priscilla Baleni Outreach Worker,
                                                                   Vivienne Lalu Training Coordinator

                                                                                                                  3
         S N APSHOTS                           OF      THE   YEAR


         Below are some of the events that stood out during the year



      February 2004
     Population Services International invited SWEAT
    to visit their project in Swaziland after we had
                        participated in a Cape Town
                          based conference. Outreach
                          worker John Mentiey and a
                       representative from the local
                       Sisonke group subsequently
                       met with over 350 sex workers
                      across Swaziland and conducted
              safer sex workshops and answered many
             questions around health and safety.

            May 2004
             First national meeting of representa-
           tives of Sisonke took place in Cape Town
          where the group finalised their Mission
          Statement.

           July 2004
            The director attended the International
            AIDS Conference in Bangkok and pre-
                 sented on Sex Work and Legal
                 Reform in South Africa.

4
                                                                                                                         September 2004
                                                                                                                         Second national meeting of Sisonke representa-
                                                                                                                         tives took place in Cape Town with a focus on
                                                                                                                         media skills training.

                                                                                                                         December 2004
                                                                                                                         SWEAT commemorated the International Day of No
                                                                                                                         Violence Against Sex Workers with Sisonke. A post-
                                                                                                                         card was designed and distributed.

                                                           ISM    + 1
                                                                                                                         February 2005
                                                  OF ACTIV
                                          16 DAYS
                                                                   1 6 D AY S O




                                  ISM + 1
                 16 DAYS
                         OF ACTIV                                                                                        Third national meeting of Sisonke took place in Johannes-
                                                                         A S F AC




                           if a se
                                    x                                                                                    burg and SWEAT met with three NGO’s that are supportive
                                  ker
                                                                                  TIVISM




                           worfe, then                                                                                   of the development of Sisonke.
                                                                               + 1 16 D
                                                                                 1




                        is not sa     an
                        no wom
                                                                                        AY S O F A C




                                                            OUT
                                                                                                                         March 2005
                           is safe NSSPSEX WORKERS !
                                                 EAK UP AB
                                                                                                     T II V II S M +
                                                                                                     T V




16 + 1                                                                                                                   A pamphlet on Voluntary Counselling and Testing [VCT] was
  DAYS




= 17IODEYC
                                 AI T E AG
                            VIOLENC
                                                                                                                     1




          DA                                  + 1 16 D
                                                       AYS OF A
                                                                CTIVISM
                                                                                                 + 1
                                                                                                                         completed.
   AT NAL
INTERN LENCE                    OF   ACTIVISM
                        16 DAYS
 OF NO VIOSEX WORKERS
 AGAINST                                                                                                                 The researcher wrote an article on sex workers’ experiences
                                                                                                                         with local law enforcement for the Research for Sex Work
                                                                                                                         Journal. This was an opportunity to use some of the help seeking
                                                                                                                         research results.




                                                                                                                                                                                            4
                       L EGAL                  A DVOCACY & L OBBYING


                              Areas that have shown development in this programme in the year under
                             review are those of lobbying and networking in support of decriminalisation

                          INPUT TO NATIONAL                                      the Sexual Offences Act the Commission is currently draft-
                                                                                 ing a discussion paper on trafficking. This legislation will
                         LEGISLATION                                             potentially influence the lives of sex workers and SWEAT
                         The primary objective of the advocacy programme         will make a submission to this Paper in order to ensure
                        is to influence national legislation, which, directly    that this new legislation will not impact negatively on sex
                       or indirectly, affects sex workers. The sections of the   workers.
                      Sexual Offences Act that criminalises adult sex work
                    and all related activities, is currently under review        INPUT TO PROVINCIAL
                   by the South African Law Reform Commission. A
                  first Paper on these sections was released in 2002 and
                                                                                 AND LOCAL LAWS
                 SWEAT made a submission in December 2002.                       This objective is informed primarily by the needs of sex
               In the year under review there was no movement from the           workers within the Western Cape.
              Commission with regards to the release of a second Paper.          The City of Cape Town is currently reviewing their zoning
             The delay in the release of this Paper is beyond the control        regulations and has attempted to incorporate ‘adult services’
            of SWEAT and we have no influence over this process. We              or sexually orientated services’ within these draft regula-
           have however tried to put pressure on the process by address-         tions. As these will impact primarily on indoor agencies and
              ing our concerns in writing to the Commission. We did              therefore sex workers within those agencies, it is important
               ascertain that there had been a change of researcher for the      to monitor the process and, where possible, give input on the
                  Paper and the Minister confirmed this in her response.         zoning laws. We made a brief submission to the proposed
                   Even though SWEAT was advised that the Paper would            regulations in January 2005.
                   be released in 2004, it has still not been released and is
          now only expected in 2006.                                             During 2003 the City of Cape Town proposed a new
                                                                                 bylaw, the Safety and Security Bylaw, which would have
       SWEAT has attended to other national legislative review with a            severely impacted on the rights of sex workers. Although
    submission in relation to the draft Sexual Offences Bill. In addition to     the bylaw seems to have been put on hold we continue to
                                                                                 monitor the situation.


6
One of the primary complaints of street-based sex                 the matter of the State versus Fillies, which
workers within the broader Cape Town area is harassment           deals with the murder of a local sex worker.
by the police. As part of this objective we are constantly re-
evaluating our approach to harassment by the police. This
ranges from advice to individual sex workers to take forward
                                                                  REGULATING
complaints against the police and to assist them in doing so,     THE INDUSTRY
to meetings with various persons within the police services       This objective is an attempt to move toward
and the city police to discuss alternative ways of dealing with   a model of regulation of the industry within a
sex work in the various communities. Information gathered         decriminalised system but also an attempt to
from four different areas on harassment by the police has         regulate within the current criminalised system.
been collated and forwarded to the relevant persons within
the police and city police services.                              It includes monitoring of reports from sex
                                                                  workers about indoor working conditions so that we
Many sex workers are not arrested under the Sexual                may identify a potential case to refer to the Commission
Offences Act but rather under municipal bylaws. In a high         for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration. We advise,
percentage of cases sex workers are arrested under the            where possible, those entering the indoor industry on
‘loitering’ bylaw or for failure to follow the instructions of    how to negotiate their working conditions despite being
a peace officer.                                                  in an illegal industry. We also monitor developments within
We have briefed a law firm to give us an opinion on               the indoor industry such as proposals to form unions.
whether this bylaw can be challenged on constitutional            This objective also includes work with Sisonke in order to
grounds and what the best way is to take such a challenge for-    formulate a manner of regulating the
ward. This would impact on the mechanisms that the police         industry in either a legalised
officers can use to arrest sex workers and hopefully reduce       or decriminalised environ-
the opportunities for unlawful arrest and harassment.             ment. Sisonke is also
Court Cases that have an impact locally, such as matters          consulted on any is-
relating to police harassment, are also monitored. Cases          sues that may affect
being monitored at present are the case in Gauteng against        the regulation of
the police exposed by “Special Assignment” as being involved      the industry.
in bribery and corruption related to policing sex work and




                                                                                                                                7
                              R ES E A R C H                        & NETWORKING


                               During 2003 SWEAT embarked on an in-depth qualitative research project
                               with a small sample of sex workers. A report will be published in 2005.

                            QUALITATIVE RESEARCH                                  The majority of those who participated in the survey indi-
                                                                                  cated that they had done other jobs besides sex work. Only
                             This research aimed to gather qualitative informa-   29% of the participants said they had never done any other
                            tion related to sex workers experiences and focus     work besides sex work. The kinds of work that people had
                           on help seeking behaviour as well as resilience and    been involved in was mainly domestic work or work as a
                          coping skills. The research involved interviews with    shop assistant. Smaller numbers of the participants had done
                         seventeen sex workers using a questionnaire to gath-     factory work or administrative work.
                        er in depth information related to work and personal
                                                                                  Sixty-one participants said they had started doing this work
                      lives. We obtained much information that is presently
                                                                                  because they couldn’t find another job (either because no
                     being documented in relation to stigma, discrimina-
                                                                                  jobs were available or because they had insufficient training).
                    tion, oppression, violence and resilience. The informa-
                                                                                  Fourteen of the participants said they do this work because it
                   tion is very valuable to SWEAT in relation to supporting
                                                                                  allows them to earn more than they would in any other job.
                  our advocacy work and in informing our directions with
                                                                                  Eight participants indicated that they had entered the sex
                 service delivery. The results have been considered in our
                                                                                  work industry because they had lost their jobs.
                programme planning.

                                                                                  INFORMATION MANAGEMENT
              QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH                                               We outsourced our website design and our new site will be
                                                                                  operational by the end of June. In the interim the present
            Demographic survey                                                    site was updated and the documents converted for easier
          We have undertaken a demographic survey of the sex work                 downloading.
         industry in Cape Town and aim to conduct this survey with 200            We sought assistance to upgrade our databases. This includes
        sex workers, street based and indoors. We have already reached            a database on our internal material resources in our resource
       halfway and here follows a snapshot of the results:                        library and a database on our outreach sites. The latter will
                                                                                  be used to capture outreach work including statistics related
       Of the 100 surveys processed 94 of the interviews were with female         to visits, condom distribution and safer sex education.
      sex workers and 6 interviews were done with male sex workers. The           Two more databases will be developed in 2005 related to
     average age of sex workers interviewed was 27 years, with the youngest       our counselling programme and to capture statistics on
    person being 18 years old and the oldest person being 54 years old.           harassment and arrests by the police.
8
NETWORKING                                                       The advocacy coordinator attended a two-day
                                                                 round table discussion on trafficking hosted
AND PUBLIC EDUCATION                                             by Masimanyane in East London in December
                                                                 2004.
Networking Highlights
The training coordinator attended the Women’s Parliament
                                                                 Public Education
in June 2004 and contributed to the debate around sex work       The director gave input to an article in
as work.                                                         the Big Issue regarding male sex work.
The director presented a paper on law reform at the              In July 2004 our media coverage escalated
International AIDS conference in Bangkok in July 2004. This      when we experienced opportunities
was a valuable networking opportunity around advocacy            to respond to events in the news that
work, linking with sex worker led advocacy projects from         included the yellow bib campaign to
across the world and identifyng common concerns and              address ‘criminal’ activity in the Sea
strategies around law reform.                                    Point area as well as the SABC Special
                                                                 Assignment programme that exposed
The advocacy coordinator presented at a conference
                                                                 police corruption in relation to policing
organised by the Centre for the Study of Violence and
                                                                 sex workers and their clients. SWEAT
Reconciliation [CSVR] in August 2004. The presentation
                                                                 also participated in this programme
looked at the practical aspects of the current criminalisation
                                                                 and Britta, the advocacy coordinator,
and the challenges of a decriminalised system. This was part
                                                                 appeared on the SABC 2 television
of the week long organised activities surrounding the Sexual
                                                                 programme, “The Big Question”, to
Offences Bill. Sex workers from Johannesburg also attended
                                                                 debate legal reform.
and spoke about the hardships they face, particularly the
kind of harassment they are subjected to by the police.          In July 2004 we participated in
                                                                 developing a programme for Carte Blanche
The director was approached by the new coordinator of the
                                                                 that included Sisonke representatives
journal, Research for Sex Work, to assist with reviewing
                                                                 and looked at the work of SWEAT as
articles.                                                        well as the yellow bib campaign. This
The advocacy coordinator presented at a conference organised     programme aired in January 2005.
by POWA [People Opposing Women Abuse] in October 2004            In December 2004 we utilised
on women and access to the economy. Other organisations          opportunities to publicise the International Day of No Violence Against Sex
present included the Equality Project and the Domestic           Workers and were successful in having an article published in the Mail and
Worker’s Union and all agreed that decriminalisation of adult    Guardian on the day as well as a brief article in the Weekend Argus.
sex work would advance the cause of women.
                                                                                                                                               9
                     T RAINING                       & S UPPORT S ERVICES


                               During the course of outreach the outreach workers encountered 1447
                              female sex workers, 57 male sex workers and 4 transgender sex workers.
                              The outreach team interacted with 202 managers and/or owners of agencies

                            TRAINING & SUPPORT
                           SERVICES PROGRAMME                                           MALE CONDOM DISTRIBUTION 2004 -2005
                         Safer Sex Education Workshops                          180 000 ...............................................................................................................
                                                                                160 000 ...............................................................................................................
                        The statistics below are related to structured work-    140 000 ...............................................................................................................
                                                                                120 000 ...............................................................................................................
                       shops with sex workers that can cover the following      100 000 ...............................................................................................................
                      content depending on the needs identified by the sex       80 000 ...............................................................................................................
                     workers concerned:                                          60 000 ...............................................................................................................
                                                                                 40 000 ...............................................................................................................
                    • Male and female condom demonstrations                      20 000 ...............................................................................................................
                                                                                     0 ................................................................................................................
                   • Safer sex practices
                                                                                                         APRIL - JUNE                JULY - SEPT             OCT - DEC                 JAN - MAR
                  • Sexually transmitted infections
                 • HIV and AIDS                                                            Male Indoor                                                                           Female Indoor
                • General health and hygiene                                               Male Outdoor                                                                          Female Outdoor
               • Douching practices
                                                                                     FEMALE CONDOM DISTRIBUTION 2003 -2004
             We had 33 sessions indoors and reached 174 sex workers
            We had 20 sessions outdoors and reached 115 sex workers             7 000 ....................................................................................................................

            We conducted 2 sessions outdoors and reached 25 clients             6 000 ....................................................................................................................
                                                                                5 000 ....................................................................................................................
           Drop in                                                              4 000 ....................................................................................................................

          SWEAT operates a drop in facility on Wednesday afternoons for sex     3 000 ....................................................................................................................
         workers to visit the office for refreshments and socialise with each   2 000 ....................................................................................................................
        other. John, outreach worker, is on hand to check in with people and    1 000 ....................................................................................................................
       offer more structured discussions where possible. Educational videos            0 ...................................................................................................................
      are also offered on these afternoons. 208 sex workers attended drop-in                             APRIL - JUNE               JULY - SEPT              OCT - DEC                JAN - MAR
     during the year under review.
10
GROUP WORK
Masithandane group
This group has been meeting regularly throughout the year
and averages attendance of 10 sex workers. The focus is on
health issues and this year Priscilla, outreach worker, has
worked hard to link the members of the group to the Langa
Clinic. Three clinic staff met with the group in September
2004 and discussed issues of confidentiality, acceptance and
what services were available at the clinic. This level of contact
has facilitated access to health services, particularly around
sexually transmitted infections including HIV and AIDS.
Regular meetings and outreach work with the Masithandane
group in Langa has resulted in the sex workers requesting joint
workshops with their clients at the Epping truck stop area. A
very successful condom demonstration was done with clients
and the sex workers concerned subsequently reported an
increase in client’s willingness to use condoms. The outreach
team is planning to continue with this outreach to clients and
involve the Masithandane group actively so that they can take
this education forward independently in the long term.

Other

A meeting was held with five sex workers in the Mfuleni area
in March towards starting a support group in this area.

Two meetings with thirteen sex workers have taken place in
Khayelitsha to explore the possibility of a support group.

                                                                    11
     T RAINING                           & S UPPORT S ERVICES                                                                      CONTINUED




                    COUNSELLING, ADVICE
                    AND REFERRALS                                                                     HIV AND AIDS

                    In the period under review we received many                                   SEX
                   queries and requests for assistance related to work-                   & SEXUALITY                                              WORKING
                                                                                                                                                   CONDITIONS
                  ing conditions at agencies. This is a difficult area to
                 address, as sex workers have no recourse to labour
                legislation. We did produce a pamphlet that address-                    EXITING
               es working conditions in relation to what sex workers              THE INDUSTRY
              can do to influence their working environments.
             Sex workers presenting at the office or phoning in for
            assistance largely brought problems around accommo-                                MENTAL                                             HOMELESS/
                                                                                               HEALTH                                             HOUSING
           dation, homelessness, mental health as well as HIV and
          AIDS. The chart opposite shows the most frequent issues
         brought to SWEAT by individuals seeking assistance.                                                  PREGNANCY/
                                                                                                              ABORTION

        JOINT SOCIAL EVENTS
       The chart below shows attendance where
      different groupings come together for
     a social event and an activity.



                                       MAY 2004
                                                               14                                                                                MARCH 2005
                           TAI CHI DEMONSTRATION                                                                              25
                                                                                                        37                                       DRUMMING SESSION
                                                                                  20



                                   OCTOBER 2004
                            SELF-DEFENCE TRAINING                                                DECEMBER 2004
                                                                      DRAMA BY COMMUNITY ARTS PROJECT AND A VIGIL FOR THE SECOND INTERNATIONAL
                                                                                    DAY OF NO VIOLENCE AGAINST SEX WORKERS
12
MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT                                                                                          MATERIALS
A pamphlet on voluntary testing and counselling [VCT] was                                                      DISTRIBUTION
produced in order to facilitate discussions with sex workers                                                   Since November SWEAT has been keeping
around testing and linking to testing services. Reprints were                                                  statistics on materials distributed directly to sex
made of the safer sex booklet Workwise and two safer sex                                                       workers and during training. The distribution is
pamphlets and six editions of the SWEATscene newsletter                                                        reflected below.
were produced.
We gave permission to Planned Parenthood Association of
South Africa [PPASA] Western Cape to reproduce our Safer
Sex and General Health pamphlets and to translate these
into Afrikaans and Xhosa. SWEAT will have access to the
translations and maintains copyright of the materials.                                                                                      SAFER SEX
                                                                                                                                             LEAFLET
                                                                                                                                              345
TRAINING & NETWORKING
   DATE             NO OF PARTICIPANTS                      CONTENT OF TRAINING
                                                                                                                                                                      MALE
 JUNE 2004 40 nursing students at the University            Male and female condom demonstrations and the                                                             TO MALE
           of Stellenbosch.                                 issues facing sex workers.                                                                               LEAFLET
 JULY 2004 22 nurses at Langa Clinic in Cape Town.          Workshop on the needs and issues facing sex workers.                                                     50

 SEPT 2004 5 senior nurses at the Regional Department A training workshop related to sex workers and health
           of Health.                                 issues and a condom demonstration.
 OCT 2004     6 participants from the Counselling Focus     A presentation on the issues facing sex workers.                                                              WORKWISE
              Group of the Western Cape Network on                                                                                                                         BOOKLET
              Violence Against Women.                                                                                                                                       164
 NOV 2004     13 nurses at Mfuleni Clinic.                  A workshop on health and safety issues facing sex workers.
              10 staff members at the Resource              Talk on stigma and discrimination facing sex workers
              Action Group.                                 and male and female condom demonstration.                                             HYGIENE
                                                                                                                                                  LEAFLET
              20 counsellors at the New Start VCT Centre.   Workshop around the health issues facing sex workers
                                                            and safer sex practices.                                                              322

 JAN 2005     20 exchange students from the                 Brief presentation on the work of SWEAT.
              University of Cape Town

                                                                                                                                                                                     13
          S IS ONKE : THE                              SEX WORKER - LED MOVEMENT


                                SWEAT has supported the development of SISONKE following the
                               launch
                              of this group at a national meeting of sex workers in October 2003
                             NATIONAL SISONKE                                       September 2004
                          We have followed up with groups of sex workers            The meeting focussed on legal reform, the anticipated
                         that attended the national meeting. These groups           release of the Law Commission Paper, media skills training,
                        are largely linked to health-based organisations            as well as a concrete ways forward for Sisonke. The delegates
                       and it is through these organisations that we have           managed the second day independently and a programme of
                      reached sex workers on a national level. A representa-        action was worked out.
                     tive was elected from each group and three national            This programme centred on outreach to sex workers in their
                    meetings of these representatives were held during the          areas explaining Sisonke and gathering information from sex
                   year under review. A pamphlet explaining and promot-             workers about their needs.
                  ing SISONKE was completed in consultation with the
                 representatives and distributed at the national meeting
                                                                                    March 2005
                in March 2005.
                                                                                    The meeting took place in Johannesburg and six representa-
                The meetings have focussed on developing a programme of             tives from 5 provinces attended the meeting. The focus of
             action for SISONKE and some detail follows below.                      the meeting was to consolidate SISONKE planning for 2005.
                                                                                    SISONKE representatives also gave feedback on the research
           May 2004                                                                 they had committed to do at the previous meeting. A sum-
           Seven sex workers from across the country attended the meeting           mary of the feedback as follows:
          in May. The main focus of this meeting was to look at strategies for
                                                                                    • Drug addiction: The members felt that there were not enough
         taking the movement forward. One of the important tasks tackled
                                                                                      services for sex workers who are addicts. More im-
       by the group was to develop a mission statement for SISONKE: “As
                                                                                      portantly they felt that many sex workers become ad-
      sisonke our aim is to unite sex workers to improve their living and working
                                                                                      dicts because they do not have enough information about
     conditions and to fight for equal access to rights.”
                                                                                      drugs or around alternative positive coping mechanisms.


14
                                                                    and this impacts on how they feel about
                                                                    themselves, their mental health and their
                                                                    ability to organise and mobilise.

                                                                    In addition to coordinating national meetings
                                                                    we were active in identifying new groups and
                                                                    expanding the pool of representatives. We have
                                                                    negotiated with the following organisations in order
                                                                    to reach more sex workers nationally:
                                                                    • Choice Home Based Care in Tzaneen
                                                                    • Lesedi Lechabile Primary Care in the Free State
                                                                    • Open Door Aids Centre in Durban
                                                                    • Tshwaragano in Gauteng
                                                                    • Planned Parenthood Association of South Africa,W.Cape

They noted that preventative work around drug addictions is         Meetings with organisations
important.
                                                                    The training coordinator and outreach worker met with three
• Harassment by police: Members felt that relationships need        organisations during the national meeting of representatives in
  to be built with police structures on local and national level.   Johannesburg. These meetings aimed to generate more support
  Although sex workers all want harassment by the police to         for Sisonke and share with the organisations the progress Sisonke
  go away, not many are prepared to get involved in addressing      had made. The organisations visited were:
  the issues.
                                                                    • Mothusimphilo Outreach Project, Carletonville.
• Sex worker identity: This theme dealt largely with how sex
  workers see themselves. The group recognised that there           • Rustenburg Peer Education Programme, Rustenburg.
  are sex workers who are positive about sex work. They feel        • Women at Risk Project, Reproductive Health and Research Unit,
  that many sex workers view what they are doing negatively           Hillbrow


                                                                                                                                        15
               I  NCOME AND EXPENDITURE STATEMENT FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31 MARCH 2005


                                                                  2005            2004
                                     INCOME                 1 604 597       2 073 592

                                  Grants                        1 541 299       1 942 744
                                  Donations                         3 670          14 458
                                 Interest received                 57 239         116 390
                                 Other income                       2 389               0


                              EXPENDITURE                   1 668 736       1 615 338


                               Accounting Fees                     15 367         12 851
                               Advertising and promotions          15 408         25 050
                              Auditor's remuneration               14 825         13 745
                             Bank charges                           6 076          5 972
                            Catering and refreshments               2 450          2 485
                           Cleaning                                   767            756
                          Client relief                             1 086            582
                         Computer expenses                         14 547        13 3644
                        Conferences                                 8 330         77 553
                       Consulting fees                             54 723         44 882
                      Courier and postage                             668            853
                     Fixed assets written off                      27 021         16 219
                    Insurance                                       5 993          4 028
                   Materials Development                           26 304         16 427
                  Membership fees                                      88            261
                 National Education and training                   91 699        147 436
                 Organisational and volunteer development          10 906         16 271
                Printing and stationery                            14 333         13 751
                            eval
               Programme evaluation                                40 000              0
              Publications                                         14 540          7 095
             Rent                                                  71 588         66 639
            Repairs and maintenance                                 3 953          6 088
           Resources                                               10 425          7 507
          Salaries and wages                                    1 109 428        974 698
         Staff recruitment                                            965         20 011
        Team building and staff development                        11 818          6 193
       Telephone, fax, e-mail                                      43 999         61 848
      Transport                                                    33 525         36 117
      Workshops                                                    17 904         16 732


16   NETT (DEFICIT) SURPLUS FOR THE YEAR                      (64 139)       458 254

				
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