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					                                                                  ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION

                                                                                            Oct. - Dec. 2010
                                                                                         Vol. 23, Number 4




 SELECTED RESEARCH AND MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS
    RELATED TO THE ANCSA 14(H)(1) COLLECTION
     Ken Pratt (ANCSA Program Manager, Bureau of Indian Affairs - Alaska Region)

The April-June 2010 issue of Newspoke included an article by Sylvia Burns about the book Chasing the
Dark: Perspectives on Place, History and Alaska Native Land Claims (which I edited [Pratt 2009a]).
While that article was in preparation, I was contacted several times with questions concerning the unique set
                                              of records on which the book is based: i.e., the "ANCSA
                                              14(h)(1) Collection," which is managed by the Bureau of Indian
              CONTENTS                        Affairs (BIA). Those exchanges ultimately led to a request that
                                              I write an article for Newspoke describing selected problems
                                              and challenges involved with the management of this collection
 ANCSA RESEARCH AND                           (a subject in which members of the Alaska Library Association
 MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS                    1     would presumably have high interest). I agreed to do so, but
                                              insisted that my article would avoid repeating previously
 LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT 2
                                              published information. Thus, readers should consult Chasing
 AKLA JADE GAVEL                         5    the Dark (see especially Pratt 2009b) and/or other published
                                              works cited below for additional context related to issues
 CATALOGERS’ CORNER                    11     discussed herein.
 AkLA CHAPTER NEWS                   12
                                            The challenge of managing the ANCSA 14(h)(1) Collection is
 BOOK BUZZ                           15     complicated by a broad array of issues, only a few of which are
                                            addressed in this article. They correspond with the following
 ALASKA PATENT AND                          headings: The Record Collectors; Access Limitations; and
 TRADEMARK DEPOSITORY                       Records Processing Considerations. Readers should under-
 LIBRARY                             19
                                            stand that my comments on these matters are necessarily
 LETTERS ABOUT LITERATURE            20     abbreviated; each is more complex than this article might
                                            suggest.
 CHRISTMAS CARD HISTORY
 BEN FRANKLIN                        25     The Record Collectors
 AMAZON CRITICIZED                   26     The vast majority of records contained in this collection were
                                            generated by ANCSA 14(h)(1) Program staff. During the
 NEWSPOKE GUIDELINES                 27     first decade of its implementation, however, most program
 AKLA OFFICERS                       28
                                                                                                (Cont. on pg. 6)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                              Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 2


                                                   LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT
                                                                      David Ongley

                                                    My AkLA directory is an indispensible tool in my day-
                                                    to-day work life. I keep it beside my phone and rare is
                                                    the day that I don’t pick it up, look up a number and
                                                    call someone. Practically every librarian in the state is
BEHIND THE SCENES AT AKLA:
                                                    listed in the directory. I look at those names—many I
                                                    know, but many more I don’t. I suspect that quite a
 NEWSPOKE                                           few of our members also don’t know some of the
                                                    people behind the scenes in AkLA who really make
 Volume 23, Number 4                                things work. Allow me to introduce you to three of our
 Oct. - Dec. 2010                                   more vital officers. Perhaps you already know them.
 ISSN: 1088-1808 --                                 Perhaps you’ve only heard of them or seen their names
   Quarterly                                        in the directory.
 Editor: Loretta Andress
 Tnx: Loraine Andress,                              Elise Tomlinson is the AkLA webmaster. Elise is
   Proofreader
                                                    currently serving as Interim Director of the Egan
 Submit items for publication:                      Library at UAS. Previously she was the Instruction
   Loretta Andress                                  Librarian there. The phone message on her number
   510 Togiak Circle                                listed in the directory states that she is still taking care
   Anchorage, AK 99503
   Email: aflma@gci.net
                                                    of the instruction duties. Elise has been the caretaker of
                                                    the association’s website since about 2002. She also
 Deadlines for future issues:                       develops the framework for each conference website
    Jan. 31, 2011                                   and maintains websites for the Egan Library and the
    Apr. 30, 2011
                                                    Friends of the Library. She is on the AkLA Social
 Article reprints are included with
                                                    Networking Committee and has set up the AkLA
 permission.                                        presence on Facebook and Twitter. Links to our social
                                                    networking accounts can be found on our website.
 Pls. note: Editor must produce pages (for          Recently she’s also picked up the assignment to handle
 printer) in multiples of four: 4 pages, 8          the various association listservs.
 pages, 12, etc. Your submission may need
 to be altered due to space constraints--will
 make every effort to have authors approve any      Originally from Nebraska, Elise came to Alaska right
 changes in advance of publication.                 out of high school and began working in the UAA
                                                    library as a student. She’s also worked at Loussac
 (If editor neglects to include an item you         Library before going on to library school at the
 have submitted, please let her know–if it’s
 still timely, it can be included in next issue,
                                                    University of Hawaii. She most enjoys working with
 with apologies from ed.)                           the design aspect of web pages, colors and fonts. This
                                                    is not surprising since in her spare time she is a master
                                                    artist. Have a look at her own website: http://
                                                    www.elisetomlinson.com/. Some amazing work! The
                                                    most difficult aspect of her job is knowing that she’ll

                                                                                                (Cont. on pg. 3)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                                   Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 3

(President’s Letter - Cont. from pg. 2)   Aleutians during WWII, and             library under Elizabeth Carroll
                                          returned to Indiana to marry           while a student there in the late
never be able to please everyone.         Nola. They came up over the            60s and eventually for almost 30
Elise sees the need for more input        Alcan in 1946, and Nola started        years at UAA’s Health Sciences
from the website’s users. She             up what later became Loussac’s         Library. Each quarter she begins
would like to hear about prob-            first branch library—the Spenard       to wonder if enough material will
lems or changes that are needed           Community Library. Loretta’s           be sent in to produce anything
                                                     twin Loraine completes      more than a four-page newsletter.
                                                     the “librarial” circle      Somehow our members always
                                                     by proof-reading            come through, and the paper is
                                                     Newspoke.                   usually in the 16 to 20 page
                                                                                 range.
                                                     Loretta exhibits an
                                                     Alaskan’s charac-           One problem, although laugh-
                                                     teristic propensity for     able, is meeting the printer’s
                                                     volunteering and            requirement for number of pages
                                                     privacy. However, she       in multiples of four: if she has
                                                     puts out one heck of a      enough information to fill 17 or 18
                                                     newsletter and very         pages, how to contract or expand
                                                     much enjoys doing it—       it to 16 or 20 pages? Of
                                                     especially trying to        Newspoke, she especially enjoys
                                                     figure out the puzzles of   Patience Frederiksen’s Book
                                                     programs such as            Buzz section, in which contribu-
                                                     Photoshop. “I can           tors write brief reviews of inter-
                                                     spend hours on News-        esting books they’ve read.
                                                     poke doing unec-
                                                     cessaries—
               Elise Tomlinson
                                                     playing with
                                                     shapes,
and new content that could be             designs, layout,
added. She’s contemplating giving         arrangement,
the AkLA website a facelift.              clipart—that’s the fun
                                          of it.”

                                          She’s been producing
                                          four issues a year for
Loretta Andress is our News-              about the past ten
poke editor. I think I have met           years. It’s actually
this mystery woman once in the            more work now that
last 15 years. Otherwise we               we’ve gone digital
communicate by email. Using my            since she prepares
handy directory I finally called her      both a color copy for
on the phone the other day to             on-line and black and                                           Nov. 3/2010
interview her. Loretta was born           white for printing.
and raised in Anchorage—her                                                       Loretta Andress
father first came to Alaska in            Loretta worked at the
1938 seeking work, served in the          Alaska Methodist University                                (Cont. on pg. 4)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                                  Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 4

(President’s Letter - Cont. from pg. 3)   the most pleasant and patient         that needed to be done. It was
                                          person you’ll ever meet. For the      decided that a part-time executive
Loretta hasn’t made many                  past quarter century or so, Mary      officer was needed. Mary stepped
changes to the basic layout and           has been indispensible to our         up and was hired into the newly
format of the newsletter since she        organization.                         created position. Mary’s institu-
started working on it—added                                                     tional knowledge is huge. When-
some graphics and more photos.            When I first met her in the mid-      ever I need to know something
She’s kept a paper copy of each           90s, she was working for the          about an AkLA policy or member-
issue she’s produced. However, if         State Library in Anchorage. She       ship issue or a particular confer-
you are missing a copy, you can           got me through my first few           ence question, I ask Mary. She
access the AkLA website http://           rounds of Public Library Assis-       always knows the answer.
www.akla.org/newspoke/                    tance grants. And then she retired.   She began her career in libraries
index.html for replacements—at            As a measure of Mary’s contribu-      as a library assistant in the
least those that are in PDF               tions to AkLA, in 1999 she               children’s department of the
format. Although Loretta has                                                       Helen M. Plum Memorial
been retired from the work-                                                        Library in Lombard, Illinois
a-day world of libraries for                                                       around 1970. She arrived in
some eight years now, she                                                          Juneau in March 1974. Her
has no desire to give up                                                           first job in Alaska was as an
working on Newspoke.                                                               Interlibrary Loan Clerk at the
                                                                                   State Library.
She feels the newsletter
could be improved with the                                                         Mary has been an AkLA
help of an assistant who is                                                        member since 1974. “My first
more tuned in to the world                                                         month at the State Library, I
of the local librarianship fast                                                    was invited to the local Juneau
lane to bring in more timely                                                       Chapter meeting and given the
stories and information.                                                           job of Exhibits Co-Chair for
“With so much information                                                          the AkLA Conference. They
traveling so quickly elec-                                                         certainly didn’t waste any time
tronically, it’s somewhat                                                          in getting me involved. I’ve
difficult to maintain the                                                          spent my Alaska career work-
relevance of a document still                                                      ing for the State Library and
basically designed as a print                                                      have been Executive Officer
newsletter. Newspoke is                        Mary Jennings                      since 1999, when I retired from
really prepared more for                                                          the State Library. I was
appearance than for ‘quick                                                        Interlibrary Loan Clerk 1974-
send,’ but that’s also it’s advan-        was presented with our most           1975; Library Services for the
tage—photos, graphics...”                 distinguished award, that of          Blind and Physically Handi-
                                          honorary lifetime membership.         capped, Clerk; Library Assistant,
                                          However, instead of disappear-        Librarian 1975-1984; Film and
                                          ing from libraryland, she be-         Video Library Librarian 1984-
                                          came much more visible.               1990; Grants Administrator
Our Executive Officer is Mary
Jennings. Many of you probably                                                  1990-1999.
know Mary. She is at every one            The association was struggling with
of our conferences and is perhaps         how to accomplish all the work                            (Cont. on pg. 18)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                              Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 5


              AKLA JADE GAVEL FINDS A NEW HOME
As her last official duty as AkLA    and AkLA Secretary Joyce               the E-Council at the start of the
President at last year’s Anchorage   McCombs agreed. “Does anyone           meeting. Everyone heartily
conference, Mary Jo Joiner           have an idea?” asked David.            approved and discussion followed
approached newly-elected             Joyce responded that she knew a        about what to do with the old REI
President David Ongley and           wonderful woodworker in Delta          bag—after all, it was historic!
presented him with the beautiful     Junction who made birchwood            David came up with the idea to
jade gavel and striker used by       briefcases and perhaps he’d make       auction it off at the next AkLA
every president since 1977. What     a miniature version for the gavel.     Conference in Juneau. He was
was supposed to be a profound        David and Joyce agreed to split the    convinced conference attendees
moment filled with tradition and     cost as a donation to AkLA—after       would bid big bucks to own an
meaning turned into several          all, past president Isabelle Mudd      authentic piece of AkLA memo-
minutes of hearty laughter when      had donated the jade gavel in          rabilia, not to mention the historic
David looked at the tattered and     1977, and it certainly deserved a      stains on the orange plaid dish-
torn bright red REI zip-top bag      better container.                      towel! Everyone agreed this was
and said “THAT’S what we keep                                               a fine idea, especially since all
the gavel in?”                       Several weeks later, and just in       proceeds will support the AkLA
                                     time for Face-to-Face E-               Scholarship fund. Be sure to
 The jade gavel and striker were     Council in September in Anchor-        check out the bidding action at
tenderly wrapped in an ancient       age, Harold Stock of Stock’s           the AkLA silent auction in
orange plaid dishtowel (or possi-    Custom Cabinet Shop in Delta           Juneau; you could take home a
bly a placemat) and stored in an     Junction delivered the birchwood       beloved REI broken-zipper bag
REI bag with a broken zipper and     case, complete with fitted green       filled with history (and a rather
a rather funky odor. The bag         felt lining, brass “feet” to protect   funky odor.)
itself became the focus of the       the case, and brass handles and
event. “We have to do better         corners. Joyce brought it to the                  Joyce McCombs, Director
than this!” the president said,      meeting and David unveiled it to                  Delta Community Library



                                                                               NEW AND OLD




                                         NEW




          David Ongley
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                                Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 6

(ANCSA - Cont. from pg . 1)            to have demonstrated skills or         such instances, interpreters often
                                       practical experience in cross-         had difficulty understanding
employees had little or no prior       cultural communication before          certain words and phrases
experience performing the work         being entrusted with conducting        spoken by their elders, and
required—particularly certain          or directing oral history interviews   became "lost" (due to their
tasks that took place in remote        with Alaska Native elders. Most        comparatively limited knowledge
field locations across Alaska.         of the elders interviewed either       of the local landscape) in narra-
Worse still, many of these people      did not speak English or did not       tives that were geographically




  Cup'ig Eskimo elder Jack U. Williams, Sr. (left) and interpreter Hultman Kiokun (center)
  help Robert Drozda record place names in the interior of Nunivak Island from the summit of
  Ing'errlag (USGS Mt. Roberts), the island's highest point. View to east; July 1991 (Courtesy
  Kenneth L. Pratt).


were supervised by individuals         speak it well, and interviewers        focused on long-abandoned
who, although usually older, were      also did not speak the elders'         village and camp sites or that
similarly under-qualified and          languages. This meant the major-       simply contained an abundance
therefore not able to serve as         ity of interviews required inter-      of Native place names. This
effective mentors. I will illustrate   preters; unfortunately, in many        combination of factors resulted in
this problem with one example.         cases the only available interpret-    numerous problems affecting
There was no requirement for an        ers were several generations
employee (or his/her supervisor)       younger than the interviewees. In                          (Cont. on pg. 7)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                              Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 7

(ANCSA - Cont. from pg. 6)             content and format standards,        learned along the way. It has truly
                                       records management), and to          been an evolutionary process, a
interview quality and clarity of the   learning how to most effectively     fact that becomes readily appar-
information obtained, to name just     deal with legal and political        ent to anyone who seriously
a few concerns (cf. Drozda 1995;       objections tied to specific          delves into the records collection.
Pratt 2004). Suffice to say that,      ANCSA 14(h)(1) cases. The
to greater or lesser degrees,          learning curve in some of these      Access Limitations
ANCSA Program staff learned            areas was steep and further          Details about the number and
"best practices" for oral history      exacerbated by high annual           types of records that comprise the




      Edward W. Nelson’s (1899: Plate LXXXII) “Winter View of Razbinsky,” January 1879
      (Reprint courtesy Smithsonian Institution). Anqercaq is the correct name for this site,
      the largest Yup’ik Eskimo village on the lower Yukon River at the time of Nelson’s visit.
      Pursuant to ANCSA Section 14(h)(1), Calista Corporation applied for Anqercaq as a
      Native historical place; however, a 1982 ANCSA field investigation determined that it
      had been entirely destroyed by water erosion sometime prior to 1950.



through trial and error.               turnovers in both office and field   ANCSA 14(h)(1) Collection are
                                       staff. For all of these reasons,     provided by O'Leary, et al.
This scenario also applies to other    implementation of the ANCSA          (2009). The records are split
components of the program's            14(h)(1) Program has followed a      between two repositories (as
implementation (e.g., field meth-      very meandering path, with many
odology, site interpretation, report   mistakes made and hard lessons                           (Cont. on pg. 8)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                             Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 8

(ANCSA - Cont. from pg. 7)            is housed in a secure room, keys     Collections Room in the BIA
noted in the aforementioned issue     to which are held solely by          ANCSA Office has not yet borne
of Newspoke), but management          ANCSA staff—the two members          fruit. Existing space limitations
oversight for all of them lies with   of which are the only persons        have impacted more than just
the BIA ANCSA Office—which            authorized to provide access to      access to and use of the records
also holds the largest share of the   the collection. In other words,      by non-staff: e.g., they have also
records. The ANCSA Office is          when no one on the staff is in the   necessitated moving (as a "tem-
not a library, and records con-       office there is no access to         porary loan") one component of
tained in the ANCSA 14(h)(1)          program records. (The situation      the collection to the UAF reposi-
Collection are not available for      is the same with respect to          tory and caused overcrowding in
loan.                                 accessing ANCSA 14(h)(1)             file cabinets holding original paper
                                      records housed at the Alaska and     records (e.g., site reports, field
The potential for program records     Polar Regions Department in the      notes, oral history documents,
to include sensitive information      Archives of the Rasmuson Li-         program correspondence, and
that must be (or arguably should      brary, University of Alaska          photographs). The paper records
be) restricted from public                                                           only fit in our existing
access for legal, ethical                                                            space thanks to the
or cultural reasons is the                                                           purchase of a large,
foundation of our policy                                                             floor-to-ceiling storage
that requests for access                                                             unit comprised of five
to and use of these                                                                  revolving, two-sided
records must be evalu-                                                               cabinets. Each of the
ated on a case-by-case                                                               five cabinets has a
basis. This does not                                                                 storage capacity equiva-
mean program records                                                                 lent to 14 drawers in
are unavailable; in fact,                                                            standard vertical file
copies of certain records                                                            cabinets.
have been provided to
numerous researchers or                                                           Finally, some years ago
other interested parties.                                                         an engineering analysis of
                                 Hand-drawing of Silas Solomon's cabin            floor-load limits in the
Since program records            on his Native allotment at the Upper             (BIA-leased) building
are not available electroni-     Tanana ancestral village of                      which houses the
cally, individuals interested    Ketchumstuck; southwest view. Septem-            ANCSA Collection
in accessing them usually        ber 1984 (ANCSA 14(h)(1) Collection              forced the ANCSA
must make a personal visit       [Pencil sketch by Mark Luttrell]). This          Office to remove 12
to the ANCSA Office              image is one example of the hidden               fireproof file cabinets it
(which is located in             treasures that can be found in field notes       then owned and replace
Anchorage); and all such         produced during ANCSA 14(h)(1) site              them with lighter, non-
visits must be scheduled in      investigations.                                  fireproof cabinets. The
advance. Our present                                                              historical value and
space configuration is                                                            irreplaceable nature of
such that there is never more than Fairbanks [UAF]. There is just        these records—and their official
one work-table available for          one ANCSA staff person at that     designation as a U.S. Department
visitors to use, and sometimes        repository.) An outstanding
none. Also, the records collection request to increase the size of the                         (Cont. on pg. 9)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                             Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 9

(ANCSA - Cont. from pg. 8)           that the overall collection is       ANCSA Section 14(h)(1). Staff
                                     extremely well-organized.            work priorities are accordingly
of Interior Museum Property
Collection—requires the BIA to                                            focused on two main tasks: (1)
                                     As the preceding comments            conducting background research
ensure their long-term preserva-
                                     imply, it is not accurate to         on and field investigations of
tion, and providing maximum fire
                                     characterize the ANCSA Office        pending Section 14(h)(1) site
protection would clearly be a
                                     as an archives or research           applications; and (2) completing
positive step in that direction.
                                     center—even though it houses         the associated site reports and
However, the use of fireproof
                                     incredibly valuable, archival-       eligibility determinations. This
cabinets for records
storage will not be
possible until the
ANCSA Office is
physically relocated to
a more suitable space.

Except for the photo-
graphs, every major
component of the
ANCSA 14(h)(1)
Collection is also
represented by an
electronic database
(using Access soft-
ware). Variability in the
degrees of processing
completed for the
individual records
within given compo-
nents means that               The Native cemetery at Montana Creek contains the graves of ten
several of the data-           members of the Stephan family, including Wasilla Stephan—a
bases are either not           prominent person among the Upper Cook Inlet Dena'ina. The
complete or not up-to-         graves date from ca. 1920-1970 and are a transitional form: i.e.,
date. The databases            each is covered by a "spirit house" (reflecting traditional Dena'ina
also are not yet rela-         beliefs and burial practices) with a three-bar cross attached at its
                               foot (expressing influences of the Russian Orthodox faith). View to
tional so, although they
                               northwest; June 1980 (ANCSA 14(h)(1) Collection [Photograph by
do serve as partial
                               Linda Medlock]).
finding aids to the
collection, they are
primarily for in-house
use. The incomplete status of         type records and is also a        work is critical to moving the
these databases means that            location at which research can    ANCSA land conveyance pro-
locating specific records within the be performed. It is instead a      cess forward.
collection can be a time-consum- full-time "working office" which
ing task; but this problem is         exists to satisfy BIA's mandated
mitigated somewhat by the fact        responsibilities pursuant to                           (Cont. on pg. 10)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                            Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 10

(ANCSA - Cont. from pg. 9)           Another serious problem that           cable to every records compo-
                                     recently surfaced in this area         nent within the collection, at both
Records Processing Consider- concerns Alaska Native transcrip-              the Anchorage and Fairbanks
ations                               tions of English-language portions     repositories. The staff is now
Processing of program records is of oral history interview tapes. In        comprised of just three individu-
an ongoing task that is essential to effect, it has become apparent         als, but they have more than 80
developing the collection's histori- that some transcribers pay far less    years of combined work experi-
cal contexts, maximizing its future attention to the English contained      ence on the program. Due to
usability, and identifying any       on these tapes than they do to the     their collective familiarity with the
sensitive items it may contain. No Native-language portions. The            voices and printing/handwriting
part of the collection is more       end result is the discovery of         of many past program employ-
difficult to work with than the oral transcription errors serious           ees, the staff is frequently able to
history records, which are also      enough to require ANCSA staff          identify "unknown" individuals on
the most highly sought by re-        to perform line-by-line transcript     oral history tape recordings and
searchers and other interested       reviews while simultaneously           the authors of written records
parties. Since most oral history     listening to the subject interview     that lack specific attributions.
interviews were bilingual and less tapes. This dilemma has no easy          When particularly difficult
than half of them have been fully    solution. It is essential that the     records mysteries are encoun-
translated and transcribed, a        Native-language portions of            tered they can also contact past
significant amount of the informa- these tapes be translated and            program employees for potential
tion contained in this component     transcribed whenever such              assistance in finding the solutions.
of the ANCSA collection remains opportunities arise. It is ex-              The trio's knowledge of changes
trapped in the tape recordings.      tremely difficult to find fluent       through time in program policies,
Frankly, the prospects for obtain- Native language speakers who             field methodologies, staffing
ing full translations and transcrip- are also trained in the current        strategies, and official positions
tions of these tapes are not very    orthography of their language—         relative to site significance
hopeful (cf. Pratt 2004:149-150). not to mention interested in and          evaluations and eligibility deter-
Those which have been (or are        available to do translation and        minations is crucial to explaining
being) produced require tedious, transcription work. While it is            the context of many program
critical reviews by ANCSA            also true that correcting errors in    records. Each member of the
program staff before they can be the English-language portions of           present staff is an original collec-
considered final. The main           transcripts is a much easier           tor, active organizer, and long-
objectives of these reviews are to problem to solve, it does not            time and continuing user of the
ensure that the names of interview make the associated work any             collection. Thus, in the absence
participants are correct and that    less frustrating or tiresome.          of a comprehensive topical index
all possible site/place name                                                for the collection, institutional
correlations have been made (and Much of the processing work still          knowledge is also the most
are also accurate). The latter       to be accomplished with the            valuable tool available for locat-
point underscores the extensive,     ANCSA 14(h)(1) Collection is           ing data contained therein about
highly detailed, historical and      heavily reliant on the institutional   specific topics in Alaska Native
geographical knowledge pos-          knowledge of the program staff;        history or the history of Alaska.
sessed by ANCSA staff for some in fact, it is absolutely essential to
regions of Alaska. Such knowl-       trouble-shoot and/or explain           In closing, one major downside
edge is a consequence of years of many of the problems that crop            to the vital importance of institu-
direct work experience on the        up when working with these
ANCSA 14(h)(1) Program.              records. This remark is appli-                             (Cont. on pg. 26)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                             Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 11


                                                       RESOURCE DESCRIPTION
                                                         AND ACCESS (RDA)

                                      Along these lines, Alaska cata-      RDA Examples Groups created by
                                      logers are happy to welcome          the Joint Steering Committee for
                                      Adam Schiff , Principal Cataloger    Development of RDA to provide
                                      at the University of Washington      the examples included in the text
What's new in cataloging? Big on
                                      Libraries in Seattle, to our 2011    of RDA.
the cataloging lists these days is
discussion of Resource Descrip-
tion & Access (RDA) and its
eventual replacement of AACR2.
What is RDA? The RDAToolkit
web site (http://access.rdatoolkit
.org/) describes it as a standard
"designed for the digital world and
an expanding universe of
metadata users. RDA: Resource
Description and Access is the
new, unified cataloging stan-
dard—an evolution of the cata-
loging principles from AACR2,
with rules carried over or adapted
to the RDA model. Benefits of
RDA include:

* A structure based on the
conceptual models of FRBR
(functional requirements for
bibliographic data) and FRAD
(functional requirements for          AkLA Conference presentation         Adam will present "Changes
authority data) to help catalog       lineup.                              from AACR2 to RDA: A Com-
users find the information they
                                                                           parison of Examples" on Friday,
need more easily                      In addition to training catalogers,  February 18, 2011, 4-6 p.m.
* A flexible framework for            developing cataloging policies, and This 2-hour time slot will allow
content description of digital        serving as the NACO, SACO, and for questions at the end of his
resources that also serves the        BIBCO coordinator and a liaison to presentation. Please mark your
needs of libraries organizing         the Program for Cooperative          calendars for this important
traditional resources                 Cataloging, Adam has served as       presentation, and we’ll see you
* A better fit with emerging          chair of the American Library        in Juneau!
database technologies, enabling       Association's Cataloging Commit-
institutions to introduce efficien-   tee: Description and Access, and its
cies in data capture and storage      MARBI Committee. From 2006-                      Rose Welton, Vice-Chair
retrievals."                          2010, Adam chaired one of the two           AkLA Cataloging Roundtable
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                               Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 12




                                                                  PETERSBURG

                                                         A LIFE LIVED ON THE SEA:
                                                             THE PETERSBURG
                                                           LISTENING PROJECT




The 2008 OCLC report From           nity members from all cultures         making the interviews available
Awareness to Funding recom-         and ethnic groups to share their       online and broadcasting excerpts
mends branding libraries as         stories. By collecting a wide          on KFSK public radio. Listening
"transformational…capable of        range of stories, we found             Project excerpts were aired three
changing and enriching people's     common ground. As the Listen- times every Monday following
lives." It also cautions that you   ing Project took shape, it quickly each news broadcast. It was
can't simply take the word “trans-  became clear it was deeply             estimated that one-third of our
formational” and apply it to your   transformational                                           community
library. These deep rooted and      for participants,                                          would be tuning
personal experiences can only       in a way no                                                in at that time.
                                    other library          "Listening to the
come from unique services that
impact the individuals in your      program had            many stories of oth-                We gathered a
community on a fundamental level.   been.                  ers in our community                diverse range of
                                                           enlarges our sense                  stories ranging
                                    Some of the                                                from the
The Petersburg Listening Project    stories are told       of the whole commu-
                                                                                               soberingexperience
(listeningprojectpsg.wordpress.com) by elders about        nity sharing a com-                 of one local
was launched in the fall of 2009    Petersburg's           mon history…these                   resident from
thanks to an Interlibrary Coopera- past, but the
                                                           stories enliven and                 Cambodia who
tion Grant from the Alaska State    focus of the                                               escaped the
Library. The purpose of the
                                                           enrich our sense of
                                    Listening                                                  Khmer Rouge,
Listening Project was to collect                           community."
                                    Project is wide,                                           to the charming
stories from our community that     inviting all ages                                          tales of the Short
celebrated our rich ethnic mix that and ethnic                               Polly Lee,
                                                                            Petersburg         brothers, now in
includes Norwegians, Tlingits, and groups to                                                   their 80s, who
many newcomers from across the participate and                        Listening Project
                                                                            participant        shared their
globe. The intention of the project tell their stories.                                        experiences
was not just to preserve the        The goal was                                               growing up in
history of our town, but also to    not only to have                                           and around
express our diversity, realize the  participants listen to one another Petersburg. Petersburg’s own
connections between community       during the interview itself, but to    ‘purple librarian,’ Ruth Sandvik,
members, and promote under-         have the whole community listen told of climbing Petersburg
standing through listening to one   and appreciate the stories of our
another. We sought out commu-       residents. We achieved this by                               (Cont. on pg. 13)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                                Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 13

(Chapter News - Cont. from pg. 12)      tinue recording stories on a limited basis. Our goal is to proceed with the
                                        Listening Project as a living archive that will grow and thrive as an evolv-
Mountain at age seventy-nine            ing portrait of our community.
with her family, and doing Tai Chi                                                                    Tara Alcock,
at the top while another partici-                                                         Petersburg Public Library
pant told about being a child
during the blackouts in town right
                                                       Julie Hursey
after Pearl Harbor, when they all
expected the Japanese planes to
appear at any minute to strafe the
town.

Participation was slow at first. We
encountered people’s fears of be-
ing recorded and heard on the ra-
dio. While some leapt at the op-
portunity, many first waited and lis-
tened to the stories on the radio.
After they’d heard their friends and
neighbors, they gathered the cour-
age to come forward. Interest in the
project quickly gained momentum,
thanks to our weekly marketing ef-
forts and word of mouth. We soon
found ourselves with a long list of
willing participants. By August
2010, 88 people had participated
either as interviewer or interviewee.

We have been overwhelmed with
the success of the Listening Project
and its impact on the community. It
is, with little doubt, a truly trans-
formational experience not only for
participants but for a broad cross-
section of the community that have
heard excerpts on the radio. Ac-
cording to one participant “it dis-
plays the diversity of Peters-
burg…[and] increases respect for
others.” The Listening Project has
also significantly raised the profile
of the library in the community.
With the staff expertise and frame-
work in place, the library will con-                                                                 (Cont. on pg. 14)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                     Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 14

(Chapter News - Cont. from pg. 13)



            MOUNTAIN VIEW LIBRARY GRAND OPENING,
                     SEPTEMBER 25, 2010



                                                      Dignitaries and local kids
                                                      cut the ribbon to open the
                                                      new library to the public.



                                                                Paul Younger




                                                               Glenn Howson
        Guests try out the library’s new computers.




                                                                      Clare Stockert
                                                                   Anchorage Public
                                                                            Library
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                             Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 15



                                          BOOK BUZZ
                              COMPILED BY PATIENCE FREDERIKSEN

Agate, by Joy Morgan Dey,             again, first watch The Last           yen to do some comparative
illustrated by Nikki Johnson,         Station starring Christopher          spirituality, check this out.
2007. This fantastic children’s       Plummer and Helen Mirren.             Confucius from the Heart is an
picture book answers the ques-        That’s what prompted me to            accessible, plain English explana-
tion: “What good is a                 reread Anna Karenina, and I am        tion of life guidance that is taken
moose?” with text                     so glad I did. A summary of this      seriously by most of China’s
                                      novel usually hangs the adultery      billion plus population. And it has
                                      tag on it but, it’s really so much    great one-liners, too. (Daniel
                                      more—beautiful narrative, psy-        Cornwall, Alaska State Library)
                                      chologically complex characters,
                                      social change…and it’s great to
                                      have a deep reading experience
                                      with a good old-fashioned hefty
                                      book to counteract the shortened
and                                   digital reading life one is usually   Counter Culture: The American
simple                                involved in. (Karen Keller, Anchor-   Coffee Shop Waitress, by
paintings in                          age Public Library)                   Candacy A. Taylor, 2009, is a
bright colors. I                                                            book of interviews with
especially liked it because the
moose did NOT have the long
cow/lion looking tail that many
artists put on their moose cre-       Confucius from the Heart, by
ations (showing that they have not    Dan Yu and Esther Tyldesley,
done their research into what a       2009. If you’re interested in how
moose really looks like). Through     a philosophy can be embraced by
the rhyming words, one learns a                         emperors and
variety of gems, feeling, and self-                      commissars
worth. A great book for ALL                                alike, this
ages! I’m giving a copy to my                               book is for
granddaughters for Christmas.                                you. If you    waitresses who have spent their
(Terri Burdick, Soldotna Public                                    have a   lives working in coffee shops or
Library)                                                                    diners. These women walk be-
                                                                            tween 8 to 10 miles a shift, love
                                                                            people, and love what they do.
                                                                            They have their “regulars” who tip
                                                                            them well. This is a fun and fascinat-
Anna Karenina, by Leo                                                       ing book to read. (Ellen Borders,
Tolstoy, 1877. Get back to a                                                Haines Borough Public Library)
classic, give it a try. If you need
some inspiration to try Tolstoy                                                                   (Cont. on pg. 16)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                             Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 16

(Book Buzz - Cont. from pg. 15)       on a pirate ship called the Scurvy    Service, keep the story moving
                                      Mistress? Sea battles, treasure,      along. Their paths collide when
                                      and mutinies fill the pages of this   the Darwinist airship crash lands
                                      newest entry into the pirate          in Switzerland. (Jacque Petersen,
                                      adventure genre. Fish is a charac-    Alaska State Library)
Eye of the Red Tsar, by Sam           ter who will appeal equally to
Eastland, 2010. Fascinated by         boys and girls looking for an
                                      adventurous tale. (Jacque Petersen,
                                      Alaska State Library)


                                                                            Sex at Dawn: The Prehistoric
                                                                            Origins of Modern Sexuality, by
                                                                            Christopher Ryan and Cacilda
                                      Leviathan, by Scott                   Jethá, 2010. Everything we think
                                      Westerfeld, 2009. YA-Grade 7          we know about “natural” sexuality
Russia? Intrigued by the fate of      and up. A steampunk adventure         is wrong, say the authors. Their
the Romanovs? Enjoy mysteries?        that re-imagines the era right        thesis is that monogamy is not
If you answered yes to these          before and during World War I.        humanity’s “natural” state: we
questions, then you will enjoy this                                         evolved in small, fiercely egalitar-
book which traces the personal                                              ian tribal units where property and
history of Pekkala, the Finnish                                             paternity were not concerns.
spy for the last tsar who must
decide whether to become a spy
for Stalin, the Red Tsar. A very
fast read. Now if only I could
figure out who the author is
actually, I would be tempted to
read his other books. (Patience
Frederiksen, Alaska State Library)    Sounds like something you
                                      wouldn’t be interested in, nor
                                      would your middle school or high
                                      school students…but think again.
                                      Conflicts escalate between the
Fish, by Gregory Mone, 2010.          Clankers—those who put their
YA Ages 9-12. How does an             faith in machines and the Darwin-
impoverished boy from an Irish        ists—those who put their faith in     In such groups, people enjoyed
family farm end up as a swab boy      the natural world and the devel-      multiple sex partners as a way
                                      opment of new species. As the         (unconsciously, I’m guessing) of
                                       two sides head towards war,          solidifying community ties. The
                                      Prince Aleksandar Ferdinand, a        authors confess they don’t know
                                      Clanker and the son of the            what we *do* with this knowl-
                                      recently assassinated Archduke        edge. Nor do I. (Paul Adasiak,
                                      Franz Ferdinand and his wife, and     Elmer E. Rasmuson Library)
                                      Deryn Sharp, a young woman
                                      disguised as a boy as she trains to
                                      be an airman with the British Air                             (Cont. on pg. 17)
 NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                                 Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 17

(Book Buzz - Cont. from pg. 16)          must be attributed to Dr.              series of stories about the author’s
                                         Genova’s background. Like most         lifetime in Alaska. It’s nothing like
                                         of us, I read a lot, but I’ll remem-   the usual touristy recitations or
                                         ber this book and Alice.               “claim to fame” tales. They are
                                         (Kathleen Wiechelman, Ketchikan        authentic, introspective stories told
Still Alice: A Novel, by Lisa            Campus Library)
                                                                                by someone who really appreci-
Genova, 2009. I recently finished                                               ates Alaska and has given much
reading Still Alice, a book written                                             thought to what makes life here so
by a woman with a Ph.D. in                                                      valuable. -Ed.
neuroscience from Harvard
University. It’s about a woman,
Alice Howland, a cognitive               Zeitoun, by Dave Eggers, 2009.
psychology professor at Harvard          This is a simple narrative of a
and a world-renowned expert in           Syrian immigrant who decides to        “I spent many weekends in a
linguistics. She’s married with          stay in New Orleans during and         trance. I would let a dry fly drift with
three grown children, has a highly       after Hurricane Katrina to watch       the current past riffles, over the
fulfilling professional life, she’s in   over his business and house and of     swelling watery curve of a sub-
shape, and she’s only 50. How-           his American wife who leaves the       merged log, onto the surface of a
ever, her entire life begins to fall                                            pool. The feathery imitation of a
apart when, after jogging the                                                   mosquito would disappear into the
same route for years through                                                    water when a fish struck, with a
                                                                                sound like a skipping stone thrown
                                                                                off angle. Bluuop. That sound was




                                         city with their children in an
                                         Odyssey minivan. Zeitoun paddles
                                         around the city and helps people
                                         and dogs in the days after the
                                         hurricane. His humanity shines
Cambridge, she can’t remember            through an inhumane episode in
how to get home. Her other               American history. This is a great
symptoms are those shared by all         book. (Patience Frederiksen,
of us over a certain age: forgotten      Alaska State Library)
words, forgotten names, and
forgotten appointments. Alice
Howland’s diagnosis of early                                                    followed by a small fury, the leader
onset Alzheimer’s disease encom-                                                slicing back and forth through the
passes a story that’s hard to read       The Hard Way Home: Alaska              water, the tip of the pole nodding
and hard to put down. While the          Stories of Adventure, Friend-          its approval, glimpses of color flash-
subject is difficult, the book is        ship, and the Hunt, Steve              ing ever slower until a rainbow
written with a sensitivity which         Kahn, 2010. The book contains a        eased into my waiting hand.”
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                                  Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 18

(President’s Letter - Cont. from pg. 4)   the bylaws, the Strategic plan,        the online registration form for the
                                          Legislative Priorities, and other      AkLA Conference. And I edit,
                                          working documents.                     produce, and distribute the annual
“I was AkLA President Elect/                                                     Alaska Library Directory.
President / Past President in             “I maintain the membership
1984/85/86. I have been Chap-             database and work closely with         “What do I like least about the
ter Secretary and President in            the Treasurer by sending out           job? Bulk mail! Although it saves
both Juneau and Anchorage. I              renewal notices, invoices and          the Association a ton of money
have been Conference Chair,               confirmations. I update our Reg        when mailing out the Directory
Local Arrangements Chair,                 Online membership database,            and doing other necessary mail-
Exhibits Chair too many times to          review membership records, and         ings—the sorting, counting,
remember.                                 provide assistance to members if       arranging the trays/bags and
                                          problems occur.                        especially filling out the Post
“I was interim Treasurer twice. I                                                Office form properly is bother-
have been Publicity Chair, Mem-           “I work with the Secretary to put      some work. I love the fact that
bership Chair, Special Libraries          together the Annual Election ballot    AkLA now does almost all its
Roundtable Rep., Media                    and upload it to SurveyMonkey          member contact electronically.
Roundtable Rep. (now disbanded).          for electronic voting. I also de-
                                          velop the ballot if there is a bylaw   “What I most like about the job is
“In the 35 years I’ve been a              change. I provide mailing labels to    that it allows me to keep in touch
member, I think I have been on E-         the Secretary for members who          with old friends and make new
Council at least 25 of those years.       wish to have printed ballots.          ones in the library world.”

“As Executive Officer I provide           “I provide mailing labels to the
information and assistance to the         Newspoke editor for members
E-Council, answer questions on            who want a print copy of the
the way the organization works,           newsletter. I provide membership
who does what, and provide                                                       I would like to thank Elise,
                                          contact information to Officers,
background and history on issues                                                 Loretta and Mary for all of their
                                          Committee and Roundtable
when asked. I maintain the                                                       years of service and quiet good
                                          chairs. I work with the Confer-
Handbook of Procedures and                                                       work. AkLA is richer and more
                                          ence Coordinator and the Regis-
Policies, keep current copies of                                                 vibrant because of them.
                                          tration Chairperson on developing




                   DEMAND MEDIA: BUILDING THE WEB’S BIGGEST,
                      SMARTEST, SCARIEST ARTICLE MACHINE
l. An algorithm uses online-traffic       approved freelancers.                  on one of Demand’s sites, which
and advertiser data to select key-        4. A writer researches and             receive more hits than any of the
words that will be profitable topics.     writes the article...                  digital properties of Disney, NBC,
2. An editor assembles these              5. Software checks for plagiarism.     ESPN or, yes, Time, Inc.
keywords into a headline.                 6. A copy editor proofreads
3. An editor specifies the                and fact-checks.                       For complete article, Time Magazine,
article’s length...and submits it to      7. The system posts the article        March 22, 2010, pg. 61.
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                          Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 19


                   ALASKA PATENT AND TRADEMARK
                    DEPOSITORY LIBRARY (APTDL)
Alaska Patent and Trademark          Patent and Trademark Informa-        The following publications are
Depository Library (APTDL) is        tion. This was presented by          available for free from the Mather
now located at the Keith B.          representatives of the US. Patent    Library to assist you with patent
Mather Library at the Geophysi-      and Trademark Depository ,           questions:
cal Institute in Fairbanks. It was   Tom Turner and Dr. Michael
designated as an official Patent     Hydorn. Forty-two people were        * Basic Facts about Trademarks
and Trademark Depository             in attendance.                       * General Information Concern-
Library in April 2010 by the                                              ing Patents
United States Department of          General information concerning       * Guide for the Preparation of
Commerce, Patent and Trade-          specialized patent reference         Patent Drawings
mark Office. The Mather Library      services is available Tuesdays       * Guide to Filing a Design Patent
will receive and house copies of     and Thursdays or by appoint-         Application
United States patents and trade-     ment. Requests for information       * Guide to Filing a Utility Patent
mark materials and make                                                           Application
them readily available to
the public. The library will                                                      Here are some key
also actively disseminate                                                         internet resources for
patent and trademark                                                              additional information:
information and respond to                                                        * U.S. Patent and
reference questions.                                                              Trademark Office (http://
                                                                                  www.uspto.gov)
The library cannot provide                                                        * U.S. Patent and
legal advice. The United                                                          Trademark Depository
States Patent and Trade-                                                          Library (http://
mark Office recommends                                                            www.uspto.gov/products/
that inventors contact a                                                          library/)
patent or trademark                                                               * Alaska Patent and
attorney for legal advice                                                         Trademark Depository
before submitting a patent                                                        Library at the Keith B.
or trademark application.                                                         Mather Library
A list of registered patent or                                                    * Geophysical Institute,
trademark attorneys and agents in    may be made by telephone, fax,       UAF (http://www.gi.alaska.edu/
Alaska and other states is avail-    e-mail, or in person. It is advis-   services/library/patents.html)
able from the Patent and Trade-      able to call for an appointment            * Google Patents (http://
mark Depository Library.             before coming to the library for     www.google.com/patents)
                                     patent or trademark special
The Grand Opening for the            services.                            Additional sources are available
Alaska (APDTL) was held at the                                            only at the Mather Library.
. Mather Library, September 25,      Telephone: 907-474-2636
                                                                                             Julia Triplehorn
2010. The celebration included       Fax: 907-474-6846                                Keith B. Mather Library
an all-day workshop, Researching     E-mail: patents@gi.alaska.edu                                 Fairbanks
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION   Oct. - Dec. 2010    pg. 20




                                                  (Cont. on pg. 21)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                                Oct. - Dec. 2010        pg. 21

(Letters About Literature - Cont. from pg. 20)


                       ALASKAN ANNA WICHOREK
                   RECIEVES NATIONAL READING PRIZE

Last year’s high school winner of the Center for the Book “Letters About Literature” con-
test went on to win the national award and $10,000 for Mountain View Elementary School
library. Her letter to Velma Wallis about “Two Old Women” is profoundly moving..

West Anchorage High School               requires them to write a letter to a   Wichorek felt better able to relate
student Anna Wichorek has won            favorite author, living or dead, and   to her own Native grandfather.
the Center for the Book “Letters         explain how a book he or she           Wichorek volunteers at the
About Literature” contest spon-          wrote changed the student’s “way       Mountain View school library and
sored by the Library of Congress.        of looking at the world.”              has chosen that location to
                                                                                receive the prize money. Her
The prize of $10,000 is given to         Wichorek wrote her letter to           winning entry is reprinted here.
a library chosen by the winner.          author Velma Wallis about her
                                         story “Two Old Women.”                 State winners each received a
Some 70,000 students in grades           After reading the book about           $100 cash prize and a $50 Target
4-12 entered the contest, which          elders in an Athabascan village,       gift card.




Dear Velma Wallis,

Last year, my 84-year-old grandfather moved in with our family. Along with my grandfather came a wheel-
chair, a walker, a box full of medicine, and a long list of emergency phone numbers. My grandfather had just
spent the last four months struggling for his life in a hospital room, and the effects of pneumonia, heart failure,
and septic shock had transformed him into a person I barely recognized. As he entered our home, I stood
back and watched his heroic efforts to take a small step and I listened to his humble attempts to utter a
simple word. I was overwhelmed with sorrow and hopelessness.

Over the next few weeks, I watched and waited for improvement. I saw none. Instead, I saw my grand-
father unable to shower, shave, or dress himself without help from my father or uncles. I saw my grandfather
unable to remember what he had eaten, unable to remember my name, and unable to remember when to
take his medicines. I kept looking for the grandfather I had once known, but found only a weak, fragile, and
confused person. Somewhere between all his therapy appointments and trips to the emergency room, I gave
up hope my grandfather would ever return to me. Gradually, it became much easier for me to isolate myself,
to totally immerse myself in homework or flute practice rather than face my grandfather.

                                                                                                   (Cont. on pg. 22)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                                Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 22

(Letters About Literature - Cont. from pg. 21)


But then I read “Two Old Women,” and in Ch’idzigyaak and Sa’ I found the hope and the strength I needed
to look at my grandfather and help him make his journey. As I discovered Ch’idzigyaak’s and Sa’s perse-
verance and determination to survive, I began to regain a sense of hope and possibility when I watched my
grandfather’s efforts that I had once considered pointless. I began to respect and admire his determination
to remove his own socks at night, to take small steps on his own, to dress himself. I understood that my
grandfather, like Ch’idzigyaak and Sa’, wanted to hold his “chin up proudly” just as they had held theirs up
when they were abandoned by their tribe and were struggling for survival.

As I read “Two Old Women,” I realized that, like the tribe that had abandoned Ch’idzigyaak and Sa’
because they had only seen “two weak old women,” I had only seen a weak old man and had abandoned
my grandfather. With this realization, I then began to look at my grandfather differently and I began to
understand life from his perspective. I felt his humiliation, his frustration, and his wounded pride. When
Ch’idzigyaak and Sa’ made the decision, “Let us die trying,” I understood why my grandfather would rather
take ten minutes to walk down a hallway than be pushed          in a wheelchair. Instead of seeing a stubborn old
man when I looked at my grandfather, I saw re-                     silience, determination, and courage.

As I got to know Ch’idzigyaak and                                    Sa’, I began to wonder if my grandfather,
like Ch’idzigyaak and Sa’, felt as                                    though he were “condemned to die” and
everyone had given up on him. But,                                      Sa’ and Ch’idzigyaak had given me
courage to conquer my fears and now,                                      instead of avoiding my grandfather, I
began to spend more time with him. In-                                      stead of practicing flute with a closed
bedroom door, I played music for him to                                       enjoy and watched him smile as his
body and mind found relaxation. Instead                                        of reading alone in my bedroom, I
began to sit next to my grandfather and read                                   his favorite books to him. I learned
to listen long enough to let him speak and I                           listened long enough to hear stories of his
childhood and see him gain strength from those                  memories. I was no longer afraid of his suffering
and I learned to touch him again, to hug him,           and to soothe his loneliness and fear. I also learned to
accept his limitations and love him regardless of those limitations.

Thank you, Ms. Wallis, for writing “Two Old Women” and sharing the legend of Ch’idzigyaak and Sa’ with
me because without those two incredibly strong women, I would still be inside the walls of my own world
trying to escape the suffering of my grandfather. Instead, with these two women, I have been able to face
my own fears, make my own journey, and discover in my grandfather a person of incredible resilience and
inner strength.

Anna Wichorek
11th Grade
Individual Entry
Anchorage, Alaska                                                                                  Barbara Brown
                                                                                                  Project Manager,
                                                                                                   Best Beginnings


                                                                                                  (Cont. on pg. 23)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION              Oct. - Dec. 2010    pg. 23

(Letters About Literature - Cont. from pg. 22)




                                                             (Cont. on pg. 24)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION              Oct. - Dec. 2010   pg. 24

(Letters About Literature - Cont. from pg. 23)
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                                Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 25




       Library Resources from the Library at The University of Texas at San Antonio
                         http://lib.utsa.edu/News/Exhibits/2006/cards.html




  Why Benjamin Franklin Was So Much Better Than You
                 http://www.zencollegelife.com/the-history-of-libraries-through-the-ages/


Now there are a million different        you that makes him so great and       decide to live a proactive life,
things that made Benjamin Franklin       you so not? Benjamin Franklin led     rather than reacting to circum-
better than you. Some may cite his       a purpose driven life. You may        stance as you and I so often do.
signature on the Declaration of          have purpose, and it may even         Benjamin Franklin knew exactly
Independence. Others may recall his      drive you at times, but chances       who and what he wanted to be,
face on the $100.00 bill. Still others   are you are not yet leading a         and he set out each day to move
will remind you of his crazy kite and    purpose driven life. I know I’m       closer to that person.
key electricity experiment. But these    not. Let me explain.
aren’t what made him better than                                               Here are the famous 13 key
you. No, these are a result of the key   At age 20 Franklin instituted for     values that Benjamin Franklin
characteristics that made Benjamin       himself 13 very specific key          used as a guide to become his
Franklin better than you.                values, which he would go on to       idea of a great man:
                                         master in order to become the         http://www.zencollegelife.com/
So what is it? What was the key          man that he did become. What he       why-benjamin-franklin-was-so-
difference between Benjamin and          did by mastering these values is to   much-better-than-you/
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                           Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 26

(ANCSA - Cont. from pg. 10)         Phyllis Morrow and William           Pratt, Kenneth L.
                                    Schneider, pp. 98-122. Utah          2004 Observations on Research-
tional knowledge relative to the    State University Press: Logan.       ing and Managing Alaska Native
ongoing processing of the                                                Oral History: A Case Study.
ANCSA 14(h)(1) Collection is        Nelson, Edward W.                    Alaska Journal of Anthropology
that no one lives (or works)        1899 The Eskimo about Bering         2(1-2):138-153.
forever. All three of us are        Strait. Bureau of American
                                    Ethnology, Annual Report for         2009a Chasing the Dark: Perspec-
moving nearer to the retirement
                                    1896-97. Volume 18, Part 1.          tives on Place, History and Alaska
stages of our careers, and we are
                                    Government Printing Office,          Native Land Claims, edited by
growing increasingly concerned
                                    Washington, D.C. (Reprinted by       Kenneth L. Pratt. Shadowlands,
that no young successors have
                                    the Smithsonian Institution Press,   Vol. 1, US Bureau of Indian Affairs,
yet appeared to learn about and
                                    Washington, D.C., 1983. Intro-       ANCSA Office, Anchorage.
carry on this important work.
                                    duction by William Fitzhhugh.)       2009b A History of the ANCSA
References Cited:                                                        14(h)(1) Program and Significant
                                    O'Leary, Matthew B., Robert M.       Reckoning Points, 1975-2008.
Drozda, Robert M.                   Drozda, and Kenneth L. Pratt         In, Chasing the Dark: Perspec-
1994 "They Talked of the Land       2009 ANCSA Section 14(h)(1)          tives on Place, History and
with Respect": Interethnic Com-     Records. In, Chasing the Dark:       Alaska Native Land Claims,
munication in the Documentation     Perspectives on Place, History       edited by Kenneth L. Pratt, pp.
of Historical Places and Cemetery   and Alaska Native Land Claims,       3-43. Shadowlands, Vol. 1, US
Sites. In, When Our Words           edited by Kenneth L. Pratt, pp.      Bureau of Indian Affairs, ANCSA
Return: Writing, Hearing, and       452-457. Shadowlands, Vol. 1,        Office, Anchorage.
Remembering Oral Traditions of      US Bureau of Indian Affairs,
Alaska and the Yukon, edited by     ANCSA Office, Anchorage.




     AMAZON CRITICIZED FOR SELLING ADVICE BOOK
               excerpted from: http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/technology/2010/11/amazon

“Online retail giant                            based retailer for       share in the revenue.
Amazon.com came                                 offering it for sale.
under a storm of                                The controversy          The guidebook, described by its
electronic protest for                          raises the question of   author as an “attempt to make
selling a self-pub-                             whether Amazon has       situations safer. . . by establishing
lished electronic                               any set procedures       certain rules . . .” is available for the
book.                                           for vetting books to     Amazon Kindle reader. The book
                                                be sold in its online    has attracted almost 800 reviews
The title—published                             stores.                  on its Amazon page, with 760
Oct. 28 by Phillip R.                                                    giving it the lowest possible ranking
Greaves—has been                                Amazon allows            of one star. Many reviewers
flooded with angry criticism        writers to publish their own         threatened to boycott the company
mostly aimed at the Seattle-        works in its online stores and       unless the book is removed.”
NEWSPOKE–ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION                                             Oct. - Dec. 2010 pg. 27




                  General guidelines to publication in Newspoke,
                     Alaska Library Association newsletter:

Not accepted: paid advertising;       related to libraries and librarian-   of, and pre-approve, any signifi-
material intended to “sell; make a    ship, especially in regard to         cant changes before the material
profit” rather than to “inform.”      Alaska.                               is published in Newspoke.)
Submissions viewed as advertise-
ments, unless item is of particular   Most anything submitted by            Other–determined on an indi-
interest to Alaska, Alaskan           AkLA members–reasonably               vidual basis by “the committee”
patrons and/or libraries, or is       “tasteful and well-written,” of an    (defined as a group of at least
submitted by an AkLA member.          appropriate length (much leeway       three people, composed of
                                      here); author is willing to submit    AkLA members). If the
Accepted: Alaskana–books,             to possible editorial changes,        Newspoke editor or the indi-
book reviews, or articles relat-      which may include length, spell-      vidual submitting has questions or
ing to, or of interest to,            ings, downsizing of convoluted        concerns about any submission,
Alaskan librarians and/or their       sentences. . . (Editor will make      the matter will be sent on to the
patrons. Informative material         every effort to let the author know   Newspoke Committee.
ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION
                                                                                    NONPROFIT ORG
PO Box 81084                                                                        US POSTAGE PAID
Fairbanks, AK 99708                                                                 ANCHORAGE, AK
                                                                                     PERMIT NO. 244




ALASKA LIBRARY ASSOCIATION
President                             David Ongley                    david.ongley@tuzzy.org
President-Elect                       Michael Robinson                afmcr@uaa.alaska.edu
Past-President                        Mary Jo Joiner                  mjoiner@ci.kenai.ak.us
Secretary                             Joyce McCombs                   deltalibrary@wildak.net
Treasurer                             Patricia Linville               plinville@cityofseward.net
Conference Coordinator                M. J. Grande                    mjgrande@juneau.lib.ak.us
ALA Representative                    Sue Sherif                      sue.sherif@alaska.gov
PNLA Representative                   Sue Sherif                      sue.sherif@alaska.gov
Publications                          * Alaska Library Directory
                                      * Newspoke, Loretta Andress     aflma@gci.net
Executive Officer                     Mary Jennings                   maryj@gci.net
E-list                                                                aklalist@akla.org
Website                                                               http://www.akla.org




CALENDAR
American Library Association Midwinter Meeting, San Diego, CA          Jan. 7-11, 2011
AkLA Conference, Juneau, AK                                            Feb. 17-20, 2011
Alaska Native Libraries, Archives and Museums Summit, Anchorage, AK    April 28-30
Pacific NW Library Assn., Annual Conf., Spokane, WA                   Aug. 3-5, 2011
American Assn. School Librarians Natl. Conf., Minneapolis, MN         Oct. 26-30, 2011
American Library Association Midwinter Meeting, Dallas, TX            Jan. 20- 24, 2012

				
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