VIEWS: 11 PAGES: 1 POSTED ON: 2/12/2011
Timeline for the Ghost Dance Religion and Associated Events Year date/season Paiute Sioux c1860 Wovoka born; Fort Churchill established; Smohalla begins preaching 1865-1880s Indian Wars 1868 Ft. Laramie Treaty, Great Sioux reservation 1869 Wodziwob’s vision, 1st Ghost Dance 1870 1st Ghost Dance spreads west 1872 Wodziwob repudiates his vision 1880 Wovoka travels, hears of Smohalla religion 1882 Nick Black Elk’s vision 1886 Black Elk travels with Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show 1888 Wovoka returns, earthquakes in Paiute territory 1889 Jan 1 Wovoka’s vision during solar eclipse, 2nd Ghost Dance Spring 2nd Ghost Dance spreads east Fall Black Elk returns, resumes healing practice 1890 Spring Kicking Bear intro. Ghost Dance, ghost shirts May 29 letter warning of “Sioux rebellion” Nov 20 U.S. Army occupies Sioux territory Dec 15 Sitting Bull arrested, killed Dec 28 Big Foot (leader) & Yellow Bird (medicine man)camp at Wounded Knee Dec 29 Black Coyote resists, Wounded Knee massacre 1891 Jan 15 Kicking Bear last to surrender, released to Buffalo Bill c1891 Ghost Dance intro to Dakota Sioux in Canada 1892 Jan 1 James Mooney visits Wovoka c1895 Ghost Dance combined with Dakota Medicine Feast 1896 Mooney published Ghost-Dance Religion 1902 Fred Robinson learns Ghost Dance from Kicking Bear, est. New Tidings 1904 Black Elk converts to Catholicism, becomes catechist 1932 Wovoka dies Black Elk Speaks published by John Neihardt
"Ghost Dance Timeline"