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					                  2003 Annual Report




  Clusters
                 Connections




Collaborations

                    Creativity


                    College of Engineering
                                                                                                           Kiewit Center
                                                                                             Multi-Scale   for Infrastructure
                                                                                             Materials &   & Transportation
                                                                        Large-Scale          Devices
                                                                        Energy Systems



                                                                    2



                                                                                  Biological &
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                                 Environmental
                                                                                       Systems             Information
                                                                                                              Usability




                                                                                         Integrated
                                                                                         Electronic
                                                                                         Systems
People. Ideas. Innovation.
                                                                    The Creative Power of Collaboration
                                                                                                                W
                                                                                                                                                      • Put professors and students
                                                                           Dean Ron Adams talks with OSU                  hen I was an engineer-
                                                                                                                                                        from industrial, chemical,
                                                                    Engineering graduate students, from left,
                                                                                                                          ing student, departmen-
                                                                                                                                                        mechanical, and bioengineer-
                                                                                                                          tal boundaries were
                                                                            Bertrand Dano, Rebecca Cullion,                                             ing on the same team, toss in a
             2                                                                                                  thick and tall and well-defined.
                                                                                                                                                        national lab, and you give
                                                                          Dana Zotolla, and Isabella Gallino.   Mechanical engineering students
                                                                                                                                                        birth to a brand new technol-
                                                                              Opposite page: Bertrand Dano,
                                                                                                                didn’t associate much with the
                                                                                                                                                        ogy poised to transform the
                                                                                                                students over in chemical engi-
                                                                          Dean Adams, and Rebecca Cullion.                                              economic landscape of the
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                                                                neering. The heavy tech folks
                                                                                                                                                        Pacific Northwest by creating
                                                                                                                (civil) were on a completely
                                                                                                                                                        jobs and new companies (see
                                                                                                                different planet from the high
                                                                                                                                                        p. 20).
                                                                                                                tech folks (electrical).
                                                                                                                Environmental and bioengineer-        • Team computer scientists with
                                                                                                                ing were in their infancy, and          civil engineers and you build
                                                                                                                collaborating with industry was         the largest and most-wired
                                                                                                                almost unheard of.                      tsunami wave basin in the
                                                                                                                                                        world here at Oregon State (see
                                                                                                                But here at Oregon State
                                                                                                                                                        p. 25).
                                                                                                                Engineering, we’re breaking down
                                                                                                                those traditional boundaries          • Bring environmental, chemi-
                                                                                                                because we’ve learned that              cal, and bioengineers together
                                                                                                                collaboration creates synergy,          with plant pathologists and
                                                                                                                excitement, and creativity. And all     botanists, and you get
                                                                                                                of that leads to important new          microbes that clean up toxic
                                                                                                                discoveries:                            waste and natural coatings for
                                                                                                                                                        medical implants that save
                                                                                                                                                        lives (see p. 16).
• Turn chemists and electrical        We’ve coined a new term for our          Of course, lots of other innovative
  engineers loose in a lab and        teams of faculty, students, and          research and learning is happen-
  you invent the world’s first        industry partners who are pooling        ing here at the College as we
  transparent electronics (see        resources and expertise in order to      continue to build one of the
                                                                                                                                  3
  p. 23).                             solve the world’s problems more          nation’s top 25 engineering
                                      quickly. We call them “research          programs. And we will define new
The list goes on. And the results
                                      clusters,” and you’ll notice that this   research clusters as time goes
are the product of unprecedented
                                      Annual Report is organized not by        on—as the extraordinary people




                                                                                                                     College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
levels of collaboration here at the
                                      traditional departmental accom-          who are OSU Engineering con-
College that span disciplines,
                                      plishments, but around our six           tinue to collaborate with our
departments, and even universi-
                                      major research clusters to date:         partners on this journey of
ties (Oregon’s gridiron archrival
                                                                               discovery and learning, which
Ducks and Beavers are working         • Information Usability
                                                                               ultimately creates a better world
together in research labs!).
                                      • Large-Scale Energy Systems             for everyone.
Collaborative business ventures
                                      • Integrated Electronic Systems          Together, we’re greater than the
are also the latest industry trend,
                                                                               sum of our parts. Together, we’ll
so our work-ready graduates will      • Biological & Environmental
                                                                               go farther.
be even better prepared to excel        Systems
in the team-based environments
                                      • Multi-Scale Materials &
of the business world. Especially
                                        Devices (MMD)
because we continue to enhance
our curriculum with what we call      • Kiewit Center for Infrastructure
Learning Innovations—some so            & Transportation                           Ron Adams
                                                                                   Dean of Engineering
unique that we’re marketing them
to other top engineering schools
(see p. 30).
                                                                    Information Usability
                                                                                  T      hanks to computers and
                                                                                         software, the world today is
                                                                                         awash in oceans of informa-
                                                                                  tion—seas of tiny ones and zeroes
                                                                                  that bulge databanks by the giga-
                                                                                  byte. So much information that a
                                                                                  simple internet search turns up so
                                                                                  many websites that the user sits
                                                                                  baffled as to which one to click first.
                                                                                  Scientists and engineers, armed with
                                                                                  super-quick technology, can now
                                                                                  collect—in a matter of minutes—
                                                                                  data that a few years ago would have
                                                                                  taken years to amass.
             4                                                                    So how do we make this staggering
                                                                                  amount of information both easily
                                                                                  accessible and usable?
                                                                                  That is a daunting challenge for
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                                  computer scientists the world over.
                                                                                  But the people in OSU’s Information
                                                                                  Usability research cluster are
                                                                                  helping humanity get a handle on all
                                                                                  those little ones and zeroes.
                                                                                  Computer science faculty Cherri
                                                                                  Pancake, Jon Herlocker, and Ron
                                                                                  Metoyer are doing this by analyzing
                                                                                  the computer habits of millions of
                        College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                                  users, then building software that
                                                                                  draws on this collective history to
                                                                                  help future users find and use the
                                                                                  information they’re after. Their work
                                                                                  is impacting everything from the
                                                                                  spread of SARS and e-commerce to
                                                                                  libraries and lichens.
                                                    Information usability is a critical issue for
Turning Data                                            everything from images in the world’s
into Usable                                              largest publicly accessible biological

Information                                              database (the Protein Data Bank) to
                                                       lichens used for air-quality monitoring.


Cherri Pancake:
Connecting the Dots
During the recent SARS outbreak,              “Often all the key information is
better information usability could            available. But since it’s located in
have helped researchers analyze               totally different agencies and not
the spread of the disease to more             connected in any obvious ways,
quickly identify its source, the              scientists and physicians can’t
civet cat. Researchers at OSU’s               link up the critical pieces,”
Northwest Alliance for                        Pancake says. “We’re developing
Computational Science &                       cyber-linkages to make this
Engineering (NACSE), led by                   information obvious, as soon as
professor Cherri Pancake , are                the user asks a related question.”
working with the people at the                                                                                   5
                                              Pancake’s information usability
Protein Data Bank—the world’s
                                              research was key in the National
largest publicly accessible biolog-
                                              Science Foundation’s (NSF)
ical database—to make their
                                              selection of OSU as the site for
information more accessible and




                                                                                                    College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
                                              the world’s largest tsunami
usable and to integrate it with
                                              research facility (see p. 25). Her
worldwide data repositories such
                                              group’s work is also helping
as the Atlanta-based Centers for
                                              government agencies like the
Disease Control, that track the
                                              USDA Forest Service base their
spread of diseases. So next time,
                                              resource management decisions
we’ll find solutions faster.
                                              on scientific data—such as using
                                              lichens as “living sensors” to
Information Innovators: Computer              monitor air quality.
Science faculty members Cherri Pancake,       Pancake was recently appointed
Ron Metoyer, and Jon Herlocker are            as NSF special advisor on how
                                              future “cyber-infrastructure” can
developing innovative ways to make
                                              be engineered to better serve the
information more accessible and usable.       nation’s scientists and engineers.
Better access to protein data (projected on
screen in background) could help save
lives during disease outbreaks like SARS.
                                                                                                            An Attorney Turns                        Jon Herlocker: From
                                                                                                            Engineer                                 Amazon.com to OSU’s
                                                                                                                                                     Valley Library
                                                                                                            H     ow does a petite law school
                                                                                                                  graduate from one of China’s
                                                                                                            most prestigious universities wind
                                                                                                                                                     By studying the various paths
                                                                                                                                                     people use to find information on
                                                                                                            up coming to OSU to pursue an MS         the internet, professor Jon
                                                                                                            degree in computer science, and in       Herlocker ’s “collaborative filter-
                                                                                                            the process become very involved         ing” software streamlines the
                                                                                                            with that uniquely American, rough-      searches performed by other
                                                                                                            and-tumble sport, football?              users. Before joining OSU
                                                                                                            Sometimes, life’s path unfurls in        Engineering three years ago,
                                                                                                                                                     Herlocker’s PhD research in this
                                                                                                            interesting ways.
                                                                                                                                                     area was utilized by Amazon.com
                                                                    Catch! Computer Science                  Lanyue Xu , who lost her father in      so the online retailer could
                                                                                                  an accident when she was three years old and       personalize the information it
                                                                    graduate student Lanyue                                                          shows each customer, indicating
                                                                                                  was raised by her schoolteacher mother, has
                                                                    Xu is helping tackle spatial  always been interested in computer science.        items chosen by other people
                                                                    information research that     But when she was accepted to study law at          who liked similar books or music.

                                                                    will help a wide range of     one of the five best universities in China—        At OSU, Herlocker is building on
             6                                                                                    Shanghai’s Fudan University—she couldn’t say       his earlier research and just
                                                                    people do their jobs
                                                                                                  no. After she graduated and passed the bar         released a free version of a
                                                                    better—from coaches and       exam, she followed her husband, Jipeng Li, to      collaborative filtering engine that
                                                                    quarterbacks to firefighters  Corvallis, where he was a PhD student in the       helps “anyone using e-commerce
                                                                                                                                                     obtain Amazon.com-type of
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                    and architects.               OSU School of Electrical Engineering &
                                                                                                                                                     personalization,” he says.
                                                                                                  Computer Science. Holding only an F2 visa, Xu
                                                                    couldn’t take a job and quickly grew bored at home. “I decided to have my
                                                                    own life,” she says. So she enrolled at OSU to pursue a master’s degree—in
                                                                    the field she’s always been drawn to: computer science.
                                                                    Working with professor Ron Metoyer, Xu has helped develop a tangible
                                                                    interface training system that football coaches and players can use to
                                                                    create and test plays on a virtual football field. The technology behind the
                                                                    system can also be used in urban design to interact with and study
                                                                    pedestrian flows and potentially create content for the training of
                                                                    emergency personnel.
                                                                    “I’ve come to like football,” Xu says. “I often watch it on TV.” But her dream
                                                                    is to work in computer animation. “Someday, I’d like to make a great
                                                                    animated film,” she says. “Like Ice Age or Monsters, Inc.” This fall, armed
                                                                    with their graduate degrees, she and her husband head for Boston—just in
                                                                    time for the height of football season.
Herlocker is also collaborating          Ron Metoyer: Surfing
with OSU’s Valley Library (shown,        OSU’s Tsunami Wave Lab
left) to develop an innovative “e-
card catalog” that could revolu-         To enable researchers and
tionize the way library patrons          students anywhere in the world
search for information. Instead of       to “experience” the new Tsunami
having to know the title or author,      Wave Basin (see p. 25), Ron
the patron can type a specific           Metoyer is developing a virtual
question. The computer analyzes          version of the entire O. H.
past searches for similar informa-       Hinsdale Wave Research
tion by other patrons and shows          Laboratory . Tapping his expertise
the results. The more the system         in 3-D virtual environments,
is used, the smarter it becomes.         which helped him win almost
                                         $500,000 in the form of an NSF
                                         CAREER Award earlier this year,
“Microsoft is very                       Metoyer is using spatial informa-
interested in this one.”                 tion to create a 3-D informational
                                         tool for touring the lab and
      CS professor Jon Herlocker
                                         designing experiments for the
                                         facility.
Herlocker is also developing
software called TaskTracer, which,       “We want people to feel like                                7
among other things, makes                they’re inside the wave lab, not
personal computer information            just clicking down a list of fea-
more usable by reconfiguring a           tures or viewing web cams,”
                                         Metoyer says.




                                                                                        College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
user’s computer desktop accord-
ing to what project they are
currently working on—no more
shuffling windows each time you
move between projects.
“Microsoft is very interested in
this one,” Herlocker says.



                                        Tapping his expertise in 3-D virtual environ-
                                          ments, professor Ron Metoyer is making it
                                       possible for people anywhere in the world to
                                          visit the world’s largest—and most wired—
                                      tsunami wave basin (right). . . via cyberspace.
                                                                    Large-Scale Energy                                                                            By eliminating pipes, pumps, and
                                                                                                                                                                 moving parts, faculty in the Large-


                                                                    Systems:                                                                                         Scale Energy Systems research
                                                                                                                                                                      cluster have designed a safer
                                                                                                                                                                nuclear reactor (pictured clockwise,
                                                                                                                                                               from top: professors José Reyes, Todd
                                                                    Enabling Safer, Smarter Energy                                                             Palmer, Brian Woods, and Qiao Wu).




                                                                                                             I   n traditional nuclear power
                                                                                                                 plants the weakest links are
                                                                                                                 the pipes, pumps, and moving
                                                                                                             parts. Pipes break, moving parts
                                                                                                                                                    “Their timing couldn't be better,"
                                                                                                                                                    says Dean Ron Adams. "A recent
                                                                                                                                                    study from MIT suggests that a
                                                                                                                                                    threefold increase in the number
                                                                                                             jam, and pumps shut down if            of nuclear reactors worldwide
                                                                                                             power supplies fail. Which is why      could help reduce carbon emis-
                                                                                                             a faculty team in the Large-Scale      sions globally by up to 25 per-
      8                                                                                                      Energy Systems research cluster        cent.
                                                                                                             has created a bold new reactor
                                                                                                                                                    Reyes’ OSU team, which also
                                                                                                             design that eliminates pipes,
                                                                                                                                                    includes professors Brian Woods ,
                                                                                                             pumps, and moving parts by
                                                                                                                                                    Qiao Wu , and Todd Palmer , as
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                                                             using passive forces like gravity
                                                                                                                                                    well as partners at the Idaho
                                                                                                             and natural convection.
                                                                                                                                                    National Engineering Lab and
                                                                                                             The result? A safer, smaller, more     Nexant/Bechtel , has applied for
                                                                                                             streamlined reactor.                   a patent and is about to begin
                                                                                                                                                    testing a prototype for the U.S.
                                                                                                             “Because our design is so simple,
                                                                                                             the reactor is much safer,” says
                                                                                                                                                    Department of Energy .
                                                                                                             nuclear engineering professor          Innovation is the norm in this
                                                                                                             José Reyes , who leads the design      research cluster, and Reyes is a
                                                                    OSU researchers are the first to apply   team. “And it’s all contained          key innovator on the team. In 10
                                                                                                             within a single 60-foot cylinder.”     years, he has leveraged an initial
                                                                    MRI technology commonly found in
                                                                                                                                                    $4,000 grant into more than $13
                                                                    hospitals to other industry needs,
                                                                                                             The team’s innovative approach
                                                                                                                                                    million in additional research
                                                                                                             also enables the reactor to fit on a
                                                                    enabling them to “see” and study                                                funding—part of the reason
                                                                                                             single railcar, run for five years
                                                                                                                                                    OSU’s Department of Nuclear
                                                                    boiling water inside steel pipes.        between refueling shutdowns,
                                                                                                                                                    Engineering & Radiation Health
                                                                                                             and be installed for a fraction of
                                                                                                                                                    Physics is currently ranked 13th
                                                                                                             the cost of building a traditional
                                                                                                             nuclear power plant.
                                                                    9




College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
                                                                    in the nation. And Reyes is a        Inspired Investing
                                                                    major reason behind a recent $3-
                                                                    million gift to the department
                                                                    that established an endowed
                                                                                                         A     lumnus Hank Schuette (ME, 1950) and his wife Janice know how to
                                                                                                               generate energy. The couple built Sherwood, Oregon-based Wellons,
                                                                                                         Inc. into an international leader in energy systems that turn waste wood
                                                                    chair, now occupied by Reyes (see
                                                                                                         from the lumber industry into electricity.
                                                                    sidebar). The United Nations has
                                                                    also just appointed Reyes as         Now retired, the Schuette’s are generating a different kind of energy at the
                                                                    director of an International         College of Engineering—energy that will illuminate the learning process and,
                                                                    Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)          the couple hopes, inspire other benefactors to step forward and throw their
                                                                    Coordinated Research Program         own switches to help power the College’s drive to become one of the
                                                                    for a six-nation study on passive    nation’s top-25 engineering programs.
                                                                    nuclear energy systems. The
                                                                    Vienna-based IAEA is the United      The Schuette’s have given OSU a $3 million gift that establishes the first
                                                                    Nations’ vanguard for interna-       endowed chair in the Dept. of Nuclear Engineering & Radiation Health
                                                                    tional nuclear safety. Since the     Physics and ensures that one of OSU’s most successful faculty members will
                                                                    IAEA’s announcement, Reyes has       remain at the College.
                                                                    been invited as a keynote speaker
                                                                    at international conferences and     The Henry W. and Janice J. Schuette Chair has been filled by José
                                                                    has been asked to provide a series   Reyes , a professor who has brought millions of research dollars to OSU and
                                                                    of lectures at the prestigious       helped develop an innovative “passive safe” reactor design (see main story).
10                                                                  International Center for
                                                                                                          “Janice and I hope others will be inspired to lend their names to new
                                                                    Theoretical Physics in Trieste,
                                                                                                         endowed chairs,” Hank says. “It’s an excellent investment in Oregon State
                                                                    Italy. In addition, Reyes is pio-
                                                                    neering ways to use MRI technol-     and the future.”
                                                                    ogy outside the medical field (see
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                    p. 11).
                                                                                                            A $3 million gift from
                                                                    Other energy systems research is
                                                                    also underway at the College.         Mechanical Engineering
                                                                    Annette von Jouanne and Alan          alumnus Hank Schuette
                                                                    Wallace , professors of electrical
                                                                                                               and his wife Janice
                                                                    engineering, are using a National
                                                                    Science Foundation grant to           established an endowed
                                                                    design, implement, and test a             chair in the Dept. of
                                                                    prototype energy extraction
                                                                                                           Nuclear Engineering &
                                                                    system to tap ocean waves as a
                                                                    clean source of renewable energy.    Radiation Health Physics,
                                                                    And faculty members led by Rick          occupied by professor
                                                                    Billo , head of the Dept. of
                                                                                                                       José Reyes.
                                                                    Industrial & Manufacturing
                                                                    Engineering, are developing ways
                                                                    to produce clean-burning,
                                                                    sustainable biodiesel from plants.
                                                       Kent Abel, who came to
                                                                                Join the Momentum!
                                                       OSU to pursue a PhD in
                                                       nuclear engineering,
                                                                                B   uilding a top-tier engineering
                                                                                    institution takes support from
                                                                                many people on many levels—from
                                                       finds himself at the     donors like Hank & Janice Schuette ,
                                                                                Martin & Judy Kelley , Ken & Joan
                                                       cutting edge of
                                                                                Austin , and others who have given
                                                       research that’s          large gifts, to alumni and friends
                                                       discovering industrial   scattered around the world who are
                                                                                making smaller contributions. Together,
                                                       applications for MRI
                                                                                we’re building an engineering program
                                                       technology.              that is helping solve some of the
                                                                                world’s most complex problems, and
Seeing Through Steel?                                                           developing some of the world’s finest
                                                                                new engineers. To support our ascent,
P    hD candidate Kent Abel knows a thing or two about bubbles, and
     computer code developers worldwide will soon be lining up to take a
peek at his unique database on bubbly flow. That’s because Abel and OSU
                                                                                please contact:
                                                                                Marnie Noble, Associate Director of
faculty in the Large-Scale Energy Systems research cluster will soon            Development for the College of
have two new tools for real-time imaging of complex fluid flows: a state-of-    Engineering, OSU Foundation
the-art neutron tomography system and, interestingly enough, an MRI.            541-737-9328 or 800-354-7281              11
That’s right, the OSU research team has discovered a new use for that           marnie.noble@oregonstate.edu
huge, magnetic resonance imaging machine housed at most hospitals. Abel
will be using an MRI to obtain 3-D concentrations and velocity profiles for
a variety of gas-liquid flows typical of thousands of industrial fluid




                                                                                                                          College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
processes that take place in PVC and other non-metallic pipes. For high
pressure and high temperature processes occurring in thick steel pipes,
Abel will be using powerful neutron beams from OSU’s nuclear reactor to
get the 3-D images he needs. The end result will be a one-of-a-kind
database that will be used to test and improve a wide range of computa-
tional fluid dynamics codes.                                                    And to keep up with all the excitement
“Nobody else is using an MRI to do this,” Abel says. “We’re able to obtain      and energy being generated by our
an incredible amount of information on complex flows with the single            drive toward Top-25, subscribe to our
touch of a button.”                                                             free, monthly e-newsletter
                                                                                “MOMENTUM! @ OSU Engineering”
The College is working with the OSU Colleges of Forestry, Veterinary            at: engr.oregonstate.edu/momentum.
Medicine, and others to acquire an MRI on campus. “There’s a ton of
research that could be done with an MRI,” Abel says. This includes tracking
the uptake of toxins in plants, and using a special radiochromic gel to
calibrate radiation sources and to better pinpoint radiation treatments in
cancer patients. “It’s very exciting,” Abel says.
                                                                    Integrated Electronic
                                                                                Systems:
                                                                                      The pull of a powerful
                                                                      analog/mixed-signal research program




12




                                                                               Collaborative Teamwork: Graduate students in the Integrated Electronic
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                               Systems research cluster collaborate on analog/mixed-signal design in the
                                                                               lab and on having some fun on the basketball court. Students pictured are
                                                                                 José Silva, Robert Batten, Patrick Birrer, Hui En Pham, and Brian Owens.
W
                                     In addition to Temes, four other          process “real-world” signals such
        hat do a handful of
                                     faculty members in this research          as heartbeats, blood sugar levels,
        outstanding students
                                     cluster—Terri Fiez , Karti                music, light, speed, and more.
        from Canada,
                                     Mayaram , Un-Ku Moon , and                These signals exist in analog form
Singapore, Portugal, Switzerland,
                                     Huaping Liu —round out the                and must be converted to the
and Milwaukie, Oregon, have in
                                     team, making it a formidable              ones and zeroes of digital data
common?
                                     national player in analog/mixed-          before computers can do any-
They all heard about the reputa-     signal research.                          thing with the information.
tion of the five-person faculty
                                     Analog/mixed-signal engineer-             “An audio CD is a good example
team running OSU’s Integrated
                                     ing, which is at the heart of this        of analog and digital,” says Robert
Electronic Systems research
                                     research cluster, is what enables         Batten , a PhD candidate from
cluster , and wanted to be part
                                     computers to analyze and                  Canada who followed Fiez to OSU
of the cutting-edge research
                                                                               when she left Washington State
program.
                                                                               University to lead the Integrated
“Dr. Gabor Temes is known                                                      Electronic Systems research
worldwide,” says José Silva , who    “OSU has one of the                       cluster and now also directs
graduated from the Instituto         nation’s leading research                 OSU’s School of Electrical
Superior Técnico in Lisbon,                                                    Engineering & Computer Science.
Portugal, in 1994, then worked for   programs on analog and                    “The music is stored on the CD as
Siemens in Switzerland before        mixed-signal design.”                     digital data, but in order for us to
coming to OSU in 1997 to pursue            David Hodges,                       hear the music, that digital data      13
a PhD with Temes. “His research            Dean of Engineering                 must be converted to analog
in mixed-signal and the quality of         University of California Berkeley   signals.”
his work have an international             (retired)




                                                                                                                      College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
reputation.”
                                                                    “We’ve found OSU’s                         As computers play a larger and         years—proof that word is spread-
                                                                                                               larger role in everyday lives—         ing fast about the quality of the
                                                                    staff and students…a                       from deploying airbags to regu-        program.
                                                                    pleasure to collaborate                    lating pacemakers—and manu-
                                                                                                                                                      It was OSU’s reputation for close,
                                                                    with on joint research.                    facturers have to pack more and
                                                                                                                                                      collaborative work that attracted
                                                                                                               more functionality inside each
                                                                    They are very aggres-                                                             MS student Patrick Birrer to OSU
                                                                                                               chip, the demand for better
                                                                                                                                                      from the Burgdorf School of
                                                                    sive in delivering                         analog/mixed-signal engineering
                                                                                                                                                      Engineering in Switzerland. “I
                                                                    results, and ensuring                      grows. Which is where this OSU
                                                                                                                                                      had heard that the OSU program
                                                                                                               research cluster comes in.
                                                                    that those results are                                                            offered a more intimate environ-
                                                                                                               Within the next few years, the         ment for learning and research,”
                                                                    accurate through
14                                                                                                             Integrated Electronic Systems          says Birrer, who has also worked
                                                                    rigorous review. Their                     group at OSU intends to be the         at Siemens in Switzerland. “And
                                                                    over-all program is                        nation’s No. 1 player in mixed-        that is definitely the case.”
                                                                                                               signal research. Already among
                                                                    impressive.”                                                                       “As a graduate student here, you
                                                                                                               the top five, this is one of the
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                          Randy Mooney, Senior                                                        have a lot of flexibility and
                                                                                                               College’s largest research clusters,
                                                                          Principal Engineer, Intel                                                   freedom,” adds Hui En Pham ,
                                                                                                               with five faculty and more than
                                                                          Corp.                                                                       who came to OSU from
                                                                                                               60 graduate students.
                                                                                                                                                      Singapore to pursue a master’s
                                                                                                               Applications to the program have
                                                                                                                                                      degree.
                                                                                                               quadrupled in the past three




                                                                        As OSU builds one of the nation’s
                                                                      top analog/mixed-signal programs,
                                                                        better integrated circuits will help
                                                                      diabetics better monitor their blood-
                                                                      sugar levels, improve performance of
                                                                           cardiac pacemakers, and more.
                                                                                Faculty in OSU’s
                                       that the extra time is a small price           Integrated
  “The overall quality of              to pay for the hands-on research
                                                                               Electronic Systems
  the OSU mixed-signal                 experience they gain, which often
                                       translates into excellent job             research cluster
  research, faculty, and               offers.                                 include, from top,
  students is first-rate.
                                       MS candidate Brian Owens , who               Un-Ku Moon,
  The people are very                  also did his undergrad at OSU                Huaping Liu,
  accessible and person-               and comes from the Portland,
                                                                                 Karti Mayaram,
                                       Oregon, suburb of Milwaukie, has
  able, making interac-
                                       been snatched up by Sandia                  Terri Fiez, and
  tion with industry that              National Labs for a job he’ll start         Gabor Temes.
  much more productive.”               this fall after finishing his degree.                         15
                                       “From what I’ve heard from
        Jack Hurt, Director of
        Foundry Relations, Tektronix   students in programs at other
                                       schools, their master’s theses are




                                                                                                     College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
                                       similar to what we do for class
                                       projects,” he says. “Here, we get
                                       to do it all, from design to fabri-
                                       cation.”
                                       This highly hands-on approach is
                                       what Fiez says gives OSU gradu-
                                       ate students an edge when it
Batten agrees. “You get to spend a
                                       comes to helping the world.
lot of time with your professors
here,” he says. “Which is generally    “We’re giving students a solid
not the case at most top engi-         foundation for a career that will
neering schools, especially at the     change the way people can live,”
master’s level.”                       says Fiez. “Building a national
                                       reputation for research is all
Although it takes six months
                                       about the students in the pro-
longer at OSU than at other
                                       gram. Students are the heart and
mixed-signal programs to earn a
                                       soul of our research cluster. They
master’s degree, students concur
                                       enable the program to succeed.”
                                                                    Biological &
                                                                    Environmental Systems
                                                                    Following Mother Nature’s Lead


                                                                                         A        s the saying goes,
                                                                                                  oftentimes “mother
                                                                                                  knows best.”
                                                                                         OSU Engineering faculty and
                                                                                                                                         transform highly toxic chlorinated
                                                                                                                                         solvents like Trichloroethylene
                                                                                                                                         (TCE) into inert components.
                                                                                                                                         Widely used as an industrial
                                                                                         students in the Biological &                    degreaser and dry cleaning agent,
                                                                                         Environmental Systems research                  TCE now contaminates vast areas
                                                                      From toxic waste   cluster are discovering that some               of soil where it was carelessly
                                                                                                                                         dumped. In collaboration with
16                                                                    cleanup to         of Mother Nature’s smallest
                                                                                         organisms produce big results                   Stanford University, Semprini and
                                                                      nanotechnology,                                                    environmental engineering
                                                                                         when it comes to cleaning up
                                                                      microorganisms     humanity’s toxic messes, devel-                 professor Mark Dolan have
                                                                                                                                         successfully engineered ways to
                                                                      lend OSU           oping better implantable medical
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                                         devices, and making nanoscale                   inject contaminated soils with
                                                                      researchers a                                                      microbes and then use DNA
                                                                                         materials.
                                                                      hand.                                                              testing to track how the organ-
                                                                                         Working with OSU botanists,                     isms do the cleanup.
                                                                                         microbiologists, and plant                      Environmental engineering
                                                                                         pathologists, environmental                     professors Jack Istok and Brian
                                                                                         engineering professor Lew                       Wood are using different
                                                                                         Semprini, who directs the                       microbes to stop the spread of
                                                                                         Western Region Hazardous                        sub-surface plumes of nuclear
                        College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                                         Substance Research Center at                    waste.
                                                                                         OSU, is using microorganisms to




                                                                                         Busy Bugs: Environmental engineering professor Mark Dolan holds a tube of frozen
                                                                                         microorganisms that OSU Engineering researchers have discovered transform highly toxic
                                                                                         solvents like Trichloroethylene (TCE) to inert components.
Research by professors Lew
Semprini, Greg Rorrer, and Joe
McGuire (holding his new baby) is
improving the world for their
children and generations to come.
Using microorganisms, people in
this research cluster are develop -
ing better ways to clean up toxic
waste, build nanostructures, and
slow bacterial adhesion on
medical implants.




                                      17




                                      College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
                                                                    Bioengineering researchers             “You can do things at a vet           to silicon that has optical and
                                                                    Michelle Bothwell and Joe              school that you can’t readily do at   electronic properties with many
                                                                    McGuire are employing yet              a medical school,” McGuire says.      high-tech applications,” says
                                                                    another group of microorganisms        “This is an advantage for us here     Rorrer, who also works with Chih-
                                                                    to make bioactive surfactant           at OSU.”                              hung Chang , a chemical engineer-
                                                                    coatings that decrease infection       Chemical engineering, professor       ing professor with expertise in
                                                                    and coagulation on implantable         Greg Rorrer has enlisted a species    electronic materials. “Currently,
                                                                    medical devices such as stents,                                              germanium oxide nanoparticles
                                                                    catheters, and endotracheal tubes.                                           are produced by industry at very
                                                                                                           “By putting all of these              high temperatures, in a vacuum,
                                                                    “Bacterial adhesion and infection
                                                                                                                                                 using laser beams. We’re using a
                                                                    at the site of an implant can be an    people together in one                simple biological process at room
                                                                    enormous problem following             research cluster, you gain            temperature to make these
                                                                    surgery or endovascular interven-
                                                                                                           phenomenal momentum,                  nanoparticles inside the diatoms,
                                                                    tion,” McGuire says. “We’re
                                                                                                                                                 letting the nanobiochemical
                                                                    developing biologically active         cross-fertilization of ideas,         machinery of the diatom cell do all
                                                                    materials that help prevent this.”     and critical mass.”                   the synthetic work. It’s incredible.”
                                                                    Although implants are often                  Ken Williamson                  Rorrer’s research in these areas is
                                                                    coated with traditional antibiotics,         Department Head
                                                                                                                                                 supported by the National Science
                                                                    doing so increases the risk of
                                                                                                                                                 Foundation and the Office of
                                                                    producing resistant strains of
18                                                                                                         of algae to help clean up toxic       Naval Research .
                                                                    bacteria. So Bothwell and McGuire
                                                                                                           TNT that is leaking from unex-
                                                                    are using compounds called                                                   Other players in this research
                                                                                                           ploded munitions on the ocean
                                                                    lantibiotics, whose unique physi-                                            cluster include professors Peter
                                                                                                           floor (see sidebar), and has
                                                                    cal structure prevents resistant                                             Nelson , Robert Peattie , Dorthe
                                                                                                           discovered that single-celled
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                    strains of bacteria from develop-                                            Wildenschild , and Ken
                                                                                                           marine organisms called diatoms
                                                                    ing. “We’re the first to be working                                          Williamson , head of the depart-
                                                                                                           might contain the key for produc-
                                                                    with lantibiotics at biomaterial                                             ments of both Chemical
                                                                                                           ing nanoparticles that the high-
                                                                    interfaces,” McGuire says.                                                   Engineering and Civil,
                                                                                                           tech industry has found compli-
                                                                                                                                                 Construction, & Environmental
                                                                    Collaborating with the OSU             cated and costly to produce using
                                                                                                                                                 Engineering. “By putting all of
                                                                    College of Veterinary Medicine         other means.
                                                                                                                                                 these people together in one
                                                                    enables Bothwell and McGuire to
                                                                                                           “We’ve succeeded in getting           research cluster, you gain phe-
                                                                    move toward their ultimate goal of
                                                                                                           diatoms to take up significant        nomenal momentum, cross-
                        College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                    developing a method for applying
                                                                                                           quantities of germanium, a            fertilization of ideas, and critical
                                                                    these biologically active materials
                                                                                                           semiconductor material related        mass,” Williamson says.
                                                                    to implants as the devices are
                                                                    being manufactured.
Transforming TNT,
Shattering Stereotypes

A    fter almost three years working
     in the fast-paced, high-stakes,
big-salary pharmaceuticals industry,
Octavio “Tavi” Cruz-Uribe woke
one morning and decided to throw in
the towel on that career.
Why?
                                           Cruz-Uribe’s research with chemical
“Family,” says Cruz-Uribe, who at 26       engineering professor Greg Rorrer
is married and the father of two           involves using algae to ingest toxic
small children. “I was making very         TNT and transform it into inert
good money, but hardly ever seeing         components. Leaking from
my wife.”                                  unexploded munitions at weapons
He has no regrets about his decision       test sites and elsewhere, TNT is
to quit work and return to school to       destroying marine ecosystems.
pursue a PhD, and says he definitely       “I’m very glad to be working on this
made the right choice coming to            project,” says Cruz-Uribe, whose         19
OSU.                                       parents are both medical doctors.
“I could have gone to a big-name           “Because it’s helping. We’re using a
school, but I wanted a more pleasant,      natural process to engineer real




                                                                                    College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
relaxed atmosphere,” he says. “Other       solutions.”
schools are so competitive. I didn’t       An avid snowboarder, traveler, and
want to fight to be exposed to             brewer of beer, Cruz-Uribe is proud of
knowledge. Here, I’m doing cutting-        the tattoos that cover much of his
edge research that isn’t happening         back and chest, many representing
anywhere else. It’s happening only         his Chinese and Mexican heritage.
right here at OSU.”                        “I’m part of a new generation of
                                           engineers,” he says. “We’re out to
                                           break all the stereotypes.”



PhD student Octavio “Tavi” Cruz-Uribe
is helping professor Greg Rorrer use
marine algae (top, right) to clean up
toxic TNT leaking in the Earth’s oceans.
N a n o M e e t s M i c r o . . . and
   a New Industry Is Born


                                        20
                                             OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report
Putting Nano-technology to Work in Micro Devices


Oregon Dream Team: OSU
Engineering researchers led by Kevin
Drost (right) are partnering with
                                         B     ig news travels fast.
                                               Especially when it’s about
                                               tiny things that could
                                         transform the economic land-
                                                                               Last fall, Pacific Northwest
                                                                               National Labs (PNNL) and OSU
                                                                               inked an agreement to co-
                                                                               establish the Corvallis-based
University of Oregon nanoscience         scape of an entire region in a very   Microproducts Breakthrough
                                         big way.                              Institute (MBI), which commer-
researchers led by Dave Johnson
                                         During the past year, the research    cializes new products based on
(center) to develop and commercialize                                                                                                  21
                                         cluster known as Multi-Scale          MMD technology. This past
an emerging technology called Multi-     Materials & Devices (MMD) has         summer, Hewlett-Packard Co .
Scale Materials and Devices (MMD).       been gaining momentum at a            donated a 3-year lease (valued at
                                         dizzying pace—sometimes               $2 million) of an underused




                                                                                                                                       College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
Hewlett-Packard vice president Steve
                                         moving so fast and spreading so       building on their Corvallis
Nigro (left) encouraged his company to   far it’s hard to keep up with all     campus to temporarily house the
donate the lease of an underused         that’s going down.                    MMD Signature Research
                                                                               Center . This new center will be
building on its Corvallis campus to      And what’s helping fuel this          co-directed by OSU’s Kevin Drost
serve as a temporary home of the MMD     MMD momentum is an unprece-           and UO’s Dave Johnson , who will
                                         dented level of collaboration and     blend OSU’s microtechnology
Signature Research Center.
                                         teamwork among industry,              expertise with UO’s strengths in
Above: Renderings of test cuts in
                                         government, and academia—             nanoscience, eventually distrib-
                                         including a team made up of           uting the center among other
silicon wafers used in MMD technology    research players from Oregon’s        Oregon universities, including
development.                             gridiron archrivals, OSU Beavers      Portland State University and
                                         and UO Ducks.                         Oregon Health & Sciences
                                         Here’s a brief rundown of what’s      University. In addition to HP a                 ,
                                         happening:                            growing list of companies have
                                                                               signed on to help advance MMD:
                                                                               X e r o x , FEI , I n t e l , L S I L o g i c , ESI ,
                                                                               and others.
22

                                                                    Lab staff Steve Etringer (left), professor
                                                                                                                 MMD technology is also grabbing       Officials project that MMD
                                                                    Brian Paul (center), and graduate student    the attention of a wide range of      technology will attract approxi-
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                    Christoph Pluess use a laser machining       other people, from big-city           mately $300 million in federal
                                                                    system from industry partner Electro         venture capitalists to ranchers in    funding, which, based on U.S.
                                                                                                                 rural Oregon.                         Department of Commerce
                                                                    Scientific Industries (ESI) to cut tiny                                            estimates, would result in 10,000
                                                                                                                 Why? Because in the long run,
                                                                    microchannels that are at the core of                                              new jobs.
                                                                                                                 everyone stands to benefit as
                                                                    OSU’s MMD technology.                        Oregon becomes known as the           Not bad for something so tiny. So
                                                                                                                 birthplace of a whole new indus-      what is MMD?
                                                                                                                 try—one that could rival the
                                                                                                                                                       In a nutshell, MMD is about
                                                                                                                 microelectronics boom of the
                                                                                                                                                       creating products that incorpo-
                                                                                                                 South Bay Area.
                                                                                                                                                       rate nano-technology (technol-
                                                                                                                 “This is a significant opportu-       ogy at the size of single atoms or
                                                                                                                 nity,” says Drost. “MMD technol-      small molecules) and micro-
                                                                                                                 ogy is expected to be a $10 billion   technology (technology at the
                                                                                                                 dollar industry within a decade,      size of a human hair) in order to
                                                                                                                 and the Pacific Northwest will be     perform energy, chemical, and
                                                                                                                 a major beneficiary.”                 biological processes at dramati-
                                                                                                                                                       cally reduced size, lower cost,
                                                                                                                                                       higher efficiency, and with
       Water is pumped through microchannels etched in a
  fractal pattern on a metal plate the size of a quarter. The
   fractal pattern, which mimics that found in nature (river
    drainages, veins in tree leaves, the circulatory system of
    animals), enables much higher rates of heat transfer. A
  small stack of these etched plates could one-day power a
                              super-efficient heat exchanger.




precise control. In other words,                Development of these devices            Bioengineering is working on a
MMD enables development of                      and others are driving growth of        tiny biosensor that issues instant
tiny devices that are super-                    this research cluster, which            visual warnings when it detects
efficient and pack a punch far                  includes 22 faculty and dozens of       toxins. The cluster also includes
larger than the sum of their                    graduate students. Electrical           OSU technicians and lab staff like
miniscule parts. MMD is poised                                                          Steve Etringer who is machining
to do for mechanical devices                                                            a microreactor, and a cadre of
                                                                                                                               23
what the microchip did for                      “MMD research here is very              graduate students like Christoph
computers and electronics—                      exciting because you get to             Pluess , who came from
make big, slow things small and                                                         Switzerland to do cutting edge
                                                work with faculty from so               research as a master’s student.
efficient.




                                                                                                                               College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
                                                many different disciplines.”            “MMD research here is very
Imagine being able to heat
                                                        Grad student Christoph Pluess   exciting because you get to work
individual rooms with heaters the
size of Hood River apples, elimi-                                                       with faculty from so many
nating the ductwork that wastes                                                         different disciplines,” Pluess says.
                                                engineering professor John              “You learn about so many interre-
billions in lost energy each year.              Wager ’s breakthrough research in       lated fields.”
Or a small apparatus at every                   transparent electronics is part of
farm that produces sustainable                  this cluster. So is industrial &        Which is, after all, what research
“green” biodiesel from crops                    manufacturing engineering               clusters are all about—spanning
farmers grow on a few acres of                  professor Brian Paul ’s work            disciplinary boundaries to gain
their own land, eliminating the ag              fabricating a heat exchanger the        momentum. If this past year is
industry’s dependence on diesel                 size of a quarter, whose fractal        any indication of the momentum
transported thousands of miles.                 cooling channels were developed         at which the MMD research
                                                by mechanical engineering               cluster is going to grow, the
Or how about a tiny air condi-                                                          coming year might be a fast and
                                                professor Deborah Pence . And
tioner that silently taps waste                                                         wild ride. But together, it’s easier
                                                professor Frank Chaplen from
engine heat to keep your car’s                                                          to hold on.
                                                the department of
interior cool while it sits baking
in a parking lot all day?
                                                                        Research by structural engineering
                                                                      professor Chris Higgins (seated) and
                                                                     graduate students (from left, Melissa
                                                                                                              The Kiewit Center
                                                                        Robelo, Ae-young Lee, and Tanarat
                                                                    Potisuk) are helping the Oregon Dept.
                                                                    of Transportation assess the remaining
                                                                                                               for Infrastructure
                                                                    capacity and predict the remaining life
                                                                               of Oregon’s cracked bridges.    & Transportation

                                                                                                                        O       ne wing of the cavernous
                                                                                                                                metal building contains a
                                                                                                                                small ocean—a 730,000-
                                                                                                                        gallon tank capable of simulating
                                                                                                                        the earthquake-triggered tidal
                                                                                                                        waves known as tsunamis.
24                                                                                                                      At the opposite side of this same
                                                                                                                        building, 26-ft.-long concrete
                                                                                                                        bridge girders weighing some four
                                                                                                                        tons are being bounced up and
                                                                                                                        down under the weight of a huge
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                                                                        hydraulic actuator that is simulat-
                                                                                                                        ing decades of truck traffic driving
                                                                                                                        across a bridge.
                                                                                                                        In a basement lab across campus,
                                                                                                                        an innovative alternative to
                                                                                                                        Oregon’s gas tax is being designed
                                                                                                                        using wireless technology.
                        College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                                                                        All these projects are part of the
                                                                                                                        OSU research cluster called the
                                                                                                                        Kiewit Center for Infrastructure &
                                                                                                                        Transportation , directed by profes-
                                                                                                                        sor Jim Lundy . Research here is
                                                                                                                        aimed at making roads, bridges,
                                                                                                                        ships, coastal development, and
                                                                                                                        more safer for everyone.
                                      Ocean engineering professor Dan Cox (left)
                                         directs the O. H. Hinsdale Wave Research
                                         Lab, home of the newly finished Tsunami
                                     Wave Basin, the largest such research facility
                                           in the world. Renowned tsunami expert
                                      Harry Yeh, joined OSU last January and has

Helping Build                            already brought more than $1 million in

a Safer World                         research funding to the College. (To see the
                                         new basin filled with water, turn to p. 7.)




Safer Tsunamis                         Geological records indicate that
                                       undersea earthquakes caused by
Funded by a $4.8 million NSF
                                       the Cascadia Subduction Zone in
grant, the new Tsunami Wave
                                       the Pacific Ocean occur about
Basin at the O. H. Hinsdale Wave
                                       every 300 years. The last one hit
Research Lab (WRL) on campus
                                       in 1700, which means now is the
is the largest—and most wired—
                                       time to improve tsunami warning
in the world. Just completed this
                                       systems around the Pacific.                     25
summer, the new facility is
                                       Although tsunamis travel at the
already attracting attention from
                                       speed of a jetliner, it can take
around the globe.
                                       between 30 minutes and several




                                                                                       College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
“A lot of top people are already       hours before the waves reach
wanting to join our program            land, allowing time to orchestrate
because of this project,” says         evacuations.
professor Harry Yeh , one of the
                                       Since arriving last January, Yeh
world’s premiere tsunami
                                       has already secured more than $1
researchers who was recruited by
                                       million in new research funding.
OSU last year. Yeh says that
potential sea level rise caused by     Professor Dan Cox , recently hired
global warming combined with           to direct the WRL, is also bringing
population pressure on the coast       new research and learning
is generating increased coastal        innovations to OSU. Using a
hazards, presenting OSU with a         three-year National Science
unique opportunity to become           Foundation grant, Cox brought
the nation’s No. 1 player in           eight students from four universi-
coastal engineering. “We could         ties to OSU this summer to
have a tremendous impact in this       participate in the new Research
area,” he says.                        Experience for Undergraduates
                                                                    Graduate students Ae-young Lee (left)           “This is the only REU program I       Cox is also bringing industry
                                                                    and Theresa Daniels (right) use OSU’s
                                                                                                                    know of specifically focused on       partners to the WRL, like Josh
                                                                                                                    coastal issues,” Cox says. “Ours is   Carter of Edmonds, Washington-
                                                                    new strong floor to assist professor Chris      unique in that it combines civil      based Coast and Harbor
                                                                    Higgins with critical bridge research.          engineering, oceanography, and        Engineering , a company
                                                                                                                    computer science. Most other          researching a better design for a
26                                                                                                                  REU sites are in a single depart-     Puget Sound breakwater. “This is
                                                                                                                    ment.”                                definitely the most accessible
                                                                    (REU) program doing hands-on                                                          wave facility we know of,” Carter
                                                                    research focused on coastal                     Cox recruited Texas A&M grad
                                                                                                                                                          says. “It’s incredible.”
                                                                    processes and hazard mitigation.
                                                                                                                    Chris Scott to pursue a master’s
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                    Some students worked with OSU                   degree at OSU and serve as            Other OSU faculty involved in the
                                                                    computer science faculty, helping               student advisor for the REU           Tsunami Wave Basin include
                                                                    ensure that researchers anywhere                program. “Chris is a professor’s      Merrick Haller , Jon Herlocker ,
                                                                    in the world will be able to                    dream graduate student,” Cox          R o b H o l m a n , R o n M e t o y e r , Tuba
                                                                    participate in real-time experi-                says. “He’s doing outstanding         Ozkan-Haller , Cherri Pancake ,
                                                                    ments at the facility.                          work.”                                and Solomon Yim.

                                                                                                                                                          Better Bridges
                                                                                                                                                          When the Oregon Department of
                                                                         Steve Lovejoy (right) balances his full-                                         Transportation (ODOT) needed
                                                                        time job as a senior engineer at ODOT                                             help determining the severity of
                                                                                                                                                          the cracks found in more than
                                                                       with his doctoral studies in mechanical
                                                                                                                                                          500 of its bridges, it came to OSU
                                                                        engineering at OSU, bringing an ideal                                             structural engineering professors
                                                                              mix of experience, expertise, and                                           Chris Higgins , Tom Miller , David
                                                                                                                                                          Rosowsky , and Solomon Yim .
                                                                      education to the bridge research project.
Utilizing the new strong floor        says, “It’s nice to be doing            Undergrads Luis Bellon (far left), Neil Clayton
located in the WRL, and funded        research that will have an incredi-     (above, center), and Javier Moncada
by a $1.6 million ODOT grant,         ble impact on the state. Ever
                                                                              (above, right) do research as part of the REU
Higgins is leading a team of          since I was five years old I’ve
faculty and graduate students         wanted to work with bridges. And        program. Grad student Chris Scott
testing the strength of bridge        now I am. It’s an incredible            (above, standing) assists.
girders by simulating traffic loads   feeling when the work you are                                                             27
and other forces. The research        doing has a direct impact on the
will help ODOT assess the             state you live in. It’s very fulfill-   Wireless Miles
remaining capacity and predict        ing.” Daniels says she is also          What if states taxed vehicle




                                                                                                                                College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
the remaining life of the cracked     grateful that the research is giving    owners for the miles they drive
bridges.                              her hands-on experience with            instead of the fuel they burn?
                                      heavy equipment, including              That’s an idea ODOT is looking
“This is an outstanding collabo-
                                      forklifts, grinders, and steel          into, and for research assistance
rative project that ultimately
                                      cutting tools. “I didn’t get to do      has turned to OSU’s Mobile
benefits every person in the state
                                      that in my office cubicle at Black      Technology Solutions
of Oregon,” Higgins says.
                                      & Veatch.”                              Laboratory . Industrial & manu-
Theresa Daniels , one of the                                                  facturing engineering professors
graduate students on the bridge                                               David Kim and David Porter are
research team, came to OSU to         “I didn’t get to do that                developing and testing prototype
pursue a master’s degree after a                                              systems capable of electronically
3-year stint in industry doing        in my office cubicle at
                                                                              counting vehicle miles traveled
structural engineering for            Black & Veatch.”                        (VMT) and wirelessly incorporat-
Kansas-based Black & Veatch .               Grad Student Theresa Daniels      ing a per-mile user fee into fuel
Daniels, who graduated from                                                   purchases. If the OSU prototypes
Iowa State University and excels                                              prove viable, the proposed VMT
at soccer as well as ceramics,                                                fee might one day replace the
                                                                              state’s gas tax.
                                                                    From    Sometimes,                             This is the true story of how OSU
                                                                                                                   Civil Engineering alumnus Jim
                                                                            engineers touch                        Poirot , who spent more than 42

                                                                    Lima,   lives in ways they
                                                                            never imagined…
                                                                                                                   years with CH2M HILL, and his
                                                                                                                   wife Raeda (also an OSU alum-
                                                                                                                   nus) helped make it possible for
                                                                                                                   Peruvian Patricia Abón to study

                                                                    With    and a life is for-
                                                                            ever changed.
                                                                                                                   engineering at Oregon State.
                                                                                                                   “The girls on the train joked
                                                                                                                   about adopting us as their

                                                                    Love                                           grandparents,” Jim says. “The


                                                                            A       retired chairman of the        next morning we just happened
                                                                                    board of one of the world’s    to see them on the streets of
                                                                                    most successful engineer-      Cusco, and they ran up to us,
                                                                            ing firms and his wife travel to       calling ‘Grandma! Grandpa!’ ”
                                                                            Peru to attend a friend’s wedding      Jim had given Abón his business
                                                                            in Lima. They miss their train near    card, and when he and Raeda
                                                                            Machu Picchu and wind up sitting       returned to the United States,
                                                                            squeezed onto the steps of the last    they found two e-mails from her
                                                                            train of the day, which is packed      waiting. “She was the one who
28
                                                                            beyond capacity with chattering        took the initiative to continue the
                                                                            students from an all-girls Catholic    contact and made it very clear
                                                                            high school in Lima. Several of the    that she wanted to become an
                                                                            students insist that the couple        engineer,” Jim says.
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                            take their seats inside the train
                                                                                                                   The Poirots helped Abón apply
                                                                            car. Trying out their English, the
                                                                                                                   for admission and scholarships at
                                                                            students learn the man is an
                                                                                                                   OSU, and sponsored her visa
                                                                            engineer. One of the young
                                                                                                                   application. Everything clicked
                                                                            women announces that her
                                                                                                                   and she enrolled last fall, funded
                                                                            dream is to become an engineer,
                                                                                                                   by a prestigious Provost’s
                                                                            too. Two years later, she’s studying
                                                                                                                   Scholarship and an International
                                                                            computer engineering at OSU and
                                                                                                                   Cultural Service Program
                                                                            refers to the engineering executive
                                                                                                                   Scholarship.
                                                                            and his wife as her American
                                                                            grandparents.                          “During her first quarter at OSU
                                                                                                                   she struggled a little, the second
                                                                            A chance meeting on a train near       quarter she did better, and the
                                                                                                                   third she got straight A’s,” Jim says
                                                                            Machu Picchu in Peru paved the way     proudly.
                                                                            for Patricia Abón to study computer
                                                                            engineering at OSU, where she also
                                                                            takes yoga and dance classes.
                                                                            involvement in worldwide
                                                                            sustainability initiatives, includ-
                                                                            ing the Earth Charter. In 2000, he
                                                                            participated in launching the
                                                                            Earth Charter in The Hague,
                                                                            Netherlands, speaking at the
                                                                            ceremony attended by many
Paty, as the Poirot’s fondly call    civil engineering and Raeda            environmental leaders, including
Abón, visits their Roseburg home     business administration.               Mikhail Gorbachev.
during holidays and school
                                     Raeda also worked at CH2M              “Some of my most satisfying
breaks. “And she still calls us
                                     HILL, but only for one week.           work has been helping transfer
Grandma and Grandpa,” Raeda
says.                                “Everybody at the company was          sustainable technologies to
                                     sick with the flu, so Jim asked me     developing countries,” Jim says.
This past summer Abón worked
                                     if I could help out,” Raeda says. “I   Thanks to their generosity and
as an intern doing computer
                                     was pregnant with our first baby,      compassion—and a chance
engineering for OSU’s new
                                     but I went in and worked Monday        meeting on a crowded train—the
Tsunami Wave Basin, part of the
                                     through Friday, and had the baby       Poirot’s have helped transfer their
research cluster called the Kiewit
                                     on Saturday!”                          passion for engineering to Abón,
Center for Infrastructure &
Transportation (see p. 24). In       Jim has also served as president       who will help keep her “grandfa-
addition to computers, her other     of the American Society of Civil       ther’s” passion for engineering
                                                                                                                  29
interests include dance, basket-     Engineers , vice president of the      alive, in her native Peru. She
ball, yoga, Tae Kwon Do, and dog     Paris-based World Federation of        plans to get a graduate degree
obedience. “I like to develop        Engineering Organizations , and        before returning to Lima, where
many areas of my life,” she says.    as a founding board member of          she hopes to “make positive




                                                                                                                  College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
“Not only my career.”                the World Engineering                  changes in my country.” Her
                                     Partnership for Sustainable            dream is to found and grow a
One of this country’s most                                                  company “to help lower the
                                     Development . He is a member of
respected engineering leaders,                                              unemployment rate among my
                                     the National Academy of
Jim graduated from OSU in 1953                                              people,” she says.
                                     Engineers , and received an
and was the 35th employee of
                                     honorary doctorate degree from
CH2M HILL when he joined the
                                     OSU this year in recognition of
company that same year. He
                                     his engineering leadership and
quickly moved up the ranks to
ultimately serve as chairman of
the board before his retirement in       At commencement last June, OSU
1995.                                   conferred an honorary doctorate
Jim first met Raeda in 8th grade,          degree on former CH2M HILL
they started dating while at           chairman of the board, Jim
Roseburg High School, and
married after his junior year at        Poirot. His wife Raeda
OSU, where Jim was studying               and Paty helped him
                                                      celebrate.
                                                                    Shake It Up!
                                                                    Learning Innovations Enhance Teaching

                                                                    P   art of building a top-25
                                                                        engineering program is
                                                                    retooling the learning machinery
                                                                                                         Mobile Wireless Learning —
                                                                                                         Funded by a grant from the
                                                                                                         Hewlett Foundation, students are
                                                                    to ensure that students are          using PDAs and laptop comput-
                                                                    inspired, motivated, and as          ers in classes where an interactive
                                                                    “work-ready” as possible by the      learning environment enhances         Real Research — Our undergrad-
                                                                    time they toss up their mortar       the learning process.                 uates don’t have to wait until they
                                                                    boards and enter the job market                                            are grad students to try their hand
                                                                                                         Winning Teams — The College
                                                                    as new engineers. The College has                                          at research. We believe there’s no
                                                                                                         is building entire courses around
                                                                    implemented the following                                                  better way to learn than by doing.
                                                                                                         national student chapter design
                                                                    Learning Innovations as part of                                            And there’s no better reward than
                                                                                                         competitions, which expose
                                                                    our Top-25 Drive:                                                          helping discover solutions to the
                                                                                                         students to real-world design
                                                                                                                                               world’s tough challenges.
                                                                    Revolutionary Robots —               challenges . . . and real-world
                                                                    Funded by a grant from               rewards. Our students are win-        Entrepreneurs Extraordinaire —
                                                                    Tektronix , TekBots™ is an inno-     ning national titles and prize        Historic Weatherford Hall (above) is
30                                                                  vative platform-for-learning that    money by designing innovative         being renovated to house the
                                                                    offers students an exciting way to   bridges, boats, automobiles, and      Austin Entrepreneurship Program ,
                                                                    apply classroom theory to real-      more.                                 one of only two programs in the
                                                                    world devices—robots they                                                  country where students who want
                                                                    assemble and enhance during                                                to start their own business ventures
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                    their years at the College.                                                can live, learn, and dream together
                                                                                                                                               in a residential setting that kindles
                                                                                                                                               the entrepreneurial spirit.




                                                                                                                                               Developed at OSU Engineering,
                                                                                                                                               a platform-for-learning called
                                                                                                                                               TekBots™ helps engineering
                                                                                                                                               students May Chan and Daniel
                                                                                                                                               Curiel apply classroom lessons
                                                                                                                                               to a real-world device.
Leadership
College Leadership Team                  College Advisory Board                       Robert Wilson, Retired—R.C. Wilson Construction
Ron Adams, Dean                          James B. Johnson, Retired—Intel              Ted Wilson, Director of Technology, Imaging &
College of Engineering                   Corporation (Board Chair)                    Printing Group, Hewlett-Packard Company
Gordon Reistad                           Kay E. Altman, Chief Financial Officer,      Larry Martin, Wah Chang, MECOP Executive
Associate Dean                           Altman Browning and Company                  Board Chair 2002-2003
Chris Bell                               Ron Dilbeck, Chief Operating Officer and
Associate Dean                           Vice President of Engineering, RadiSys       Emeritus Board Members
Lee Schroeder                            Corporation                                  Larry Chalfan, Zero Waste Alliance
Interim Associate Dean                   Dwayne Foley, Retired—Northwest              D.W. “Chuck” Halligan, Retired—Bechtel Power
Roy Rathja                               Natural Gas/OSU Alumni                       Corp.
                                         Association/OSU Foundation
Assistant Dean/Head Advisor                                                           Ed Hunt, Retired—HUNTAIR
                                         James A. Johnson, Vice President, Intel
Terri Fiez, Director                                                                  Robert E. Johnson, Retired—National
                                         Communications Group, Intel Corp.
School of Electrical Engineering &                                                    Semiconductor Japan Ltd.
Computer Science                         Sue Laszlo, Manager, Design Services, Port
                                         of Portland                                  James W. Lucke, IBM Corp.
Bella Bose, Associate Director
School of Electrical Engineering &       Lee Kearney, Retired—Peter Kiewit Sons’,     Ted Molinari, Retired—Praegitzer Industries, Inc.
Computer Science                         Inc.                                         Robert L. Polvi, Retired—Bechtel Group, Inc.
Cherri Pancake, Associate Director       Martin Kelley, Retired—Peter Kiewit Sons’,
School of Electrical Engineering &       Inc.
Computer Science                                                                      Top-25 Campaign Cabinet                             31
                                         Mark A. Lasswell, Senior Vice President,
John P. Bolte, Head                      CH2M HILL                                    Connie Kearney ’65, Lee Kearney ’63
Bioengineering                                                                        Peter Kiewit Sons’ Inc. (retired)
                                         Paul Lorenzini, Retired—PacifiCorp
Ken Williamson, Head                                                                  Ken Austin ’53, Joan Austin
                                         Jeff Manchester, Retired—Fort James Corp.




                                                                                                                                          College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
Chemical Engineering                                                                  A-dec Inc.
Civil, Construction, & Environmental     Larry G. Martin, Manager, Business
                                         Development, Allegheny Technologies          Greg Drew
Engineering
                                                                                      NETIQ Corporation
Steve Tesch, Head                        Jeff Peace, Program Manager, 767 Tanker,
Forest Engineering (ex officio)          Boeing Commercial Airplane Group             Jim B. Johnson
                                                                                      Intel Corp. (retired)
Richard Billo, Head                      Jim Poirot, Retired—CH2M HILL
Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering                                                Pete Johnson ’55
                                         Hal Pritchett, Retired—OSU Construction      TEKMAX Inc.
Belinda King, Head                       Engineering Management
Mechanical Engineering                                                                Martin Kelley ’50
                                         Scott R. Schroeder, Managing Member,         Peter Kiewit Sons’ Inc. (retired)
Andrew Klein, Head                       The SRS Group, LLC
Nuclear Engineering & Radiation Health                                                Paul Lorenzini PhD ’69
                                         David Skillern, Executive Vice President &
Physics                                  Chief Operating Officer, Proactive Medical   PacifiCorp (retired)
Melanie Marshall                         Technologies, Inc.                           Duane McDougall ’74
Director of Development                  Milton R. Smith, President, Smith            Willamette Industries (retired)
Karel Murphy                             Investments                                  Steve Nigro
Assistant for Administration             Jim Street, Retired—Shell Oil Company        Hewlett-Packard Company
                                         Jean Watson, Retired—Chevron                 Jim Poirot ’53
                                                                                      CH2M HILL (retired)
                                         Mike West, Vice President, Technology,
                                         Pixelworks                                   Judy Street ’64, Jim Street
                                                                                      Shell Oil Company (retired)
                                                                    Statistics
                                                                    Long Range Plan
                                                                      700                            4000                            450



                                                                                                     3500                            400
                                                                      600

                                                                                                                                     350
                                                                                                     3000
                                                                      500
                                                                                                                                     300                                  Top-25 Campaign
                                                                                                     2500                                                                 fundraising to date
                                                                      400
                                                                                                                                     250
                                                                                                     2000
                                                                                                                                                                                              $180 M
                                                                      300                                                            200

                                                                                                     1500
                                                                                                                                     150                                                       160
                                                                      200
                                                                                                     1000
                                                                                                                                     100

                                                                      100
                                                                                                                                                                                               140
                                                                                                     500
                                                                                                                                     50


                                                                      0                              0                               0
                                                                                                                                                                                               120
                                                                            ‘99   ‘03   ‘06   Goal          ‘99   ‘03   ‘06   Goal            ‘99   ‘03   ‘06   Goal

32
                                                                      Undergraduate Degrees          Undergraduate Enrollment        Top New Freshmen                                          100


                                                                                                                                                                                               80
                                                                     350                             1200                            $80 M
OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering 2003 Annual Report




                                                                                                                                                                          Public and
                                                                                                                                     70                                                        60
                                                                     300
                                                                                                     1000
                                                                                                                                                                       private funds
                                                                                                                                                                              raised
                                                                                                                                     60
                                                                     250                                                                                                                       40
                                                                                                     800
                                                                                                                                     5
                                                                     200                                                                                                                       20
                                                                                                     600                             40

                                                                     150
                                                                                                                                                                                               0
                                                                                                                                     30
                                                                                                                                                                                   ‘03 Goal
                                                                                                     400
                                                                     100
                                                                                                                                     20

                                                                                                     200
                                                                     50
                                                                                                                                     10


                                                                     0                               0                               0
                                                                            ‘99   ‘03   ‘06   Goal          ‘99   ‘03   ‘06   Goal            ‘99   ‘03   ‘06   Goal


                                                                      Graduate Degrees               Graduate Enrollment                 Research Expenditures
Faculty                                                    Engineering Graduates
Tenured and Tenure Track . . . . . . . 123                 Number of Alumni . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26,138
Non Tenured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9      Fundamentals of Engineering Exam Pass Rate . . . . . . . . 96%
                                                           (National Average = 82%)
Part-time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
                                                           Members of National Academy of Engineering. . . . . . . . . . 18
Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
                                                           Rhodes Scholar: Debra Walt Johnson, BS EE 1994
Professorships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Fellows of Professional
Societies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22   Accreditation                              Financial Information
Members of National                                        Accreditation Board for                    Total Revenue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $41 M
Academy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1    Engineering and Technology
                                                                                                      Expenditures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $41 M
Octave Levenspiel (Emeritus), NAE 2000
                                                                                                      Research Expenditures . . . . . . . $20 M
                                                           Internships
                                                           One-third of our B.S.                      New Grants & Contracts . . . . . . $18 M
Students                                                   graduates participate in a
                                                           cooperative experience
(Fall 2002)                                                involving two 6-month
Undergraduate Women . . . . . . . . . . 411                internships in industry.

Undergraduate Men . . . . . . . . . . . 2683
Master’s Women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
                                                           Research Centers and Institutes
Master’s Men . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330
Doctoral Women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25          • Advanced Thermal Hydraulics Research Lab
Doctoral Men. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144        • Center for Microtechnology-based Energy and Chemical Systems
                                                           • Center for Water and Environmental Sustainability
                                                           • Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research
Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3680
                                                           • Extension Energy Program
       Includes:                                           • Motor Systems Resource Facility
       New Freshmen . . . . . . . . . . . . 701            • Northwest Alliance for Computational Science and Engineering
       Women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523
                                                           • O.H. Hinsdale Wave Research Lab/Tsunami Wave Basin
       U.S. Minorities . . . . . . . . . . . . 507
       International . . . . . . . . . . . . . 493         • Oregon Metals Initiative
       Honors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190     • Oregon Space Grant Program
                                                           • Parallel Tools Consortium
                                                           • Radiation Center
                                                           • The Kiewit Center for Infrastructure and Transportation
                                                           • Western Region Hazardous Substances Research Center
Mission
Driven by a passion for knowl-
edge, the people of OSU
Engineering are fully committed
to developing extraordinary
engineers, creating powerful new
ideas from research, and fueling
innovation that is truly vision-
ary—all to build a better future
for Oregon and the world.
People. Ideas. Innovation
OSU College of Engineering




OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY
College of Engineering
101 Covell Hall
Corvallis, Oregon 97331-2409
Phone: 541.737.3101
Fax: 541.737.1805
Toll free: 1.877.257.5182
Email: info@engr.oregonstate.edu
Web: engr.oregonstate.edu

This publication produced by University Publications,
Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon
Photography: Frank Miller

The College's Annual Report is published each fall. The
printing cost per copy is approximately $2.50.

				
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