VIEWS: 16 PAGES: 2 POSTED ON: 2/12/2011
TRAVELLING IN SPACE Laika and Yuri The first living animal to be sent into space was a dog called Laika in 1957. The dog died during this flight. People have dreamt of travelling into space for hundreds of 4. South Africa’s own The first man to go into space was years. But it is only in the last 50 years that people have astronaut a Russian called Yuri Gargarin. He succeeded in travelling there. Mark Shuttleworth was the first orbited around the Earth in 1961. South African to travel into space. In 2002 he was launched 1. How the Space Shuttle developed into space from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. He A spaceship is used for travelling travelled in a Russian spaceship Fuel tank outside of the Earth’s atmosphere. called Soyuz TM-34. The first spaceships were launched using rockets which could not be Mark Shuttleworth’s family used again. They were left in watched the launch. Mark’s space and we have ‘space junk’ father said, …‘to see the flame which can never be used again. come out and the rocket hovering before take-off … the Booster rocket Later NASA in the United Sates of rocket looked horribly small. It America designed the Space Shuttles. was really quite horrifying’. Mark The Space Shuttles can be sent up into Shuttleworth said: ‘The re-entry space, and come back safely to Earth into the Earth’s atmosphere will to be used again. Using a spaceship be scary. You hit the atmosphere more than once is less expensive than at about 30 times the speed of leaving it in space. sound and temperatures are very high.’ 2. A spaceship with many uses Astronauts sit The Space Shuttle is like a laboratory for doing scientific experiments here In January 1986 in space. It also carries scientists to the International Space Station the Space Shuttle Payload cargo (ISS) and takes them back to Earth again. The Shuttle is also used to Challenger was bay with launch satellites for sending TV and radio signals to and from Earth. carrying seven satellite inside Satellites are also used for military purposes. The Shuttle has a large astronauts, including Doors to the room inside (called the payload bay) for carrying satellites. a schoolteacher, payload bay 3. Working in space when It exploded just after it was launched. When the Space Shuttle This picture tells the arrives in space the doors story … Tiles to protect open and the satellite the spacecraft is unloaded. The Space More recently, in 2003, SPACE from the heat Shuttle took astronauts the Space Shuttle SHUTTLE to the Hubble Space Columbia broke into Telescope to repair the pieces and burned up mirror in the telescope. when it re-entered the Rocket engines Earth’s atmosphere on RIGHT: View of the Space Shuttle Atlantis with its payload its way back to Earth. open, connected to Russia’s Mir All seven astronauts Space Station. on board were killed. NASA stands for: National Space and Aeronautics Administration (USA) Photographs: Nasa AfRICAN SkIES TRAVELLING IN SPACE ACTIVITy 3. Make and test a glider The stages in a journey of a Space Shuttle Learning area: Technology Make the best design for a plane that will glid e well When the Space Shuttle returns to Earth it glides down gently. The shape and wings are specially designed to make it glide, smo othly through the air. 1. Make a plane that can glide using any mat erials. 2. Test your plane and make any improvemen ts that you think are necessary. 3. Decide which plane design glides the best . 4. Can you think of a reason why one desi gn is better than another? Discuss this. ACTIVITy 1. Take a journey in a Space Shuttle ACTIVITy 4. Becoming an astronaut Learning area: Languages Learning area: Languages There are different stages in the flight of a Space Shuttle How and why Eileen Collins became an astronaut Sort the stages in the Space Shuttle’s journey into space. Eileen Collins was the first female commander on the Space Shuttle. She has 1. Read the sentences below (a–j), which show the stages in the flight of a Space Shuttle. spent more than 6 280 hours in 30 different types of aircraft. More than 537 Make the following three headings on a sheet of paper: of those hours were spent in space. I The launch She was a very shy person and did not enjoy sport at school. I The flight in orbit around the Earth 1. Read what she said about becoming an astronaut. I The return to Earth. 2. Sort the sentences below under the three main headings. Use the pictures to help you decide. ‘I have always loved flying, ever since I was a small child. My family a) The Shuttle lifts off into space. never had the money to get me flying lessons or even get me a ride b) The rocket boosters come away from the Shuttle. in an aeroplane. When I got a job at age 16 I started saving money. c) The empty external fuel tank falls away and burns up in the atmosphere. Eventually I took my savings to my local airport, at age 19, and I d) The rocket boosters fall into the sea, slowed down by parachutes. asked them to teach me how to fly. ... I’ve always been very interested e) The Shuttle leaves the Earth’s atmosphere and goes into orbit in space. in science, astronomy and geology, and the history of the space Commander Eileen Collins f) The Shuttle opens its doors to launch a satellite. programme. runs a flight check on the g) The Shuttle has its own rocket engines to move around in space and to return to Earth. Space Shuttle Columbia. Flying is a challenge, and I found it was something that I could do well … We’re a nation of h) The Shuttle re-enters Earth’s atmosphere. explorers. We are the kind of people who want to go out and learn new things, and I would say take i) The atmosphere slows the Shuttle down and it glides in to land. risks, but take calculated risks that are studied and understood.’ j) The runway is 4,5 km long. The Shuttle needs a parachute behind it to help it to stop. a) Then make a mind map about what kind of person would make a good astronaut. Think of what interests, skills, health and fitness, and what type of personality they must have. b) Imagine you are an astronaut waiting to be blasted into space. Write a short paragraph or poem about ACTIVIT y 2. What does how you feel. Learning area: Languages the Space Shuttle do? The Space Shuttle is us ed for many different ac a) …… it helps to build th B. When astronauts tra vel into space the spaces A. Combine the sentence tivities e International Space Sta tion. hip has to carry s in the lists below so th b) …… it can carry satellit everything that the astro 1. The Space Shuttle is at they make sense. es into orbit. nauts need in order to sta like a home because ….. c) …… astronauts can live carry: y alive. It has to in it. 2. The Space Shuttle is d) …… astronauts do expe I Oxygen, food and wa like a taxi because ….. riments on it. ter to support life. 3. The Space Shuttle is e) …… it carries astronaut I Fuel, batteries and so like a science laboratory s to the Space Station. lar power to supply energ because …... them back to Earth. Then, it brings spacecraft into space an y to launch the 4. The Space Shuttle is d keep it moving forward. like a delivery truck beca f) …… it can carry ma I Machinery, computers use …… ny people to space. and other equipment. 5. The Space Shuttle is like a building workshop g) …… astronauts can I It has to take all the because. travel to space in it. waste back to Earth after 6. The Space Shuttle is h) …… when it takes off have been living in the the astronauts like a rocket because … , it flies straight up with spaceship. .. a huge explosion of power. C. If you were going int o space what else would and explain why you wo you carry? Make a list 13 uld take those things.
"People have dreamt of travelling into space for hundreds of years "