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Issue 4, August 2010 E D WA R D I A N D E B AT E Current pupils dressed as 1908 debaters School will soon have the very first archives room However, he was challenged from the Floor in its history. As part of the preparation for this a when he claimed, “I am a scientific man and I number of presentations are being given in the know that woman’s brain weighs four ounces Stoppard Theatre, to which all are welcome. The less than that of man.” Crick, on a point of latest one, held on May 4th, explored some of information, stated that, “Mr Sterling is guilty of the discoveries and the fruits of recent research. technical inaccuracy. Woman’s brain, though Some of the subject matter was dramatised, and lighter than that of man, is much richer.” the liveliest item was the recreation of a debate held at school in 1908. Looking at the entrenched position taken by most of the boys one can only admire Mrs The first debating society was founded in 1894 Pankhurst and the Suffragettes all the more for and school magazines report the meetings, having to battle against such reactionary views. occasionally in considerable detail. This enabled It was ironic that in 1924, just eleven years after us to recreate a debate using only the words the last debate rejecting female suffrage, the given in the article. The boys discussed women’s nephew of Mrs Pankhurst came as a boarder to suffrage a number of times over the years, the Pocklington. He was Stephen Bach, son of an final one being in 1913, when it was defeated Austrian diplomat. His mother was Mrs by 22 votes to 8, almost exactly the same figures Pankhurst’s sister, and she too for a while was as in 1897 when the motion was first debated. imprisoned for her actions as a Suffragette. Whilst Stephen was at Pocklington his famous In spite of a staunch defence of votes for women aunt came to live with the family, and he was by Messrs Wardroper and Brown, the rhetoric of said to have been much influenced by her. Sterling and Turnbull carried the day. For the Hutton with his prefects Opposition Sterling maintained that, “Women have no brain power. They were never intended to think, or to cultivate their brain which could A R C H I VE A P P E A L U P- D AT E never conceive anything great, being intended Thank you to parents, OPs, governors, staff, information about the appeal or you would like rather for the house than for the House”. The former parents, former staff and other to make a donation please contact Rachel Dare report states that there were tears and cries of supporters who have contributed to the archive in the Pocklington 500 Office: Shame! from the back when Sterling asserted, appeal so far by either making a donation or by “Their attempt to obtain votes is merely an attending (or hosting) one of the Pocklington firstname.lastname@example.org or visit advanced stage of their eagerness to copy men 500 events that have been organised to help www.justgiving.com/project-archive-1514 in dress, sports, and alas too often in vice”. raise funds. To date just over 30% of the which is the Just Giving page for the appeal. £50,000 target amount has been raised which is an excellent start. If you would like more PAT R O N S We are delighted to announce that a College since 2007. The school’s foundation and a J.P. Lord Halifax has been a close supporter number of friends of Pocklington School charter is held in the college library and is a of the school over many years. Foundation have kindly accepted the testament to the long and active relationship Headmaster’s invitation to become a between school and college. The Very Reverend Keith Jones, Dean of York. patron. In the early years of the school’s foundation the Mr Brian Fenwick-Smith is an OP, Dean was one of the few individuals who could The Honourable Mrs Susan Cunliffe-Lister, entrepreneur and school benefactor. He has discipline the Headmaster of Pocklington School! Lord Lieutenant of East Yorkshire, was the assisted the school in ‘masterplanning’ recent In 2007 the school choir was invited by the guest of honour at our prizegiving in 2009. She developments to the campus and his generosity Minster to take part in its Wilberforce was appointed High Sheriff in East Yorkshire in allowed the school to build a very fine and much celebrations and in the time ahead we 2001, the first woman to hold this office since admired senior boys’ boarding house. hope to strengthen the friendship. its origin in Anglo Saxon times. Fenwick-Smith House was opened in 2007. We thank each of them for their support and Professor Christopher Dobson is professor of The Right Honourable the Earl of Halifax is look forward to their involvement in our Chemical and Structural Biology at the University a Governor of Pocklington School Foundation celebrations. of Cambridge, and has been Master of St John’s and a Deputy Lord Lieutenant for East Yorkshire. Lord Halifax is also High Steward of York Minster Andrew Dawes MAN. To show a dove above a man would be a more satisfying rebus. In a letter to the school in 1950, the Chester Herald reported that “the original Grant of Arms to John Dowman has been traced… The arms are blazoned as follows: Azure a fesse dancette between eight garbs or, banded gules, on the fesse three doves of the field beaked and membered.” That is a blue field with a gold zigzag between eight gold wheat sheaves with red bands round them. On the zigzag three doves in their natural colours, with beaks and feet. Almost the same information has come from an early document seen by the school: Azure on a fesse dancette between eight garbs or three birds close of the field beaked and membered gules. Crest on a bezant a bird as in the arms. In addition, therefore, we learn that the birds’ feet and beaks were red, and that there was also a crest - a bird on a gold coin. The latter is certainly different from the crest shown on most other examples of the family’s coat of arms. T H E F O U N DER’S COAT OF ARMS In an attempt to sort out the school’s use of The recent discovery of the school’s Foundation However, the arms in the Foundation Document the Dolman heraldry, Alan Heaven was asked Document of 1514 in St. John’s College Library show three birds on the fess. These birds are to examine the subject and produce a report. was an event of great significance for us. A doves, and in the days before regularised He drew these three conclusions: report of the document was given in the last spelling, the family used a number of variants 1. The arms which the school presently uses, issue of ‘Pocklington 500’. The majority of the for their name: Dowman, Dolman, Dowlman in various corrupted forms, are those of text is in Latin, and this has been painstakingly and Doveman. It could be that this was the the Dolman family. translated by two OPs, David Stather and Keith version of the family arms created by our 2. The arms are not those of the founder, Walls. Founder as his own. John Dowman. One intriguing aspect of the document is the Did he himself draw this sketch? If the coat of 3. The school has been using arms to which carefully ruled off blank square near the end. arms had been granted to his father, or was it has no right and has no grant of arms of Into this space at some point a coat of arms even earlier, was John Dowman seeking to its own. has been drawn. The drawing is amateurish and produce a difference in the customary way? The hurried – so very different from the beautiful space in the document certainly looks as though He added that “The closing line must be that the and assured script used throughout. In one it has been left for a coat of arms, but it has not school should petition for new arms”. The 500th significant way the arms differ from the version been professionally, or even competently, drawn. anniversary would seem to be a good time to do the school uses. But first it might be useful to The four garbs below the awkwardly drawn fess so. There is, however, a cost to such an initiative, look at the arms we use today. are not spaced evenly as they are in all other and we have been advised it would be in the versions. In 2007 the Somerset Herald wrote to the school region of £5,000. We will add this suggestion to confirming the Dowman arms as ‘azure, a fess One intriguing detail is the smiley face added to our wish list, a list we are soon going to need to dancetty between eight garbs or banded gules’. the left-hand side garb. Could this be Dowman put in order of priority. This means a blue background to the shield with trying to create a rebus, that is a pictorial play on gold zigzag across the middle and eight wheat his name - Dove - man? An account of the Copies of the full text of Alan Heaven’s sheaves, four above the zigzag, four below, each school written in the nineteenth century says paper, ‘A Survey of the Heraldry of of them with a red band around it. that in the early 1800s there was a rebus on one Pocklington School’, can be obtained of the beams - below the three doves the letters on request. F R O M T H E A R C H I VE S In setting up the new archives room we are not former railway clock in Lyndhurst, stained glass very much like to find – if it still exists. That is the concentrating solely on the written word. Other in the Chapel and Music School, and so on. handsome lectern designed by OP Alan Foxley, aspects of the school’s heritage are being added who was architect for what was then the school to the collections and cared for. Early photographs show other pieces that we assembly hall. From information we have have so far been unable to trace. For example, gleaned so far the lectern might have atrophied A catalogue of other items is being prepared quite a number of fittings the school acquired gradually over the years until the last fragment – and will be useful when regular checks are when the railway station was purchased can’t the slope at the top – was also discarded. Or made. Most of these possessions are spread now be identified. could there be a different, and happy, ending to throughout the school – portraits mainly in the our search? We would like to hear from anyone Library and Gruggen Room for instance, the We illustrate one piece of furniture we would who might be able to help. M O R E B I R T H D AY P R E S E NT S Last year we expressed our thanks to David Stather (OP 1949-1957) for his kind gift of a valuable Wilberforce letter to the school archive. Similarly we acknowledged with gratitude the gift of a beautiful Georgian school desk from Ian Turner (former parent). We have since received two further delightful presents both from Darrell Buttery (Governor) and, sparing his blushes, I want to take this opportunity to express our appreciation to him on behalf of the school. His first gift is a panel of stained glass now hanging in a window of the school chapel. The panel shows the parable of the talents and is by Harry Stammers who is well known as one of the twentieth century’s finest stained glass artists. The second donation is a bisque figure of William Wilberforce seated cross-legged in an Do visit the chapel when you are next in armchair, and after the famous painting by Pocklington and do take time to see the glorious Richmond which it copies in some details. colour, rich fabrics and distinctive drawings. He holds his eyeglass in his right hand against In particular look out for the curiously modern his chest. A pile of books underneath cleverly figure digging to bury his talents. When supports the figure. By his foot lies a scroll compared to a photograph of Stammers it is inscribed ‘Abolition slave bill’. It is said by clear that this is a self-portrait – a nice touch of Bonham’s to be by Minton c.1840. It is currently humour given the reality of how he very much on display with other Wilberforce memorabilia used his talents and how they are displayed in within the library. churches and cathedrals all over the world. Andrew Dawes A N E L I Z A B ETHAN MYSTERY: PART 1 EDWARD FAIRFAX (OP 1579-80) Sometime in the year 1579, during the indictment against Katherine Howard, 5th From Pocklington Edward went up to Gonville Mastership of Anthony Ellison, a member of Queen of Henry VIII, on charges of adultery. and Caius’ College, Cambridge in October 1580 a powerful Yorkshire family was admitted to as a ‘pensioner’ or ‘commoner’. Caius at that Pocklington School. He was Edward Fairfax, born Edward was first cousin of Sir Thomas Fairfax time was a hotbed of popery attracting the at Bilbrough near York in c.1565 and one of the “the younger” (later 1st Baron Fairfax of notice and concern of the authorities. Of the eight children of Henry Fairfax and Dorothy née Cameron) who would become the father and Master, Dr. Legge, the Archbishop of York Aske. grandfather respectively of the two great complained to Cecil in 1582 that “all the popish Parliamentary Generals of the Civil War, gentlemen in this country (i.e. county) send their His maternal forebears included John, Lord Ferdinando (2nd Baron) and Sir Thomas sons to him.” At Lent 1581 an ‘Edward Farfax’ Clifford, characterised by the Tudor historians Fairfax (3rd Baron). matriculated as a ‘fellow commoner’ from Clare and Shakespeare as the murderer of the young College. Whether this was the same person Earl of Rutland, brother of Edward IV and Edward had been attending Coxwold School moving from one College to another (a not Richard III, in 1460. Robert Aske, the Yorkshire for eighteen months before his admission to unusual practice then) or another Edward Fairfax Leader of “The Pilgrimage of Grace” against Pocklington. The reason for this move at the age cannot be established. Henry VIII, who was hanged in chains of 14 is not of course known. Maybe it was at York in 1537, was his mother’s great uncle. because his elder brother Gabriel left Coxwold at The next record of Edward is in the Visitation of the same time to go up to Cambridge. In the Yorkshire of 1584-5 by Robert Glover, Somerset His paternal forebears included Sir Guy Fairfax, early 1570’s Pocklington had been a flourishing Herald, in which he is recorded (incorrectly) as an eminent Judge and a Yorkist, who had fought school with 140 boys attending, but academic Henry’s ‘second’ son. After that he disappears on the opposite side to Clifford at the bloody standards were failing towards the end of completely. There are records of every one of Battle of Towton in 1461 and had survived. Ellison’s mastership which lasted from c.1558 Henry’s children except Edward after that date. Edward’s grandfather, Sir William Fairfax, High to 1581. It would be natural to assume that he died Sheriff of Yorkshire, had in his youth carried off a unmarried some time after 1584: but did he? rich and beautiful young heiress, Isobel An essential qualification would have been That question will be addressed in a further Thwaites, from a nunnery at Nun Appleton. She Pocklington’s strong Catholic sympathies at that article. would become Edward’s grandmother and Sir time. Edward’s parents were Catholic recusants William would feature in five cases in the Court and a list compiled in 1572 for Sir William Cecil (To be continued) of Star Chamber which involved complaints had noted Thomas Dolman of Pocklington and against him, as High Sheriff, of lawlessness and Robert Aske of Aughton (Edward’s maternal David Stather (OP 1949 - 1957) oppression. Later, in 1541, Sir William sat on grandfather) as being “Lesse Evill” among the (This article is based on a larger paper by David the grand jury which found a true bill of Catholics. Stather, a copy of which is in the School Library.) DINNERS The event began with drinks on the lawn and then the party moved into the astonishingly Instead of a dinner, the next grand chapel for an introduction to the house Pocklington 500 event will be: and its former owners. An evening of music, theatre and discovery at A superb five-course dinner was served to 70 people in three of the great reception rooms, the sixth form cabaret team visiting each one in turn to perform their light-hearted look at the school Yor k M erchant in Edwardian times. The event raised just over £2000 towards the school archive appeal. Adventurers’ Hall The first of the fundraising dinners in fine houses Our thanks go to all who helped to make the was given a trial run at Knavesmire Lodge, York, evening so successful, especially to the Guests The finest surviving Medieval Guildhall in Europe in March, and was judged a great success by for coping with such an invasion so cheerfully. Wednesday 15th September, 7.00pm, those attending. After a lively reception in the Tickets £15.00 each Regency drawing room, guests moved through to the dining room, designed by Walter Brierley, Pimms and Jazz Reception on the lawn the architect responsible for much of the older followed by entertainment in the Great part of school. Here, Darrell Buttery gave an Hall featuring Pocklington School’s introduction to the house and its history. performance of the famous Merchant Adventurers’ Mystery Play, ‘The Last The sixth form cabaret team, who entertained Judgement’ and musical items from guests so well after dinner, also did a splendid current pupils. job as waiters. The exceptional main course was For tickets contact Rachel Dare prepared on the spot by Andrew D’Arcy and Tel: 01759 321307 Gwen Walton, with delicious soup and desserts email: email@example.com provided by Jill Atkinson, and the host providing the other two courses. Sales of antiques contributed another £200 to the total of £1400 Contacting us: If you’d like to be in touch with raised. us about any aspect of the 500th, then please contact Rachel Dare at Pocklington School, The second fundraising dinner was held at West Green, Pocklington YO42 2NJ, magnificent Everingham Park, a Grade I listed Tel: 01759 321307, Georgian mansion by John Carr of York. The e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org owners of the house, Pocklington parents Helen and Philip Guest, gave those attending a Newsletter edited by: Darrell Buttery, memorable evening. e-mail: email@example.com The Pocklington School Foundation - Registered Charity No 529834
"Pocklington 500 Issue 4 - Pock 500 ed.4 - outer low"