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					                                                                                 ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                             Subject Code: FACS3




Level 2 Certificate in


Principles of Aviation First Aid



Specification




QCA Accreditation Number:                               100/4333/0

QCA Accreditation Start Date: 01/09/2004
QCA Accreditation End Date: 31/08/2010
QCA Certification End Date: 31/08/2011




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                                                                                 ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                             Subject Code: FACS3




ASCENTIS’ MISSION STATEMENT

‘BUILDING PARTNERSHIPS TO ADVANCE AND ACCREDIT LIFELONG LEARNING FOR ALL.’


About Ascentis

Ascentis was originally established in 1975 as OCNW, a co-operative scheme between Universities and
Colleges of Further Education. OCNW was the first ‘Open College’ in the UK and served the needs of its
members for over 34 years. Throughout this period, OCNW grew yet maintained its independence in order that
it could continue to respond to the requirements of its customers and provide a consistently high standard of
service to all centres across the country and in recent years to its increasing cohorts of overseas learners.

In 2009 OCNW became Ascentis - a company limited by guarantee and a registered educational charity.

Ascentis is distinctive and unusual in that it is both:

         a National Awarding Body (NAB) approved by the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA)

             and

         an Access Validating Agency (AVA) for ‘Access to HE Programmes’ licensed by the Quality Assurance
          Agency for Higher Education (QAA)

Ascentis is therefore able to offer a comprehensive ladder of opportunities to centres and their students,
starting at Entry Level basic skills or vocational programmes and progressing to QAA recognised Access to
HE qualifications. The flexible and adult-friendly ethos of Ascentis has resulted in centres throughout the UK
choosing to run its qualifications.


Ascentis Contact Details

Ascentis
West Lodge
Quernmore Road
Lancaster
LA1 3JT

Tel: 01524 845046
E-mail: Info@Ascentis.co.uk
www.ascentis.co.uk




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                                                                                 ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                             Subject Code: FACS3




TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                                         PAGE
SPECIFICATION SUMMARY ______________________________________________________ 4
Introduction _____________________________________________________________________ 4
Specification Overview ____________________________________________________________ 4
Assessment and Moderation Arrangements ___________________________________________ 4

BACKGROUND INFORMATION ____________________________________________________ 5
Rationale _______________________________________________________________________                                                     5
Aims __________________________________________________________________________                                                       5
Objectives ______________________________________________________________________                                                     5
Target Group ___________________________________________________________________                                                      5
Award of the Qualification __________________________________________________________                                                 6
Recommended Guided Learning Hours _______________________________________________                                                     6
Restriction on Learner Entries ______________________________________________________                                                 6
Recommended Prior Learning _____________________________________________________                                                      6
Opportunities for Progression _______________________________________________________                                                 6
Centre Approval and Registration ___________________________________________________                                                  7
Spiritual, Moral, Ethical, Social, Legislative, Economic and Cultural Issues ___________________                                      7
Mapping to National Standards and legal requirements __________________________________                                               7
Key Skills Opportunities ___________________________________________________________                                                  7
Status in Wales and Northern Ireland _________________________________________________                                                7
Learners with Particular Assessment Requirements _____________________________________                                                7
Appeals Procedure _______________________________________________________________                                                     7
ASSESSMENT AND MODERATION ARRANGEMENTS ________________________________                                                               8
Overview ______________________________________________________________________                                                       8
Internal Assessment ______________________________________________________________                                                    8
Internal Moderation _______________________________________________________________                                                   8
External Moderation ______________________________________________________________                                                    8
Knowledge, Understanding and Skills required of Assessors and Internal Moderators __________                                          8
Ascentis Coordinator _____________________________________________________________                                                    9
UNIT SPECIFICATIONS __________________________________________________________                                                        10
Unit 1 Essential skills in aviation first aid ______________________________________________                                          10
Unit 2 Understanding signs and symptoms in aviation first aid _____________________________                                           11
Unit 3 Understanding minor in-flight medical conditions __________________________________                                            12
Unit 4 Understanding major in-flight medical conditions __________________________________                                            13
Unit 5 Understanding on aircraft medical equipment _____________________________________                                              14
Appendix 1 Summary Record of Achievement __________________________________________                                                   16
Appendix 2 Tracking Sheet ________________________________________________________                                                    17
Appendix 3 Tracking to the national occupational standards _______________________________                                            22
Appendix 4 Resources needed _____________________________________________________                                                     23
Appendix 5 Summary of key skills opportunities ________________________________________                                               24
Appendix 6 Cabin Crew incident/accident record ________________________________________                                               25
Appendix 7 Aircraft cabin diagram ___________________________________________________                                                 26




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                                                                            ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                        Subject Code: FACS3




  SPECIFICATION SUMMARY

Introduction

The Ascentis Level 2 Certificate in Principles of Aviation First Aid is a vocationally related qualification
(VRQ) that introduces the knowledge, understanding and skills that specifically relate to Aviation First Aid.

This qualification was developed to comply with the requirements of the Qualifications and Curriculum
Authority (QCA) and to map against Aviation Operations in Air – Cabin Crew.

This qualification is part of a suite of airline employment qualifications offered by Ascentis. Other
qualifications within the suite include Airport Customer Service Agent and the Air Cabin Crew Skills. It is
the aim of the suite of airline programmes to ensure that learners have developed skills to meet basic airline
occupations entry requirements and to have developed an understanding of the airline industry so that they
can make an informed decision, on whether they wish to pursue a career within the industry.

Structure of the Award

  Unit                                                                                                   External or Internal           Mandatory or
                    Unit Title
  Number                                                                                                 Assessment                     optional Units
     1              Essential Skills in Aviation First Aid                                               Internal Assessment            Mandatory
                    Understanding Signs and Symptoms in
        2                                                                                                Internal Assessment            Mandatory
                    Aviation First Aid
                    Understanding Minor In-Flight Medical
        3                                                                                                Internal Assessment            Mandatory
                    Conditions
                    Understanding Major In-Flight Medical
        4                                                                                                Internal Assessment            Mandatory
                    Conditions
        5           Understanding On-Aircraft Medical Equipment                                          Internal Assessment            Mandatory

For the full award the learner must complete all five units. Unit certification is available.

Assessment and Moderation Arrangements

To achieve a unit all the assessment criteria within the unit must be achieved and evidence available.

To achieve the full award Units 1, 2 and 3 must be assessed through internal assessment whereby
candidates build up a portfolio of evidence demonstrating that they have met each of the assessment
criteria within the ‘What you need to do’ section of the unit specification.

Internal and external moderation are a requirement for all units.




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                                                                            ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                        Subject Code: FACS3



  BACKGROUND INFORMATION


Rationale

The airline industry is very competitive and research has shown over many years that the most successful
applicants at interviews are those who have had thorough and specific preparation for airline occupation
and training. It has acted as a catalyst for many students in selecting a future career and in developing the
personal qualities required. This air cabin crew qualification assists the learner to make an informed career
decision.

Many key UK and overseas airlines have interviewed and employed learners who have completed the
Ascentis programmes. Many of these applicants had previously been unsuccessful mainly because they
did not understand the roles, duties and standards of work within the airline industry.

This programme uses both the theoretical principles of first aid as well as a practical approach to putting
theory into practice in realistic airline scenarios.

Aims

1     To introduce the learner to the knowledge, understanding and skills expected of aviation staff that
      administer First Aid.
2     To provide knowledge of the work requirements and skills needed for selection by the main airlines as a
      prospective employee.
3     To provide an opportunity to raise skills to the required level for application for airline training and
      employment
4     To allow prospective airline employees the opportunity to see if they possess adequate basic and
      personal skills for application to an airline
5     To provide a marker of suitability for employment in the aviation industry

Objectives

1       To identify the key differences between first aid on the ground and the conditions and injuries that can
        occur in the air
2       To acquaint the learner with the key words, phrases, equipment and actions associated with aviation
        first aid.
3       To acquaint the learner with the location of key first aid materials and equipment in an aircraft cabin
4       To acquaint the learner with the key responses for first aid and requests for medical advice
5       To acquaint the learner with the key responses to major medical conditions and injuries
6       To acquaint the learner with the key responses to minor medical conditions and injuries
7       To operate and employ first aid equipment and materials
8       The learner is given the opportunity to acquire information about airlines, airports and general aviation
        knowledge.
9       The particular interpersonal skills required for working for an airline are explained and assessed
        through role-play and simulation.
10      The requirements of working under the pressures typical of the airline industry are assessed through
        tests and demonstrations.
11      The minimum level of communicative skills required by an airline and within the national standards is
        assessed through the threshold of assessment within various written tasks.
12      The programme provides fundamental employability skills within a specific context
13      The programme provides confidence and information for those who are planning a career move into
        the aviation industry.

Target Group

This qualification is aimed at young people aged 14+ and adults who are interested in a career within the
airline industry.




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                                                                            ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                        Subject Code: FACS3


Award of the Qualification

This qualification is offered at Level 2. To achieve the full award a learner must complete all five units. The
certificate will state:


                                          Ascentis Certificate in Principles of Aviation First Aid
                                                                  (Level 2)

A learner may also achieve unit certification for individual unit/s. In this case the certificate will state the
unit/s of the qualification achieved.

QCA Qualification Accreditation Number

100/4333/0

QCA Qualification Accredited Units Numbers

    Unit Title                                                                                                       QCA Unit Number

    Unit 01           Essential Skills in Aviation First Aid                                                                     J/102/6285

    Unit 02           Understanding Signs and Symptoms in Aviation First Aid                                                     L/102/6286

    Unit 03           Understanding Minor In-Flight Medical Conditions                                                           R/102/6287

    Unit 04           Understanding Major In-Flight Medical Conditions                                                           Y/102/6288

    Unit 05           Understanding On-Aircraft Medical Equipment                                                                D/102/6289


Recommended Guided Learning Hours

The recommended guided learning hours for this qualification is 90.

Restriction on Learner Entries

There are no restrictions on learner entries.

Recommended Prior Learning

There are no restrictions on entry to this qualification. The basic requirement is a demonstration of the
ability of the learner to benefit from the programme of study. Tutors are advised that the learner’s literacy
skills should be sufficient in order to be able to cope with the demands of the course and the assessment
requirements. In particular learners will be learning to communicate directly with the public, therefore their
skills in literacy and numeracy should be sufficient to support them in this work or developed alongside
working towards this qualification.

Ascentis-accredited programmes at Level 1 in Air Cabin Crew, Principals of First Aid, and Airport Customer
Service Agents are available. A learner not ready for a Level 2 programme may benefit from first completing
the Level 1qualification before going on the level 2 qualification of the same title. Please contact the
Ascentis office for further details of these programmes.

Opportunities for Progression

        The programme provides progression to airline employment with training
        Successful learners can progress to a number of level 3 airline-related qualifications
        The programme can be used as one of the qualifications, along with further level 3 qualifications for
         entry to higher levels of study, e.g. under-graduate study in Travel and Tourism
        Ascentis-accredited short programmes are available that can provide additionality when studied
         alongside this qualification. Titles of these short programmes include; Airline and Airport Careers;
         Airline Baggage Handlers; Airline Food Hygiene, Health and Safety; Airline Grooming, Appearance
         and Lifestyle; Airline Interview Techniques; Airline Welcome; The Role of Airport Ground Handling.
         Please contact the Ascentis office for further details of these programmes.
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Centre Approval and Registration

Centres must be approved to run this qualification. Details of the centre approval process are available
from the Ascentis office.
All learners must be registered within two weeks of the course commencing, using the Student
Information Record Sheet (SIRS).

Social, Moral, Ethical, Environmental and Cultural Issues

This qualification provides opportunities for learners to explore moral, ethical, environmental and cultural
issues as they relate to work in airline-related occupations. There are a number of issues that could be
raised and discussed during the course of study:

     An understanding of spiritual, moral, ethical, social and cultural issues;
     Awareness of environmental issues, and health and safety considerations;
     European developments, consistent with relevant international agreements, (particularly those that
      relate to transportation and travel, customs and excise, immigration and visa controls).

For example within the Ascentis Level 2 Certificate in Principles of Aviation First Aid Skills qualification
learners should explore, as a minimum, the following issues:

     Differences in dealing with customers from diverse cultures, with particular reference to gender-specific
      differences
     Checking equipment is sterile and safe within recommended and legal standards
     Differences in dealing with conflicts relating to customers from diverse cultures
     Communicating with customers from diverse cultures
     Providing medical assistance to customers from diverse cultures.

Mapping to National Standards and Legal Requirements

This qualification is mapped to the Go Skills National Occupation Standards for Aviation Operations in Air –
Cabin Crew. This qualification is in line with Resuscitation Council (UK) Guidelines (2005). It is also mapped
to the Skills for Health Standards EUSC17 Manage emergency situations that occur as a result of a EUSC
intervention, 2005.

Appendix 3 shows how units are mapped to specific parts of the standards.

Learners of this qualification should also be aware of The Health and Safety (First-Aid) Regulations 1981.
These regulations require employers to provide adequate and appropriate equipment, facilities and
personnel to enable first aid to be given to employees if they are injured or become ill at work. These
Regulations apply to all workplaces including those with five or fewer employees and to the self-employed.

Key Skills Opportunities

Learners following a course based on this specification can be offered opportunities to develop and
generate evidence of achievement in aspects of all the Key Skills. Appendix 5 shows a summary of Key
Skills opportunities within each unit.

Status in Wales and Northern Ireland

This qualification is available in English only.
Learners with Particular Assessment Needs
Ascentis has procedures in accordance with the Statutory Regulations of External Qualifications 2004
(QCA) to ensure this qualification is accessible and does not disadvantage a learner with a particular need.
Full details of this procedure are available within the Foundation Co-ordinator’s Information File or through
contacting the Ascentis office. Learners need to be made aware of this procedure.
Appeals Procedure
Ascentis has an appeals procedure in accordance with the Statutory Regulations of External Qualifications
2004 (QCA). Full details of this procedure, including how to make an application, are available within the
Foundation Information File or through contacting the Ascentis office. Learners need to be made aware of
this procedure.
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ASSESSMENT AND MODERATION ARRANGEMENTS

Overview

To achieve a unit all the assessment criteria must be achieved, covering the evidence indicators as detailed
within each unit.

For the full award all five units must be achieved. All Units are assessed through internal assessment.
.Internal and external moderation is a requirement for all units. The assessor is required to complete a
Summary record of Achievement for each learner.

The centre must retain evidence of assessments for 4 weeks after the date of the moderation in case of
appeal.

All assessment must be conducted in accordance with the Statutory Regulation of External Qualifications
2004 (QCA).

Internal Assessment

Internal assessment will be through the building up of a portfolio of evidence to demonstrate that all the
assessment criteria within the units have been met. Portfolios could include a variety of evidence to
demonstrate that the assessment criteria have been met. Examples of evidence that could be included are:

            Observation record
            Record of questions and discussions
            Tape recordings
            Video
            Witness or peer testimony
            Written notes, completed worksheets.

A learner’s evidence must be organised and presented in a portfolio containing a front tracking sheet for
each unit, tracking each assessment criteria to the evidence within the portfolio.

Internal Moderation

Internal moderation is the process of ensuring that everyone who assesses a particular unit in a centre is
assessing to the same standards. Internal moderation will be co-ordinated by a named Foundation Co-
ordinator at each centre, who will liaise with Ascentis. The Foundation Co-ordinator may also act as the
Internal Moderator. Internal moderation will be carried out through standardisation activities including the
internal moderation of 10% of portfolio evidence across all the groups of students, to include all the
assessors and the full range of units. It is the responsibility of Internal Moderators to ensure that all
assessors’ decisions are sampled and monitored to ensure consistency and fairness. Internal Moderators
are also responsible for supporting assessors by offering advice and guidance.

The Ascentis Foundation Information File has copies of forms that can be used to record internal
moderation activities, although centre-devised forms can also be used.

Ascentis External Moderators will confirm the Internal Moderation activities at their visit.

External Moderation

Accredited centres will normally be visited twice a year for external moderation. The focus of the external
moderation visits will include:

            Staff development, including guidance and support to assessors and internal moderators
            Moderation of a sample of the learners’ evidence
            Confirmation of coverage of all the assessment criteria and units needed for unit certification or the
             full award.




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                                                                            ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                        Subject Code: FACS3



Knowledge, Understanding and Skills required of Assessors and Internal Moderators

Assessors of this qualification should have a knowledge and understanding of the airline industry together
with competence in the skills outlined in this specification and ideally they should hold a valid ‘First aid at
Work qualification.’ The skills may be gained either through previous work experience or through
placements in the industry. The delivery of the knowledge required within this qualification should be carried
out by qualified teachers or those working towards a teaching qualification.

Internal Moderators need to be competent assessors with a knowledge of the requirements of the internal
moderation process. Ascentis provides training events for internal moderators and any person new to this
role would be advised to go on an Ascentis training event.

Ascentis Co-ordinator

Each centre must provide a named person to co-ordinate entries, collect fees, and agree moderation
arrangements and liaise with Ascentis on behalf of centre tutors and learners.

This person must also represent the centre in ensuring that action required on the basis of moderation
reports is carried out to the satisfaction of Ascentis.




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                                                                            ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
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                                                                                                                              UNIT SPECIFICATION
UNIT 1 ESSENTIAL SKILLS IN AVIATION FIRST AID

Introduction

This unit introduces the core skills in first aid, particularly as they apply to the aviation industry. The unit
examines the effects on the human body of flying at high altitude. The key aims of aviation first aid are
identified. The leaner will find out how to carry out first aid medical checks. They will learn about the signs to
look for as evidence of decompression.

This unit is assessed through internal assessment.


WHAT YOU NEED TO LEARN

      Understand the physiological effects of flying at high altitude on the human body
      Know the key aims of aviation first aid
      Knowledge of medical checks that need to be carried out in an first aid situation
      Understand the effects of Hypoxia and what action should be taken and the first aid remedy.

What You Need to Do

    Assessment Criteria                      Evidence Indicators
    1.1 Describe the                         To include:
        physiological                         The composition of the gases that humans require to support life to include
        effects of flying at                     reference to oxygen and nitrogen
        altitude on the                       The effects of altitude on the composition, consistency and availability of
        human body                               respiratory gases
                                              Periods of sustainable consciousness in decompressed cabins at varying
                                                 altitudes
                                              The TWO key physiological effects of flying at altitude, to include the effects
                                                 of reduction in atmospheric pressure and temperature
                                              Identify and list the main signs of a decompression
                                              The automated responses to decompression by modern aircraft
                                              Identify vulnerable passengers in a decompression
    1.2 List and identify                    To include:
        some of the key                       How to preserve life (check ABC), prevent Deterioration.
        aims of aviation                      place in appropriate position) and promote recovery (relieve
        First Aid                                anxiety/discomfort)
                                              Assessment of an aviation first aid situation
                                              When to summon help-call for Senior Cabin Crew Member
                                              How to encourage a casualty to speak to cabin crew
                                              How to recognise a conscious casualty
                                              How to deal with different types of passengers and crew members
                                              Legal limits on medical care and first aid
    1.3 Know the medical                     To include:
        checks that need                      Where relevant assess the danger to self and others
        to be applied in a                    Signs e.g. bleeding, colour etc.,
        first aid situation                   Symptoms e.g. nausea, dizziness
                                              External Clues including hospital appointment cards, medical bracelet, SOS
                                                 Talisman, medication
                                              Medical History
                                              Recovery Position (and modified recovery position)
    1.4 Identify the main                    To include reference to:
        types of
        decompression                           Two main types of decompression.
        and first aid action                    Cause of Hypoxia-reduction in oxygen to brain/body
        required to assist                      Two signs of hypoxia
        passengers                           Portable oxygen
                                             Aircraft altitude

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UNIT 2 UNDERSTANDING SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS IN AVIATION FIRST AID

Introduction

This unit covers those aspects of human anatomy and physiology that relate to common medical conditions
encountered by aviation professionals. The learner will become familiar with the signs and symptoms for a
range of common aviation first aid conditions and injuries. The key effects of hypoxia are explored together
with looking at how the effects may be reduced. The signs of decompression within an aircraft will be taught.

This unit is assessed through internal assessment.


WHAT YOU NEED TO LEARN

     Know the location and names of common bones of the body
     Know the location, names and functions of common body organs
     Know the signs and symptoms for a range of common aviation first aid conditions and injuries
     Understand the effects of Deep Vein Thrombosis and how the problem may be reduced.

What You Need to Do

    Assessment Criteria                           Evidence Indicators
    2.1 Identify the location                     To include:
        and names of                              Cranium, mandible, clavicle, scapula, ribcage, sternum, spine, humerus,
        common bones of the                       ulna, radius, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges, pelvis, femur, patella, tibia,
        body                                      fibula, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges
    2.2 Identify the location,                    To include:
        names and function                        Heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, spleen
        of common body
        organs
    2.3 Correctly identify the                    To include reference to the following first aid conditions, injuries and
        Signs & Symptoms                          responses:
        from a range of
        common aviation first                           Scalds/Burns
        aid conditions and                              Earache
        injuries.                                       Hypoglycaemia
                                                        Angina Pectoris
                                                        Shock
                                                        Epilepsy
                                                        Food Poisoning
                                                        Hysteria
                                                        Stroke
                                                        Childbirth
                                                        Hyperventilating
    2.4 Identify the key
                                                  To include reference to :
         causes of Deep vein
         Thrombosis (DVT)                         swelling of the calf - this is usually different from the mild ankle swelling that
         and the signs,                           many people get during long haul flights for example
         symptoms and action
         required.                                            pain in the calf

                                                              calf pain that is noticeable, or worse when standing or walking
                                                              Movement of toes and ankles




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UNIT 3 UNDERSTANDING MINOR IN-FLIGHT MEDICAL CONDITIONS

Introduction

In this unit the learner will learn about some of the minor medical conditions and injuries that may occur in-
flight. The learner will learn the appropriate action and advice needed. The learner will complete typical
paperwork that needs to be filled in by cabin crew staff to report a medical condition or injury occurring on-
board.

This unit is assessed through internal assessment.



WHAT YOU NEED TO LEARN

     Be able to demonstrate the action and appropriate advice needed in a range of minor medical injuries
     Be able to demonstrate the action and appropriate advice needed in a range of minor medical conditions
     Be able to complete typical paperwork that needs to be filled in by air cabin crew.

What You Need to Do

 Assessment Criteria                                 Evidence Indicators

 3.1 Demonstrate the action                          To include reference:
     and appropriate advice                           Sprain & strains
     needed in minor medical                          Minor wound
     injuries                                         Foreign body in eye
                                                      Bleeding

 3.2 Complete typical                                ONE example from 3.1
     paperwork to report                             (See appendix 6 for exemplar report form)
     minor medical injury

 3.3 Demonstrate the action                          To include reference to:
     and appropriate advice
     needed in minor                                       Earache
     medical conditions                                    Air sickness
                                                           Heat exhaustion
                                                           Nose bleed
 3.4 Complete typical                                ONE example from 3.3
     paperwork to report                             See appendix 6 for exemplar report form
     minor medical condition




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UNIT 4 UNDERSTANDING MAJOR IN-FLIGHT MEDICAL CONDITIONS

Introduction

In this unit the learner will learn about some of the major (serious) medical conditions and injuries that may
occur in-flight. The learner will learn the appropriate action and advice needed. The learner will carry our
practical demonstrations of carrying out CPR and putting a patient in the recovery position.

This unit is assessed through internal assessment.


WHAT YOU NEED TO LEARN

     Be able to demonstrate the action and appropriate advice needed in a range of major (serious) medical
      injuries
     Be able to demonstrate the action and appropriate advice needed in a range of major (serious) medical
      conditions
     Be able to demonstrate the correct techniques for carrying out CPR
     Be able to demonstrate the correct procedure for putting a casualty within the recovery position.

What You Need to Do

    Assessment Criteria                                           Evidence Indicators
    4.1 Demonstrate the action and                                To include:
        appropriate advice needed in                               Major bleeding
        major (serious) medical                                    Choking
        injuries                                                   Fracture
                                                                   Crush Injury
                                                                   Burns and Scalds
    4.2 Demonstrate the action and                                To include:
        appropriate advice needed in                               Heart attack
        major (serious) medical                                    Angina pectoris
        conditions                                                 Threatened Miscarriage/childbirth
                                                                   Stroke
                                                                   Diabetic emergency
                                                                   Hysteria
                                                                   Epilepsy
                                                                   Food poisoning
    4.3 Demonstrate how to perform                                Perform CPR with resusci Anne to include:
        CPR                                                        Action to arouse casualty
                                                                   Assessment of pulse and breathing
                                                                   Open airways and complete TWO rescue breaths
                                                                   Complete 30 compressions using correct technique
                                                                   Check pulse and breathing
                                                                  USE LATEST TECHNIQUES ADVISED
    4.4 Demonstrate the correct                                   Perform Recovery Position to include:
        procedure for putting a patient                            Lay casualty PAX on the floor
        in the recovery position                                   Knee beside PAX
                                                                   Check response: breathing/circulation
                                                                   Open airway by gently lifting head backwards,
                                                                   Remove loose articles including glasses, keys in pocket,
                                                                      dentures etc.
                                                                  USE LATEST TECHNIQUES ADVISED




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                                                                              ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                          Subject Code: FACS3


UNIT 5 UNDERSTANDING ON-AIRCRAFT MEDICAL EQUIPMENT

Introduction

This unit allows the leaner to recognise a variety of on-aircraft medical equipment. The learner will identify
the most appropriate equipment to use for a range of medical injuries and conditions. The leaner will carry
out a practical performance on the appropriate use of on-aircraft equipment.

This unit is assessed through internal assessment.


WHAT YOU NEED TO LEARN

         Know the common first aid and medical equipment and materials kept on-board an aircraft
         Know the usual location of a range of medical equipment on board an aircraft
         Know the appropriate medical equipment and materials needed for a range of medical injuries and
          conditions
         Be able to demonstrate the correct use of a range of on-aircraft equipment and materials.


What You Need to Do

    Assessment Criteria                                                 Evidence Indicators
 5.1      Identify on-board medical equipment                           To include: -
          and the typical contents of an                                Laerdal Pocket Mask (and resuscitation devices), Oxygen Equipment,
          aviation first aid kit                                        Passenger Restraint Kit, Nebuliser Mask, Defibrillator, Splints,
                                                                        Wheelchair/Carry Chair, First Aid Kit, Drugs, Drugs Dispenser
 5.2      Describe the typical/ appropriate                             Factors to be considered when stowing aviation medical equipment
          stowage and checking of a range of                            and materials - accessibility, safety, stowage conditions
          aviation medical equipment and                                Checks needed:
          materials on board a typical                                   Stowed in correct location
          passenger aircraft                                             Stowed correctly in stowage location
                                                                         Item serviceable – what check is needed
                                                                         Item in DATE for use – what check needed
                                                                        Labelled diagram of typical location of aviation medical equipment as
                                                                        listed for 5.1 on board a typical passenger aircraft– including the
                                                                        stowage type from:-
                                                                         Overhead Locker
                                                                         Bulkhead
                                                                         Stowage compartment
                                                                        and the reason why this is appropriate stowage.
                                                                        Appropriate disposal of consumable equipment
    5.3 Identify the correct materials and                              Correct identification of materials and equipment (from those listed in
        equipment to use with a range of                                5.1) for use with a range of 10 major/minor injuries/conditions: -
        injuries and conditions                                          Hypoxia
                                                                         Cardiac Arrest
                                                                         Eye Contamination
                                                                         Minor Wound
                                                                         Air Sickness
                                                                         Burns/Scalds
                                                                         Injured/Fractured Limb
                                                                         Stroke
                                                                         Asthma
                                                                         Shock
    5.4    Demonstrate the use (selection and                           Learner to demonstrate appropriate use of on-aircraft medical
           application) of a range of on-aircraft                       equipment to include: -
           equipment and materials                                       Laerdal Pocket Mask
                                                                         Arm Sling
                                                                         Tubular Bandage
                                                                         Splint on forearm




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                                                                              ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                          Subject Code: FACS3


                                                                                                                                      APPENDIX 1

                                                                                                     SUMMARY RECORD OF ACHIEVEMENT

Ascentis Level 2 Certificate in Principles of Aviation First Aid-Level 2


Centre Name ___________________________________________________________________________

Learner Name __________________________________________________________________________




                                                                                                                    Internal moderator signature
  Unit                       Date completed                              Assessor signature
                                                                                                                    (if sampled)

  Unit 1

  Unit 2

  Unit 3

  Unit 4

  Unit 5



Learner Signature ______________________________________________________________________


Assessor Signature _____________________________________________________________________




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                                                                                           ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                                       Subject Code: FACS3


                                                                                                                                              APPENDIX 2

                                                                                                                                      TRACKING SHEETS


UNIT 1-ESSENTIAL SKILLS IN AVIATION FIRST AID
                                                            Assessment                          Evidence            Portfolio         Completion Date
  Criteria
                                                            Method                              Details             Reference
  1.1 Describe the physiological
      effects of flying at altitude
      on the human body


  1.2 List and identify some of
      the key aims of Aviation
      First Aid
  1.3 Know the medical checks
      that need to be applied in a
      first aid situation


  1.4 Identify the main types of
      decompression and first aid
      action required to assist
      passengers


The above evidence has been assessed against the standards and has been judged for validity, authenticity
and reliability.

Learner Signature _____________________________________________ Date ____________________


Assessor Signature ____________________________________________ Date ____________________


Internal Moderator Signature (if sampled) ___________________________ Date ____________________




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                                                                                           ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                                       Subject Code: FACS3


                                                                                                                                              APPENDIX 2

                                                                                                                                      TRACKING SHEETS


UNIT 2 –UNDERSTANDING SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS IN AVIATION FIRST AID
                                                            Assessment                          Evidence            Portfolio
  Criteria                                                                                                                            Completion Date
                                                            Method                              Details             Reference
  2.1 Identify the location and
      names of common bones of
      the body
  2.2 Identify the location, names
      and function of common
      body organs
  2.3 Correctly identify the signs
      and symptoms from a
      range of common aviation
      first aid conditions and
      injuries
  2.4 Identify the key cause of
      Deep Vein
      Thrombosis’s(DVT) and the
      signs , symptoms and
      action required

The above evidence has been assessed against the standards and has been judged for validity, authenticity
and reliability.

Learner Signature _____________________________________________ Date ____________________


Assessor Signature ____________________________________________ Date ____________________


Internal Moderator Signature (if sampled) ___________________________ Date ____________________




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                                                                                       ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                                   Subject Code: FACS3


                                                                                                                                             APPENDIX 2

                                                                                                                                      TRACKING SHEETS
UNIT 3 – UNDERSTANDING MINOR IN-FLIGHT MEDICAL CONDITIONS
                                                           Assessment                          Evidence            Portfolio
Criteria                                                                                                                              Completion Date
                                                           Method                              Details             Reference
3.1 Demonstrate the action and
    appropriate advice needed
    in minor medical injuries

3.2 Complete typical paperwork
    to report Minor Medical
    Injury
3.3 Demonstrate the action and
    appropriate advice needed
    in minor medical conditions


3.4 Complete typical paperwork
    to report minor medical
    condition

The above evidence has been assessed against the standards and has been judged for validity,
authenticity and reliability.

Learner Signature ______________________________________________ Date _____________________


Assessor Signature ____________________________________________ Date _____________________


Internal Moderator Signature (if sampled) ___________________________ Date _____________________




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                                                                                       ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                                   Subject Code: FACS3


                                                                                                                                             APPENDIX 2

                                                                                                                                      TRACKING SHEETS
UNIT 4 – UNDERSTANDING MAJOR IN-FLIGHT MEDICAL CONDITIONS
                                                           Assessment                          Evidence            Portfolio
  Criteria                                                                                                                            Completion Date
                                                           Method                              Details             Reference
  4.1 Demonstrate the action
      and appropriate advice
      needed in major (serious)
      medical injuries
  4.2 Demonstrate the action
      and appropriate advice
      needed in major (serious)
      medical conditions

 4.3 Demonstrate how to
     perform CPR
 4.4 Demonstrate the correct
     procedure for putting a
     patient in the recovery
     position


The above evidence has been assessed against the standards and has been judged for validity,
authenticity and reliability.

Learner Signature ______________________________________________ Date _____________________


Assessor Signature ____________________________________________ Date _____________________


Internal Moderator Signature (if sampled) ___________________________ Date _____________________




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                                                                                       ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                                   Subject Code: FACS3


                                                                                                                                             APPENDIX 2

                                                                                                                                      TRACKING SHEETS
UNIT 5 – UNDERSTANDING ON-AIRCRAFT MEDICAL EQUIPMENT
                                                           Assessment                          Evidence            Portfolio
Criteria                                                                                                                              Completion Date
                                                           Method                              Details             Reference
5.1      Identify on-board medical
         equipment and the typical
         contents of an aviation first
         aid kit
5.2      Describe the typical/
         appropriate stowage and
         checking of a range of
         aviation medical equipment
         and materials on board a
         typical passenger aircraft
5.3      Identify the correct
         materials and equipment to
         use with a range of injuries
         and conditions

5.4      Demonstrate the use
         (selection and application)
         of a range of on-aircraft
         equipment and materials


The above evidence has been assessed against the standards and has been judged for validity,
authenticity and reliability.

Learner Signature ______________________________________________ Date _____________________


Assessor Signature ____________________________________________ Date _____________________


Internal Moderator Signature (if sampled) ___________________________ Date _____________________




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                                                                                       ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                                   Subject Code: FACS3


                                                                                                                                                   APPENDIX 3


Mapping of Ascentis Principles of Aviation First Aid to - Occupational Standards for Aviation Operations
in Air – Cabin Crew


  NOS 
                                                           Element 7.1                                                             Element 7.2
   Ascentis Cert
                                     PR 3,5,
  Unit 1                                                                                                      K&U a, b, f
                                     K&U a, d, g, i, l, n

  Unit 2                             K&U c, e,

                                     PR 2, 10                                                                 PR 9
  Unit 3
                                     K&U b                                                                    K&U c
                                     PR 6, 7, 9
  Unit 4                                                                                                      PR 10
                                     K&U b, f, h, j
                                     PR 8                                                                     PR 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8
  Unit 5
                                     K&U k, m                                                                 K&U d, e

Note: References are to numbering in the unit of the National Occupational Standards

PR = Performance Requirements
K&U = Knowledge and Understanding Requirements

Areas not covered include those that refer to knowledge of specific organisational standards.

If learners wish to use this qualification as evidence towards an NVQ, the NVQ requirements for assessment
(particularly in relation to simulation and questioning as evidence) should be matched to actual evidence provided
by the learner.

Mapping of Ascentis Principles of Aviation First Aid to - Resuscitation Council (UK) Guidelines

                                     4.3 Demonstrate how to perform CPR                                       This criterion is inline with Resuscitation Council
  Unit 4
                                                                                                              (UK) Resuscitation Guidelines 2005

Mapping of Ascentis Principles of Aviation First Aid to – EUSC17 Manage emergency situations that occur
as a result of a EUSC intervention

  Ascentis                                   National Occupational Standard Performance Criterion (PC) or Knowledge and
  Assessment                                                             Understanding (K)
  Criterion
  1.2                                                                                           P3, K1, K2, K7,K8, K10
  1.3                                                                                                   P6, K11
  1.4                                                                                                  K11, K12
  3.1                                                                                                   P8, K11
  3.2                                                                                               P11, K18, K19
  3.3                                                                                                   P8, K11
  3.4                                                                                               P11, K18, K19
  4.1                                                                                                   P8, K11
  4.2                                                                                                   P8, K11
  4.3                                                                                                   P8, K11
  4.4                                                                                                   P8, K11
  5.1                                                                                                    K21
  5.3                                                                                                     K4
  5.4                                                                                                    K21
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                                                                                       ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                                   Subject Code: FACS3



                                                                                                                                       APPENDIX 4


Resources needed to deliver this qualification

It is recommended that the following resources are in place to effectively run the suite of airline qualifications and
their endorsements:

1     Airline style seating for at least 18 passengers
2     Resusci Anne manikin or similar
3     First Aid Kit – to include items needed for 5.1/.4
4     Latest St.John First Aid Handbook or similar
5     Occupational Standards
6     Current UK Airline Cabin Crew Manual for In-flight Medical Care – to include ALL Serious and Minor Medical
      Injuries and Conditions or similar 3rd. party handbook to include ALL methods, signs, symptoms, action
      required

These should ideally be supported by the following resources:

     Checklist of operational cabin crew responsibilities in relation to health, safety and hygiene
     Checklist of key types of security risks and cabin crew responsibilities
     Literature relating to the ‘History of Airports and Airlines’
     Literature relating to Regulatory Organisations
     Literature relating to Airline Operations – outline of basic stages and departments
     Glossary of Airline Jargon
     Literature on Airline Customer Service & Sales (inc. queries, concerns and complaints)
     Literature relating to Airline practice for customers with Special Needs
     Cabin Crew Roles, responsibilities and personal qualities – key job description for airlines
     Airline Customer Service Charter
     Airline Group and Individual interview questionnaire (inc. job advertisement, application forms etc), tasks and
      techniques.




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                                                                                    ASCENTIS CERTIFICATE IN PRINCIPLES OF AVIATION FIRST AID Level 2
                                                                                                                                Subject Code: FACS3



                                                                                                                                                  APPENDIX 5

Summary of Key Skills Opportunities

Opportunities to develop Key Skills and to provide evidence of achievement are outlined below.

TRACKING OF KEY SKILLS


                  WO         WO        WO         ILP        ILP         ILP         PS          PS           PS    COM        COM          COM    COM
                  2.1        2.2       2.3        2.1        2.2         2.3         2.1         2.2          2.3   2.1a       2.1.b        2.2    2.3


  Unit 1                                                                                                             



  Unit 2                                                                                                                                                 



  Unit 3                                                                                                                                                



  Unit 4                                                                                                                                    



  Unit 5




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                                                                                                                                      APPENDIX 6


                                                                                                   CABIN CREW INCIDENT/ACCIDENT REPORT


Passenger’s Name: _______________________________________________________________________

Home Address:                     _______________________________________________________________________

                                  _______________________________________________________________________

Flight Number:                    _______________________________________________________________________

A/C Reg:                          _______________________________________________________________________

Departure:                        _______________________________________________________________________

Destination:                      _______________________________________________________________________

Date/Time of Incident/Accident (to be completed by the crew member concerned):

          __________________________________________________________________________________

          __________________________________________________________________________________

          __________________________________________________________________________________

          __________________________________________________________________________________

Senior Cabin Crew Report:

          __________________________________________________________________________________

           ___________________________________________________________________________




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                                                                                                                                      APPENDIX 7




Aircraft cabin diagram showing typical location of aviation first aid equipment and materials:-




When labelling the diagram from memory you need also to include the type of stowage from:-

             a. in overhead locker
             b. in a bulkhead
             c. in a stowage compartment




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