Question and Answer Bank
SOL 3.1: History
The student will explain how the contributions of Ancient Greece and Rome have
influenced the present world in terms of architecture, government, and sports.
What styles in architecture used today came from Ancient Greek and Roman architectural styles used
ancient Greece and Rome? today include columns (Greece: the Parthenon),
and arches (Rome: the Colosseum and aqueducts).
What is an example of Greek architecture still The Parthenon
What is an example of Roman architecture still The Colosseum and aqueducts
What principles of government from ancient The government is based on the ideas developed
Greece and Rome are parts of our government? in ancient Greece and Rome.
Greece: Birthplace of democracy (government by
the people); a direct democracy.
Rome: Republican (representative) form of
government; a representative democracy.
What sporting events came from ancient Greece? The Olympic games of today are modeled after the
games of the ancient Greece.
What is a contribution? The act of giving or doing something
What is a direct democracy? A government in which people vote to make their
own rules and laws
What is a representative democracy? A government in which people vote for (elect) a
smaller group of citizens to make their rules and
laws for everyone
What is a republican form of government? A representative democracy
What is the birthplace of democracy? Ancient Greece is the birthplace of democracy.
What examples of Greek and Roman art were used Examples of the arts include mosaics, sculpture,
in the construction of buildings? and paintings displayed on buildings
3.2 The early west Africa empire of Mali by describing its oral tradition
(storytelling), government (kings), and economic development (trade).
Where was the home of the empire of Mali Africa
Why were storytellers so important in the empire Many storytellers in Mali passed on traditions and
of Mali? stories from one generation to the next.
What do we know about the leaders of the empire The kings of Mali were rich and powerful men who
of Mali? controlled trade in west Africa. Mali became one
of the largest and wealthiest empires in the region
and was an important trade center.
Why was the empire of Mali so wealthy? Mali lay across the trade routes between the
sources of salt in the Sahara Desert and the gold
region/mines of West Africa. Miners found gold in
Western Africa. Salt was traded for gold.
How did the people of the desert use salt? People used salt for their health and for preserving
Why was Timbuktu an important city in Mali? Timbuktu was an important city in Mali. It had a
famous university with a large library containing
Greek and Roman books.
3.3 The student will study the exploration of the Americas by:
a) by describing the accomplishments of Christopher Columbus, Juan Ponce
de Leon, Jacques Cartier, and Christopher Newport.
b) identifying reasons for exploring, the information gained, and the results
of the travels, and the impact of these travels on American Indians.
Name four important European explorers from Christopher Columbus, Juan Ponce de Leon,
Spain, England, and France. Jacques Cartier, and Christopher Newport
What is a European? A European is a person from one of the countries
What country sponsored Christopher Columbus? Spain
What country sponsored Juan Ponce de Leon? Spain
What country sponsored Jacques Cartier? France
What country sponsored Christopher Newport? England
What motivated Christopher Columbus’ He wanted to find a western sea route to Asia.
What motivated Juan Ponce de Leon’s He wanted to discover riches and land to conquer.
What motivated Jacques Cartier’s explorations? He wanted to colonize the new world.
What motivated Christopher Newport’s He wanted to discover riches, find a western sea
explorations? route to Asia, and to colonize Virginia.
What were the successes of the explorations of First European to discover a sea route to America;
Christopher Columbus? discovered Western Hemisphere (landed at San
What were the successes of the explorations of First European to land in Florida (near St.
Juan Ponce de Leon? Augustine); gave Spain a claim to Florida
What were the successes of the explorations of Explored the St. Lawrence River Valley (near
Jacques Cartier? Québec, Canada) and gave France a North America
What were the successes of the explorations Arrived at present day Jamestown; made four
Christopher Newport? additional voyages, bringing more people to
Jamestown; was one of the first men to reach the
Fall Line of the James River
What were the effects of European explorations Deadly diseases were introduced, Exploration
on American Indians? later led to settlement, the settlements led to
relocation of the American Indians from their
3.4 The student will develop map skills by:
a) locating Greece, Rome, and West Africa
b) describing the physical and human characteristics of Greece, Rome, and
c) explaining how the people of Greece, Rome, and West Africa adapted
and/or changed their environment to meet their needs
Where was ancient Greece located? Ancient Greece was located on a near the
Where was ancient Rome located? Ancient Rome was located on land near the
Where was the ancient empire of Mali located? The empire of Mali was located in the western
region of the continent of Africa.
What are characteristics? Characteristics are different traits.
What were the physical characteristics of ancient Ancient Greece was located on a peninsula with
Greece? many islands, mountains and hills, surrounded by
the Mediterranean Sea, and had limited rich soil.
What were the physical characteristics of ancient Ancient Rome was located next to a river, built on
Rome? many hills, and had limited rich soil.
What were the physical characteristics of the Mali was located in West Africa, near rivers, had
empire of Mali? desert-like conditions, and had gold mines.
What were some human characteristics of ancient Farmers, shipbuilders, and traders
What were some human characteristics of ancient Farmers, road builders, and traders
What were some human characteristics of the Farmers, traders, and miners
empire of Mali?
How did the people of ancient Greece adapt to The ancient Greeks farmed on hillsides; trading
their environment? took place on the Mediterranean Sea; small
independent communities developed because of
How did the people of ancient Rome adapt to their The ancient Romans farmed on hillsides; trading
environment? took place on the Mediterranean Sea.
How did the people of the Empire of Mali adapt to Salt was an important natural resource for people
their environment? in the desert; salt was traded for gold
3.5 Develop map skills by
Where are the seven continents and five oceans The physical shapes of the continents (North
located on a map? America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa,
Australia, Antarctica) and the positions of the five
oceans (Arctic, Atlantic, Indian, Pacific, and
Southern) may be located on a world map.
What imaginary lines are used to create The equator and prime meridian are used to
hemispheres? create the hemispheres.
What are the names of the four hemispheres? Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western
What is a hemisphere? Half of a sphere (globe) created by the prime
meridian or the equator.
What is the equator? An imaginary line around the middle of the Earth
that divides it into the Northern and Southern
What is the prime meridian? An imaginary line that divides the Earth into the
Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
On which continent are the countries of England, Europe
Spain, and France located?
On which continent is the United States located? North America
Where is the region of San Salvador? the Bahamas
Where is the region of St. Augustine? Northern Florida
Where is the region of Quebec? Canada
Where is the region of Jamestown? Virginia
How is a simple letter-number grid system used to The letter (on the left) and number (at the bottom)
locate places on maps? coordinates of a grid system identify the approximate
location of a place.
3.6 Read and Construct maps, tables, graphs, and/or charts
What visual aids are used to gather, display, and Maps, tables, graphs, charts and pictures are visual
classify information? aids used to gather, display, and classify
What are the parts of a map? The parts of a map include:
3.7 Explain how producers in the Ancient Civilizations (Greece, Rome, Mali) used
natural, human, and capital resources
How do producers use natural, human, and capital Resources are used to produce goods and services.
resources to produce goods and services? Producers of goods and services are influenced by
natural, human, and capital resources.
What are natural resources? Natural resources are materials that come from
nature (water, soil, wood, coal).
What are human resources? Human resources are people working to produce
goods and services.
What are capital resources? Capital resources are goods made by people and
used to produce other goods and services
(machines, tools, buildings).
What are producers? Producers are people who use resources to make
goods and/or services.
What are goods? Goods are things that people make or use to
satisfy needs and wants.
What are services? Services are activities that satisfy people’s needs
What are some goods and services produced in Ancient Greece built ships, fished, made pottery,
ancient Greece? and farmed.
What are some goods and services produced in Ancient Rome built ships, fished, made pottery,
ancient Rome? and farmed.
What are some goods and services produced in The West African empire of Mali mined gold which
the West African empire of Mali? they traded for salt.
What resources (natural, human, capital) were Ancient Greece used human, capital, and
used to produce goods and services in ancient natural(the sea) resources to produce their goods
Greece? and services (trading).
What resources (natural, human, capital) were Ancient Rome used human, capital, and
used to produce goods and services in ancient natural(the sea) resources to produce their goods
Rome? and services (trading).
What resources (natural, human, capital) were The West African empire of Mali used human and
used to produce goods and services in the West capital resources to mine gold (natural resource).
African empire of Mali?
3.8 Recognize that because people and regions cannot produce everything they
want, they specialize and trade
What is specialization? Specialization occurs when people focus on the
production of selected kinds of goods and services.
Why do those who specialize have to depend on Specialization encourages trade because people
others? want goods and services that they do not have.
Why do people trade? People trade when individuals or groups benefit
from the trade.
3.9 Identify examples of making economic choice and explain the idea of
Why does economic choice involve giving up All choices require giving up something.
What is an economic choice? An economic choice is the choice of or decision
among alternatives or possibilities.
What is opportunity cost? Opportunity cost is the next best choice that is
given up when a decision is made.
What dos economic decision-making require? Economic decision-making requires comparing
both the opportunity cost and the monetary cost
of choices with benefits.
3.10 Recognize the importance of government in the community, Virginia, and
What is government? Government is a group of people who make rules
and laws, carry out rules and laws, and decide if
rules and laws have been broken.
What are the basic purposes of government? The purpose of government is to make laws, carry
out laws, and decide if laws have been broken.
Why is government necessary? Governments are necessary because they develop
the laws and protect the rights and property of
What is a community? A community is a place where people live, work,
What are rules? Rules are what people must or must not do.
What are laws? Laws are important rules written and carried out
by the government.
What is the purpose of rules and laws? The purpose of rules and laws is to keep people
safe and maintain order.
3.11 Explain the importance of the basic principles that form the foundation of a
republican form of government
What are some basic principles commonly held by Some basic principles held by Americans are life,
America citizens? liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
This includes equality under the law.
These are privileges that people are born with and
that cannot be taken away.
What is equality under the law? Equality under the law means that all people are
How did George Washington work to defend He was born in Virginia. He was a farmer. He
American principles? became a brave leader of soldiers. He was the first
President of the United States, the new nation. He
is known as the “Father of Our Country.” He
worked under the new republican form of
government. He helped put the basic principles
into practice for the new nation.
How did Thomas Jefferson work to defend He was born in Virginia. He was the third
American principles? President of the United States. He wrote the
Declaration of Independence, which states that
people have certain rights. He was a leader who
helped develop the country.
How did Abraham Lincoln work to defend He was born in a log cabin. He taught himself how
American principles? to read. He was often called “Honest Abe.” HE
was the United States President when the country
was divided over the issue of equality for all
people. He was the President of the United States
who helped free the African American slaves.
How did Rosa Parks work to defend American She is an African American woman who refused to
principles? give up her seat on a public bus as was required by
law many years ago. She helped to bring about
changes in laws and worked so that all people
would have equal rights.
How did Thurgood Marshall work to defend He was a lawyer who defended people at a time
American principles? when not all people had equal rights. He was the
first African American justice of the United States
How did Martin Luther King, Jr. work to defend He was an African American minister who worked
American principles? so that all people would be treated fairly. He led
peaceful marches and gave speeches. He worked
for equal rights for all people. He helped bring
about changes in laws through peaceful means.
How did Cesar Chavez work to defend American He was a Mexican American who worked to
principles? improve conditions for farm workers.
Why do we recognize Veteran’s Day? Veteran’s Day is a day for the recognition of and
respect for Americans who served in the military.
It is observed in November.
Why do we recognize Memorial Day? Memorial Day is a day for the recognition of and
respect for Americans who died in wars while they
were serving their country. It is observed in May.
How do people serve, their community, state, and Some of the ways that people can serve their
nation? community, state, and nation include:
Being a volunteer
Getting involved in community projects
Serving as a government official
Joining the military
3.12 Recognize that Americans are a people of diverse ethnic origins, customs,
and traditions, who are united by the basic principles of a republican form of
government and respect for individual rights and freedoms.
What unites the people of the United States? The American people come from different ethnic
origins and different countries, but are united by
the basic principles of a republican form of
government, including individual rights to life,
liberty, the pursuit of happiness, and equality
under the law.
What is a republican form of government? A republican form of government is a
What are some benefits of diversity in the United Some of the benefits of diversity include: