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ppt Sibiu – European Capital of Culture 2007

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					Sibiu – European Capital of
Culture 2007
An assesment of its impact on local
development and identity

Sabina-Adina Luca
Dragoş Dragoman
„Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu
Romania
Sibiu ECoC 2007 and local
development
 Meyerscough (1995) divided the
  European Cities of Culture occurring
  activities in three main approaches:
 arrangements with an emphasis on
  infrastructure
 festival programming
 developing artistic concepts
 Sibiu ECoC 2007, as other capitals,
  combined these approches
 Estimated Infrastructure Spending in
 Sibiu (2004-2007)
Investment items       Estimated Funding institution
                          cost
                       (millions
                        Euros)
Airport terminal          28.5   Local    Council,    County
                                 Council
Historical center          6     Local Council, Ministry of
renovation                       Culture
Main railway station       5     Ministry of Transportation
renovation
Urban water system        9      Local Council
renovation
Urban traffic            0.25    Local Council
regulation system
Various churches          1.3    Ministry of Culture
renovation
TOTAL                    50.05
The budget revenues of Sibiu
Municipality, 2002-2008
   Estimated Direct Expenses for Sibiu
   European Capital of Culture 2007
                                                           Euros
Public spending on equipment and facilities
New ASTRA public library building and ‘Gong’ children    3,430,000
theater renovation
Brukenthal Fine Arts Museum renovation                   5,000,000
Multi-functional facility (tent)                           790,000
Steinway Piano                                             100,000
Two concert stages                                         800,000
Public spending on cultural programme
337 cultural projects                                   13,400,000
3rd Ecumenical Meeting of the European Churches            500,000
Promotion                                                5,000,000

OVERALL PUBLIC SPENDING                                 18,900,000

OVERALL PRIVATE SPENDING ON NEW TOURISTIC               67,000,000
EQUIPMENT

OVERALL SPENDING ON FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT            85,900,000
Sibiu ECoC 2007 and its impact
on local identity
   Sibiu was nominated in 2004 with regard to
    its ethnic peculiarity, i.e a large Romanian
    city ruled by a German (Saxon) mayor
   Despite this peculiarity, people in Sibiu are
    not very different from people in Romania
    regarding various attitudes, values and beliefs
   The requirements for citizenship unravels an
    ongoing conflict between civic and ethnic
    aspects of citizenship
   The structure of requirements for
   citizenship in Sibiu
                                   1      2       3       4
Having at least one parent
                                  .619    ---     ---    -.271
from country
Being born in country             .791    ---     ---      ---
Having national ancestors         .607    ---     ---    .304
Working in country                .802    ---     ---    -.339
Having lived in country for at
                                  .459    ---    .305    -.181
least 5 years
Speaking the national language    ---    .928    .319     ---
Agreeing to abide by the
                                  ---    -.263   .582    .150
country’s laws and institutions
Passing a test about the
                                  ---    .-236   .683    .118
country
Taking an oath of allegiance to
                                  .166    ---     ---    .717
the country
Feeling that one belongs to the
                                  .372    ---    -.168   .727
country
Sibiu ECoC 2007 and its impact
on local identity
   most West European countries have already
    begun to see themselves largely as
    multicultural and multi-religious communities
   Romanians and East Europeans still consider
    themselves as members of an ethnically
    based state
   they inherited a long romantic tradition that
    had a single aim, to put in place the idea of a
    single people, a single language and a single
    state
Sibiu ECoC 2007 and its impact
on local identity
   Fuss (2003) found that people from various
    European cities under scrutiny display strong
    relations to Europe, that the national and
    European identities are closer than expected
    and strongly correlated
   By increasing contact with incoming tourists
    and investors, we withness a widening of
    local community in Sibiu
   The effective European membership and the
    internal EU mobility may trigger the same
    effect on the national identity and strengthen
    the weak European identity (only about 4 %)
     Primary identification in Sibiu

60


40
                                       local

20                                     regional
                                       national

0
       2003      2005      2006
Thank you!

				
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