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29 September 2008
This newsletter is regularly distributed to members of WISA as a membership benefit. News items & links reported
in this newsletter are intended to provide information of interest to professionals in the water and sanitation
sector, and do not necessarily reflect the views and position of the Water Institute of Southern Africa (WISA).

WISA is a Southern African voluntary non-profit association of 2 414 members comprising water sector
professionals, interested parties, companies, government departments, educational & research institutions, local
authorities and associated organisations. WISA provides a sector-wide platform in Southern Africa for the
promotion, integration and application of scientific, engineering & management knowledge and skills in the
natural & controlled water cycle. It has 6 regional Branches & 11 Technical Divisions. Visit or for more details.

This newsletter is in pdf format hence if you wish to connect to a web link, click on the “Select Tool” button on
the top toolbar (next to the “Hand Tool” icon), and then click on the web link using the “Select Tool” icon.




1.1 WISA President’s Message No 8

Dear member of WISA,

The WISA office has been exceptionally busy the last few weeks. We were well represented at the Stockholm
World Water Week (Sweden), IWRA Congress in Montpellier (France), Zaragoza Water Expo (Spain) as well as the
IWA Biennial Conference in Vienna (Austria). The CEO elaborates on the specific involvement and achievements
later in the news letter. Congratulations to all the South African representatives for the contributions in these
events. I was especially delighted to see our South African Young Water Professionals featuring very prominently
at the IWA Congress.
                                                 Congratulations to the Department of Water Affairs and
                                                 Forestry, Institution of Municipal Engineering of Southern Africa
                                                 and Emanti Management for winning the IWA 2008 Project
                                                 Innovation Award – Global Grand prize for the
                                                 Operation/Management category for the Electronic Water
                                                 Quality Management System. We also congratulate Rand Water
                                                 for the international award they received for the outstanding
                                                 training programmes they developed.

                                                 Focus on......
                                                 The purpose of the “Focus on....” feature is to create an
                                                 awareness of the activities and disciplines within WISA that you
                                                 can become involved in. eWISA enjoys the “Focus on…” section
                                                 in this newsletter.

                                                   The proud team from Emanti Management
                                                   with the CEO and a Director of the WRC

Focus on: eWISA

eWISA’s vision: To contribute effectively to training, education, capacity building and information transfer, related
to Water in South Africa.

I am very proud to focus on this initiative in this issue. If you are a WISA member or actively participate in the
water sector, you need to make this website a favourite. Please visit to appreciate what has been
done for you as a WISA member and the water sector as a whole. A past President, Dr Marlene van der Merwe
Botha recently captured the essence of what eWISA is: eWISA is the mechanism to fulfil WISA’s purpose which is
capacity building and to raise the profile of WISA members.

The website is updated daily and now has 9 Giga Bytes of data, over 2 000 HTML files with information, space
for interest groups to communicate as well as a notice board. To date, the site has been visited by 100 000 unique
visitors, 94% of these South African.
A nice feature is that all the documents are printable to accommodate those that do not have access to websites.
You can therefore print the information in a clear black and white format and give it to schools or students. For
example, the Water History book can easily be printed in black and white without losing any information, while
on screen; it presents a lovely colourful book.

It is impossible to go through all the features and information that is contained in the website. When you visit the
site, look for handy information such as the:
      •    Municipal information: District and Municipality Contacts, water tariffs – updating daily.
      •    South African Water Infrastructure which is updated daily.
      •    Water treatment processes where each unit process is described.
      •    Water resources: rivers, dams
      •    All WISA conference proceedings and papers
      •    Photo library
Any of these can be opened in HTML format to speed up the process, but should you want to use the information
for work or for your children’s homework, download it as a PDF and use it without fearing copyright
infringements. We have to date developed over 600 fact sheets and they are growing on a daily bases. Please let
us know if you are willing to do a fact sheet or contribute to more information or even photos!
All this information is free of charge!
There are also products that are also available at very reasonable costs such as the Municipal Assistant which has
been piloted at Mogale City and now running in 8 municipalities. The municipal assistant is a practical solution for
South Africa to run water and wastewater treatment plant operation and maintenance.

Main components of the Municipal assistant at this stage include:
    •  Contacts, staff, documentation, photos, manufacturers and suppliers, classification of the works
    •  Asset management: Inventories, replacement costs, life span of equipment, maintenance schedules,
       reporting. Etc.
    •  Water quality and plant performance: Monitoring points, water quality and flow data, graphical
       procedures and statistics to MANAGE the performance of the plant and quality of water/effluent
    •  Staff and skills development (generic as staff career requirements, i.e qualifications, skills and training)
    •  Recording of incidents and routine inspections with standard reports.
    •  Plant efficiency module.
    •  Finance: Budgeting and management of expenditure cash flow
    •  Resource monitoring and soil analyses
    •  Other modules under development include project management, rainfall monitoring and
    •  Water conservation and demand management module on a local authority level.

I hope to see many more hits on the eWISA website! Use it, it was developed and is constantly maintained and
updated for YOU, our WISA member.

Many thanks,

Dr Heidi Snyman
WISA President 2008/09
“Keep on keeping on – we have work to do.....”

1.2 Letters to the Editor
Please write to the Editor (Wallace Mayne) at with any comments, views, suggestions etc for
inclusion in the next WISA eNewsletter.

         Dr Colin Fricker of CRF Consulting writes:
         The following was listed in the most recent newsletter under "Europe". Unfortunately it pertains to
         London, Ontario, Canada!!
         “2.3.2 London bans bottled water
         Bottled water will be a thing of the past in one city's council buildings after a ban on its sale was agreed
         by city chiefs. “

Editor’s note: my apologies - I only studied Geography until Standard 6 (now Grade 8)

1.3 Patron Members news
Editor’s Note: This Guest Columns is reserved for news about WISA Patron Members, who are also invited to
submit news about their organisations or their views of/ concerns about the Sector.

Congratulations and a warm welcome to the newest two Patron Members being
    •     SSI a DHV Company
    •     Nelson Mandela Metro
Their joining WISA as Patron Members is very good news as it strengthens WISA and the Water Sector, and these
two organisations have long been staunch supporters of WISA.

1.4 Stay in touch!
Stay abreast of WISA activities – e-mail or fax your NEW contact details to or 011 315

1.5 People in the Water Sector
No news this time – BUT please send an e-mail to WISA should you know of any promotions, retirements, career
changes etc in the water sector. Your assistance will be greatly appreciated.

1.6 Latest WISA Membership breakdown
The latest number of WISA Members in the different categories is given in the table below.

                12       15       17        22      3        26      21      27      27      14       1        15
Grade           Jun      Sept     Nov       Jan     May      Nov     Jan     Apr     June    Jul      Sept     Sept
                2006     2006     2006      2007    2007     2007    2008    2008    2008    2008      2008    2008
Affiliate       86       89       90        85      87       98      83      85      92      95       95       96
Associate       347      356      395       391     415      518     477     500     517     527      383      384
Company         144      138      145       141     139      153     148     152     157     157      159      163
Educational     13       13       13        13      13       14      14      14      16      16       16       16
Fellow (F)      330      326      325       336     331      331     346     341     331     332      326      326
Honorary        12       12       12        12      11       11      11      11      11      11       11       11
Media           0        0        0         0       1        1       1       3       4       4        5        5
Local Auth      52       47       47        47      49       47      50      50      52      52       52       52

Member (M)      464     452      462       444     448     443    401    441     433     437    610      630
Patron          21      23       25        26      26      30     30     32      32      32     32       32
Prof MA         5       4        8         11      12      12     12     26      29      29     29       30
Retired F       31      32       33        32      34      41     42     45      43      43     48       48
Retired M       36      36       37        37      36      37     37     38      38      38     38       38
Retired SF      7       7        7         7       7       7      8      8       8       8      7        7
Senior Fellow   33      33       33        33      33      31     30     29      34      34     34       34
Student         327     342      420       420     430     484    480    508     529     534    538      541
Water Board     13      13       13        13      13      13     8      8       8       8      8        8
TOTAL           1921    1923     2065      2048    2085    2271   2178   2291    2334    2357   2391     2421

1.7 Spanish Mission to SA. Business Forum. SA – Spain Investment Opportunities. 7 October 2008
from9:30am ~ 16:00 at the Michelangelo, Sandton
Mr Gordon Gleimius of the dti has informed WISA that a delegation from the CEOE, the Spanish
Employers Organisation, will be visiting South Africa during the second week of October. The focus of
the delegation is on Energy and Infrastructure and some of Spain's leading firms will be participating in
the delegation.
As part of the delegation's visit to Gauteng, a seminar/workshop on Energy and Infrastructure is being
organised in conjunction with the dti. The draft programme for this seminar is as follows:
        Session One
        9:30 – 9:35 Opening and welcome
        9:35 – 10:00 SA Business Environment
        10:00 – 10:30 BEE
        10:30 – 10:45 Tea Break
        10:45 – 11:15 Transnet Infrastructure Program
        11:15 – 11:45 Water Infrastructure (WISA to present)
        11:45 – 12:30 Energy Opportunities
        12:30 – 13:30 Networking Lunch
        Session Two
        13:30 – 16:00 B2B Meetings
WISA has been requested to do a presentation during this session on the Water Sector (background),
projects and possibilities in this sector and include our capabilities for partnering with the Spanish in
projects in both South Africa and in third countries. This would also include our capabilities in the field
of desalination and purification.
WISA has been given the option of using a panel of experts from the water sector. The dti We would
also like to have a wide representation of firms from your sector present at the seminar in order to
network with the Spanish firms.
You’re invited to come and meet this high-powered delegation from Spain who are looking to
establish partnerships and invest in the Energy, Infrastructure and Services Sectors. Please inform the
Chief Executive at 011 805 3537 or if you are interested.

1.8 – World of water information in Africa
The eWISA Team in Stellenbosch reports as follows:
    •   Visits to eWISA website: These exceeded 95 685 on 15 September 2008.
    •   eWISA Subscription Members: SANNITREE made an announcement of a new product and a world first.
        To read more go to: or .
    •   DWAF Municipal Indaba: With the support of DWAF, the eWISA team participated in the recently held
        Municipal Indaba in Gauteng. Water information packages were prepared and distributed to 4 schools
        (500 grade 10 & 11 learners) who visited the careers exhibition. Water information and career packages
        were provided to educators of grade 10&11 learners.
             o The following four schools will participate in the compilation of a catchment task: Carleton
                   Jones High School (Carletonville), Rivoni Secondary School (Daveyton), Tembisa West High
                   School and Fumana High School. The result of the school assignment will be hosted on the
                   eWISA website.
             o Four schools in Stellenbosch will also participate in the compilation of the catchment task. For
                   more information, contact Ms Wilma Grebe –

    •   River Story Books: The eWISA team has started the process to create river profiles for each of the major
        rivers in South Africa. The profiles contain a diagram which plots the distance from source against the
        height above sea level indicating towns and major features. See the Orange River Mouth – go to: - choose “O” - Orange River and
        select GEOPHYSICAL.
    •   eWISA PHOTO GALLERY: Help us to introduce the wonderful world of water and the water
        environment of Southern Africa to all. If you have any contacts with schools or other educational
        organizations tell them to go to the “PHOTO GALLERY” on the eWISA homepage (under Notice Board ). Valuable material for projects and information purposes can be found there. Or go

    Examples of great photos on the eWISA photo gallery can be seen below:
    Sunset in the Namib and full moon in the Tankwa Karoo.

    •   Water History: Did you know?
             o The first water facility to deliver water to an entire town was built in Paisley, Scotland in 1804
                  by John Gibb to supply his bleachery and the town and, within three years, filtered water was
                  even piped directly to customers in Glasgow, Scotland. (WRC - History of Water Treatment)
             o In 1806, a large water treatment plant began operating in Paris. The plant’s filters were made of
                  sand and char-coal and where renewed every six hours. Pumps were driven by horses working
                  in three shifts. (WRC - History of Water Treatment)
             o Go to to find out
                  more about the history of water in South Africa. WISA members are requested to assist with the
                  history of water supply and sanitation for any SA city or town (or any other relevant
                  information which will help to complete the history of water). If you think you can help, please
                  do not hesitate to contact Wilma Grebe at You (and/or your company)
                  will be fully acknowledged on eWISA.
    •   eWISA Framework: If you want to have an overall perspective of the contents of the eWISA web site,
        click on "Site map" on the bottom menu bar (

    1.9 WISA at World Water Week. 17-22 August 2008. Stockholm, Sweden
    WISA was privileged to officially have a presence at the above event, for the first time in its history, as it
    organised an exhibition stand for the South African Sector. Besides WISA and eWISA there were 12 SA
    organisations that exhibited being DWAF, DPLG, Magalies Water, Rand Water, Umgeni Water, Bloem Water,
    For WISA the highlights were the Minister’s Breakfast for the 70-strong SA contingent at the event, the
    opening of the SA Water Sector stand by the Minister and attending the World Water Congress cocktail party
    (see photos below).
                                                                                      From Left to Right:
                                                                                      Ms Pam Yako (DG
                                                                                      DWAF), MK (CEO
                                                                                      Umgeni), Ms Jean
                                                                                      Ngubane (Chairperson
                                                                                      Rand Water) and Mrs
                                                                                      Lindiwe Hendricks
                                                                                      (Minister Water Affairs &

                                                                                           From Left to Right:
                                                                                           Kalinga Pelpola
                                                                                           (DWAF), Ms (CEO
                                                                                           Magalies Water and
                                                                                           Mr Jeff Shaw

    The SA stand was certainly one of the better stands at the exhibition being one of the more colourful and
    informative stands with many more posters , CDs, brochures and pens etc for the delegates

    1.10 WISA at 13th IWRA Congress. 1-4 September 2008. Montpellier, France
    Again WISA was privileged to officially have a presence at the above event, for the first time in WISA’s
    history, as it is the Executive Office of the IWRA (International Water Resources Association) which paid for
    the WISA Chief Executive to attend its Congress. The Congress was well organised and attracted over 800
    delegates. Some good networking was done and the Gala Dinner was most enjoyable. The City of
    Montpellier, which is a university city, is like a smaller version of Paris and is only 20 km from the
    Mediterranean Sea.

     Presenting awards at Gala Dinner: From L to R             The IWRA Board: From L to R
     Wallace Mayne, Prof John Pigram (winner of Ven Te         Wallace Mayne, Dr Cecilia Tortajada (IWRA
     Chow Award), Dr Cecilia Tortajada (IWRA President)        President) & Dr Anthony Turton (Director)
     & Anastasia Ivannikova (Congress Secretary)

    1.11 WISA on Trade Mission to Zaragoza Water Exhibition and Madrid, Spain. 7-11 Sept 2008
    WISA was privileged to be able to accompany the above trip along with a number of WISA members. It was a
    smallish group that made for good networking and camaraderie.

                                                           Taking a well-earned break in Madrid: From L to R
                                                           Dr Jacque Wilsenach (CSIR), Wallace Mayne, Alicia
                                                           Segura (SA Embassy), Gareth McConkey (WAMTech),
                                                           Edwin Sibiya (Lesira-Teq (Pty) Ltd)

                                                               Zaragoza Water Exhibition – just part
                                                               of it. It was a very large exhibition (a
                                                               bit like the old Rand Easter Show –
                                                               with cable cars and many international



2.1 Southern Africa

2.1.1 Engineers consider taking fight against Bill to Luthuli House
South Africa's engineers, though their statutory council, various industry bodies and discipline-specific voluntary
associations, are considering their options, both legal and political, following the adoption of the controversial
Built Environment Professions Bill by the National Assembly's Portfolio Committee on Public Works. The Bill has
been described as flawed by all the six statutory councils affected, which range from the architectural council
through to the quantity surveyor council, as well as by representatives from the voluntary associations that are
made up of engineers representing the civil-, electrical- and mechanical-engineering disciplines.
(Engineering News Daily News, 4 Sept 08)

2.1.2 Engineering Profession: Bill will jeopardise global standing of SA Engineers, UK Council Warns
A letter drafted by the CEO of the Engineering Council UK warns that South Africa's proposed Built Environment
Professions Bill - which has been approved for adoption by Parliament by the portfolio committee on Public
Works - could have "serious implications" for the international standing of South African-registered engineers. The
letter, signed by Andrew Ramsay, was addressed to the then CEO of the Engineering Council of South Africa
(ECSA), Ravi Nayagar, who died after a short illness in late August. (Engineering News Daily News, 11 Sept 08)

2.1.3 NSTF apologises for the following change of arrangements:
The NSTF Workshop on Ethics in SET is postponed to 28 October 2008. Please disregard the previous notice. The
venue, times and focus of the workshop remain the same (as below).
Apologies for the inconvenience this might have caused.
You are cordially invited to NSTF Workshop on Ethics in Science, Engineering, and Technology on 28 October
2008 at CSIR Convention Centre, Pretoria from 9:15 to 14:00

2.1.4 Launch of the Call for Nominations for the 2008/9 NSTF Awards!
The NSTF Awards Call for Nominations is now open! You are invited to complete an online notice at to initiate your submissions for the 2008/9 NSTF Awards
by the 12th of November 2008. After a Notice of Intent to Nominate has been received, the NSTF will invite
nominees to complete detailed information. Use this opportunity to nominate your colleagues for these prestigious
You are advised to review information on as some have been
modified. Below is a short description with a link to the individual categories.
Categories A, B and C: Awards for Individuals are for those three individuals who have made outstanding
contributions to science, engineering, and technology (SET) in South Africa.
Categories D, E and F: Research for Innovation by Teams/Individuals through organisations are three awards made
for an outstanding contribution to science, engineering, technology and innovation (SETI) from either a team or an
individual where it can be demonstrated that: (a) either research carried out in SA has led to new science which in
turn has led to new engineering or medical or social concepts i.e. technology, or (b) where engineering or medical
or social concepts i.e. technology which has been developed in SA and have been applied and have led to a

successful innovation which takes on the form of either an accepted innovation in science, a project, or a product,
or a range of products or a methodology or any other form of applied output completed in the recent past.
Category G: Awards for Research Capacity Developers recognises individuals based in South Africa regardless of
nationality, citizenship or gender, and who have during their careers demonstrated outstanding leadership in
increasing the participation of Black Researchers in their chosen scientific, engineering and technological fields.
Category H and J: Awards to Black Researchers are known as the TW Kambule NRF Research Awards, and are
made to those four black individuals in South Africa who have made outstanding contributions to science,
engineering and technology and who represent role models for others to follow.
Category K: Science Communication for Public Awareness is intended to encourage South African researchers,
writers, educators and communicators (including journalists) to promote science and technology though
conventional and/or innovative means. (NSTF Awards eNewsletter, 9 Sept 08)

2.1.5 13th Nedlac Annual Summit. 11 October 2008. 9h30 – 14h00. Birchwood Conference Centre,
The Summit is convened under the theme: “Globalisation, Growth and Social Justice: The role of Social Dialogue”
Please note that the Deputy President of the Republic of South Africa, Hon Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka will Chair
and Address the Summit. In addition the Summit will be addressed by the Nedlac Constituency Leaders on the key
challenges, opportunities and key interventions to address Globalisation, Growth and Social Justice and the Role of
Social Dialogue.
It is envisaged that the input by the Constituency Leaders will set the scene for the panel discussion that will
precede the Keynote Address by the Deputy President. The Summit programme is being finalised and will be sent
to you shortly.

2.1.6 Lesotho Highlands Water expansion decision expected by year-end
State-owned Trans-Caledon Tunnel Authority (TCTA) expected a decision on whether or not the State would
proceed with phase two of the Lesotho Highlands Water Project (LHWP) by the end of the year or early 2009.
TCTA was responsible for the debt management and funding of the water transfer part of the project, as it
delivered on its mandate for development of the infrastructure for phase 1b of the project in 2001.
(Engineering News Daily News, 5 Sept 08)

2.1.7 SARS Legislation Changes
The draft Revenue Laws Amendment Bill and draft Revenue Laws Second Amendment Bill have been put on the
web sites of SARS and National Treasury for comment.
Amendments to the Customs and Excise Act, 1964, that are proposed within these drafts, relate to the matters that
were announced by the Minister of Finance in his 2008 Budget Review, i.e.:
• Electricity levy to support energy efficiency
• Inbound duty-free shops
• Modernisation of customs administration
• State warehouse rent distribution
• Alignment with the World Trade Organisation Valuation Agreement
• Waste and scrap remaining after destruction
• Refunds against prevailing practice
• Advance Passenger Information (API)
• Periodic clearance and electronic warehouse management system
• Small, medium and micro enterprises – simplified excise procedures
• Submission of documents – alignment of exports with imports
• Administration over bulk goods
These documents can be found on the internet on the path: (Legal & Policy: Draft legislation for comment)
• Draft Revenue Laws Amendment Bill, 2008 (Money Bill)
• Draft Explanatory Memorandum on the Revenue Laws Amendment Bill, 2008
• Draft Revenue Laws Second Amendment Bill, 2008 (Administration Bill)
The Bills are also available at: (ChemNews Issue 73, Aug 08)

2.1.8 DWAF unveils new water certification scheme for municipalities
South Africa’s Water Affairs and Forestry Minister, Lindiwe Hendricks, on Thursday unveiled a new certification
scheme for water and sanitation services across the country’s municipalities. She said the first process would be a
Blue Drop certification, which would be awarded to municipalities that complied with 95% of the criteria set for
effective drinking water management. The Green Drop certification would be awarded to municipalities that
complied with 90% of the criteria set for wastewater management. (Engineering News Daily News, 12 Sept 08)

2.1.9 Mlambo-Ngcuka urges municipalities to improve water-infrastructure maintenance
Deputy President Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka on Thursday said that she was concerned about the state of water and
sanitation in South Africa and urged municipalities to step up the maintenance of existing infrastructure. Mlambo-
Ngcuka also urged Minister of the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF), Lindiwe Hendricks, to fast-
track universal access.
(Engineering News Daily News, 12 Sept 08)

2.1.10 South Africa prepares for 10th Conference of the Parties to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
The 10th meeting of the Parties to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar COP10) will take place in
Changwon, Republic of Korea from 28 October to 4 November 2008.
The 158 countries that have ratified the Ramsar Convention will gather to assess the progress of the convention
and the sustainable use of wetlands to date, share knowledge and experience on technical issues, and plan their
own and the secretariat's work for the next three years. Representatives of non-member states are also invited to
attend as observers, as well as representatives of intergovernmental organisations and non-governmental
organisations that are working in the field of wetland conservation and sustainable use.
The Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEAT) is responsible for administering the convention in
South Africa, and consequently is leading national preparations to participate in the COP. These include compiling
and submitting a national report, preparing position papers on draft resolutions to be considered at the COP, and
assembling a delegation to attend the meeting. The national report summarises South Africa's progress in
implementing the convention over the past three years, in relation to the Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008, and
provides a means for South Africa to be held accountable against its obligations under the convention. The report
was compiled using inputs from a range of stakeholders and has been submitted to the Ramsar Secretariat by the
Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism. (Gumboot, Aug 08)

2.1.11 Invitation for submissions to UNESCO book: Guidelines for community groundwater supply &
protection in Africa
Guidelines for community groundwater supply and protection in Africa, to be based on experience and practices,
is planned for publication in 2009. The proposed book is intended to communicate practical resource protection
solutions to the groundwater community worldwide in support of the on-going community water supply and
sanitation effort in Africa, and ultimately towards the sustainable utilization of groundwater throughout the
continent. Submissions dealing with appropriate technologies, new methodologies, concepts and/or
implementation processes involving various aspects of urban and rural supply and sanitation provision in Africa are
invited from water professionals (scientists, researchers, consultants and decision-makers) worldwide to form the
core of this peer-reviewed and edited book. This book is a follow up to the book entitled Groundwater Pollution
in Africa (Xu and Usher (eds), 2006).
Please submit abstracts to:
          The UNESCO Chair in Hydrogeology
          University of the Western Cape
          Private Bag X17,
          7535 Bellville
          South Africa or (Gumboot, Aug 08)

2.2 Africa

2.2.1 Villagers refuse to heed flood warning
Thousands of Sudanese villagers have refused to leave homes due to be flooded this year by a $2 billion DAM
designed to double Sudan's electricity supply. Villagers from the Manaseer area, 350 km (220 miles) north of the
capital Khartoum, said new houses built for them by the government were too far from the river and would not
have the water needed to sustain their agriculture. (AWA Water E-News, 18 Aug 08)

2.2.2 High-level meeting on Africa’s development needs
The high-level meeting on Africa’s development needs will take place at United Nations headquarters in New York
on 22 September 2008. The theme of the meeting is: “Africa’s development needs: state of implementation of
various commitments, challenges and the way forward.”
The meeting takes place at a time of both promise and challenge for the continent. While on the one hand many
African countries have shown strong GDP growth and progress on the MDGs over the last few years, rising world
prices for food and oil, climate change and intractable conflict threaten to reverse these gains. The high-level

meeting provides an opportunity for world leaders to come together to renew their commitments to Africa’s
development and focus attention on how to address the challenges.
In its resolution 62/242, the General Assembly decided that this meeting will be held at the highest possible
political level, with the participation of Heads of State or Government, ministers, special representatives and other
representatives, as appropriate. Given the importance of the issues, the President of the General Assembly has
written to all delegations to encourage representation at the highest political level.
The meeting will also be attended by civil society organisations, intergovernmental organisations, UN agencies,
funds and programmes, as well as the Bretton Woods institutions the World Trade Organization, the regional
development banks, and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
The meeting will conclude with the adoption of a Political Declaration. (Information provided by Ms Chamara
Pansegrouw at
For more Information:

2.2.3 Minister warns of worsening water pollution
Botswana’s Minister of Minerals, Energy and Water resources, Ponatshego Kedikilwe, has warned that the
country’s water pollution problems are being made worse by the population boom and a disjointed approach to
water and sanitation policies. Speaking at the opening of the country’s fourth annual water conference, he noted:
‘While we discussed the need to optimise water supplies by harnessing wastewater and treating it to drinking
water quality standards for portable use, we somehow fell short of water and sanitation as a single entity that
requires integration for the betterment of its management.’ The conference aimed to promote multi-sectoral
dialogue and information sharing among sector stakeholders. (Water21 Global News Digest, 19 Aug 08)

2.2.4 Zinwa workers strike over vaccines
ZINWA, the national water utility of Zimbabwe, has not been attending to sewer problems for the past month in
the western suburbs of the capital, Harare, due to a strike by employees whose vaccinations against typhoid and
tetanus have expired. The work stoppage has caused a sanitation crisis in many suburbs, forcing some residents to
hire private plumbers or dig trenches to facilitate the flow of wastewater. Sources within ZINWA said that the
water authority had failed to raise the required funds. (SAHRA
Water News Watch, 29 Aug 08)

2.2.5 Hepatitis E epidemic in Uganda
The hepatitis E epidemic in Uganda has spread from Kitgum District to the districts of Gulu, Pader, and Yumbe,
killing 123 people in the last fortnight. The number of infected people has exceeded 7750, said Kenya Mugisha,
director of clinical services in the Ministry of Health. Hepatitis E is an acute viral disease that can cause liver failure;
it's transmitted by feces in water supplies or food. The government launched a campaign last month to contain the
epidemic by alerting the public to the need for proper hygiene and is upgrading sanitation in refugee camps. (SAHRA Water News Watch, 12 Sept 08)

2.2.6 Key wetland added to RAMSAR list
Part of the Democratic Republic of Congo containing the largest body of fresh water in Africa has been added to
the Ramsar Convention’s list of Wetlands of International Importance, making it the largest region ever
designated. At over six-and-a-half million hectares in area, the Ngiri-Tumba-Maingombe region has one of the
highest concentrations of biodiversity in the world and is a major carbon sink. James P Leape, Director General of
WWF International, called the designation ‘a significant step forward for the welfare of communities who depend
on this wetland for their livelihoods and for the wildlife that lives there.’ The move will create a framework for
conservation and ensure proper management of the threatened wetland. (Water21 Global News Digest, 19 Aug

2.2.7 Efforts being made to rescue small hydro-power plant
Many rural Ethiopian communities used to build small dams on rivers to generate enough hydropower for their
own needs. According to the German foreign aid agency GTZ, however, most of them have ceased operation
because of the national rural electrification program. When the power utility EEPCo connects a village to the grid,
it shuts down the mini-power plants, not even showing an interest in buying their energy. Now, the Ethiopian
Electric Agency is drafting a new law called an "electricity feeding law" that will force EEPCo to purchase electricity
from the private sector. GTZ launched a program last year called "Access to Modern Energy Service" (AMES) which
will, among other things, help small communities run their remaining mini-dams. Minister of Mines and Energy
Alemayehu Tegenu favors the idea. (SAHRA Water News Watch, 5 Sept 08)

2.3 Europe

2.3.1 Defra consults on private supply regulations
Defra has launched a consultation on how new regulations governing private water supplies such as boreholes and
wells should be applied. The proposed standards include new monitoring requirements and the action that can be
taken when standards are not met. Around 330 000 people in England have private supplies, with 60% of the
supplies being for single dwellings, but with others including breweries, food manufacturers and holiday homes.
(Water21 Global News Digest, 19 Aug 08)

2.3.2 UK Citizens Using 58 Baths of Water a Day
While each person in the UK drinks, hoses, flushes and washes their way through around 150 litres of mains water
a day, they consume about 30 times as much in "virtual" water embedded in food, clothes and other items - the
equivalent of about 58 bathtubs full of water every day. Launching the report, UK Water Footprint: the impact of
the UK's food and fibre consumption on global water resources, at World Water Week in Stockholm on 20
September 2008, Stuart Orr, WWF-UK's water footprint expert, said the UK was the sixth largest importer of
water in the world. (World Wildlife Fund)

2.3.3 Pubs face water price hike in plans for next AMP
Pubs in England and Wales face steep price hikes post-2010, with proposals in draft business plans for the next asset
management period (AMP) for rises of up to 26% above inflation for metered bills and one proposal, from South
West Water, for a 40% rise for unmetered properties. (Water21 Global News Digest, 19 Aug 08)

2.3.4 First tidal power turbine gets plugged in
The first commercial underwater turbine to generate electricity from tidal streams was plugged into the UK's
national grid at Strangford Lough in County Down, Northern Ireland. The device, called "SeaGen," was
manufactured by Marine Current Turbines of Bristol, Devon, England. It generates 150 kilowatts of power now
and that figure will eventually rise to 1200 kW, enough for about 1000 homes. Explained MCR Director Martin
Wright: "There are big masses of water moving on the Earth's surface as a result of the gravitational attraction of
the moon. Therefore you have streams occurring where you have accelerated flow." Tidal generators harvest the
kinetic energy of these regularly occurring streams. The cost of installing the marine turbines makes the cost per
megawatt slightly higher than that of wind power, but it will drop if the technology is more widely adopted. (SAHRA Water News Watch, 29 Aug 08)

2.3.5 OFWAT consults on third inset appointee
OFWAT to propose grant to Veolia Water Projects for supply of water and wastewater services to Tidworth,
Hampshire. See full news story at: (Water21 Global
News Digest, 19 Aug 08)

2.4 North America

2.4.1 Black & Veatch wins Nebraska ozone contract
Black & Veatch has announced the awarding of a contract from long-term client Lincoln Water System of Lincoln,
Nebraska, to replace three of its current ozone generators with two larger ones. The new, state-of-the-art ozone
system will use less energy and produce more ozone for disinfection at the East Water treatment plant. The project
also involves replacing all controls, computers and electronics at the plant, which will be coordinated with a
SCADA upgrade, which will also be managed by Black & Veatch. (Water21 Global News Digest, 19 Aug 08)

2.4.2 Secretary Kempthorne Announces $98.3 Million Contract by Bureau of Reclamation for Drop 2
Reservoir/Water Delivery Project in California
US Secretary of the Interior Dirk Kempthorne announced that Ames Construction, Inc. of Phoenix, Arizona and
Coffman Specialties, Inc., of San Diego, California were awarded a $98.3 million contract to build a reservoir and
water delivery system in Imperial County, California. The project will be part of the All-American Canal near the
Mexican border. Its goal: to capture and store water from California's share of the Colorado River that's presently
flowing downstream. Work is expected to be completed by the end of August 2010. (SAHRA Water News Watch, 29 Aug 08)

2.4.3 Grants for drinking water provision in rural communities
US Agriculture Secretary Ed Schafer has announced that loans and grants are being awarded to rural communities
for improved drinking water and wastewater treatment systems. See full news story at: (Water21 Global News Digest, 19 Aug 08)

2.4.4 Drillers face tighter safety, water rules
The Colorado State Legislature's Oil and Gas Conservation Commission adopted new rules tightening safety and
drinking water protections at drilling sites. The move was a reaction to the accelerating pace of drilling, which has
grown 60% over the past four years. Drilling is now banned in a 300-foot buffer zone around streams used for
drinking water, and operators are required to keep inventories of chemicals used in drilling. (SAHRA
Water News Watch, 29 Aug 08)

2.4.5 EPA sets up study of medicine disposal methods
The US Environmental Protection Agency is looking for comments on sector pharmaceutical disposal practices as
part of a study into the risk of pharmaceuticals in water. See full news story at: (Water21 Global News Digest, 19 Aug 08)

2.4.6 Tunnels to bring water to parched California
A 20-year, $1.2 billion water project is nearing its end in San Bernardino County, California. A 3.8-mile-long
tunnel has been hollowed out below the San Bernardino Mountains to bring water to drought-ridden southern
California. The tunnel is the last section of a 44-mile system called the Inland Feeder that will bring in an
additional 650 million gallons a day. Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger declared a statewide drought emergency
in June because of a drier-than-normal winter, record low levels in some reservoirs, and continuing population
growth. California now has about 38 million people, up from 32 million 15 years ago.
(SAHRA Water News Watch, 29 Aug 08)

2.4.7 New York State launches collaboration to tackle infrastructure funding
New York State governor David A Paterson has announced the formation of an environmental and government
collaboration to tackle the state’s burgeoning water and wastewater infrastructure needs. Reductions in federal
funding of around 70% over the past two decades mean communities in the state will have to find over $50
billion across the next 20 years to make the necessary upgrades to meet requirements. The new Clean Water
Collaborative will identify and work on funding for this infrastructure. (Water21 Global News Digest, 19 Aug 08)

2.4.8 Research warns of widespread pharmaceutical contamination
The Associated Press has announced that an investigation has shown the drinking water of at least 41 million in the
US is contaminated with pharmaceuticals. Water and wastewater treatments do not remove medicine residues
including painkillers, hormones antibiotics and cancer drugs, and there is no EPA guideline on pharmaceuticals so
no laws exist to protect the public, the Association points out. Fifty six different chemicals were found in surveys of
potable water databases and reports from 50 of the US’s largest cities and 52 smaller communities. (Water21
Global News Digest, 10 Sept 08)

2.4.9 'Crypto' Cases Not Limited to ABQ
State and city officials are investigating a dozen cases of diarrhea caused by the cryptosporidium parasite in
Albuquerque, Bernalillo County, New Mexico, while Texan health officials in Dallas, Tarrant, and Collin counties
have confirmed more than 400 cases of the disease this year. Last year, more than 1900 cases were confirmed in
Utah. Summer outbreaks are common. The parasite is transmitted by the feces of animals and humans, and the
illness is often contracted when someone swallows even a small amount of contaminated water in a swimming
pool. "Crypto" is resistant to chlorine disinfection. (SAHRA Water News Watch, 29 Aug 08)

2.4.10 California water tunnel breaks through mountains
A 6.1km tunnel 457m below the San Bernardino mountains has been completed to finish a 71km, three tunnel
system to bring an extra 650MGD (2.5 billion litres) to 19 million inhabitants in water-stressed southern California.
The 150m-long TBM took nearly five years to complete the Arrowhead West tunnel, the last tunnelling stage of
the $1.2 billion gravity-fed system called the Inland Feeder. The Feeder will serve six Southern California counties
and will bring water from Northern California during the rainy season. Final completion of the Feeder system is
due in 2010. (Water21 Global News Digest, 10 Sept 08)

2.5 South America
Nothing to report

2.6 Australia

2.6.1 WIRADA Launched
The Federal Government has launched the Water Information Research and Development Alliance (WIRADA), a
five year, $50 million research partnership between the Bureau of Meteorology and CSIRO, which aims to provide
a state-of-the-art national database on Australia's water resources. The CSIRO will perform research specifically for
the Bureau that will be integrated into the way its water monitoring, analysis and prediction systems are
developed. (AWA Water E-News, 8
Sept 08)

2.6.2 Cotton growers defend upstream water use
Cotton-growers in the Australian states of New South Wales and Queensland refuse to accept the claim that they
take too much water from the Murray-Darling river system. Figures show that 20% of irrigation water taken from
the system is for cotton. Chief Executive Adam Kay of Cotton Australia, however, said that cultivators were only
using their legal allocations and that they were within their rights to dedicate it to cotton, the most profitable crop. (SAHRA Water News Watch, 29 Aug 08)

2.6.3 Spending on new water infrastructure
An unprecedented $30 billion will be spent on new water infrastructure for cities over the next decade according
to the latest Water Services Association of Australia annual report card. This will include investment of around $5
billion in replacing old and poorly performing assets and around $2.7 billion in maintaining current assets.
48yb.html (AWA Water E-News, 8 Sept 08)

2.6.4 New Chief for CSIRO
Dr Megan Clark has been appointed as Chief Executive of CSIRO for a five year term commencing in January
2009. She is currently the Vice President Health, Safety, Environment, Community and Sustainability at BHP
Billiton. (AWA Water E-News, 8 Sept 08)

2.7 Asia

2.7.1 Draft recycling law bins step pricing for water and power
China has issued a draft recycling law that leaves behind the idea of a progression price system for domestic water
use, electricity and gas. The proposed law was due to be approved last Friday. The progression price markup
system was in the first draft but abandoned in the second reading because investigations suggested it was too
difficult to assess the level of power and water consumption in each household. The system would also have
meant government installing differentiated meters in each household, which would have been expensive and time-
consuming. The federal government issued a circular in 2002 urging cities to implement a step pricing system for
household water use by the end of 2005, but only 20% of cities are using this system for water, and none at all
for gas. The law stipulates that governments at all levels should plan to develop recycling, and strengthen
management of companies with high energy and water consumption. (Water21 Global News Digest, 10 Sept 08)

2.7.2 Tajikistan Hopes Water Will Power Its Ambitions
Tajikistan's colossal Nurek hydroelectric dam on the Vakhsh River will soon be followed by the Rogun, further up
the river, and at least two other dams. To Tajikistan, the source of more than 40% of Central Asia's water, selling
power to neighboring countries is seen as the way out of impending economic collapse, but President Emomali
Rakhmon is well aware that private investors are urgently needed. Rogun alone will cost up to $3.2 billion. China
has agreed to build one plant, Nurobad-2, at a cost equivalent to $300 million US, but other outside investors are
disinclined to take a plunge after the International Monetary Fund recently announced that Tajikistan had
misreported its finances six times over the last decade. In addition, the country's in an earthquake zone and the
dams must be built to withstand major seismic shocks. (SAHRA Water News
Watch, 5 Sept 08)

2.7.3 World Bank launches dam safety project
The World Bank has launched a dam safety and water resources planning project for Sri Lanka. The country has for
centuries built large dams and canal systems to harvest monsoon rainfall, but many now require extensive
maintenance. The new World Bank assistance strategy for the country focuses on water resources management and
development, and the project is intended to help the Sri Lankan government plan to use its water resources wisely,
allocating resources and guiding public investment decisions on new water development projects as well as

establishing sustainable arrangements for the operation and maintenance of large dams. (Water21 Global News
Digest, 19 Aug 08)

2.8 Middle East

2.8.1 Scientists recommend Gaza Strip nitrate clean-up
Palestinian and German scientists have recommended to authorities in the Gaza Strip that they should act
immediately to reduce excess nitrates in the area’s drinking water. Up to 90% of water samples were found to
have concentrations between two and eight times the WHO recommended levels, according to researchers from
the University of Heildelberg and the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research. The study recommends that
quality management of groundwater resources is the best way to protect supplies. The research found the source
of the pollution was manure used in farming and wastewater (Water21 Global News Digest, 10 Sept 08)

2.8.2 Abu Dhabi water demand to rise 43%
The Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority (ADWEA) in the United Arab Emirates plans to double the capacity
of its desalination plants because water demand is projected to rise by 43% over the next five years. ADWEA
hopes to reach a target of 969 million gallons of water per day. (SAHRA Water News Watch, 29 Aug 08)

2.8.3 CH2M Hill appointed to STEP programme
CH2M Hill will oversee the construction of Abu Dhabi Sewerage Services Company's sewerage tunnel network
expansion. See full news story at: (Water21 Global News Digest, 19 Aug 08)

2.8.4 Toilets being modernized for 2010 European Capital of Culture
The wretched condition of public toilets in Istanbul, Turkey is a matter of prestige as well as concern to President
Imdat Habip of the Public Toilets Association: Istanbul will serve as the European Capital of Culture in 2010 and
filthy toilets will tarnish the city's image, besides spreading hepatitis B, cholera, typhoid, and other diseases. Habip's
secondary focus is coaxing airports, museums, and mosques not to charge fees for the use of their toilets. Emin
Cakmak, Turkish representative of the World Toilet Association, is more concerned with making public restrooms
accessible to the elderly and the handicapped. He persuaded Mayor Mustafa Sarigul of Sisli to build an up-to-date
public restroom in Macka Park and Mayor Barbaros Binicioglu of Yalova to do the same near the docks. (SAHRA Water News Watch, 5 Sept

2.8.5 Experts announce plans to dewater Sphinx area
Zahi Hawass, Egypt’s secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, has said that the Cairo University
Archaeological Engineering Centre will begin to pump out groundwater in the area around the Sphinx within the
next two months. Experimental well pumping suggested that the water movement under the Valley Temple of
Kafre is stable, and that the water is potable. The move follows concern about the effects on the ancient
monument of groundwater and other environmental pressures. (Water21 Global News Digest, 19 Aug 08)

2.8.6 Marubeni wins wastewater treatment contract
Marubeni Corporation has won a $364 million contract to help construct a wastewater treatment system in Qatar.
The Japanese company will construct a pumping station to deliver wastewater to a treatment works in the north
of Doha and pipelines to deliver treated wastewater for irrigation. (Water21 Global News Digest, 19 Aug 08)

2.9 World

2.9.1 Stockholm Water Week
More than 2 000 experts gathered in the Swedish capital Stockholm to discuss how to ensure that the world has
adequate supplies of water in the future. (AWA Water E-News, 18 Aug 08)

2.9.2 Stockholm Water Week highlights food water issues and sanitation
Stockholm Water Week has seen publication of a report that warns that huge quantities of water are being wasted
as a byproduct of wasted or spoiled food, and the meeting warned that the world is likely to badly fail to meet
the sanitation MDG. See full news story at:
(Water21 Global News Digest, 10 Sept 08)

2.9.3 American student wins Stockholm Junior Water Prize
Joyce Chai from the United States was awarded the 2008 Stockholm Junior Water Prize at the World Water Week
summit in Stockholm, Sweden. Chai received the prize and a $5000 U.S. scholarship on behalf of the Stockholm
Water Foundation for her project, "Modeling the Toxic Effects of Silver Nanoparticles under Varying
Environmental Conditions," in which she discovered the potential toxicity of silver nanoparticles that are
commonly used in industry and released into water bodies. Her study repudiates the assertion that silver
nanoparticles are less environmentally hazardous than silver ions and questions the reliability of their use in
consumer products. (SAHRA Water News Watch, 29 Aug 08)

2.9.4 WaterLinks - clean drinking water and sanitation in Asia
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), International Water Association (IWA) and Asian
Development Bank (ADB) signed an agreement at World Water Week to establish an Asia-wide partnership called
WaterLinks that will help provide clean drinking water and sanitation throughout the region by coordinating,
promoting and aligning efforts to create Water Operators Partnerships (WOPs).

2.9.5 World Bank announces plan to scale up infrastructure support
The World Bank Group is moving ahead with an action plan to significantly scale up infrastructure support to
developing countries in their growth and poverty reduction efforts, following a board of directors meeting that
discussed and commended the plan. The Sustainable Infrastructure Action Plan (SIAP), to be implemented over the
next three years, will help countries improve the reach and quality of infrastructure investments through increased
financial and analytical support. The value of World Bank Group financing and advisory services in energy,
transport, water, and information and communications technologies is estimated to reach $59 to $72 billion in the
fiscal years 2008 to 2011, compared with $41 billion over the previous four-year period. (Water21 Global News
Digest, 19 Aug 08)

2.9.6 Tossed Food is also lost Water
Food lost to spoilage and insects in poor countries and casually thrown away in rich ones represents a tremendous
waste of water, according to the report, "Saving Water: From Field to Fork" released jointly by the Stockholm
International Water Institute in Sweden, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, and the
International Water Management Institute. Low-tech methods, such as irradiation, to help preserve fruits and
vegetables on the way to markets in hot climates would reduce losses in warehouses. In the United States, nearly
one-third of all food is discarded every year; the water required to produce it amounts to about 10 trillion gallons.
Many affluent European countries have similar rates of food waste. (SAHRA
Water News Watch, 29 Aug 08)

2.9.7 First Hei-jin Woo Award
Professor Joan Rose has received the first Hei-jin Woo Award for Achievements of Women in the Water Profession
for Her Contribution to Water Quality and the Protection of Health Worldwide. Dr. Rose is co-Director of the
Center for Advancing the Microbial Risk Assessment and Center for Water Sciences at Michigan State University,
USA. The IWA Hei-jin Woo Award recognises the achievements of women in the water profession, and was
presented    during    the    Opening       Ceremony    of    the   World    Water   Congress    in   Vienna.
5%20IWA%20Women%20in%20Water%20Award.pdf (AWA Water E-News, 8 Sept 08)

2.9.8 2008 IWA World Water Congress.
Over 4500 visitors from 94 different countries descended on the capital of Austria over 4 days for the 2008 IWA
World Water Congress. The Congress covered the cross-cutting themes of Sanitation, Cities of the Future, Climate
Change, Water and Energy, Water Reuse and Desalination, Frontiers of Science and Technology, as well as human
resources (with a special focus on attracting more women in water and young water professionals). There were
over 1000 papers presented and 30 workshops held, with 10 key note speeches from the best in the field. (IWA

2.9.9 WSSCC takes initiative to support sanitation in the poor areas
The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC), based in Geneva, Switzerland, launched the
Global Sanitation Fund to help the world's poor countries reach the Millennium Development goal of halving the
number of people without access to basic sanitation. The WSSCC will work with governments to identify priority
regions and help achieve the sanitation goal. The fund has reached nearly $60 million U.S. through donations from
the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom, and hopes to raise $100 million U.S. each year. (SAHRA Water News Watch, 29 Aug 08)

2.9.10 IWA Project Innovation Awards
The 2008 global winners of the IWA Project Innovation Awards have been announced, with the superior
achievement   award     going     to   environmental     engineering   firm   Brown  and    Caldwell. (AWA Water E-News, 8
Sept 08)

2.9.11 2008 IWA Awards announced for outstanding achievements in the water sector.
Grand Awards go to both Dr. Jim Gill for mastering the implications of climate change in Australia and Professor
Mark van Loosdrecht for pioneering new wastewater treatment techniques. (IWA e-mail, 19 Aug 08)

2.9.12 Lee Kuan Yew Water Prize 2009,
Nominations are now open for the Lee Kuan Yew Water Prize 2009, an international award that recognises
outstanding contributions towards solving global water problems. The prize includes S$300,000. For details and
the official nomination form, please visit (AWA Water E-News, 8 Sept


3.1 Endocrine Disrupters in Wastewater and Sludge Treatment Processes.
Presents the latest research on the sources, fate and transport of EDCs in sewage and industrial effluents as well as
sludge treatment and disposal options. Integrates the science with management strategies for EDCs. Price $219 plus
p.& h.

3.2 The Business of Water.
New from AWWA, help for water managers in dealing with the challenges in western economies with water
shortages, worn-out pipelines, population growth, and pollution of rivers, lakes, and groundwater while markets
in the developing world present business opportunities, especially in countries with booming economies, such as
China. Costs $88 plus p.& h.

3.3 Biological Wastewater Treatment. Principles, Modelling and Design
Assembles and integrates postgraduate training materials going from first principles (chemistry, microbiology,
physical and bioprocess engineering) to latest advances in nitrate and phosphorus reduction strategies. Costs $229
plus p .& h AWA members.

3.4 Australian Recycled Water Guidelines (Phase 1)
Detailed hardcopy version of guidelines for non-potable reuse. Basic principles for risk assessment of recycled water
laid out plus focus on application to environmental and health risks when undertaking project planning and
delivery. Price $115 plus p & h of $17.50 within Australia.

3.5 Groundwater Management in Large River Basins.
Editors: Milan Dimkic, Heinz-Jurgen Brauch and Michael Kavanaugh
Publication Date: September 2008 • ISBN: 9781843391906 • Pages: 728 • hardback
IWA Members Price: £75.00 / US$ 150.00 / € 112.50 Non Members Price: £100.00 / US$ 200.00 / € 150.00

3.6 Environmental Hydrogeology: Second Edition.
Authors: Philip E. LaMoreaux, Mostafa M. Soliman, Bashir A. Memon, James W. LaMoreaux & Fakhry A. Assaad
Publication Date: November 2008 • ISBN: 9781843392286 • Pages: 374 • Hardback
IWA Members Price: £ 45.00 / US$ 90.00 / € 67.50 Non Members Price: £ 60.00 / US$ 120.00 / € 90.00 or

3.7 Sediment and Contaminant Transport in Surface Waters.
Author: Wilbert J. Lick
Publication Date: November 2008 • ISBN: 9781843392293 • Pages: 456 • Hardback
IWA Members Price: £ 48.75 / US$ 97.50 / € 73.13 Non Members Price: £ 65.00 / US$ 130.00 / € 97.50 or

3.8 Industrial Wastewater Treatment by Activated Sludge.
Authors: Derin Orhon, Fatos Germirli Babuna, Izlem Karahan
Publication Date: November 2008 • ISBN: 9781843391449• Pages: 300 • hardback
IWA Members Price: £63.75 / US$ 127.50 / € 95.63 Non Members Price: £85.00 / US$170.00 / €127.50


4.1 Granular activated sludge
Research at the CRC for Environmental Biotechnology has shown that granular activated sludge can be used to
treat wastewater more efficiently and by a more robust method to that used in current domestic wastewater
treatment systems. The excellent settling properties of granules remove a capital and energy intensive step for the
dewatering step to make biosolids which are a by-product of the treatment process. (AWA Water E-News, 1 Sept 08)

4.2 Flooding rice increases Arsenite levels
Scientists at UK's Rothamstead Research and Japan's Okayama University have discovered that flooding paddy
fields leads to massive mobilisation of Arsenite which can then be absorbed by rice plants. Growing rice in non-
flooded conditions decreases arsenic accumulation from the soil 10x. Supplying silicon to the plants also
significantly reduced arsenic uptake. (AWA Water E-News, 1
Sept 08)

4.3 Asian pollution affects Australian weather
Establishing the impacts of elevated particle emissions (aerosol) use across Australia presents a new research
challenge for the CSIRO, who recently identified that the extensive pollution haze emanating from Asia may be re-
shaping rainfall patterns and monsoonal winds in northern Australia. An international workshop bring held this
month will discuss how aerosols could be influencing climate in Australia. (AWA Water E-News, 18 Aug 08)

4.4 Elephant seals aiding research
Elephant seals are helping scientists overcome a critical blind-spot in their ability to detect change in Southern
Ocean circulation and sea ice production and its influence on global climate. According to a paper published by a
team of French, Australian, US and British scientists, elephant seals fitted with special oceanographic sensors are
providing a 30-fold increase in data recorded in parts of the Southern Ocean rarely observed using traditional
ocean monitoring techniques. (AWA Water E-News, 18
Aug 08)

4.5 Scientists discover algae pollution detection effect
Scientists at Israel’s Bar Ilan University have found that by shining a laser beam through algae growing in water,
they can find the type and amount of contamination in the water concerned. The scientists use the laser to
simulate photosynthesis, with the remaining heat from the instrument’s beam creating sound waves under the
water surface. The amount of heat that remains from the process depends on the condition of the algae and the
rate of photosynthesis. Using a microphone beneath the surface, researchers analysed the strength of the sound
waves, and the individual characteristics of the sound produced allowed them to differentiate between lead
poisoning and, for instance, a lack of iron or exposure to other toxins. The team believes the breakthrough could
lead to a fast, inexpensive testing system. (Water21 Global News Digest, 19 Aug 08)

4.6 Centre discovers differences between green roof performance
The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Centre at the University of Texas at Austin has completed the first study to
compare different types of green roofs, and the result suggest that they vary greatly in capabilities such as how
much cooling they provide to a building’s interior and how much rainwater they capture. Six different
manufacturers’ products were tested. The ability to retain water was found to be the most variable feature of the
different roofs, with the better ones retaining all of the water during a 12mm rainfall episode, and under half of
the water during a 50mm event. Some roofs, however, retained just 25% of the 12mm event and as little as 8%
during the heavier rainfall. The presence of native plants helped all of the roofs to capture water better. (Water21
Global News Digest, 19 Aug 08)

4.7 Scientists urge action to counter excess nitrates in water
Palestinian and German scientists have recommended that the authorities in the Gaza Strip act immediately to
counter excess nitrates found in drinking water. In 90% of potable water samples nitrate concentrations were
found to be between two and eight times greater than the WHO recommended levels, researchers from the
University of Heidelberg and the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research reported in the specialist journal
Science of the Total Environment. The researchers recommended that the best protection would be quality
management of the groundwater resources that are the sole source of drinking water for most inhabitants of the
Gaza Strip. (Water21 Global News Digest, 19 Aug 08)

4.8 Study finds increasing number of ocean ‘dead zones’
A new study from the Virginia Institute of Marine Science published in Science has found that ‘dead zones’ in the
ocean have increased from 49 in the 1960s to over 400 now worldwide. The authors of the report said in a
statement that dead zones are ‘the key stressor on marine ecosystems’ and ‘rank with overfishing, habitat loss and
harmful algal blooms as global environmental problems’. (Water21 Global News Digest, 10 Sept 08)

4.9 Researchers use satellites to uncover glacier cracking
Researchers have used NASA satellite images to confirm that two of Greenland’s largest glaciers are breaking up,
and they are predicting that the larger will continue to disintegrate over the next year. A 29km2 chunk of northern
Greenland’s Petermann glacier broke away in July, and the researchers found a further massive crack further back
into the glacier, which may signify an imminent, larger break-off of up to 160km2. The Jakobshavn glacier has also
been found to have retreated further inland than at any time during the past 150 years’ observation. The scientists,
from the Byrd Polar Research Centre, believe the glacier has not been this far inland for at least 4000 years.
(Water21 Global News Digest, 10 Sept 08)

4.10 Study says magnets have no effect on water
Japan’s National Consumer Affairs Centre has produced a study that says magnets have no significant role in
treating water. The centre says that magnetic water treatment devices have practically no effect. The centre tested
six models that clamed to reduce residual chlorine and THMs, and found that the quantities in water remained
unchanged after using the device. (Water21 Global News Digest, 10 Sept 08)

4.11 Researchers find major lake is becoming a desert
Researchers from a grouping of Aksaray University, Kulu municipality, Turkey’s Regional Environment and
Forestry Directorate and conservation organisation WWF Turkey have found that Lake Tuz, in the country’s arid
Konya province, has dried up completely now that its last source of water, Lake Kucuk, has also dried up. The
lake, once Turkey’s second largest water body, lost 85% of its water over the past 90 years as the Konya basin
suffered increasingly dry summers due to global warming, as well as excessive demand for groundwater for use in
irrigation. The region has to move to drip irrigation to water new trees. (Water21 Global News Digest, 10 Sept 08)

4.12 Report highlights contamination in New Jersey wells
A new state report has found that ‘tens of thousands’ of residents in New Jersey, New York State, are drinking
polluted water from private wells. Radioactive contamination was found to be the commonest breach of state
standards. The report, which covers the five years from 2002 to 2007, included samples from over one in eight of
the 400,000 private residential wells in the area. Over 12% of samples failed to meet standards, equating to 6120
wells. The other main contaminants found were arsenic (1445 wells), nitrates (1399 wells), coliforms (1136 wells),
VOCs (702 wells) and mercury (215 wells). Lead, found in over 5200 wells, was discounted because the state
Department of Environmental Protection found the sampling results to be ‘questionable’ due to ‘unrealistically
high concentrations of lead’. (Water21 Global News Digest, 10 Sept 08)


5.1 Senior Superintendent (1), Watercare Manager (2): Outfalls, Cape Town Metro
Basic salary: R197 118 per annum (Ref. WS 4/08)
Job purpose: To ensure effective management and operation of 3 marine outfalls and 2 wastewater treatment
facilities, monitoring processes and product quality, taking the necessary corrective action, financial control and
providing effective leadership to treatment works staff.
Key performance areas include:
• Managing the optimisation of the various treatment processes, the use of staff and resources and operating funds
• Preparing the annual operating budget, ensuring sufficient funds are made available under each line item to
operate the treatment works

• Performing as Cost Centre Manager and controlling the usage of the operating budget
• Assessing the performance of the wastewater treatment works and marine outfalls
• Critically analysing the operations of the unit processes
• Continually improving staff functional capability.
• Relevant qualification in a Water-/Wastewater-related field
• Classified as a Class 3 Operator
• A deep understanding and knowledge of wastewater treatment and its impact on the environment
• Knowledge of mechanical & electrical equipment associated with marine outfalls & wastewater treatment plants
• 5 years’ experience in managing a shift
• Able-bodied (will be required to climb vertical ladders and onto structures in all kinds of weather and at night)
• Computer literacy
• Familiar with disciplinary codes and performing disciplinary enquiries when necessary
• Good written and verbal communication skills
• Preparedness to be called to site at any time of day or night, including weekends, using own transport
Please forward a comprehensive CV and a covering letter, including a certified copy of your Identity Document,
to: The Department of Strategic Human Resources, PO Box 298, Cape Town 8000
Or e-mail to:
Kindly note that applications will not be acknowledged in writing and that copies of supporting documents will
not be returned.
Please quote the Reference Number of the vacancy in all communications.
Certified copies of qualifications must be available on request. Please submit a separate application in respect of
each position you are applying for.
Visit website at

5.2 Two vacancies at Umgeni Water
Umgeni Water has the following two vacant positions for which it is inviting applications:
    1. Waster Water Scientist or Chemical Engineer - who has specialised in water or waste water
       with at least 3 years experience
    2. R&D scientist - Honours in Chemistry or Applied Chemistry with 3-5 years experience to manage our
         R&D Lab
Applications can be sent to:
         Mr Peter Thompson
         Manager: Process Services
         Umgeni Water
         PO Box 9
         Or e-mailed to: Mr Peter Thompson at or cell: 083 2700 420

5.3 VWS Envig Vacancies
    1. Buyer/Shipping Controller: VWS Envig
         VWS Envig is currently looking for a Buyer / Shipping Controller in their Modderfontein, Johannesburg
         offices. The position entails management of full buying responsibilities, along with a local and export
         shipping function.
         Reference Number:
         Responsible To/Supervision:
         Procurement, Warehousing & Logistics Manager
         Full Time Employee
         Starting Date:
         As soon as possible
    2. Junior Quality Inspector:
         VWS Envig is currently looking for a Junior Quality Inspector in their Isando, Johannesburg offices. The
         position entails quality control, quality assurance and quality inspection in order to maintain company
         quality standards.

         Reference Number:
         Responsible To/Supervision:
         Quality, Health & Safety Manager
         Full Time Employee
         Quality, Health and Safety
         Starting Date:
         As soon as possible
    3. Business Development Manager JHB:
         VWS Envig is currently looking for a Business Development Manager in their Modderfontein,
         Johannesburg offices. The position entails being responsible for obtaining profitable contracts for the
         Design & Build division, assisting with setting strategy to win business, as well as assisting with quotes and
         tenders for multidiscipline turnkey process projects. Reference Number:
         Responsible To/Supervision:
         Managing Director
         Full Time Employee
         Design & Build
         Starting Date:
         As soon as possible
Suitable     candidates     can       complete      the      application    form       on      their     website      at
( or contact them at for
more information.
Enquiries/applications can be directed to:
         Marika van Noordwyk
         Group Support Officer
         VWS Envig (Pty) Ltd
         Tel:      +27 21 870 2704 (direct)
         Tel:      +27 21 871 1877 (switchboard)
         Fax:      086 605 0486
         Fax:      +27 21 872 2664
         Website :

5.4 Researcher post available: Utrecht University, The Netherlands
The University has a post-doc position available starting immediately. They are looking for a young energetic,
motivated researcher with strong background in modelling flow and transport in porous media. The position is
potentially for three years.
Enquiries/ applications to:
         Prof SM Hassanizadeh
         Professor of Hydrogeology
         Utrecht University
         Department of Earth Sciences
         PO Box 80021
         3508 TA UTRECHT
         The Netherlands
         Tel: +31 30 253 7464
         Tel: sec. +31 30 2535137
         Fax: +31 30 2534900

5.5 Greek graduate seeks research project in water and/or energy
Ms Maria Olga Tomprou writes as follows:
“I am a Greek national and for the last two years I am based in Amsterdam in the Netherlands, working as a
Research Associate for Cartesius Institute for Sustainable Innovations and the University of Twente UT, in various
projects in water and energy management. My academic background includes a Bachelor in Biology studies in the

University of Crete, Greece and an MSc in Environmental Sciences and Technology at Imperial College of London,
Great Britain. During my academic studies, i have gained experience in various projects and succeeded a recent
publication on the implementation of the Water Framework Directive in Greece. However my recent project in
the Netherlands, involved the environmental manager position (for water and energy) for a wildlife park
development and research in closing the loop systems.
Upon completion of my projects for the UT and Cartesius Institute, I am interested in taking part in research
projects for water and energy, in South Africa, even on short-time projects. I strongly believe that this will provide
with challenging research themes and actual projects, where my background expertise can be applied.
I would therefore appreciate some information on whether there is any such opportunity at WISA, and if so, what
would be the procedure of applying for it. (My CV is available upon request).
I thank you in advance for your kind interest and looking forward to hearing from you at your earliest possible
With kind regards,
Maria Olga Tomprou at “

5.6 Application for internship
Aluwani Bale (age 23) has contacted WISA for assistance with applying for an internship in Analytical Chemistry.
He is currently doing his last theory subjects at Tshwane University of Technology and believes that an internship
will assist him greatly with his studies. Aluwani believes that he is a very committed, and enthusiastic person with
initiative and a great passion for Analytical Chemistry.
Aluwani is able to adapt and work well under pressure, and manage his time efficiently.
Any Members who are interested in offering Aluwani an internship are welcome to contact the Chief Executive at for copies of his CV & Confirmation letter from his senior lecturer, or can contact Aluwani direct at

5.7 Application for position in Water and Wastewater Field
Shaun Batsford has contacted WISA for assistance in finding a position in the Water and Wastewater Field. He has
recently returned from the United Kingdom where he worked as a Senior Filed Technician for Delta Water. He has
experience in Water and Wastewater management and treatment and an NVQ Level 2 in Water and Wastewater
Treatment. Shaun can be contacted on 071 997 7244 or at

5.8 Job vacancies in various countries
Visit to view job vacancies and water-related course
announcements in various countries including:
     1. European Investment Bank – Water Sector Specialist, Luxembourg
          The     European     Investment     Bank     (EIB)    is    seeking    a    Water      Sector    Specialist.

     2. University of Waterloo – Tenure-Track Faculty Position, Canada
          The Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Waterloo invites
          outstanding individuals to apply for a tenure-track position in the area of Water/Wastewater Treatment
          Processes and/or Environmental Chemistry at the rank of Assistant or Associate Professor.

     3. TSM – Australian Water Engineering Career Opportunities, Australia
          TSM has been retained by Australia’s leading engineering services group to recruit the following positions:
          Design Delivery Manager, Design Engineer, Project Engineer, Project Delivery Manager.

     4. Beechwood Recruit – Environmental Professionals Nuclear Technology Services Provider – Chesire/
          Cumbria/ Lancashire
          Opportunities now exist for HND/Degree qualified Environmental Professionals at their Risley, Sellafield,
          Preston and Workington facilities for the following: Environmental Risk Assessment Modeller,
          Environmental Assessor, Site Investigation/Environmental Scientist, Hydrogeological Modeller.



6.1 A new product and a World First!!
Brian Goodman of Sannitree (WISA Company Member) writes “Sannitree Double action Bio Enzyme Granules is
the first product that has been specially formulated to attack fly larvae and helps control flies that spread intestinal
diseases, at the same time it treats human wastes in pit toilets converting them to harmless nutrients.”

For more info contact Brian Goodman of Sannitree International at: or Fax: +27 21 762 0759 or Tel: +27 21 761 2335

6.2 Challenge Request-For-Proposal (RFP) on rapid microbial detection
The Environment and Water Industry Development Council (EWI), under the Ministry of the Environment and
Water Resources (MEWR), Singapore, is now calling for research proposals involving disruptive technologies in the
area of rapid microbial detection to meet the following challenges:
     •    An innovative technology for the specific detection of Cryptosporidium spp. in treated, drinking water of
          0.3 – 1.0 NTU
     •    Detection time, from sampling to data output, in the shortest time possible (preferably less than one
     •    Ability to differentiate between viable and non-viable cells
     •    Sensitivity and specificity of the system should be comparable or superior to the currently approved
          standard method USEPA 1623 and a detection limit of <1 oocyst/10L.
     The closing date is 07 Oct 2008 at 12 pm (Singapore time, GMT +08:00).
     Please refer to the website for details on the application procedures, and proposal
     submissions should be made through the Research, Innovation and Technology Administration (RITA) website
     at (Water21 Global News Digest, 19 Aug 08)

6.3 The Hatch Water Group – Woodmead, Johannesburg
Former CEO of Biwater (now Botjheng Water), Deon Nel, has recently joined the Hatch Water Group and writes
as follows: “The Hatch Water is a team of experienced chemical and civil engineers who provide comprehensive
and innovative water solutions to the metals, infrastructure, and energy sectors. As well as designing, constructing,
and commissioning water and wastewater treatment systems, we specialize in the thorough integration of a plant’s
water systems with the core processes. Our objective is to provide solutions based on sound process development,
providing consistent and reliable operation with minimum capital and operating costs. We design plant-specific
systems to economically achieve water quality objectives. This has given Hatch a global reputation for innovative
problem solving, multi-disciplinary engineering and project- and construction management, derived from
undertaking projects across 5 continents. Hatch Water goes beyond the conventional approach and provides
sustainable results by optimizing across entire systems and helping its clients achieve unprecedented and sustained
business results.
In line with developing and growing a viable [global] water business HATCH AFRICA (Woodmead hub), will,
through its three global Centres of Excellence for water, be able to provide the mining/metallurgical-, energy- and
infrastructure sectors with water expertise in the areas of Desalination, Water Reuse and Recycle, Wastewater
Treatment, Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD), Process Optimization, Process Water Treatment, Resource Recovery, Site-
Wide Water Management, Technical Assessment for Environmental Regulations and Troubleshooting. These inputs
may be delivered as a conceptual study, a pre-feasibility study, a feasibility study and/or complete project
A Project update – Hatch Water prepares estimates for desalination facility
Hatch has been retained by Compañia Minera del Pacifico to conduct CAPEX/OPEX estimates for a desalination
facility in Huasco, Chile. The desalination facility will provide process water for both a Brownfield and Greenfield
plant in the area. Hatch has developed significant knowledge of water processing in the area, through work with
other clients with mining properties in similar circumstances. The project is scheduled to be completed by mid
October. Hatch Water Santiago is undertaking the project.”
For further assistance in all water related matters pertaining to your projects, please contact:
Deon Nel – Hatch Woodmead Office
Landline:+27 (0)11 844-1445 Fax2eMail +27 (0) 86 530 9800

6.4 18th International Engineering and Technology Fair 2009 (IETF 2009). 23-26 February 2009.
Bengaluru, India
The Department of Trade and Industry (dti) has requested WISA to invite its members, as part of the SA
Engineering and Manufacturing community, to participate in the SA National Pavilion at the above Fair.
If you supply or manufacture any of the following products or related engineering or maintenance services, this is
your opportunity to export to the Asian region:
         Boilers/combustion systems, cables, computers/software, converters, inductors and transformers, emission
         control, engineering services, construction companies, generation equipment, instrumentation controls,
         meters and associated equipment (meter testing equipment, revenue protection technologies and
         services), motors/electrical equipment, pumps, compressors, relays, renewable equipment and suppliers,

         switchgear and control equipment, turbines, transmission equipment and sub-stations, wiring and
The dti offers firms the following financial support:
         •     Air travel assistance (economy class)
         •     Daily subsistence allowance
         •     Freight forwarding of display materials
         •     Exhibition space and booth rental costs
For additional information visit
The deadline was 30 August 2008 but has been extended so please apply asap if you are interested to:
         Mr Henry Mabale at 012 394 1886 or
Application forms and Pavilion guidelines can be downloaded from

6.5 Advertising in WISA Publication and Website
Support WISA by advertising on the following WISA communication channels:
        Water&Sanitation Africa – the WISA bi-monthly technical magazine - please contact Ave Delport at 3S
        Media on: (011) 704-6855 or 083-302-1342
        eWISA – the WISA capacity-building & knowledge-sharing website - please contact Wilma Grebe at
        WAMTechnology on: (021) 887-7161 or


PPPs key to development of SA’s Water Market – Frost & Sullivan
Public-private partnerships (PPPs) in water management services would be the lynchpin in attaining the objective
of improving water efficiency and preserving natural water resources in South Africa, said research consultancy
Frost & Sullivan. There were, however, sensitivities to consider, and privatisation was a touchy issue within the
South African labour market. Labour unions had a fundamental ideological opposition to PPPs, viewing them as a
threat to job creation, which remained one of South Africa’s biggest challenges, added Frost and Sullivan.

(Engineering News Daily News, 29 September 2008)


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Editor: Wallace Mayne, Chief Executive, Water Institute of Southern Africa
[Tel: +27 11 805 3537] [Cell: +27 82 929 2790] [E-mail:]