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PEH 285 Introduction to Physical Education, Exercise Science and Sport Chapters 1,2,3,4 Multiple Choice 1) Physical education settings include the following EXCEPT a. community b. medical c. school d. commercial e. all of the above are considered settings for physical education 2) The text states the following factors influence physical activity EXCEPT a. educational attainment b. economic status c. ethnicity d. age e. all of the above are given as factors that influence physical activity 3) The report Promoting Better Health for Young People through Physical Activity and Sports focused on a. elimination of health disparities. b. improvement of quality of life. c. promotion of athletics. d. reducing obesity. 4) The focus of sports medicine is a. injury prevention b. a study of skill acquisition c. the study of the impact of exercise on the body d. activity programs for the disabled 5) Evaluating an athlete’s gait would be studied in which subdiscipline? a. biomechanics b. exercise physiology c. motor learning d. health 6) __________ is a state of optimal well-being. a. holistic health b. wellness c. quality of life d. health 7) An institution's influence on sport best falls under which area of study? a. sport philosophy b. sport psychology c. sport sociology d. sport pedagogy 8) ____________ is the branch of philosophy concerned with examining the nature of knowledge. a. logic b. metaphysics c. epistemology d. axiology 9) The focus of biomechanics is the a. examination of the values of sport b. analysis of past events c. mechanical analysis of skill d. study of the impact of exercise on the body 10) The belief that reality and life are governed by the laws of nature and that the individual is more important than society is an example of a. idealism b. realism c. existentialism d. naturalism 11) The physical world is the real world and it is governed by nature is an example of a. idealism b. realism c. pragmatism d. naturalism 12) What is the focus of exercise physiology? a. study of skill acquisition b. study of the impact of exercise on the body c. study of activity programs for the disabled d. mechanical analysis of skill 13) Sport philosophy emerged as a specialized area of study in the ___________. a. mid-1950s and 1960s b. mid-1960s and 1970s c. mid-1970s and 1980s d. mid-1980s and 1990s 14) People engage in sports a. for the opportunity to attain victory b. for enjoyment c. for personals satisfaction d. all of the above are reasons people engage in sports 15) Studying the effects of grown and maturation on skill acquisition is an example of which area of study? a. motor development b. adapted physical activity c. sport pedagogy d. biomechanics 16) The development of body awareness and efficient movement is the focus of the a. motor skill development objective b. physical fitness development objective c. affective development objective d. cognitive development objective 17) Which of the following is NOT a goal of the "Goals 2000: Educate America Act"? a. no children will be obese b. graduation rates improve to 90% c. the learning environment is free from drugs and violence d. all children starting school are ready to learn 18) _______________ are statements of purposes, intents, and aims that reflect desired accomplishments. a. purposes b. mission statements c. objectives d. goals 19) Learning to keep score in basketball is an example of which domain? a. affective b. cognitive c. psychomotor d. none of the above 20) Calling your own fouls in basketball is an example of which domain? a. affective b. cognitive c. psychomotor d. none of the above 21) Which of the following is NOT one of the NASPE National Standards for physical education? a. demonstrates competency in motor skills by membership on an athletic team b. participates regularly in physical activity c. achieves and maintains a health-enhancing level of physical fitness d. values physical activity for its contribution to health and social development 22) The participant will demonstrate the "C" position in the javelin throw is an example of which type of objective? a. physical fitness development b. cognitive development c. affective development d. motor skill development 23) The athlete will demonstrate an appreciation for weightlifting and how it contributes to a healthy lifestyle is an example of which type of objective? a. physical fitness development b. affective development c. cognitive development d. motor skill development 24) Which list of categories is associated with the psychomotor domain? a. reflex movements, basic fundamental movements, perceptual abilities, physical abilities, skilled movements, non-discursive communication b. receiving, responding, perceptual abilities, physical abilities, organizing, non-discursive communication c. synthesis, evaluation, valuing, perceptual abilities, physical abilities, skilled movements, non-discursive communication d. comprehension, application, analysis, physical abilities, organizing, non- discursive communication 25) Clearly stated objectives can help physical education, exercise science and sport professionals a. interpret the field to the public b. understand the aims of physical education and sport c. make meaningful decisions d. all of the above 26) Which type of objective is concerned with helping an individual make personal adjustments and develop an appropriate self-concept? a. affective development b. cognitive development c. physical fitness development d. motor skill development 27) The proportion of Americans living below the poverty level is approximately a. 8% b. 12% c. 18% d. 24% 28) Compared with physically active individuals, sedentary individuals have a. twice the risk for coronary heart disease b. three times the risk for coronary heart disease c. five times the risk for coronary heart disease d. ten times the risk for coronary heart disease 29) Corporate fitness programs have been shown to be cost-effective because they achieve all but one of the following objectives: a. increased productivity b. improved employee health c. increased absenteeism d. lower insurance costs 30) Although 23% of NCAA Division I athletes are African Americans, only ___ % of head athletic trainers are African Americans. a. 2% b. 5% c. 12% d. 15% 31) In 2000, chronic diseases accounted for ___ % of all deaths and the majority of health costs each year. a. 40% b. 50% c. 60% d. 70% 32) Which is NOT one of the top three modifiable causes of death in the United States? a. diet b. diabetes c. tobacco d. physical inactivity 33) It is estimated that by 2010 ethnic and racial minority groups will account for ____% of the population compared to 20% of the population in 1980. a. 12.5% b. 25 % c. 32% d. 45% 34) All of the following are benefits of regular physical activity given by the text EXCEPT a. promotes psychological well-being b. reduces feelings of depression and anxiety c. helps build and maintain healthy bones, muscles, and joints d. reduces the risk of developing diabetes e. all of the above are benefits of regular exercise 35) Currently it is estimated that ____ % of the adult population is overweight or obese. a. 32% b. 67% c. 83% d. 20% 36) Which of the following is a conclusion of the 1996 Surgeon General's Report on Physical Activity and Health? a. At least 25% of young people engage in light to moderate activity. b. Participation in physical activity increases as age or grade in school increases. c. From 1991 to 1995, the number of students enrolled in daily physical education decreased. d. About 14% of young people are inactive, reporting no vigorous or light-to- moderate activity. 37) The latest information on adult participation in physical activity reveals that a. Over 50% of adults participated in no physical activity during their leisure time. b. Physical activity was greatest among minority population and lowest among the white population. c. Approximately 25% of adults reported participating in no leisure time physical activities. d. Physical activity was greatest among the lowest socio-economic groups. 38) Which of the following is NOT an excuse given for not participating in physical activity? a. time constraints b. unsafe environments c. lack of knowledge d. access to facilities e. all of the above were given as excuses for not participating in regular physical activity 39) Which is NOT a focus of the wellness movement? a. illness treatment b. health promotion c. disease prevention d. lifestyle management 40) In 2000, _____ % of adults were considered overweight or obese. ___ % of children and youth were found to be overweight. a. 50%, 15% b. 60%, 15% c. 70%, 20% d. 75%, 20% 41) In 2000, President Bush's education initiative called for greater accountability and higher standards. This initiative was called ______________. a. No Child Left Behind b. Nation at Risk c. Healthy People 2010 d. Physical Education Is Critical to a Complete Education 42) Which physical education leader played an instrumental role in the development of the “new physical education” in the early 1900s? a. Riis b. Wood c. Nissen d. Brace 43) Which physical education leader "was the inventor of basketball"? a. Beck b. Wood c. Williams d. Naismith 44) During World War I the Selective Service examination demonstrated that a. one third of the men were unfit b. the country was physically fit c. physical education programs were doing a good job of keeping the nation fit d. the country was at the peak of readiness 45) The Depression of the 1930s resulted in a. a rise in concern for physical education b. improvements in all areas of physical education c. many new jobs in physical education d. improvement in park construction and recreational facilities 46) Jesse F. Williams’ approach to physical education emphasized all but one of the following beliefs a. Physical education contributes to the total development of the child. b. Physical educators should model their program on the “education of the physical” philosophy. c. Physical education contributes to the development of the mind and the body. d. Physical education and athletics have a vital role in developing socially responsible citizens. 47) Physical education programs in early modern Germany focused on all but one of the following: a. developing strong citizens through school and community programs. b. emphasized correction of posture and promotion of health. c. emphasized the development of strength d. formation of Turnvereins to develop strong youth. 48) In ancient Rome, individuals a. enjoyed watching professionals competing in gladiatorial sports b. adopted the Greeks' program of gymnastics and their lofty ideals for competition c. participated in physical education programs for enjoyment d. participated in physical education to prepare their bodies as a temple for the soul 49) Compared to physical education programs in Germany, physical education programs in Sweden emphasized a. military preparedness. b. strength and rigid responses. c. precise movements in response to commands. d. development of strong citizens to defend the country. 50) In the 1970s the focus of health care shifted from the treatment and cure of disease to a. stress management b. health promotion and disease prevention c. physical fitness d. nutrition 51) Opportunities for participation by girls and women in sport have grown since the passage of a. Title I b. Title X c. Title XI d. Title IX 52) The National Children and Youth Fitness Study I and II revealed that a. young people today are significantly fatter than the young people of the 1960s b. most young people participate in physical activity to the extent necessary to develop and maintain cardiovascular endurance c. the fitness movement is having a positive impact on most of the nation's young people d. because of the fitness movement, young people today are in excellent shape 53) Charles McCloy emphasized the importance of a. social development through physical activity. b. measurement of progress through documenting results and using scientific data. c. promoting the development of values through the medium of physical education. d. fitness as a means to enhance intellectual development through the use of scientific approaches. 54) During the Colonial period in the United States, the growth of physical education was encouraged by a. religious beliefs b. the need to be strong to survive the agrarian existence c. sports brought from native lands d. the emphasis given to it in the school curriculum 55) The YRBSS revealed that ____ % of high schoolers attend physical education daily. a. About 20% b. About 30% c. About 40% d. About 50%. 56) Developments in athletics in the 1950s included all of the following EXCEPT a. a decrease in boys' and men's athletics because of increased abuses b. an increase in sport opportunities for girls and boys below the high school level c. a decrease in emphasis on team sports and an increase in emphasis on lifetime sports d. an increase in intramurals as a means of providing opportunities for all students, not just the elite. 57) Over the past 40 years, national health reports have documented the contribution of physical activity to health. These reports include all of the following EXCEPT a. Condition of Education b. Healthy People 2010 c. Objectives for the Nation d. Physical Activity and Health 58) In 1955, which president established the President's Council on Youth Fitness? a. President Kennedy b. President Truman c. President Eisenhower d. President Roosevelt 59) What monumental event occurred in the 1990s that had a significant impact on the world and the Olympics? a. The collapse of the Berlin Wall b. The collapse of the Soviet Union c. Both A and B had significant impact on the world and the Olympics d. None of the above 60) The philosophy of muscular Christianity stressed that a. religious prohibitions against sport should be respected. b. sports activities reinforced moral values and should not be prohibited by religions. c. sports activities were not inherently sinful but should be prohibited because of associated gambling. d. Sports and religion should remain separate and not be tied together. 61) Health, recreation, and dance are sub-disciplines of physical education, exercise science, and sport. 62) The focus of sports psychology is the study of the influences of psychological factors on motor performance. 63) Motor learning is the study of human movement. 64) The function of a philosophy is to assist in the development and clarification of beliefs and values as well as to aid in decision making. 65) Physical education, exercise science, and sport share a common focus--human movement or, more generally, physical activity. 66) With the increase in specialization, there has been an increase in scholarly study of physical education. 67) The largest professional organization for physical education is NATA. 68) The physical world is the central focus of the philosophy of naturalism. 69) Progressives believed that education was suppressing the social condition of society. 70) The belief that the mind and the body are separate entities is termed monism. 71) In monism, physical activity is viewed as important as intellectual activity. 72) School physical education programs are only secondary avenues for helping children and youth learn the skills, knowledge, and attitudes to lead a healthy, physically active lifestyle. 73) Exercise science is a very broad field of study, encompassing many different aspects of physical activity. 74) Health instruction can encompass many areas, including disease prevention, mental health, nutrition, physical fitness, stress management, and the abuse of drugs and alcohol. 75) The activity levels of young children and adolescents increase with age. 76) One of the goals of Healthy People 2010 is to increase life expectancy. 77) Movement can serve as the medium for educating people about their physical, mental, emotional, and social development. 78) According to the NATA's Content Standards in Physical Education, a physically educated person should demonstrate competency in many movement forms and proficiency in a few movement forms. 79) The acquisition and interpretation of knowledge is the focus of the psychomotor development objective. 80) Taxonomies serve as a guide for professionals in planning for learning outcomes and achievement of the desired goals. 81) The learning of physical activities involves cognitive processes. 82) Decision-making skills and self-management skills are not important for achieving wellness. 83) NASPE identifies the primary goal of assessment as the documentation of learning rather than the enhancement of learning. 84) The following categories are associated with the psychomotor domain: receiving, responding, perceptual abilities, physical abilities, organizing, and non-discursive communication. 85) The Condition of Education 2000 and The Condition of Education 2001 revealed that the country has made no progress toward achievement of the Education 2000 goals. 86) The physical activity of high school students increases as their grade level increases. 87) Poverty adversely affects educational achievement. 88) It is estimated that physical inactivity, poor diet, and being overweight contribute to at least two-thirds of all cancers. 89) Poverty rates have continued to increase in the twentieth century. 90) Whites have an infant mortality rate that is more than twice the rate for African Americans. 91) Whites have a death rate for cancer that is 30% higher than that of African Americans. 92) Individuals who are health literate tend to have a better health status. 93) The emphasis on cosmetic fitness is increasing and the emphasis on function fitness is decreasing. 94) The greatest increase in health club membership has occurred in members aged 18-25 95) Men represent more health club members than women. 96) Socioeconomic status is a significant influence on participation in physical activity. 97) To gain health benefits, an individual must exercise vigorously 5 days a week. 98) The wellness movement emphasizes that it is society's responsibility to provide for the health of its people. 99) An analysis by the Task Force on Physical Activity revealed that point-of- decision prompts are effective in increasing physical activity. 100) Early leaders in physical education were physicians, not physical educators.
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