SMEs are the most dynamic of our national economy, and is an important force for
promoting economic development. For China's SMEs, they face capital and small in
scale, business single, employees and quality, management system, not standard
problems to be solved. The face of complex and volatile business environment, more
and more SMEs are seeking information tools to help enhance their market
competitiveness, wants to make use of advanced Management Software To rationalize
the production resources and improve management and efficiency.
SMEs into the growth stage, the original management model will not adapt to
changes in external and internal environment, enterprises require a means to regulate
use of information technology management, ERP implementation is naturally the
most essential part. However, the small and medium enterprises on the date of birth
has its own characteristics of chronic disease and how to address these chronic disease
and the characteristics of the implementation of ERP, few take the route and spend
less money trying to improve the success rate is of concern to each of the main
problems for SMEs .
ERP application is an integrated engineering system, which includes pre-feasibility
studies, selection, system implementation, system acceptance, secondary development
phases, which, ERP selection is also a difficult start. Selection determines the
direction of the ERP project, selection process like the helm of the ship voyage, if the
helmsman in the wrong direction, then the full capacity of the drive can only be
deviated from farther and farther in the right direction. How the selection, as placed in
front of a problem for SMEs.
"Only election on, and not vote for you", which is the criteria for selection of SMEs.
"With information technology to stimulate industrialization, promote information",
the state understand the new path of industrialization strategy, the SME information
received unprecedented attention. However, information technology practice for
SMEs that invest hundreds of millions of information does not seem to bring people
to the expected benefits. In the process of SME information there are still some
misunderstanding, "information black hole", "the information system project is court
death, is not to die" and other problems, has always plagued the success of SMEs in
the implementation of information technology. To this end, the author sums up the
choice in the SME ERP, they can be the following as reference:
First, select the ERP based on analysis of small and medium enterprises
According to a: ERP implementation of the enterprise must have accurate positioning.
ERP project is essentially a management project, rather than pure IT project, which
will involve the import and implementation of all aspects of enterprise management,
the need for enterprise management of existing, business processes, practices and
operating habits of system integration, to improve the management level and
efficiency of the continuous improvement of the main line. Therefore, before the ERP
project selection, business must be on the ERP project as a clear and accurate
positioning. A selection of the correct positioning of the project implementation can
even play a strong role in guiding direct impact on the effect of ERP projects.
Based on 2: ERP on-line time to be clear. In the selection of the beginning,
enterprises should investigate their own situation, understand the size of the business,
personnel quality, management, information base, etc., to make sure information
needs. SMEs have some similarities, such as weak management base, business
processes and organizational structures also need to continuously improve the
enterprise's development strategy may change as the market continued to adjust;
capital investment is limited to channel funds into the relative less; no corresponding
standard business processes; information base is weak, in the information technology
capital investment of less experienced information technology professionals less. In
addition, different enterprises have different characteristics, the status quo must be
clear in the analysis of these characteristics, different from the others dig their own
needs, such as determining ERP project will be launched and to determine whether
the system of categories and the use of an important basis for life.
Based on three: the company's own development plan as the basis for selection.
SMEs tend to be more concerned about the current business needs, such as some
much-needed improvement and an urgent need to improve the efficiency. This in itself
is no problem, but rather most firms ignore the long-term needs of the enterprise, such
as the future problems that may arise, that is, on its own information technology
without a comprehensive consideration, where there are holes where the meeting.
This may soon see the benefits, and only a relatively small cost to pay, but for the
future of information technology leaving a hidden danger. Followed in future, the
system may be used more and more enterprises, more and more complex, resulting in
the overall data can not be shared, the system repeated construction problems.
Based on four: the choice of service providers. Select an industry to focus on small
and medium sized service provider, the actual value is behind the professional
services team in the team, including experts in the industry of management consulting,
hardware and software engineers, etc., from the professional point of view they help
the user selection, analysis, implementation, and even the secondary development.
Therefore, choose the background of small and medium industry service providers
that meet real business needs of enterprises can cut the cost of ERP project.
Based on five: ERP project budget is the key to timely completion. Determine the
budget is to determine the basis for selection of breadth. As SMEs channel funds into
relatively small, therefore, should pay attention to the financial condition and
according to their ERP system is expected to determine the useful life of ERP project
budget framework, to ensure that the project proceed smoothly. Except for the actual
purchase of ERP software and consultancy company to pay the costs of
implementation, but also need to consider a lot of human resources-related costs, such
as user to ensure the project participants time to join due to the situation, a series of
overtime costs of the project, which will be on normal business operations under the
overall budget costs, a lot of pressure, therefore, these costs must be considered in the
project mobility budget. Adequate budget is to ensure that the key to ERP project
completed on time.
According to six: the communication between various departments within the
enterprise must be fully. Before the selection within the enterprise level discussions,
confirmed. Communication is very important for SMEs, most of the senior is a
member of the family, for the large amount of the investment, time, rate of return are
very concerned about, not our consensus and participation, is very easily lead to the
election Select type into a single price, it lost the meaning of investment in ERP
projects. Another key selection of communication products and businesses to choose
ERP fitness must have a good butt, ERP product to be suitable for application in the
enterprise business management processes, management needs, a considerable part of
the existing software is not suitable for
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