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North-South Railway Axis Rotterdam-Genoa - PowerPoint

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					    LOGISTICS and port policy:
WORKING TOGETHER FOR EFFICIENT TRADE IN THE EU



                         The Clecat Secretariat
                               for the
   EU Commission port policy workshop 5 – April 19th 2007
           Naples, Congress Centre of the Cruise Terminal
                  CONTENTS
•Presentation of Clecat
•Why logistics matters:
   –What is logistics, who makes it?
•Policy issues and logistics: discussing “inverted
commas” statements:
   –The “perfect” transport mode?
   –The issue of congestion
   –The issue of competitiveness
   –Facilitation and prevention
•Conclusions
   –Clecat takes a view – and other views
CLECAT ESSENTIALS
• FOUNDED in Brussels in 1958
• 28 MEMBERS → NATIONAL FEDERATIONS
    – Freight Forwarders & Logistic service providers national
      federations and confederations
    – Customs Agents national federations
    – Full, associated and observer Members
•   COMPANIES ALL KIND
    – Global players, SMEs and regional operators, family
      businesses
•   NUMBERS
    – Over 19.000 companies
    – Over 1 million direct FTE’s
    – CLECAT covers almost entire EU & European continent
• Clecat acts as Regional Committee of FIATA and
  participates in MIF (http://www.mif-eu.org/)                   3
                  What is logistics?
• A concept with military origins
   – Logistics\Logistics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.htm
   – Description of FF services (Fiata & Clecat websites):
       • Freight Forwarding and Logistic Services means services of any kind
         relating to the carriage (performed by single mode or multimodal
         transport means), consolidation, storage, handling, packing or distribution
         of the Goods as well as ancillary and advisory services in connection
         therewith, including but not limited to customs and fiscal matters,
         declaring the Goods for official purposes, procuring insurance of the
         Goods and collecting or procuring payment or documents relating to the
         Goods. Freight Forwarding Services also include logistical services with
         modern information and communication technology in connection with
         the carriage, handling or storage of the Goods, and de facto total supply
         chain management. These services can be tailored to meet the flexible
         application of the services provided
• Shippers and Consumers in the driving seat
   – Logistics is about everyday’s bread & butter.                             4
                Who’s who in logistics
• Transport-asset based services: direct (in general mono-modal) services :
         •   Road haulage (44,2%) Eurostat 2005, base tonkms
         •   Rail freight (10,0%) Eurostat 2005, base tonkms
         •   Inland navigation (3,3%) Eurostat 2005, base tonkms
         •   Maritime freight (39,1%) Eurostat 2005, base tonkms
         •   Air freight (0,1%) Eurostat 2005, base tonkms
         •   Pipelines (3,4%) Eurostat 2005, base tonkms
• Network services, hubs & pair connections:
    –   Road groupage, Rail-pairs networks & combined transport
    –   Maritime liners and airlines’ 8 freedoms of the air
    –   Integrators = one document for all purposes
    –   Freight Forwarding, warehousing and facilitation services
• The “Hardware”:
    – Ports, inland terminals and airports
    – Road and Rail networks
    – IWT corridors
• The “Software”:
    – ICT, data exchange, paperless transactions, ERP
    – Single window                                                           5
        The value of logistics
                             , during consultation with
  stakeholders on April 25th 2006:
• Logistics in numbers:
   – Logistics costs = 10-15% of final product costs
      (transport, warehousing, inventory holding)
   – Global logistics industry = USD 6,7 trillion/year or
      13,8% of global GDP
   – European logistics expenditure = USD 1,2
      trillion/year or 13,3% of GDP
• “logistics is at the service of transport, as it plays a key
  role in ensuring sustainable mobility” – well, yes?
                                                           6
        POLICY: WP 2010 and beyond
• EC has adopted some re-orientations of its transport policy until
  2010 based on 2 new concepts:
    – Optimisation of each mode’s potential
    – Co-modality: efficient use of each transport modes on its own and
      combined
• Active involvement of CLECAT → ideas taken on board in the
  WP mid term review, in particular:
    –   “decoupling” is no longer deemed a realistic objective
    –   Approach on “modal shift”  co-modality
    –   MidtermReviewWP2001replyQuestions
    –   Honey & Bees Press Release
• “One of the major tasks of the European Union is the creation of a single
  transport market.”
    – In practice this exists only in road mode… is this what we need? Can we
      push harder?
                                                                              7
           The “Perfect” transport mode
• Freight & passenger: truckers vs. holidaymakers?
• The mode specific (wrong?) view: mono-modal (alternative?) solutions
    – “The development of specialised transport and indeed the development of Short Sea shipping as
      an alternative to road transport will indeed bring better and more permanent jobs to the places
      delivering an efficient 24h/7d service. We have to work towards this overall objective.”
• Focus on client vs. asset: multimodal (co-modal) solutions
• Modal split
    – Propaganda & reality in modal split/shift
    – Public and private transport systems, where do we want to go?
    – Freight and passenger: ladies first?
• What is a “more sustainable” mode of transport?
    – Where does the energy come from?
    – A mode of transport for all seasons, or tailor-made logistics?
• Intermodal transport: one of the tools of logistics
• CLECAT - Freight Logistics 2006 statement

                                                                                                        8
         The issue of competitiveness
• “Regarding transport logistics, there is a need to
  improve competitiveness of EU enterprises, calling for
  higher quality, punctuality and efficiency in transport”
    – Not a logistics issue, rather a transport service quality issue:
       • Logistics can improve the efficiency of transport services and/or
         mitigate their inefficiencies, not transform them!
• EU business needs logistics providers successfully competing in the global
  economy
    – Regulatory constraints may impact on flexibility and resilience
    – Regulatory constrains may work as driver for change:
         • Emissions rules
         • Liberalisation in rail market
         • Innovation as a driver for growth:
              – New technology & processes (e.g. mobile ICT, RFID, OBU, spatial governance)
         • Consolidation and integration of services
• EU logistics sector enjoys steady growth about 5% a year, we are world
  leaders: is it a crown in peril?
    – Keep your freight charges home!                                                         9
10
             The Perfect Issue: Congestion
• Public & private users share same infrastructure:
    – Congestion (s)
         • Time sharing induced
         • Infrastructure induced
         • Formalities induced
• “Infrastructure resources are limited and any disruption in the supply chain has a
  negative impact on the EU economy. Europe’s transport system needs to be
  optimised by means of advanced logistics solutions”
   – First things first! Does not one first need good infrastructure to
      deploy advanced logistics solution?
   – Ok Infrastructure pricing, if earmarked
   – Technology for congestion mitigation? Yes, also.
• A professional’s view on the issue of congestion
• FP7 tackles congestion as one of the main problems in transport and logistics, but we
  need to come to terms with lacking funds for infrastructure investments.

                                                                                 11
                 A question of balance
• “an adequate distribution of quality ports on the shores and rivers of the Union
  with appropriate hinterland connections is indeed key to an efficient and sustainable
  EU transport network”
    –  what is “adequate”?
• “Spatial planning, cooperation between ports, regions and Member States could be
  part of the response to accommodate intelligently and sustainably the generally
  expected traffic increase.”
    – Would it be of benefit to different European regions if there were a more even
      distribution of port traffic across Europe?
• “[in growing transport demand and congestion] it is legitimate to ask:
  how to reduce locally the quantity of transport? Through a better
  distribution of traffic flows, of terminals and of access infrastructure, but
  also through a better use of existing capacity or indeed through better
  logistics?”
    – What is “better logistics”?
                                                                                 12
                         Ships’ expectations
• “Do hinterland connections influence shipping lines' choice when deciding which port
  to call on? Which are the relevant factors for your decision: price, timeliness,
  reliability, services?”
    – Infrastructure variables:
         •   vessel side: larger vessels or feeders, percentage of transhipment, average vessel size
         •   road truck side: random arrival or appointment system
         •   Shape of terminal, ground limitations
         •   distance between the quay and container yard
         •   suitability for block stacking
         •   max. possible stacking height or wheel loads
         •   Required storage capacity vs. space available
    – Costs & service variables:
         •   depends on traffic volume, dwell time and peaks
         •   cost of space variables: increasing cost of waterfront, cost of infrastructure
         •   Labour costs and availability
         •   huge labour cost differences between market areas
         •   percentage of labour costs can vary between below 10% to over 50% of the overall costs
         •   in the future availability of labour may become an issue
                                                                                                       13
        ICT, innovation & eMaritime

• “The proper functioning of the logistics chain requires well-performing information
  and communication systems that allow the means of transport to synchronize their
  activities and for the transported goods to reach their destination. The specific
  circumstances of Europe – geography, density of production and population, quality
  of life, etc – means that we must pay special attention to logistics.”
    – US focused on logistics about 20 years ahead of us without the need of any
      specific circumstance, but for mere business reasons
• “In this context, GPS / Galileo and RFID communications will revolutionize the
  freight transport sector”
    – We would already be happy that they helped fleet management and parcel count
• “The E-Maritime concept encompasses E-Navigation as a component.”
    – Clecat Maritime Committee is happy with this idea and hope it will help
      streamline intra-community maritime administrative processes


                                                                                   14
                  Facilitation vs. Prevention
•   “The European Commission Directorate-General for Taxation and Customs Union (DG TAXUD) has
    been working on the single window concept for quite some time.”
     – What is your initial reaction to the single window concept?
     – What other comments / suggestions do you have on the subject?
• Security Amendment of the Customs Code
     – Pre-arrival/departure declaration: applicable from 1.7.2009
     – AEO: applicable from 1.1.2008
• Modernised Customs Code
     – Commission Proposal to digitalise all Customs transactions
• Electronic Customs
     – MASP (multi-annual strategic plan)
• Unreasonable expectation: using computers instead of service providers;
• Reasonable expectation: delivering more competitive and more efficient services
  with better interconnected ICT products.
• Logistics, freight forwarding and Customs representatives are a big market
  for ICT providers: well working, interoperable systems can help us deliver
  better services!                                                           15
                Clecat takes a view
•   Logistics is not the panacea to solve mobility problems (not any more than
    intermodality)
•   Logistics is a business and not a concept: it has to be commercially viable, i.e.
    logistics service providers must fulfil their clients’ requirements and be given
    the possibility to do so
•   Logistics is not just about transport: logistic services are more complex, wide-
    ranging and go well beyond the mere organisation of a transport journey
•   As far as transport is concerned, logistic service providers can only operate
    within the limits of what is available in terms of infrastructure, solutions and
    services
•   Like for transport in general, the main issue for ports is and will be
    infrastructure and competition, within the port and between ports
•   Infrastructure and competition are key issues for successful port services

•   CLECAT advocates clear and effective guidelines on state
    aid: this is what logistics expect from the Commission
                                                                                 16
          Clecat takes another view
•   “Thought   should be given to bringing together all the links in the logistics chain
    (consignors, ship-owners and any others involved in the shipping industry, plus
    road, rail and inland waterway operators) in a one-stop shop to make
    intermodal transport by sea and inland waterway as reliable, flexible and easy to
    use as road transport.”
     – Is the one stop shop value for money? Would customers pay for it?
     – What has this one-stop-shop to offer more than freight forwarders, 3PL’s,
       4PL’s, logistics service providers? Is this bringing added value?

     Whereas one-stop-shop always existed (freight forwarders) there may be an
      advantage to streamline a complicated service by creating a simpler and more
      efficient regulatory environment: Clecat members welcome a more business-
      friendly environment:

     less bureaucracy and more business for EU international
      trade !!
                                                                                  17
www.clecat.org



      Let’s work together!

                             18

				
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