Shot Sizes Camera Techniques: Distance EWS: Extreme Wide Shot WS: Wide Shot MWS: Medium Wide Shot MS: Mid Shot MCS: Medium Close Shot CS: Close Shot (Not the same CU) WCU: Wide Close Up MCU: Medium Close Up CU: Close Up ECU: Extreme Close Up These are the basic shot types and sizes available when using a video camera. Wide shots (EWS, WS, MWS). Wide shots are shots which show all or most of a fairly large subject (for example, a person) and usually much of the surroundings. Extreme Wide Shot (EWS) – is usually an establishing shot: In this type of shot the camera is at its furthest distance from the subject, emphasising the background. Medium Wide Shot (MWS): In the case of a standing actor, the lower frame line cuts off his feet and ankles. Medium shots (MS, MCS, CS). Medium Shot or Mid-Shot (MS). In such a shot the subject or actor and its setting occupy roughly equal areas in the frame. In the case of the standing actor, the lower frame passes through the waist. There is space for hand gestures to be seen. Medium Close Shot (MCS): The setting can still be seen. The lower frame line passes through the chest of the actor. Medium shots are frequently used for the tight presentation of two actors (the two shot), or three actors (the three shot). Close-ups (MCU, CU, ECU). A picture which shows a fairly small part of the scene, such as a character's face, in great detail so that it fills the screen. MCU (Medium Close-Up): head and shoulders. CU (Close-Up): forehead to chin. ECU (Extreme Close-Up): Just the eyes. Close-ups focus attention on a person's feelings or reactions, and are sometimes used to show people in a state of emotional excitement, grief or joy. In these shots the use of CUs may emphasise the characters tension and suggest lying or guilt.