SUDAN CONSORTIUM: UK STATEMENT
I would first like to state that the UK government is deeply disappointed
with the Sudanese Government’s decision to cancel the high level
humanitarian meeting that was due to be held day. This offered a timely
opportunity for the government to reaffirm its co-operation and support to
the humanitarian effort in Darfur. Without a set of measures to improve
the operating environment for humanitarian agencies in Darfur, there is a
real danger that these agencies will be forced to withdraw. I am sure that I
do not have to underline the seriousness of the implications of this for the
people of Darfur should this occur. I strongly urge the Government to
reflect on what message it is giving by cancelling this meeting and for it
to give very close consideration to the need to issue a statement of what
measures it will take to improve the way agencies can operate.
The UK is firmly committed to supporting Sudan, but this move does not
augur well for generating a development partnership. Partnership requires
commitment from both sides. The government’s slow progress in
delivering commitments made on Darfur in Addis Ababa, on CPA
implementation and in making unity attractive cannot be ignored by its
partners. If the international community is to meet its commitments and
pledges for Sudan, Sudan must also meet hers. For our part, Sudan
remains a top priority for the UK government.
CPA – Progress to Date
We recently celebrated the CPA’s second anniversary. There has been
some progress - and we welcome this. The Governments of National
Unity and Southern Sudan are well established. The Assessment and
Evaluation Commission has made a promising start. Over $1.8 billion of
oil revenues has been transferred from the centre to the Government of
Southern Sudan. The Multi Donor Trust Funds are finally beginning to
deliver. The Joint Integrated Units have been established. The Sudan
Armed Forces (SAF) are so far on schedule with their redeployment from
the South and we look forward to the completion of this process by July
But, we must ask ourselves if this is where we expected to be two years
on from Naivasha?
President Bashir and First Vice President Kiir re-affirmed their
commitment to delivering the CPA during its second anniversary
celebrations in January. But these statements need to be underpinned by
serious action. Major issues under the CPA remain outstanding. These
pose a credible threat to the CPA’s future and ordinary Sudanese people’s
belief that making peace brings about positive change.
The absence of an agreed North/South border has major implications for
meeting key security and wealth sharing milestones. The Abyei problem
must be resolved quickly. Without a civil administration there, law and
order are threatened and local people have little to no access to basic
health, education and water. We are concerned about the slow pace of
preparations for elections. There is now a real risk that they will not be
held on time. The CPA requires a population census by the end of 2007.
It will be difficult to meet this commitment. The National Petroleum
Commission’s work needs urgent acceleration. Despite being established,
the Joint Integrated Units are far from integrated. And the continued
presence of Other Armed Groups in southern Sudan is a major obstacle to
peace and the government’s ability to end the grinding poverty in the
If key CPA milestones are missed the mantra of “making unity attractive”
will sound hollow. The Agreement’s credibility will be irreversibly
undermined in the eyes of the Sudanese people. The potential for conflict
is never far away. Events in Malakal in November 2006 demonstrate this.
We call on both Parties to go beyond selective commitment and revitalise
the courage and vision displayed in Naivasha two years ago to truly make
the CPA work.
The UK’s Response
The UK remains committed to supporting the Parties to implement the
CPA. But, the flow of development assistance is based on a partnership.
The Government of National Unity must meet its responsibility of
making tangible progress across all the CPA’s components to fulfil its
part of this development deal. At Oslo we committed over $545 million
of humanitarian and development assistance to Sudan. Of this,
approximately $100 million is being channelled through the Multi Donor
Trust Funds. We are fully on track in disbursing our commitments. We
call on others to do the same.
We also provide a large bilateral programme in support of the CPA. This
includes a Basic Services Fund in southern Sudan, which will provide
$35 million of community assistance in areas of greatest needs. We are
also delivering substantial support to enhance the capacity of government
ministries both in Khartoum and Juba. Another key area is capacity
building in the justice sector in the North and South, to which we have
committed $18 million, and we intend to provide support to help pave the
way for elections in 2008/09.
I would like to take this opportunity to formally announce our
contribution of $80 million to the Common Humanitarian Fund, as part of
our response to the 2007 UN Work Plan. Through this, the UK will be a
major supporter of the humanitarian needs of those returning to their
homes following the end of the civil war.
The UK will continue to be an active member of the AEC and chair the
Security Working Group. We also stand ready to provide more support to
enhance this Commission’s impact. The UK notes with interest the
proposal of a renewed role for the Inter-Governmental Authority on
Development on the CPA, and will consider providing support if
As part of our long-term commitment to peace and sustainable
development in Sudan we have established a large-scale presence both in
Khartoum and Juba. In the South, the UK is a member of the pioneering
Joint Donor Team. This represents five of Sudan’s major bilateral
partners and seeks to better harmonise efforts amongst development
agencies and reduce transaction costs for the government.
The international community is often accused of relegating the
North/South agreement to a second order priority after Darfur. This is not
true. The CPA is central to peace across all of Sudan. It is the foundation
for the Darfur Peace Agreement. Its failure will lead to failure in
achieving a sustainable peace in Darfur and continue to divert essential
development assistance for Sudan to short term humanitarian
But, the human suffering in Darfur needs to be addressed immediately.
The humanitarian and security situation in Darfur is appalling with
attacks on those trying to help the people. The UK is working at the
highest level to help find a lasting peace in Darfur, in co-ordination with
others in the international community. We are the second largest bilateral
donor to Darfur, having so far contributed over $350 million. The Prime
Minister, Foreign Secretary, Secretary of State for International
Development and FCO Minister for Africa are all personally working for
peace and an end to suffering in Darfur.
The UN and AU, with the support of the International Community,
mapped out a way forward in Addis Ababa in November 2006, including
the need for an immediate and strengthened ceasefire; a renewed political
process to bring in the non-signatory rebel groups; and a hybrid AU-UN
peacekeeping force. But this cannot be achieved without co-operation
from all sides. We have repeatedly made clear to all parties to the
conflict that they must co-operate or there will be consequences. But
they have not listened. The time has come for the international
community to take action. The UK will be at the forefront of these
Measures under discussion include targeted sanctions and the extension
of the UN arms embargo across all of Sudan. And we will continue to
hold out the prospect of further action, including a no fly zone unless the
Government of Sudan starts to live up to its Addis commitments, and the
rebels adhere to a ceasefire and commit to a political process. It is a
positive sign that the ICC Prosecutor has asked the Judges to consider
issuing summonses for two individuals. We cannot pre-judge the
decision of the ICC judges, but we will continue to give our full support
to the ICC. We continue to make clear to the authorities in Khartoum
that they must co-operate fully.
I conclude. Sudan is at a critical stage of its path to peace and prosperity.
Make the CPA happen. Meet your international commitments on Darfur.
Then, and only then, can Sudan build a better future for its people.