Practice Management - TSBPA Written Handout

Document Sample
Practice Management - TSBPA Written Handout Powered By Docstoc
					                 BOARD RULES & PRACTICE MANAGEMENT

FIRM REGISTRATION

    AUDITS

    If you perform audits, compilations or reviews in Texas you need to perform the
    attest service through a registered firm. Even if you are practicing in Texas under
    the “Practice Privilege” provisions of the Public Accountancy Act, you need to
    practice through a registered firm.

    The Practice Privilege, aka Mobility, was created in 2007 by the legislature and
    allows an out of state CPA to come into Texas on a temporary basis to provide
    accounting services without an individual license so long as the CPA does not
    perform attest work. When the out of state CPA comes into Texas to perform this
    attest work, they aren’t required to have an individual license but they are
    required to provide the service through a registered firm.

    NON-ATTEST

    If your work consists exclusively of tax work and bookkeeping you are not
    required to practice through a registered firm so long as you do not hold out to be
    a CPA. If you do hold out you may still practice through an unregistered firm if
    you use the disclaimer “This firm is not a CPA firm” and the disclaimer is in
    conspicuous proximity to the firm name.

FIRM NAME

    The general rule in a firm name is that it must have the name or surname of a
    current or former CPA owner of the firm or the firm’s predecessor and the name
    must not be misleading.

            MISLEADING

            A firm name is presumed misleading if:

            1. it contains the name of a non-owner, unless it’s the name of a former
            owner;
            2. states or implies quality of services, special expertise, expectation of
            favorable outcomes, or misleading geographic areas;
            3. includes the name of a non-owner;
            4. implies licensing recognition not supported in fact;
            5. includes designations that implies more than one CPA.

            PRESUMED NOT-MISLEADING IF IT:

            1. contains the name or initials of current or former CPA owners;
            2. states or implies a limitation on the type of services offered;
            3. indicates the legal organization of the firm.

          SOLE PROPRIETORS

            1. must contain the surname of the sole proprietor as it appears on the
               CPA certificate;
            2. upon death of the sole proprietor the firm may operate for up to 15
               months under another CPA with a power of attorney.

          PARTNERSHIPS AND CORPORATIONS

            1. a partner surviving the death of the others may continue to practice up
            to 2 years under the name;
            2. may not use the name of a CPA prohibited from practicing;
            3. any change in the legal organization of the firm must be reported to the
                Board within 30 days.

CONFIDENTIALITY

     Information communicated to you by your client in connection with the services
     you provide is confidential information and must not be disclosed without the
     client’s consent except:

            1. when provided for by the professional standards for reporting on the
               examination of a financial statement;
            2. pursuant to a summons issued pursuant to the authority of the IRS
               Code or Securities Act or Securities Exchange Act or a court order;
            3. in response to an investigation conducted by the Board;
            4. in response to an ethical investigation conducted by a professional
               organization of Certified Public Accountants;
            5. in the course of a Peer Review.

AUDITS-SUBSEQUENTLY DISCOVERED FACTS

     Being an auditor is counterintuitive. You aren’t necessarily working for the
     person that employed you. You’re providing the public with the assurance that it
     can rely on your client’s financial statements.

     AU Section 561 requires an auditor who becomes aware of information
     subsequent to the offer of his opinion that would affect the opinion he offered, to
     advise his client to make disclosures to persons who would likely rely on his
     opinion. If the client refuses to make the disclosures then the auditor is obligated
     to disclose to appropriate regulatory authorities and persons likely to rely on his
     opinion. A proposed Board rule addresses this situation.
UNAUTHORIZED PRACTICE OF PUBLIC ACCOUNTANCY

    The following licensees are engaged in the unauthorized practice of public
    accountancy.

           1. Licensees performing an audit without a firm registration;
           2. Licensees that provide accounting services when their license has been
           suspended; Accounting services include:
                  a. issuing a report on financial statements;
                  b. preparing a tax return;
                  c. providing advice in a tax matter;
                  d. providing management or financial advisory or consulting
                  services;
                  e. recommending the sale of a product if the recommendation
                  requires or implies accounting or auditing skill;
                  f. providing forensic accounting services; and
                  g. providing internal auditing services.
           3. Non-licensees may not hold out to the public as an accountant, auditor
           or assert an expertise in accounting or auditing nor assume or use the title
           CPA or any other title, designation, or abbreviation likely to be confused
           with Certified Public Accountant. Surveys have demonstrated that the
           public believes that a person using the term accountant, offering
           accounting services or auditing services is a CPA.


REPORTABLE EVENTS

    1. A licensee shall report in writing to the board the occurrence of any of the
    following events within 30 days of the date the licensee has knowledge of these
    events:

    (A) the conviction or imposition of deferred adjudication of the licensee of any of
    the following:

    (1) a felony;

    (2) a crime of moral turpitude;

    (3) any crime of which fraud or dishonesty is an element or that involves alcohol
    abuse or controlled substances; and

    (4) any crime related to the qualifications, functions, or duties of a certified public
    accountant, or to acts or activities in the course and scope of the practice of
    public accountancy or as a fiduciary.

    (5) the cancellation, revocation, or suspension of a certificate, other authority to
    practice or refusal to renew a certificate or other authority to practice as a
    certified public accountant or a public accountant, by any state, foreign country or
other jurisdiction;

(6) the cancellation, revocation, or suspension of the right to practice as a
certified public accountant or a public accountant before any governmental body
or agency or other licensing agency;

(7) an un-appealable adverse finding in any state or federal court or an agreed
settlement in a civil action against the licensee concerning professional
accounting services or professional accounting work; or

(8) the loss of a professional license from another state or federal regulatory
agency such as an insurance license or a securities license, resulting from an un-
appealable adverse finding.