Indemnity by sdsdfqw21

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									SOUTH AFRICAN HANG GLIDING
AND PARAGLIDING ASSOCIATION
Incorporating Powered Paragliding & Hang Gliding
PO Box 1993 Halfway House 1685
Tel & Fax: (012) 668-1219
E-mail: sahpa@paragliding.co.za web: www.sahpa.co.za


                       Powered Parachute Pilot’s Licence
        Trainee Pilot Information                               School Information
       Surname           First Names                     Name of School    Chief Instructor


                   Date of Birth                           Date of enrolment at the school


                  Home Address                                         Address of school




     Tel: Home                        Tel: Work            Tel: School            Tel: Instruct



                                                    Indemnity
I,                                            , the undersigned being an applicant to
attend the Powerchute training course, do hereby place on record that I will participate in
all activities at my own risk and being aware of all the hazards involved in flying, do
hereby for myself, my heirs, executors and assigns, indemnify and hold The School,
Instructors, SAHPA and/or its members, harmless against all claims for damages at the
instance of myself and/or any members of my family, for any loss or injury sustained by
me as a result of anything done or omitted by the said Instructor and/or members and/or
its servants and/or its agents, up to and including my date of application for the course
and/or during the period of the course.


Signed:

Full Name:

Dated at:                                     on this           day of                20


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Witness Signed:

Full Name of Witness:

Assisted by:


Requirements
The following are the minimum requirements for registration as a: Student; Basic Pilot;
Tandem Pilots; Assistant Instructor; Instructor.

                                                      Student
Qualifications           Registered as a student with SAHPA. Must be 14 years old to solo.

Testing:                 Pre-solo multiple-choice test, written pre-solo test, and oral test.

Privileges:              Solo with instructor endorsements.

Duration:                Valid for 5 months


                                                     Basic Pilot
Qualifications           Minimum of 10 hours of flight instruction with 3 hours of supervised
                         solo and 25 take-offs and landings.

Testing:                 Written, oral, and flight test.

Privileges:              Solo only.

Duration:                Renewable annually through SAHPA. A minimum of 20 logged flights,
                         or 10 hours flying is required for renewal.


                                                    Tandem Pilot
Qualifications           Minimum of 30 hours and 200 take-offs and landings.

Testing:                 Written, and practical flight test.

Privileges:              May fly dual.

Duration:                Renewable annually through SAHPA. A minimum of 20 logged
                         flights, or 10 hours flying is required for renewal.




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                                           Assistant Instructor
Qualifications           Minimum of 100 logged hours pilot in command and 400 take-offs and
                         landings. Must have completed the Basic and Tandem Pilot
                         requirements.

Testing:                 Oral, and flight test.

Privileges:              May fly dual.

Duration:                Renewable annually through SAHPA.


                                                    Instructor
Qualifications           Minimum of 100 logged hours pilot in command and 400 take-offs and
                         landings.

Testing:                 Written, oral, and flight test.

Privileges:              May train students, basic pilots, tandem pilots and assistant instructors.

Duration:                Renewable annually through SAHPA. A minimum of 20 logged
                         flights, or 10 hours flying is required for renewal.




Student Syllabus
Ground School

Equipment
1) The Canopy
   a) Daily checks and pre-flight checks.
      The student will demonstrate daily and pre-flight checks and demonstrate his
      knowledge of the materials and methods used in construction of the canopy.
   b) Theory and practical of canopy control.
      The student will demonstrate directional control of a paraglider canopy and a
      good understanding of how an inflatable wing behaves.
   c) An understanding of the differences between a paragliding canopy and a powered
      parachute canopy.
   d) Maintenance and inspection of canopy.
      The student will demonstrate his knowledge of the need for regular inspections
      and maintenance of the canopy, the risers and all attachment points.
2) Clothing



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          The student will demonstrate knowledge of the need for appropriate clothing,
          including boots, helmets, gloves, flying suit, etc. No scarves, jacket drawstrings,
          long hair!
3) Instruments
       The student will demonstrate the use of an altimeter (including the understanding
       and use of QNH settings) and a compass or GPS and will be able to demonstrate
       his knowledge of the circumstances in which these should be used. Application,
       concepts and usage of GPS, Variometer, Tachometer, EGT meters and other
       instruments will also be understood.
4) The Power Unit
   a) Configuration
      The student will demonstrate an understanding of all the component parts of the
      motor unit and their inter-relationships. Particular emphasis will relate to: -
          o Care, balancing and tracking of propellers
          o Safety cages and the importance of maintaining them in good condition.
          o Fuel taps; ignition switches; emergency engine stopping.
          o Spark plug and lead
          o The risk of damage to the motor unit during transit.
          o Vibrations, their effects and method of preventing its consequences.
   b) Mixing Fuel
      The student will demonstrate an understanding of:
          o Mixing fuel
          o Different mixtures for running in and subsequent periods and the need to
              keep an engine log book.
          o The difference between synthetic and other oils.
          o Reasons why petrochemicals and paragliders don’t mix.
   c) Safety
      The student must gain an understanding of: -
          o The need to operate safely and what can go wrong.
          o Ways of protecting himself and others; an appreciation of the power.
          o Dangers of propellers.
          o Safety procedures associated with helpers when starting the motor unit.
          o Procedures in the event of fire.
          o General fitness, eyesight, the effect of drugs, alcohol, etc.
   d) Starting Procedures
      The student must gain an understanding of starting procedures, including: -
          o Clearing the area around the propeller.
          o Checking the motor unit to ensure that everything is in its proper place, eg.
              plug lead.
          o Check fuel level is sufficient for planned flight.
          o Fuel tap
          o Choke
          o Pull start handle
          o Demonstrate an understanding of the warm-up procedure for correct
              running.
          o On dual ignition systems, check operation of each ignition set.


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5) Ground control without the canopy.
   a) Important points
         o Get to know the power force and the reaction of the steering wheel and the
             reaction of the throttle.
         o Driving to fast is dangerous and doesn’t help the learning process.
         o Never try to stop the vehicle with your legs.
         o Avoid collisions or rolling of the vehicle. If a roll is inevitable, switch the
             engine off, shrink your body and hold your arms in and do nothing. The
             frame is designed to protect you.
   b) General explanations of canopy, frame, engine, instruments and pre-flight checks.
   c) Drive using the front wheel steering and throttle; perform circles, figure 8s, and
      weaving while paying attention to the surroundings, ie. looking up, to the sides
      and forward..
   d) Cut the engine practice.

Weather
1) General weather
      The student will demonstrate a general understanding of weather patterns, and
      associated wind direction and strength.
2) Weather patterns and forecasts
     The student will demonstrate an understanding of how weather systems affect
     flying conditions. An understanding of the following will be demonstrated:-
         o Forecasts
         o Cloud recognition.
         o High and low pressure systems and fronts.
         o Unstable weather, turbulence and gust fronts.
         o Stable weather, effect on visibility and inversions.
3) Local weather
      The student will demonstrate an understanding of how the following affect flying
      conditions:-
          o Airflow on and around hills.
          o Katabatic flow
          o Wind gradient
          o Turbulence, venturi effect and gusts.
          o Effects of rotor
          o Sea breezes
          o Thermals and cumulus cloud development.
          o Standing waves and their effects.

4) Weather in XC situations
     The student will demonstrate an awareness that powered paragliders can fly in
     locations and maintain height where gliders are not able to do so. The need to
     maintain an awareness of overall wind direction and its effect in valley situations
     should be discussed and wind gradient in different topographical situations



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          considered. The student will demonstrate the ability to assess suitable flying
          weather.

Theory
1) Theory of flight - General
      The student will demonstrate a knowledge of:-
         o Principles of flight including drag, airflow over the wing, angle of attack,
              wing loading, glide angle & sink speed.
         o Effects of brakes on angle of attack and speed. The effects of flying too
              slowly (the stall).
         o Air speed – wind speed – ground speed.
         o Emergency and safety procedures.
2) Theory of flight – Powered Parachute
      The student will demonstrate a knowledge of:-
         o Lift, thrust, weight and drag and the effect of power on angles of attack.
         o Forces in turns and the effect on stall speed.
         o Climbing and diving turns.
         o Propeller theory.
         o Torque effects and how these can be controlled.
         o Understanding the “Centre of Gravity” and how to adjust it for a particular
              weight of pilot.
         o Hang points – the effects of altering.
         o The effects of weight on flying speed, stall speed / flare and the need for
              weight checks.
         o Understanding the concept that power equals climb and brake position
              equals air speed.
         o The effects of flying too slowly.
         o The effect of taking off with knots in the lines
         o The dangers of taking off with brakes.
         o Emergency and safety procedures.

3) Theory of flight - Airmanship
      The student will demonstrate a knowledge of:-
         o Dangers – power lines, trees, water
         o Turbulence and its consequences
         o Right of way, rules of the air
         o Choice of safe fields including climb-out clearance, ground conditions,
              turbulence generators.
         o Assessment of conditions for flight
         o Emergency stopping and take-off abort.
         o Techniques for avoiding and recovering from where appropriate; tucks,
              stalls and spins, and sudden loss of power.
         o Emergency and safety procedures

4) Theory of flight – Air Law


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          The student will demonstrate a thorough knowledge of air law and regulations
          applicable to Powered Parachute aircraft with specific reference to the Air
          Navigation Rules (ANR) as appropriate:-
             o Collision avoidance
             o Landing Rules
             o Night (definition of)
             o Congested areas
             o Minimum heights
             o Visual flight rules (VFR)
             o Visual Met Conditions (VMC)
             o Airways
             o Air Space
             o Notams
             o Incident reports
             o Air charts
             o Restrictions and hazards
             o Aerodrome rules, signals and symbols.




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