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Construction Environmental Management Plan - Environmental

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									                                                            ANNEXURE “E”




                 Environmental Management Plan

                                   For The

            Management of the Construction Of The
                Proposed Sunrise Bay Estate

                             In Shelly Beach

             Within The Hibiscus Coast Municipality
                      Of KwaZulu - Natal




                                 18 July 2006




                                 Prepared By




             1 Ann Place, St Winifreds, Kingsburgh, 4126, South Africa
Telephone / Fax: 031 916 6976, Mobile: 083 321 9907, Email: nmhconsult@lantic.net
                      Construction Environmental Management Plan

                                                 CONTENTS

Chapter         Description                                                      Page


1               INTRODUCTION                                                      1-1

                1.1       Background                                              1-1

                1.2       Purpose of Environmental Management Plan                1-1

                1.3       Structure of the Environmental Management Plan          1-2

                1.4       References                                              1-3

2               PROJECT DESCRIPTION                                               2-4

                2.1       Site Location and Description                           2-4

                2.2       Project Description                                     2-4

3               LEGAL AND OTHER REQUIREMENTS                                      3-6

                3.1       Constitution                                            3-6

                3.2   Environmental Acts                                          3-6
                3.2.1 National Environmental Management Act 107 of 1998 (NEMA)    3-6
                3.2.2 Environment Conservation Act 73 of 1989                     3-7

                3.3   Air Emissions                                               3-8
                3.3.1 Dust Control                                                3-8
                3.3.2 Vehicular Emissions                                         3-8

                3.4       Water                                                   3-8
                3.4.1     Water Supply                                            3-8
                3.4.2     Wastewater                                              3-9
                3.4.3     Pollution                                               3-9

                3.5       Waste                                                  3-10

                3.6       Hazardous Materials Management                         3-10

                3.7       Heritage Management                                    3-10

                3.8       Explosives Management                                  3-11

                3.9       Occupational Health and Safety                         3-11

                3.10      Other                                                  3-11



Sunrise Bay Estate                                                               Page i
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Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
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4               ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE                                  4-13

                4.1       Preamble                                                     4-13

                4.2   Project Manager                                                  4-13
                4.2.1 Role and Responsibilities                                        4-13

                4.3   Environmental Control Officer (ECO)                              4-14
                4.3.1 Role and Responsibilities                                        4-14

                4.4   Contractor                                                       4-15
                4.4.1 Role and Responsibilities                                        4-15

                4.5   Sub-Contractors                                                  4-17
                4.5.1 Role and Responsibilities                                        4-17

                4.6   Compliance with the EMP                                          4-17
                4.6.1 Tolerances                                                       4-17
                4.6.2 Penalties                                                        4-18

                4.7       Removal from site, and suspension of the works               4-20

5               SIGNIFICANT SITE SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES, ASSOCIATED
                ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND MITIGATION MEASURES                           5-21

                5.1       Site Development Layout                                      5-21

                5.2       Existing indigenous forest, grassland and wetland areas      5-21

                5.3       Storm water management and the prevention of soil erosion    5-22

                5.4       Protection of flora and fauna from collecting and poaching   5-23

                5.5       Construction of security fence                               5-24

                5.6       Indigenous landscaping plan                                  5-24

                5.7       Removal of alien invasive vegetation                         5-24

                5.8       Construction Vehicle Speed Control                           5-24

6               TABLE A: SITE ESTABLISHMENT AND PRELIMINARY ACTIVITIES                 6-25

7               TABLE B: MANAGEMENT OF CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES                         7-35

8               TABLE C: POST CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES                                  8-48




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                     Page ii
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
FIGURES


Figure 1:         Final Detailed Layout

Figure 2:          Stormwater Management Plan Drawing Including Temporary Stormwater
                   Measures


ANNEXURES


Annexure A: Declaration of Understanding of the EMP

Annexure B: Main Actions Required by the Contractor for Compliance with the EMP

Annexure C: Construction Activities that will require Method Statements

Annexure D: Contractors Environmental Officer Daily Checklist (Example)

Annexure E: Contractors Environmental Officer Comprehensive Monthly Checklist
            (Example)

Annexure F: Department of Agriculture and Environmental Affairs Record of Decision - EIA
            5470




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                 Page iii
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
1        INTRODUCTION

1.1      Background


         The Sunrise Bay Estate, residential development consists of upmarket residential homes within a
         gated estate in Shelly Beach. The proposed housing estate will be developed on land that was
         previously used at large for agricultural and subsequently sand mining practices.

         NMH Consulting was appointed by the developers, Realty Dynamix 47 (Pty) Ltd to carry out the
         environmental impact assessment and, after the implementation of the appropriate EIA
         procedures, on 31 October 2005 an Environmental Authorization was granted by the relevant
         authorising authority, the KwaZulu - Natal Department of Agriculture and Environmental Affairs
         (hereafter referred to as DAEA).

         One of the Conditions of Approval within this Department’s Record of Decision (RoD) Report
         (See Annexure F for copy of RoD) was that a Construction Environmental Management Plan
         (EMP) must be prepared and approved by DAEA and Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife. Construction may
         not commence prior to the approval of the EMP. DAEA also stipulated that an independent
         environmental consultant visit the site during the construction process in order to audit the works
         against the EMP.

         NMH Consulting has therefore been appointed by Realty Dynamix 47 (Pty) Ltd to compile this
         Environmental Management Plan, for the construction phase of the proposed Sunrise Bay
         Estate.

         As indicated under point 9.5 of the RoD, the developer must give one week’s written notice to
         DAEA before the commencement of construction activities.


1.2      Purpose of Environmental Management Plan


         The preparation of this EMP for the construction of the Sunrise Bay Estate and associated
         infrastructure is in keeping with the environmental authorisation issued by DAEA through the
         abovementioned RoD.

         The EMP encourages best construction practice and ensures that environmental damage during
         construction is minimised, moreover, the purpose of the EMP will be to control the potential
         negative environmental impacts associated with the construction phase of the project in
         question, and/or to enhance any positive environmental impacts. The effective implementation
         of the EMP will ensure that the construction activities are conducted and managed in an
         environmentally sound and responsible manner.

         EMPs typically contain Environmental Specifications to which the appointed Contractor will be
         required to adhere to throughout the duration of his contract, to reduce or prevent negative
         environmental impacts to the surrounding environment. An EMP also details the organisational
         authority and structure required to ensure the effective implementation of the EMP and measures
         to monitor and improve the application of the EMP.

         The EMP sets out minimum requirements specified in South African environmental legislation,
         the ROD and general good environmental practices.



Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                      Page 1-1
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
         The EMP may be amended from time to time to ensure that any additional environmental
         requirements identified by key stakeholders are adequately covered. These amendments must
         be approved by DAEA.



1.3      Structure of the Environmental Management Plan


         In short, the EMP is structured as follows:

         Chapter 2                      Project Description

                                        This chapter provides a brief description of the site and
                                        overview of the proposed housing development.

         Chapter 3                      Legal and Other Requirements

                                        This chapter provides an overview of the legal framework,
                                        which forms the basis for the EMP and within which the
                                        project occurs.

         Chapter 4                      Organisation and Management Structure

                                        This chapter describes the typical roles and responsibilities
                                        for those organisations and individuals who are to be
                                        associated with the implementation of the EMP.

         Chapter 5                      Significant Site    Specific   Activities, Associated
                                        Environmental Issues and Mitigation Measures

                                        This chapter highlights the main development related
                                        activities that have the potential to result in environmental
                                        impacts and stipulates mitigation measures that must be
                                        implemented to reduce the chance of negative impacts
                                        occurring.

         Chapter 6                      Site Establishment and Preliminary Activities

                                        This chapter identifies potential environmental impacts that
                                        are typical of the site establishment phase of a project and
                                        stipulates mitigation measures that must be implemented to
                                        reduce the chance of negative impacts occurring.

         Chapter 7                      Management of Construction Activities

                                        This chapter identifies potential environmental impacts that
                                        are typical of the construction phase of a project and
                                        stipulates mitigation measures that must be implemented to
                                        reduce the chance of negative impacts occurring.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                           Page 1-2
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Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
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         Chapter 8                      Post Construction Activities

                                        This chapter stipulates activities that must be undertaken by
                                        the contractor on completion of the construction phase of a
                                        project i.e. site clean up and rehabilitation.


         Supporting information to the Environmental Specifications listed in Chapters 5 - 8 has been
         included in a series of Annexures attached to the back of this document. These include:

         Annexure A                     Declaration of Understanding of the EMP

         Annexure B                     Main Actions Required by the Contractor for Compliance with
                                        the EMP

         Annexure C                     Construction Activities that will require Method Statements

         Annexure D                     Contractors    Environmental    Officer   Weekly    Checklist
                                        (Example)

         Annexure E                     Contractors Environmental Officer Comprehensive Monthly
                                        Checklist (Example)

         Annexure F                     Department of Agriculture and Environmental Affairs Record
                                        of Decision (RoD) - EIA 5470.




1.4      References


         The EMP has been developed with due reference to the following:

        •     Appeal Decision of the Honourable MEC for Agriculture and Environmental Affairs
              KwaZulu-Natal. (11 May 2006).
        •     KwaZulu-Natal Department of Agriculture and Environmental Affairs. (17 July 2006).
              Amended Record of Decision for the Proposed Sunrise Bay Residential Estate, EIA/5470.
        •     KwaZulu-Natal Department of Agriculture and Environmental Affairs. (31 October
              2005). Record of Decision for the Proposed Sunrise Bay Residential Estate, EIA/5470.
        •     NMH Consulting. (September 2005). Final Scoping Report for the Proposed Sunrise Bay
              Estate.
        •     Ethekwini Municipality. (October 2002). Generic EMP for Construction Activities.
        •     Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism. Integrated                             Environmental
              Management Information Series, Environmental Management Plans.
        •     Department of Agriculture and Environmental Affairs. (June 2003). Interim Guidelines:
              Environmental Management Plans (Construction and Operational Phases).
         The document has also been based on the findings of numerous site visits undertaken by NMH
         Consulting during the Environmental Assessment Process in 2004 - 2006.


Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                            Page 1-3
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2        PROJECT DESCRIPTION

2.1      Site Location and Description


         The proposed Sunrise Bay Estate Development is located within the Magisterial District of Port
         Shepstone on the KwaZulu - Natal South Coast.

         The site is situated between the National Road 2 and the Provincial Main Road 395, just south of
         the Izotsha River. Shelly Beach town centre is located along the Main Road 395, approximately 3
         Km’s south of the site.

         The existing accesses to the site are located off Green Street off Main Road 395 and via Lot
         1270 off main road 395.

         The adjacent land uses to the development consist of a mixture of commercial, residential and
         agriculture to the north, residential to the east and south and the National Road 2 to the west. A
         small portion of the south-western boundary of the site will border on commercial land (new
         Shelly Beach Shopping Centre), as does a section along the eastern boundary.

         The proposed residential development will take place on a number of adjacent properties owned
         by Halflyn (Edms) Bpk with the following details:

          Title Deed Number(s)                  R/726 (T31955/1983); 1281 (34533/98); 1181
                                                (21733/86); 4/1119 (45925/2001); 1270 (69462/02)
          Name of Properties                    Erf R/726, 1281, 1181, 4/1119 and 1270 of Shelly
                                                Beach.
          Extent of Property                    88.55 ha
          Extent of Development                 42.81 ha
          1:50 000 map name      3030CD, Margate
          Geographic Coordinates Latitude: 30º 25’ S
          of Application         Longitude: 30º 47’ E

         Past intensive agricultural practices and sand mining have had a marked effect on the current
         vegetation status of the property. However there are still areas that are of conservation value and
         have been considered in the planning phase of the development.


2.2      Project Description


         The final layout of the development is as illustrated in the Final Detailed Layout, Drawing No.
         04L03p28 produced by Plankonsult, dated May 2006 (see Figure 1 attached).

         At Sunrise Bay Estate, environmental considerations will be paramount in the management
         policy of both the developer (construction phase) and the Home Owner’s Association (operational
         phase).

         The number of residential stands has been limited in order to prevent the need to develop
         environmentally sensitive areas. The major component of the development will be located on


Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                        Page 2-4
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
         areas of the property that were highly modified due to intensive agricultural and sand mining
         practices. The indigenous forest areas, grasslands, watercourses, wetlands and drainage lines
         have been taken into account in the planning phase.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                  Page 2-5
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Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
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3        LEGAL AND OTHER REQUIREMENTS

         The Contractor shall ensure that all pertinent legislation concerning the protection of the natural
         environmental and prevention of pollution is strictly enforced. The most commonly applicable
         legislation relevant to environmental management is listed below. All these laws and regulations
         relating to the environment shall be adhered to at all times.

         The approved construction EMP is to form part of the contractual obligations of all contractors
         and sub-contractors engaged in the project. The approved EMP (which includes a copy of the
         Record of Decision) is also to be kept on site for reference for all parties engaged in the project.

         Prior to the commencement of works the contractor is to make him/herself aware of the contents
         of the EMP and is to sign the Declaration of Understanding included in Annexure A. A copy of the
         declaration is to be provided to the PM and ECO


3.1      Constitution


         The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, Act 108 of 1996 sets the legal context in which
         environmental law in South Africa occurs and was formulated. All environmental aspects should
         be interpreted within the context of the Constitution, National Environmental Management Act
         107 of 1998 and the Environment Conservation Act 73 of 1989.

         The Constitution has enhanced the status of the environment by virtue of the fact that an
         environmental right has been established (Section 24) and because other rights created in the
         Bill of Rights may impact on environmental management through, for example, access to health
         care, food and water and social security (Section 27). An objective of local government is to
         provide a safe and healthy environment (Section 152) and public administration must be
         accountable, transparent and encourage participation (Section 195(1) (e) to (g)).


3.2      Environmental Acts


3.2.1 National Environmental Management Act 107 of 1998 (NEMA)

         The objective of NEMA is to provide co-operative governance by establishing principles for
         decision makers on matters affecting the environment, institutions that promote co-operative
         governance and procedures for co-ordinating environmental functions exercised by the organs of
         state.

         Chapter 1 of the Act establishes a number of principles related to the environment in South
         Africa. These principles are designed to provide a general framework for environmental planning
         and guidelines for the interpretation, administration and implementation of the Act.

         The principles include a number of internationally recognised environmental law norms and some
         principles peculiar to South Africa, i.e. the:

        •     Preventive principle
        •     Precautionary principle
        •     Polluter pays principle


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         Environmental management must place people and their needs at the forefront of its concerns,
         and serve their physical, psychological, developmental, cultural and social interests equitably.

         Development must be socially, environmentally and economically sustainable. Sustainable
         development requires the consideration of all relevant factors including the following:

        •     The disturbance of ecosystems and loss of biological diversity are avoided, or, minimised
              and remedied
        •     Pollution and degradation of the environment are avoided, or, minimised and remedied
        •     Disturbance of landscapes and sites that constitute the nation’s cultural heritage is avoided,
              or, minimised and remedied
        •     Waste is avoided, or, minimised and re-used or recycled where possible and otherwise
              disposed of in a responsible manner
        •     Use and exploitation of non-renewable natural resources is responsible and equitable
        •     The development, use and exploitation of renewable resources and the ecosystem of which
              they are part of do not exceed the level beyond which their integrity is jeopardised
        •     A risk-averse and cautious approach is applied
        •     Negative impacts on the environment and on the people’s environmental rights be
              anticipated and prevented, and where they can not be altogether prevented, are minimised
              and remedied.


3.2.2 Environment Conservation Act 73 of 1989

         The objectives of this Act are to provide for the effective protection and controlled utilisation of
         the environment. Following the enactment of NEMA, a number of the powers of the Act have
         either been repealed or may be repealed or assigned to the provinces.

         In September 1997, a List of Activities and Regulations for EIAs was published under Sections
         21, 22 & 26 of the Environment Conservation Act (Act no. 73 of 1989). Scheduled activities,
         which are defined as having a potentially significant impact on the environment, have been
         identified in these regulations. Subsequent to this the list of scheduled activities were amended
         as per Government Notice No. 7351 of 10 May 2002. Scheduled activities require a formal EIA
         process to be registered with the national or provincial environmental authority.
         “The change of land use from agricultural or zoned undetermined use or an equivalent zoning, to
         any other land use” is considered to be such a scheduled activity according to Schedule 2(c), of
         the abovementioned regulatory amendments.

         Accordingly Realty Dynamix 47 (Pty) Ltd applied and followed a formal EIA process through the
         undertaking of a Scoping Study. Based on this study the environmental authorities authorised
         the proposed Sunrise Bay Estate development. As already mentioned this was done through the
         RoD issued on 11 May 2005.

         The RoD included a list of specific conditions, which are included in Annexure F, and must be
         strictly adhered to.

         Note that the section of the ECA pertaining to listed activities, which require an environmental
         impact assessment to be undertaken, has since been repealed and is currently dealt with under
         NEMA.



Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                       Page 3-7
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
3.3      Air Emissions


         The control of atmospheric emissions of noxious, hazardous and nuisance causing materials is
         controlled by the Atmospheric Pollution Prevention Act 45 of 1965 and its amendments.

         The administration of the Act has been assigned to the Air Pollution Control Department under
         the Department of Environmental Affairs & Tourism.

3.3.1 Dust Control

         In terms of the Atmospheric Pollution Prevention Act 45 of 1965, Section 27 - 35; industries
         should adopt the “best practicable means” for preventing dust from becoming dispersed or
         causing a nuisance. The act also empowers owners or occupiers present in the vicinity of the
         source of dust/nuisance to take or adopt necessary steps or precautions against the nuisance.
         Where steps have not been prescribed, owners must adopt the “best practicable means” as
         described by the developer, for the abatement of the nuisance. Should the developer not comply
         with the necessary steps to prevent owners/occupiers from the effects of dust, the developer
         would be found guilty and be liable to pay a dust control levy to the minister.

3.3.2 Vehicular Emissions

         The Atmospheric Pollution Prevention Act 45 of 1965, Section 36 - 40, regulates atmospheric
         pollution by fumes emitted by vehicles. The act authorizes local authorities to examine any
         vehicle that emits noxious and offensive gases. Should the examination process reveal non-
         compliance, the owners of the vehicle will be advised to take required steps in prevention of air
         pollution by fumes. Vehicles owners are required by law to take necessary steps for preventing
         the emission of the noxious or offensive gases. Failure to comply with the requirements of the
         law is considered an offence.


3.4      Water


3.4.1 Water Supply

         The National Water Act 36 of 1998 ensures that water resources are adequately protected, used,
         developed, conserved and controlled.

         The Act deals with the development of strategies to facilitate the proper management of water
         resources, provides for the protection of the water resource, the regulation of the use of water, for
         financial provision, catchment management agencies, water use associations, advisory
         committees, international water management, government waterworks, dam safety, access to
         and rights over water, monitoring and assessment and information, appeals and dispute
         resolution.

         Under the Act, a facility is required to obtain the necessary permits for water usage and the
         disposal of wastewater from the authority responsible for the administration of the Act, namely
         the Department of Water Affairs & Forestry (DWAF).

         The Act stipulates that if an industry is acquiring water from a municipality or other local supplier,
         it is the responsibility of that supplier to obtain the necessary permits. Any private well or
         borehole sunk for the abstraction of groundwater has to be reported to the regulatory authority.


Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                         Page 3-8
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
3.4.2 Wastewater

         The National Water Act is the principal piece of South African legislation governing wastewater
         management. Under the Act there are several important issues to note:

        •     Industrial and sanitary wastewater cannot be directly or indirectly discharged to stormwater
              drainage systems, surface or groundwater
        •     Persons storing chemicals and oils must take the necessary precautions to prevent leakage
              into stormwater drains or water courses, unless specifically authorised by the regulatory
              authority
        •     It is generally prohibited to allow stormwater to enter sewer systems
        •     Industrial effluents may be discharged to sewer only with the permission of the regulatory
              authority. There are site effluent discharge limits that if exceeded can result in a fineable
              offence
        •     It is an offence to wilfully or negligently pollute surface water or groundwater
        •     In the event of a pollution incident, the offending party is obliged to report the incident to the
              regulatory authority
        •     The regulatory authority can take the necessary steps to prevent the pollution of water
              resources and can recover the costs of clean-up from the polluter.

         Local by-laws can also require a facility that stores or handles environmentally hazardous
         materials that could pollute stormwater runoff, rivers, water courses etc. to take ‘adequate
         precautions’ to prevent the spillage or seepage of such materials into the environment.

3.4.3 Pollution

         Section 19 of the National Water Act deals with pollution prevention and remedying effects, and
         in particular the situation where pollution of a water resource occurs or might occur as a result of
         activities on land.

         The party who owns controls, occupies or uses the land in question is responsible for taking
         measures to prevent pollution of water resources. If these measures are not taken, the
         catchment management agency concerned may do whatever is necessary to prevent the
         pollution or to remedy its effects, and to recover all reasonable costs from the persons
         responsible for the pollution.

         Section 31A of the Environmental Conversation Act empowers the regulatory authority to
         undertake action if a person or company carries out any activity that results in significant damage
         to the environment e.g. surface and groundwater pollution. The costs of remedial work can be
         recovered from the polluter.

         Currently there are no soil and groundwater clean-up guidelines. For groundwater, DWAF uses a
         range of standards depending on the final use of the water. Due to its location close to the ocean
         it is unlikely that the project will affect any groundwater users.

         For the clean up of soil the Department has accepted the use of risk assessments as the basis
         for establishing remediation criteria. As there are no South Africa clean-up standards, the Dutch
         Guidelines are often used as an initial screening tool to establish whether there is likely to be a
         remediation requirement.



Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                          Page 3-9
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July 2006
3.5      Waste


         Waste management is regulated by the Environment Conservation Act of 1989. This Act defines
         waste as any matter, whether gaseous, liquid or solid (or a combination thereof) which is
         designated by the Minister to be an undesirable or superfluous by-product, emission, residue or
         remainder of any process or activity.

         The waste management provisions of the Act are administered by DWAF by means of a permit
         system.

         According to the Act, it is unlawful for any person to establish, provide or operate any disposal
         site without the appropriate permits from the Department. If any person wishes to establish or
         operate a waste disposal facility they are required to follow a formal permit application procedure
         governed by the Act.

         Waste disposal sites are also classified as a Schedule Activity under Sections 21, 22 and 26 of
         the Act and, as such, require an Environmental Impact Assessment as part of the permit
         application procedure.


3.6      Hazardous Materials Management


         The Hazardous Substances Act 15 of 1973 governs the control of substances that may cause ill
         health or death in humans by reason of their toxic, corrosive, irritant, flammability or pressure
         effects. The Act regulates the storage, handling, labelling and sale of Group I, II, and III
         hazardous substances. A license is required for an operation that stores, handles and sells
         Group I substances. Regulations controlling the ‘Conveyance of Hazardous Substances by Road
         tanker’ have been promulgated under the Act.

         The Fire Brigade Services Act 99 of 1987 regulates the storage, handling and transport of
         flammable gases, flammable liquids and flammable solids through local by-laws.


3.7      Heritage Management


         The National Heritage Resource Act (Act No. 25 of 1999) was introduced to ensure protection of
         South Africa’s important heritage features. As such the act covers 4 billion years of history.

         The act covers the following areas of heritage value:

        •     Archaeology
        •     Palaeontology
        •     Meteorites.
         All the abovementioned materials that are discovered are thus property of the state. Tools used
         to conserve and manage these resources are the formal regulated EIA processes as well as
         permits issued by the South African Heritage and Resources Agency (SAHRA) to restrict and/or
         regulate development within a heritage environment.



Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                     Page 3-10
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
3.8      Explosives Management


         The Explosives Act (Act No. 26 of 1956) aims to consolidate the laws relating to the manufacture,
         storage, sale, transport, importation and the use of explosives. It falls within the responsibility of
         the Minister of Safety and Security.

         “Explosives” means any one of the following:

        •     Gunpowder, nitro-glycerine, dynamite, guncotton, blasting powders, fulminate of mercury or
              of other metals, coloured fires and every other substance which is used or manufactured
              with a view to produce a practical effect by explosion or a pyrotechnic effect
        •     Any fuse, rocket, detonator, cartridge, and every adaptation or preparation of an explosive
        •     Any other substance, which the State President may from time to time declare to be an
              explosive.

         The Act imposes, inter alia, prohibitions the use of blasting materials unless the relevant
         regulatory requirements are adhered to.


3.9      Occupational Health and Safety


         The Occupational Health and Safety Act of 1993 is South Africa’s principle legislation concerning
         health and safety of employees. It also aims to protect persons who are not at work against
         hazard to health and safety arising out of or in connection with the activities of a person at work.

         The Act places the responsibility on the employer to ensure a safe and healthy working
         environment and to cause every employee to be made conversant with health and safety
         requirements relevant to their work. At the same time the Act places the responsibility on the
         employee to follow its employer’s health and safety procedures and instructions.

         A number of Regulations have been promulgated under the Act including the following:

        •     General Administrative Regulations, 1994
        •     Asbestos Regulations, 1997
        •     Regulations for Hazardous Chemical Substances, 1995
        •     General Safety Regulations, 1986
        •     Construction Regulations, 2003.



3.10     Other


        In addition to the requirements of this EMP, South African Legislation concerning the natural
        environment, pollution and the built environment must be strictly complied with. This legislation
        includes but is not limited to:




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                        Page 3-11
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          •    The National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act (No 103 of 1977)
          •    Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act (No 43 of 1983) and the regulations dealing with
               declared weeds and invader plants as amended from time to time
          •    Nature and Environment Conservation Ordinance (No 19 of 1974) and any subsequent
               legislation which is promulgated
          •    Community Fire Safety Bylaws
          •    Drainage and Sewage Bylaws
          •    Environmental Health Bylaws




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                     Page 3-12
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4        ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE

4.1      Preamble


         In order to ensure the sound development and effective implementation of the EMP, it is
         necessary to identify and define the responsibilities and authority of the various persons and
         organisations that will be involved in the project.

         The following key roles will need to be provided for during the implementation of the EMP:

        •     Project Manager (PM)
        •     Environmental Control Officer (ECO).
        •     Contractor
         The following sections describe the roles and responsibilities for the implementation of and
         adherence to the EMP. The role and responsibilities of the key individuals described below are
         not exhaustive and may be modified and expanded and additional roles added as necessary.



4.2      Project Manager


         The Project Manager (PM) for the development will be the overall responsible person during the
         construction phase. The developer must appoint a PM prior to construction commencing.

4.2.1 Role and Responsibilities

         The Project Manager will be required to assume overall responsibility for the environmental
         aspects of the Sunrise Bay Estate Development.

         An important part of this role will be to:

        •     Undertake regular site visits and site inspections to ensure that environmental requirements
              are implemented
        •     Be familiar with the contents of the EMP
        •     Assume responsibility for compliance to all environmental regulatory and good management
              practice requirements for all aspects and for the duration of the housing development
              construction, in order to ensure effective minimisation of all environmental impacts caused
              directly or indirectly by any project activity
        •     Ensure that the EMP is included in the tender documentation issued to prospective
              contractors
        •     Establish and maintain regular and proactive communications with the Contractor and ECO
        •     Request for, review and approve the Method Statements prepared by the Contractor
        •     Communicate instructions to sub contractors/employees on the site, and ensure that they
              are conversant and comply with all relevant measures contained within the EMP.
        •     Review and comment on environmental assessments and/or reports produced by the
              Contractor and ECO

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        •     Issue site instructions giving effect to the ECO requirements where applicable
        •     Communicate to the ECO, verbally and in writing, at least 10 working days in advance, any
              proposed actions which may have significant negative impacts on the environment
        •     Undertake damage assessments where incidents, accidents and serious infringements have
              occurred on/off site
        •     Report any significant environmental incident or impact to the relevant environmental
              authority and ECO
        •     Inspect and approve all areas that have been rehabilitated by the Contractor
        •     Act as the contact person for any public complaints or issues raised, jointly with the ECO
        •     Review complaints received and make instructions as necessary
        •     Discuss with the ECO the application of penalties for the infringement of the Environmental
              Specifications, and other possible enforcement measures when necessary
        •     Issue penalties as and when necessary
        •     Implement Temporary Work Stoppages where serious environmental infringements and non-
              compliances have occurred
        •     Ensure the EMP is fully implemented as well as revised and updated as and when required.




4.3      Environmental Control Officer (ECO)


         An Environmental Control Officer (ECO) must be appointed by the developer prior to the
         commencement of construction. The ECO is to interact with the PM and visit the site to ensure
         the full and effective implementation of the measures contained within this EMP.

         The ECO must be independent of the Contractor, and must have appropriate authority to ensure
         that the EMP is fully implemented and that appropriate actions are undertaken to address any
         discrepancies and non-compliances.

         The details of the ECO must be communicated to the Department of Agriculture and
         Environmental Affairs upon appointment of the ECO.

4.3.1 Role and Responsibilities

         The overall role of the ECO is to be the on-site ‘custodian’ for the implementation, integration and
         maintenance of the EMP in accordance with the contractual requirements with Realty Dynamix
         47 (Pty) Ltd

         As such the ECO will be required to:

        •     Be familiar with the contents of the Project EMP
        •     Conduct sufficient site inspections (depending on the stage of the project) to prepare
              monthly inspection reports. The monthly audit reports must be submitted to DAEA, Assistant
              Director: Compliance, Monitoring and Enforcement (as per condition 9.24 of the RoD).
        •     Give instructions to the PM on environmental requirements as necessary
        •     Report any serious environmental incident or impact immediately to the PM.


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        •     Advise the PM on the interpretation and enforcement of the Environmental Specifications,
              including discussions on non-compliances
        •     Supply environmental information as and when required
        •     Review and approve Method Statements produced by the Contractor
        •     Demarcate particularly sensitive areas and pass instructions through the PM concerning
              works in these areas
        •     Monitor any basic physical changes to the environment as a consequence of the
              construction works - e.g. evidence of erosion, dust generation and silt loading in runoff
        •     Advise the PM on remedial actions for the protection of the environment in the event of any
              accidents or emergencies during construction, and to advise on appropriate clean-up
              activities
        •     Review and approve all areas that have been rehabilitated by the Contractor
        •     Receive complaints from the public on any environmental issue related to the project and
              report these immediately to the PM for his information and record keeping
        •     Review all complaints received from public members and authorities and give instructions as
              to associated environmental requirements as necessary
        •     Identify and make recommendations for amendments to the EMP as and when appropriate
        •     Prepare and maintain the material for the Environmental Training Awareness courses and
              Environmental Information Posters as part of the overall environmental training for the
              contract
        •     Ensure that the Contractor, his employees and/or Sub-Consultants receive the appropriate
              environmental awareness training prior to commencing activities
        •     Establish and maintain an Environmental Site Diary to record all environmental incidents
              related to the construction of the Project
        •     Keeping a dated photographic record of progress on site from an environmental perspective.




4.4      Contractor


         The developer and the appointed PM will ensure that all Contractors appointed to work on the
         site of the Sunrise Bay Estate are contractually required to undertake their activities in an
         environmentally responsible manner, as described in the EMP.

4.4.1 Role and Responsibilities

         Specific to the EMP, the role and responsibilities of all Contractors working on site will be to:

        •     Be familiar with the contents of the Project EMP
        •     Implement, manage and maintain the EMP for the duration of the contract
        •     Appoint a suitably qualified Senior Manager as Environmental Officer (EO) whose
              responsibility includes ongoing monitoring and control of all construction activities concerning
              minimisation of environmental impact and adherence to the EMP for the duration of the
              construction phase



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        •     Ensure that all sub-contractors and other workers appointed by the Contractor are aware of
              their environmental responsibilities while on site or during the provision of their services off
              site
        •     Provide appropriate resources - budgets, equipment, personnel and training - for the
              effective control and management of the environmental risks associated with the
              construction of the Estate development.
        •     Comply with the Environmental Specifications contained in the EMP and subsequent
              revisions
        •     Confirm legislative requirements for the construction works, and to ensure that appropriate
              permissions and permits have been obtained before commencing activities
        •     Prepare Method Statements including drawings and programme of activities for submission
              to the PM and ECO. Examples of the method statements that will be requested by the PM
              and ECO are included in Annexure C.
        •     Undertake weekly site inspections (with the PM) to monitor environmental performance and
              conformance with the Environmental Specifications
        •     Review the ECO reports and take cognisance of the information / recommendations
              contained therein
        •     Notify the ECO and PM, verbally and in writing, immediately in the event of any accident
              infringements of the Environmental Specifications and ensure appropriate remedial action is
              taken
        •     Notify the ECO and PM, verbally and in writing at least 10 working days in advance of any
              activity he has reason to believe may have significant adverse environmental impacts, so
              that mitigatory measures may be implemented timeously
        •     Ensure environmental awareness among his employees, sub-contractors and workforce so
              that they are fully aware of, and understand the Environmental Specifications and the need
              for them
        •     Maintain a register of environmental training for site staff and sub-contractor’s staff for the
              duration of the contract
        •     Undertake rehabilitation of all areas affected by construction activities to restore them to their
              original states, as determined by the PM and the ECO
        •     Undertake the required works within the designated working areas
        •     Rehabilitating services, utilities, private/public property and other areas adversely affected by
              construction activities in accordance with the PM’s instructions
        •     Communicate and liaise frequently and promptly with the ECO and the PM to ensure
              effective, proactive environmental management with the overall objective of preventing or
              reducing negative environmental impacts while enhancing positive environmental impacts.

         The Contractor will also set up his own management system to ensure and monitor the
         application of the EMP and associated Environmental Specifications. This system shall, at a
         minimum, provide for:

        •     The preparation of Method Statements as required by the EMP
        •     The effective and accountable management of construction activities relative to the
              Environmental Specifications
        •     Reporting on a regular basis and as required to the PM on environmental issues.



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        •     Report in writing, all communication/correspondence with any party on environmental issues
              to the PM
        •     The development of emergency and contingency plans for the key range of accidents and
              emergencies that may be associated with the housing development
        •     Regular, constructive and proactive liaison with the ECO.

         Annexure B provides a summary of some of the main actions required by the Contractor for
         compliance with the EMP.

         A proforma Method Statement has been included in Annexure C, which will need to be
         completed for various activities as stipulated in the EMP, Annexure C.

         An example of a weekly checklist has been included in Annexure D to facilitate the weekly site
         inspections by the Environmental Officer (this checklist is by no means exhaustive and must be
         amended).

         An example of a monthly checklist is included in Annexure E and is to be completed by the
         contractors EO on a monthly basis and forwarded to the PM and ECO.



4.5      Sub-Contractors


4.5.1 Role and Responsibilities

         Sub-contractors will be appointed from time to time by the Contractor to perform certain services
         and/or provide certain products in association with the construction of the Estate.

         Sub-contractors shall comply with the Environmental Specifications in the EMP and associated
         instructions issued by the Contractors to ensure compliance.

         Sub-contractors and their staff will be required to take part in the environmental awareness
         training as instructed by the Contractor.

         Sub-contractors will receive instructions from the Contractor.



4.6      Compliance with the EMP


4.6.1 Tolerances

         1.       Environmental management is concerned not only with the final results of the Contractor’s
                  operations to carry out the Works, but also with the control of how those operations are
                  carried out.

         2.       Tolerance with respect to environmental matters applies not only to the finished product
                  but also to the standard of the day-to-day operation required to complete the Works.




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         3.       It is thus required that the Contractor shall comply with the environmental requirements
                  on an ongoing basis and any failure on his part to do so will entitle the PM to certify the
                  imposition of a penalty subject to the details set out.


4.6.2 Penalties

         1.       Penalties will be issued for the transgressions and non-compliances where the Contractor
                  inflicts non-repairable damage upon the environment or fails to comply with any of the
                  environmental specifications. He shall be liable to pay a penalty over and above any
                  other contractual consequence. The Contractor is deemed NOT to have complied with
                  this Environmental Specification if:

                   •     There is evidence of contravention of the Environmental Specification (EMP) within
                         the boundaries of the site, and/or haul/ access roads

                   •     Environmental damage ensues due to negligence

                   •     The Contractor fails to comply with corrective or other instructions issued by the PM
                         with in a specific time

         2.       A list of incidents and associated penalty values are indicated in the table below. This list
                  of incidents is however not exhaustive.

         3.       Penalties may be issued per incident at the discretion of the PM. The value of the penalty
                  imposed shall be as defined in the contract and enforcement shall be at the discretion of
                  the PM.

         4.       Such fines will be issued in addition to any remedial costs incurred as a result of non-
                  compliance with the EMP. The PM will inform the Contractor of the contravention and the
                  amount of the penalty, and will deduct the amount from monies due under the Contract.

         5.       The penalty monies will become the property of the Developer.

         6.       If the issue of non-compliance is not addressed to the satisfaction of the ECO and PM
                  within the specified timeframes, an independent firm will be appointed to undertake the
                  rehabilitative works. The cost of this work, as well as a 20% management fee, will be
                  withheld from the Contractor’s final payment, by Realty Dynamix 47 (Pty) Ltd.

         7.       The PM shall be the judge as to what constitutes a transgression in terms of this clause
                  subject to the provisions of the General Conditions of Contract. In the event that
                  transgressions continue, the Contractor’s attention is drawn to the provisions of the
                  General Conditions of Contract, under which the PM may cancel the Contract.

         8.       For each subsequent similar offence, the penalty may, at the discretion of the PM be
                  doubled in value to a maximum value to be determined by the PM.

         9.       Payment of any penalty in terms of the contract shall not absolve the offender from being
                  liable from prosecution in terms of any law.




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         TYPICAL INCIDENTS INCURRING PENALTIES                                    VALUE
         Failure to submit Method Statements timeously.                            R1,000.00
         Failure to demarcate working servitudes and/or maintain demarcation       R1,000.00
         tape.
         Working or parking vehicles outside of the demarcated works areas         R2,000.00
         and/or within the boundaries of a no-go area.
         Failure to strip topsoil with intact vegetation.                          R1,000.00
         Failure to stockpile topsoil correctly.                                    R500.00
         Failure to stockpile materials in designated areas.                        R500.00
         Pollution of water bodies - including increased suspended solid loads.     R500.00
         Failure to provide adequate sanitation, waste disposal facilities or      R1,000.00
         services.
         Failure to demarcate ‘No-go’ Areas before commencing construction         R1,000.00
         clearance and other activities
         Insufficient education of staff regarding environmental matters and        R500.00
         site housekeeping practices
         Use of soil in an unspecified manner                                       R500.00
         Stockpile of soils and materials outside demarcated areas                 R1,000.00
         Inappropriate mixing of cement/concrete and poor management of            R1,000.00
         cement slurry
         Untidiness and litter at camp.                                             R200.00
         Unauthorised removal of indigenous trees, medicinal or other plants.      R2,000.00
         Failure to erect temporary fences as required.                            R1,000.00
         Failure to reinstate disturbed areas within the specified timeframe.      R1,000.00
         Fire - costs of runaway fires will be borne by the Contractor, should     R5,000.00
         he/she be proven responsible for such fires.
         Failure to provide equipment for emergency situations                     R1,000.00
         Animal poaching.                                                          R5,000.00
         Removing or damaging natural or heritage features that may be found       R1,000.00
         on site
         Failure to maintain basic safety measures on site.                        R1,000.00
         Persistent and un-repaired oil leaks from machinery. The use of            R500.00
         inappropriate methods of refuelling.
         Failure to provide drip trays and/or empty them frequently.                R500.00
         Inappropriate use of bins and poor waste management on site.               R200.00
         Deliberate lighting of illegal fires on site.                              R500.00
         Individual not making use of the site ablution facilities.                 R100.00
         Dust or excess noise on or emanating from the site.                        R200.00
         Inappropriate use of adjacent watercourses and water bodies - such         R500.00


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         TYPICAL INCIDENTS INCURRING PENALTIES                                VALUE
         as for unapproved water abstraction, washing of vehicles, wastewater
         disposal and use by staff for washing.
         Any person, vehicle, item of plant, or any thing related to the          R500.00
         Contractor’s operations causing a public nuisance.
         Improper use of plant or equipment.                                      R500.00
         Construction vehicles not adhering to speed limits                       R250.00
         Failure to maintain a register of incidents on site.                   R1,000.00
         Failure to remove all temporary features and leftovers from the       R15,000.00
         construction site and works areas upon completion of the works.
         Any contravention with Method Statement                                R2,000.00




4.7      Removal from site, and suspension of the works


         Non-compliance with the conditions of the EMP constitutes a breech of Contract. The PM, at the
         request of the ECO or of his own conviction, has the power to remove from Site any person who
         is in contravention of the EMP, and if necessary, the PM can suspend part or the whole of the
         works, as required.




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5        SIGNIFICANT SITE     SPECIFIC  ACTIVITIES,  ASSOCIATED
         ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND MITIGATION MEASURES

         Due to its existing qualities, the following aspects need to be paid particular attention, during the
         construction process on this site:


5.1      Site Development Layout


         The final development layout must comply with that indicated in the amended Drawing No.
         04L03p28 included as Figure 1. No deviation to this layout or future densification is permitted
         without prior approval from the DAEA.


5.2      Existing indigenous forest, grassland and wetland areas


         Indigenous forest and grassland vegetation and wetlands occur in areas adjacent to a number of
         the proposed residential units. Certain access roads also traverse some of these wetland areas.
         There is thus the potential to impact on these areas of conservation significance if the works area
         is not kept to a minimum and if access to these areas is not controlled. The contractor must
         implement the following, to ensure the appropriate protection of these areas of conservation
         value:

         •     The wetland, forest and grassland buffers must be clearly marked by the land surveyor prior
               to construction. All areas zoned as private conservation (wetland, forest and grassland areas
               and their associated buffers), must be treated as no go areas i.e. no development is allowed
               in these areas.
         •     A 30-meter “wetland buffer” measured from the temporal zone of all wetlands on the site
               must be maintained during the construction and operational phases of the project and in
               which no development other than that detailed in condition 9.21 of the RoD is permitted. Any
               roads or bulk services that are to be installed in the no-development zone of the prescribed
               wetland buffer (see Condition 9.21 of RoD for definition of no-development zone) must
               comply with the following:
         •     The contractor must ensure (as per condition 9.22 of the RoD), that these areas of
               conservation value are cordoned off appropriately prior to construction commencing. This
               can be undertaken by erecting bonnox fencing (minimum of 1.5m in height) around the
               perimeter of the construction area for all erven located adjacent to an area zoned as private
               conservation. Due to the expansive nature of the site, other alternative and practical means
               of cordoning off and protecting areas of conservation value must be discussed with the ECO
               and DAEA’s Compliance Department and agreed to prior to construction commencing.
         •     It must be ensured during the cordoning off of environmentally sensitive areas, that
               reasonable access is allowed for the movement of fauna into and out of these areas i.e. that
               the movement of resident fauna through the private conservation areas of the Estate are not
               hindered.
         •     A building line restriction must be imposed approximate to the grassland boundary on erven
               107, 108 and 127 - 130, in order to ensure no disturbance to the adjacent coastal
               grasslands. This building line must be appropriately cordoned off as indicated above, prior to
               construction commencing.


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         •     The road servitudes that traverse the wetland areas on the site must be appropriately
               fenced/cordoned off (as agreed to with the ECO) prior to construction commencing to ensure
               that the impact on these wetland systems is kept to a minimum. No stockpiling of
               construction materials or spoil material or any construction activities whatsoever is allowed
               to take place outside of the cordoned off construction areas.
         •     The maximum development footprint on individual Single Residential erven must be 60%
               (including landscaping, house, external living area, swimming pool and garage) with a
               maximum residential coverage of 40% of each erven.
         •     All small indigenous trees and plants occurring within the development area (i.e. where the
               houses will be placed) must be bagged and kept in a nursery to be used in the rehabilitation
               process.
         •     As per condition 9.26 of the RoD, the applicant must take steps to relocate all endangered
               floral elements present within those areas which are to be disturbed as a result of this
               proposed project, to equivalent local habitats either situated within the proposed project site
               i.e private conservation zones, alternatively to suitable sites outside of the proposed project
               area. A suitably qualified Indigenous Landscaping Consultant (approved by DAEA), must be
               appointed by the developer to investigate those areas to be disturbed prior to construction
               commencing and to salvage and transplant all endangered plant species as well as other
               species of conservation value.
         •     In the few areas where roadways through the wetlands have been permitted, it must be
               ensured that drainage of the wetlands is not impaired. These roads shall be narrowed where
               crossing such areas and designed with numerous sub-surface through-drains.
         •     The landscaping of the non-footprint areas of erven located adjacent to the wetland areas
               must be undertaken in line with the indigenous landscaping plan.
         •     Large indigenous trees must be retained as far as possible. A permit must be obtained from
               DWAF Forestry Division, for those trees that fall within the development footprint, that are
               protected as per the National Forestry Act (Act 84 of 1998) and need to be removed or
               relocated. It must be ensured that for every tree removed; at least 5 replacement trees must
               be planted in suitable localities.
         •     It must be also be ensured by the contractor and developer (as per condition 9.23 (g)) that
               no sewage infrastructure is located within either the 1:100 year floodline or the wetland
               areas.
         Under no circumstances are Contractors, their employees and/or subcontractors allowed to enter
         into the indigenous forested areas, grasslands and wetlands on the property.


5.3      Storm water management and the prevention of soil erosion


         An issue common to many developments along the KwaZulu - Natal coast is that of soil erosion.
         During the construction process there is potential for soil erosion from stormwater run off due the
         removal of the overlying protective vegetation and related earthworks. Development creates
         impermeable surfaces in the form of paved areas and roofs, which increase the amount and rate
         of run off, and may also; alter its direction and flow, thereby causing soil erosion.

         Although the soils on the site have a relatively high clay content and are not considered
         excessively erodible, it must be remembered that all materials are erodible to a lesser of greater
         extent. This is particularly so when denuded of vegetation and water is concentrated on them on
         steep slopes, for example from rainwater run off from impermeable surfaces created with
         development. It is thus imperative that a staged approach be adopted when clearing the


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         proposed areas to be developed. Access roads and residential plots must only be cleared of
         vegetation immediately prior to construction commencing, to ensure that the period that soil
         remains exposed to the erosive effects of wind and rain is minimised. Vegetation must only be
         cleared from the actual construction footprint and not from areas adjacent to them.

         The contractor must submit a drawing of the relevant stages and proposed dates of the site
         clearing programme to the PM and ECO for their approval, prior to construction commencing.
         Compliance with this vegetation clearing programme will be monitored by the ECO.

         Additional measures to avoid soil erosion are prescribed in the relevant sections of the EMP.

         These sections are as follows:
         Soil erosion: A7 & B5
         Stormwater management: A8 & B6

         The measures within the following sections A, B, and C of this Construction EMP are intended to
         ensure that these environmental issues on the site are mitigated as much as possible during the
         actual construction process.

         The stormwater attenuation ponds are also to be formalised prior to bulk earthworks
         commencing. These attenuation ponds will not only assist with stormwater attenuation during the
         operational phase but can help considerably with stormwater attenuation as well as sediment
         trapping and erosion prevention during the construction phase.

         It must be ensured that low flow outlets are incorporated into the design of the stormwater ponds
         to ensure that there is always a reasonable volume of water exiting the retention pond to ensure
         sustainability of the down slope parts of the wetland systems.

         A copy of the final Stormwater Management Plan, indicating both temporary and permanent
         stormwater management measures, will be compiled by the Consulting Engineer prior to
         construction commencing and will be included in this Environmental Management Plan as Figure
         2 and provided to the contractor. The stormwater management plan must be copied to the
         Department of Water Affairs and Forestry. It must be ensured that these temporary stormwater
         management and erosion prevention structures are constructed in appropriate locations (as
         agreed to with the Consulting Engineer and ECO) prior to construction commencing.


5.4      Protection of flora and fauna from collecting and poaching


         It is important that all contractors and their workers are educated and informed of the fact that all
         forms of poaching and the collection of plant material are strictly prohibited on the site.
         Contravention in this regard will be severely dealt with, and may lead to the issuing of penalties
         as discussed in 4.6 above.

         The contractor must erect no entry signage with writing in English and Zulu, in visible places
         along the edges of the private conservation areas of the estate. The signage must indicate the
         penalties for entering into or disturbing the private conservation areas.

         Any wildlife that is injured or killed on the site by accidental means i.e. hit by a car, are to be
         reported to the Project Manager / Resident Engineer, who must take appropriate action to
         facilitate the recovery of the animal where possible i.e. take the animal to the SPCA.

         No firearms or air rifles / pellet guns or catapults will be allowed to be used on the Estate.


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5.5      Construction of security fence


         The northern boundary fence must facilitate the passage of animal populations on and off the
         property.

         Care must also be taken when constructing the perimeter fence through forested areas to avoid
         medium and large indigenous trees and to bypass them wherever possible.


5.6      Indigenous landscaping plan


         Indigenous landscaping will follow an indigenous landscaping plan compiled for the estate. It
         must be ensured that all indigenous material used in landscaping must be obtained from a
         legitimate source and not from the natural landscape (unless rescued from the footprint or
         servitude area on the estate). Proof of purchase of all indigenous plant material must be provided
         to the PM or ECO on request.


5.7      Removal of alien invasive vegetation


         A comprehensive alien invasive plant eradication programme has and will continue to be
         undertaken on the Sunrise Bay Estate. There will be an ongoing programme of alien plant
         eradication within the Sunrise Bay Estate, which will continue over the construction and
         operational phases of the development. Invasive alien plants are defined within the appropriate
         legislation promulgated by the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry. The objective of this
         programme will be to completely eliminate all alien plants from the development over time.

         Of particular importance is the removal of alien vegetation from the margins of the indigenous
         forest patches, which traverse the property. This must only be undertaken by appropriately
         trained, experienced personnel using environmental sound practices.

         All contractors are to ensure that their activities do no promote the spread of these alien invasive
         plant species and it must be ensured that all disturbed areas are continually cleared of alien
         invasive vegetation throughout the construction phase.



5.8      Construction Vehicle Speed Control


         The use of construction vehicles within the development must be done in such a manner as to
         minimize the chance of harm or nuisance to wildlife. There will be a speed limit of 40 kilometres
         per hour within the estate. All drivers must ensure that this speed limit is adhered to.




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6        TABLE A: SITE ESTABLISHMENT AND PRELIMINARY ACTIVITIES
                                                                         Monitor    Frequency
A1. Access to         A.1.1. Site Access
site
                      a) The contractor is only permitted to make use     Project   Prior to moving
Sound                 of the existing road entrances to the estate.      Manager    onto site
environmental                                                              (PM)
principles must       b) The location of all underground services and
be followed           servitudes must be identified and confirmed.         PM       Prior to moving
whilst                                                                              onto site
establishing          A.2.1. Layout
access to the
site                  a) Choice of the site for the Contractor’s camp    PM/ECO     During surveys
                      must take into account location of local                      and preliminary
                      residents and environmentally sensitive                       investigations
                      areas/trees.                                                  and before
                                                                                    moving onto site
                      b) The construction camp may not be situated         PM       During site set
                      close to any drainage lines, water bodies or on               up
A.2.                  slopes greater than 1:3.
Setting up
Construction          c) If the Contractor chooses to locate the camp      PM       During surveys
Camp                  site on private or municipal land, the PM must                and preliminary
                      get prior written permission from both the local              investigations
                      authorities and the landowner.

                      d) In most cases, on-site accommodation will         PM       During site set
                      not be required. The construction camp can                    up
                      thus be comprised of:
                         - site office
                         - ablution facilities
                         - designated first aid area
                         - eating areas
                         - staff lockers and showers (where water
                            and waterborne sewers are available or
                            septic tanks have been constructed)
                         - storage areas
                         - cement mixing areas
                         - refuelling area (if required)
                         - maintenance areas (if required)

                      e) The Contractor must attend to drainage of       PM/ECO      Ongoing, on a
                      the camp site to avoid standing water and/or                   weekly basis
                      sheet erosion.




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                                                                            Monitor   Frequency


                      A.2.2. Ablutions

                      a) Where waterborne sewerage is not                     PM      During site set
                      available, temporary chemical toilets must be                   up
                      provided by a company that has been
                      approved by the PM. Such toilets must be
                      available for all site staff, both at the site camp
                      and on site as agreed by the PM.
                      Toilets should be no closer than 50m from any
                      water bodies or stormwater inlets.

                      b) The construction of “long drop” toilets is           PM      Ongoing
                      forbidden.

                      c) Under no circumstances may open areas or             PM      Ongoing
                      the surrounding bush be used as toilet
                      facilities.


                      A.2.3. Provision for Camp Waste Disposal

                      a) Bins and / or skips shall be provided at             PM      During site set
                      convenient intervals for disposal of waste within               up and ongoing
                      construction camps.

                      b) Bins should have liner bags for efficient            PM      Ongoing
                      control and safe disposal of waste.

                      c) Recycling and the provision of separate              PM      During site set
                      waste receptacles for different types of waste                  up and ongoing
                      should be encouraged.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                    Page 6-26
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July 2006
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A.3.                  A.3.1. General Substances and Materials
Establishing
Storage Areas         a) Choice of location for storage areas must       PM/ECO    During site set
                      take into account prevailing winds, distance to              up
Storage areas         water bodies, stormwater drainage inlets,
can be                neighbours and general on-site topography
hazardous,
unsightly and         b) Storage areas must be designated,               PM/ECO    During site set
can cause             demarcated and fenced if necessary.                          up
environmental
pollution if not      c) Storage areas should be secure so as to         PM/ECO    During site set
designed and          minimize the risk of crime. They should be safe              up
managed               from access by children / animals etc.
carefully.
                      d) Fire prevention facilities must be present at   PM/ECO    During site set
                      all storage facilities.                                      up


                      A.3.2. Hazardous substances and materials

                      a) Definition of hazardous substances /
                      materials is those that are potentially:
                      poisonous, flammable, carcinogenic or toxic.

                      b) Some examples of hazardous substances /
                      materials are:
                         - diesel, petroleum, oil, bituminous
                            products
                         - cement
                         - solvent based paints
                         - lubricants
                         - explosives
                         - drilling fluids
                         - hydraulic fluids
                         - pesticides, herbicides
                         - LPG

                      c) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) shall       PM/ECO    Ongoing
                      be readily available on site for all chemicals
                      and hazardous substances to be used on site.
                      Where possible and available, MSDSs should
                      additionally include information on ecological
                      impacts and measures to minimize negative
                      environmental impacts during accidental
                      releases or escapes.

                      d) All hazardous substances are to be stored       PM/ECO    During site set
                      on an impermeable surface while on site to                   up / when
                      prevent contamination of soil in the case of a               bringing
                      spill or leak.                                               hazardous
                                                                                   substances onto
                                                                                   site



Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                 Page 6-27
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                      e) Storage areas containing hazardous                 PM      During site set
                      substances / materials must be clearly signed.                up

                      f) Staff dealing with these materials /              ECO      During staff
                      substances must be aware of their potential                   induction and
                      impacts and follow the appropriate safety                     ongoing as
                      measures.                                                     necessary




A.4. Materials        A.4.1. Source of Materials
Management -
Sourcing        a) Contractors must be able to provide proof of             PM      On award of
                sources of all materials (including topsoil,                        contract
Materials must sands, natural gravels, crushed stone, asphalt,
be sourced in a clay liners, etc.) if requested by the ECO or
   legal and    relevant authorities.
  sustainable
way to prevent b) Where possible, a signed document from                    PM      On receipt of
    off – site  supplier of natural materials should be obtained                    natural materials
 environmental confirming that they have been obtained in a
  degradation   sustainable manner in compliance with the
                relevant legislation.

                      c) Where materials are borrowed (mined), the          PM      On receipt of
                      contractor must be able to provide proof of                   borrowed
                      authorization to utilize these materials from the             materials.
                      landowner / mineral rights owner and the
                      Department of Minerals and Energy.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                  Page 6-28
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A.5.                  A.5.1. Environmental Education and
Education of                 Awareness
Site Staff on
General and     a) Ensure that all site personal have a basic             ECO      During staff
Environ -       level of environmental awareness training. The                     induction and
mental          Contractor must submit a proposal for this                         ongoing
Conduct         training to the ECO for approval. Topics
                covered should include:
These points        - What is meant by environment
need to be          - Why the environment needs to be
made clear to           protected and conserved
all staff on        - How construction activities can impact
site before the         on the environment
project             - What can be done to mitigate against
begins.                 such impacts
                    - Awareness of emergency and spill
                        response provisions.
                    - Social responsibility during construction
                        e.g. being considerate to local residents


                      b) It is the PM responsibility to provide the       ECO      Prior to moving
                      contractors environmental officers with no less              onto site
                      than one hour’s environmental training and
                      ensure that the foreman has sufficient
                      understanding to pass this information onto the
                      construction staff.

                      c) The PM / Environmental Control Officer           ECO      Ongoing
                      should be on hand to explain more difficult /
                      technical issues and to answer questions.

                      d) The use of pictures and real - life examples     ECO      Ongoing
                      is encouraged as these tend to be more easily
                      remembered.

                      e) Construction workers should be made aware        ECO      During staff
                      that they are not to make excessive noise (e.g.              induction,
                      shouting / hooting) as the site is near to                   followed by
                      commercial / residential areas.                              ongoing
                                                                                   monitoring

                      f) The need for a ‘clean site” policy also needs    ECO      Induction,
                      to be explained to construction workers.                     ongoing,
                                                                                   monitoring




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                 Page 6-29
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                      A.5.2. Worker Conduct on Site

                      A general regard for the social and ecological        PM      During staff
                      well being of the site and adjacent areas is                  induction,
                      expected of the site staff. Workers need to be                followed by
                      made aware of the following general rules:                    ongoing
                                                                                    monitoring
                      a) No alcohol / drugs to be present on the site       PM      Ongoing

                      b) No firearms allowed on site or in vehicles         PM      Ongoing
                      transporting staff to and from site, unless used
                      by security personnel.

                      c) Prevent excessive noise.                           PM      Ongoing

                      d) Prevent unsocial behaviour                         PM      Ongoing

                      e) Bringing pets onto the site is forbidden           PM      Ongoing

                      f) No harvesting of firewood from the site or         PM      Ongoing
                      from the areas adjacent to it.

                      g) Construction staff are to make use of the          PM      Ongoing
                      facilities provided for them, as opposed to ad-
                      hoc alternatives (e.g. fires for cooking, the use
                      of surrounding bush for toilet facilities)

                      h)   Trespassing       on      private/commercial     PM      Ongoing
                      properties adjoining the site.

                      i) Driving under the influence of alcohol is          PM      Ongoing
                      prohibited.
                                                                          Monitor   Frequency

A.6. Dust / Air
     Pollution        a) Camp construction / haulage road                 PM/ECO    Ongoing - more
                      construction areas that have been stripped of                 frequently during
Establishment         vegetation must be dampened periodically to                   dry and windy
of the camp           avoid excessive dust.                                         conditions
site, and
related               b) The Contractor must make alternative               PM      Ongoing
temporary             arrangements (other than fires) for cooking and
works can             / or heating requirements. LPG cookers may be
reduce air            used, provided that all safety regulations are
quality               followed.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                  Page 6-30
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A.7.Soil              a) The time that stripped areas are left open to   PM / ECO   Throughout the
Erosion               exposure should be minimized wherever                         duration of the
                      possible.                                                     project
The stripping
of vegetation         b) Wind screening and stormwater control           PM / ECO   During the site
during                should be undertaken to prevent soil loss from                set up
preliminary           the site.
activities on
site greatly          c) Procedures that are in place to conserve        PM / ECO   Daily monitoring
increases the         topsoil during the construction phase of the                  during the site
risk of erosion       project are to be applied to the set up phase,                set up.
                      i.e. topsoil is to be conserved while providing
                      access to the site and setting up the camp.


A.8.                  a) To prevent stormwater damage, the increase      PM/ECO     During surveys
Stormwater            in stormwater run off resulting from                          and preliminary
                      construction activities must be estimated and                 investigations
Serious               the drainage system assessed accordingly. A
financial and         drainage plan must be compiled by the PM and
environmental         submitted to the ECO for approval.
impacts can be
caused by             b) Temporary cut off drains and berms may be       PM/ECO     During site set
unmanaged             required to capture stormwater and promote                    up
stormwater            infiltration.



A.9                   a) Storage areas that contain hazardous              PM       During site set
Water Quality         substances must be bunded with an approved                    up
                      impermeable liner.
Incorrect
disposal of           b) Spills in bunded areas must be cleaned up,      PM / ECO   During site set
substances            removed and disposed of safely from the                       up
and materials         bunded area as soon after detection as
and polluted          possible to minimize pollution risk and reduced
run off can           bunding capacity.
have serious
negative              c) The existing sewerage conservancy tank on       PM / ECO   During site set
effects on            site is to be used to contain grey water                      up
groundwater           generated from showers, vehicle washing and
quality               maintenance (if needed). Materials caught in
                      this bunded area must be disposed of to a
                      suitable waste site.

                      d) Provision should be made during set up for      PM / ECO   During set up, to
                      all polluted run off to be treated to the PM and              be monitored
                      ECO’s approval before being discharged into                   weekly.
                      the stormwater system. (This will be required
                      for the duration of the project).




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                  Page 6-31
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A.10
Conservation          A.10.1. Fauna and Flora
of Natural
Environment           a) No vegetation may be cleared without the        PM/ECO    During site set
                      prior permission of the PM & ECO.                            up and ongoing
Alien plant
encroachment          b) Trees that are not to be cleared should be      PM/ECO    During site set
is particularly       marked beforehand with danger tape.                          up
damaging to
natural habitats      c) Care must be taken to avoid the introduction     ECO      Ongoing in camp
and is often          of alien plant species to the site and                       site, haulage
associated with       surrounding areas. (Particular attention must                areas
disturbance to        be paid to imported material).
the soil during
construction          d) No poaching of fauna is allowed and the         PM/ECO    During surveys
activities. Care      disturbance of birds, animals and reptiles and               and preliminary
must be taken         their habitats should be minimized wherever                  investigations
to conserve           possible.                                                    and ongoing
existing plant
and animal life
on and
surrounding
the site




A.11. Set up          a) The excavation and use of rubbish pits on        ECO      Ongoing
of Waste              site is forbidden. No waste is to be buried on
Management            site
Procedures
                      b) Burning of waste is forbidden.                   ECO      Ongoing

                      c) A fenced area must be allocated for waste        ECO      During site set
                      sorting and disposal.                                        up

                      d) Individual skips for different types of waste    ECO      During site set
                      (e.g. “household” type refuse, building rubble,              up
                      etc.) should be provided. Building rubble or any
                      other waste is not to be stockpiled outside the
                      property boundaries.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                 Page 6-32
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A.12. Social          A.12.1. Public
Impacts –
Visual and            a) The contractor                is to be aware of
Noise                 neighbouring    land              owners during the
                      construction process
It is important
to take notice        A.12.2. Noise Impacts
of the needs
and wishes of         a) Construction vehicles are to be fitted with           PM      Prior to moving
those living          standard silencers prior to the beginning of                     onto the site
and working           construction.
adjacent to the
site. Failure to      b) Equipment that is fitted with noise reduction       PM/ECO    Ongoing
do so can             facilities (e.g. side flaps, silencers etc.) will be
cause                 used as per operating instructions and
disruption to         maintained properly during site operations.
work and
increase costs        A.12.3. Visual Impacts
in the form of
delays.               a) Storage facilities, elevated tanks and other        PM/ECO    During surveys
                      temporary structures should be located such                      and preliminary
                      that they have as little visual impact on local                  investigations
                      residents as possible.                                           and site set up.

                      b) In areas where the visual environment is            PM/ECO    During surveys
                      particularly important (e.g. along commercial /                  and preliminary
                      tourism routes), the site may require screening                  investigations
                      in the form of shade cloth or other suitable                     and site set up.
                      material prior to the beginnings of construction.

                      c) Special attention should be given to the            PM/ECO    During site set
                      screening of highly reflective materials on site.                up




A.13. Cultural        Prior to commencement of construction, all             PM/ECO    During site set
Environment           staff   need     to   know      what   possible                  up and ongoing.
                      archaeological or historical objects of value
                      may look like, and to notify the PM should such
                      and item be uncovered.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                     Page 6-33
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A.14. Security        A.14.1. Fencing
and Safety
                      a) Secure the site in order to reduce the                PM      During site set
                      opportunity for criminal activity in the locality of             up
                      the construction site.

                      b) Potentially hazardous areas such as                   PM      During site set
                      trenches are to be demarcated and clearly                        up
                      marked.


                      A.14.2. Lighting

                      Lighting on site is to be set out to provide             PM      During site set
                      maximum security and to enable easier policing                   up
                      of the site, without creating a visual nuisance to
                      local residents or businesses.

                      A.14.3. Risks Associated with Material on Site

                      a) Material stockpiles or stacks, such as pipes,       PM/ECO    Ongoing
                      must be stable and well secured to avoid
                      collapse and possible injury to site workers /
                      local residents

                      b) Flammable materials should be stored as far         PM/ECO    Ongoing
                      as possible from adjacent residents /
                      businesses.

                      c) Fire fighting equipment should be present on         ECO      Ongoing
                      site at all times as per OHSA

                      d) Obstruction to driver’s line of sight due to        PM/ECO    Ongoing
                      stockpiles and stacked materials must be
                      avoided, especially at intersections and sharp
                      corners

                      e) No materials are to be stored in unstable or        PM/ECO    Ongoing
                      high-risk areas, such as on steep slopes.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                     Page 6-34
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7        TABLE B: MANAGEMENT OF CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES
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B.1. Access to        B.1.2. Maintenance of Access
Site
                      a) If necessary, staff must be employed to          PM/ECO    When necessary
                      clean surfaced roads adjacent to construction
                      sites where materials have been spilt.

                      b) Unnecessary compaction of soils by heavy         PM/ECO    Ongoing
                      vehicles must be avoided; construction vehicles
                      must be restricted to demarcated access,
                      haulage routes and turning areas.

B.2.                  B.2.1. Surfaces
Maintenance
of                    a) The Contractor must monitor and manage             PM      Ongoing
Construction          drainage of the camp site to avoid standing
Camp                  water and soil erosion

                      b) Run off from the site camp must not              PM/ECO    Ongoing
                      discharge into neighbouring properties or the
                      Izotsha Creek.

                      B.2.2. Ablutions

                      a) An adequate number of self-contained              ECO      Ongoing
                      chemical toilets must be established on site i.e.
                      at least one toilet for every 30 workers.

                      b) Chemical toilets are to be maintained in a       PM/ECO    Weekly
                      clean state (serviced by a registered chemical                inspections
                      waste company) and should be moved if
                      required to ensure that they adequately service
                      the work areas.

                      c) Contractors must ensure that no spillage         PM/ECO    Ongoing
                      occurs when chemical toilets are cleaned, and
                      that the contents are properly stored and
                      removed off-site.

                      d) The Contractor is to ensure that open areas      PM/ECO    Weekly
                      or the surrounding bush are not being used as                 inspection
                      a toilet facility.

                      B.2.3. Camp Waste Disposal

                      a) The Contractor shall ensure that all litter is     PM      Ongoing
                      collected from the work and camp areas daily.

                      b) Bins and / skips should be emptied regularly     PM/ECO    Weekly
                      and waste should be disposed of at a
                      registered landfill site. Waybills for such
                      disposals are to be kept by the Contractor for
                      review by the ECO.


Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                  Page 7-35
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                      B.2.4. Eating Areas

                      a) Eating areas should be regularly serviced           PM      Daily
                      and cleaned to ensure the highest possible
                      standards of hygiene and cleanliness.

                      b) All litter throughout the site should be picked     PM      Daily
                      up and placed in the bins provided.

                      B.2.5. Housekeeping

                      The Contractor shall ensure that his camp and        PM/ECO    Weekly
                      working areas are kept clean and tidy at all                   monitoring
                      times

B.3. Staff            B.3.1.  Environmental            Education    and
Conduct               Awareness

                      The Contractor must monitor the performance          PM/ECO    Ongoing
                      of construction workers to ensure that the                     monitoring
                      points relayed during their induction have been
                      properly understood and are being followed. If
                      necessary, the ECO and / or a translator
                      should be called to the site to further explain
                      certain aspects of environmental or social
                      behaviour that are unclear.

                      B.3.2. Worker Conduct on Site

                      The rules that are explained in the worker           PM/ECO    Ongoing
                      conduct section (see Section A.5.2. of this
                      EMP), must be followed at all times during the
                      construction phase of the development.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                   Page 7-36
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B.4. Dust/Air         a) Removal of vegetation must be avoided until        PM      Throughout the
Pollution             such time as soil stripping is required and                   Bulk Earthworks
                      similarly exposed surfaces must be re-                        phase
                      vegetated or stabilised immediately.

                      b) Excavation, handling and transport of            PM/ECO
                      erodible materials, especially adjacent to public             Ongoing
                      roads, must be avoided under high wind
                      conditions.

                      c) Soil stockpiles must be located in sheltered       PM      As directed by
                      areas (where possible) where they are not                     PM
                      exposed to the erosive effects of the wind.

                      d) Stockpiles may cause dust and so must be           PM      Ongoing
                      managed in accordance with the guidelines in
                      Materials and Management in Section B.9.1.

                      e) Access and other cleared surfaces must be          PM      Ongoing
                      dampened whenever possible and especially in
                      dry and windy conditions to avoid excessive
                      dust.

                      f) Where dust is unavoidable adjacent to              PM      As directed by
                      residential or commercial areas, screening will               PM
                      be required utilizing wooden supports and
                      shade cloth.

                      g) Vehicles and machinery are to be kept in           PM      Ongoing
                      good working order and to meet manufacturer’s
                      specifications for safety, fuel consumption etc.

                      h) Should excessive emissions be observed,            PM      As directed by
                      the Contractor is to have the equipment seen to               PM
                      as soon as possible.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                  Page 7-37
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B.5. Soil             B.5.1.   Topsoil Stripping and Stockpiling
Erosion
                      a) Strategic vegetation clearance must be             PM/ECO    Ongoing
Given the             ensured, i.e. in a staged approach to maximize
erosion               the time soil remains protected by vegetation
sensitive soils       cover. The time the stripped areas are exposed
on the site,          must be minimized where possible.
exposed soil of
a high gradient        b) Once an area has been cleared of                   ECO      Ongoing
will present a         vegetation, the top layer (nominally 150mm) of
significant            soil should be removed and stockpiled in a
erosion                designated area (see stockpile management
hazard.                B.9).
                                                                             ECO      Ongoing
                       c) Cleared vegetation must be saved for
                       mulching in order to stabilise the soil.

                      B.5.2. Exposed surfaces

                      a) Topsoiling and revegetation shall commence         PM/ECO    As each activity
                      immediately after the completion of an activity                 is completed
                      to reduce the risk of soil erosion.

                      b) Side tipping of spoil and excavated materials      PM/ECO    Ongoing
                      shall not be permitted - all soil material shall be
                      disposed of as directed by the ECO.

                      c) Battering of all banks shall be such that cut      PM/ECO    As the cut and
                      and fill embankments are no steeper than                        fill activity is
                      previous natural slopes, unless otherwise                       completed
                      agreed between the PM and ECO. Cut and fill
                      embankments steeper than previous ground
                      levels shall be revegetated immediately on
                      completion of trimming or shall be protected
                      against      erosion    using     bioengineered
                      stabilization measures.

                      d) All embankments, unless otherwise directed           PM      Immediately
                      by the PM, shall be protected by a cut off drain                after the creation
                      to prevent water from cascading down the face                   of the
                      of the embankment and causing erosion.                          embankment/
                                                                                      stripping of
                                                                                      vegetation.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                    Page 7-38
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B.6.                  B.6.1. General Principles
Stormwater
                      a) Earth berms of between 300mm and 750mm          PM/ECO    During planning
Construction          height, constructed to the satisfaction of the               and Ongoing
activities            engineer and environmental control officer
frequently            must be put in place to intercept and detain all
result in             potential storm water run off. Spillway area
diversions of         lined in such a way as to prevent erosion (for
natural water         example, with pipes and or plastic sheeting).
flow resulting
in                    b) Earth, stone and rubble is to be properly         PM      Monitoring
concentration         disposed of as not to obstruct natural water                 throughout the
of flow and an        pathways over the site.                                      duration of the
increase in the                                                                    project.
erosive               c) There should be a periodic checking of the      PM/ECO    Monthly
potential of the      site’s drainage system to ensure that the water              checking
water.                flow is unobstructed.
Measures in
this section are      d) The use of high velocity stormwater             PM/ECO    As directed by
aimed at              pipelines should be avoided in favour of open,               the PM
reducing the          high    friction,  semi-permeable    channels
erosive               wherever feasible.
potential of
stormwater
                      B.6.3. Unchannelled Flow

                      a) During construction, unchannelled flow must     PM/ECO    As surfaces
                      be controlled to avoid soil erosion. Where                   become
                      large areas of soil are left exposed, rows of                exposed
                      straw / hay or bundles of cut vegetation should
                      be dug into the soil in contours to slow surface
                      wash and capture eroded soil. The spacing
                      between rows will be dependant on slope.

                      b) Where surface run-off is concentrated (e.g.     PM/ECO    Ongoing
                      along exposed roadways/ tracks), flow should
                      be slowed by contouring with hay bales or
                      bundled vegetation generated during site
                      clearance operation.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                 Page 7-39
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B.7. Water            To protect the soil surface, groundwater,
Quality               streams and watercourses from possible
                      contamination from hazardous substances and
Water quality is      sediment from soil erosion, a number of
affected by the       mitigatory steps can be taken (in addition to
incorrect             those listed under Section B.5, B.6 & B9.2),
handling of           namely:
substances
and materials.        a) Mixing/decanting of all chemicals and             PM/ECO    Regular
Soil erosion          hazardous substances must take place either                    monitoring
and sediment          on a tray or on an impermeable surface. Waste
is also               from these should then be disposed of to a
detrimental to        suitable waste site.
water quality.
                      b) Every effort should be made to ensure that        PM/ECO    Regular
Mis-                  any chemicals or hazardous substances do not                   monitoring
management            contaminate the soil or ground water on site
of polluted run       (See B.9.2 for details).
off from vehicle
and plant             c) Care must be taken to ensure that run off         PM/ECO    Regular
washing and           from vehicle or plant washing does not enter                   monitoring
wind dispersal        the ground water. Wash water must be passed
of dry materials      through a three-chamber SOG trap prior to
into rivers and       being discharged as effluent to a regular
watercourses          municipal sewer.
are detrimental
to water              d) Site staff shall not be permitted to use any       ECO      Daily monitoring
quality.              nearby stream, river, other open water body or
                      natural water source adjacent to the designated
                      site for the purposes of bathing, washing of
                      clothing, or for any construction or related
                      activities. Municipal water (or another source
                      approved by the Municipality, Environmental
                      Officer) should instead be used for all activities
                      such as washing of equipment, or disposal of
                      any type of waste, dust suppression, concrete
                      mixing, compaction, etc.

                      e) Emergency contact numbers in case of              PM/ECO    From start     of
                      spillages of potentially polluting and / or                    project
                      hazardous chemicals should be in the
                      possession of the PM and should be displayed
                      in the site office.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                   Page 7-40
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B.8.                  B.8.1. Fauna and Flora
Conservation
of Natural            a) No indigenous vegetation within the site area       ECO        Ongoing
Environment           is to be removed or damaged other than that
                      which has been agreed upon with the PM and
Although the          ECO and has been indicated on the approved
proposed              site development plan. Any contraventions of
location of the       this principle will make the contractor liable to
development           make good at their expense.
has been
chosen, with          c) Gathering of firewood, fruit, muthi plants,         ECO        Ongoing
the intention to      crops, or any other natural material on site or in
limit the impact      areas adjacent to the site is prohibited.
on environ-
mentally              d) The hunting of birds and animals and setting        ECO        Ongoing
sensitive             of snares and traps on site and in surrounding                    monitoring
areas, a              areas is forbidden. Education, monitoring and
certain amount        fines should be used as deterrents
of disturbance
to fauna and          e) Immediate revegetation of stripped areas            ECO        Ongoing
flora is              and removal of alien plants by weeding must
unavoidable.          take place. This significantly reduces the
                      amount of time and money that must be spent
                      on    alien     plant management      during
                      rehabilitation.

                      f) Alien vegetation encroachment onto site as a        ECO        Twice monthly
                      result of construction activities must be                         Monitoring
                      controlled during construction.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                      Page 7-41
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
                                                                         Monitoring   Frequency
B.9. Materials          B.9.1. Stockpile Management
Management
                      a) Stockpiles should not be situated such that      PM/ECO      Location as
Stockpiling of        they obstruct water pathways i.e. they shouldn’t                discussed by PM
soil can result       extend outside the properties boundaries and                    & ECO
in the loss of        impact adjacent storm water inlet drains.
nutrients
(leaching) loss       b) Stockpiles should not exceed 2m in height        PM/ECO
of structure,         unless otherwise agreed with the ECO.
compaction
and                   c) If stockpiles are exposed to windy conditions    PM/ECO      As this
colonization by       or heavy rain, they should be covered either by                 becomes
invasive plants.      vegetation, or sheeting, depending on the                       necessary
Careful               duration of the project. Stockpiles may be
management is         further protected by the construction of berms
therefore             or low brick walls around their bases
needed.
                      d) Stockpiles should be kept clear of weeds         PM/ECO      Monthly
                      and alien vegetation growth by regular                          monitoring
                      weeding.

                      B.9.2.1 Handling of Hazardous Materials

                      a) All concrete mixing must take place on a         PM/ECO      Ongoing
                      designated, impermeable surface, sufficiently                   monitoring
                      large to trap spillages.

                      b) No vehicles transporting concrete to the site    PM/ECO      Ongoing
                      must be washed on the site.                                     monitoring

                      c) No vehicles transporting, placing or             PM/ECO      Monthly
                      compacting asphalt or any other bituminous
                      product may be washed on site.

                      d) Lime and other powders must not be mixed           PM        Ongoing
                      during excessively windy conditions.

                      e) All substances required for vehicle              PM/ECO      Ongoing
                      maintenance and repair must be stored in                        monitoring
                      sealed containers until they can be disposed of
                      / removed from the site.

                      f) Hazardous substances / materials are to be       PM/ECO      Ongoing
                      transported in sealed containers or bags.                       monitoring

                      g) Spraying of herbicides / pesticides should       PM/ECO      Ongoing as
                      not take place under windy conditions and must                  required
                      comply with OHSA specs and other chemical
                      handling laws.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                    Page 7-42
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
                                                                          Monitor   Frequency

                      h) Hazardous Materials must be stored in            PM/ECO    Ongoing
                      designated and appropriately constructed                      monitoring
                      areas within a secured area/site camp within
                      the development footprint.

                      i) The Contractors must identify fuels and          PM/ECO    Prior to
                      hazardous substances to be stored on the site,                hazardous
                      and must ensure that they know the effects of                 substances
                      these substances on their staff and the                       being stored on
                      environment.     A copy of the fuels and                      site
                      hazardous substance inventory (MSDS Sheets)
                      must be kept by the PM.

                      j) All fuels, oils and chemicals which are stored   PM/ECO    Ongoing
                      in tanks or drums must be located within a                    monitoring
                      brickwork bund to prevent liquids from
                      escaping in the event of a spill or leak. The
                      volume of the bund must be 110% of the
                      volume of the storage tanks.

                      k) The integrity of the hazardous materials         PM/ECO    Quarterly
                      storage vessels and bunding must be checked
                      on a regular basis (quarterly) using approved
                      methodologies.

                      l) Hazardous material storage areas must be          ECO      During
                      kept a considerable distance away from all                    installation
                      stormwater inlets, therefore reducing the risk of
                      hydrological contamination.

                      B.9.2.2 Spill and Leak Procedure-Contingency
                      Plan

                      a) The accidental or negligent spillage of any       ECO      In the case of a
                      fuels or potentially hazardous substances must                spill
                      be cleaned up immediately using the
                      appropriate methodologies, equipment and
                      materials.

                      b) The contractor must ensure that the               ECO      Prior to
                      necessary materials, equipment and chemicals                  hazardous
                      are available on the site to deal with spills of              substances
                      any of the hazardous substances/materials                     being stored on
                      present.                                                      site

                      c) Construction workers and staff on site must      PM/ECO    Prior to
                      be trained to carry out a spill contingency plan              hazardous
                      should such an event occur.                                   substances
                                                                                    being stored on
                      d) Any contaminated soil or water must be                     site
                      removed and stored in a skip until it can be        PM/ECO    Ongoing
                      disposed of at a permitted disposal site.                     Monitoring



Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                  Page 7-43
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
                                                                           Monitoring   Frequency

B.10.                 B.10.1. On - site Waste Management
Waste
management            a) Refuse must be placed in designated skips /        PM/ECO      Ongoing
                      bins which must be regularly emptied. These                       monitoring
                      should remain within demarcated areas and
                      should be designed to prevent refuse from
                      being blown out by wind.

                      b) In addition to the waste facilities within the     PM/ECO      Ongoing
                      construction camp, provision must be made for                     monitoring
                      waste receptacles to be placed at intervals
                      along the work front.

                      c) Littering on the site is forbidden and the site    PM/ECO      Ongoing
                      shall be cleared of all litter at the end of each                 monitoring
                      working day.

                      d) Recycling is to be encouraged by providing         PM/ECO      Ongoing
                      separate receptacles for different types of                       monitoring
                      waste and making sure that staff are aware of
                      their uses.

                      B.10.2. Waste disposal

                      Non - hazardous waste
                      All waste and construction rubble must be               PM        As required
                      removed from the site and transported to an
                      approved landfill site.

                      a) Waybills proving disposal at each site shall         PM        Checked at each
                      be kept by the Contractor for inspection.                         site meeting

                      b) Waste from chemical toilets should be                PM        Monitored
                      disposed of regularly and in a responsible                        weekly and at
                      manner by a registered waste contractor. Care                     the start of the
                      must be taken to avoid contamination of soils                     builders holidays
                      and water, pollution and nuisance to adjoining
                      areas.

                      Hazardous Wastes
                      a) Hazardous waste disposal must be carried             PM        Ongoing
                      out by an approved waste contractor to an
                      approved hazardous waste disposal site.

                      b) A sump (earth or other) must be created for        PM/ECO      As required
                      concrete waste. This is to be de-sludged
                      regularly and the cement waste is to be
                      removed to an approved waste disposal site




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                      Page 7-44
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
                                                                                   Monitoring   Frequency

B.11.                 B.11.1. Disruption               of   Infrastructure   and
Social                Services
Impacts
                      B.11.1.1 General
A system
should be             a) Contractor’s activities and movement of staff                PM        Ongoing
established to        to be restricted to designated construction
ensure that           areas.
public
complaints /          b) Should construction staff be approached by                 PM/ECO      Ongoing
queries /             members of the public, they should assist them
comments are          in locating the PM, or provide a number on
recorded and          which they may contact the PM.
addressed
appropriately         c) The conduct of the construction staff when                   PM        Ongoing
for the duration      dealing with the public or other stakeholders
of the project.       shall be in a manner that is polite and
                      courteous at all times. Failure to adhere to this
                      requirement may result in the removal of staff
                      from the site by the PM.

                      d) Disruption of access for local residents must                PM        Ongoing
                      be minimised and must be monitored by the
                      PM.

                      e) The contractor is to inform neighbours in                  PM/ECO      At least 24 hours
                      writing of disruptive activities at least 24 hours                        prior to the
                      beforehand. This can take place by way of                                 activity taking
                      leaflets placed in the post-boxes.                                        place



                      B.11.1.2 Traffic

                      a) Traffic must have the right of way at all times              PM        Ongoing




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                              Page 7-45
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
                                                                           Monitoring   Frequency

                      B.11.2 Visual Impacts

                      a) Lighting on the construction site should be        PM/ECO      Ongoing
                      pointed downwards and away from oncoming
                      traffic and nearby houses.

                      b) The site must be kept clean to minimize the        PM/ECO      Ongoing/ weekly
                      visual impact of the site.                                        monitoring
                                                                                        Ongoing
                      c) If screening is being used, this must be           PM/ECO
                      moved and re-erected as required as work
                      progresses.

                      B.11.3. Noise

                      a) Machinery and vehicles are to be kept in            ECO        Ongoing
                      good working order for the duration of the
                      project to minimize noise nuisance to
                      neighbours.

                      b) Notice of particularly noisy activities must be    PM/ECO      At least 24hrs
                      given to residents / businesses adjacent to the                   prior to the
                      construction site.                                                activity taking
                      Examples of these include: Noise generated by                     place
                      jackhammers, Drilling, Blasting.

                      c) Noisy activities must be restricted to the           PM        Ongoing
                      times agreed with the Local Authorities and
                      neighbouring residents.

                      B.11.4. Communication with public

                      a) The PM is responsible for addressing               PM/ECO      Ongoing
                      queries, comments and complaints from the
                      general public.

                      b) A complaints register should be housed at           ECO        Ongoing
                      the site office, with numbered pages. Any
                      missing pages must be accounted for.

                      c) Queries and complaints are to be handled           PM/ECO      Ongoing
                      by:
                          - Documenting      details   of    such
                            communications in the complaints
                            register
                          - Taking remedial action in consultation
                            with the ECO as required.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                      Page 7-46
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
                                                                           Monitoring   Frequency

B.12. Cultural        Although the site is very unlikely to contain any
Environment           artefacts, excavations may unearth items of
                      historical or archaeological value i.e. old stone
                      foundations,     tools,    clayware,    jewellery,
                      remains, fossils, etc. In the remote chance that
                      this does occur, KZN Heritage should be
                      contacted on Tel. 033- 3946543 Fax 033-
                      3426097.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                      Page 7-47
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
8        TABLE C: POST CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES
                                                                         Monitory   Frequency
C.1.
Construction          a) All structures comprising the construction        PM       Project
Camp                  camp are to be removed from the site and                      completion
                      surrounding areas.

                      b) The area that previously housed the               PM       Project
                      construction camp is to be checked for spills of              completion
                      substances such as oil, paint, diesel, etc. and
                      these should be cleaned up.

                      c) All hardened surfaces within the construction     PM       Project
                      camp area should be ripped, all imported                      completion
                      materials removed, and the area shall be
                      topsoiled and regrassed according to the
                      revegetation specifications provided by the
                      developer’s landscaper.

                      d) The Contractor must arrange              the      PM       Project
                      cancellation of any temporary services.                       completion



C.2.
Vegetation            a) All areas that have been disturbed by             PM       Project
                      construction     activities (including the                    completion
                      construction camp area) must be cleared of
                      alien vegetation

                      b) All vegetation that has been cleared during       PM       Project
                      construction is to be removed from site or used               completion
                      as mulch, (except for seeding alien vegetation)




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                  Page 8-48
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
                                                                        Monitor   Frequency

C.3. Land             a) All surfaces hardened due to construction      PM/ECO    Project
Rehabilitation        activities are to be ripped and imported                    completion
                      materials thereon removed.

                      b) All rubble is to be removed from the site to     PM      Project
                      an approved disposal site. Burying rubble on                completion
                      the site is prohibited.

                      c) The site and surrounding areas is to be          PM      Project
                      cleared of all litter.                                      completion

                      d) Surfaces are to be checked for waste           PM/ECO    Project
                      products from activities such as concreting or              completion
                      asphalting.

                      e) All embankments are to be trimmed, shaped      PM/ECO    Project
                      and replanted to the satisfaction of the ECO.               completion

                      f) The Contractor is to check that all             ECO      Project
                      watercourses are free from building rubble,                 completion
                      spoil materials and waste materials.




C.4. Materials        a) All residual stockpiles must be removed to     ECO/PM    On completion of
and                   spoil or spread on site as directed by the PM.              construction
Infrastructure
                      b) All leftover building materials must be        ECO/PM    On completion of
                      returned to the depot or removed from the site.             construction

                      c) The Contractor must repair any damage that     ECO/PM    On completion of
                      the construction works has caused to                        construction
                      neighbouring properties.

                      d) Fences, barriers and demarcations              ECO/PM    On completion of
                      associated with the construction phase are to               construction
                      be removed from the site unless stipulated
                      otherwise by the PM.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                                Page 8-49
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
C.5. General          a) A meeting is to be held on site between the    ECO/PM   On completion of
                      PM, ECO to approve all remediation activities              the
                      and ensure that the site has been restored to a            construction and
                      condition acceptable to the ECO and PM.                    maintenance
                                                                                 phases
                      b) All areas where temporary services were        ECO/PM   On completion of
                      installed are to be rehabilitated to the                   construction
                      satisfaction of the PM.




Sunrise Bay Estate                                                               Page 8-50
NMH CONSULTING
Construction Environmental Management Plan - Draft 2
July 2006
      FIGURE 1



FINAL DETAILED LAYOUT




                        1
                FIGURE 2



   STORMWATER MANAGEMENT PLAN DRAWING
INCLUDING TEMPORARY STORMWATER MEASURES




  ( TO BE INCLUDED ONCE COMPLETED)




                                          2
                                       ANNEXURES



Annexure A:   Declaration of Understanding of the EMP

Annexure B:   Main Actions Required by the Contractor for Compliance with the EMP

Annexure C:   Construction Activities that will require Method Statements

Annexure D:   Contractors Environmental Officer Daily Checklist (Example)

Annexure E:   Contractors Environmental Officer Comprehensive Monthly Checklist (Example)

Annexure F:   Department of Agriculture and Environmental Affairs Record of Decision - EIA
              5470




                                                                                     3
                                               ANNEXURE A:

                                 Declaration of Understanding of the EMP




I,

representing


declare that I have read and understood the contents of the Environmental Specifications (which include
the EMP, the Project Specifications and this guideline document) for

Contract


I also declare that I understand my responsibilities in terms of enforcing and implementing the
Environmental Specifications for the aforementioned Contract.


Signed:


Place:


Date:


Witness 1:


Witness 2:




                                                                                                  4
                                               ANNEXURE B:

                Main Actions Required by the Contractor for Compliance with the EMP



1.    PRIOR TO COMMENCEMENT

1.1   Method Statements

      Where relevant, method statements, shall be provided by the Contractor within 14 days of receipt
      of the Letter of Acceptance.

      All activities, which require method statements may only commence once the method statements
      have been approved by the ECO/PM.

1.2   Environmental Awareness Course preparation

      The Contractor shall organise and finalise the logistics and date of the Environmental Awareness
      Course with the ECO/PM before the Commencement Date.

2.    INITIAL TWO WEEKS AFTER COMMENCEMENT

2.1   Demarcation of the Site

      Where required, one of the first actions to be undertaken by the Contractor shall be to erect and
      maintain a temporary fence along the boundaries of the Site camp, and around any no-go areas,
      to the satisfaction of the ECO/PM.

2.2   Environmental Awareness Course

      The Contractor shall ensure all management staff attend the awareness course to be held in or
      before the first week after the Commencement Date.

2.3   Follow-on from the Environmental Awareness Course

      The Contractor shall be responsible for ensuring that the information presented at the course
      along with the requirements in the EMP are presented to the rest of his staff including all labour
      and mechanical staff as well as to Sub-contractors and their staff. During construction, if new
      personnel will be coming onto Site, the Contractor shall be responsible for providing awareness
      training and thus ensuring that these personnel are aware of the environmental specifications on
      Site.

2.4   Method statement awareness

      Where applicable, the Contractor shall provide job-specific training on an ad hoc basis when
      workers are engaged in activities, which require method statements.

3.    DURING THE CONSTRUCTION PERIOD

3.1   Copy of the EMP and familiarisation thereof

      A copy of the EMP and its relevant Project Specification clauses shall be available on Site, and
      the Contractor shall ensure that all the personnel on Site (including Sub-contractors and their
      staff) as well as suppliers, are familiar with and understand the specifications contained in the
      EMP.


                                                                                                   5
3.2   Method Statements

      Other method statements, which are required during construction, must be submitted to the PM
      for approval 14 days prior to the proposed commencement of the activity. This may include
      emergency construction method statements.

3.3   Watchmen

      Where applicable, the Contractor shall ensure that a watchman is present on Site during all non-
      working hours, including public holidays.

3.4   Materials handling, use and storage

      The Contractor shall ensure that any materials delivery drivers are informed of all procedures and
      restrictions (e.g. which access roads to use, no go areas, speed limits, noise, etc) required by the
      EMP before they arrive at Site and off load any materials.


4.    AFTER CONSTRUCTION IS COMPLETE

4.1   Site clean up

      The Contractor shall clear and clean the Site and ensure that everything not forming part of the
      Permanent Works is removed from Site.

4.2   Revegetation and rehabilitation

      The Contractor shall be responsible for rehabilitating and revegetating all areas to the satisfaction
      of the ECO/PM as detailed in the Revegetation Specification and project specifications.




                                                                                                     6
                                       ANNEXURE C:

                Construction Activities that will require Method Statements



INFORMATION ON METHOD STATEMENTS


Specified Contractors shall provide method statements for approval by the PM and ECO prior to
work commencing on aspects of the project deemed or identified to be of greater risk to the
environment, when called upon to do so by the PM. Statements from Contractors may be
required by the ECO for specific sensitive actions. Construction activities which shall need a
method statement includes, but is not limited to:

ACTIVITY                   SPECIFICS
Access Routes and         •   Upgrading and construction of access routes
Roads
                          •   Rehabilitation of temporary access routes
                          •   Location of proposed access routes
Alien Plant Clearing       Method of control to be used for the eradication or control
                           of alien vegetation
Blasting                   Details of all methods and logistics associated with
                           blasting (if required).
Borrow Pit                 Establishment and use of any new borrow pit.
Cement/Concrete           •   Location, layout and preparation of cement/ concrete
Batching                      batching facilities including the methods employed for
                              the mixing of concrete including the management of
                              runoff water from such areas
Emergency                  Emergency construction Method Statements
Environmental             •   Logistics for the environmental awareness course for
Awareness Course              all the Contractor’s employees
                          •   Logistics for the environmental awareness course for
                              the Contractor’s management staff
Fire, Hazardous and       •   Handling and storage of hazardous waste
Poisonous substances
                          •   Emergency spillages procedures and compounds to
                              be used
                          •   Emergency procedures for fire
                          •   Use of herbicides, pesticides and other poisonous
                              substances
                          •   Methods of the disposal of hazardous building
                              materials, including asbestos, fibre claddings,
                              refrigerants and coolants.
Fuels and Fuel Spills     •   Methods of refuelling vehicles and plant
                          •   Details of methods for fuel spills and clean up
                              operations
Stormwater                 Construction site drainage design and management and
management                 layout and preparation of temporary sediment retention
                           structures as well as additional methods of erosion

                                                                                         7
ACTIVITY                    SPECIFICS
                            control, including erosion of spoil materials
Site Establishment          •   Layout and preparation of the construction camp
                            •   Method of installing fences required for ‘no go’ areas,
                                working areas and construction camp areas
                            •   Preparation of working area
Sources of materials        Details of materials imported to the site (where
                            applicable)
Vegetation clearing         Method of vegetation clearing during site establishment

Changes to the way the works are to be carried out must be reflected by amendments to the
original approved Method Statement; amendments require the signature of the ECO and the PM,
denoting that the changed methodology or works are necessary for the successful completion of
the works, and are environmentally acceptable. The Contractor will also be required to sign the
amended Method Statement thereby committing him/herself to the amended Method Statement.
All method statements shall form part of the EMP documentation and are subject to all terms and
conditions contained in the EMP.

Note that a method statement is a point of departure for understanding the nature of the intended
actions to be carried out and allows for all parties to review and understand the procedures to be
followed in order to minimise risk of harm to the environment. Changes to, and adaptations of,
method statements can be implemented with the prior consent of all parties.

A method statement describes the scope of the intended work in a step-by-step description in
order for the PM and ECO to understand the Contractors intentions. This shall enable them to
assist in devising any mitigation measures, which would minimise environmental impact during
these tasks. For each instance where it is requested that a Contractor submit a method
statement to the satisfaction of the PM and ECO, the format should clearly indicate the following:

What          -      a brief description of the work to be undertaken;
How           -      a detailed description of the process of work, methods and materials;
Where         -      a description/sketch map of the locality of work (if applicable); and
When          -      the sequencing of actions with due commencement dates and completion
              date estimates.

The Method Statement can only be implemented once approved by the ECO and PM.

The Contractor (and, where relevant, any sub-contractors) must also sign the Method Statement,
thereby indicating that the works will be carried out according to the methodology contained in
the approved Method Statement.

The ECO will use the Method Statement to audit compliance by the Contractor with the
requirements of the approved Method Statement.

This Method Statement MUST contain sufficient information and detail to enable the PM and
ECO to apply their minds to the potential impacts of the works on the environment. The
Contractor will also need to thoroughly understand what is required of him/her in order to
undertake the works.

THE TIME TAKEN TO PROVIDE A THOROUGH, DETAILED METHOD STATEMENT IS TIME
WELL SPENT. INSUFFICIENT DETAIL WILL RESULT IN DELAYS TO THE WORKS WHILE
THE METHOD STATEMENT IS REWRITTEN TO THE PM’S AND ECO’S SATISFACTION. The
page overleaf provides a pro forma method statement sheet, which needs to be completed for
each activity requiring a method statement in terms of the EMP.

                                                                                             8
                                   METHOD STATEMENT PROFORMA



CONTRACT:                .......................................................................   DATE:   ....................


PROPOSED ACTIVITY (give title of method statement and reference number from the EMP):




WHAT WORK IS TO BE UNDERTAKEN (give a brief description of the works)?




WHERE ARE THE WORKS TO BE UNDERTAKEN (where possible, provide an annotated plan and a
full description of the extent of the works):




START AND END DATE OF THE WORKS FOR WHICH THE METHOD STATEMENT IS
REQUIRED:

 Start Date:                                                                        End Date:



HOW THE WORKS ARE TO BE UNDERTAKEN (provide as much detail as possible, including
annotated sketches and plans were possible):




* Note: please attach extra pages if more space is required




                                                                                                                   8-1
DECLARATIONS

1)       ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL OFFICER
The work described in this Method Statement, if carried out according to the methodology described,
is satisfactorily mitigated to prevent avoidable environmental harm:


____________________                   ____________________
(signed)                               (print name)


Dated:.____________________



2)       PERSON UNDERTAKING THE WORKS
I understand the contents of this Method Statement and the scope of the works required of me. I
further understand that this Method Statement may be amended on application to other signatories
and that the ECO and PM will audit my compliance with the contents of this Method Statement


____________________                   ____________________
(signed)                               (print name)


Dated: ____________________



3)     APPROVING AUTHORITY (i.e. PM)
The works described in this Method Statement are approved.



___________________            ___________________ ___                 ______________
(signed)                       (print name)                            (designation)



Dated: _______________




                                                                                             8-2
                                                    ANNEXURE D:

                   Contractors Environmental Officer Weekly Checklist (Example)




Contract:


                                                     YES/ NO
          ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT                                    COMMENTS
                                                     ( or X)
•   All new personnel on site are aware of the
    contents of the EMP and have been through
    the environmental awareness course.
•   Contractor’s camp is neat and tidy and the
    labourer’s facilities are of an acceptable
    standard.
•   Sufficient and appropriate fire fighting
    equipment is visible and readily available in
    the appropriate places, e.g. next to the fuel
    depot or where “hot work” is underway.
•   Waste control and removal system is being
    maintained.
•   Boundary and other fences are being
    maintained.
•   Drip trays are being utilised were there is a
    risk of incidental spillage
•   Bunds/ drip trays are being emptied on a
    regular basis (especially after rain).
•   No leakages are visible from construction
    vehicles
•   Refuelling of vehicles is occurs within the
    workshop or, if outside the workshop, drip
    trays are being used.
•   No go areas, remaining natural features and
    trees have not been damaged.
•   Dust control measures (if necessary) are in
    place and are effectively controlling dust.
•   Noise Control measures (if necessary) are in
    place and are working effectively.
•   Erosion control measures (if necessary) are
    in place and are effective in controlling
    erosion.
•   Stockpiles of topsoil are located within the
    boundary of the site, do not exceed 2 m in
    height and are protected from erosion.
•   Spoil stockpiles are located within the
    boundary of the site, do not exceed 2 m in
    height and are protected from erosion.




    Completed by:……………………… Sign:…………..…………. Date:………………………




                                                                                  8-3
                                             ANNEXURE E:

              Contractors Environmental Officer Comprehensive Monthly Checklist
                                         (Example)



Contract: ………………………………………………………………………………………

                                                                    YES/
NO.                   ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT                           NO      COMMENTS
                                                                   ( or X)

 1    Construction sites are demarcated or fenced
 2    No stockpiling outside demarcated construction site
 3    Soil/sand stockpiles are stabilized
 4    Stockpiles are not higher than two meters
 5    Fencing of trees and sensitive features is up to date
      No protected trees or features are disturbed or
 6    damaged
 7    Fencing as above is maintained and checked
 8    No material or equipment is left inside fenced off areas
 9    All site staff are environmentally inducted
10    A safety officer has been appointed on site
11    First aid is available on site
12    Site safety officer qualified in basic first aid
13    Emergency telephone numbers are displayed on site
      All workers in the vicinity of up level works to wear hard
14    hats
15    Fire extinguishers (minimum two per site camp)
16    Additional fire extinguisher required for "hot works"
17    Fire extinguisher inspection details available
      Water sources to be used in the case of a fire are
18    known
      Fire extinguishers can be reached (not packed away in
19    containers etc.)
20    Workers are familiar with fire extinguisher operation
21    Cooking fires are cleared with the ECO
      Cooking fires controlled in site camps with fire
22    extinguishers on hand
23    No smoking or cooking close to flammable substances
      Fuels stored in site camps and measures implemented
24    to prevent spills
25    Bulk fuel is bunded at 110 % of volume
26    Bulk fuel bunds are protected from filling with rain water
27    At least 12,5 kg spill remediation product on site.
      Spill remediation product is being used on any
28    hydrocarbon spills
29    One toilet is available for every 15 workers.
30    Workers do not have to walk more than 100 m to toilets
31    Workers are using toilets for their ablutions
32    Toilets are clean and hygienic




                                                                                    8-4
33 Toilets are secure and can not blow over
34 Toilets do not stand in or near water
35 Chemical toilet emptying schedule available
   No spillage takes place when chemical toilets are
36 emptied
   Construction litter (bags, tags, wire, plastic, strapping
37 etc) is removed
38 Waste disposal programmes are available
39 Bins are emptied regularly according to program
   At least one worker is nominated each day to collect
40 waste
   Waterproof rubbish bins with secure lids are available
41 on site
42 Rubbish bins as above in eating areas and site camps
43 Site camps are kept tidy at all times
   Food preparation and eating restricted to site camps
44 and eating areas
45 Smoking restricted to site camps and eating areas
46 Noise pollution is minimised
   Drip trays used on all fuel driven equipment (pumps,
47 generators etc.)
48 Site plant that drips fuel/oil are not allowed to work
49 Drip trays under any leaking plant as above
50 Refuelling of equipment to be done without fuel spillage
   Hauling trucks have sheeting to prevent material
51 spillage
   Traffic safety implemented when constructing near
52 public roads
   All public road surfaces kept clean of building material,
53 mud and sand
54 All site equipment to be in good working order
   Servicing of vehicles is done in site camps with the
55 necessary drip trays
56 Construction water is not allowed to flow off site
57 Storm water flows are not obstructed
   Temporary storm water attenuation structures are being
58 maintained and are functioning appropriately
59 Workers do not enter sensitive, fenced or no go areas
60 No site staff are allowed into sensitive areas
61 Any historical or pre historical finds are reported to ECO
   Any animals naturally occurring on site are rescued
62 (notify ECO)
63 Where required indigenous plants are rescued
64 Where possible topsoil is stockpiled for later re - use
   Cleared areas are stabilised as required (prevent
65 erosion)
66 Sand and stone imports do not introduce alien plants
   Building materials are prepared in bunded batching
67 plants
   Concrete batching plants make provision for
68 contaminated water
69 Sediments are allowed to settle before water is




                                                                8-5
      released
70    Contaminated water is pumped into conservancy tanks
71    Concrete batching plants are inspected by the ECO
72    On site concrete mixing is done in mixing pans
73    Shutter boards are not oiled on open ground
      Unnecessary concrete spills do not take place (e.g. off
74    mixing pans)
      Sedimentation ponds available for concrete batching
75    plants
      No detergents to be allowed to enter natural water
76    systems
      Erosion to be prevented by stabilisation in consultation
77    with the ECO
78    Dust production to be minimised
      Dust control by water or surface coverage must be
79    implemented
80    Danger tape to be used around all open excavations
81    Used equipment to be removed off site
82    Site access is controlled
83    Regular working hours are kept on site
84    Register of all site accidents are kept
85    Register of public complaints is being kept
86    No pets are allowed on site
87    Residents activities are not disrupted or disturbed
88    Disturbance to adjacent residents is minimised
      Adjacent residents and offices notified of activities such
89    as blasting
90    Copy of Environmental Management Plan on site
      Subcontractors aware of environmental management
91    process
      Subcontractors workers have been environmentally
92    inducted
93    Subcontractors aware of the prescriptions in the EMP
      Environmentally sensitive matters are reported to the
94    ECO
95    ECO contact number available on site
96    Requested method statements handed to ECO
      Works take place according to approved method
 97   statements
 98   Site notes from PM are adhered to
 99   Environmental Site Meetings are attended
100   Are you proud of the environmental status of your site




Completed by:……………………… Sign:…………..…………. Date:………………………




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                                     ANNEXURE F

Department of Agriculture and Environmental Affairs Record of Decision - EIA 5470




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