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Ancient Irish Monuments

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					You may have figured out that we like prehistory, so let's define ancient Irish
monuments. Hopefully, you'll find this more interesting than our nieces did.... They
pretended to be snoozing in the back seat when we were exploring some of these
sites!
  We've talked about some of the ancient Irish monuments we've seen..., the passage
tombs of Bru na Boinne and sites like the Hill of Tara.... But what are all those other
monument spread around all of Ireland.
  We'll start with "Passage Tombs" like Newgrange and Knowth. These are round
tombs with an identifiable passage that leads from an entrance to a burial chamber.
They often have amazing solar alignments.... The passage at Newgrange lights up
during the Winter Solstice.
  Some call these "passage cairns", pointing out that they were burial chambers only
for very influential people.... That instead of a grave, the chamber may be likened
instead to a womb, and that they may have been linked to an earth goddess and
fertility.
  Interpretations aside, "Passage Tombs" are round mounds with passages and
chambers.
  Other types of tombs are "portal tombs" which are constructed of three or more
massive standing stones and covered with earth. "Dolmens" are the uncovered
remains of "portal tombs". One haunting "dolmen" stands out on the Burren. There
are "court tombs" which are half-circles with a square in front, and "wedge tombs"
which look like pie shaped versions of "court tombs".
  Moving on to other ancient Irish monuments, you have just simple old "cairns"
which are basically mounds of stones which may or may not contain a tomb.
  Then you have Ring Forts. That sounds fairly simple doesn't it? A fort shaped in a
ring? Not so fast.
  You've got "Cashels" which are ring forts built mainly of stone. "Crannogs" are ring
forts built on small islands near a seashore and linked by a causeway. "Raths" are ring
forts of ditch and earth-wall construction which was topped with a wooden pickets.
  Hill forts are ring forts on hilltops. And Promontory Forts are self-explanatory....
Sometimes with one side consisting of a sheer cliff.
  And then you get into "stones".... You'll find "Standing Stones" of course. We've
talked about those before. They may stand unaccompanied or as part of a "henge
monument." "La Tene Stones" are fixed stones with Celtic carvings. And
"Ongham-Stones" bear inscriptions in a special language that was used in ancient
times.
  Among the more controversial "constructions" are "Ley-Lines". These are supposed
alignments; straight lines connecting important locations or some say "power points."
Let's just say that there may be a lot of speculation here, which leads us to....
  Faires of course. Because it's Ireland, you also will find references to Fianna and
Fairy Hills. The scientific explanation is that after hundreds or thousands of years
some monuments like passage tombs created legends around them that they might be
passages to the "other world".
  Can't tell your ancient Irish mounments without a scorcard... and there you have it....
crannogs, raths, fairy hills and all! Next you'll be seeing leprechauns!

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