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SKID STEER LOADER

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SKID STEER LOADER Powered By Docstoc
					                             SAPOT
             SA. PLANT OPERATOR TRAINING CONSULTANTS PTY LTD
                                            ACN 008 165 062
17 Lindsay Road LONSDALE SA 5160                                                    Telephone 08 8387 7779
PO Box 540, BRIGHTON SA 5048                                                              Fax 08 8387 8887




            LOAD SHIFTING EQUIPMENT



                      SKID STEER LOADER

                                   ASSESSMENT

                      PART 1                           PERFORMANCE
                      PART 2                          ORAL / WRITTEN


                                            May 1994




           Plant Operator Training and Assessments on Earthmoving Equipment and Forklifts,

          Driver Training and Assessments on Cars, Trucks, Semi Trailers and 4 Wheel Drives;
CONDUCT ROUTINE CHECKS:                          Identifies hazards -
                                                  •   power lines
Performance Criteria 1.1.1 and
                                                    •   phone lines
1. Conducts routine checks on
   vehicle/equipment:                               •   service drains
   •   Tyre condition and inflation
                                                    •   obstructions
   Checks liquid levels -
   •  fuel                                       Access and path of movement is
                                                 indicated -
   •    hydraulic oil                               •   to work area

   •    engine oil                                  •   for loads
   •    battery                                  Appropriate equipment for the task -
                                                 •   equipment is appropriate for
   •    coolant                                         the task
   Checks structure for defects -
   •    damaged or broken parts               Performance Criteria 1.3.1.
   •    loose nuts, bolts and                 3. Conducts pre-operational and post
        couplings                                start-
                                                 up checks in accordance with
                                                 manufacturer's specifications/
   Checks attachments for defects -              manual.
   •  damage
                                                •       mounts correctly
   •    bucket for missing, worn or
        loose teeth                             •       adjusts seat
   •    hoses, fittings, hydraulic              •       in neutral
        rams for oil leaks
                                                •       warning device
   •    connections for missing pins
        or keepers                              •       engine start

   •    grease holes and grease pins            •       gauges
   •    checks attachments for                  •       warm up allowed
        security
                                                •       attachment movement
PLAN WORK AND CHECK                             •       clear for travel                 •
EQUIPMENT:
                                                •       foot brake
Performance Criteria 1.2.1, 1.2.3
and
1.2.5                                           •       holding brake

2. Inspects site and plans work:                •       steering



  Front-end Loader/Skid Steer-         May                                           4
  Performance                          1994
SHIFT LOAD:                                     6. Spread soil and level surface:
                                                   · spreads soil with bucket blade
Performance criteria 2.1.1 and 2.1.3
                                                   • levels surface with bucket
4. Drives to the work area:                           blade
   • raises attachmen1s smoothly
                                                   • leaves soil for natural
   • secures backhoe bucket (where                   compaction
     applicable)
                                                   • maintains level surface to
   • ensures travel direction clear      •           work from
   • selects appropriate route                  7. Picks up and moves material in
                                                   the
                                                   bucket:
   • travels at safe speed               •         • picks up material
                                                   • carries material in bucket
Performance Criteria 2.1.2
                                                Performance criteria 2.1.1, 2.1.4, 2.1.5
5. Backfills trench and. loads truck:
                                                and 2.1.6
   • bucket at correct level and angle
   • uses sufficient revs and speed             General performance for sections 2, 3, 4,
                                                5, 6 and 7
   • avoids excessive wheel spin
                                                   • bucket suitable for the work
   • crowds bucket to fill
                                                   · machine suitable for ground
   • ensures direction of travel clear               conditions

   · travels with bucket low                       • competently shifts material
   • acceptable and safe speed                     • equipment operated at a safe
                                                     speed
   • minimises spillage and ground
     damage                                        • instructions and signals are
                                                     correctly interpreted and
   • uses appropriate path of travel                 complied with.
   • approaches trench or truck                    • loads placed to ensure stability
     correctly
                                                   • loads placed to avoid causing
  • smoothly raises and dumps load       •           hazard
  • repositions bucket ready for
    reload
  • maintains stockpile and working
     surface



  Front-end Loader/Skid Steer-           May                                            5
  Performance                            1994
SHUT DOWN EQUIPMENT AND
SECURE SITE:

Performance criteria 3.1.1, 3.1.2,
3.1.3 and 3.2.1

8. Shuts down equipment and secures
site:
   Parks equipment -
      machine parked in suitable area


      attachments lowered to ground


      cutting edge of bucket on ground


  Shuts down equipment -
  •   neutralises controls

  •   applies holding brake

  •   idles to stop, locks ignition

      moves controls to release pressure


  Post operational check -
  •   minor service

      checks and reports any damage


  Avoids hazards -
     parks away from danger areas


  •   removes keys




 Front--end Loader/Skid Steer-            May    6
 Performance                              1994
National Guidelines for OHS Competency Standards




               Loadshifting Equipment



      Front-end Loader of a Skid Steer Type



           Oral/Written Assessment




                     May 1994
CONDUCT ROUTINE CHECKS:                        PLAN WORK:

Performance criteria 1.1.1                     Performance criteria 1.2.1

                                               8.     In built-up areas what checks
1. What precautions must be taken                     should be made under the
   when an inspection or work has to                  ground before excavation
   be performed under a raised bucket                 commences? Check for power,
   or attachment?                                     telephone, gas and water
   Provision provided to prevent the                  services etc.
   bucket or attachment from         •
   descending.                                 9.    To establish the location of
                                                     existing underground services
2. Name three defects that you would                 what would you refer to?
   look for when conducting a routine                Supply authority or council maps.
   check on the hydraulic system of
   the front-end loader of the skid
   steer type. Hydraulic oil leaks,            Performance criteria 1.2.2
   loose connections and hoses for
   splits, fractures or bulges.
                                               10.   What shall be provided to prevent
3. Should loadshifting equipment be
                                                     persons falling into an
    refuelled while the engine is
                                                     excavation? Barricades or guard
    running? Explain your answer.
                                                     rails .•
    No. The fuel could be ignited by the
   running engine.
                                               11.   When should an operator wear
4. Why should you not completely fill                ear protection?
   the hydraulic storage tank?                       When the noise could contribute
    To allow for expansion and                       to a loss of hearing.
                                               12
   displacement in the system.                 .    What is the danger of loading
5. What problem could be indicated                  a truck across a sloping
   by bubbles or milky engine oil in                surface?                      •
   the sump?                                        The machine could overturn.
                                               Performance criteria 1.2.3
   Water leaking into the sump.

6. When changing a battery which               13.   Which is the safest route of
   battery clamp should be removed                   travel, diagonally across or
   first?                                            directly down the sloping
   The earth battery clamp.                          surface?
                                                     Directly down the sloping surface.
Performance criteria 1.1.2
                                               14    For stability which direction
7     What would you look for to ensure        .     and how should a rubber tyred
.     that the bucket of the front-end               skid steer loader be driven up
      loader of the skid steer type is               a steep ramp onto a truck?
      securely attached to the                       Slowly with the rear of the
      machine? Ensure that all moving
                                                     machine facing up the ramp and
      joints are not worn and that safety
      pins or clips are not damaged or               bucket low.
      lost.



Front-end Loader/Skid Steer-            May                                       10
Oral Written                            1994
Performance criteria 1.2.4                   20.   When should tests, checks and
                                                   inspections be made by the
 15.    What would you be required to              operator on the loadshifting
        obtain from the Relevant                   equipment that is to be operated?
        Authority to operate a machine in          Daily before use.
        a hazardous working area?
       The required permits.
                                             Performance criteria 1.3.2
16.     What must be obtained to
        drive unregistered rubber            21    What action would you take
        tyred loadshifting equipment         .     with damage and defects
        along a public road?                       found on the machine?
       An unregistered vehicle permit or           Report the damage or defects to
       other document required in                  an authorised person and ensure
       jurisdiction as applicable.                 safety is not jeopardised .•


Performance criteria 1.2.5                   SHIFT LOAD:

17     Why would you select a loader of      Performance criteria 2.1.1
.      a skid steer type instead of a
       conventional front-end loader to      22    Is it permissible to hoist
       work in a small confined space?       .     persons with the bucket of
       Because of the maneuverability of           loadshifting equipment? No.
       the machine.

       Name three operations which a                                              •
18
       clam type bucket (4 in 1 bucket)
.                                            Performance criteria 2.1.2
       is designed to perform.
       Scooping up a load, carrying a
       load, picking up an object,           23.   What is the approximate weight
                                                   of a cubic meter of wet sand?
       leveling a surface etc
                                                   1.5 tones.

                                             24    Of topsoil or clay, which is
CHECK CONTROLS AND                           .     more cohesive and harder, to
EQUIPMENT:                                         excavate, push and spread?
                                                   Clay.
Performance criteria 1.3.1

19     On the post start-up check you        Performance criteria 2.1.3
.      notice a bulge form in a hydraulic
       hose. What action would you
       take?                                 25.   Why should the seat belt be
       Switch off the machine and have             worn or the pull down bars be
       the hose replaced.                          in place before operating the
                                                   machine?
                                                   So that the operator cannot be
                                                   bounced out of the machine
                                                   while Operating.




Front-end Loader/Skid Steer-          May                                        11
Oral Written                          1994
Performance criteria 2.1.5                            Performance criteria 3.1.3

 26.     Applicant to state the meaning               31.    What post-operational checks
         of the hand signal for "Stop"                       should be carried out by the
         demonstrated by the assessor.                       operator on the loadshifting
         Stop .•                                             equipment to prepare it ready to
                                                             be reoperated?
                                                             Check the structure and
Performance criteria 2.1.7                                  equipment for defects and wear
                                                            and the oil,
27.    If a hydraulic hose sprung a leak                    Fuel and water levels.
when a loaded bucket was raised what
action would you take? Lower the                      SECURE SITE:
loaded bucket to the ground and
have repairs carried out.                             Performance criteria 3.2.1

28.    If the machine contacted a live                32     What shall be provided when a
       power line which could not be                  front-end loader of the skid steer type
       released or the power turned                   has to be parked on or protrudes onto
       off, how would you dismount the                an access way? Barricades lights and
       machine?                                       signs.
Jump clear ensuring not to be in contact
with the machine and ground at the same               33    For what reason should the keys
time.                                                 be removed from the ignition of the
                                                      machine?
                                                            To prevent unauthorised
                                                            movement of the machine.
SHUT DOWN EQUIPMENT:
                                                      34.   Before leaving the site what must
Performance criteria 3.1.1                                  be provided to restrict access to
                                                            the
29.     Name at least three (3) areas                       site?
        where you would not park a front-                   Barricades or fences.
        end loader of the skid steer type.
        Access ways, near overhangs,
        refueling sites, tidal or flood
        areas, adjacent to an excavation.

30    Before leaving the controls of the
machine what should be done with all
hydraulically raised attachments?
Attachments lowered and pressure
removed from hydraulic lines




Front-end Loader/Skid Steer-Oral/Written   May 1994                                       12
 Assessment summary ~

   Unit      Form of                                                   Total    Number of         Number of             Were all             Assessment
             assessment                                          number of      boxes given          boxes           critical boxes            standard
                                                                boxes in the        or NA         required to         given     or           requirements
                                                                assessment                           meet                 NA?                 achieved .•
                                                                                                   standard

             Performance                                                33                           29              Yes               No    Yes      No

    1        Know1edge                                                  13                            8              Yes               No    Yes      No

                                       Assessment completed within time allowed                                                              Yes      No        NA   I
             Performance                                                31                           28              Yes               No    Yes      No

    2        Knowledge                                                  5                            3               Yes               No    Yes      No

                                       Assessment completed within time allowed                                                              Yes      No        NA   I
             Performance                                                11                           9               Yes               No    Yes       No

    3        Knowledge                                                  3                            2               Yes               No    Yes      No
                                       Assessment completed within time allowed                                                              Yes      No        NA I
                                                                                                                                                                     ,

* Performance standard                                        Number of items required to meet standard (including all critical boxes) Number
    Knowledge standard                                        of questions required to meet standard (including all critical boxes)



Summary
Candidate is:                                                            COMPETENT                         Date:        I   ••••••••••••••



(circle the result obtained)
                                               •                        NOT YET COMPETENT


Name of                                                                                       Name of
assessor           •   •   •   c   •   "   ,       ••• •• •• •• •• •                          candidate         ............ ..."




Signature              .... ...... .. .... ..                                                 Signature         ...................

Comments/feedback
(assessors to make any additiona1 comments which clarify the assessment)




Front-end Loader/Skid Steer-Oral Written                                             May 1994                                                               1
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