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									Distributed Integrated Security
and Emergency Response
Content Management
Framework with Homeland
Security - a concept
David Eng
Technology Innovation Office
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Washington, D.C. 20460
Eng.david@epa.gov, 703-603-8827
                                       1
Presentation Summary
1.   EPA Homeland Security Strategic Plan
2.   EPA’s Roles
3.   EPA Communication and Information Goals
4.   EPA's Information Needs and Decision Demands
5.   Conceptual Solution
6.   Information Components of ICS
7.   DISER Framework Requirements
8.   Demonstration Content Management+Web
     Services+XML with Challenges-

Next Steps…


                                                    2
Goals for Homeland Security
Strategic Plan
The Environmental Protection Agency’s strategic
  plan for homeland security is divided into four
  basic goal categories:

   1. Critical infrastructure protection;
   2. Preparedness, response, and recovery;
   3. Communication and information; and
   4. Protection of EPA personnel and
    infrastructure.

                                                    3
EPA Roles
   EPA is one of the chief guardians of public health and the
    environment.
   EPA coordinates with Federal, States and Local authorities and
    responders.
   EPA provided technical expertise and oversight in detection,
    decontamination and remediation, and ensure that the clean-up was
    fully protective.
   EPA, i.e.,Technology and Innovation Office, led efforts in collecting
    and disseminate information to appropriate entities on technologies
    that detect and decontaminate Chemical and biological agents.
     And
   EPA is pursuing better technologies, development of additional
    procedures to handle bio-terrorism, laboratory methods and
    surrogates, decontamination and disposal of threat agents, and
    improved communication and information integration mechanisms.


                                                                        4
Communication & Information
in Support of Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Goals
    Reliable environmental information from internal and external sources are
    paramount to ensure informed decision making an appropriate response, such
    as consequence management, risk and exposure assessment management. In
    general, the Agency will:

   Prepare to respond to and recover from a major terrorist incident. Maintain
    trained personnel and effective communication, ensure practiced coordination
    and decision-making and provide the best tools and technologies to address
    threats.

   Communicate to Federal, State and local agencies in an integrated framework
    in a timely manner.

   Support and develop the preparedness of state, local, and tribal governments
    and private industry to respond to, recover from, and continue operations after
    a terrorist at attack.

   Advanced the state of knowledge in the areas of relevant to homeland security
    to provide responders and decision making with tools & the scientific and
    technical understanding the need to manage existing or potential threats to
    homeland security or responding to an incident.

                                                                                    5
Needs
   Clear protocols are needed to establish standard
    operating procedures and format in response.
   Appropriate reporting alternative to satisfy both the
    need to access the information and instill the
    preservation of sensitive information.
   Technical, tactical, referenced and administrative
    information is critical to insure proper decision
    making and the understanding of the situation.

    We can augment these devices with technology
    through the centralized communication process, so
    that system users can access as many and various
    information sources from different and disparate
    formats, system platform (operating system).

                                                            6
Needs (continued)
   However, these information sources are
    distributed and dispersed between different
    format and sources, such as:
     Web pages hosted from different referenced web
      sites (public or secured);
     PDF; Word; WordPerfect; files/documents;
     PowerPoint presentations;
     MS Excel/Lotus spreadsheet;
     Oracle/Access/SQL Server/FileMaker/flat file data
      stores or databases;
     GIS; and
     Mark-up multimedia.


                                                          7
Decision Demands
   The decision made demands on many data/content
    between the emergency responders and maybe
    integrated with an over whelming amount of local
    communication and information needs.
       Special Internet lines with Internet access, Internet phone via IP
        and wireless remote, through multiple backups and alternatives
        (devices and network) for disaster and network line
        communication overload should be prearranged and coordinated
        with the local law enforcement, fire, emergency management
        agencies.
       Network line communication must be enabled to secure with
        critical transmission of timely and adequate information to the
        EMS units, first responders and medical facility during an
        incident.
       Decisions need to be quickly made and integrated into a
        command emergency response operating system through the
        reliance of multiple and disparaging authoritative information
        source.
                                                                       8
A Conceptual Solution
   A conceptual solution is the Distributed and Integrated Security
    Emergency Response, DISER, (oriented) framework with the
    Command Emergency Response Operation System CEROS:

   The DISER framework gathers from various information
    sources with probability/confident level information from the
    individual customized search queries and hits. From the
    individualized or customized template queries, information
    from various sources are rendered in a user customized
    template portal page viewed through a browser at any time or
    place.

   CEROS is an information portal for emergency responsers to
    assist in rapid decision making on consequence and risk
    assessment management in combating, responding and
    remediating weapons of mass destruction incident site.



                                                                    9
Information Components of ICS
   Incident Management System with Incident Command System
    (ICS). This in itself may have systems supporting the
    subsystem for1) ICS Coordinated and Integrated Local, State,
    and Federal Response Teams, 2)Special Strike Team, 3) Public
    Risk Communication, and 4) Emergency Notification and
    Announcement

   Selected Appropriate Decontamination Technology and Site
    Remediation System
       Decontamination Equipment Catalog
       Efficacy Testing and Equipment Verification
       Equipment, Devices, Response Asset Inventory Systems and Catalog System
       Available Assets Management System
       Standardized Equipment Capability List
       Available Personnel Response Management Systems
       Personal Protective Equipment for Decontamination and Triage (limitations and
        staff rotation)

                                                                                        10
Info Components of ICS continued
   Contaminated Victim Triage and Transportation Management
    System
       Diagnosis:
       Triage Category, and triage criteria (respiratory status, perfusion and pulse, neurological
        status)
       Decontamination Priority,
       Evacuation Priority, and
       Treatment
       Psychological Casualties
       Biological Agents Delayed Effects
       Medical Treatment Assistance System
       Hospital Transportation
       Special Threat Effects Identifier to Health Care Providers (i.e.,Secondary Contamination)
   Crime Scene, Chain of Custody, and Evidence Handling Process
    and System and
   Coordination System for Local and State’s fire, EMS, HAZMAT,
    hospital, emergency management and operations centers, and
    federal hygiene and health services, CDC, FBI, FEMA, DOE National
    Guard, DOD, and home security.

                                                                                                      11
DISER Framework Requirements
 Categories      Classes of System                            Example Apps/Systems
 Operating       Windows 2000/NT/98/XP                             Window 2000 server
 System          Linux                                         Any Client w/ IE Browser
                 PC/Mac                                              Internet IP address

 Technology      XML, Web services, Open system                XML, XSLT/XSL, XMI,
 and Protocols                                                   ODBC HTTP, SOAP

 Enterprise      Web content management system                                NXT3
 system          PKI secured system                                             PKI
                 Object-oriented databases or relational        ORACLE, MS ACCESS
                 databases                                         MS Frontpage 2002

 Application     Threat agent fate transport modeling, data   QEM, WinCADRE, Forms
                 validation, Sampling, Site databases and      II lite, CERCLIS, ERDB,
                 GIS                                                        EnviroFacts



                                                                                           12
Technology Demonstration

1.   Content Management+
2.   Web Services+
3.   XML ……

with its Challenges


                           13
Chemical and Biological Emergency
First Responder Equipment Database
          CD-ROM Interface: Main Menu




                                        14
Chemical and Biological Emergency
First Responder Equipment Database
           CD-ROM Interface: Search




                                      15
Chemical and Biological Emergency
First Responder Equipment Database
            CD-ROM Files in NXT 3




                                     16
Chemical and Biological Emergency
First Responder Equipment Database
       CD-ROM Database in NXT 3 Secure Web Site




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