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Patterson 1836

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									    Classic Arms
                         COLT PATERSON 1836
                         COLT PATERSON 1836




                   rom the woodcarving created in 1830-31, Sam Colt invented
                              repeating firearms.
                              Further, Colt forever altered history in 1836 when
                             using his patented revolving cylinder design, he
successfully produced the world's first commercial repeating firearms. He also
forever established Colt as America's First Name In Firearms.
To try to summarize the contributions Sam Colt and his resulting companies
have made to the firearms industry, would be useless. Literally volumes have
been required to record it all.
Percussion black powder classics such as the Walker and Dragoon Models,
1860 Army and 1861 Navy. The most famous revolver ever, the1873 Single
Action Army (or Peacemaker) which signalled Colt's move into the
metallic-cartridge era. The Model 1911 Automatic Pistol that still
define the standard for modern day.45 semiautomatic pistols. The
Python, often referred to as the Rolls Royce of double action revolvers.
The AR-15 and M16 class of rifles and carbines that define the standard
for military small-arms weapons in over 40 countries around the world.
Suffice it to say that no other name has contributed more to the
legendary history, or the future ingenuity of American firearms than
Colt. And that's what makes Colt the most revered and collectible
name in the history of firearms to this very day, and for the future.
                                                                    By Kerry Barlow
                                              This article was published in Western Territories magazine.
Born in 1814, Samuel Colt was to have a major impact upon gun manufacture. The guns subsequently produced by his Colt Company were to have
a significant impact upon the United States, as well as the rest of the world. In the course of only a few short years, his guns would go on to be the
most widely used handguns of the civil war with both U.S. and Confederate troops. Sam Colts first handgun the Paterson Colt was a major
advancement in the development of handguns.
Prior to 1836, handguns were generally of a single shot variety, being called pistols. Loading and firing of these single shot handguns was
problematic at best. A single shot weapon was too time consuming to reload. In Texas and parts of the United States, as the troops were continually
thrown into combat, attempting to reload a single shot weapon during battle was too much of a disadvantage for a soldier.
Colts design of a revolving cylinder was not entirely a brand new concept, as many as 200 years previously, rotating cylinders had been tried in
matchlock pistols, however with indifferent success. Other revolving cylinder designs were more recent; including a 4 barreled revolving flintlock
pistol, and a Collier revolving system. At the time of Colts patent for the Paterson revolver, American gunsmith Edwin Wesson (of Smith and Wesson
fame) was developing a similar pistol. Colt won the British and American patents to the weapon in 1835 and 1836, and today is acknowledged as
the inventor of the modern revolver type pistol.
Samuel Colt went to sea at the age of 16 and during his first voyage he made a wooden model of a revolver. When he returned to the United States
he secured patents for his single barrel revolving pistol design, the Paterson Colt.
Colt formed a company to design and build the pistol called the Patent Arms Manufacturing Company of Paterson New Jersey. The handgun was
forever to carry the name of the actual location where it was manufactured in Paterson. Samuel Colt was sort of an early Henry Ford in that he
believed in making guns with many interchangeable parts and building them in an assembly line process. This more then any other may be the
reason for the huge success of the Colt weapons.
The Paterson Colt was a 5 shot revolver with a dropout trigger. This meant that when not in use the actual trigger of the gun was not visible, and
there was no trigger guard around the trigger itself. This gave the revolver a very unique look to it. The main innovation of course was the rotating
cylinder that could hold 5 shots, either bullet or ball. One shot would be loaded into each cylinder, and the act of pulling the hammer back on the gun
would rotate the cylinder, aligning the cylinder with the single barrel of the gun. At this point the trigger would drop out of the frame of the gun
allowing the shooter to fire the weapon. The Paterson was sold in 2 & ½" to 12" barrel lengths the longest 12" was called a Buntline. The majority of
the weapons had a 7 and ½" or 9" barrel. Bore diameter or caliber came in many wide varieties, including .28, .31, .34, and .36 caliber. The larger
caliber generally would have had the longer barrels as well. A different but very important difference in Paterson models was the method of loading
the weapon. Many Patersons did not have the soon to be modern design of an attached loading lever. Without an attached loading lever a shooter
would be required to load powder and ball, and then use a ramrod to push the ball firmly onto the powder. This had many disadvantages, not the
least of which, it required a lot of strength to force a ball into its chamber, losing the ramrod would be even worse. Other models of the Paterson had
an attached loading lever. This lever was used to force the ball into its chamber, being always attached to the gun; the lever greatly improved the
Patersons functionality. The vast majority of all modern revolvers would have this attached loading rod.
The Paterson had a marked influence on the early west, and was a sought after handgun. Examples of the Patersons success abound, the Paterson
alone being responsible for saving wagon trains from attack, as reported by the famous Kit Carson, or 12 soldiers pinned down by over 60 Indians
and living to tell about it by Col. Jack Hayes. One surviving Indian encountering the Paterson revolver was quoted as saying the following "Him no
good" this simple comment holds a lot of truth in its statement, compared to a single shot handgun the Paterson "was" no good for the enemy. The
Patersons greatest success and Colts claim to early fame was garnered from the Republic of Texas. The Texas Rangers used the Paterson Colt with
huge success, earning the weapon a new name the "Texas Paterson"
It is interesting to note that Colts original company "Patent Arms Manufacturing Company" was an actual failure, more Patersons were built then
were sold by the company. Nobody may know why the original company failed, possibly the Patersons high price for the day of $40-50 was the
reason, possibly the gun itself was to innovative for its time, certainly it was a radical departure from the concept of single shot handguns. Possibly
there was just not much need for a 5 shot revolver at the time of its sale, remember this was before the civil war, and the Country was relatively at
peace. Despite all this, Colt later went on to open the Colt Company and produced his next model revolver the Walker Colt.
The Walker was designed by Captain S.H. Walker a Texas Ranger who had used the Paterson and had ideas for its improvement. The Walker
retained many of the Patersons original ideas, the attached loading lever, and of course the revolving cylinder (now in 6 shots, and .44 caliber). Colt
went on to design many thousands of handguns to be used in the Civil war by both sides in a logical progression, the Walker Colt, 1st, 2nd, 3rd model
                                                                                                                                                          Making of Paterson
Dragoons, the 1851 navy models and many other designs for police and pocket protection. All of these designs were built upon the original Paterson
                                                                                                                                                          as at 27.3.2003
Colt, designed by a young man on his first voyage at sea.
Classic Arms
               COLT PATERSON 1836 IN THE MAKING
               COLT PATERSON 1836 IN THE MAKING

 Working mechanism of the Colt Paterson some slight alterations have
 had to be made from the original Colt for it to work in wood, like the
 leaf spring in the original has been replaced by a small stainless steel
 wire bar.

 At this stage 20.3.2003 the main parts (excluding accessories) are
 in there rough form.
As at 2.4.2003 showing working mechanism of the hammer, chamber and fold away trigger.
Delivered on 31.5.2003 ... Mr Talbot obviously has put in considerably more consistent time than normal. A beautifully presented piece!
This is the first cased Paterson with accessories produced by Mr Talbot and he said “his last”. There is as much work in the accessories as
there is in the pistol itself. A true work of art.....
The powder flask is fully working with the unique facility of having bullets, “balls” in the end of the powder flask that can be loaded into
the chambers with a double twist to simulate loading. Specially made brass caps, have been designed for the wooden cap holder
so it can be used to load the nipples just like an original......A TRULY REMARKABLE PIECE OF WOODCRAFT
Right and left hand side of the pistol are shown above.

The fold away trigger works and ofcourse the barrel is rifled.

There is a loaded cylinder that has the five brass caps fitted to the nipples and five bullets
loaded in the chamber. The powder flask comes with bullets in one half and the five spout powder
holder as the second half, the two parts of the powder flask lock together with a bayonet connection.
The objects that make up the Paterson 1836 ..9 inch barrel cased collection:
• powder flask - consisting of two sections & 15 bullets
• loaded chamber - consisting of chamber, 5 caps & 5 bullets
• cap loader with 7 caps
• bullet mould
• ram leaver
• cleaning rod
All numbered 1836L “L” indicates it is part of the Lewitzka collection


This commission is as important to myself as it is to Mr Talbot and will be a very valuable
historical collection when complete. This Paterson is a highlight of the collection.

								
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