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CAE Finals - CAE TEST ONE

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					CAE TEST ONE
 PAPER 1 READING 1 hour 15 minutes
 Part 1
 You	are	going	to	read	three	extracts	which	are	all	concerned	in	some	way	with	communication.		 	
 For questions 1–6, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits best according to the text.



     THE SUNDAY STAR YOUNG WRITERS COMPETITION

     T     his year sees the 7th anniversary of the Young
           Writers Competition. The general theme for
     this event is ‘ISSUES FOR THE 21ST CENTURY’,
                                                            authoritative Internet sites. We require an academic
                                                            style, with an objective approach to the topic.

                                                            This is a nationwide competition but to be eligible
     which allows entrants to choose from a broad
                                                            for entry, writers must either be permanent
     range of contemporary subjects; anything from
                                                            residents of New Zealand or international students
     global warming to globalization. Whatever topic
                                                            enrolled here on a course of minimum 12 months’
     is selected, however, it must relate specifically
                                                            duration. There is an entry fee of $5 for each
     to the impact it has on the young generation,
                                                            article submitted and writers may submit multiple
     and while we do not expect our writers to have
                                                            entries. The deadline for submission is July 15th,
     first-hand knowledge of the issues they select,
                                                            and articles must be between 3000 and 5000 words
     we would expect them to demonstrate sound
                                                            in length. Please include a stamped addressed
     research skills by accessing and acknowledging
                                                            envelope for notification of results. Please note
     a variety of sources for their information. These
                                                            that no entries will be returned. The winners are
     could include interviews that were conducted by
                                                            expected to attend the official awards ceremony at
     the writer, reputable journals and magazines, and
                                                            the end of August.



 1   The articles which are submitted must
     A be based on the writer’s own personal experience.
     B    be presented in a factual rather than opinionated way.
     C have an emphasis on either a business or environmental theme.
     D focus on issues that only concern young people.

 2   What are we told about the conditions of competition entry?
     A It is a requirement that winners accept prizes in person.
     B    There is a restriction on the number of articles participants can send in.
     C Only the winners should expect to be informed of the results.
     D It is necessary for participants to be taking a programme of study.


 Extract from a newspaper
     Language isn’t just meaning. Conversely, not all non-verbal communications are bodily; some come from
     the mouth, too. An interesting piece of academic research from Scotland has focused on those much-
     despised elements of speech, ‘ums’ and ‘ers’. Technically known as ‘fillers’, they are strongly criticized
     by all teachers of public discourse as promoting an image of uncertainty and vagueness. The research,
     however, suggests that these fillers might serve a purpose, as sirens on the ambulances of significance.
         8        Paper 1     Part 1                                                                                CAE TEST 1


             The researchers invited volunteers to listen to a series of spoken sentences. Some sentences were interrupted
             by non-verbal fillers such as ‘er’ and ‘um’; others were spoken without hesitation. The results were
             interesting. The inarticulate speaker registered much more powerfully in the minds of the listeners. An hour
             after listening, the volunteers got 62 per cent of the words correct in the stumbled-over sentence, compared
             to 55 per cent of those in the strictly enunciated and articulate performance. It seems as if the listener,
             therefore, alerted by stumbling to a speaker’s struggling with a difficult concept, automatically pays more
             attention. They might want to help out; they might simply be alerted to complexities. Either way, it does
             seem as if the connection, between inarticulacy and profundity, is to some degree hardwired in our brains.


         3   The writer compares fillers to ‘sirens’ in order to
             A suggest that they can interfere with clear communication.
             B   show how they alert people to important information.
             C compare them to an irritating background noise.
             D emphasize the sense of urgency they convey.

         4   What is the writer’s main point in the second paragraph?
             A Most people have a tendency to use fillers in speech.
             B   Frequent pauses in speech make it difficult for listeners to recall ideas.
             C It is impossible to express complex ideas without some rephrasing.
             D People instinctively listen more carefully when others hesitate.

                                  THE LANGUAGES OF EXTINCTION
         For the Nivkh people of eastern Siberia, counting is       book When Languages Die. ‘And it’s happening faster
         not a simple matter of ‘one, two, three’. Depending on     than the extinction of flora and fauna.’ However, when
         whether they are talking about skis, boats or batches      dolphin or eagle species become extinct, it’s an event
         of dried fish, there are different ways of counting.       that the public are made well aware of, and which
         Twenty-six different ways in fact. Small wonder,           tends to evoke sentimentality and mourning.
         then, that 90 per cent of Nivkhs prefer the option of
                                                                    Globalization and migration are the main culprits.
         communicating in Russian. While this no doubt makes
                                                                    Economic pressures lead to the disappearance of rural
         interaction simpler, what it doesn’t do is to save Nivkh
                                                                    communities as people move to the cities, where first
line 9   from the list of endangered languages. And it is not
                                                                    and local languages are coming under threat from
         alone. Linguists believe half the languages in the world
                                                                    the lingua franca of the workplace. Today’s children
         will be extinct by the end of the century. The 80 major
                                                                    are also unwittingly affecting the potential survival
         languages are spoken by about 80 per cent of the global
                                                                    of a language, such as a child growing up speaking
         population, while the 3500 least spoken languages
                                                                    Mayan and Spanish soon figuring out that Spanish is
         have just 0.2 per cent of the world keeping them
                                                                    better because it’s spoken in school and on television,
         alive. ‘The pace of language extinction we’re seeing is
         unprecedented,’ said Dr David Harrison, author of the      meaning that the Mayan language is likely to die out.

         5   What does the word ‘it’ in line 9 refer to?            6   The writer refers to dolphins and eagles to
                                                                        make the point that
             A the multiple ways of counting
                                                                        A the death of a language tends to go
             B   a direct manner of communication
                                                                          unnoticed.
             C the decision to talk in Russian
                                                                        B   there is little time left to save certain
             D the possibility that the Nivkh language                      languages.
               will disappear
                                                                        C some global issues deserve more attention
                                                                          than others.
                                                                        D it is impossible to avoid extinction in
                                                                          some cases.

         Before you check your answers, go to page 9.
FURTHER PRACTICE AND GUIDANCE                                                      Paper 1    Part 1           9


    WHAT’S TESTED
    The Reading Paper has four parts. The texts come from a variety of sources, for example, newspapers,
    magazines,	brochures,	journals	and	novels,	and	may	deal	with	a	range	of	general	interest	topics.	You	
    will need a high level of vocabulary to understand the texts so it is important that you read English
    language newspapers and magazines as often as possible. A range of reading skills are tested: in Parts
    1 and 3, your ability to understand detail, opinion, tone, purpose, main idea, implication, attitude, and
    to recognize how certain text features show exemplification, comparison and reference. Part 2 tests
    your ability to deal with text structure, cohesion and coherence; in other words, you need to be able
    to recognize how a text fits together. In Part 4, you must be able to locate specific information, detail,
    opinion or attitude.


    Part 1 and Part 3 Multiple choice
    In Part 1, there are three short texts on a similar theme from a variety of sources. Each text has two
    four-option multiple choice questions. In Part 3, there is a single long text and there are seven four-
    option questions. The order of the questions follows the same order as the corresponding information
    in the text. In Part 3, the final question may test your overall understanding of the text, for example,
    you may need to interpret the writer’s purpose for writing the text, or their attitude or opinion towards
    the subject matter.


    TIPS
    •	 Read	the	text	first	to	get	a	general	understanding	of	the	main	points.	(If	you	look	at	the	questions	
       first, you might choose an answer because you think it ‘looks right’ or is ‘the most likely answer’.
       This doesn’t always work!)
    •	 After	reading	the	text,	highlight	the	key	words	in	the	questions	and	the	four	options.	Carefully	read	
       the part of the text where you think the relevant information is contained. Make sure the option
       you choose paraphrases the information in the text exactly.


    A DETAILED STUDY
    The exercise below will help you to make sure you have chosen the correct options for the questions in
    Part 1.


    Extract One
    •	 Match	options	A–D	with	parts	1–4	of	the	text	that	they	probably	correspond	to.
    •	 Write	a	synonym	or	short	explanation	under	each	word	in	bold.
    •	 Look	back	at	the	article	‘Sunday	Star	Young	Writers	Competition’	and	underline	parts	1–4	of	the	
       text and the surrounding language. Then decide which option matches which part of the text
       exactly.

    First paragraph
    A be based on the writer’s own personal experience.                      1   a broad range of
                                                                                 contemporary topics
    B   be presented in a factual rather than opinionated way.               2   an objective approach
    C have an emphasis on either a business or environmental theme.          3   the impact it has on the
                                                                                 young generation
    D focus on issues that only concern young people.                        4   first-hand knowledge of the
                                                                                 issues
10       Paper 1     Part 1                                           FURTHER PRACTICE AND GUIDANCE


Second paragraph
A It is a requirement that winners accept prizes in person.                 1   include a stamped
                                                                                addressed envelope for
                                                                                notification in person of
                                                                                results.
B    There is a restriction on the number of articles participants          2   international students
     can send in.                                                               enrolled here on a course.
C Only the winners should expect to be informed of the results.             3   Writers may submit
                                                                                multiple entries.
D It is necessary for participants to be taking a programme of              4   The winners are expected to
  official study.                                                               attend the awards ceremony.


Extract Two
First paragraph
Sirens can be used as a means of communication (option A), as a way of alerting (B) people and can also
be irritating (C) and sound urgent (D). But which option A–D reflects the idea of significance? (sirens on
the ambulances of significance).

Second paragraph
Match the explanations below to words in the text.
1 line 2 hesitation    2 line 3 inarticulate    3 line 5 articulate    4 line 6 stumbling
5 line 6 concept    7 line 8 profundity
a making mistakes in speaking         b clearly expressed     c wisdom/seriousness/importance
d stopping/pausing in speech         e not able to express clearly what you want to say f idea


Extract Three
First paragraph
‘It’ refers back to ‘this’ in the same sentence. What part of the text in the first paragraph does ‘this’
correspond to?

Second paragraph
In the final sentence, what do ‘to be made aware of’ and ‘sentimentality and mourning’ mean?
What do the phrases above tell you about the public reaction to the extinction of dolphin and eagle
species?
In general, what is the function of the conjunction ‘However’?

Now return to page 7 and use these exercises to help you answer the questions.

Now check your answers to Part 1 of the test.