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Heritage of the Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks

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					Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                 20.0 Index

Heritage of the Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks

CONTENTS
                                                                    PAGE

11.0   Heritage Assessment Reports: Local Heritage Places (SA)      345
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)


OLD MULKA HOMESTEAD RUINS                                                                 LHP:012


LOCATION:

Place Name and Address:              Old Mulka Ruins, Mulka station, off Birdsville Track

Land Description:                    D35807/A104

Certificate of Title:                CL 1323/20


OWNER:                               Doce Pty Ltd
                                     Level 29 91 King William Street
                                     Adelaide 5000


State Heritage Status:               n/a                                    SHR File No.: n/a

Other Assessments:                   n/a


PHOTOGRAPH NOS.:                     Film 2, neg 32




                                   Old Mulka Homestead Ruins




Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki          373
11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)           Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey


OLD MULKA HOMESTEAD RUINS                                                                   LHP:012


DESCRIPTION:
The site consists of the ruins of two stone buildings near a collapsed well and water tank.
Much building stone has been removed and the site has been heavily disturbed.


HISTORY:
There are three places called Mulka: this one, which is the oldest; the later store at the
New Well about 5km to the south (SHP:007); and the modern homestead near the
government bore of 1906, between the two older sites. The property was taken up by
Alexander Scobie in the early 1880s, and this house built. Alexander's three sons
remained in the area for years, as Eric Bonython recorded: 'The three Scobies were all in
a row on the Birdsville Track, Alec at Ooroowilannie, Jim at Mulka and Dave at New Well.'
(Bonython 1985, p. 64) In 1924 the Scobies sold Mulka to the Aistons, who shifted the
Mulka homestead south to the New Well, where they set up a popular roadside store and
eating house. The Old Well site remained in use as an outstation, but was abandoned in
the drought of the late 1920s..


STATEMENT OF HERITAGE VALUE:

The Old Mulka Homestead Ruins are of heritage value as a reminder of the population
and facilities for travellers that were once found in the outback, and the loss of diverse
outback ways of life.


RELEVANT CRITERIA:

(a)    It displays historical themes that are of importance to the local area.
(f)    It is a notable landmark in the area.


TOURISM MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS:

These fragile ruins are on a station track, not a public access road. They are not suitable
for tourism development.


REFERENCES:

Bonython, Eric, Where the Seasons Come and Go, 1985
Litchfield, Lois, Marree and the Tracks Beyond, 1983
Pearce, Howard, Homesteads of the Stony Desert, 1978



374              Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)


OOROOWILLANNIE HOMESTEAD RUINS                                                            LHP:013


LOCATION:

Place Name and Address:              Ooroowillannie Homestead Ruins, Mulka Station,
                                     off Birdsville Track

Land Description:                    D35807/A104

Certificate of Title:                CL 1323/20


OWNER:                               Doce Pty Ltd
                                     Level 29 91 King William Street
                                     Adelaide 5000


State Heritage Status:               n/a                                    SHR File No.: n/a

Other Assessments:                   n/a


PHOTOGRAPH NOS.:                     Film 2, neg 36




                               Ooroowillannie Homestead Ruins




Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki          375
11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)           Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey


OOROOWILLANNIE HOMESTEAD RUINS                                                              LHP:013


DESCRIPTION:

The Ooroowillannie Homestead Ruins now consist of little more than three rubble
mounds, with a station road passing through the site. One of the three buildings appears
to have been built partly of white gypsum, with two mud brick rooms. Stone has been
removed from the site for use elsewhere.


HISTORY:

A clear account of the history of Ooroowillannie is difficult to come by, but it appears to
have been taken up by Alexander Scobie in conjunction with the Mulka run immediately to
the south, probably in the 1880s. Traces of coal had been found in wells and bores in the
Clayton and Mulka districts, and the opening of the Great Northern Railway in 1884
created a market for it, so in 1888 the area around Kuntha Hill was taken up as the
Ooroowillannie Coal Claim. Several trial shafts were put down in the next few years, but
nothing of commercial value was ever found. Alexander's three sons remained in the area
after his death in 1919, as Eric Bonython recorded in the 1920s: 'The three Scobies were
all in a row on the Birdsville Track, Alec at Ooroowilannie, Jim at Mulka and Dave at New
Well.' (Bonython 1985, p. 64) Ooroowillannie remained in the hands of the Scobie family
after Mulka was sold to the Aistons, and in the late 1940s George Farwell visited Alex
Scobie there, 'a famous maker of whips'. (Farwell 1949, p. 80) The homestead was
probably abandoned soon afterward.


STATEMENT OF HERITAGE VALUE:

The Ooroowillannie Homestead ruin is of heritage value as a reminder that the outback
once supported a much larger population than it does now.


RELEVANT CRITERIA:

(a)     The Ooroowillannie Homestead ruins display historical themes that are of
        importance to the local area.


TOURISM MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS:

The Transport SA directional sign to the ruins is mis-spelled Ooranillanie.




376              Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)


OOROOWILLANNIE HOMESTEAD RUINS                                                           LHP:013


Recommendations

1     Interpretive sign with pictures (John Hammond at Mungerannie Hotel is a potential
      source for these).
      Themes:
      Hardship and drought. Even the experienced defeated.
      Stony desert and terrain.
      Government dam. Watering spot for cattle, drovers.

2     Replace the existing incorrect directional sign with one spelled correctly.

Action responsibility

SA Tourism Commission, Transport SA


REFERENCES:

Bonython, Eric, Where the Seasons Come and Go, 1985
Farwell, George, Traveller's Tracks, 1949
Kwitko, George, Coal Exploration Drilling, 1986
Litchfield, Lois, Marree and the Tracks Beyond, 1983
Pastoral Board Lease records
Pearce, Howard, Homesteads of the Stony Desert, 1978




Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki        377
11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)         Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey




378            Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)


MIRRA MITTA BORE                                                                          LHP:014


LOCATION:

Place Name and Address:              Mirra Mitta Bore, Cowarie Station, Birdsville Track

Land Description:                    D38061/A2037

Certificate of Title:                CL 1311/41


OWNER:                               Sharon Oldfield
                                     Cowarie Station
                                     via Marree 5733


State Heritage Status:               n/a                                    SHR File No.: n/a

Other Assessments:                   n/a


PHOTOGRAPH NOS.:                     Film 2, neg 36A




                                           Mirra Mitta Bore



Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki          379
11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)           Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey


MIRRA MITTA BORE                                                                            LHP:014


DESCRIPTION:

The site consists of a flowing bore, with a horizontal pipe from the borehead directing hot
water into a pond about 5m in diameter, from where it flows away along a boredrain.
There is warning sign by the bore outlet, now faded, corroded and illegible.


HISTORY:

The Mirra Mitta bore was sunk as part of the South Australian government's program of
artesian bore-sinking to supply the Birdsville-Marree stockroute. It first flowed in 1903. The
bore is over 1,000m deep, one of the deepest in the north-east. The line of bores defined
the route of the modern Birdsville Track, and later played an important part in the
marketing strategies of Sidney Kidman. The government employed a caretaker at these
isolated bores, and for a time in the 1930s Josiah Dunn tended a flourishing vegetable
garden at Mirra Mitta, watered from the bore.


STATEMENT OF HERITAGE VALUE:

The Mirra Mitta bore is of heritage value as a reminder of the importance of the watering
points along the Birdsville-Marree stockroute, and for its associations with the government
bore-sinking program and stockowners such as Sidney Kidman.


RELEVANT CRITERIA:

(a)     It displays historical themes that are of importance to the local area.
(f)     It is a notable landmark in the area.


TOURISM MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS:

The bore and its small associated wetland are a popular stopping place immediately on
the roadside of the Birdsville Track. The heat of the water issuing from the bore pipe is a
potential safety hazard, especially as the existing warning sign is illegible. In addition to
the heritage values of Mirra Mitta Bore, it is of historical interest that Josiah Dunn coaxed a
thriving vegetable patch here in the 1930s and that these hot bores were tended in the
1950s by a man wearing a special protective rubber suit.




380              Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)


MIRRA MITTA BORE                                                                         LHP:014


Recommendations

An interpretive sign is recommended for the site, to convey the following:
      1     This is hot artesian water – why it’s hot and the need for care.
      2     How the bores were managed - 1930s protective gear.
      3     The veggie patch.

Action responsibility

SA Tourism Commission, Primary Industries and Resources SA, SA Pastoral Board


REFERENCES:

Bonython, Eric, Where the Seasons Come and Go, 1985
Litchfield, Lois, Marree and the Tracks Beyond, 1983
Pastoral Board records




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11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)         Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey




382            Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)


MOUNT GASON BORE                                                                          LHP:015


LOCATION:

Place Name and Address:              Mount Gason Bore, off Birdsville Track, Cowarie Station

Land Description:                    D38061/A2037

Certificate of Title:                CL 1311/41


OWNER:                               Sharon Oldfield
                                     Cowarie Station
                                     via Marree 5733


State Heritage Status: -             n/a                                    SHR File No.: n/a

Other Assessments:                   n/a


PHOTOGRAPH NOS.:                     Film 3, negs 2-8




Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki          383
11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)         Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey

                            Grave near Mount Gason Bore




384            Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)


MOUNT GASON BORE                                                                         LHP:015


DESCRIPTION:

Mount Gason Bore stand on the boundary between Cowarie and Clifton Hills stations. The
government bore consists of a flowing bore, with a pipe from the borehead directing hot
water into a pond, from where it flows away along a boredrain. The homestead ruins
nearby consist of fragmentary remains of a stone house and outbuilding. Near them is the
marble headstone of Joseph Clarke who died in 1919.


HISTORY:

At the junction of Cowarie, Clifton Hills and Kanowana stations, Mount Gason had no
separate identity until 1903 when the Mount Gason bore was sunk as part of the South
Australian government's program of artesian bore-sinking to supply the Birdsville-Marree
stockroute. The line of bores defined the route of the modern Birdsville Track, and later
played an important part in the marketing strategies of Sidney Kidman. Mount Gason
became a stopping place for travellers and for a time in the early twentieth century the
Mount Gason pastoral lease was also watered from the bore, but appears to have been
abandoned in the drought of the 1920s.


STATEMENT OF HERITAGE VALUE:

Mount Gason Homestead Ruins are of heritage value as an example of the role of
government artesian bores in shaping grazing industry in the north-east.


RELEVANT CRITERIA:

(a)      It displays historical themes that are of importance to the local area.


TOURISM MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS:

This site is off the road and of little visual interest, the bore is potentially hazardous, and
tourism development is not recommended.


REFERENCES:

Litchfield, Lois, Marree and the Tracks Beyond, 1983
Pearce, Howard, Homesteads of the Stony Desert, 1978




Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki        385
11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)             Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey


PAGE FAMILY GRAVE                                                                            LHP:016


LOCATION:

Place Name and Address:            Page Family Grave, Clifton Hills, off Birdsville Track

Land Description:                  H30800 Block 1178

Certificate of Title:              CL 1579/90


OWNER:                             Kartoo Pty Ltd
                                   48 Hawkers Road
                                   Medindie 5081


State Heritage Status:             n/a                                    SHR File No.: n/a

Other Assessments:                 n/a


PHOTOGRAPH NOS.:                   Film 3, negs 11-13




                                         Page Family Grave




386               Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)


PAGE FAMILY GRAVE                                                                        LHP:016


DESCRIPTION:

The site consists of a coolibah tree beside Coocherapoonie Waterhole, near which is a
grave ringed with stones and marked with a simple aluminium cross on a steel post,
inscribed: “The Pages Perished Dec 1963”.


HISTORY:

On 21 December 1963 the Page family set out from Marree in a heat wave to drive to
Birdsville, but apparently lost the track. On 28 December their abandoned car was found,
with a note that said they had run out of petrol and were walking south. On New Years
Day 1964 a light aircraft pilot spotted the family lying dead under a small tree by the dry
Coocherapoonie waterhole. The five family members were buried together by the coolibah
tree. The Page family made several fundamental mistakes; setting out in a heavily loaded
car on uncertain roads in hot weather, not carrying enough fuel or water, and not telling
anyone where they were going or when to expect them. Finally, they left their car and set
off to walk in conditions that meant certain death.


STATEMENT OF HERITAGE VALUE:

The Page Family Grave is of heritage value as a memorial to the victims of a local
tragedy, and a reminder that the dangers of outback travel are not to be taken lightly.


RELEVANT CRITERIA:

(a)      It displays historical themes that are of importance to the local area.


TOURISM MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS:

The Page Family Grave is located well off the public access road and pastoral
leaseholders do not wish to encourage visitation to this site. Tourism development is not
recommended.


REFERENCES:

Courier-Mail 1-4 January 1964
Litchfield, Marree and the Tracks Beyond, 1983, p. 144




Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki        387
11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)            Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey


OLD PANDIE PANDIE HOMESTEAD                                                                  LHP:017


LOCATION:

Place Name and Address:            Old Pandie Pandie Homestead, Pandie Pandie Station

Land Description:                  H830800/B1193

Certificate of Title:              CL 1350/18


OWNER:                             George Morton
                                   Pandie Pandie Station
                                   via Marree 5733


State Heritage Status:             n/a                                    SHR File No.: n/a

Other Assessments:                 n/a


PHOTOGRAPH NOS.:                   Film 3, negs 14-19




                           Old Pandie Pandie Homestead Ruins



388               Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)


OLD PANDIE PANDIE HOMESTEAD                                                              LHP:017


DESCRIPTION:

Old Pandie Pandie Homestead ruins stand beside modern Pandie Pandie homestead on
the eastern bank of the Diamantina River. They consist of fragmentary remains of an
earth-walled house, consisting principally of one end wall incorporating the fireplace.
Pearce's photographs from the 1970s show this as a roofed house, its walls largely intact
although in poor condition.


HISTORY:

Pandie Pandie run, in a strategic position on the Diamantina River, was taken up by
Robert Frew in 1876, but later transferred to Thomas Pain and a succession of other
owners, including the Beltana Pastoral Company and Sidney Kidman. It is one of the few
properties in the north-east which has never been abandoned. The original homestead
probably dates from the 1880s. In 1940 the property was leased by Celcus Morton of
Roseberth, and the old house was replaced by a new timber house soon afterward.
Pandie Pandie Station has been in the hands of the Morton family ever since.


STATEMENT OF HERITAGE VALUE:

Old Pandie Pandie Homestead Ruins are of heritage value as an example of a homestead
building associated with early grazing industry in the north-east.


RELEVANT CRITERIA:

(a)      It displays historical themes that are of importance to the local area.
(d)      It displays construction techniques of significance to the local area.


TOURISM MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS:

This is a fragile site in an occupied homestead complex, and tourism development is not
recommended.


REFERENCES:

Litchfield, Lois, Marree and the Tracks Beyond, 1983, p. 146
Pearce, Howard, Homesteads of the Stony Desert, 1978, pp. 74-77
Tolcher, Helen, Drought or Deluge, 1986


Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki        389
11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)            Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey


MIRANDA HOMESTEAD RUINS                                                                      LHP:018


LOCATION:

Place Name and Address:            Miranda Homestead Ruins, Pandie Pandie Station

Land Description:                  H830800/B1139

Certificate of Title:              CL 1350/18


OWNER:                             George Morton
                                   Pandie Pandie Station
                                   via Marree 5733


State Heritage Status: -           n/a                                    SHR File No.: n/a

Other Assessments:                 n/a


PHOTOGRAPH NOS.:                   Film 3, negs 31-36A; film 4, negs 1-4




                                  Miranda Homestead Ruins




390               Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)


MIRANDA HOMESTEAD RUINS                                                                  LHP:018


DESCRIPTION:

Miranda Homestead Ruins stand beside a modern windmill and tank on the Toondooloo
or Thunpulu waterhole on Kuckerapulka Creek, about 50km east of Pandie Pandie
homestead. They consist of a stone store which has been converted to sleeping quarters,
and ruins of stables, a smithy, cattle and horse yards and the mechanism of a horse
works. Some of these elements conform to an early plan of improvements. There is no
sign of the house, which must have been of timber.


HISTORY:

The early history of Miranda run is poorly documented, but leases were taken up in the
area between 1896 and 1910, and an undated plan of improvements shows a homestead
with outbuildings and a garden. There are lease records of a succession of owners from
1930 onward, and for part of the time Miranda was managed jointly with Appamanna or
Minnie Downs to the south. In 1945 the property was leased by Celcus Morton of
Roseberth, and since the 1950s it has been incorporated into the Mortons' Pandie Pandie
station.


STATEMENT OF HERITAGE VALUE:

Miranda Homestead Ruins are of heritage value as an example of the small isolated
homesteads associated with early grazing in the north-east.


RELEVANT CRITERIA:

(a)      It displays historical themes that are of importance to the local area.
(b)      It represents customs or ways of life that are characteristic of the local area.


TOURISM MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS:

This is a remote and fragile site far from public roads, and tourism development is not
recommended.


REFERENCES:

Litchfield, Lois, Marree and the Tracks Beyond, 1983, p. 146
Pastoral Lease Inspectors' Plans


Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki        391
11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)          Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey

Tolcher, Helen, Drought or Deluge, 1986




392             Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)


BULL HOLE BORE AND PUMP RUINS                                                             LHP:019


LOCATION:

Place Name and Address:              Bull Hole Bore, Birdsville-Cordillo Road,
                                     Cordillo Downs Station

Land Description:                    H830800/B851

Certificate of Title:                CL 1601/59


OWNER:                               Brooklands Pastoral Co Pty Ltd
                                     Cordillo Downs
                                     via Leigh Creek 5731


State Heritage Status: -             n/a                                    SHR File No.: n/a

Other Assessments:                   n/a


PHOTOGRAPH NOS.:                     Film 5, negs 24-25




                                     Bull Hole Bore and Pump



Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki          393
11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)          Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey


BULL HOLE BORE AND PUMP RUINS                                                              LHP:019


DESCRIPTION:
The site is near the Bull Hole waterhole and consists of a single cylinder horizontal oil
engine on a concrete base, with a standing bore pipe, remains of a timber hut, a ship's
tank, scattered corrugated iron and some windmill parts nearby. There is no pump, water
tank or trough, all of which would once have been at the site.


HISTORY:
The date of the Bull Hole Bore and Pump is not known, but it is similar to other bores on
the Cordillo Downs lease, and was presumably built about the same time. Its technology
dates from the early twentieth century, and it very likely dates from about 1906, when the
Beltana Pastoral Company was building dams and putting down bores to intensify
stocking on the property.


STATEMENT OF HERITAGE VALUE:

The Bull Hole Bore and Pump is of heritage value as a reminder of past stock watering
technology.


RELEVANT CRITERIA:

(a)    It displays historical themes that are of importance to the local area.
(f)    It is a notable landmark in the area.


TOURISM MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS:

Camping at the nearby Bull Hole Waterhole is fouling the water and the nearby area. An
interpretive sign could point out the importance of underground water in this region and
why bores were put in. Close to the eastern side of the road, near the creek, a sign is
needed to say This is a stock watering point, please don’t camp here.

Action responsibility

SA Tourism Commission, Transport SA


REFERENCES:

Cooper, Beltana Pastoral Company, 1965



394             Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)


PROVIDENCE DAM SHEEP YARDS                                                                LHP:020


LOCATION:

Place Name and Address:              Providence Dam Sheep Yards, Cordillo Downs Station

Land Description:                    H830800/B851

Certificate of Title:                CL 1601/59


OWNER:                               Brooklands Pastoral Co Pty Ltd
                                     Cordillo Downs
                                     via Leigh Creek 5731


State Heritage Status:               n/a                                    SHR File No.: n/a

Other Assessments:                   n/a


PHOTOGRAPH NOS.:                     Film 5, neg 36A




                                  Providence Dam Sheep Yards




Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki          395
11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)          Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey


PROVIDENCE DAM SHEEP YARDS                                                                 LHP:020


DESCRIPTION:

Providence Dam Sheep Yards stand by a tank on Providence Creek, about 30km north-
east of Cordillo Downs homestead. They consist of the ruins of wood and wire drafting
yards, with a building consisting of taller posts supporting netting for a shade shelter.


HISTORY:

Providence Dam Sheep Yards are on land that was taken up by William and John Howie
as Haddon Downs run in 1880 and stocked with sheep. It was a progressively-managed
property, and by 1890 was well-watered and extensively fenced. This site was a sheep
yard at a watering point on the creek. The run was subsequently bought by the Beltana
Pastoral Company and in 1905 became part of Cordillo Downs. The date of construction
of the yards is not known, but was almost certainly before 1931 when Cordillo Downs
Station was abandoned because of drought, and subsequently converted to cattle grazing.


STATEMENT OF HERITAGE VALUE:

Providence Dam Sheep Yards are of heritage value as a relatively well-preserved example
of the sheepyards that were an essential part of early sheep grazing in the north-east.


RELEVANT CRITERIA:

(a)    It displays historical themes that are of importance to the local area.
(b)    It represents customs or ways of life that are characteristic of the local area


TOURISM MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS:

This is a remote and fragile site far from public roads, and tourism development is not
recommended.


REFERENCES:

Cooper, A., History of the Beltana Pastoral Company, 1965
Tolcher, Helen, Drought or Deluge, 1986




396             Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)


HADDON DOWNS HOMESTEAD RUINS                                                              LHP:021


LOCATION:

Place Name and Address:              Haddon Downs Homestead Ruins, Cordillo
                                     Downs Station

Land Description:                    H830800/B851

Certificate of Title:                CL 1601/59


OWNER:                               Brooklands Pastoral Co Pty Ltd
                                     Cordillo Downs Station
                                     via Leigh Creek 5731


State Heritage Status:               n/a                                    SHR File No.: n/a

Other Assessments:                   n/a


PHOTOGRAPH NOS.:                     Film 6, negs 1-7




                               Haddon Downs Homestead Ruins



Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki          397
11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)          Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey


HADDON DOWNS HOMESTEAD RUINS                                                               LHP:021


DESCRIPTION:

Haddon Downs Homestead Ruins stand on a low bluff overlooking a tributary of Haddon
Creek, about 45km north-east of Cordillo Downs homestead. They consist of the ruins of a
stone house which had sawn softwood joinery, a store, stables, smithy and sheep and
horse yards. A fenced enclosure surrounds the marble gravestone of William Howie who
died in 1887.


HISTORY:

Haddon Downs run was taken up by William and John Howie in 1880 and stocked with
sheep. It was one of the few properties in the north-east which straddled the border into
Queensland. The Howies managed the property progressively, providing watering points
and wire fencing. After William Howie's death the run was bought by the Beltana Pastoral
Company and in 1905 was incorporated into Cordillo Downs. Haddon Downs became an
outstation of the larger property, but was probably little used after 1942 when Cordillo
Downs was converted to cattle grazing.


STATEMENT OF HERITAGE VALUE:

Haddon Downs Homestead Ruins are of heritage value as an example of the homesteads
associated with early sheep grazing in the north-east.


RELEVANT CRITERIA:

(a)    It displays historical themes that are of importance to the local area.
(b)    It represents customs or ways of life that are characteristic of the local area


TOURISM MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS:

This is a remote and fragile site far from public roads, and tourism development is not
recommended.


REFERENCES:

Cooper, A., History of the Beltana Pastoral Company, 1965
Tolcher, Helen, Drought or Deluge, 1986



398             Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)


COONGIE HOMESTEAD RUINS                                                                   LHP:022


LOCATION:

Place Name and Address:              Coongie Homestead Ruins, Innamincka
                                     Regional Reserve

Land Description:                    H831600/B757

Certificate of Title:                CL 1625/52


OWNER:                               (1)   Innamincka Pastoral Co Pty Ltd
                                           PO Box 346
                                           North Adelaide 5006

                                     (2)   National Parks & Wildlife SA
                                           GPO Box 1047
                                           Adelaide 5001


State Heritage Status:               n/a                                    SHR File No.: n/a

Other Assessments:                   n/a


PHOTOGRAPH NOS.:                     Film 7, negs 21-22




Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki          399
11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)         Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey

                               Coongie Homestead ruins




400            Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)


COONGIE HOMESTEAD RUINS                                                                  LHP:022


DESCRIPTION:

The site consists of the remains of two homestead buildings about 200m west of the shore
of Lake Coongie. The earlier timber house is simply a scatter of rusted nails and other
metal fasteners, characteristic of a timber house destroyed by fire. The later earth house
built alongside is now an expanse of dried mud. The modern interpretation centre is about
200m north of the house sites.


HISTORY:

In 1875 during the first rush of pastoralists to the Cooper, wealthy Victorian graziers
Hector and Norman Wilson took up the Land of Promise run beside the Coongie Lakes on
Burke and Wills' route of fourteen years earlier. The name was a bit much, and the run
soon became known as Coongie. Unusually for the north-east, a contractor, James
Gemmell, was sent to build a timber house for the manager. Under manager WJ Wylie in
the 1880s, Coongie had a record of violent conflict with Aborigines. The property remained
in the Wilson family until 1902 when it was transferred to Sidney Kidman, who merged it
into his Innamincka Station in 1908. From that time Coongie was simply an outstation of
Innamincka. At some time in the Kidman era the old homestead burnt down, and was
replaced with a mud-walled cottage. The property became Innamincka Regional Reserve
in 1988, and the Coongie Lakes area is now managed as a birdlife sanctuary. An
interpretation centre has been built near the homestead.


STATEMENT OF HERITAGE VALUE:

The Coongie Homestead ruins are of heritage value as a memorial to the optimism of the
earliest period of pastoral settlement, followed by the austere pragmatism of the Kidman
era.


RELEVANT CRITERIA:

(a)      It displays historical themes that are of importance to the local area.


TOURISM MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS:

The site is vulnerable to damage from casual visitors wandering over it with no
understanding of what is there. The existing interpretation boards, erected by Australian
Geographic are about 200m distant from the homestead, and have aged to the point
where they need replacement. Their primary focus is on the natural environment of the
Coongie Lakes.


Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki        401
11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)           Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey


COONGIE HOMESTEAD RUINS                                                                     LHP:022


Recommendations

1     A small sign is needed to identify the site and inform visitors of appropriate
      behaviours, such as not collecting surface artefacts.

2     Replacing and updating the existing interpretive signs be negotiated with Australian
      Geographic.

Action responsibility

National Parks & Wildlife SA, SA Tourism Commission.


REFERENCES:

Litchfield, Lois, Marree and the Tracks Beyond, 1983
Tolcher, Helen, Drought or Deluge, 1986
Tolcher, Helen, Conrick of Nappa Merrie, 1996




402              Historical Research Pty Ltd / Austral Archaeology / Lyn Leader-Elliott / Iris Iwanicki
Birdsville and Strzelecki Tracks Heritage Survey                  11.0 Local Heritage Places (SA)




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