NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, PONDICHERRY, KARAIKAL AN INTRODUCTION TO THE REGION AND THE INSTITUTE AT THE EAST COAST OF INDIA On 1st November 1954, Pondicherry [Puducherry] was transferred to India. A treaty of Cessation (together with Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam) was signed on May 28, 1956. Pondicherry became a Union Territory to be administered by the KARAIKAL President of India in 1962 under the enclave of 14th Amendment of the Indian Constitution. Tirunallar temple| Puducherry V separated by 140 kilometers and surrounded by neighboring State of Tamilnadu. KARAIKAL Location in South India, city map Puducherry UT Together with the other former French enclaves of Puducherry (formerly known as Pondicherry), Yanam, and Mahé, Karaikal forms the Union Territory of Puducherry KARAIKAL French rule Independence Struggle • The formation of Karaikal national congress on 13.6.1947 and Students Congress on 31.1.1947 symbolised the first concrete expression of popular desire in Karaikal for freedom from French rule. • The French ruled this district till 31 October 1954 on which date the French flag flying atop the government house at Karaikal was lowered with due military honors before a large gathering of officials and non-officials. Thus the de facto transfer of power took place on 1 November 1954 followed by de jure transfer on 16 August 1962. Until 1 November 1954, it was under French rule. Geography Location • Karaikal is a small coastal enclave of territory which was formerly part of French India. • Together with the other former French enclaves of Puducherry (formerly known as Pondicherry), Yanam, and Mahé, Karaikal forms the Union Territory of Puducherry. • Karaikal is bounded on the North and South by Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu state, on the west by Tiruvarur district (also belonging to Tamil Nadu), and on the East by the Bay of Bengal. • The enclave is located 132 km south of the city of Puducherry, 158 km east of Trichy and is known for its rich cultural heritage. temples Karaikal is known all over the country for its unique and the only temple devoted to the Lord Saneeswara (Lord Saturn) at Thirunallar. Karaikal is the Gateway to various places of worship in the eastern coast of Tamil Nadu. Two famous shrines, Velankanni for Christians and Nagore for Muslims are nearby Karaikal. The French flavour still persists in the peaceful land of Karaikal. In Tirumalairayanpattinam, there is a famous temple called Ayirankaliamman temple, ayiram means 1000. We can see this god once in 5 years, because whatever offerings are given to this god, it should be 1008. So they will open for 3 days once in 5 years, and many devotees from all over Tamil Nadu and Puducherry will come and worship. Divisions Divisions Karaikal town about 16 km. north of Nagapattinam and 9 km. south of Tarangambadi. Karaikal town is the regional headquarters. Karaikal region is made up of Karaikal municipality and the Communes of: Kottucherry Nadungadu Neravy Thirunallar Tirumalarajanpattinam KARAIKAL Demographics As of 2001[update] India census, Karaikal town had a population of 105,333. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Karaikal has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 68%. In Karaikal, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Karaikal Port Karaikal Port is poised to be a multi-cargo handling terminal. The port has handled cargoes: Coal, Pet coke, Raw sugar, Cement, Project Cargo and construction materials. Fertilizer and liquid cargo are soon to follow. On completion, the port will be capable of handling all types of cargo. Karaikal Port is also a hub for oil exploration activities and OSV/PSVs belonging to companies such as Hindustan Oil Exploration Company (HOEC) and Reliance Petroleum regularly call at the port. Karaikal Port Karaikal Port is a deep draft, all weather port. The current depth of 14.5 m allows for handling of Panamax size vessels (up to 80000 MT). The final depth of 16.5 m will allow cape size vessels (up to 120000 MT) to call at the port. The lagoon type basin protected by breakwaters allows operations all around the year. Karaikal Port received its first Gearless Panamax vessel in November, 2009 and became the first port in Tamilnadu to do so. The port also has the distinction of being the only private port to export cargo belonging to power equipment major Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL), which is a government agency. The port recently obtained rail connectivity and its 3 railway sidings are now connected to Trichy via Nagore. Tirunallar near Karaikal, the former French territory, has the ancient temple of Darbharanyeswara. This temple was visited by the Saint Tirugnana Sambandar in the 7th century A.D. who sang padigams (decadal verses) in praise of the Lord. The name "TIRUNALLARU" is association of Likewise, his contemporary Nala of the Nishadha country who got Saint Tirnnavukkarasu and his deliverance from effects of Shani later, Saint Sundarar (9th (Saturn) by invoking the Lord's mercy century A.D.) had visited the here. (Nala+Aru-Nallaru). The word "Aru" temple and sung padigams extolling the Lord. Saint conveys the meaning "to heal" and the Arunagirinathar (15th century two words taken together _ Nala's A.D.) had also visited it and place of redemption or the place where sung hymns included in his Nala secured his redemption from the monumental work hold of Saturn through the Lord's Grace. Tiruppugazh. Colleges EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN KARAIKAL •Vinayaka Missions College of Nursing •Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru College of Agriculture and Research Institute •Karaikal Polytechnic College •Indhira College of education •S.S. Duraisamy Nadar Mariammal College •Mor Colle ges e in Tamil •Pavai Polytechnic College Nad uVin ayak a M is s i ons Coll ege of Nurs i ng •Pan dit Jaw aharl al Nehr u Coll ege of Agric ult ur e •Thanapandian Polytechnic College and Res e arch Instit ute •Kar aikal Polyt echn ic Coll ege •I ndh ira Coll ege of educ at ion •S.S. Durai s amy Nad ar •Sivanthi College of education M ari am mal Coll ege •Pav ai More Colleges in Karaikal Polyt echn ic Coll ege •Tha napa ndia n Polyt echn ic Coll ege •Siva nt hi Coll •Shri Sharadha College of education ege of educ at ion •Shri Shar adha Coll ege of educ at ion •Qua id-e- M ille th Coll ege •JM S Coll ege of educ at ion •Quaid -e- Milleth College •Gan apat hi Coll ege of educ at ion •Sakt hi Instit ute for Teac her Educ at ion and Res e arch •JMS College of education •Ganapathi College of education •Sakthi Institute for Teacher Education and Research Nedungadu Post,Karaikal-609 603 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru College of Agriculture and Research Institute Alt Name: PAJANCOA Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru College of Agriculture (PAJANCOA) was established on 1987 at Karaikal in the Union Territory of Puducherry, as an autonomous educational institution by the Government of Puducherry. This College has the prime objective of imparting agricultural education and meeting the agricultural research and extension needs of the Union Territory. This college is governed by PAJANCOA (Karaikal) Society with the Chief Secretary, Govt. of Puducherry as the Chairman and affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore for meeting its academic standards. This college has been upgraded as Research Institute in 1997. National Institute of Technology Express News Service First Published : 30 Nov 2009 02:49:00 AM IST Last Updated : 30 Nov 2009 06:51:45 AM IST KARAIKAL: Karaikal would get a medical college and a National Institute of Technology (NIT) soon, Union Minister of State for Planning V Narayanaswamy told reporters on Saturday. He said various steps had been taken to make the district a educational hub. He pointed out that Union Human Resources Minister Kapil Sibal would soon visit Karaikal to lay the foundation for the proposed NIT. Stating that the Centre was planning to establish 2,500 model schools across the country, he said one such school [Kendriya Vidyalaya] would be established at Karaikal. National Institute of Technology Express News Service “In addition, a Kendriya Vidyalaya will also start functioning here from next academic year. About Rs 20 crore has been allotted to set up a branch of the Pondicherry Central University at Karaikal,” he said. He also expressed hope that the ongoing Karaikal- Nagore broad gauge work would be completed before June, next. “I have written to the Union Railway Minister to erect a new BG line between Karaikal and Mayiladuthurai via Tirunallar and Peralam. Also, Prime Minister has promised to look into the issue of granting statehood for Puducherry,” the minister noted. Kendriya Vidyalaya Aug. 25, 2010. The Kendriya Vidyalaya would commence functioning from this academic year with classes 'I to V, with an intake of 40 students each. The school with its current total intake of 200 students would function from a temporary location near the Kovilpatthu Govt. High School. KARAIKAL National institute of Technology, Karaikal, (Puducherry Union Territory) Karaikal is a developing area and has a port & a well -connected railway network. KARAIKAL National Institute of Technology National Institute of Technology, Puducherry is one among the ten newly sanctioned NITs by the Government of India in 2009 under the 11th Five year Plan. It is established in the temporary campus provided by Arignar Anna Govt. Arts College at Karaikal in the State of Puducherry. It is managed by the NIT Puducherry Society registered under the Societies Act. The Institute is fully funded by the Government of India under the Ministry of Human Resource Development. The Land and the local support are being provided by the Govt of Puducherry. This Institute shall be brought under the ambit of the NIT Act 2007 by the Govt of India. The academic session at Karaikal campus commenced with the first batch of students in JULY 2010. ceremony Union Minister of Human Resource Development Mr. Kapil Sibal (centre), at the foundation stone ceremony for National Institute of Technology- Puducherry at Karaikal . KARAIKAL Inaugural function of NIT-Karaikal Union Minister of State for Planning and Parliamentary Affairs V Narayanaswamy said that formation of NIT at Karaikal was a major milestone in the development of Karaikal. C h i e f M i n i s t e r V Vaithilingam, Speaker Radhakrishnan, Higher Education Minister MOHF Shahjahan, Social Welfare Minister Kandaswamy, Opposition Leader AMH Nazeem were among those who participated in the inaugural function. 24 National Institute of Technology National Institute of Technology Baldev Raj to Head NIT-Puducherry Tiruchirapalli, Jan 16 : Dr Baldev Raj, Director, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, has been appointed as Chairman Board of Governors, National Institute of Technology- Puducherry at Karaikal, by the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). According to official sources, Dr Baldev Raj has been appointed to the post by the President of India for five years. Besides authoring 42 books and special volumes and journals, he has to his credit 700 publications in leading national and international journals. The sources said the new Board for the NIT-Puducherry, which started functioning from this academic year, has been constituted as per a memorandum of association registered under Society of Companies in Puducherry in 2010, the sources added. National Institute of Technology Baldev Raj to Head NIT-Puducherry The Board has among its members the Director of NIT- Trichy (Mentor Director of NIT-Puducherry); the Education Secretary of Puducherry Government and senior MHRD officials. The sources said the overall strength of NIT stands at 105, including additional quota that was subsequently incorporated. The NIT-P is going to function from a temporary campus at Aringnar Anna Government Arts College, Karaikal till the pucca building is ready. The sources said NIT-P is among 10 NEW NITs sanctioned by the MHRD for focussing on the North- Eastern States and other educationally-backward regions.